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'MI 



Gc M, L, 

942.4601 
Stl3c 
1898 
Nev7 ser. 

1134129 <SENEALOCy ttOLLECT.O^J 



r^ 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLI 



'. . 3 1833 00662 7225 



THE 
GRESLEYS OF DRAKELOWE 



©xforS 

HORACE HART, PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY 






^r. 




GresUys of Drnkelowe 

SIR PETER DE GRESLEV 
d. about A.D. 1310 
i^Froii, Brit. Miis. MS. Hail. 420s, fol 112, of the ijtl, cent. 



(Bfe0fe^0 of *S)ra6efon)e 

An Account of the Family, and Notes of its 

connexions by Marriage and Descent 

from the Norman Conquest 

to the Present Day 

fVif/i Appendixes, Pedigrees and Illustrations 

COMPILED BY 

FALCONER MADAN, M.A. 

FELLOW OF BRASENOSE COLLEGE, OXFORD 



PRINTED FOR SUBSCRIBERS 



Slpcliorc Jfilic titiam iFocmna 

GRESLEY MOTTO. 

More Faithful than Forlunale. 

In what old story far away, 
In what great action is enshrined. 
The sad sweet motto which to-day 
Around the Gresleys* name is twined ? 

Was it for country or for crown 
They played a grand tho' tragic part? 
Or did they lay their fortune down 
To strive to win one careless heart? 

We cannot tell : but this we know, 
That they wlio chose in that dim past 
Those noble words,— come weal come woe — 
Stood by them stedfast to the last. 

And this we feel, when deep in dust 
Lie earthly hopes and worldly state, 
In that far Land where all is just. 
The Faithful will be Fortunate. 

FLORENCE SEVERNE. 



1131129 
CONTENTS 



PAGE 

Preface vii 

CHAP. 

I. The Norman Family of Toeni, and its settlement in 

England i 

II. Robert de Stafford and Nigel de Stafford . . . i6 

III. The early Gresleys 24 

IV. The Gresleys in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries . 52 

Notes 74 

V. The line of Baronets from 1611 to 1837 .... 80 

Notes 84, 95 

VI. The line of Baronets from 1S37 to the present time . 129 

VII. The Collateral Branches, from the seventeenth 

century: — 134 

A. The Worcestershire and Bristol Gresleys . 135 

B. The Australian Gresleys 142 

C. The North Wales and Liverpool Gresleys . 146 

D. The family of Richard Gresley .... 148 

E. Unidentified Gresleys 153 

Notes 357 

VIII. Drakelowe. By Sir Robert Gresley, Baronet . . 161 

Notes (list of portraits, etc.) 165 

A3 



Contents 



APPENDIXES. 

PAGE 

A. Gresley Castle, Priory, and Church 171 

B. Notes on the Manors and Possessions of the Family . 182 

C. The Gresley Arms, Seals, Crest, and Motto . . . 205 

D. The Grellys, Barons of Manchester, the Greasleys, and 

other families of similar name but unconnected 
with the Gresleys 208 

E. Account of the MSS. and Authorities used (the Gresley 

Chartulary, the Drakelowe Muniments, the Rev. 

J. M. Gresley's Collections, etc.) .... 212 

PEDIGREES. 

Toeni (i) 223 

Gresley (ii-vii) 224 

Families which have intermarried with the Gresleys, in 

alphabetical order (viii-lxxiii) 235 

Index 301 

ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Sir Peter de Gresley {coloured) to face title 

Drakelowe to face p. 161 

Gresley Priory (pla)i) to face p. 174 

Gresley Church to face p.iqq 



PREFACE 



The present volume is the best description which the 
author is able to give of the successive generations of 
a remarkable family. An ideal family history would require 
historical genius in the writer, leisure for research, a lavish 
outlay, and plentiful material. In the present instance the 
last of these conditions is the only one of which fulfilment 
can be claimed. The late Rev. John Morewood Gresley, 
a trained antiquary, amassed a large number of Gresley 
records from authentic sources, and the contemplation of 
these, late in the year 1895, was the cause of the present 
endeavour to raise a memorial both of Mr. Gresley's labours 
and of the ancient family to which he belonged. 

The Gresley family is perhaps unique in combining a 
proved succession in the male line from the eleventh century 
to the present time with the occupation for the last seven 
hundred years of a manor which was held by an ancestor at 
the time of the Domesday Survey. The property and in- 
fluence of the Gresleys have been almost equally divided 
between Derbyshire, Staffordshire and Leicestershire, 
Drakelowe lying in Derbyshire near the point where the 
three shires meet; and in each they have held a high 
position and have formed connexions by marriage with the 
leading families. Their antiquity and local fixity attracted 
the attention of Sir Henry Ellis (Introd. to Domesday 
i. 346-7), the Rev. R. W. Eyton (Salt Society's publications 
i. 223), and other antiquaries: while, if the hnk with the 
Norman family of Toeni be accepted, the pedigree in the 
male line is continuous for nine hundred years. 



viii Preface 

The story begins with the prominent Norman family of 
Toeni, the head of which was hereditary Standard-bearer 
of the Dukes of Normandy. At the Battle of Hastings, how- 
ever, Ralph de Toeni asked permission to fight in the ranks, 
and his services and those of his brother, Robert de Stafford, 
were rewarded with broad lands in England after the 
Conquest. A Nigel de Stafford who also appears as an 
extensive landowner at the time of the Domesday Survey, 
was in all probability the son of Robert, and was certainly 
the father of the first who bore the name of Gresley. The 
curious legend of the Devil of Drakelowe supphes the reason 
why the family name was Gresley rather than Drakelowe. 

The Gresleys thenceforward seem to have lived for some 
years at Gresley Castle, and, as holding their lands in capite, 
ranked among the Barones minores. They took their full 
share of military service as knights : indeed one generation, 
the family of Sir Peter, was so exceedingly militant as to 
deserve a less honourable appellation. The family steadily 
increased in wealth until a marriage with the heiress of the 
Wasteneys of Colton, in the middle of the fourteenth century, 
raised it to a leading position in the county— a position 
retained more by diplomacy than force through the Wars of 
the Roses. In Elizabeth's time the head of the family incurred 
debts which caused the sale of Colton and several other 
manors, and the baronetcy conferred on Sir George Gresley 
in 1611 was not accompanied by any retrieval of these losses. 
In the Civil War the first Baronet was a Parliamentarian, 
but his grandson, Sir Thomas, was in favour after the 
Restoration, and by his marriage recovered an important 
part of the property which had been sold at the beginning 
of the century. 

At this point the family divides into two branches, the 
eldest son William carrying on the line of Baronets and 
residing at Drakelowe, while the younger, Thomas, became 
the progenitor of a line of Squires and Rectors of Seile, 
residing at Nether Seile. In 1837 however, with Sir Roger 
Gresley, the elder branch died out, and the Rector of Seile 



Preface ix 

at that time, who was Sir Roger's first and fourth cousin, 
became the ninth Baronet, and was the grandfather of the 
present Baronet, Sir Robert, whose two sons augur well for 
the continuance of this wonderful pedigree. 

The present volume is not published. Every member of 
the William Salt Archasological Society receives a copy 
of the ordinary edition, as do subscribers before issue, 
a list of whom is subjoined. The special edition is limited 
to fifty copies, which have all been subscribed for. 

The author has to offer his best thanks to many welcome 
helpers. The present head of the family, Sir Robert Gresley, 
Baronet, of Drakelowe, Burton on Trent, has taken a warm 
personal interest in the scheme, and has himself contributed 
chapter VIII; and Major-General the Hon. George Wrot- 
tesley, who is the life and soul of the William Salt Society 
and an indefatigable historian, has given most valuable help, 
especially in the earlier chapters : while Mr. J. Horace Round, 
Lord Hawkesbury, Miss Agnes Gresley of Barton under 
Needwood, Mr. Nigel Gresley (for the Australian branch) 
and Miss Govett (for the Bristol Gresleys), with others too 
numerous to mention, have supplied valuable information. 

Notes and criticisms of the present book will be gladly 
received, in view of the possible issue of a few pages of 
Addenda at some later period. 



Brasenose College, Oxford. 
September, 1899. 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS 



{An asterisk indicates t/iat tiioie t/iai: one copy is snbsaibed for.') 



ORDINARY EDITION 

The Society of Antiquaries, Burlington House, London. 

C. B. Ball, Esq., M.D., 24 Merrion Square, N., Dublin. 

Prof. Sir Robert Ball, The Observatory, Cambridge. 

Roger Bass, Esq., West Hallam Hall, Derby. 

H. H. Bemrose, Esq., Lonsdale Hill, Derby. 

Reginald Blomfield, 51 Frognal, Hampstead, London, N.W. 

F. W. Caulfield, Esq., Fo.'i Hall, Bentley, Hants. 

Chetham's Library, Hunt's Bank, Manchester, (per W. T. Browne, Esq.). 

G. E. CoKAYNE, Esq., Clarenceux King of Arms, College of Arms, London, E.G. 
Miss Crewe, 36 Stanhope Gardens. London, S.W. 

H. H. Crewe, Esq., D.L., Spring Hill, East Cowes, LW. 

*N. C. Curzon, Esq., Lockington Hall, Derby. 

Rev. Canon Denton, R.D., The Vicarage, Ashby de la Zouch. 

Mrs. Edwards, The Batch, Flax Bourton, Bristol. 

*E. F. Elton, Esq., Wellington College, Berks. 

John German, Esq., Estate Office, Ashby de la Zouch. 

Miss Govett, 3 Lipson Terrace, Plymouth. 

Lady Gresley, 55 Great Cumberland Place, London, W. 

Miss Amelia Gresley, Pinehurst, Clevedon, Somerset. 

Charles Gresley. Esq., The Close, Lichfield. 

*Mrs. Gresley, The Close, Lichfield. 

Rev. C. V. Gresley, Newton upon Ouse, York. 

Miss Eleanor Gresley, The Close, Lichfield. 

Rev. Geoffrey Gresley, The Vicarage, Observatory Road, Capetown. 

Miss Maria Gresley, care of Charles Gresley, Esq., The Close, Lichfield. 

Rev. Nigel Gresley, Netherseale Rectory, Ashby de la Zouch. 

Nigel Bowyer Gresley, Esq., care of the Bank of British North America, 

52 Wall St., New York, U.S.A. 
N. Egekton Gresley, Esq., The Close, Lichfield. 
Rev N. W. Gresley, R.D., The Rectory. Dursley, Gloucestershire. 
R. Gresley, Esq., Merdon, Rodwell, Weymouth. 
*Sir Robert Gresley, Baronet, Drakelowe, Burton on Trent. 
Rev. Prebendary Roger Gresley, Rowbarton, Taunton. 
Miss W. M. Gresley, The Close, Lichfield. 
W. N. Gresley, Esq., 60 Eaton Terrace, London, S.W. 
W. S. Gresley, Esq., 348 West 8th St., Erie, Pa., U.S.A. 
Guildhall Library, London, E.C. (per C. Welch, Esq., F.S.A.). 
David Hale, Esq., Ashby de la Zouch. 

R. Ghesley Hall, Esq., 60 Avenue Road, Regent's Park, London. 
Rev. A. Gresley Hellicar, Bromley Vicarage, Kent. 
R. Hovenden, Esq., Heathcote, Park Hill Road, Croydon. 



List of Subscribers 



Rev. William Inge, D.D., Provost of Worcester College. Oxford. 

I. H. Jeayes, Esq., Dept. of MSS., British Museum, London. 

M. E. Lavers. Esq., 6 Stanley Gardens, Kensington Park, London, W. 

W. B. Lee, Esq., Seend, Melksham. 

C. S. Madan, Esq., lo Belfield Road, Didsbury, Manchester. 

*F. Madan, Esq., Brasenose College, O.xford. 

*Mis. G. Madan, Bearland House, Gloucester. 

Rev. J. R. Madan, Downton, Salisbury. 

Rev. Canon Nigel Madan, West Hallam Rectory, Derby. 

Rev. A. R. Maddison, Vicars' Court, Lincoln. 

Mrs. F. Manley, The Firs, Abergavenny. 

Lieut.-Col. C. Milligan, Caldwell Hall, Burton on Trent. 

Mrs. E. G. Mynors, Evancoyd, Kington, Herefordshire. 

Miss Agatha Paget, Avenue House, Elford, Tamworth. 

Mrs. PAYNE-GALLViiEY, Clearmont, Rodvvell, Weymouth. 

Rev. G. Gresley Perry, Waddington Rectory, Lincoln. 

Rev. G. H. Perry, St. Matthew's Vicarage, City Road, London, E.C. 

Mrs. Severne, Wallop, Shrewsbury. 

Mrs. Shepherd, per the Rev. H. James, Great Witcombe Rectory, Gloucester. 

Sir George Sitwell, Scarborough. 

Capt. J. Stewart, Alltyrodyn, Llandyssil, South Wales. 

Mrs. Strutt, care of Nigel Gresley, Esq., 38 Hogarth Road, London, S.W. 

Rev. J. Sunderland, Egginton Vicarage, Leighton Buzzard. 

Miss Tatlock, Bramfield House, Halesworth, Suffolk. 

H. R. Tedder, Esq., The Athenaium Club, Pall Mall, London. 

Mrs. Vavasour, Hill House, Leckhampton, near Cheltenham. 

*The William Salt Archa:ological Society [by special arrangement). 

Rev. Arthur Willoughby, Mona View, Cheltenham. 

A. Worthington, Esq., Maple Hayes, Lichfield. 



SPECIAL EDITION 

H. H. Bemrose, Esq., Lonsdale Hill, Derby. 

R. S. Boddincton, Esq., 15 Markham Square, Chelsea, London, S.W. 

G. T. Clark, Esq., F.S.A., Talygarn, Llantrissant, Pont-y-CIun. 

*Mrs. Cohen, 5 Southwick Crescent, Hyde Park, London, W. 

Lady Cunliffe, Acton Park, Wre.xham. 

The Dowager Lady Gresley, Barton under Needwood, Burton on Trent. 

Miss Agnes Gresley, Barton under Needwood, Burton on Trent. 

Capt. Arthur Gresley, R.N., Barton under Needwood, Burton on Trent. 

Charles Gresley, Esq., The Close, Lichfield. 

Miss L B. Gresley, The Close, Lichfield. 

Rev. L. S. Gresley, Birdsall, York. 

Rev. N. W. Gresley, R.D., The Rectory, Dursley, Gloucestershire. 

Nigel Gresley, Esq., 38 Hogarth Road, South Kensington, London, S.W. 

*Sir Robert Gresley, Baronet, Drakelowe, Burton on Trent. 

Rt. Hon. Lord Hawkesbury, Kirkham Abbey, York. 

W. A. Lindsay, Esq., Windsor Herald, College of Arms, London, E.C. 

Miss Madan, Preswylfa, Llanfairfechan, North Wales. 

*F. Madan, Esq., Brasenose College, Oxford. 

W. Mallalieu, Esq., Swallows' Rest, Ockbrook, Derby. 

Public Free Library, Manchester (per C. W. Sutton, Esq.). 

R. L. Pemberton, Esq., Hawthorn Tower, Seaham, county of Durham. 

F. C. Perry, Esq., Diinston, near Stafford. 

Thomas Salt, Esq., Weeping Cross, Stafford. 

Mrs. Shawe, Weddington Hall, Nuneaton. 

Hon. F. Strutt, Milford House, Derby. 

Rev. George Woodyatt, 41 Brunswick Place, Hove, Brighton. 

Major-Gen. the Hon. George Wrottesley, 75 Cadogan Gardens, London, S.W. 



"OnoY nof AN (LciN 'ANAPEI, 
. . . tNTAYGA Tel^H ka'i noAeic. 



Aristides. 



J!ri)c lAnigfjts' bones arc iiist, 
ant tljcir gooC stoortis rust; 
2E!)cir souls ate toitl) tl)c faints, toe trust. 



Coleridge. 



THE 
GRESLEYS OF DRAKELOWE 

CHAPTER I 

THE NORMAN FAMILY OF TOENI, AND ITS 
SETTLEMENT IN ENGLAND 

The Norwegian Vikings or ' Northmen ' who in the 
second half of the ninth century began to harry the shores 
of Northern Gaul, and who at last under RoUo obtained 
a firm footing on land in the district round Rouen, can hav^e 
had little idea of their future influence on England. That 
island seemed destined rather to fall into the hands of their 
kinsmen the Danes, while the new-comers in Gaul were 
fully occupied in building up the Duchy of Normandy, 
'the only permanent Northern state* within the limits of « c. F. Keary, 
the ancient Carlovingian Empire.' But so it was ordained westfrn" 
by fate, that while perhaps no Englishman can boast, or ^L"'d''"8°'"i 
cares to boast, of a Danish descent from before the p. 438^ 
Conquest, the chief families of Normandy should be the 
coveted ancestry of the oldest houses in the kingdom. 
An example of this may be seen in the great Norman 
family of Toeni, the head of which for at least two 
generations before the invasion of England held the high 
position of Standard-bearer of the Dukes of Normandy. 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



Their Mixed Descent. 

If Rollo, the first Duke of Normandy, was of Scandinavian 
blood, as is generally allowed, the Toenis must be conceded 
a similar origin : for Roger de Toeni, the second who bore 
I" Hist. Norm, that Surname, is expressly stated by William of Jumieges '' 
^"' ^' (Gulielmus Gemeticensis), or rather his continuator, to have 

been 'de stirpe Malahulcii qui Rollonis Ducis [Normanniae] 
' 'paternal patruus "" fuit et cum eo Francos atterens Normanniam 
fortiter adquisierat.' With this clue we can give in out- 
line the traditional descent of the Toenis from Fornjot King 
of Finland to Ivar, and the historical pedigree from the latter 
* R. s. onward. The first part"* is: — Fornjot King of Finland — 

Ssgas'i), *^^ ' Kari — Thorri — Gorr — Heiti — SveiSi — Halfdan the Old — 
pp- 1-4- Jvar, Jarl of the Uplanders (Oplasndingejarl). From this 

point we are on clearer ground, and it may be convenient 
for reference to carry Rollo's pedigree down to William 
OR. s. ut the Conqueror. The line is^:— Ivar — Eystein Glumra 
Munches""'' (Eystein the Eloquent or Nois}') — Rognvald riki, Jarl of 
HisttrL™''' both the Msren and of Romsdal : married Hilda (or in full 
eenjai xi: Raguhilda), dau. of Hrolf Nefja : d. 890: his brother Sigurd 
Chaiiiu, The riki was the first Earl of Orkney, d. 874 — Rollo, first Duke 
(iSSgf i. 462- of Normandy (in French Rou, properly Hrolf, known from 
his stature as Gongu-Hrolf '' : b. 846?, d. about 931: his 
brothers were Ivar and Thorir the Silent) — William i 
ruie'n';''^' (2nd Duke, d. 942)— Richard i (3rd Duke, d. 996) — 
horse could Richard ii (4th Duke, d. 1026) — Richard iii (5th Duke, 
d. 1028) — Robert (a brother, 6th Duke, d. 1035) — William 
the Conqueror (7th Duke, King of England, d. 1087). 

From what has been said above we are perhaps justified 
in assuming that an unrecorded brother of Rognvald bore 
a name (probably Malahultis) which appears in its latinized 
form as Malahulcius, and that he was a lineal ancestor of the 
Toenis. It must be noted however that Dudo of St. Quentin, 
the first Norman historian (fi. 1000-25), knows nothing of 
Rollo as a Norwegian, but assigns him a Danish (or what 
meant the same, a Dacian) origin : and his authority has 



' 'Rolf the 
Gang! 



The Norman Family of Tocni 



been followed by Lair s, Steenstrup ^ and others. Non chap. i. 
nostrum tantas—, but both sides concede ultimately to Rollo ^ ~ ^ 

. ■ Dudon, ed. 

a Scandinavian ancestry. Even Malahulcius's name has byLair(Caen, 
been attacked by Bouquet, the editor of the Recueil des pp^49-78.' 
Historiens de France (xi. 38), who reads the passage above " Etudes prg- 
quoted as ' de stirpe mala Hulcii,' citing the corresponding (^caen, 1880;. 
French passage, taken from the Latin of Jumieges, in the 
Chroniqucs de France or Chroniqncs de Saint-Dcnys (ibid. 
xi. 401), which reads ' Rogiers Thohins hons estraiz & 
descendu de mauvese racine ' : but it is probable from the 
omission of any French equivalent of 'Hulcii' or the next 
clause, that the translator was puzzled. Steenstrup however 
seizes the idea, and tries to identify Huncdeus (probably 
Hunthiofr), a Norman leader, with Hulcius! As a fact, 
Malahultis is a good Norwegian name and there is no reason 
for changing the received text. 

But there is some evidence also that the Toenis were 
of mixed descent, and had Frankish blood in their veins, 
as may well have been the case. This appears from the 
following fact. Hugh, archbishop of Rouen from 942 to 
989, and elected to that office by Duke William (who was 
probably his kinsman), held as part of the possessions of 
his see the fief of Todiniacum or Toeni. But he was 
a man 'prosapia clarus, sed ignobilis cunctis operibus,' and 
alienated this fief, bestowing it, with all its appurtenances, 
on ' frater suus Rodulphus, potentissimus vir, fihus Hugonis 
de Calvacamp ' (Calvacamp being stated to be the name 
of a village near Dieppe). This is attested by the Acta 
Arcliiepiscoponnn Rotliomagensimn printed in Mabillon's 
Vetera Analccta (1723 edition, p. 223). It can hardly be 
doubted that this Rodulphus is the first Toeni, so that 
we here obtain the origin of the name of Toeni ; and as 
we know that the first Toeni was alive and had a grown- 
up son in about a.d. 1020, it may be conjectured on a com- 
parison of dates and generations that at least one generation 
intervened between Malahulcius and Hugh de Cavalcamp. 
In the absence of evidence it is idle to speculate whether 
B 2 



TJie Gresleys of Drakelozve 



Chap. I. Hugh married a grand-daughter or other female descendant 
of the former: but that relationship would satisfy the proba- 
bilities of the position. 

This relationship with a Frankish family is said to be 

also affirmed in one of the Continuations of William of 

'Folio Will. Tumieges', and M. Prevost, the editor of Ordericus Vitalis, 

Salt MS. at -^ ^ ' ..'-it--- r ■„ 

Stafford goes SO tar as to write ^ oi the 1 oenis cette famille, par 



lettered 
' Gresley.' 



une exception bien rare chez les seigneurs normands, parait 
i Prevost's n'avoir pas ete d'origine scandinave, mais etre sortie d'un 
°7'^«.^"'^' personnage franc nomme Hugue de Calvacamp.' In sharp 
!■ Normandy Contrast with this Palgrave ^ says that the Toeni pedigree 
fii(i86!f).^2o.3. 'affords one of the very few instances in which the ancestry 

of a Norman is deduced from a genuine Northman ' ! The 

Toenis were, in fact, an unfortunate example for either 

writer to take, for reasons stated above. 

Before we turn to the actual line of Toeni, a few words 

may be said about its eponymous village. 



Tosny, or Tceni. 

Tosny is a small village on the left bank of the Seine 

in the canton of Gaillon and department of L'Eure, near the 

well-known Chateau Gaillard. The Seine at this point 

' Plan in makcs a horseshoe curve ', sweeping beneath the heights of 

Duc's'^Dicl Les Andelys on which the chateau stands, and which look 

de rArch. 
Fran;. (1854 



across the river in a south-westerly direction over level 

68), i'ii. 85."" meadows enclosed by the river's bend. Within this bend 

a spectator from the castle would see the two villages of 

Bernieres and Tosny, the former on the right hand, the 

latter a little nearer and on the left, close to the Seine. 

It is not without significance, as will shortly be seen, that 

in Cassini's large Atlas (1744) a place called Grange le 

Conches is to be found close to Tosny. The name has 

"> Biosseviile, Varied" between Toeni (Toenium), Totteneium, Todiniacum, 

de"i'Eure°^' Thony (Thonaium), and Toni (Toniacum), with minor 

(1877)- variations, but appears to be now fixed as Tosny. Toeni 

and its meadows belonged, as has been stated, to the arch- 



The Norman Family of Toeni 



bishopric of Rouen, until alienated by the first Toeni's Chap. I. 
brother, to give a name and place to the family in which 
we are interested. 

Ralph i de Toeni (fl. a.d. iooo). 

Of the first of the family we know very little. In about 
I020 Richard ii Duke of Normandy placed him and his 
son Roger ('Rodulphus" Toennensis & Rogerius filius ° Jum. v. lo. 
ejusdem,' ' Raoul° de Thoeini [in the printed edition Thocini] " Chron. of 
& Rogier son fil') with Nigel de Coutances (Neel de (Rec. d'es 
St. Sauveur) and others in charge of the castle of Tillieres " ance'^^^. 
(Castrum Tegulense) to hold it against Odo of Chartres, 308 b). 
the Duke's brother-in-law, who had revolted. Odo boldly 
attacked Tillieres, but was entirely routed and barely escaped 
with his life. It is possible that this Ralph is the ' Rodulphus 
Todinensis ' who is found in a single MS. of Leo Marsicanus's 
Chronica Monasterii Casiuensis^ as one of forty Normans p Pertz, Mon, 
who were trying their fortunes in Italy and are mentioned sc^Hptt. v'il ' 
as at Capua in about 1012. If we place Ralph's acquisition ^^2, ^f- 676. 
of Toeni in about 970-80, he may be said to have ' flourished ' 
in about a.d. iooo. In Lord Lindsay's Lives of the Lindsays 
(2nd ed., 1858) a Hugo de Limesay (ancestor of the Lindsays) 
is put forward as another son of Ralph, besides Roger: 
but I have not met with any proof or corroboration of the 
statement. In an undated charter' of Richard Duke of " Mem. de la 
Normandy to Lisieux, supposed to be of about 1028, one Antiqu. de 
of the witnesses is ' Rodulphus filius Rodulphi de Todeniaco,' xi°i™844)^' 
of whom I can render no account, if the words quoted are p- i°"- 
correct. But the charter is certainly carelessly copied or 
edited, for one of the witnesses is ' Hebertus episcopus 
Ambianensis' (instead of Lexoviensts), and if so the first 
' Rodulphus ' may be an error for ' Rogerius.' M. Gardin ' ■■ Conches, 
asserts, but without quoting any authority, that Ralph in ^' "' 
the tenth century possessed Castillon (Chatillon) the site 
of an old Roman camp close to, and indeed part of, the town 
of Conches: but this must be regarded at present as due 
to some confusion with his son Roger. 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



Roger i de Toeni (occ. abt. 1020, d. abt. 1040). 

With this Roger, son of the first Toeni, we may be said to 
emerge into the light of history. He appears as a typical 
leader among the Norman nobles, proud of his connexion 
with the Dukes of Normandy, contemptuous of the base-born 
Duke William, quarrelsome among his peers, ready to 
engage in far distant expeditions for fame and booty, careless 
of the sufferings of others, and yet without inconsistency the 
founder of an abbey which should expiate his misdeeds. 

We have seen that in about 1020 he shared his father's 

success at Tillieres. In about 1035 he undoubtedly 

signalized his connexion with Conches (see p. 8) by founding 

a Benedictine Abbey of St. Peter and St. Paul in close 

proximity at Chatillon. But the great fact in his life is 

Conqu. "i (3rd the expedition to Spain from which he derived his name of 

2^6 465, V. ^jg Hispania, Hispanicus, or d'Espagne. Freeman even says * 

« Caumont, that he 'was the first to carry the Norman arms into the 

1st s.^h!"""' Spanish peninsula ' : and it appears that he was sent by 

(1836)243, Henry i of France' between 1031 and 1035, with other 

" Ademar, iii. Normaus, to help Ferdinand King of Castile and Leon. 

55 in Pertz' fhg rough Normau leader gained a reputation for cruelty, 

Hist.Scriptt., but also for invincibility: and after his victories found a wife 

Dozy,°Re- for himsclf in Godehildis'' daughter of Raymundus (son of 

ed^fisso^'^'^ Borellus and Count of Barcelona), who had died in 1017, and 

'• 37, »• 333- of his wife Ermensenda. In 1035 when Robert Duke of 

inBaiuzius, ' Normaudy was dead and succeeded by his illegitimate son 

O688),"oi!'' William (the Conqueror), we find Roger de Toeni back in 

542. France, indignant that a base-born man should rule the 

HUtt^'dl"^ duchy and ready to join Neel de St. Sauveur, viscount of 

France, xi. tj-jg Cotentin, in a revolt against him. The occasion was 
329 A. . ° 

' ibid. xi. soon afforded, but in a fight with Roger de Bello Monte 

401 CD. (Beaumont), son of Humfridus de Vetulis whose property 

viJiT7:^Ord'. ^ad been attacked, both Roger and two of his young sons 

Vit. i 180. ii. Helbertus and Ehnantius (Hebert and Helmant\ Herberz 

40, 369, ni. . ' 

338. and Ahnanz ") were killed '', apparently at the end of May in 



The Norman Family of Toeni 



about 1040. So fell the turbulent and proud Norman who Chap. i. 
had achieved the position of Standard-bearer of the Dulce ~~~ 
and carried the fame of the Northmen into Spain. He 
was buried in the abbey he had founded at Conches on 
May 30, a day ever after kept there as the ' Depositio Domini 
Rogerii fundatoris istius ecclesiae''.' It is recorded that his y Obit._ 
body was laid ' dans le chapitre soubz une pierre facon de Neustria"pia 
marbre taillee tout simplement, et elevee de terre d'un pied ^^g- 
sur trois liones de pierre: on ny voit aucune marque ny 
auscune escriture ^' On May 7, 1463, his body and those of "■ Pans, Bibi. 
his wife and children were re-discovered and solemnly sl Germ', 
attested ". It may be added that Ansgotus Normannus was ^°^^- 
a relative of ' Rogerius Toenis qui Hispanicus vocabatur "^ ' : clii. ch^rfft.' 
and that a deed of gift by Roger is printed in Gallia Christiana ""• ^'*^^- 

^ ^ " Ord. Vit. 

XL mstrr. 120 D. ii. 64. 

His wife was Godehildis, see above, who after his death 
married as his second wife Richard count of Evreux, son of 
Robert archbishop of Rouen and grandson of Richard i 
Duke of Normandy. Count Richard died in 1067, having 
first married Adela or Helena, who is often confused with 
Godehildis. By the latter he had a son William who 
succeeded him, a daughter Agnes (see p. 11), and a daughter 
Godehildis who became nun and abbess of the Benedictine 
nunnery of St. Saviour at Evreux, founded by her father. 
Deeds by Godehildis as countess of £vreux are printed in 
Gallia Christiana xi. instrr. 129 B, 130 B. 

Their issue was : — 

Helbert ) 1. .^1 j- j ^ 

„ ,. ^. \ both died young, see p. 6. 
Hehnantius ) j o. k 

Ralph, see p. 9. 

Robert de Stafford, see p. 16. 

Adelina or Adeliza. She married WilHam Fitz-Osberne, who fought 
at the battle of Hastings and was Count of Breteuil and Earl of Hereford 
(d. 1070). They were founders of the abbeys of Lire (Lira) and Cor- 
meilles (Cormeliae), and were buried in them, she in the former, he (the 
survivor) in the latter. Their children were William who became Lord 
of Breteuil, Ralph a monk at Cormeilles, Roger Earl of Hereford whose 
issue was soon extinct, and two daughters, one named Emma. 



The Grcslcys of Drakeloive 



Conches (Chatillon). 

The seat of the Toenis may now be briefly described, 
chiefly by notes from Alex. Gardin's Notice historique sur la 
ville de Conches (Evreux, 1865, 8") : he quotes however few 
authorities, and is not entirely trustworthy on matters of 
history. 

The present town of Conches hes on the right bank of the 

little stream of the Rouloir, about eleven miles south-west of 

Evreux. The Rouloir soon joins the Iton, which flows into 

the Eure at Acquigny, and the Eure into the Seine at Pont 

de I'Arche. But the first abode of the Toenis was a place 

more than a mile to the west of Conches, which is now 

'Cf Caumont, Called Vieux-Conches, and there Ralph de Toeni settled 

f^a.T""" ' himself ■= early in the eleventh century, building a fortress of 

(1836) 224, which remains still exist. Near it a church of St. Ouen was 

built, and round it grew a little village bearing the same 

name as the church. After Ralph's death, however, his son 

Roger removed (in about 1030?) to a spot then called 

Chastillon (Castellio), probably from a Roman camp in the 

neighbourhood, and there not only built the imposing walls, 

within which a central fortress of the twelfth century still in 

great measure defies the destructive influence of Time, but 

also founded the Benedictine abbey already mentioned. 

Chatillon is now practically included in Conches, and one of 

the gates is still called the Porte de Chatillon. The abbey 

was variously known as Coenobium SS. Petri et Pauli de 

Castellione, Ecclesia Castellionensis, or Castellionensis ab- 

batia apud Conchas. A long list of its abbots and other 

information are in Gallia Christiana, tom. xi. col. 637. The 

church of Ste. Foy is said to have been also begun in Roger's 

* L'abbe time, and the story is * that Roger on his return from Spain 

Revui'^de" mzd& a pilgrimage to St. James of Compostella, and on his 

a^^'^sir^'u ^"' '^^'^y ^^'^^ '° England (!) visited the shrine of Ste. Foy (Fides, 

(1875), p- 375- martyred at Agen in about a.d. 300) at Conques (Conchae 



The Norman Family of Tocni 



Rutenorum, in the Departement d'Aveyron), from which he Chap. i. 
brought some relics to hallow his new church at Chatillon, 
thenceforward itself called Conchae or Conches. The 
modern church of Ste. Foy, which is the most conspicuous 
feature in the Conches of to-day, is of later date but on the 
same site. The old castle built by Roger or his successors 
is of prodigious strength, consisting of a circular donjon with 
massive walls, a ring of bastions and walls surrounding the 
keep, and a large and nearly circular area, about 300 feet in 
diameter, enclosed by the outer wall. The fortifications on 
the south-east look down a steep declivity to the stream 
below. 

The Toenis remained Lords of Conches until June i, 1204, 
Roger de Toeni being then the only exception made when 
Philippe Auguste allowed the Norman barons to regain their 
possessions by the capitulation of Rouen. Conches was 
then given to the King's cousin Robert de Courtenay, and 
in about 1250 to his grand-daughter who had married 
Robert ii, count of Artois. Its ancient history may be said 
to end with its union in 1343 with the Duchy of Normandy. 

Ralph ii de Toeni, or de Conchis (senex). 

Although not in the main line of the family so far as the 
Gresleys are concerned, it is impossible to pass over the 
second Ralph de Toeni, who was perhaps the most prominent 
of all this Norman house. He seems to have been born in 
about 1037, and first emerges into notice at the battle of 
Mortemer " in 1054, where Duke William obtained a complete » Ord. Vit. 
victory over the King's troops. It was the young Ralph de '^■*' 
Toeni who was selected by the Duke to report this over- 
whelming disaster to the King himself. Ralph made his 
way by night to a hill which overlooked the King's camp, 
and soon his voice was heard through the darkness, bidding 
the French to sleep no longer but go to Mortemer to bear off 
and bury their comrades, and proclaiming the flight of the 
King's brother and the capture of Earl Wido. The very 



The Gresleys of Drakeloive 



' Turn. vii. 24 : 
Rad. de 
Diceto (R S. 
Ixviii) i. 190: 
Rob, of 
Torigny(R.S. 
Ixxxii)iv. 33: 
Chron. de S. 
Denis in Rec. 
des Histt. xi. 
404 C. See 
below. 
8 Ord. Vit. 



•" Aime in 

Dozy, Rc- 

cherches ii. 

335- 

' Ord. Vit. ii. 

401-3. 



! Ord. Vit. 



" Robert 
Wace, Rom. 
de Rou, ed. 
Andersen 
(1877} vol. 2, 
Pt- 3. P- 330- 
vv. 7598-608 : 
see below. 



words of his (traditional) speech are preserved ', and such 
was their effect that the French king fled with the utmost 
haste. In 1063 however Ralph was one of the Norman 
nobles who for their continual quarrellings were deprived of 
all their possessions by Duke William and driven from 
Normandy 8. It can hardly be an accidental coincidence that 
in about 1064-5 we hear of a fresh expedition of Normans to 
Spain ^, but the name of Ralph de Toeni does not occur. 
After the Conquest of England however we know for certain 
that Ralph did make a journey to Spain and at the monastery 
of St. Evroul at Ouche (Uticum) * promised help to the abbey 
if he returned in safety : and after his return in fulfilment of 
his vow gave to it lands in Toeni, Conches and elsewhere. 
This journey is however generally placed in about 1075, and 
could not be earlier than 1066, while the restoration of the 
exiled barons is placed by Prevost as early as 1063-', the 
same year as the expulsion. At any rate Ralph and the other 
delinquents recovered their domains, and he was certainly 
in full amity with the Duke at the time of the invasion of 
England. 

At the memorable battle of Hastings or Senlac in 1066 it 
was the office of Ralph de Toeni to bear in person the 
Standard of the Duke of Normandy, but, according to the 
Roman de Ron ^, when Duke William called on him to carry 
the Standard, which the Pope had sent him, as his duty by 
right and by ancestry, Ralph thanked him for acknowledging 
the ancient right of the Toenis, but claimed quittance of the 
service on this occasion in order that he might take full share 
in the actual fighting. A similar request was made by 



' Franceis, Franceis, levez, levez, 
Tenez vos veies ; trop dormez. 
Allez vos amis enterrer 
Ki sont occis a Mortemer. 
K. Le Hericher, Hist, et glossaire dti Norniand (n. d.'. 
The original runs : — • 

Portez, dist il, mon gonfanon, 
Ne uos uoil faire se dreit non: 
Par dreit e par anceisorie 
Deiuent estre de Normendie 
Vostre parent ponfanonier, 
Mult furcnt tuit boen chcualier. 



The Norman Family of Toeni 



Gautier Giffard, and finally the standard was borne on that Chap. i. 
fateful day by Turstin fitz Rollo le Blanc. 

Of Ralph in England we have no facts recorded, except 

the possession of lands in Flamsteed' (co. Herts.), Alton"" in ' Gall. Christ. 

Worcestershire, Caldecote ° in Norfolk, and elsewhere, and Dugd., Mon. 

his occurrence as witness in several charters". At the time ed"f504A" 

of the Domesday Survey (1086) he owned about thirty-seven ■» ord.Vit.v. 

manors in Norfolk, Herefordshire, Gloucestershire, Hertford- •^^°^^^'^' '"• ^2' 

shire and Berkshire. But in fact he was throughout his life " ibid. ii. 40, 
Norman and not English, both in his tastes and abode, and '";/!' ...'^ 

° ' " Ibid. 111. 262, 

joined freely in the internecine quarrels of the barons of 296, 348-50, 
Normandy after the Conquest", of which the best known '"■ ^^" 
is the Guerre des Belles Dames, see below. He also joined 
in the revolt of Robert the son of the Conqueror in 1078, 
and though he was subsequently restored to favour, this may 
account for the small number of manors which he held in 
1087, compared with the vast estates of his brother Robert. 

On March 24 p, probably Tioi, he died, and was buried, as p ibid.ii. 405, 
was natural, in the abbey at Conches. c . iv. i 3. 

His wife was Elizabeth (latinized as Isabella by Ordericus 
Vitalis '') daughter of Simon de Montfort I'Amauri. The way ' Also in a 

, . , , ,.,-,, , 1 deed of Ralph 

in which she was obtained illustrates the rough manners in Dugd. Men. 
of the time. Ralph carried off by night Agnes his uterine Eiizlbeth^on'ce 
sister (daughter of Richard 3rd count of Evreux and of '" o^'d- "• 403. 
Godehildis, in this connexion also called Adela"", Helene' >• Prevost in 
and even JolandeM, widow of Roger i de Toeni) and gave 404 »; Mas 
her to Simon as his third wife, receiving in exchange the \'^^]'^' ^' 
daughter of the said Simon by a former wife, Elizabeth de « Anseime ii. 
Broyes dame de Nogent. It was the high spirit, levity and ^''^' ^ 
audacity of Elizabeth when matched in quarrel with the Add. 18039, 
clever but cruel and grasping nature of Helvisa countess '° ' 
of Evreux (wife of William 4th count, and daughter of 
William count of Nevers) which in 1090 precipitated 
Evreux, Conches and the whole neighbourhood into fierce 
conflict, and gave the struggle the name of ' La Guerre des „ ;;; ^^^ . 
Belles Dames.' Elizabeth is described by Ordericus Vitalis" Gardin, 

Conches, p. 

in lively terms, as if she were a very Camilla or Amazon, 16. 



The Gresleys of Drakeloive 



Chap. I. a beldam indeed, marching to war in full armour and with 
more than a soldier's ardour. ' Both women,' says Orderic, 
' were loquacious, high-spirited and of graceful figure : both 
ruled their husbands and lorded it over their inferiors, 
whom they found various means of terrifying.' The crisis 
came in November when Conches was regularly besieged, 
but not till after three years of desultory warfare, ending 
in the victory of the Toenis, did the two families come to 
an agreement— to the effect that the Count of Evreux and 
his nephew Guillermus de Breteuil should make Roger 
son of Ralph de Toeni their heir. But the death of Roger 
J Ord. vit. on May 15, 1093 '—about which the chronicler tells a touch- 
See below'. ing story— frustrated this happily-conceived arrangement. 
Finally Elizabeth after years of widowhood took the veil 
at the priory of Haute Bruyere near iVIontfort TAmauri, 
ending her wild life in the peace of a cloister. 
Their children were : — 

Roger ii de Toeni, who died unmarried in 1093, see above : he occurs 
" Ord. Vit. ii. as consenting to his father's gifts to the abbey of St. Evroul ". 
Ralph iii de Toeni : see below. 
Duchesne, Godehildis^, who married i. Robert de Neuburgh, and 2. Baldwin, son 



403 



Hist. Norm. 
Scriptt. 1091 : 
continuator of 
Jum. viii. 41. 



of Eustace Count of Boulogne. 



This appears to be the best place for briefly showing the 
continuance of the male line of the Toenis until its extinction 
early in the fourteenth century : see also the pedigree at the 
end of this volume. 

Ralph iii de Toeni or de Conchis (juvenis). 

Of this Ralph we know nothing during his father's lifetime, but on 
succeeding to his father's place in iio^ he at once comes to the front. 

» The young Roger had heard Baldwin, afterwards King of Jerusalem, describing 
a dream in which he saw our Lord hanging on the Cross and bestowing on him 
a benediction ; and turned to his mother, saying, ' I know a man, and he is not far 
off, who has seen a similar vision.' On being questioned about this, the youth 
blushed and would not say what he meant, till at last, overcome by his mo"ther's 
entreaties, he replied, ' Some one I know lately saw the Lord Jesus in a vision, 
placing His hands on his head in blessing, and saying, " Come quickly, My beloved, 
to Me, and I will give thee the pleasures of life." Sure I am that one so summoned 
by God will not remain long in this life.' The same year the youth took to 
his bed, and shortly after died. 



The Norman Family of Toeni 



404. 




■1 Bodl. 


MS. 


Dodsw. 


. XXX 


112. 




" Trigg Mine 


i. 64-6. 


cf. 



In 1103 he is found raiding part of Normandy y, and in the same year he Chap. I. 
crosses to England and marries Judith^, alias Adeliza*, alias Alicia'', 
daughter of Waltheof earl of Huntingdon and of Judith — which last was ^ P'"^' ^''' '^' 
a daugliter of a half-sister of William the Conqueror. After a career of ' , ' '^'' 
perhaps dubious fidelity to the King of England (he is more than once ^j-j y. 
suspected, but there is no proof of actual defection), Ralph died in 1125 a Ord Vit iv 
or 1126'^. Besides Roger iii de Toeni (see below), Ralph's children were 198. 
Hugh, who died in his father's lifetime and was buried in Holy Trinity t Dugd. Mon. 
church in London'', Simon'' and Isabella'"'. Maclean « adds a Ralph, v- 152, cf. 
and a Margaret who married Walter son of Richard fitz Pons from whom ^^ ' 
descended the long line of De Cliffords. ' ^'"^- '^''- ''• 

Roger iii de Toeni or de Conchis. 

Of Roger who succeeded his father in 1125 or 1126 we hear little, 
except in connexion with petty warfare in Normandy. Twice at least 
he was imprisoned there, but at the last date at which he is mentioned, Clifford's Coll. 
Sept. 1138, he is reconciled to King Stephen f. His death is stated to Cliff 124, &c. 
have been in 1165S. He married Gertrude'' or Ida' daughter of ' ^'■'^- ^''- ^■ 
Baldwin count of Hainault. Their children were Ralph iv de Toeni, g 
see below; Roger; Baldwin who lived in Hainault and died in 1170; above ^''"' ^^ 
and Geoffrey a clerk. ^ Chron 

Ralph iv de Toeni. Hannon. by 

^ Gislebertus 

Ralph was founder of Westacre abbey in Norfolk, and married '^'^ Monte, in 
Margaret de Beaumont : their children were Roger iv de Toeni, see ge^^' j^°"f' 
below ; Richard a clerk who died in 1252, and possibly others. Scrlptt. xxi. 

506, &c. 
Roger iv de Toeni. ' Paris, Bibl. 

Nat. MS. St. 
Married Petronilla de Lacy, who subsequently wedded William de Germ. 577; 
St. Omer. Roger died on a voyage to the Holy Land at about ^^"^'^■ ^^'^■ 
Michaelmas 1239, and was succeeded by his son Roger. C^j „gg ' 

Roger V de Toeni. 

He married at about the time of his succession Alice de Bohun or 
according to some authorities Constance de Beaumont (by whom he had 
a son Ralph), and secondly Isabella. Roger was taken prisoner at the 
battle of Lewes in 1263 and died in 1277. 

Ralph V de Toeni. 
Born in about 1255, he married Clarissa, by whom he had only two 
children Robert and Alice. Ralph died in Gascony in 1294 or 1295. 

Robert de Toeni. 

This Robert was the last in the male line of the great family of Toeni. 

His wife was Matilda daughter of Malice Earl of Strathearn, but they 

had no children. In the long and authentic description of the siege 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



Chap. I. of Caerlaverock in July 1300, preserved in a French poem J, Robert is 
. mentioned more than once, in passages of considerable interest. In one 

Ms"coUon his arms are mentioned :- 

Calig. A.xviii, Blanche cote e blanches alectes, 

Nic'oratciLsj Escu blanc, e banier blanche, 

and Wright Portoit, o la vermeille manche, 

(1864). Robers de Tony, ki bien signe 

' see below. Ke il est du Chevaler au Cigne ^. 

This gives the Toeni arms as Argent a maunche gules, as the abbey of 
' Journ. of Conches bore them and as they occur in Markland church ' and else- 
Archaeol.^ where ™. It also makes the curious statement that Robert was descended 
266_ ' ' ' from the Knight of the Swan, an honour claimed as late as the sixteenth 
m Rolls of century by William Copeland " the printer for his patron the Duke of 
Arms, c. Buckingham, whose family had before then assumed the White Swan as 

1240-45, a badge. The Romance of the Knight of the Swan is French (see 

c! 1295 v^two). "^^ edition by Reiftenberg (1848), and the Histoire litte'raire de la France 
„ English ^^"' 351). and the Knight himself is Helias, whose daughter Ida marries 

version of the Eustace count of Boulogne and is mother of Godfrey of Boulogne, the 
Romance hero of the first Crusade. But the real connexion is in all probability 

him dedica- ^°^ through the marriage of Godehildis with the son of Eustace (see p. 12), 
lion. The which would put lineal descent out of the question, but through Robert's 
claim would grandmother, who was a Bohun : and the two families who are said to 
the line of have claimed a similar descent are the Bohuns (through Maud daughter 
Stafford. For of GeoflVey Fitz-Piers Earl of Essex) and the Beauchamps, according 
vI'h^^™" to Sir N. H. Nicolas (Siege of Caerlaverock, 1828, p. 369), quoted in the 

GenLMag. Duchess of Cleveland's edition of the Battle Abbey Roll (1889) iii. 173. 
N.S. xviii The latter family probably claimed the Swan badge through Robert's 
(1842. iij sister. 

^ ^ °' The second passage is : — 

Ceus ki estoient sur le mur 
° see below. Robert de Tony mult grevoit ». 

Robert was in the retinue of John de St. John, and was attached to the 
person of the King's son, afterwards Edward ii. He was summoned to 
Parliament as Baron de Tony from 1299 till his death in 1310. 

Alice de Toeni, sister of Robert, was born in 1283 or 1284, and 
married three times, first Thomas de Leybourne, secondly in about 
1311 Guy de Beauchamp Earl of Warwick, and thirdly (after 1315) 
Wiiliam La Zouche of Mortimer. 



So ended the male line of Toeni. Pedigrees of some authority will be 
found in Duchesne's Hist. Norm. Scriptores (1619), p. 1091 (to Roger ii) ; 

' White surcoat and white alettes, white shield and white banner, with a red 
maunche (sleeve) bore Robert de Tony, who well shows that he is (descended) 
from the Knight of the Swan. (Nicolas p. 42, Wright p. 18.) 

" Them who were on the wall Robert de Tony harassed much. (Nicolas p. 74, 
Wright p. 30.) 



The Norman Family of Toeni 



15 



Maclean's Trigg Minor i (1873), 64-6; Bodl. MS. yVshm. 1107, fol. 207 
see also Dugdale's Baronage, and Brit. Mus. iMSS. Lansd. 863, fol. 77^ 
Add. 5937, fol. 135^; Bodl.^MSS. Rawl. B. 83. fol. 49; 313, foil. 38, 39^ 
Dodsw. iv. 21, 22, cf. 49; Hoare's Modern Wilts, Cavvden (1835), p. 5. 
The line from Ralph i to Roger ii can be proved from a long charter of 
Henry i to the abbey of Conches (of about a.d. 1130) printed in full in 
Gallia Christiana xi. instrr. 128-33. The name is still preserved in 
Saham Tony in Norfolk and in Newton Tony and Stratford Tony 
in Wilts. The above account of the Tony family since the Conquest, 
being only subsidiary to the main purpose of this book, is not put 
forward as proved, but only as representing the dates and facts found in 
ordinary books of reference. 



The Todeni Family. 

Of the Todeni family of Belvoir? it is difficult to trace the early p See Dugd. 
history. There was undoubtedly a Robert de Todeni who came over pJ^^P^dV . 
from Normandy at the Conquest, built Belvoir Castle and founded q^^.^\^ „ g 
a Priory near it, where he was buried in 1088. Todeni is certainly 
a possible by-form of Toeni, as we find Totteneium in the eleventh 
century and Todiniacum in the twelfth, as Latin names of that place. 
On the other hand no proof has been found of any connexion between 
the Toeni and Todeni families, and the personal names are not strikingly 
similar, as will be seen if we carry the line on for a generation or two. 
Robert married Adela, and their children were William de Albini, 
who succeeded his father ; Berengar (who may be the Berengarius 
de Thoneio of Blore's Rutland p. 99 1, but the short form, omitting d, 
has not been found elsewhere'); Geoffrey; Robert; and Agnes, who 
married Hubert de Rye. WiUiam de Albini married Maude de St. Liz, 
daughter of the Earl of Huntingdon, had issue William and Ralph, and 
died in 1155. It may be noted that the Latin name of Totnes is 
Toteneium and Totcncsium. 



1 = Du^d. 
Mon. ill. 551 
(before A. d. 



Dugd. Mon. 

!'• 547-9 ; 

Sodl. MS. 
Dodsw. vii. 
137'. 



CHAPTER II 

ROBERT DE STAFFORD AND NIGEL DE STAFFORD 

As has been already mentioned, the estates held in 
England at the time of Domesday (1086) by Ralph de 
Toeni were far exceeded by the broad acres of his younger 
brother Robert de Stafford, who must have stood high in 
the favour of the Conqueror, although we have no record 
of actual services at the Conquest. In StaiTordshire he 
owned 81 manors, in Warwickshire 26, in Lincolnshire 
20 and 4 in other counties, 131 in all. He is not however 
recorded as holding a manor in Stafford itself, although 
• Baronage i. he owned 54 manses there, but Dugdale* explains this by 
'^ ■ the fact that Stafford castle, of which he may very probably 

have been governor, was demolished before 1086, and the 
new one had not yet been built. The ground and sur- 
roundings of the old castle were held in 1086 by Henry 
de Ferrers. 

Of Robert we have certain authentic details. That his 

surname was de Stafford and that he was a younger brother 

of Ralph ii de Toeni (he is actually called Robertus de 

•-Dugd. Mon. Toenio by his grandson'') are absolutely certain from the 

VI. 994- long charter already mentioned (see p. 15), in Gallia 

Christiana xi. instrr. 128-33. He must have been born not 

« Dugd. Mon. later than about 1041, and married Avice" daughter of the 

160!^'''^^'"'' Earl of Clare, who probably survived him. All the other 

notices about him are in connexion with religious houses. 



Robert de Stafford 



I Gall. Christ. 



He was a benefactor to Conches'': he founded or re-founded 

the Priory of Regular Canons at Stone" in Staffordshire, 

and granted lands to Evesham Abbey *■ and Bordesley 

Abbeys. The gift to Evesham was the manor of Wrottesley de^i'Elire'H!.'^ 

in Staffordshire, and the deed is dated 1072 : but the ^s'- 

abbot only became mesne tenant, since alienation of a manor vi. 2^5^ 

held in capite was impossible, and so in the Domesday Book ' Salt Soc. ii. 

(1086) Wrottesley is recorded as still in Robert de Stafford's 'f. Dugd. ^' 

hands. There is also a second deed dated 1088, when Robert, ^°"- "■ '^■ 

now infirm and near his death, had become a monk at v. 408.' 

Evesham and ' pro penitentia,' at the instigation of the Bishop 

of Chester, 'monachus factus in infirmitate mea in eodem 

monasterio,' gave to the abbey not Wrottesley only but land 

in Loynton. It may be presumed that the donor died there 

in 1088 or 1089. A rhyming chronicle or table which used 

to hang in the Priory of Stone testified '' that both Robert h Dugd. Mon. 

de Stafford and his wife were buried at Stone : but the deed H'-^^l^f \;l'^\^ 

of 1088 proves that at that date both husband and wife authority. 

intended Evesham to be their place of sepulture. 

Their issue was, Nicholas the eldest, and according to all 
previous accounts the only, son : but there is some reason 
for believing them to have had a younger son named Nigel 
de Stafford, see p. 18. The male line however of Nicholas's 
descendants died out after a few generations, for Nicholas, 
who married Maude Moolte daughter of the Earl of Chester, 
had an only son Robert (who married Avice and died in 
about 1176): and Robert left only three children, Robert 
and Nicholas who died without issue, the former in about 
1193; and a daughter Millicent, who married Hervey Bagot: 
and the line of Barons and Earls of Stafford (from 1444 to 
1521 also Dukes of Buckingham) is derived through this 
female heiress by a very chequered descent, having suffered 
three forfeitures and at least as many extinctions. 

It may be mentioned here that Dugdale in his Baronage 

(i. 258, cf. 266-7) represents Walkeline de Ferrers, younger 

brother of the Robert de Ferrers who died in 1247, as 

marrying ' Goda filia Roberti de Toeni.' Walkeline occurs 

c 



i8 The Gresleys of Drakelowe 

Chap. II. between 1166 and 1189, but Dugdale offers no proof of such 
a marriage, and I cannot understand who Robert or Goda 
was, if the entry be correct. Neither occurs in the Placita 
apud Westm. T. Pasch. 13 H. 3, rot. 13 (the second roll 
bearing that reference : now Curia Regis Roll 102) which 
bears on Walkeline's descendants and mentions his name. 

Nigel de Stafford. 
{b. about 1040: d. abt. 1115?) 
Nigel de Stafford is the great crux of the Gresley pedigree. 
< e.g. Dugd. All previous investigators' have regarded him as a younger 
Eyton"; stlfff ' brother of Ralph ii de Toeni and of Robert de Stafford, and 
p- 51- a son of Roger i de Toeni and of Godehildis. There is 

no evidence whatever of this, and chronological probabih- 
ties are against it, for, if we assume the above relationships 
we find that, according to inferences of high probability, 
while Nigel was born not later than about 1041, two of his 
sons, William and Nicholas, are alive in 1165. Another 
objection is that it would be almost unparalleled, if two land- 
owners and founders of families were given at about the 
same time the same territorial name. But the true aspect of 
the question will be best seen, if the few ascertained facts 
about Nigel de Stafford are clearly set forth. 

1. The primary fact about him is his estates at the time 
of the Domesday Survey (1086). ' Nigellus de Statford ' 
held in Derbyshire nine manors and two sokes (see App. B), 
and 'Nigellus' held two more manors. In Staffordshire 
'Nigellus' has thirteen holdings, in Leicestershire four 
holdings, in Warwickshire one holding : and there is good 
reason for assuming the identity of ' Nigellus ' above with 
Nigel de Statford or Stafford, for the Derbyshire and 
Leicestershire holdings form (roughly speaking) a group 
in a district within about six miles of Burton-on-Trent 
to the W., S.W\ and S., and out of the thirty-one holdings 
no less than twelve are subsequently found in the hands 
of the Gresle^'s. 

2. Nigel de Stafford and Elsioiv. In a charter of Henry i 



Nigel dc Stafford 19 



(1124-35)-' there is a confirmation of gifts to the nunnery of Chap. ii. 
Elstow in Bedfordshire (which had been founded in about j g ^ 
A. D. 1078 bv Judith widow of Waltheof Earl of Huntingdon), Wigram's 

' ■' •' <^ Elstow 

and the sixth grant (the entries appear to be roughly in (1885),?. 158. 

chronological order) is one by Nigel de Stafford of loi 

virgates of land in Erendesby (Arnesby) in Leicestershire : 

and there are other mentions of the same gift"". Among ^ iwd. 

the other benefactors are the foundress and the Coun- ^^' ^''' ^ ' 

tess Matilda. Now both the latter were connected with 

the Toenis, Judith's daughter Judith or Adeliza having 

married Ralph iii de Toeni, Nigel's first cousin (if not 

nephew), see p. 13 : while Matilda was the foundress's 

daughter. In Domesday the landowners in Arnesby are the 

mysterious William Peverel and the Bishop of Coutances, 

and the Testa de Nevill ' shows that in 1272 the village was ' ibid. p. loi. 

still of the fee of Peverel and was then granted to Hugh 

de Beauchamp (whose ancestor" held land there in 1201), ^ Pipe Roil 

who also gave loj virgates of land there to Elstow. In ^ "' 

1279° Arnesby is of two fees, Peverel and Ferrers, Hugh's " Nichols, 

grant belonging to the former, and Nigel's to the latter. But g-'io.'"' '' 

the materials for a clear historj? of the place are not at present 

available. We incidentally find in this charter a proof that 

Nigel was married and had a daughter, for he gives the land 

to the nunnery ' cum filia sua,' implying either that she was 

a nun there or at least that she was educated there. 

3. Nigel dc Stafford mid St. Albaiis abbey. In a list of 
benefactors to the great Abbey of St. Alban's we find a 
record" that Nigel de Stafford gave the church of Norton, <> Dngd.Mon. 
and one carucate of land and a tithe of his lordship in the xxvil^L 447^ 
same vill : and the Countess Judith again appears as a 
benefactor in the same list with Nigel. This Norton was 
undoubtedly Norton juxta Twycross, which Nigel held 
under Henry de Ferrers at the time of Domesday (see App. B). 
The proof of this is found in a charter p of Richard Earl of >' information 
Chester {d. 1120) confirming this grant in terms which Ru^nd, Esq. 
identify the place. It may be noted also that the Belvoir 
ChartularyP contains a final concord of 1224 about the 
c 2 



The Gresleys of Drakclozvc 



1 Montacute 
Chartulary 
(pr. by the 
Somerset 
Arch. Soc), 
p. 1 66, 
charter 130. 



advowson of Norton which proves that Geoffrey de Gresley, 
then alive, was the heir of Nigel de Stafford — an important 
corroboration of the connexion between the Greslej's and 
Staffords. 

4. Mr. J. H. Round has found in an unpublished list of 
'barones,' probably of 1086, a mention of Nigellus de Torp, 
whom he identifies without hesitation as Nigel de Stafford. 
It is worth mentioning also that in an undated deed' of 
about 1 150, a grant by Gunfredus de Warmewell to the 
monks of Holne priory in Dorset, among the witnesses is 
' Neel de Stafford,' of whom I know nothing more. 

The above may be said to represent all thufacis which we 
at present know about the Nigel de Stafford of Domesday: 
what remains is more or less probable conjecture. We can 
only say that it is very improbable that Nigel had no connexion 
with Robert de Stafford, and that if he was a son of the latter, 
all the facts we know about him fall into their places. The 
rather rare name Nicholas, it may be noticed, occurs in both 
Nigel's and Robert's families. It has been suggested that 
Nigel may have been the ' miles' of Henry de Ferrers who 
held Stafford Castle in 1086, and thence derived his surname; 
but this is at present only conjecture. With respect to 
Nigel's descendants we are on safe ground: for we may 
with practical certainty identify two sets of three persons, 
father, son and grandson, namely the Gresley hne, Nigel 
de Stafford —William de Gresley— Robert de Gresley, and 
the Ferrers tenants, Nigel— William fitz Nigel — Robert 
fitz William. Nigel may have lived till about 1115: see 
p. 33, note™. In one case it appears that Nigel de Stafford 
is called, after his death, Nigel de Gresley, namely in the 
Pipe Rolls referred to on pp. 28, 33. If this be so, it is 
a further proof, if proof were still needed, of the descent 
of the Gresleys from Nigel de Stafford. 

The evidence so far brings before us a man possessing 
considerable property in Derbyshire, Staffordshire and 
Leicestershire, partly as lord, partly as tenant of Henry de 
Ferrers, Richard Forestarius, the Bishop of Chester and 



The Devil of Drakeloive 



Ralph fitz-Hubert. Of Robert de Stafford, who holds still Chap. ii. 
larger estates near to Nigel, chiefly in Staffordshire, he is 
in no case a tenant i'. No other Nigel occurs in the Domes- i- See how- 
day record of the three counties, and a considerable number loc^i.^o 
of the holdings reappear in the hands of the Gresley family g^'^'^'j^™'"''' 
a generation or two later, the first Gresley being confessedly 
a fitz-Nigel. 

The name of Nigel's wife is not known, even traditionally. 
His children were: — 

1. William fitz-Nigel de Gresley, see p. 24. 

2. Nicholas fitz-Nigel de Gresley, who married Margaret, see below. 

Before 1149 he founded the Priory of Black or Austin canons at Calwich "■ ■■ Dugd. Moi 

in the parish of Ellastone in Staffordshire : and before 1167 Kenilworth ^^- ■^"'^' ^'• 

Abbey received ■■ that Priory and its lands 'ex dono Nicholai filii Nigelli 

et Margaretse uxoris suse ' : Margaret is known to have been the ward ^ ' Dugd. 

of Geoffrey de Clinton the founder of Kenilworth abbey. Margaret also 

gave the church of Longford * as of her own patrimony to Kenilworth t p ^ ^ ^^^^ 

('Margareta uxor Nicholai filii Nigelli'), and confirmed it by a formal vi. 224.' 

deed because ' Dominus meus Nicholas' her husband had disturbed the 

monks in their possession of it : and finally her husband ' Nicholaus 

de Greseleia'' with the consent of his brother William and his wife 

Margaret and for the soul of his father Nigel confirmed his wife's grant. 

Nicholas must have died soon after, for we find his widow with a son 

William in a deed" of about 1160-70 (Eyton thinks 1166). Another son " Tutbury 

Simon occurs as a witness in a deed already quoted'. The further S.^'^'"'p'"| 

succession will be found in the pedigree of Staflbrd. This branch of Camb. libr., 

the Stafford line soon abandoned the name of de Gresley and assumed charter 250, 

that of de Longford ^, Longford having come to Nicholas through his P- 99- 

wife Margaret de Bubendon (an old name of part of Longford). Nicholas ' Derb. 

had a daughter Felicia " who married Rogerus Duredent. Chetham Soc. 

3. A daughter, a nun (?) at Elstow, see above. xhi. ns.Bodl. 
■^ ^ ^ ' MS. Dodsw. 



Warw. 2nd 
239- 



IXXXl 



The Devil of Drakelowe. l^^w^. 

One single narrative, part legendary, part historical, has 43'- 
preserved some notice of Drakelowe in the years im- 
mediately following the Great Survey. Dugdale in his 
Monasticon Anglicanum "^ quotes the Chronica Abbatum ^ ej ^\y^^^ 
de Burton (a sixteenth-century MS.?), which testifies to BodV'Ms. 
a common saying 'The Devill of Drakelowe,' and states Dugd. F. i, 
that it arose from a story of two Stapenhill rustics who fled 
from the abbot of Burton to Roger the Poitevin, and for 



The Gresleys of Drakelozve 



Chap. II. their faithlessness brought down the vengeance of Mod- 

wenna the patron saint of Burton Abbey. The Chronicle 

also states that this was during the abbacy of Galfridus 

de Mala Terra, who was abbot in 1085-94, so that in all 

probability the miracle or ghost story belongs to about 

1090-94, when Drakelowe was held by Roger for the second 

» see pp. 32- timey. The only surviving narrative of the event is the 

^' Tractatus de Miraculis which follows the Life of St. Mod- 

» Brit. Miis. wenna "^ written by Gaufridus who was abbot of Burton from 

i5Biv°''foi. 1 1 14-51 ^nd may well have been a contemporary witness. 

^T- The Life of the same saint by Concubranus, which has been 

» Acta Sane- printed % has no mention of it, nor the brief printed Annals 

torumjuly.ii. ^f Burton. 

The tractate states that two villeins who lived at 
Stapenhill under the jurisdiction of the abbot of Burton fled 
'ad uillam proximam que Drachelawa dicitur, relinquentes 
inique dominos suos monachos et manere cupientes sub 
potestate Rogerii Comitis qui Pictauensis cognominabatur.' 
The abbey officers promptly seized the corn which was to 
have been given out to the delinquents, who meanwhile told 
the Count so mendacious a story, as the chronicle says, that 
he threatened the abbot, seized all the corn at Stapenhill, 
and sent soldiers to the abbey lands at Blakepol, who 
challenged the abbot's ten soldiers to fight. The abbot 
rushed to St. Modwenna's shrine, while his ten retainers, 
against orders, sallied forth and fought sixty of the count's 
followers including the 'dapifer Comitis,' with varying 
results. The day after the two refugees were seized with 
illness, died, and were buried the next morning at Stapenhill 
in wooden coffins (archae ligneae). Then followed a terrible 
scene. That same evening before sunset the figures of these 
two were seen bearing their coffins in fantastic fashion on 
their shoulders and rushing about the paths and fields at 
Drakelowe, assuming the appearance of bears or hounds or 
other animals. This continued all night, and the position 
became intolerable when these creatures began to bang their 
coffins against the walls of the houses, crying, ' Forward, 



The Devil of Drakelowe 23 

forward with haste, bestir yourselves and come.' Every 
evening and every night this happened, till, to cap everything, 
an epidemic seized the place and nearly everybody died, 
except two rustics and Drogo the Count's bailiff. The 
Count went in penitence to the abbot, and made full 
restitution, but the Saint was not so easily pacified as her 
Abbot. The two rustics themselves fell ill, and some 
neighbours, still in deadly fright of the nocturnal visitants, 
exhumed the bodies of the two original refugees, bore off 
their hearts ' ad collem qui Dodefreseford nuncupatur,' and 
burnt them there. Just when this was completed an evil 
spirit in the shape of a flying crow was seen to emerge from 
the flames. This was no doubt the Devil of Drakelowe, and 
his appearance sent every one into ecstasies of fright. Even 
the two rustics, as soon as they saw the smoke of the fire, 
suddenly found themselves quite well enough to rise from 
their sick beds and flee with wives and children, bag and 
baggage, ' ad uillam proximam que Greseleia dicitur.' Thus 
was Drakelowe utterly depopulated, and remained so for 
a long time, such fear was there of the wrath of St. Modwenna 
and such wonder at the miracles wrought for her sake. 

So runs the legend, and we can see through it with some 
certitude a quarrel between Roger the Poitevin and the 
Abbot of Burton, an encounter between their retainers, and 
an epidemic disease which shortly after depopulated Drake- 
lowe and caused a migration of rich and poor to Gresley — 
a circumstance which probably caused the name of Gresley 
instead of Drakelowe to be attached to the family commemo- 
rated in the present volume. We seem to recover old place- 
names in Blakepol and Dodefreseford Hill : but they cannot 
at present be identified. 

An article on ' S. IVIodwen and "The Devill of Drakelow'" 
will be found in the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural 
History Society s Journal, vol. xvii. (1895), p. 49 : and one on 
the excavation of an Anglo-Saxon (pagan) cemetery at 
Stapenhill in the Burton-on-Trent Natural History and 
Archaeological Society's Transactions, vol. i. (1889), p. 156. 



CHAPTER III 



THE EARLY GRESLEYS 



The century and a half after the Domesday Survey of 1086 
is the darkest of all the bj'ways which the genealogist has to 
tread. The first kind of public document which he finds to 
hand after losing the light of the Survey is the series of 
Pipe Rolls, the earliest of which is perhaps of the year 
1 129-30 : but the interval of forty years and much of the 
succeeding century are only to be studied in monastic charters 
or chronicles of the time. It must not be wondered at, 
therefore, if the first few Gresleys are shadowy personages, 
the dates of whose birth and death are unrecorded and of 
whom no personal traits are preserved. It will therefore be 
well in these early pages to give the precise name or title 
which occurs in a document quoted, whether ' de Greseleia,' 
' fitz Nigel ' or the like : so that, when the writer has to 
assume for the time the identity of a 'de Gresley' with 
a ' fitz Nigel,' it will be at once recognized by the reader as 
an assumption, until such time as the accumulation of 
evidence translates it into a fact. 

William fitz Nigel de Gresley. 
(occ. 1 129, d. 1 166?) 
The earliest Gresley bore the name of William. No 
account whatever has come down to us of the reason for his 
assumption of that surname, although we have seen that 
it was perhaps naturally due to the depopulation of 
Drakelowe, and the migration of its inhabitants to Gresley. 
The village itself (now divided into Church Gresley 



William fitz Nigel de Gresley (i) 25 

and Castle Gresley, both in Derbyshire) is about four Chap, hi. 
miles S.E. of Burton-on-Trent and three miles E.S.E. of 
Drakelowe, about halfway between Swadlincote and Linton, 
two neighbouring manors of Nigel de Stafford mentioned 
in Domesday. It may be noted that the Greasley in Notting- 
hamshire is about twenty-two miles N.E. of Burton and is 
throughout this book distinguished by the a in its first 
syllable. 

Almost the only definite dated fact about William de 
Gresley is the following entry in the earliest Pipe Roll (1129- 
30) under Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire, ' Willelmus de 
Griseleia reddit compotum de x marcis argenti pro conuen- 
tione de terra inter eum & Radulphum Barret. In thesauro xl s 
et debet vij marcas argenti.' Nothing more is known of this 
transaction, which may relate to land in Kingsley, but Barret 
is undoubtedly an error for, or phonetic variety of, Basset. 

There is however an earlier mention of him, in a Leicester- 
shire survey, recently discovered by Mr. J. H. Round* in » Feudal Eng- 
the Public Record Office, and dated by him as between '^"d- ?• =°°- 
1 124 and 1 129, 'Hundred de Dichesword. In Widesers iij 
carucatae Willelmi de Greseleia. Idem in Lintona j carucata.' 
Both these were held by Nigel de Stafford in 1086. 

William also appears as a witness to several deeds, as 
(i) to the foundation deed*" of Trentham abbey by Ralph de '' Dugd. iwon., 
Gernon Earl of Chester, between 1142 and 1154 executed 39,. '^'^'" 
'apud Greselegam' ('Willielmus de Gresele'): (2) to the 
deed of gift" from Enisanus and Ernaldus to Kenilworth ibid. vi. 232. 
abbey of the church of Stane (' Willielmus de Greseleia ') : 
(3) to a notification* of a sale by Ralph de Seile, in about <« Gres. Ch.3: 
1 166 (' Willelmus de Gresele '). p.^'e; ^''"''"'• 

Willelmus de Gresele also confirmed " to Robert fitz = Gres. 
Abraham twelve acres of ground which Robert's father held p.'is!" ' 
of William's father 'in villa de Gresele.' Among the 
witnesses to this is Reginald prior of Gresley. This is 
important for if William de Gresley be proved to be the son 
of Nigel de Stafford, this deed proves that the latter held 
land in Gresley itself. 



Charti 
p. 36. 



26 The Grcslcys of Drakclowc 

Chap. III. A ' Willielmus de Greilli' is witness to a deed of 
Ralph de Gernon Earl of Chester {d. 1153) giving land to 
St. Werburgh's at Chester : the deed was dated ' apud 
Greselegam,' and is printed in Dugd. Mon. ii. 388 (ed. Ellis). 
The spelling ' Greilli ' is a solitary instance of confusion 
between the families of Grelly and Gresley at this early 
date. 

So far we have found William de Gresley as a landowner 
in Gresley and living at least in 1129 and 1142: we must 
now connect him with the Ferrers tenant William fitz Nigel. 
' Brit. Mus. This can be done by means of a deed ' of June 6, 1325, in 
667i.fo1!^35: which Geoffrey de Gresley describes himself as 'filz et heir 
monsieur Pieres de Greseleie et cousin et heir Willame 
fiz Nel de Greseleie foundour de la Priore de Seont Jorge de 
Greseleie,' and grants to the priory certain privileges. Now 
Geoffrey here asserts in the presence of the prior and 
convent that the founder of Gresley priory was William fitz 
Nigel (Neel) de Gresley «. It is impossible that he could 
have stated this had it been false, or that the convent did 
not know who their own founder was : so we may assume 
that William de Gresley was a son of Nigel. Nigel de 
Stafford is the person to whom all these converging pre- 
sumptions point, so that on the whole we may feel secure 
in affirming that the relationship of Nigel de Stafford and 
William fitz Nigel de Gresley was that of father and son. 

It is usually stated that William de Gresley also founded 
the Castle of Greslej', of which the old central earthwork 
in the shape of a mound still exists, but though this is 
probable no distinct mention of a castle is found till 1268 
when a mill in Castle Gresley "^ (molendinum de Castro 
Gresel') is mentioned: in 1300-1 land in 'Castel Gresley'' 
is also recorded. 

Now that we know that William de Gresley was William 
fitz Nigel, we may identify him without any doubt with 
the witness of those names in the deed^ by which Robert 
Earl of Ferrers founded Merevale abbey in 1 148-9. It is 
practically certain also that he is referred to in the important 



William fitz Nigel de Gresley (i) 27 

statement which is found in the Liber Niger Scaccarii'^, that Chap. hi. 
Wilham fitz Nigel held four knight's fees of the Earl of ^ r "^pi^. 
Ferrers, and that Robert his son then held them. William i. 336 (ad. 

I 160-66), cf. 

fitz Nigel (de Gresley) is witness in 1150-52 to a deed' of j.h Round's 

Walter Bp. of Coventry : but probably died not later than j.^^^,^ p_ ^^^ 

1 166, as his son held his father's knight's fees in that ' SaitSoc.iii. 

I. 183-4. 
year. m i„ about 

William's wife is traditionally stated to have borne the ^^-3°^"'^'^ 

name of Elena, but there is no proof of this, and the earliest Woiferstan 

mention of the name at present found is the pedigree entitled so''c.'iv.'i'.'' 

' Greseleiorum stemma antiquissima ' [sic), composed in 1583. ^°^- ^^^ 

Their issue was : — stair, pp. 53, 

80-1. 87 9: 

1. Robert, see p. 29. 'lie Stone 

Chartulary 

2. Engenulph de Gresley, who is directly stated to be Robert's and 
brother in an exchange deed ■" between the two. He made an important Harwood's 
marriage by weddmg AHna, daughter" and heiress of Robert fitz-Orm gj^jj- ^^'g j^. 
(or de Buckenhall") and Mabiha de Perpunt, which Robert was son of accurate. See 
Orm le Guidon de Derlaveston. who married a daughter of Nicholaus also Ward's 
the Domesday sherifTof Staffordshire. This brought Darlaston into the Xi-enfApp. 
family, and also land in and near Tunstall p. Alina, also found as Edelina, p. Ivi, cf. p. 
Alicia and Elena, survived her husband 1, but he was alive in about 1166 54°- 

when he occurs as holding 5 of a knight's fee under Robert de Stafford \^^^ g ' 
grandson of the Robert of Domesday. Engenulph had only one son, p. 227. 
Robert de Gresley, who died without issue after 1204 (see p. 30) ; and '■ Plac. de 
his two daughters Dionysia and Petronilla became his heirs. It is ^"° \{^'^'^',, 
nearly certain that he had a third daughter Hawisia, but it appears to be stoke, App. 
just possible that she was Robert's wife and daughter of 'Havvisius' p. iii. 
or Hugh de Burstal, for (i) she is never called, as Dionysia and ^ B"t. Mus. 
Petronilla often are, daughter of Engenulph, and (2) in no other way y^^' "^'°" 
can I explain the deed of John de Evington found on p. 7 of the Gresley fol. 5. 
Chartulary, by which he gives to Hawisia formerly wife of Robert >• Fines ii. 31: 
de Gresley land in Thurmaston near Leicester near a pond of Havvisius ^^- Salt Soc. 
de Burstale her father (called Hugo de Burstale in a pedigree on the , c ',. », ' . 
same page of the Chartulary). If this be true, Robert must have died j. .j_,o. 
before 1208, for before November in that year she married Henry ' Salt Soc. v. 
de Verdun ''. Of Dionysia, lady of Darlaston (as of Petronilla her sister) i- 13 : Gresl. 
there are several deeds extant', and, probably after 1208'', she married ^ s^lt"s^' ' 
Stephen de Wiverston ', and was alive in 1227" with a son Henry. j. ge. 

It is possible that Petronilla married as her first husband Adam » Stoke on 
de Audley (Aldithele), as Ward' asserts, for in a list of Adam's son Trent 541. 
Henry's lands in 1226-7^ occur Tunstall. Chaterlege, Chelle and North- " Bodl. MS. 

. ■ , T- ,1 , . ■ ■,- , , ., • r Dodsw. n.67', 

mancote as given hmi by Engenulph and his wife, but there is no proof jj^ v ^f_ 

of the marriage, and certainly in 1208' Petronilla was already married, cxii. 44'. 



28 



The Greslcys of Drakeloive 



Chap. III. to Robert de Suggenhall, and both were alive in 15 Hen. 3" (1230-1). 
John an illegitimate son of Alina is also mentioned y. For the descen- 
dants of Hawisia and Dionysia, see Brit. Mus. MS. Cotton Vesp. E. 24, 
fol. 15' : Petronilla probably had no children by Robert. For another 
Engenulph de Gresley of this time, see below : and for an Audley pedigree 
see Bodl. MS. Ashm. 1107, p. 244, from Dugdale, and note in ped. ii (p. 224). 



' Bodl. MS. 
Llodsw. xcvi, 
fol. 32 V. 
y Brit. Mus. 
MS. Cotton 
Vcsp. E. 24, 
foil. 5, 7 ^- : 
Salt See. V. I. 
13, vi. I. 8, 9, 
14. 

^ Gresl. 
Charters 2. 
4-7 : Salt Soc. 
iii. 2. 87: 
Dcrb. Visitn. 
of i6ii : 
Diigd. Mon. 
vi. 809=^ Rett. 
Londin. p. 16, 
cf. Nichols 
Leic. iv. 633. 
" Eyton in 
Brit. Mus. MS. 
Add. 31940. 
li Derb.Arch. 
Soc. viii. 138, 
of. Feud. 
Derb. i. 122. 
•^ Gresl. 
Chartul. pp. 
15. 29- 
■< Brit. Mus. 
MS. Add. 
31940, fol. 

<• Derb. Chh. 
iii. 387. 
' Gresl. 

ters 3-7 : 



Br: 



Ml 



Wolley 
Charter x. 21, 
cf. Gresl. 
Chartul. p. 22. 
e Endorse- 
ment ol Gresl. 
Charter 4. 
•• Feud. Dcrb. 



figured in 
Jeaycs pi. i. 
J Salt Soc. iv 
I. 114. 
■■ Gresl. 
Charters ;fac 



Jcayes). 



3. Nigel de Gresley. Nigel and his three next brothers are proved 
by their appearance as witnesses to a deed between their two elder 
brothers quoted above (note ™, p. 27). The Nigel de Gresley recorded 
in the Pipe Rolls of 1171, 1172, 1189 and 1202 as holding land in 
the honour of Lancaster (the place is given as 'in Drakelawa' at the 
last two dates) is in all probability Nigel de Staftbrd, his name being 
continued long after his death : see more at p. 33. 

4. Henry de Gresley ^ or de Wetmore =■ occurs in about 1177-8, in one 
case as a knight •• under the Earl of Derby. 

5. William may be the William de Gresley who was rector of Lul- 
lington<=. He was dead in 1168 according to Eyton* and Cox «. 

6. Ralph de Gresley f or de Hethres granted land in Seile, Hether 
and Ravenstone, and was married. He paid scutage in 1204-5''. His 
seal occurs on two deeds now at Drakelowe'. I know of no other 
Ralph de Gresley who can be referred to in a Plea Roll of (probably) 
33 Hen. 3 (1248-9) J. There a Margaret, who had married first Ralph 
de Gresley and secondly Ralph Grim, sues William de Gresley son 
of Geofirey on behalf of a son John (by Ralph) under age, about the 
manor of Hethcote which Geoffrey had given to John's ancestors. 

7. 8. Sisters are mentioned in a notification to the Bp. of Lincoln 
of a grant'' by Ralph de Gresley 'omnium fratrum meorum & 
sororum '). 



Engenulph de Gresley, &c. 

It may be worth while at this point to introduce some 
notice of another family of Gresleys which cannot at present 
be connected with the main line of the family. 

In the Gresley Chartulary at p. 6 is the following pedigree. 
Paganus de Gresley had a son Richard de Gresley, who had 
a son Ingenulphus de Gresley (who married Letitia), and 
two daughters, Agatha (married to Radulphus Grime), and 
Juliana wife of Robert le Spencer (' Dispensator '). Richard 
may have had two other sons Richard and Robert who 



Robert dc Gresley (ii) 29 

appear as witnesses to deeds of William and Robert de Chap. hi. 
Gresley. The pedigree above is probably based on two 
deeds at p. 27 of the Chartulary (one about land at Drake- 
lowe), and Robert Dispensarius de Gresley (Priory ?) occurs 
in Gresley Charter 66. The date of the last of the three 
generations is clearly about a.d. 1320. Engenulph is a rare 
name, but shared by both these Gresley families and by the 
Ferrers, their close associates. 

There is also a mysterious Reginald de Gresley connected 
by marriage with the Boyleston family, of whom something 
must be said. The cardinal document is a memorandum ' ' Sait Soc. 
on fol. 2 of the Ridware Chartulary, which proves that ^^'=^57-8. 
Thomas lord of Boyleston and of Draycote-under-Needwood 
(which latter he held under the Earl of Ferrers) had a daughter 
Hawisia who married firstly 'J.' (almost certainly an error 
for ' R.' = Reginald) de Gresley and secondly Ralph Pecche. 
By her first husband she had a son Reginald, called de 
Boyleston or de Gresley, who died without children, and 
by her second a son Nicholas. The first Reginald is found 
in about 1162-67", and the second in 1192-94°. The follow- "> R. s. xcix. 
ing references corroborate the above: — Brit. Mus. Harl. Feud 'Deri!"'' 
Charter in. F. 59, and Wolley Charter X. 20 and 21: i^- 288 : Gresi. 
Nichols Lcic. iii. 982*, Cox Dab. Chli. iii. 15, Rott. Cur. „ e. Shirley's 
Rep. i. 100, and the Liber Nipcr Scaccarii, which states that stemm Shiri 

*» ^i I App. p. 8, 2ud 

the first Reginald held two knight's fees of the Earl Ferrers, ed. p. 348: 

Salt Soc. iii. 



Robert de Gresley 11 

(occ. ii66-abt. 1183.) i 263 ('rcT' 

Bk. of Exch.) ; 

Of this Robert nothing of importance is recorded : his Sait Soc. i. 
name is found from 1166 till about 1183. At the former ?B/ack?Bk. nf 

.„ „ PR.S.xcix. 

Coventry in Morton, Tamhorn and Wolseley, and also '• 336. 
holds four knight's feesP in the Ferrers Derbyshire fief, charter 2 
as his father William Fitz-Nigel had done in the time of Lj, aSt''' 
Henry i. There is also a grant to him from the abbot Soc. v r. 40), 

Eyton Stall. 

and convent of Burton 1 of Darlaston, not before 1167: 3i-2. 



30 The Gresleys of Drakeloive 

Chap. III. and ati interesting deed consisting of a quit-claim' to him 



Gresl. 



by William Earl of Ferrers of the service of one knight to 
chartui. p. 22, wit of Hcthdra and Ravenst(one), which Ralph, brother 

Bodl. MS. r T-v 1 1 . 1 r , T- , , T^ , , • 

Dodsw. xcvi. 01 Robert, held oi the had, so that Robert s service was 

MS.^Hari.'*^"^' Tcduccd to three knights instead of four. General Wrottesley 

o ^V"?!' n'V <^onsiders this to be a very unusual deed, perhaps evidencing 

MS. H. 5, a quarrel between the two brothers, but may it not rather 

nouake effect. ^6 a case of sub-infeudatiou ? An exchange deed between 

him and his younger brother Engenulph (' Ingold ') by which 

the former gave land in Swadlincote (Derb.), Kingsley and 

Bredley (both Staff.) for land in Morton (Staff.) has been 

• note", p. 27. mentioned^: it was produced in evidence at the Staffordshire 

assizes of 127I. 

There has been considerable confusion hitherto between 
this Robert and his nephew Robert de Gresley son of 
Engenulph. There is so little direct evidence for Enge- 
nulph's son that it is worth while to go into detail. It is 
seemingly certain that the Robert de Gresley of the elder 
branch died in or before 1184, and that his son William 
succeeded him in about that year, see p. 32. Yet it is 
absolutely certain that a Robert de Gresley is found in 
various deeds up to 1204. No other Robert is known 
except the traditional son of Engenulph who has probably 
dropped out of sight because, he having no issue, his 
sisters and widow were co-heirs and inherited the property. 
The point shows itself even in the Gresley Chartulary, for 
the pedigree on p. 7 inserts a whole generation between 
Robert son of William and his son William, namely a 
Robert who married ' Havisia filia Hugonis de Burstale.' 
This latter fact is no doubt based on the deed of John 

♦ p. 27. de Evington mentioned above '. 

We have then to distinguish between two Robert de 

Gresleys. The deeds above mentioned are certainly rightly 

assigned to the two respectively, and the Robert de Gresley 

° Feud. Derb. who was by Writ excused a scutage in 1204-5" in the honour 

' ^" of Peverell was presumably Engenulph's son, while the 

Robert de Gresle}' who accounted with others for five 



Robert de Grcsley (ii) 



marks for the duel of the Earl of Ferrers" in 1176-7 was no Chap, hi. 
doubt the other. But some ambiguous references remain "^i v peud. Derb. 
and one of difficulty. In 1210=' among the ' Prestita facta '■'"■, „^ 

" Bodi. Mb. 

[money advanced] militibus apud Grenoc occurs Robert oodsw. xcvi, 
de Gresley (cs.) : this may however be a repeated record of !°|'^ foi."i34': 



19, &c. 
Lib. Rolls, 



an unusual confusion of names the reference is to a Robert 

de Grelly, see App. D. And this may account for the p ''^^■ 

Robertus Gresle who occurs in scutage rolls of 1220-21 ^ ' Bodi. MS. 

r I <-> r 1 Dodsw. ciii, 

and of 1221-22 ^ There is a curious story at fol. 98 of the p. 53. 
Burton Chartulary" which conceivably relates to this Robert. 'Genealogist 
One Wakelin de Winterton acquired from Ralph de Caldwell „ g^^ g^,^' ^_ 
his manor of Caldwell, but, as far as can be gathered from '• ^9 : Derb. 

' ' ... Arch. Soc. vn. 

the discoloured record, did not actually gain possession, until 143. See 

by the help of ' Dominus Robertus de Greyseley,' to whom p°75^to which 

Wakelin promised 40s. for his assistance, Ralph was turned Pj^|j^g||j'^ 

out : nevertheless Ralph was subsequently allowed by should pro- 

Wakelin to be tenant of Caldwell for life. However, transferred. 
Wakelin refused to pay the 40s. and Robert thereupon 
killed him (' per eundem Robertum occisus est' Waclynus). 

That Robert's wife's name was Basilia is certain from a 

deed already mentioned*'. Their children were : — " note^.p.a?. 

1. William, see p. 32. 

2. Henry, who occurs as a witness (' Henricus filius Robert! de 
Greseleia') to a deed'> by his father. He had a son Nicholas de Norton ^ Gresl. 

to whom (as Nicholaiis filius Henrici de Gresley) the abbot of Burton Chartul. p. 15. 

at some date between 1188 and 1197 granted*^ land in Withmere jure c Salt Soc. v. 

hereditario, as his father held it. There is also a deedii by which i. 43- 

Nicholaus de Norton filius Henrici de Gresley gives to his son Roger ^ Ibid. 45. 
de Norton, then engaged to be married, the land in Withmere which 
Nicholas had previously given with his daughter Cecilia's hand to 
Ralph de Roucester, for a rent of 4s. 2d. a year. At a later date, in 1309, 

a 'Henricus de Norton Gresleye' was ordained' priest at Colwich upon • Lichf. Episc. 

his patrimonial title and by letters dimissory from the Bp. of Lincoln. ^'^S- '• '°9- 

3. Nicholas de Gresley is mentioned in one pedigree' (which omits ' Gresl. 
Henry) as a son of Robert de Gresley, but is probably a reference to Chartul. p. 5. 
Robert's grandson, if not a simple mistake. 



32 The Gresleys of Drakeloive 

Chap. III. 

William de Gresley. 

(occ. 1 184-1220.) 

Even with the second WiUiam de Gresley we hardly 

emerge into a clearer light, the records about him being 

still inconsiderable. He nowhere seems to call himself 

definitely William son of Robert, but in the Pipe Roll for 

Warwickshire and Leicestershire in 1 183-4 we find that 

' Willelmus de Greselea reddit computum de xxx marcis 

pro habenda terra patris sui, tarn de feodo comitis Cestrie 

quam de feodo episcopi Cestriensis ' and no other William 

de Gresley is known to have been alive at that time, while 

the entry appears to give the date of Robert's death. His 

close connexion with the Ferrers family and his frequent 

title Dominus de Lullington are among the presumptions 

which lead one to feel sure of the parentage of this William. 

He is concerned also in a dispute about the advowson of 

B Placita Kingston 8, the church which William fitz Nigel certainly 

Sai"s™c.^iii. owned, and which William states that his grandfather 

cf.l^-as^'^See William did own. The deeds in which he occurs as 

also Testa de a witncss range from 1194'' to 1220'. One, undated, 

appears to bear his seal: it is a grant •" by him of land at 

Wetley (Heteleia), and the seal bears the legend + sigill' 

wiLLELMi DE GRESLEiA, round a knight on horseback with 

j Brit. Mus. drawn sword (Birch's Catal. of Brit. Mus. Seals no. 6076, 

Woiiey Ch. V. , g^jj-j^ j^th Cent.'). This is the first Gresley seal of the main 

line, but two damaged ones of William's uncle Ralph de 

' Gresi. Gresley are at Drakelowe ^. 

ffacs'tn ^' ^ There is an important set of deeds connecting this William 
jeajes). with Drakclowe. We have seen that in about 1090-94 

a pestilence occurred at Drakelowe and drove nearly all 
its inhabitants to Gresley, and it appears probable that 
Nigel's son William lived at Gresley in consequence, and 
built the Castle there. But the actual history of Drakelowe 
between Nigel's time and 1200 is matter of conjecture. It 
was perhaps always part of the great Lancaster fief, which 
was soon after 1066 in the hands of Roger the Poitevin, but 



49. 51- 
» Salt Soc 
I. a8. 
Ibid. 



IVilliam de Gresley (iii) 33 

at some time before 1086' was temporarily escheated to the Chap. hi. 
Crown, which granted Drakelowe to Nigel de Stafford in or 
before that year. Roger again held it from about 1090 until day Survey. 
he was expelled from England in 1103 for complicity in the 
rising of his brother Robert de Belesme. The whole fief 
was then finally forfeited to the Crown, and Henry i gave 
it ™ to his nephew Stephen of Blois : and he when King "■ see at foot, 
presented it to Ralph de Gernon Earl of Chester, who as 
we have seen dates one of his deeds 'apud Greselegam.' 
At the accession of Henry ii (1154) the fief again reverted 
to the Crown. But these vicissitudes in the history of the 
Honour of Lancaster do not preclude the idea of a tenancy 
by the Gresleys. And in the Pipe Rolls of 1170-71, 1171-72, 
1 188 89 and 1201-2 certain lands in the fief are held by 
a Nigel de Gresley, and these lands are known from the 
later references to be Drakelowe, which seems to have been 
in or before 1188 granted out of the corpus of the Honour 
by the King. This Nigel seems to have been Nigel" de -seepp. 18,28. 
Stafford, the name of the original tenant being often continued 
long after his death, in this section of the Pipe Rolls. In these 
Pipe-roll entries Nigel's name is given in juxtaposition with 
that of a William fitz Walkelin, who was of Duston in North- 
amptonshire, but Walkelin is also a Ferrers name and 
unusual outside that family. A Walkelin was brother of 
William Earl Ferrers {d. 1191) and is said to have married a 
De Toeni, and that very Earl's son William (Earl Ferrers, 
d. 1247) did in 1192 marry Agnes a grand-daughter and 
heiress of Ralph de Gernon Earl of Chester. In this way 
we find the Ferrers family brought near to Drakelowe and 
Gresley, and we are thus prepared for the set of deeds 
referred to above. 

The one dated deed is a royal grant of March 17, 1205°, ° Rymer's 
confirming to William de Ferrers Earl of Derby and to his (Lond. 1816) 
heirs ' servitium Willielmi de Greseleia et heredum suorum Londim 02': 

" This transference took place in about 1114-1116, at which date the Honour of jj_ 
Lancaster probably came into existence. Since the later Pipe Rolls seem to imply 
that Drakelowe was confirmed to Nigel de Stafford as part of that Honour, it would 
seem probable that Nigel lived till at least about a. d. 1115. (Gen. Wrottesley.) 



34 



The Gresleys of Drakelozve 



P Testa de 
Neville pp. 
17. 18, 400 
( Feud. Derb. 
i. 401, 409:: 
Bnt. Mus. 
MS. Hai-1. 
6671, fol. 33 : 
R. S. xcix. ii. 
566, 571, 587. 
« Salt Soc. iv. 
II. 

' Brit. Mus. 
MS. Cotton 
Calig. A. viii : 
cf. Bodl. MS. 
Dugd. 39, fol. 
12: Pegges 
Beauchief 
Abbey (iSoi) 
p. 186: 
Hearne's 
Chron. Joh. 

(1726) ii. 562. 

" Leic. iii. 

1009*. 

' Cox, Derb. 

Chh. iii. 388. 

" Surrey 

Arch. Ass. 

Extr. vol. i. 

10. 

« Gresl. 

Charter 73 : 

Gresl. 

Chartul. pp. 

" Gresl. 
Chartul. p. 30. 
' Brit. Mus. 
MS. Eg. 996, 
fol. 78 : Bodl. 
MS. Dodsw. 

34 : 'staff. 

Visit". 

» Fine Rolls 

ii. 90, cf. 

Bodl MS. 

Dodsw. XV, 

fol. 396'. 



de terra de Drakelawe, quam de nobis tenuit idem Williel- 
mus, per liberum servitium unius arcus et unius pharetre et 
duodecim sagittarum per annum.' Here is evidence that 
William de Gresley held Drakelowe of King John by the 
service of a bow, quiver and twelve arrows 3'earty, and that 
in 1201 the Earl of Ferrers appears as mesne Lord holding 
Drakelowe in capite of the King and sub-granting it to 
William de Gresley, to be held b}^ the same service. 

Round this dated deed are grouped other records, some 
dated, some undated, which show^ that the Earl held the 
land of the King by the same service as that by which 
William held it of the Earl, that Drakelowe was of the 
Honour of Lancaster, that the bow was to be without 
string, the quiver of Tutbury or Lancaster make (Tutbury 
being the Earl's chief seat), the arrows feathered, that 
'i bozo' (broad-headed shaft) was also required: and that 
this arrangement was in force till 1217-18 at least. The last 
mention of William de Gresley is in April 12201 as one of 
twelve jurymen summoned at Lichfield. 

The name of William de Gresley's wife Basilia is certain 
(unless there be an error in the original record) from the 
Calendar of the Praemonstratensian Abbey of Beauchief^ 
which has come down to us. There, opposite July 26 
(vii Kal. Aug.), occurs ' Commemoratio Basille matris Galfridi 
de Gresely ' : and of no other Geoffrey but this William's 
son could the mother's name have been Basilia or Basilia. 
Nichols'' notes that the two Basilias need corroboration, 
but unless matris be used loosely for aviae, both are proved 
satisfactorily. The one here commemorated was probably 
a benefactress to the abbey. Their issue was :^ 

1. Geoffrey de Gresley, see p. 35. 

2. Henry de Gresley. rector of Lullington in about 1225', whose wife 
may possibly have been named Alice ", and who certainly had two sons 
Geoftrey and Henry both de Lullington ''. 

3. Agatha, once called Agnes", who married Geoffrey de Bee". 

4. Alice who married Richard fitz Gilbert ^ She probably survived 
her husband, for in 1250? Geoffrey de E verle has the custody of her lands. 

For a supposed William see p. 38, n. ^. 



Geoffrey dc Greslcy (iv) 



Gecffrey de Gresley. IV 

(occ. 1210-1240.) 

The name Geoffrey first appears with this de Gresley, 
and may some day be a clue or corroboration when his 
mother's family is known, for neither the De Toenis nor 
Staffords nor Ferrers exhibit it, while other distinctive 
names such as Engenulph and Petronilla are apparently 
from the last-named family. The eldest grandson of the 
present Geoffrey bore the name, and also his grandson, but 
from 1440 to 1740 it does not occur again. 

Geoffrey was clearly a person of distinction and high in 
the esteem of William Earl Ferrers, who in 1192 married 
Agnes the sister and co-heir of Ranulph Earl of Chester, 
and who through her received large estates between the 
Ribble and the Mersey which had belonged to her father. 
It will be remembered that that Earl of Chester was 
connected with Gresley, and his daughter's name perhaps 
suggested that of the prioress of Gresley (see below, p. 36). 

The first mention of Geoffrey is in the Praestita Roll ^ of ' Lib. Rott. 
1210, when among the sums of money advanced (praestita 223.^°^' ^'°' 
facta) to the knights in Ireland where King John was 
conducting a campaign, are sums of fifty marks, forty, and 
sixty, advanced to the Earl Ferrers and delivered over 
(for transfer to the Earl) to Geoffrey de Gresley. In 1220 Dodsw. xxix. 
he and his wife are sued'' for trespass at Cressington foi"*'",""' 
(? = Cessington, Cossington) on the land of his wife's brother t e.g. Sait 
Roger then under age. The suit was probably connected Hisi'^Msa^' 
with a family dispute, and the offence a technical one. Comm ix. 2. 

In several undated deeds he is described as 'tunc Charter 49": 
seneschallus Comitis de Ferrariis\' showing that he was soc.vii.73i: 
Steward in the Earl's household: so also in one Plea-Roll ShaWs staff. 
dated Nov. 1227 -. I Salt soc. iv. 

In one deed he occurs among the witnesses as ' Constabu- '■ 53- 
larius de Peco'',' Constable of the Peak, or in full, Constable 27^.' 
of the Castle of the High Peak". In the year 1215 William ' Derb. Arch. 
Earl Ferrers had won Bolsover and Peak Castles from ^T,' ^^' ^°' 



36 



The Grcslevs of Draketoivc 



Chap. III. 

' Pegge's 
Bolsover and 
Peak Castle 
(1785 , p. 6: 
Derb. Arch. 
Soc. ix. 126, 
cf. xiv. 53, 
165. 

E See at foot. 
" Salt Soc. i. 
223 (Close 
Roll of 24 
Hen. 3;. 



1 Salt Soc. iv. 
I. 14. Bodl. 
MS. Dodsw., 
ut supra. 
J Gresl. 
Chartul. p. 20. 
" Leic. iii. 
651-2. 

> Camd. Soc. 
viii. p. 66. 
n> Gresl. 
Charter 99. 
" Brit. Mus. 
MS. Wolley 
Charter vi. 28, 
with the 
prioress' seal. 
» Derb. Arch. 
Soc. xii. 39 
( Derbyshire 
Fine). 
P Gresl. 
Chartul. p. 30. 
1 Brit. Mus. 
MSS. Add. 
Chart. 24712, 
Harl. Chart. 
43. D. 6. 
■• Salt Soc. 
xvi. 276. 
• Gresl. 
Chartul. p. 28. 



King John in fighting against the Barons, and in 1216 was 
made Governor (Castellanus) of Peak Castle*', an office he 
also held in at least 1217' and 1229'': and which is identical 
with that of Constable of the Peak «. 

The last mention of him is on June 19, 1240, when the 
service which he owed for Kingston is assigned to Hawisia 
Fitz-Alan"". His seal is known from Gresley Charter 
40 (see App. C), which bears the arms vaire of Gresley : 
drawings of his seal may also be seen in certain copies of 
a grant by him to Polesworth in Bodl. MSS. Dodsw. Ixv, 
p. 49 and Dugd. F. 2, p. 15, as well as in Brit. Mus. MS. 
Add. 8157, fol. 10. This is the first definite occurrence of 
the arms of the famil}', and may probably be dated in about 
1240. 

Geoffrey was twice married, first (before Easter 1220') to 
Margery^ daughter of Roger de Somervile and of his wife 
Maud lady of Cossington in Leicestershire. Their children 
were : — 

1. William, see p. 37. 

2. Agnes, prioress of Grace Dieu. This was an Austin house of nuns 
founded to the honour of the Virgin Mary and the Holy Trinity at 
Belton in Leicestershire (about ten miles west of Gresley) by Roesia 
de Verdun in about 1240. In Gresley Charter 40 we have a record that 
WiUiam gave two virgates of land, with his sister Agnes, to the church 
of the Trinity at L[a Grace Dieu.'] outside Belton, perhaps in 1240. It 
is probable that Agnes de Gresley was the first prioress, since she 
occurs in that position in 1242, according to Nichols ^ and certainly in 
about 1250', 1262™, 1269° and even 1281". The dates are however 
complicated by the fact that Nichols also states that in 1243 Grosseteste"s 
Register at Lincoln testifies that Mary de Stretton was elected prioress. 
Either Agnes was only nun in 1242, or there was a temporary vacancy 
in 1243. 

3. ' Robert de Gresley ' is perhaps only (and not quite certainly) known 
as a witness in three deeds p, two of which are of 1225 1, and in none of 
which is his parentage given. 

4. Geoffrey son of Geoffrey de Gresley occurs as a witness', and also as 
the recipient of a messuage in Donisthorp ^ It is probable that he met 



B In about 1600, when the Castle was part of the Duchy of Lancaster, the duty 
of the Constable was to attach persons committing offences against the King within 
the liberty, to keep them prisoners in the Castle, and to see that the Castle itself 
was in good condition ifleib. Arch. Soc. xv. 96). 



grees in a 
Staffordsh. 
Visitation). 



William de Gresley (v) 37 

with a violent death, for in Jan. 129^ one Reginald de Bokesworth ' had Chap. III. 

surrendered at Cambridge to stand his trial for the murder of Geofl'rej' 

'deGrisele.' « Patent Rolls 

Geoffrey's first wife may have died before 1244", for in p. 466. ' 
that year and in 1247'' one Juliana de Gresley from Leicester- j^^^"^"'^- '^• 
shire'' occurs in connexions which certainly suggest that she « ibid. 106. 
was Geoffrey's widow (at least in 1247), though the fact of Ll''''^" "V. °' 
wifehood or widowhood is not definitely stated. 

William de Gresley. V 

(occ. abt. 1240-1247.) 

The first appearance of William de Gresley is in an 
undated grant == by him, with the advice and consent of » Gresi. 
Geoffrey de Gresley his father, of two virgates of land to ^^ ^'^ *°' 
Walter Leveriz de Cossington. As there seems to be an 
allusion to Agnes as already a nun at Grace Dieu, it cannot be 
before about 1240, and is probably very nearly of that date. 
To this deed William's seal is attached, as well as his father's, 
the former y consisting of a fine fleur-de-lys encircled with y facs. in 
the legend ' + Sigill' : Wilelmi : de : Greseleg,' all in good chapters pUi.' 
preservation. 

William appears as grantor or witness in several undated 
deeds, and in dated ones ranging from 124^ to 1247": but ^ Gresi. 
an earlier mention of him is in 1242-3, when he is found 
holding one knight's fee and perhaps | of another, in 
Linton ^ : and in a later deed he is a defendant in a suit slh'socf iv. 
already mentioned (p. 28). In 1245 he grants the advowson ^- '°^- 
of Lullington to Gresley Priory. i. 445. ' 

The affair of the advowson of Kingston requires closer 
attention than any of the preceding facts. A deed printed 
in Dugdale's Monasticon " declares that William de Gresley " Dugd. Mon. 

. ed. Ellis, V. i 

son of Geoffrey de Gresley (which can only be the present 4i'i. 
William) gave to Roucester abbey certain lands in Kingston 
with the advowson of the church of Kingston, probably in Ms"HaH"^' 
about 1240, certainly not before 1229''. Yet in Aug. 1304" 3868, foi. 26'. 
the Bishop of Lichfield ratifies the appropriation of Kingston e^^c*^ R^g. i, 
to Roucester as a gift made in the time of his predecessor 'o'- ^o". 



Charter 73. 
Erdesw. 



38 



The Gresleys of Drakelozve 



Chap. III. 

« Lichf. 
Episc. Reg. i, 
fol. 26'. 
' Patent Roll 
ofSEdvv. ii, 
pars 2, 



8 Salt Soc. 
I. 132- 



!■ Nichols, 
Leic. iii. 2. 
1009 *. 

' Salt Soc. 
viii. I. 149. 



Roger (1245-57, 1257-96), and Edward ii in confirming ' the 
same implies that it was after 1279 (Statute of Mortmain), and 
as the gift was to take effect when a certain rector" died or 
resigned, who resigned in 1284, that may be taken as the 
date of the grant. Without going more into detail, the facts 
appear to be that the Advowson, but not the revenues, was 
granted in about 1240, and that the Appropriation, which 
implies that the revenues could be applied by the Abbey in 
proprios iistis, followed in 1284. 

William died before June 1254, for there is then 
a reference s to a suit earlier in that year in which Elizabeth 
widow of William de Gresley was complainant against 
Philip de Verdon about land at Kingston. 

Probably before 1245 (see p. 39) he married Elizabeth, 
daughter of John de Bakepuiz, Lord of Barton Bakepuiz, 
and Roesia his wife : and she occurs as his widow in a deed 
of June 1254, see above, and was alive in 1268-9 ^ ^^ is 
interesting to find that Bakepuiz in Normandy, from which 
this lady's family came, is quite near to Toeni. William 
received from Elizabeth's parents with their daughter a rent ' 
of 20s. from a mill at Bubington. 

Geoffrey (see below) was the only issue of this marriage of 
which we have any record : and it is with him that we enter 
at last into a wider field of records and a clearer light : it 
will be seen also that he took a more conspicuous part in the 
pubhc affairs of his time. 



VI 

J Gresl. 
Chartul. p. 20. 
' Brit. Mus. 
MS. Harl. 
945, fol. 80, 
cf. Add. 8157, 
fol. 21 ; Gresl. 
Chartul. p. 20. 
At the first 
ref. Gulielmus 
•frater Gal- 
fridi ' seems 
to be an error 
for ' pater 
Gallndi.' 



Sir Geoffrey de Gresley, Kt. 
(b. abt. 1245 : d. 1305-6.) 

The first mention of Geoffrey de Gresley is in an agree- 
ment^ between William Lord of Caldwell and Geoffrey 
Lord of Gresley in 1265-6: and in 1268'' he confirms the 
various gifts and privileges conferred by his ancestors on 
Gresley Priory. Geoffrey's father died before 1254, and 
had his son been of age it is hardly doubtful that this con- 
firmation would have occurred in the first j'ear or two 



Sir Geoffrey de Gresley (vi) 39 

of his enjoyment of his father's estates: it is a fair assump- Chap. 11 
tion then (especially as there was no change of prior at 
this period) that Geoffrey became of full age in about 1266 
and was therefore born in about 1245. 

That he was not born much later than 1245 is apparent 
from the fact that he took a full share in the Barons' War of 
1261-5, and shared in the disasters which befell them after 
the battle of Evesham, Aug. 4, 1265. He appears to have 
taken part in the wild doings of Robert Ferrers Earl of 
Derby. At any rate we find the formal record that on 
Nov. 30, 1265, the King granted to Thomas Corbet' all the ' Bodi. Me 
lands in Morton and Kingston which had belonged to p.Va. 
Geoffrey de Gresley ' inimico et rebelli nostro qui Simoni 
de Montfort . . . inimico et feloni nostro et imprisis suis 
adheserit tempore guerre que nuper in regno mota fuit.' 
By the Dictum de Kenilworth of Oct. 15, 1266, Geoffrey was 
empowered to redeem his lands by large payments, instead 
of entirely forfeiting them, and this no doubt was done both 
with the lands granted to Thomas Corbet and with Drake- 
lowe, Gresley, Lullington and Norton which had been 
granted to Peter Corbet ". Several suits arose out of these ■" Ro"- 

. Westm. 2 = 

affairs, and from one" it appears that Geoffrey had been cf Sait s& 
taken prisoner at Chartley Castle (the Earl of Derby's seat) 
by Hamon Le Strange and hurried off to Bridgenorth ul^~i. 
Castle. Escaping thence he joined Simon de Montfort at 
London and was with him at Winchester, Oxford, North- 
ampton and Kenilworth, of which latter Castle he was 
perhaps one of the heroic defenders in 1266. In that year 
the vast estates of the Ferrers were transferred to Edmund 
Plantagenet. 

With the accession of Edward i in 1272 a quieter time 
came, and we hear no more of civil struggles. But the 
rough experiences of Geoffrey's early life left their mark 
for at least two generations, and he himself seems to have 
found difficulty in settling down as a country squire. As 
early as 1269° he had been 'rioting' at Northbury, though ° ibi 
this ma}- have been more a political than a social disturbance 



Salt Soc. 



172. 



4° 



The Gresleys of Drakcloive 



Cha 



but in 1275'' he is found acting forcibly against the Abbot 
of Roucester, and in 1279-801 is sued for wounding Ralph 
Le Messer at Lullington : there are complaints against him 
also in 1279'' and 1290-92 ^ In spite of the large expenses 

wealthy landed 



P Salt Soc. vi. 
I 55- 

1 Ibid. vi. I. 
109 : at which 

also a proof of of redemption, Geoffrey must have been 

Sir G.'s pa- 
rentage. 
■■ Ibid. vi. I. 



» Ibid. vi. I. 
200, cf. 209. 
« Ibid.v. 
I. 89, &c. 

Charter 154. 
' Salt Soc. vi. 
I. 144- 

" Ibid. vi. I. 
241. cf 118 : 
Plac. de Quo 
Warr. 705. 
' Gresl. 
Chartul. p. 
20. 

' Plac. 
Westm. 263. 
« Gresl. 
Chartul. p. 31. 
' Salt Soc. i. 
153- 

' Ibid. i. 180. 
" Nichols, 
Leic. ii. 434. 
« Hundr. 
Rolls i. 59. 
' Gresl. 
Chartul. p. 31. 
f Gresl. 
Charter 

125-6, 148. 
»■ Bodl. MS. 
22099, fol. 2. 
' Gresl. 
Chartul. p. 21, 
cf. Erit. Mus. 
MS. Add. 
6671, p. 40. 
i Inqu. post 
Mort. i. 142. 
i" Leic. 
Soc. vii 



proprietor, and was Lord of at least the manors of Drakelowe', 
Norton", Morton", Kingston"', Lullington'' and Linton y, 
with property and rights in Gresley^ Wolseley*, Bromley 
Bagot*", Bilsdon'', Croxall", Colveley'', Hixon^, Seile'', Ercall 
Magna ^ Willesley', Donisthorp J, Swadlincote \ HethcoteJ 
and Okethorp K 

There is no doubt that knighthood was conferred on this 
Geoffrey de Gresley, but this cannot have been as early 
as 1270, as Nichols'' states, for in 1271-2' it is expressly 
recorded that he is of full age and holds a full knight's fee, 
but is not yet knight. It may be doubted whether Edward i 
would soon forgive the part taken against his father Henry 
iii, although Geoffrey pleaded his loyalty™ at that time. It 
was late in his life, when he was often summoned to attend 
the King for military service, that knighthood must have 
been conferred on him. We find a summons for foreign 
service in 1297°, and for Scotch service in the same year" 
and in 1298", and in 1301 *». In two parliaments he also 
represented Derbyshire (in i^JS'^^d 130P), and was more 
than once on the commission for collecting the King's 
Fifteenth in Derbyshire, in 1301-3'. At last in a Stafford- 
shire Assize Roll" of 21 Edw. i (1292-3) we find him as 
Sir Geoffrey de Gresley: again, in a Perambulation of 
Cannock and Kynefare forests" in June 1300, we twice find 
Geoffrey de Gresley chevaler, and once more among the 
New Oblations in a Pipe Roll of 1305-6™ there is mention 
of ' Galfridus de Gresley miles,' so that about 1290-92 is 
the probable date of his taking up his knighthood. 



. 1009*. ■ Salt Soc. 

17. " Pari. Writs i. 

i. 351 ; Salt Soc. viii. i. 23. 
Salt Soc. v. I. 13, 89. 
Add. 8157, fol. 21 



213. ""Ibid. i. 223-4. 

i. 288. 1- Ibid. 312 ; Salt So 

■■ Pari. Writs i. 86. ' > Ibid. i. 93, 102. ' « Ibid, 
Yeatm. Feud. Derb. i. 262 : cf. an undated deed in 
Salt Soc. vi. 1. ^83-4. " ibid. v. i. 176, 179. 



Pari. Writs i. 283 ; Salt 
.19. 1 Pari. Writs 



Sir Geoffrey de Gresley (vi) 41 

Sir Geoffrey can only have enjoyed his new rank for Chap. hi. 
about fifteen years, for in Hilary Term 1306 his executors 
are sued =" for a debt, showing that his death was before ^ Sait Soc. 
tliat date, probably in the winter of 1305-6. Two seals of j' g '' ^'*^' 
Sir Geoffrey are known, one a small armorial seal attached 
to Gresley Charter 103 (reproduced by Jeayes), and one 
of a larger size belonging to Gresley Charter 147, of which 
there is a drawing in the British Museum >', in which he " MS. Add. 
is on horseback, facing the dexter side, bearing a shield Difgdak hid' 
vaire in his left hand and in his right an uplifted sword: ft '^hI^" er^I 
the armour of his horse also bears vaire before and behind. Life of Dugj. 
Sir Geoffrey's sigillimi secretum is mentioned in 1294-5 ^ 214^. 

He had the right of Gallows (Jmbiiit fiircam) in at least ' Erdesw. 
Croxall (Hundr. Rolls i. 59), Kingston (Salt Soc. v. i. 118, (^Hamper, 
vi. I. 241), Drakelowe and Lullington (implied in Placita de ^^ ^ °^'^-'' 
Quo Warranto, p. 141 f), and there can be but few other f See p. igo. 
famihes in England beside the Gresleys whose ancestors in 
the male line had this right of hanging thieves caught in 
flagrante delicto. 

His wife's name was Agnes, who occurs in 1291-2", when " Gresi. 



Chartul. 



P-34- 



her husband and she (' Anneys ') make provision for a canon 
of Gresley to pray for her soul : that she was not then dead 
is shown by the fact that she survived'' him. Their issue " Brit. Mus. 

Add. 6671, 

was :- p. 43. 

1. Peter, see p. 42. 

2. Robert de Gresley, whose life was overshadowed by a sentence of 
outlawry. In 1279 some land at Hixon had been granted by his father " o c'^'T 
to William de WaSteneys of Hixon, and there was probably friendship 283, 284. 
between the two families. There must however have been also d Gresl. 
quarrelling, for in 1292-3 Robert was indicted at the Staftbrdshire Chartul. p. 32 
Assizes for the homicide of John "^ brother of William de Wasteneys, ^/g'^'"^,' 



probably at Tamvvorth,,_and was outlawed for that and for minor crimes, j^j-^ f^i 

He 1 ~ 

John 



He had married Isolda, who in 1297-8'' was a widow with a son 107": Bodl. 

M.S. Dodsw. 



lol. 31'. 

3. William was in i290-2'<' sued for damage done at Lullington, and ° Salt Soc. vi. 
was concerned in the affair of his brother Robert and similarly out- 
lawed <^. It may be he who was pardoned in 1295 f for causing the death ^f /* ' 



of Richard Wychard^of Shayle. 138. 



295, P- 



42 TJie Gresleys of Drakeloivc 

Chap. III. 

vii Sir Peter de Gresley, Kt. 

(occ. 1290 : d. abt. 1310.) 

Sir Peter has the least satisfactory record of all the heads 

of the house of Gresley. In the qualities which make a good 

soldier he resembled his father, but he inherited also a strain 

of roughness and violence which was transmitted to his 

sons in a still more marked degree. Except in the various 

deeds of grant to which he is a party, there is hardly a record 

of himself or his family which is not concerned either with 

hard fighting or other equally violent but less legitimate 

conduct. The very earliest mention of him is that he was 

SaitSoc.vi. sued for damage done at Lullington, in 1290-2 », and one 

of the latest is a similar trial for damage at Hendenhouse 

Ibid. vii. I. Heath, Clifton, in Michaelmas i3o6\ while in Michaelmas 

','' ' ^!. iwo' he had been fined 'for many defaults.' 

Ibid. vu. I. ■' 

i. From 1298 to 1306 he is constantly given letters of pro- 

,, . , ... tection as about to start for Scotland, either as in the retinue 

Ibid. vm. I. ' 

■>■ of the Earl of Gloucester (May 1298-'), or as in the retinue 

Ibid. 21. of Robert Fitz- Walter (June 1300''), or as 'vallet' of the 
Ibid. 24. Prince of Wales (July' and Oct.™ 1301), or as in the retinue 
^ ocL.. CO . ^^ Robert de la Warde (Apr. 1304°, June 1306°). In April 
Salt Soc. 1307 a writ summoned him to London to be knighted with 
','■',■ ^^' the Prince of Wales, soon after succession to his father's 

Ibid. 27. 

estates, and there is no doubt that on Whitsunday in that 

year (May 14) he was dubbed Knight at Westminster with 

some three hundred more, and proceeded forthwith to a 

Cresi campaign in Scotland. Accordingly, in a deed of July 7, 

hariui. p. 33. J207, we find him styled 'Sir Pere de Greseleyef.' In 

1308 "I he was one of those called on to array the Staffordshire 

levies, but he must have died while in the prime of life, 

■■ Salt Soc. i.x. for the last mention of him is in Michaelmas 1309 "■, and 

» ib°d -x I '" 1312^ he was certainly dead, while Nichols' states that 

II- he died in 1309-10 — which may be a legitimate deduction 

J009*? '"" ^' from the incident mentioned later in connexion with his wife. 



Pat. Roll 

p. 



Sir Peter de Gresley (vii) 43 

His estates were large, for in 1309 he obtained by royal Chap. hi. 
charter" the right of free warren in Norton in Leicestershire ; o cresi. 
Gresley, Lullington, Linton, Donisthorpe, Heathcote, Swad- Charter koIi- 
lincote, Drakelowe and Caldwell in Derbyshire; Morton, 1308-9, p.Ma. 
Kingston and Hixon in Staffordshire ; and Toft in Norfolk. 
The manor of Eggington in Derbyshire also came to him 
through his wife. 

His seal is apparently not known to exist, but there is 
a coloured full-length portrait" of him, probably drawn for " Brit. Mus. 
King Henry vi, which represents 'Sir Peres de Greyle' 4205,^1.113. 
in complete armour with visor up, with banner in his right 
hand and sword in his left: both banner and surcoat bear 
the arms vaire ermine and gules. 

He married Johanna, daughter and co-heiress of Sir 
Robert de Stafford and a lineal descendant of the Toenis. 
Very shortly after her husband's death, she was forcibly 
abducted " from her manor of Drakelowe, which had been " For the 
assigned to her by her eldest son, and carried off to Swin- see Salt Soc. 
nerton by Sir John de Swinnerton and others. There she ™'.^x^^' - 
was detained for a long time, and it is certainly noticeable 62: Patent 
that we hear nothing of her for some years after this event, pp. 228, 307. 
Justice was slow, and not till 1323-4 was Sir John brought 
to trial, when he produced a pardon from the King dated 
May 25, 1310! However before 1320 Johanna must have 
escaped, for she was then the wife ^ of Sir Walter de Mont- ' SaitSoc. i.x. 
gomery (a connexion of the Svvinnertons), who died in 1322 y cresi. 
or 13235'. The violence of the times can be as well gathered '^harti.i p. 38, 

^ ^ ^ compared 

from the following single incident as from a catalogue of with Sait Soc. 
crimes. On Sept. 23, 1323^, Johanna is found abetting her » sait Soc x 

I- 56. 5Q-60 : 
Patent Rolls 
■' Extracts from the Pica Rolls. Coram Rege. Hillary, iS E. II. 1327, p. 43 ; 

(Salt Soc. v.. I. pp. 59-60.) see footnote. 

Leic. The SherilT had been ordered to arrest Peter son of Peter de Greseleye 
and Robert his brother, Joan the wife of Walter de Monte Gomeri, and William 
de Northfolk, and produce them at Trinity term, to answer the appeal of Philippa 
formerly wife of William de Monte Gomeri for the death [of] William her 
husband, at which day Philippa appeared and the defendants did not appear 
and the Sheriff returned they could not be found and held nothing within his 
bailiwick, and he was ordered to put them into the cxigctid and if they did not 
appear, to outlaw them, and he now returned that the said Peter and William 
had not appeared at the County Courts, and had been outlawed, but that the said 



44 The Gresleys of Drakclozve 

Chap. Ill, soos Peter and Robert de Gresley in the murder of Sir 

William de Montgomery son of her late husband Sir Walter 

'on the high road under the park of Seal'! Philippa the 

widow of the murdered man procured the arrest of all three, 

» Salt Soc. but they were acquitted ! Again in 1333 * she was accused 

of murder and again acquitted. After these records— and 

they are only samples— one is not surprised to hear of her 

•i Ibid. X. r. own strong-box being broken into at Drakelowe in 1323-4 ^ 

" Ibid .xii 17 ^^ ^^^^ ^" *-"" before 1342 <" her turbulent life is ended. 

The children of Sir Peter and Johanna were : — 

1. Geoffrey, see p. 46. 

2. Thomas, who escapes with the lightest number of charges against 
him. He was only accused of trespass with his brother Edmund in 

Robert and Joan had appeared at the fifth Court, and had surrendered themselves 
prisoners, and he had sent them roiciiii Rcgc, and they were committed to the 
custody of the Marshall, who produced them before the Court, and the said 
Philippa likewise appeared and appealed the said Robert brother of Peter son 
of Peter de Gre-eleye, of procuring and abetting the death of her husband, and 
she stated that they were in the vill of Norton, near Twycrosse, in co. Leicester, 
on the Thursday before the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, 17 E. II., 
in the manor house in aula tmiiu-nn of Walter de Monte Gomeri, from which 
place the said Robert had feloniously procured and sent the said Peter son of Peter 
de Greseleye to kill her husband, and by which mission, procurement and assent, 
the said Peter son of Peter de Greseleye, on the Tuesday before the Feast of the 
Exaltation of the Holy Cross, in the same year, and at the third hour, had 
feloniously struck her husband on the head in the vill of Oversheile in Co. 
Leicestre, on a heath called les Whetelondes, near the Abbey of Mirivale, with 
a sword of Cologne worth 6i-., and of which he had died within the arms of the 
said Philippa, &c. 

And the said Philippa appealed the said Joan, wife of Walter de Monte Gomeri, 
of aiding, abetting, and procuring the death of her husband, and stated she was 
present in the vill of Norton and had sent the said Peter to commit the deed as 
aforesaid, &c. 

And the said Robert and Joan appeared and defended the felony, and stated 
that the said Philippa ought not to be admitted to appeal them for the death of 
her husband, because she had remitted to them her suit for the said death, and 
all actions and trespasses from the beginning of the world up to the Monday after 
the last Feast of the Purification, by her deed which they produced, and as the 
said Philippa did not deny her deed she was committed to the custody of the 
Marshall. 

And process against the said Robert and Joan being continued at the suit of 
the King for abetting the said death, the said Robert stated he was a clerk, and 
could not answer without his Ordinary, &c. And the said Joan stated she was 
not guiltj- and appealed to a jury, which is to be summoned for three weeks from 
Easter, and in the meantime she was committed to the custody of Robert de 
Dumbleton, the Marshall, but was afterwards admitted to bail, on the surety of 
Edward Charles, Geoffrey Wich, Robert Baynard, Knights, of co. Norlolk. and 
Robert Took, Knight. John de Miners, Roger de Bradburn, and John de Hamburi, 
of CO. Derby. A postscript states that the process was continued till Easter 
term, 19 E. II , when a jury returned a verdict that the said Robert and Joan 
were not guilty of abetting the death of the said William de Monte Gomeri, and 
they weie therefore acquitted of the same. 



S/r Peter de Gresley (vii) 45 

1320'', and fined with many of the gentry of Derbyshire for hunting in, Chap. III. 

or receiving venison from, the Forest of the Peak in 1364-5 (.?)«. He ^ . _ 

and his elder brother Sir Geoffrey were of a quieter or more restrained j 33, 

disposition than the rest of the family. ' Derb. Arch. 

Soc xiv. 167. 

3. Peter, of whom we have no account apart from the records of the ' Salt Soc. x. 
Staffordshire Assizes. In 1323 he is accused of rioting both at Lichfield f '• 52- 

and Ashbourne 8. But in the same year a more serious crime was „ ib'jd' 56. 
proved against him, namely the murder i" of Sir William de Montgomery, > Patent 
as above mentioned. As he did not answer to the summons he was Rolls 'S^Ti 
outlawed, and did not receive a pardon for the deed till March i32f'. j sJit So(._ 
Soon after this he was himself killed) at Adgaresley by Henry son xiv. i. 14-15, 
of John Le Miners and William Le Hunte, who were brought to trial in f4; 

,,-' , ^ " Ibid. X. 1.8. 

March 132!;;. , ibid. 33, 36. 

4. Edmund, who as early as 1310 is accused of damage'' at Over Seile " y^' .^' 
with his brother (cousin .') John. In 1320 and 1321 he has gone a step 30, 33, 34. 
further and is summoned for trespass ', that is forcible entry into private " Ibid. xiv. i. 
grounds : but in 1325 and again in 1327 his crime is robbery, at Eyton "» p'iJjjh x" r 
and at Walton", where he is also accused of intent to murder John 87.94. 
Grim: in the latter year he was even on his trial for the murder" of ^ Gresley 
John de Pycheford : and as late as 1348 a charge of robbery at Little ?']bid"'' ^' *'■ 
Lockesley i' is brought against him. He was still living in 1357-8, when s .Salt Soc. 
he granted l,and in Edingalei to his brother Sir Robert. He was xiv. i. 67. 
married and had a son Geoffrey, who owned land in 1353-4''. ag-^o-'x' i' 

5. Sir Robert de Gresley of Edingale, Kt., the most prominent of the ^^;, . , 
younger sons of Sir Peter. The assizes record ten charges against him 53 ; xiv. i. 30, 
between 1320 and 1348, one of trespass ^ two of riot', three of robbery", 33, 34 ; xii. i. 
and no less than four of murder: in Dec. 1320 he robbed and killed f'j.^l' 
William Attewood'' at Marchington : in 1321-2 he aided and abetted 56,63.' 

a murder atMarston^: in 1327 John de Pycheford^ was his victim: " Ibid. 56. 

and probably also Waclyn de Wintertony. His methods of evading " Ib'd. xiv. i. 

tlie consequences of these misdeeds do honour to his ingenuity. In y'see'footnote. 

July 1333^ for his services with the King's army in Scotland he obtained ^ Salt Soc. 

a general pardon for all felonies, and in Hilary 133^^ flourished this I'Vu-^' ^^' 

useful document in the face of the judge and jury when accused of having 30. " 

six years earlier robbed the parson of Walton. On another occasion "" he " Ibid. x. i. 

remembered that he was a ' Clerk,' and said that he could not answer ^°' ^^^ P- '14- 
the charge without his Ordinary ! 

Turning from this catalogue of misdemeanors, we find Sir Robert 
representing Derbyshire in the Parliament of 1340, fighting in Scotland 

both in 1333^ and 1335°, summoned to Ipswich with his brothers ° Ibid. viii. i. 

Edmund and Roger for foreign service in November 1338 "i, and serving \'^\,.. 

in Aquitaine under the Earl of Lancaster in 1346 «, when he probably e ibid.' viii 

took part in the siege of Calais {1346-7). The last mention of him is i. 73. 

' See p. 31, where the incident is narrated in connexion with an earlier Robert 
de Gresley : but I now believe that it is properly related of Sir Robert of Edingale. 



46 



The Gresleys of Drakelowc 



Chap. III. as a grantor of land in Hartley f near Coventry in 1360-1. He appears 

, _ ■ to be first mentioned as a Knight in 13438. His seal'' bears vaire a 

' Erdesw. . . •, j 

Stan- p. 212; bend engrailed. 

Bodl. MS. Sir Robert married Elena daughter of John Revell son of William 

Dugd. H. p. Revell of Newbold Revell, who became co-heiress ' with her two sisters 



59 ' 



ifhere is 



his seal 
E Salt Soc. 

Brit. Mus. 

MS. Stc.we 

Charter 137 

(I347J- 

•> Gresley 

Chartul. p. 42. 

1 Dugd. 

Warw. pp. 

58-9- 

J Salt Soc. 

xvii. 113. 

^ Gresley 

Chartul p. 51. 

' Brit. Mus. 

MS. Harl.807, 

fol. 60. and 

Peerages. 

"" Bodl. MS. 

Dodsw. .xlii. 

P- .^5- 

» Salt Soc. xi. 

18s. 

" Ibid. X. I. 

67-8 ; iv. 2. 

29-30. 

I' Patent 

Rolls 1333, 

P- 437- 

1 Salt Soc. 



ng of °n 'be death without issue of her three brothers, and brought thereby 
to her issue the manor of Brownsover in Warwickshire and other 
property. Their issue was Robert who died without issue, and Joan 
who married Richard Boteler before 1382 (and had a daughter Eliza- 
beth, who married Ralph Bellers J), and perhaps married as a second 
husband William Wale ^ of Northampton. Sir Robert also had a son 
Thomas who married Katrine and died before 1405-6, for in that year 
the widow and her son Thomas are mentioned'^. It is possible that 
Sir Robert was twice married, for a Robert de Gresley certainly 
married Katherine, one of the five daughters and co-heiresses of 
William de Camvile 1, Lord Camvile of Clifton (d. 1338), who were all 
of full age in 1308 and among whose descendants the Barony of Camvile 
is still in abeyance. Robert and Katherine occur in 1336-7 ■" and 
i33i "• 

6. Roger we find accused of rioting in 1326", and outlawed for the 
murder of Roger de Norton in 1335, for which he was pardoned p. 
There are other notes 1 of a Roger de Gresley, who might be this Roger, 
between 1354 and 1392, usually as an attorney. 

A Vincent de Gresley was accused with his brother 
Geoffrey of trespass in 1321 "■, and of damage at Alrewas in 
1323 % and is a witness to a deed' apparently of 13!^, but 
I cannot prove that he was a son of Sir Peter. See p. 155. 

There is also a Nicholas de Gresley clerk who also occurs 
as an attorney or as a witness, between 1320 " and 1340 ". 



Registrum de 

Charter 313 

(Trin. Coll. Camb. MS., from a Cotton MS.); Salt Soc. xiii. 206, 199 ; Gresley Chartul. p. 47, 
■■ Salt Soc. X. I. 36. s Ibid. i.x. i. 19. ' Gresley Chartul. p. 41. " Salt Soc. v. 

Derb. Arch. Soc. vii. 143. ' Salt Soc. xi. 105; cf. Derb. Arch. Soc. xviii. 13; &c. 



Sir Geoffrey de Gresley, Kt. 
(occ. 1309 : d. abt. 1331-2.) 



" Brit. Mu 
MS. Add. 
6674. fol. 8 



The eldest son of Sir Peter seems to have been as peaceful 
as his father, mother and brothers were turbulent. The first 
mention of him is in August 1309 when he was granted free 
warren" in his manor of Gresley at the instance of Hugh Le 



Sir Geoffrey de Gresley (viii) 47 

Despencer: this may mark the date of his father's death. Chap. ill. 
In 1324 he was summoned to Parhament ^ as a Staffordshire 5 sait Soc. 
Knight of the Shire, and occurs in subsidy rolls of Stafford- ""• '■ '^^■ 
shires' and Derbyshire'^ (1327) as holding land in Morton, 7 ibid. vii. i. 
Wolverhampton and Lullington. A grant by him to Gresley ^'°''^«- 
Priory of all profits from deaths within the priory (June 6, Public Record 
1325) has been already mentioned*: and there is another °''''"'- 
probably of the same year by which he gives land in Castle 
Gresley to the same priory. He must have died before 
Hilary term 1333 ^ but was alive in 1330". His seal (im- '' SaitSoc. xi. 
perfect) is on Gresley Charter 185 (1318) and has been xfi". 71.^^' ^^' 
reproduced by Jeayes. ■^ Gresley 

His wife was Margaret, daughter of Sir John Gernon, Kt., but^'cf.GrTsLy 
of Lanington, near Oxford, who occurs as a widow in various Chartui. p. 45. 
deeds from 1332 ^ to 1352 " : her seal is known from Gresley J Salt Soc. x. 
Charter 256'' and a drawing in the Gresley Chartularys, and ,^g^^^,g 
bears three coats of arms (Gresley, Gernon and Langton). charter 2S3. 
On March 25, 1318, Sir Geoffrey had granted" to Hugh coitor^'snd "^ 
Gernon, parson of the church of Ylkesleye, his manor of ed., p. 333- 
Morton and all his lands in Morton and Hixon, perhaps as ^ p '^=- 
trustee for his wife : and this may mark the year or period charter "185. 
of the marriage. 

It is however very difficult to discover the parentage of 
this Margaret Gernon. The best account of the Gernon 
family is to be found in R. E. Chester Waters' Chester of 
Chicheley (1878), and part of the pedigree which in point of 
date seems nearest to Margaret is given in the Pedigrees. 
The two original assertions of her connexions are in Gresley 
documents entered in a Staffordshire Visitation, printed in 
Salt Soc. iii. 2. 86, 87, where she is described as (i) ' fille a 
John Gernon S' de Laminton pres Oxenford ' and (2) ' filia 
Johannis Gernon militis Domini de Lanington juxta Oxoniam. 
Port gules 3 pales unde argent.' The only two places near 
Oxford which in any way resemble Lamington or Lanington 
or, as the word has generally been assumed to be, Laving- 
ton (' Lanington '), are Lavendon in Buckinghamshire and 
Langton, Lanton or (as now) Launton near Bicester in 



Tlie Grcsleys of Drakelozve 



"■ See Baker's 
Northampton' 



Chap. III. Oxfordshire. The former ' may be dismissed : the distance 
, gg^ from Oxford is more than thirty miles, the manor was in the 

Lipscomb's hands of the Peuvre or Peover family, and there is no trace 

Buckingham- -^ 

shire, vol. 4. of the name Gernon or the spelling Lavington. Launton ■> is 
J See White only eleven miles from Oxford, but the manor has from the 

Kennets "^ 

Ambrosden. Conquest been in the hands of the Abbey of Westminster, 
and no trace of the Gernon family is known there. The 
Gernons had some property in Abington'' near Northampton. 
Margaret's seal is mentioned above, the three coats of 
i^4of." ''°' arms being, vaire for Gresley, paly wavy of six for Ccnion, 
and six annulets, two, three and one, for Langto7t (?). 
The issue of Sir Geoffrey and Margaret was : — 
John, see below. 
For Nicholas, sometimes stated to be a son of Geoffrey, see p. 46. 

ix Sir John de Gresley, Kt. 

(occ. 1327-96.) 
Sir John de Gresley is notable, not only for his long life, 
which covered more than three-quarters of the fourteenth 
century, but also for his marriage with the widow of the 
head of the De Wastene3'S family, an alliance which ultimately 
brought the manor of Colton and other large possessions to 
the estate of the Gresle3-s. 

As early as 1327-8 a John de Gresley occurs in a Subsidy 
' Public RolP for Derbyshire as holding land in Lullington, but the 

offi °et cf. head of the family was still under age at Easter 1334 when the 
Gresley £^j.j ^f Lancaster claimed the wardship "■ of him from Roger 

Chartul. p. 37. '^ "^ 

- SaitSoc.xi. de Swynnerton. In 1349-50° he is first found as Sir John de 

5-- Gresley, Kt., and both in 1358-9 and 1372-3 is Sheriff of 

ChanuK p. 25. Derbj'shire with Nottinghamshire. In the brief Parliament 

of 1372 he sat as a representative of Staffordshire. In his 

earlier years he seems to have imitated his uncles, if he be 

the John who was accused of trespass in 1341, 1342 and 

I. ii6-7°'^xii.'" 1345°) but that there were other Johns de Gresley, whom we 

15, 44- cannot place in the pedigree, is shown by one of those names 

Chartul p. 42. being Prior of Gresley in 1360-1 '', who perhaps induced Sir 



Sir John de Grcsley (ix) 



49 



John to make a considerable grant of land i to the Priory Chap. hi. 
two years afterwards. , _, 

, , _ ' Inqu. ad 

His armorial seal is attached to a deed' of \'\i^>, and to quod damnum 

in Public 

a manumission = of Thomas Nettebreyder his butler at RecoidOffice, 
Drakelowe, May 28, 1379: but in Oct. 1393 he lost this seal, J''"- =S' '364- 
and there is a curious deed of Oct. 17, 1394*, in which he Charter 319: 
repudiates all writings sealed since his loss, and himself j'elycs. 
makes use of the seal of the Deanery of Repton in its place. = Gresiey 
He died before Easter 1396 ", having outlived his only son ^^'"'''^'' 3+^- 



Ibid. 35 

SaItSo( 



Sir Nicholas. 

Sir John was twice married : first in about 1345 to Alice 74- 
de Swinnerton, perhaps a grand-niece of the Sir John de 
Swinnerton who abducted her husband's grandmother, and 
a niece of the Sir Roger who claimed wardship of her 
husband against the Earl of Lancaster in 1334 ''. She occurs ' ibid.xi. 52. 
as his wife in 1346-7"' and 1348-9'^, but died soon after, "Gresiey 
leaving an only son chartui. p 39. 

*' ^ « Ibid. p. 42. 

Nicholas, born about 1345-50 (see p. 50). 

Sir John's second marriage was of great importance to 
the fortunes of himself and his descendants. Before 1352 he 

married Joan ^ the widow of Sir Thomas de Wasteneys, r Crcsiey 

although she had taken a vow of chastity on the death of p^^^'^'i-''/^'* '' 

her husband, and had received the usual ring and mantle Coiton rand 

in token of it, so that her marriage required a papal man- 339,' and 

date and penance for its allowance. The great Coiton ^-apIrRe^gl's"'^ 

estates of the De Wasteneys had been entailed on Sir ^.'^''^-t^^'''^'"^ 

-' 111 (ed. Bliss, 

Thomas and Joan for life with remainder to his sons 1897), p. 561. 
William, John and Thomas and their issue, but none of the 
three had children, and almost the whole estate came into 
the possession of Joan, then Dame Gresiey. The young 
brothers De Wasteneys probably resented the second 
marriage of their mother and the transference of the property 
to a Gresiey: and in 1363'' and 1366* we find William and \Sait Soc 
Thomas sued for stealing swans from Sir John de Gresiey Parker's 
at Rugeley : but for more than 250 years from this time the ^ ° '°"' J'' ^' 
Gresleys were Lords of the Manor of Coiton and held the xiii. 54. 

E 



5<J 



The Gresleys of Drakeloive 



Chap. III. 

* Pedigree 
in Gresley 
Chartul. p. 5 
Parker's 
Colton, p. 72 
' Salt Soc. 



^ Gresley 
Charter 355. 



• Parker's 
Colton. p f 
cf. Salt Soc 
xiv. I. 233. 



' Salt Soc. 
xiii. 17. 



»> Gresl. 
Charter 301 



Salt Soc. 
Ibid. I. II 



Advowson of the Church. Joan's maiden name was Toly, 
she being the daughter of John Toly '' of W3'mondham in 
Norfolk (?): and it would appear '^ that she had first married 
Sir Richard Peshall, for in 1396 Adam Pesale son of Joan 
wife of John de Grisele, and Nicholas his brother, are 
indicted and outlawed for breaking into Drakelowe and 
stealing money and plate : but neither of the Toly nor of 
the Peshall family at this time do I readily find any connected 
account. Her will'', written at Drakelowe, dated May 23, 
1393, and proved Dec. 28, 1393, is printed in full in Parker's 
Colton, 2nd edition, p. 106. She desired to be buried at 
Braceborough (' Brassingborough ') in Lincolnshire, and left 
legacies to the Prior of Gresley and (her grandson?) Thomas 
de Gresley. Her death clearly took place in 1393, and she 
left no children by Sir John de Gresley, unless possibly 
a daughter Thomasine, for whom see p. 56. 

A William de Gresley ' Esquire ' occurs between 1363 * 
and 1397, at which date he represented Nottingham in the 
Great Parliament, but I cannot find the nature of his con- 
nexion with the Gresleys of Drakelowe. 

Sir Nicholas de Gresley, Kt. 

{b. abt. 1345-50 : d. abt. 1380.) 
He was undoubtedly the son, and not the brother, of Sir 
John, as is clearly proved by Gresley Charters 301 and 318 : 
the date of his birth must have been between 1345 and 1350. 
As early as 1361 Nicholas occurs, being indicted with his 
father for trespass'' at New Hall, but the case was dismissed. 
The line of Gresley must have been in some danger of extinc- 
tion when the young Nicholas, an only child, in September 
1362 obtained letters of protection » as starting for Gascony 
in the retinue of the Prince of Wales, but before May 1364 ^ 
he had married his step-mother's daughter Thomasme de 
Wastenej's, thus doubty securing the Colton property to the 
Gresley family. In 136I we find him as Sir Nicholas serving 
with Prince Edmund Plantagenet ', and again in 1370 as with 
Sir Walter Huwet^'. But he died in his father's lifetime, 



Sir Nicholas de Gresley (x) 51 

some time after May 1374'', and certainly before June 1389, Chap. hi. 

when we find his widow married ' a second time. k Cr^v 

The wife of Nicholas was Thomasine de Wasteneys, the Charter 327. 

sole heiress of the Wasteneys of Colton, Braceborough, coiton^pp. 

Carleby, Osgathorpe, &c., and the daughter of Sir Nicholas's '°3"'*- 
step-mother, thus : — 



(deS 



Alice -p a. Sir John de = .Toanna ^ i. Sir Tho 



(Tol 

wife of Sir 

Thomas: 2nd 

wife of Sir 

John) 



Wasteneys 



Sir Nicholas = Thomasine 
de Gresley (de Wasteneys) 

(sole heir) (sole heiress) 

The marriage was before May 1364 (see above). Almost 

the only fact that we know of Thomasine's hfe apart from 

formal grants, is that Colton Church was decorated in her 

time with frescoes in the chancel, which survived until 1851 

and of which some drawings are reproduced in Parker's 

Colton (2nd ed. : opp. p. 188). Among these are at least two Coiton.p. 105. 

illustrating the life of St. Nicholas, and we can hardly doubt ° 'bid. pp. 

that they were painted for Thomasine in memory of her „ cres^iev 

husband of that name. ciiarter374, 

Before June 1389, however, as we have seen, she was CoUon,p.357. 

married a second time, to Sir Hamon de Peshall, but no ^ "'.'\^-,f 

children of this marriage are recorded, and even after it stan notes as 

she is called Thomasina 'de Gresley' in 1398™, 1390° and "^°"'', 

•> ^^ ' J='=' q Gresley 

1403°. Between the latter year and July 1405 she must Chartui. p. 

hi- 1 . 47 ; Salt Soc. 

ave died ". H ^^^^ ^f. 

The children of her first marriage were : — ^°9- 

Thomas, born about 1365, see p. 52. ' ' ^^' ^■'' 

Roger de Gresley, who lived at Church Gresley p, called Robert in Dugd. D. i.' 

a pedigree in the Gresley Chartulary (p. 5). He is probably the Roger t grit Mus. 

de Gresley concerned in deeds of 13871 and was an executor of his MS. Add. 

father's will in 1396 ^ In 1400-1 he held half a knight's fee by right of ^^9^' f"'- 4i9. 

his wife under the Earl of Warwick', and occurs also in 1403-4, but died " S'aiTordsh. 

before 1414*. We know" that he, 'of Church Gresley,' married Isabel (Wol'ferst^n 

de Timhorn^ (Tamhorn ?), and that their daughter and heiress Margaret addns. 1764). 

married William Babthorpe (Attorney General, 1420 29), of Elston in ' Gresl. 

Leicestershire, and had a son William. Chartui. p. 5 . 
E 2 



CHAPTER IV 

THE GRESLEYS IN THE FIFTEENTH AND SIXTEENTH 
CENTURIES 



XI 



" Gresley 
Chartul. p. 47. 



" Staffordsh. 
P- 537- 

' Nicolas' 
Agincourt 
(1832) p. 380. 
<» Nicolas, as 
above, p. 356; 
Bodl. MS. 
Ashm. 825, 
p. 14 : Gen. 
Wrcttesley 

strated its 

unauthentic 

character. 



Sir Thomas de Gresley, Kt. 
(b. abt. 1365 : d. abt. 1445.) 

In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries the Gresleys were 
wealthy landowners with influence and position in all the 
three counties which converge near Drakelowe. Sir Thomas 
was probably born about 1365, but first occurs in 1392 when 
he was already married. In 1394-5 •'' his grandfather Sir John 
grants him all his manors in Derbyshire, Staffordshire, 
Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire and York- 
shire. In 1399 begins his series of public appointments, 
when he became Sheriff of Staffordshire and is first 
mentioned as Knight. Seven times he represented Derby- 
shire or Staffordshire in Parliament, the former in 1400 
(but the Parliament never met), 1405, 1414 and 1417, the 
latter in 1413 and 1419. Besides this he was in about 1400 
Master Forester of High Peak, according to Erdeswick'', 
and Sheriff of Staffordshire in 1422 and 1439, and of Derby- 
shire in 1426. He was presumably therefore a Lancastrian 
in his views. 

In the French expeditions of Henry v Sir Thomas and his 
son Sir John took their part, the former furnishing in 1415° 
three men-at-arms and nine archers, and the latter two men- 
at-arms and six archers: and they were almost certainly 
present on the field of Agincourt (Oct. 25, 1415), although 
their names do not occur in a'^ roll professing to enumerate 
the English army. 



Sir Thouias de Grcslcy (xi) 53 

Perhaps Sir Thomas's high estimation in his neighbours' Chap. iv. 

eyes may be as well gauged by the guardianships ^ trustee- » BritMus. 

ships*' and arbitrations e which were entrusted to him, as by ^ggg' ^1'^ 308 . 

any other test. These however, and his public services did Had. 506, 

. . . P- 252 ; cf. 

not secure him from a long bill of complaints'" made against Sait .xvii. 26. 
him by the Abbey of Burton in about a. d. 1400, chiefly ' ^'i'Y^j 
relating to minor points of tenure and alleged trespasses. Co.xs Derb. 
He died between 1441 ' and 1446-', probably nearly at the i lo^'^cf.^a/:'' 
latter date. It is clear that he was in favour with the xv^''"-xvn 
Lancastrian nobles, but his descendants were staunch 59- 
Yorkists. His armorial seal is attached to Gresley Charter ^J""g g^"' 
376, and is reproduced by Jeayes''. h cresiey 

His wife was Margaret daughter of Thomas Walsh of "Charter 363. 
Wanlip in Leicestershire, who occurs as his wife as early ^camb.) ms'. 
as Easter 1392 \ and was alive in 1421, when she was the 529. '0-28. 
recipient of a legacy by her mother Katherine's will™. Their mortem iv. 



issue was : — 
I. John, see p. 54. 



" On pi. 2, 
where 370 is 
an error for 



MS. Ha 
2044, fol. 30. 
Gresley 



2. Geoffrey, of whom hardly anything is known: he occurs in 1433" 376- 

and 1439 «. 'SaltSoc. : 

199. 

3. Jane, or Joan, nurse to King Henry vi. She married Thomas m Abstract 
de Astley Esq. of PatshuII in Staffordshire, who was descended from ^^rjt.^Mus 
the last of the Toenis. Henry vi was the only son of Henry v and 
Katherine of France, and was born at Windsor on Dec. 6, 1421. He 
succeeded as King on Sept. i, 1422, and probably Joan Gresley was the Charter 
Royal nurse from his birth until Easter 1424. The fact is known from o ibid. 417. 
the Proceedings of the Privy Councils, which on Jan. 16, I42f-, 'con- p Edited by 
cesserunt Johanne uxori Thome Astley nutrici Regis annuitatem xl Sir N. H. 
librarum percipiendam quamdiu Regi placuerit in Scaccario suo ad Nicolas, m 
terminos Pasche & Sancti Michaeiis per equales porciones, et quod ^f_ iv.'is'i. ' 
prima solucio fiat [in festo] Pasche proxime ' : this pension was con- 
tinued at least till 1433, but she did not die till 1452-3*!. The nurse's , Parker's 
office was supplemented when the King was only two years old by Colton, p. 119. 
a governess, Dame Alice Botiller '', who was given powers by the , p^Qj-^gj. 
Council to teach the King and even 'resonablement chastier de temps ings, as above, 
en temps, ainsi come le cas requerera.' Possibly Joan was selected by iii- i43. cf. 
the Earl of Warwick who was her third cousin. '5'. 2 4-5- 

I know of no other 'Joane daughter of Sir Thomas Gresley' who 

could have married John Browne'* of Morfe, son of Thomas Browne y -/[Yf, "^ 

and Alice (ne'e Banesterj : their issue was, William, Thomas (who had Harl. Soc. 

issue) and John (who married Anne Fitton and had issue). xxviii. 90,267. 



54 



The Gresleys of Drakclozve 



' Ussher's 
Croxall p. 
146. 



xu 



' Gresley 
Charter 387 : 
Parker's 
Colton, p. 
361 III Hen. 
4 = Sept. 30, 
1409, to Sept. 
29, 1410). 
" Gresley 
Charter 396, 



4. Margaret, of whom nothing is known except that she became the 
first wife of Sir Thomas Blount [d. 1456), and the mother of Walter first 
Lord Mountjoy. 

5. Another daughter of Sir Thomas seems to be mentioned in the 
inscription of a monument which till about a.d. 1700 was in Croxall 
Church. Of this there are two independent transcripts, one in Bodl. 
MS. Dodsw. Ixxxii, p. 49 {= Reliquary xii. 219) (A), and a second with 
a drawing of the monument and inscription in St. Loe Kniveton's 
papers (now Lord Scarsdale's) made about two hundred years ago, and 
reproduced in R. Ussher's Croxall (1881) pp. 5-6 (B) : of this latter there 
are corrections in Brit. Mus. MS. Harl. 5809, fol. 69*, printed in Cox's 
Derbyshire Churches iii. 360 (C). It is instructive to notice by comparison 
how difficult it is to copy such an inscription accurately : in the following 
text the facsimile in B is taken as a basis. ' Hie iacet lohanes Curson 
Armiger Dominus de Croxhall qui obijt iiij die Aprilis ['8 . . . ,' a piece 
torn off, A : '8 Kal. Aprilis,' which must be wrong, see below, C] anno 
Domini ['Domini' omitted, A] mccccI cuius anime propicietur Deus 
Amen [this clause omitted, A] Et Jnnocentia [' Senchia,' A : ' Seachia,' 
'Sarache' C] uxor eius filia Domini ['Domini' omitted, C] Thome 
Gresley militis [' militis ' omitted. A].' At the parents' feet are five sons 
and three daughters, and Ussher remarks that it is curious that John is 
on Senchia's left, she on his right. She 'is represented in a long gown, 
with deep sleeves turned back at the wrists.' In John Curzon's Will ', 
dated Apr. i, and proved May 19, 1450, his wife's name is given as 
Senecha. The marriage is stated by Ussher to have taken place in 
1422-3. But Senecha is a very curious name even as a contraction of 
Innocentia, and rather suggests the Spanish Sanchia which came into 
the Gresley family at about this time through the Blounts, see pedigree. 
To add to the confusion a Derbysliire pedigree based on the Visitations 
(printed in the Genealogist N.S. vii. 73), gives her name as Anne ! The 
Spanish name is not unknown in English historj', King John's wife 
having been Sanchia of Provence, while it is found in the Carew" 
family. 

Sir John Gresley, Kt, 
(occ. 1410 : d. 1449.) 
Sir John only survived his father for about five years, and 
so -we naturally do not find much recorded of him. He 
probably married in 1409 or 1410, for in 11 Hen. 4 some 
trustees "■ grant to him and ' Elizabeth Clarell ' (see below) 
a rent at Colton. In 1415 he shared in the French wars 
with his father (see p. 52), and was a Knight as early as 
1413'', and represented Derbyshire in the Parliament of 
1422. In 1433-4 Sir John was returned as one of the 



Sir John G res ley (xii) 



leading gentry of Staffordshire, who were sworn to keep Chap. iv. 
the peace for themselves and their retainers, but no doubt 
he was himself a Lancastrian, his sister having such close 
relations with the King. We catch one more glimpse of 
his activity in a list of the retinue of the Duke of Bedford in 
1435=', as 'John Gresley Knight Bachelor,' but the Duke «R.s. xxii. 
died in September of that year. John died on Jan. 17, 144I, ^' "^^ ' 
according to an Inquisition post mortem '' which states that ' inqu. post 
he held no lands of the King in Nottinghamshire or Derby- ^°2: cf. Edw. 

, • Jones Index 

shire. to Records 

Sir John's wife was Elizabeth (not Margaret) daughter of (Menioranda\ 

•^ V o ' o Gresley 

Sir Thomas Clarell of Aldwark, Yorkshire, by Matilda charter 425. 
daughter of Sir Nicholas Montgomery. Her Christian coko^V 
name cannot be doubted in view of Gresley Charter 387 ^ 364- 
which appears to be a marriage settlement of the two, ch^rtukry^ 
though Elizabeth is not expressly called the wife of John : ^J^^^^^ 
the date is 1409-10. Elizabeth's name is also given in Coiton,p.36i. 
pedigrees in Brit. Mus. MSS. Harl. 4630 (p. 94) and Add. 
553° (PP- xxvii, cii), and she had a sister Margaret. 

But confusion has arisen in the pedigrees and Visitations 
from it not having been seen that Sir John married a second 
wife whose name was Margaret \ There can be little doubt * Heisby's 
that she was a daughter of John Norwood a merchant of Cheshire!. 
Coventry, and was three times married, i. to Thomas f^^Ls^"^ 
Massey, son of Sir John Massey of Tatton in Cheshire by ^R^'lr^J'^^-^' 
Alice (Worselay) : this first husband died without issue manuscript 
Aug. 24, 1420: 2. to John de Delves (son of John), who had Nk-hoi? 
first married Philippa who died in 1420: John died in April ^i^-^'^ff'^f' 
1429: 3. to Sir John Gresley in 1440-1. She survived her Bodi. ms. 
third husband, and occurs at least as late as March i, I44l^ foil. 343,^352', 

Of Sir John's children it may be assumed that all were ^'''*- , 

. . . *■ Gresley 

by his first wife, from considerations of date. Their names charter 425. 
were :— 

1. John (born 1418), see p. 57. ' R- Ussher's 

2. Nicholas, who occurs in 1450"= as a witness (' Nicholaus Gresley ^^^^^ ' 
senior '), and once more in 1455 >* in connexion with some riotous a grit. Mus. 
proceedings which will be noticed in the account of his brother Sir MS. Add. 
John. 4611,101.176. 



56 The Gresleys of Drakelozve 

Chap. IV. 3. Katherine, who is only mentioned as having married Sir William 

~rVv7- reto« (occ. 1430, d. 1464-5) who was a son of William de Peto (d. 1406-7) 

wickshire, 2nd ^y J°3n daughter of Sir John Thornbury and subsequently wife of 

ed., p. 342, cf. Sir Robert Corbet. William and Katherine had a son John, born in 

347 : cf. Salt about 1434 (d. 1487-8), who in 1453-4 married Eleanor Mantfeld. 

It is possible that this Katherine had previously married John Cawar- 
' Shaw's den', of Mavesj-n Ridware, before 1426, and had a son John and several 

Staffordshire other children by him : but as her husband survived her and married 
a Chetu ynd secondly Margaret Boteler and did not die till July 8, 1475, there is 
MS. some unexplained mystery. Possiblj- there were two sisters Katherine, 

or conceivably a divorce. 

4. Thomasine ? This lady is very difficult to place with certainty. 
She was certainly married to Hugh Wrottesley, who was born on 
e Staffordsh. Sept. 14, 14008: and the marriage was before 1421, for in that year she 
VtsU". 1583: occurs in Katherine Walsh's Will as 'Thomasine Wrottesley''.' Hugh 
Visit" is6q •' '^'^'^ '"^ ^4^4 ^"'^ Thomasine on Dec. 25, 1480. Thomasine is definitely 
Cheshireliiqu. affirmed ' to be the daughter of Sir John Gresley, but was she daughter 
post mortem of this Sir John or of his great-grandfather whose second wife died in 
^ '^"' ^' 1393 ? 

MS "^Harl"^' ^^ ^'^^ '^ daughter of the present Sir John, the difficulty is that we have 

2044, fol. 18* seen above that he was probably married in 1409 (not before Sept. 30) 
°^ 30- or 1410, so that Thomasine could not have been born before 1410 and 

' Burke's would have married before the age of twelve. Also it is odd that 

(I^clreitil'a?^ Katherine Walsh should have singled out this one great-grandchild 
count of the and child-wife for remembrance in her will, the only other Gresley 
Wrottesleys) : mentioned being her daughter. 

v[s°it"^on569 ^^ ^^^ '^ daughter of the elder Sir John, there are no less difficulties. 
&c. He was married before 1347 and seems to be holding property in 1328 

and so was probably born not later than the latter year : if so, 
Thomasine who died in 1480 would be a child of his old age. But we 
know of no issue of Sir John's second wife Joan, and if there was we 
must suppose Joan to have had two daughters by different husbands 
each named Thomasine. And how can we account for Joan making no 
mention of this Thomasine in her will.' 

On the whole I believe that Thomasine was daughter of the second 
Sir John and married when verj- 3'oung, as is not unparalleled. If the 
authorities had shown any variation of her father's name, one might 
have inclined to believe her the daughter of Sir Nicholas or 
Sir Thomas. 

For Thomasine's children see the Wrottesley Pedigree, which is given 
at greater length than usual on account of its long unbroken male line and 
also of its certitude, the latter quality being the result of the researches 
of Major-General the Hon. George Wrottesley. 



At this point may be mentioned William de Gresley, 
a monk of Newby Abbey in Lincolnshire, afterwards Abbot 



Sir John Grcslcy (xiii) 57 

of Beauchief Abbey, who died in 1433 at the latter place, Chap. iv. 
and was commemorated on Jan. 2. He was perhaps of the 
Greasley family of Greasley in Nottinghamshire, and the few 
iacts known about him may be found in Pegge's and Addy's 
Beauchief Abbey, the Reliquary vii. 197; Brit. Mus. MSS. 
Cotton Calig. A. viii, fol. 4, Wolley Charter 1. 14 = Add. 6667, 
fol. 673; Bodl. MS. Dugd. 39, fol. 12. 

Sir John Gresley, Kt. xiii 

{b. 1418.': d. 1487.) 

We now come to the Gresley who had to face the 
troublous times of the middle of the fifteenth century. 
Hitherto the family had been Lancastrian, but the present 
Sir John, though evidently not a strong partisan, certainly 
on some occasions threw his weight into the Yorkist scale, 
even before the success of that cause was at all ensured 
or even \\Vii\y. It would seem that conviction gradually 
overcome his natural allegiance to the Duchy of Lancaster. 

We have no record of Sir John until his father's death 
on Jan. 17, 144I, when the son and heir was thirty years 
oldJ: so he was born between Jan. 18, 141J, and Jan. 17, ^ inqu. post 
141 1. He seems to occur as a witness on Jan. 21, 144I'': ^ ^^ ,' 
and there are indications that in March 1449' he had just Charter 430. 
succeeded to his father's property. As early as 1450 he parker's"^" 
represented Staffordshire in Parliament, as also in 1453. Coiton, p. 364. 
In 1451 he is styled Knight" for the first time. In 1453 he ■" Tutbury 
was Sheriff of Derbyshire with Nottinghamshire. But the chaner^sos. 
state of the kingdom allowed no one of position to be neutral 
or quiet, and Sir John was soon in the thick of the tumult. 
First there were private quarrels between Sir John in 
common with his brother Nicholas and their retainers, and 
Sir William Vernon of Haddon Hall, with Roger his brother 
and their servants and tenants. Many hard blows were 
exchanged, as appears from a singular award " dated Sept. 12, " Gresley 
1455, and arranged by Humphrey Stafford first Duke of serp^rkeKs 
Buckingham. The Vernons had land at Seile, which is only Bolton, p. ii6. 



58 The Gresleys of Drakelozve 

a few miles from Drakelowe, but we have no record of the 
actual causes of the feud. The award is a delightful docu- 
ment, not only from its judicial insistance 'that the seid 
Sir William and Sir John shalbe full frendes and of frendely 
deljmg, and pardone and leye aparte either to other all 
maner aggrugginges and Rancoure of herte,' but chiefly 
from its precise assessment of the injuries actually done. 
The compensation paid to 'Annes that was the wife of 
John Herte which was slayne at Burton by the seruauntz 
of the seid Sir William ' was twenty marks. For a sore 
wound on the head or face 13s. /^d. is exacted, for ordinary 
strokes 6s. Qd. or 105. : but a sore stroke on the leg ' the 
bonne striken asunder with a bille' costs 405., while a stroke 
on the foot, though only 20s., yet ' if it growe to a mayme ' 
is 1005., as is also a maim on the hand or thumb. How 
far the award appeased strife we do not know, but the 
intermarriage of the grandchildren of the two combatants 
must have been a final seal of amity. The disturbances had 
been serious enough to move the King to issue a mandate" 
ceTciings, vi. ox\ the I2th of July preceding the award, summoning Sir John 
p^i.x'xT '' '^^' Gresley and Roger Vernon to Westminster to answer for 
their ' riotous assemblies.' 

But all personal affairs were merged in the larger conflict 

between the two great Houses. It is clear that Sir John, 

in opposition to the family traditions and the practice of his 

father and grandfather, took up arms against the King in 1452, 

on the side of the Duke of York : for he is one of the two 

p Pardon Roll thousand or so who were pardoned ■* for it in the same year. 

6[m°embr!'i''."' I^uring the Campaign of 1455, ending with the Yorkist 

victory of St. Albans on May 23, he may have remained 

I Proceedings neutral, since on May 14 1 of that year, when the Duke of 

Councii.Tif York was actually in arms against the King, we find Sir John 

pp. 242-3. appointed a Commissioner for raising money for the relief 

of Calais both in Staffordshire and Derbyshire. It would 

' Camd. Soc, seem that he concealed his Yorkist sympathies for several 

S04. ' 3'ears, for according to Gregory's Chronicle'' he was one 



Pri 



Sir Jolin Gresley (xiii) 59 

of the seven who were dubbed knights on the very day of, Chap. iv. 

and immediately before, the fight at Blore Heath on Sept. 23, 

1459. It is possible that, as there had been no actual 

declaration of hostilities, and as that action was after all 

rather of the nature of a severe skirmish than a pitched 

battle, Sir John was still with the King at Eccleshall and 

knighted in order, if possible, to retain his wavering fidelity. 

If he fought at all on that daj^, as he probably did, for five 

out of the seven new knights fell in the melee, it must have 

been on the Lancastrian side, and in accordance with this 

policy is the fact that on March 20, 146^, he gave some aid 

to four Lancastrian soldiers hurrying to the North, for which 

he was not pardoned till Dec. i, 1471°. At the former date » Coram 

Edward iv had been proclaimed but not crowned King, and ■\:f^a.j°i^ia. 

until the battle of Towton on March 29, 1461, his position 

was not assured. 

It may be here recorded that in 1459 we find the more 
peaceful note that Sir John and his wife were elected 
members of St. Mary's Gild at Lichfield*, and in Sept. 1460 « Harwood's 
that he represented Derbyshire in Parliament. ^o^^ cf. 405.' 

When once Edward iv was established on the throne, 
Sir John undoubtedly showed himself a Yorkist and 
accompanied the King on his expedition to Scotland in 
Dec. 1462": and we naturally find him in all the Com- " Chron, 
missions of the Peace till 1470, Staffordshire being in general n.s, 
a Lancastrian county, so much so that the Earls of Warwick '^''" 
and Shrewsbury, Sir John himself, and his two relations, 
Sir Walter Wrottesley and Sir John Stanley were almost 
the only non-official magistrates in the whole county. It is 
noticeable that he was also in the Commission of the Peace 
of 1470-1 during the brief revival of Lancastrian power, 
but this was of course due to the supreme influence of the 
Earl of Warwick at the time, and not to any change in 
Sir John's political views. In 1474-5 he was a party to 
the covenant '^ by which several persons of distinction bound " Printed in 
themselves to defend the Yorkist Lord Hastings against all agelsSj'^." 
enemies. Probably the large share of Lancastrian fortunes 



Soc. 



6o The Greslcys of Drakelozve 

received b}' the latter or his quarrel with the Woodvilles 
made him form this bodyguard of friends, but even the 
renewal of this bond in 1481 ^ did not avail to prevent 
Lord Hastings' execution in 1483, during the brief reign of 
Edward V. 

In 146? there were serious disputes between the Abbot 
and Convent of Burton and Sir John Gresley about lands, 
I Gresley rents and fisheries, which were referred^ at this date to the 
arbitration of George Duke of Clarence, but the issue is not 
known. A remarkable claim by Sir John in 1469 may show 
that he knew the pedigree of the De Wastenej's for many 
generations. Rose Wasteneys, sole heiress of the Wasteneys 
See Parker's of Tixall ^ had married Sir John Merston, and in conjunction 
with him sold the manor of Tixall which had been in her 
family for over 300 3'ears. No less than eight generations 
intervened between Rose and Sir Geoffrey de Wasteneys in 
the twelfth century, the younger brother of Sir William 
Ibid. ped. de Wastene3's of Colton ", whose descendant after a similar 
series of eight intervening generations was Sir John, who 
now claims to be next of kin to Rose! She indignantly dis- 
claimed the connexion, but whether the lady's protestations 
or the Knight's learning prevailed, is not known, though 
the probabilities are in favour of the former, 
's. Bentiey's Sir John was one of the numerous gentry present at 
Historica the Coronation of Richard iii'' in July 1483, and even ac- 
(1831.., p.384. companied Henry vii in his first progress to the North in 
Mss. Add." the spring of 1486'', but died on Jan. 31, 1484'*. 

His wife was Anne Stanley, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Mus. Stanley of Elford, and the marriage must have been not 

n that year : 
Their issue 



Charter 440. 



Colton, p. 404 
and pedigree 
opp. p. 412 in 
that book. 



opp. p. 



6669, fol. 515; 
6710, p. 3. 
<> Brit. Ml 

jIi^^u^b"'^!, later than 1455, since the eldest son was born in that year : 



Collectanea waS : — 

is" where" I- Thomas (born 1455), see p. 61. 

|Agnsley'is ^ Elizabeth, who married Thomas Montford of Kingshurst and 

res ey. 5^^(QJ, Coldfield. Some confusion has arisen from the common assertion 

Chartei^449, 'hat this daughter of Sir John Gresley married Sir Simon de Montfort, 

Parker's who was put to death in 1494, and was the father of Thomas. He 

Colton p 367. n^^j-fied Anne (Vcrney) and so the name of Anne has been assumed to 



Sir Thomas Gresley (xiv) 



be that of Sir John's daughter: but the Visitations of Warwickshire and Chap. IV. 
Essex do not allow the point to be doubtful : see pedigree. Thomas and 
Elizabeth Montford had a son Simon who married i. Joyce Ruggeley 
and 2. Anne Longford, and had issue. 

3. Alice, who in 1478 married John Egerton ofWrinhill, son of Hugh. 
An abstract of the wedding contract, previous to the marriage and dated 
18 Edw. 4, (which began on March 4, 147J) is in the Gresley Chartulary, 

p. 57, and a grant'after the marriage is dated Dec. 20, 1478''. They had ' P. R. O., 

a daug 

Hugh. 

4. Thomasine. The Gresley pedigrees and evidences do not mention ^.P'^'l^'f^ , 
this daughter, but there is sufficient evidence that 'Thomasine daughter p f^^ ' 
of Sir John Gresley ' married John Darell '> of Scotney, a son of h Hasted's 
Thomas Darell by Florence, tie'e Chicheley, a daughter of the great Kent ii. 380, 
Archbishop: see pedigree. Their children were Henry, Agnes and '■'•^^■^5.; 
Florence. This Thomasine cannot ' possibly be the Thomasine daughter jj^^s 1569 and 
of Sir John Gresley noticed on p. 56. 1614. 

I The In- 

There is some evidence that Sir John married a second quisition on 
wife, Emma fifth daughter of Sir Ralph Hastings, see 1%^ dis- '" 
pedigree. This is stated by Nichols [Leicestershire iii, p. 608, p™^''^^ "• 
n. 7), and ColHns [Peerage, 1812, vi, p. 649) who cites ' MS. 
St. George praed.' But the fact cannot be regarded as 
established: Sir John's first wife was alive in 1481, and he 
died in 148a. 

Sir Thomas Gresley, Kt. xiv 

{b. 1455 ? : d. 1503.) 
Sir Thomas was thirty-one years old J at his father's death J Bnt. Mus. 
on Jan. 31, 148?, and was therefore born between Feb. i, 6710, p. 3; 
145I, and Jan. 30, 145!. The first mention of him is on ^^^- '^°'- ^'S- 
Nov. 30, 1471, when he occurs as a witness in a grant'" to >• Gresley 
his father. As early as Dec. 1477 he represented Stafford- ^'^ ^^ '*'*'■ 
shire in Parliament, in his father's lifetime. In 1488 we first 
find him as Sir Thomas Gresley, Knight, when he received 
a Commission ' with others in December to provide archers ' Rolls Ser. 
from Derbyshire for service in the King's army in Brittany : '^' ^' ^ 
in the same year he is admitted, as his father was, a member 
of St. Mary's Gild at Lichfield". In spite of his Yorkist "."s^d""'^'^ 
traditions he was twice Sheriff of Staffordshire (1489-go and ci8q6;,p.4o8. 



62 The Gresleys of Drakelozve 

Chap. IV. 149-7-8), and on the former occasion, in Mich. T. 1490, 
- Rolls Ser. rcceived ;^ioo by writ of Privy Seal ° as a reward for his 
ix. 2. 562. services as sheriff. It speaks well for Sir Thomas's prudence 
and quietude that he escaped all complicity in the various 
Yorkist risings in the reign of Henry vii, and that he seems 
to have preserved his large estates intact in a time of so 
many illegal exactions and confiscations. 

As he is one of the earliest Gresleys whose birth we can 

fix within a year, so he is the first of the male line whose 

» Prerog. ct. will is extant". It is in English, dated 'Jan. 25, 1503,' and 

and^Bodl''MS. was provcd on Apr. 26, 1503, so that probably the first date 

Y^°'^^''^; fr''''' 's i5°3 ^ exceptionally : he died therefore in the first half 

York Reg. of 1503 (possibly 1504). The chief provisions are that he 

Index Libr .v: bcqueaths his body to be buried 'in the Monastery of 

239- Greisley before the High Awter the fader,' gives orders 

about his funeral, and makes some money bequests to the 

Priory and the Canons. There are mentions of the marriage 

contract of his son William with Benett Vernon, of ' Elyn 

and Marj' my ij daughters' unmarried, his other sons 'John, 

George, Robert and James,' and his wife ' Dame Anne ' who 

is his executor with the Prior. 

His wife was Anne daughter of Sir Thomas Ferrers of 
Tamworth Castle, she being a first cousin of her husband's 
stepmother, see pedigrees of Ferrers and Hastings. It is 
interesting to see the ancient connexion of the families of 
Gresley and Ferrers thus renewed, and not for the last time, 
as will be seen. She survived her husband, and proved his 
will on April 26, 1503. Their issue was :— 

1. William (born about 1475), see p. 64. 

2. John, born in 1481 or 1482, a Clerk in Holy Orders. In 1499 
1 P.-irkcr's John Gresley, Clerk, being then aged seventeen, had a Papal dispensation i 
Colton, p.200. to hold benefices without stint, and was made Rector of Colton '', but 
■■ Ibid, pp. resigned that position in the following year^ and apparently went to 
I ig, 199- Oxford. For this is no doubt the John Gresley who took the degrees of 
« Ibid. p. 199. g_ (3iy_ L_ and B. Can. L. at Oxford on July 7, 1507 '. On Dec. 31, 1506 ", 
' Oxf. Univ. he was admitted Principal of White Hall, that is to say, (apparently) 
'^''^' White Hall in Cheney Lane (Aula Alba major, in vico Catenarum) 
Ca'^c^O^on ^^'^ '•^^ adjoining White Hall (Aula Alba minor, super muros), and also 
■q, lol. a'. " Pery Hall : but he (' magister Johannes Grasley ') resigned his position 



Str Thomas Gresley (xiv) 63 

on Feb. lo, 1504", though he continued to Hve in White Hall till at Chap. IV. 
least March 150*^. One of the same names was Warden '^ of Ruthin 

Hospital, CO. Denbigh, in 1512, and was presented on April 12 of that ' Reg- Cur. 

year to the living of Norton in Hales y, co. Salop. A John Gresley of q JqI gr 

'Stapnell ' (Stapenhill) helped to draw up an inventory of the goods of „ n^jj ^^j 

Anne Gresley in 1555, see p. 67 : but it is very unlikely that this was 87', cf. 71', 

a son of Sir Thomas, for if John had not died before his elder brother 72', 73% 80'. 

William, that is to say before March 10, 152J, he would presumably ^ Foster's 

have succeeded to the Gresley estates, instead of George ; although in Oxon 

earlier centuries his orders might have debarred him. , g^jj j^jg 

3. George (born 1494), see p. 65. ?'''n''^*V' 

ir. Dugd. E. I. 

4. Robert occurs as a trustee on Feb. 10, i5?o', and in 1518-9 received ^ 

the manors of 'Oskethorp' (Osgathorpi " and Donisthorp from his Charter 463. 
brother George. It appears that he was married and had a son George, a Gresley 
for the will of Dame Katharine Gresley, his sister-in-law, dated 1572, Chartulary, p. 
mentions 'George Greisley, son to Robert Greisley ' : a George Gresley ^^ : Nichols, 
also was buried at Gresley cum Membris '■ on Oct. 8, 1591. Robert not ;;;_ gg^ 
being mentioned in the will was probably dead in 1572. b Gresley 

5. James does not occur in the Derbyshire Visitations, but is known '^S- 

from those of Staffordshire, and was the defendant in two law-suits ° of ° Due. Lane. 

1519-20 and 1531-2. His will'' dated May 30 (proved June 17I, 1536, '• 'S*- 

shows that he was ' of Hanbury ' and possessed a house at Blithbury : '' At Lichfield, 

also that his wife Katharine ® was alive, and a son George and another y^^^^ ^,jj' ^ 

son and daughter. The probate farther proves that his wife had had „ 5^,^ ^-^^^ 

a son 'Thomas Blont' by a former husband, and the accompanj'ing Due. Lane. i. 

inventory of his goods (which is dated Apr. 28, 1536) indicates that his i54- 
position was that of a gentleman freeholder at Hanbury. 

6. Elizabeth, whose name does not occur in either the Derbyshire or ' Gresley 
Staffordshire Visitations, is also the only child not mentioned in her Chartulary, 
father's Will. Perhaps this indicates that her marriage was against her ^' ' 
father's wishes. Of her existence there cannot well be doubt. She o.sVxv^T; 
married f first Sir John Montgomery (who died in 1513) and had Cox's Derb.' 
issue g by him :— Ellen, who married Sir John Vernon of Haddon Hall : ^hh. ni. 92, 
Anne who married Sir John Browne of Snelston : and Dorothy, of ' ^ ^' 
Cubley, who married Sir Thomas Giffard of Chillington •>. Elizabeth j^^gg. will'^'' 
married secondly, before (probably long before) 1536 , Sir John Giffard ' , ^^. .. 

of Chillington, whose first wife died in 1491, but he himself not till 1566. MS. Harl. " 

Their issue J was at least a daughter Frances who married Sir John 1187,101.94: 

Talbot of Grafton f. Sir John Giffard had first married Jane Hoord, and ^';hm°''8 "'''' 

their son Sir Thomas Giffard married, as we have seen, Dorothy p. 35. 

a daughter of his second wife by her first husband, exactly as had j Reh'quary, 

occurred with the De Wasteneys and Gresleys, see p. 51. as above ; 

7. Ellen, mentioned in her father's Will, and at that date (1503) a- 54, 58: 
unmarried : she subsequently married Sir Nicholas Strelley '' as his ' See pedi- 
second wife, but had no issue. gree. 



64 TJie Grcslcys of Drakeloive 

Chap. IV. 8. Mary, mentioned in her father's will, and also at that date un- 

■ married : she is probably the ' Maria daughter of Thomas Gresley 

See pedi- Knight,' who married Thomas Forsteri, the third son of Richard Forster 
of Evelith by his wife Margaret daughter of William Selman of Morton 
in Staffordshire, where the Gresleys had for a long time held property. 



XV Sir William Gresley, Kt. 

{b. abt. 1475 : d. 1521). 

The eldest son of Sir Thomas seems to appear first in 

■" Due. an Inquisition post mortem" dated '27 Hen. 7.' This must 

inqu. i, p. 6. of course be an error, perhaps for 20 Hen. 7 (1504-5) : in it 

'WiUiam de Gresley' accounts for the eight manors of 

Gresley, Lamberton, Linton, Ashby, Byldeston, Norton, 

-SaitSoc. Swatlington (Swadlincote), and Lullington. A fine" levied 

Mus! M.S " in 1519 shows that he then held the manors of Drakelowe, 

^^'^■^^V' P: Lullington, Castle Gresley, Linton, Oakthorpe, Donisthorp, 

Coiton, p. 120. Colton, Kingston, Morton (Norton?), Hixon, and Tutbury- 

Woodhouses ; as well as sixty messuages, and about three 

thousand acres of land in Staffordshire ; and also the manors 

of Osgathorpe and Morton in Leicestershire, Seaton Ross 

in Yorkshire, and Brasingburgh, Carleby and Boston in 

Lincolnshire. There is no reason to suppose the above lists 

exhaustive, but even so, they exhibit clearly the wealth and 

position of the Gresleys of Drakelowe at the beginning of 

the sixteenth century. 

Sir William was a member of the Inner Temple at London, 

p inder\vick's and we find that in 1505 and 1510 he was elected p a Marshal 

R "c'o'rds''i"^ " of that Society for the Christmas feast, but in each case 

i8^^2^o' ^^' "' refused to perform the duties of the post and was fined £\o— 

which he probably did not pay, for in 151? when Sir William 

was now a Knight and had distinguished himself in military 

« Ibid. p. 39. service abroad, the Parliament of the Society « thought it 

well to pardon him all ' offices, amercements and pensions 

past' (a singular collocation) for a fine of four marks, which 

was paid. 

There can be little doubt that he served in France and 
Flanders in the campaign of the summer and autumn of 1513, 
and was present at the Battle of Spurs (Aug. 16) and the 



Sir George Gresley (xv) 



capture of Terouanne (Aug. 22) and of Tournay (Sept. 24). Chap. iv. 

On the 14th of October his services were rewarded by knight- 

hood ■■ at the King's hand at Lisle. He did not however enjoy "■ Metcalfe's 

. . ' . Book of 

a long Hfe, having been born probably in about 1475, while Knights 

his death took place on March 10, 152J'. His autograph s\epheif^^' 

signature (' per me Wyllj'am Greysseley squyer ') and seal glover's 

occur on Gresley Charter 463, dated 10 Feb., 15^^ : this is Derby i 

the earliest Gresley autograph I have met with. p' 5^,^.' ^''''" 

He married Benedicta daughter of Sir Henry Vernon' coUo^n'p 120- 

of Haddon Hall: the contract before the marriage, between cf. aninac- 

the fathers of the bride and bridegroom, is dated 1496-7 " : ment in 

but there was no issue. This alliance must have cemented o.'s'.''xT'^66. 

the friendship between the two families, which it may be » Brit. Mus. 

hoped began, or was renewed, after the award of forty years ^^^^1%^. 

before (see p. 57). ' See pedi- 

By Alice Tawke Sir William had four sons (Thomas, ^'"'^' , 

■^ . " Gresley 

Edward, Humphrey and Antony) and possibly a daughter chartuiary, 
Ursula: all these assumed the name of Gresley, and their oniyV "^^'^ 
mother, who married Sir John Savage, disputed the suc- 
cession of Sir George Gresley to the family estates, but an 
award of Cardinal Wolsey is still extant '', dated Trinity Term ' Gresley 
1525, which decides against her claim. Lady Savage died ^ ^^" ''^^' 
in 1549'". Thomas was living at Milverton in 1577'': of was proved 
Edward we know nothing: Humphrey probably died in i5H^: , ^^ !^' '^*'' 
Anthony was alive in 1548 % and was the progenitor of Topogr. viii. 
a family of Gresley* or Grisling at Saltash in Devon and ^°*'.'^'^^^' 
Willingham and Laceby in Lincolnshire (the Gresley was proved 
Christian names which occur are William, Tohn, Thomas, ^-"''Sss- 

' •' ' ' ' Gresley 

Ambrose, Ursula, Elizabeth, and, by marriage. Rose). Other Chartuiary, 
names mentioned in Lady Savage's Will are ' Anne Gresley ^'J'^' , , . 

-' ° -^ " Lincolnshire 

my daughter in law ' and ' Gylis Gresley and his sister Visitations, 
Katherine,' but of these I know nothing. 1592.''^" 

Sir George Gresley, Kt. X'V 

(b. 1494 ? : d. 1548.) 
Sir George succeeded his brother William on March 10, ^,^"'-,'f"^- 

* ' MS. Add. 

152 V, and was twenty-six years old at that time: he was 6710, p. 58. 



66 



The Grcsleys of Drakelozvc 



' Brit. Mils. 
MS. Cotton 
Claud. C. iii, 



•i Notes of 
some familyes 
of -Stafford- 
shire, pr. ill 
Collectanea 
Topogr. et 
Geneal. iii 
(.1836% 339. 
- Brit. Mus. 
MS. Add. 
6710, p. 133; 
Add. 666q, 
fol.631; Harl. 
756, fol. 491. 
' Reg. of tlie 
Prerog. Ct. of 
Canterbury, 
e Staffordsli. 
Visitation, 
1583. 



>■ See also 
Brit. Mus. 
MS. Add. 
6671, p. 56. 
' Staff. Visita- 
tion, 1583. 
i At Liclifield. 
Index Libr. 
vii. a 1 8-9. 

k Brit. Mus. 
MS. Add. 
6697, fol. 488. 

Admission 
Register. 



born therefore between March 11, 149!, and March 10, 149*. 
The award of Cardinal Wolsey by which he was confirmed 
in his large estates has been mentioned. Few facts of his 
life are known, except that he was made a Knight of the 
Bath^ at the Coronation of Anne Boleyn on June i, 1533, 
and that he was twice Sheriff of Staffordshire (in 1537-8 and 
1544-5, in the former case being described as ' of Kny- 
persley'). Leland •• records (presumably in about 1540) that 
' Sir George Gresley dwelleth at the Mannor place of Coleton, 
and hath a greate parke there vpon Trent a mile lower then 
Haywod; hee hath vpon Trent, a mile lower then Burton 
Towne, a very fayre mannor place and parke, at Draykelo.' 
He died on April 21, 1548^ his WilF being dated April 19, 
1548, and proved on June 16 following. He desired to be 
buried in Gresley Church and left everything to his wife 
Katherine. 

His first wife was Margaret » daughter of John Mulsho 
of Thingdon or Finden in Northamptonshire, by whom he 
had two children, William and Katherine. The marriage 
must have been before 1524. Their issue was : — 

1. William (born 1524), see p. 67. 

2. Katherine, who married Edward Winter of Wortliington in 
Leicestershire. In Sept. 1555 they execute a quit-claim to Sir William 
her brother of some lands given to her father, Sir George, in trust for 
her in 1537. Both were alive in 1572, the date of her stepmother's will : 
for their issue see pedigree. 

Sir George married secondly (and, to judge by dates below, 
in about 1530'') Katherine' one of fifteen children of John 
Sutton Lord Dudley, by whom he had two sons and three 
daughters, as below. She long survived her husband, for her 
WillJ is dated April 22, 1572, and was proved on April 12, 
1574, so she died between the two dates. There is also an 
inventory of her goods at Drakelowe taken March 7, 157?. 
She desired to be buried in the chancel of Gresley Church 
' with or neare unto my . . . late husband,' and left numerous 
small legacies to her relatives. Her children were : — 

3 (i). Edward, who was perhaps a co-trustee as early as 1534'', was 
admitted to Gray's Inn ', London, in 1550 : a letter from him (of 1559?) is 



Sir IVilliam Gresley (xvi) 67 

in Lord Bagot's possession"". He was buried on April 4, 1594°, at Chap. IV. 

Alrevvas, where he had lived for some years. His monument, in- ^ " 

correctly described by Shaw, was re-discovered in 1854, when the Comm. iv. 

church was restored. His wife was Anne Corbet, and they had issue, 332. 

see pedigree iv. R^'.T^ot 

4 (2). Elizabeth, who married Charles Somerset (the marriage license ~^^3. as 

is dated July 29, 1557°) : both were alive in 1572 p, and they had issue, Staffordshire 

see pedigree xlvii. i. 135. 

» Notes on 

5 (3). Thomas, a puzzling personage. A Thomas Gresley married Nichols' 
Jane i daughter of Elizabeth Beaufo of Milverton : yet a Gresley also Gresley Pedi- 
married an Alice'' daughter of John Beaufo (who d. 1516) by Elizabeth. Wolferstaii. ' 
Again a Thomas Gresley married Dorothy' daughter of William p Her 
Dethick of Newhall : yet a good pedigree' states that Francis Dethick mother's Will. 

. , . , r\-- ^ ^ , A • 'T-i. r- 1 " Dugd. War- 
married a daughter of Sir George Gresley. Again a Thomas Gresley ^vjckshire, p. 

of Criche married an Elena ^ to whom administration of his goods was 189: her 

granted at Derby 1598. These marriages I cannot at present disentangle, mo'her s WUl 

but it is a crowning defeat to find that Dame Katherine Gresley, this ms! Dugd. ii. 

Thomas's mother, in her Will of 1572, leaves legacies to the six children i, p. 80. 

of her son Thomas hy Margaret 'his supposed wife'! Thomas seems ^ .^^'"^''• 

to have resided chiefly at LuUington, and was alive in 1551" but died jg^^. 

before April 1572, the date of his mother's Will. See pedigree v. see p 156. 

6 Bodl- MS. 

6 (4). Anne, of whom we know nothing except her Will *, which is Wood F. 23, 
dated July 31, 1551, and proved May 19, 1555: there is also an inventory "°- =48; 

of her goods on May 31, 1555. Her mother is sole executrix. n!^S%^^ '79. 

7 (5). Elinor, administration of whose goods was granted on Jan. 27, 
155! y, to Edward Gresley her brother as against William Gresley her in Q 

half-brother. ?°"-;°-'''") 

Mb. F. 24.. 
" His sister Anne's Will. » At Lichfield. ? Prerog. 



Ha 
(Clarencienx) 



Sir William Gresley, Kt. X'Vi 

(A. 1524?: rf. 1573.) ^Strype's 

Memorials 

The eldest son of Sir George Gresley was aged 23 on (1822) iii, pt. 
April 21, 1548, when his father died, and was therefore born Mac'hyn's 
between April 22, 1524, and April 21, 1525. On Oct. 2, 1553, ^Jn'so^'c^xm) 



Knight ^ in the Queen's presence at Westminster, being MS. i. 7, foi. 

thirty-second in a list of ninety. He, Sir Simon Harcourt «*Actsof 

and two others were deputed by the Privy Council* on Pr^^'y Council, 

Jan. 19, 155^,10 levy, furnish and lead three hundred (18931, p. 244. 



68 The Greslcys of Drakelowe 

Chap. IV. Staffordshire men for service at Berwick, to check a 

threatened Scotch invasion, and in 1561-2 he was High 

Sheriff of Staffordshire : but on the whole Sir Wilham seems 

to have led a quiet and uneventful life. He added to his 

large estates, not only by his marriage, but by obtaining 

Charter 484 ; a couvcyancc from Lord Berkeley '' of all his lands about 

"uves oHhe ^ Drakclowe, including the manors of Rosliston, Coton and 

Berkeieys ii Lintou. His death took place on May 24, is?'^'"- 

(1883), p. 357. . ^ , J t> OID 

<■ See p. 74: Probably in 1548'^, possibly a little earlier, he married 
but May 23rd Katherine, daughter of Sir Edward Aston of Tixall, and she 

in Brit. Mus. . . 

Mss. Add. survived her husband till at least 1576", but was dead on 
6669I foi^64i. Sept. g, 1585, when administration ' of her goods was granted 
•> Gresiey to her soH Thomas. 

Charter 478. 

" Parker's Their issuc was : — 

Colton p. 123. 

' Lichfield I- Thomas (born Nov. 3, 15521, see p. 69. 

Act. Book, 2 Simon, born between Nov. 25, 1560 and Nov. 24, 1561, for on 

Nov. 24, 1581, when he and his younger brother matriculated together at 
readily find Merton College, Oxford, he was aged twenty, and his brother fifteen : but 
any account neither took any degree at the University. He married, i. Anne eldest 
of this family daughter of Thomas Wood esq. of GrowteyS (by whom he had no 
arms^were, on issue : she died on April 21, 1591, and was buried at Staunton in 
a bend three Worcestershire'', where her monument still is, with verses to her 
fleurs de lys. honour). 2. Anne daughter of Humphrey Dixwell Esq. of Church 
•> Nash's Wor- Over in Warwickshire, widow of Edward Broughton Esq. of Longdon 
ces ers ire 11. .^ Staffordshire, who was alive in 1610' : for their issue see pedigree vi. 
' Fin 1 C n This Simon has been the cause of some errors : he is called Stephen in 
cord of Easter the Staflbrdshire Visitation of 1583, and is actually on the Aston monu- 
1610, owned ment in St. Mary's church at StaflbrdJ recorded as the husband of 
N Vf Grei- Katherine Aston, his mother! A Simon Gresiey also married Anne 
ley. Hetherington'' at St. Dunstan's in the West, London, on May 28, 1587, 

s Bodl. M.S. but, assuming this to be correct, I know nothing of either, unless Anne 
Ashm. 853, Wood married firstly a Hetherington, and secondly Simon Gresiey. 
P- '•*'• From Simon's Will in the Prerogative Court of London, dated Jan. 4, 

163!;, and proved June 14, 1637, and Sept. 30, 1647, we learn that he 
resided at the close of his life at Appleton (part of Great Budworth 
Brit Mus. parish) in Cheshire, and that his second wife was buried at Great 
MS. Harl. Budworth, where he also desired to be buried. 

61 

23'. 



Coll 
Topog 
214 



3. Hastings, born between Nov. 25, 1565, and Nov. 24, 1566. see above: 

Her Will but little is known of him, except his matriculation at Merton. He 

at Lichfield married Elizabeth' widow of William Francis of Foremark, she herself 

'^roved'"i'n hieing a daughter of William Francis of Ticknall, see the Burdet 

1635. pedigree: she was for the second time a widow in 1635™. Her daughter 



Sir Thomas Gresley (xvii) 69 

by her former husband married a Burdet and was the mother of Bridget Chap. IV. 
Burdet who married Thomas Gresley son of the first Baronet. 

Next follow four daughters, whose relative order is as below, but some 
of whom may be older than their brothers, and one of whom probably 
married William Horton Esq., as he is called in Sir Thomas Gresley's 
Will 'my brother-in-law': he was probably one of the Hortons of 
Catton in Derbyshire. 

4. Jane. 

5. Mary occurs as a god-parent on Jan. 9, 1585°. n Burton 

6. Elizabeth died without issue. S," '.■"'^"' 

Register. 

7. Grace, who married Sir Thomas Wolseley of Wolseley in Stafford- 
shire, and thus connected what were probably the two most ancient and 
honourable families in the district: but she had no children. It is 
perhaps not quite certain whether Grace or her sister Mary married 
Sir Thomas : whichever did so died before 1598. 



Sir Thomas Gresley, Kt. XVU 

[b. 1552 : d. 1610.) 

As he was 20 years, 6 months and 20 days old at his 
father's death on May 24, 1573, he was born on Nov. 3, 1552, 
but it is noticeable that he was not sent to Oxford for 
education, although his younger brothers and eldest son 
were sent there. In fact the ' fashion ' of sending the young 
nobility and gentry to the Universities was only just coming 
in under the influence of Queen Elizabeth, who turned to 
her Universities when she desired public servants either in 
Church or State. As Sir Thomas was still a minor when 
his father died, he had to obtain from the Crown when he 
came of age (the deeds are dated June 16, 1574) a grant of 
his own wardship and marriage, and the Court of Wards and 
Liveries required a schedule of all the property concerned, 
two copies of which are now at Drakelowe ° : see p. 74. ° Gresley 

Sir Thomas's public career began when he was Sheriff of sI'Tr")?. ii 



87- 



Staffordshire, in 1583-4, and an eventful year it was for him. '^^"t ^I^' 

' ^ ^ ^' J Add. 6710, ] 

Mary Queen of Scots had been staying at Sheffield, but 238; 6669, 
towards the close of Sir Thomas's year of office it was Hari.''75'7, p 
decided to remove her thence to Wingfield and so to '35- 
Tutbury Castle. Her retinue, though reduced, was large 
enough to cause considerable embarrassment and trouble, 



70 



The Greslcys of Drakclozve 



r Printed in 
Shaw's Staf- 
fordshire i, 
appendix pp, 
13-17, &c. 



1 Hist. MSS. 
Comm. iv. 



the Castle not being suitably furnished and by all accounts 
a cold and damp place for an invalid Queen. The corre- 
spondence p between Sir Ralph Sadler, to whom the Queen 
had been entrusted, and Secretary Walsingham, a relative of 
Lady Gresley, is a vivid picture of the labour and anxiety 
involved in the move to Tutbury. One expedient for making 
Tutbury comfortable was to transfer from Lord Paget's 
house at Burton (or Beaudesert?) some 'household stuff,' 
including the valuable hangings on the wall : for that house 
was being dismantled in consequence of its owner's with- 
drawal to France as a suspected Roman Catholic ready 
to aid the Scottish Queen. As early as Dec. 18, 1583, 
Sir Thomas, or ' Thomas Gresley Esquire ' as he then was, 
had received an order '^ to take an inventory of Lord Paget's 
goods both at Burton and Beaudesert, and it appears that he 
not only did so but under authority sold some hangings of 
value and some beds to 'Mr. Digby' and 'Mr. Ferrers.' 
Now these hangings were exactly what were wanted for 
Tutbury! Accordingly after an order of Nov. 7, 1584, to 
convey Lord Paget's household stuff to Tutbury, the 
hangings were enquired for, and found to have been sold. 
The crisis was acute when the Queen of Scots moved from 
Wingfield to Derby on Jan. 13, 1581, and reached Tutbury 
Castle on the following day. The fact that ' x peces of 
hangings which wer in my L. great chambre' had been sold, 
and the Queen's complaints of her cold welcome at Tutbury 
reached Queen Elizabeth's ears, and she in much displeasure 
sent an emphatic message on Feb. 18, 158I, that the hangings 
were to be recovered. The ex-sheriff did his best, and 
recovered eight pieces from Ferrers, but nothing from 
Digby. Matters at last quieted down, and when Mary's last 
journey to Fotheringay took place, Sir Thomas was ordered 
Erdeswick's to attend her '. The details are well known, how she was 
given opportunities for complicity in Babington's conspirac}', 
was arrested at Chartley, was removed to Fotheringay on 
Sept. 25, 1586, tried on Oct. 14-15, and executed on Feb. 8 
following. 



Staffordshire 
P- 533- 



Sir Thomas Gresley (xvii) 



That Sir Thomas was a leading man in pubhc affairs in Chap. iv. 
Derbyshire and Staffordshire, is evinced by his captaincy of 
the Derbyshire Horse " for many years, and the frequent » Hist. mss. 
mention of him in connexion with musters and levies, as in gj",""' d. ""'' 
1587', 1588", 1595 ^ i|2ff", i6op. He was also Sheriff of ^'599'- 
Derbj'shire in 1591-2, and 1603-4, and Deputy Lieutenant 267,376^°' 
of the county in 1600 y. At last he was rewarded by James i, ■> Cox's Derb. 
in his progress from Scotland to London, with Knighthood, cf"i'i.Vo2,\o4. 
conferred on him at Worksop on April 21, 1603 ^ ' Derb. Arch. 

It is to be feared that these public services involved °'^-''™-33. 

*^ " Ibid. 40. 

Sir Thomas in debt : at any rate he was the first Gresley , jbjd. 42-5. 
who set the example of selling any of the larger estates of ? Co.^c•s Derb. 
the family. His father had sold the distant Wasteneys ^ ""' '' f,?*?" 

-^ . Metcalte s 

manor of Braceborough *, but now the son, with the consent Bk. of 
of his son George sold the manor of Colton '' on June 2, 1609, j^o.^ ^''^' 
to Sir Walter Aston for ^13,000: and seems also to have " Brit. Mus. 
disposed of his land at Blithbury", Kingston '', Callowhill* 6671, p. 51. 
and Loxley^ and some perhaps elsewhere. '' ibid p. 53. 

He died in Sept. 1610, being buried at Gresley" on the c.liton'"^ ^26 
6th of that month. His WilF is dated July 20 in that year d g^jt soc. 
and was proved on the Oct. 26 following : Dorothy Gresley ^^'- '3'- 
his daughter was the sole executrix. Reg.'^^ '^^ 

Sir Thomas Gresley seems to have been married three ' Prerof?. 

Court of 

times : first, in about 1573. to Elizabeth eldest daughter of canterb. 
Tames Harvey'* citizen and merchant of Lime Street in '*^''.'' ?'"^- 

•' -' MS. Add. 

London, and as Sir Thomas's second wife had a family of 6671, pp. 
eight before 1585, the first wife must have soon died : she ^j,^ p. i^."^ ' 
certainly had no children by Sir Thomas. 

Reg. 

Walsingham of Beadhay, Kent, and Scadbury in Stafford- i> cresiey 
shire. She was baptized at Chiselhurst^ in Kent on Ian. 8, ^If' ^ „ 

f^ . . ' Norfolk 

i^ll, and must have married early, for she was buried on Visitations, 
Dec. 18, 1585, at Gresley '', and had had eight children. \^^_ '^''^' 

The third wife (after 1595) was Mary, illegitimate daughter J 'Coiiins 
of Sir Richard Southwell of Woodrising in Norfolk. She Seymour's 
had already married three times', i. Henry son and heir D°urypcdi?^' 
of Sir Thomas Paston : 2. (in 1573) Dr. William Drury-*, gree ms.' 



72 The Grcslcys of Drakclozve 

Chap. IV. a Master in Chancery, who died on Dec. 15, 1589, and was 
buried at St. Mary Magdalen, Old Fish St., London: 3. Robert 
Forde, D.C.L., who died in 1595. Mary herself, who seems 
to have had no children by any of her husbands, died in 1622. 
She is not mentioned in Sir Thomas's Will, and was buried 
in the same church as her second husband. 

The children of Sir Thomas Gresley by his second wife 
were : — 

I. Katharine, who married first Francis Dethick Esq. of Newhall, 

a great-nephew of Dorothy Dethick who married Thomas Gresley, 

see p. 67 : secondly Sir Bartholomew Hales of Snitterfield, and thirdly 

Edward Gibbs, who died in about 1633-4. Katharine herself died 

between April 10, 1635, the date of a codicil of her Will, and Aug. 6, 1635, 

' In the when it was proved ''. She was distinguished from her next sister by 

Prerog. Court being called Katharine of Kent 1, having perhaps had part of her mother's 

burv'"^'" property in that county settled on her. She perhaps had a daughter 

1 jyjg QYiet- Elizabeth by her second husband "'. 

wynd 2. Katharine, the second daughter of that name, who was the first 

?5 ."^'^'^.^ ", , wife of Sir Richard Harpur of Swarkston (who afterwards married 
Staffordshire Katharine's first cousin Elizabeth, see ped. vi) : he died in April 1619. 
P- 217- She was sometimes known as Katharine of York'. 

ra Warvv. 2 Henry, the eldest son, was probably born in 1579, since he was four 

,5,__ ' years old in 1583°, and was fifteen years old when he matriculated at 
" Staff, and Balliol College, Oxford, in Nov. 1594. He supplicated for the degree 
Derb. Visita- of B.A. on May 27, 1597. but died in the following year and was buried 
of 1503- at Gresley on Sept. 16, 15980. 

George (born 1580: the first Baronet), see p. 80. 

5. John, probably born in 1581, since when matriculated at his eldest 
brother's College on Jan. 20, 159J, he was aged 16. He married Joan 
daughter of Jasper More of Larden in Shropshire, and in 1613 was 

p Matric. living in Shrewsbury P. From him descended the long line of Worcester- 

record of his shire and Bristol Gresleys, whose fortunes are traced in chapter vii of the 
son Henry. present work. A John Gresley was buried at Gresley on Nov. 18, 1623"'. 

6. William was born in 1583 or early in 1584, since he was nineteen when 
he matriculated at Gloucester Hall, Oxford, on Jan. 28, 1603. He may be 
the ' William Gresley ' who wrote a motto in Bodl. MS. Digby 230, fol. 224. 

7. Dorothy was born on Aug. 28, and baptized on Sept. 11, 1584, at or 
' Burton Reg. near Burton on Trent "• : she married (after 1609') Sir Alexander Barlow 
" Her father's of Barlow Moor in Shropshire, who died in 1642, a Roman Catholic': 
Will. Dorothy was his second wife, and survived him. 

' Cheth. Sec. 8. Walsingham, the youngest child, was perhaps the most distinguished. 

Ixxv, p. 46. j^g ^gg born in the summer or autumn of 1585, and entered at Gloucester 
Hall, Oxford, on the same day as his brother William, Jan. 28, 1605, 
aged 17. In 1619 he was employed on foreign service on behalf of the 



Grcsl. Reg. 



1 Gresley 
Reg, 



Sir Thomas Greslcy (xvii) 73 

King, being attached to the British Embassy at Madrid, whence he Chap. IV. 

writes a poUtical newsletter" to Sir Thomas Pelham on 'Jan. 22, 1619 ' 

(i6^j;?). At about the same time he was despatched to Sardinia to ° Cartwright's 

demand the restitution of a British ship ^ seized by the Viceroy of that ^''^^^er, 

island, but was himself taken on the way by Turkish men of war and e. Shirley's 

carried a slave to Algiers. He seems however to have returned safely Stemmata 

to Spain, for on Dec. if, 1622, he sends Spanish news" to Sir Robert gnj'^Jj^"^' 

Seymour, but was apparently passing from England to Spain again in p. 283;' 

March or April 1623^. In Aug. 1623 y he was again despatched to E.Shirley's 

Madrid on an important mission about the Spanish Match, but by the g^Qt'liers 

February following he had returned to London^. In Jan. 163;} there is (Roxburghe 

a long letter" from him describing the arrival of Viscount Wentworth in Club, 1848), 

Ireland as Lord Deputy, and the ceremonies which attended it. But P" '" 

shortly after he died, on Oct. 28, 1633, at Sherborne, and was buried Lr(j?sg'"^' 

there on Oct. 30, as the Sherborne Registers show. It is singular that Epistolse Ho- 

his monument (see below) gives a wrong date. No doubt his employ- elianae (1892) 

ment on public service was partly due to his mother being related to PP' '^®' '°^- 

Sir Francis Walsingham of Elizabethan fame : but it is clear also that he Ijs AHH "^' 

found a life-long patron in Sir John Digby the first Earl of Bristol, zqp';;^, fol. 60: 

whose diversified life and long political connexion with the Spanish cf. Hist. MSS. 

Court are well known. There is not evidence enough to show in detail ^°"""- "ii, 

the relation of Walsingham Gresley to the Earl, but it is expressed in x.'pt. 4J p. ' 

general terms on the Gresley Monument at Sherborne, the inscription 388. 

on which runs 'Hie iacet Walsingham : Gresley . . . qui lo: Com'-': ' Hist. MSS. 

Bristol : apud exteras nationes domiq: prosperis, et adversis : amore ac Comm. vii, 

fidelitate inservivit in cuius rei memoria hoc ei monumentum posuit,' the Bnt. Mus.' 

date of his death being given as on Nov. 4 (not 14), 1633, and his age as MS. Add. 

forty-eight. He was never married. 33084, fol. 

The above order of the children is certainly correct. Erdeswick's 

-^ Staftordsh. 

P- 218. 

y Epistol.-c 

It may be here mentioned that J. Payne Collier, in his (1892, pp. 
New Particulars regarding the Works of Shakespeare (1836), ^ ' 
p. 65, mentions some verses signed ' W. Sh.,' four of which « Printed at 
(beginning 'The fruict that is to earlie gotten ') are supposed 
to be spoken by ' M'' [Mistress] Gresley,' but the reference 
is not known. 

The Law Reports give an account of ' Greisley's Case ' in 
Trinity Term 30 Eliz. (1588) in the Common Pleas, which 
was a question of the right of distraint in the manor of 
Kingston, of which Sir Thomas Gresley was Lord. Re- 
ferences to the Reports containing this case will be found in 
the Rcpcrtoriiun Jundicnm (1742), p. 31, and elsewhere. 



3. 70. 



74 



The Gresleys of Drakeloivc 



Vxl". 



NOTE A. 

(See p. 69.) 

The extent and clere yerelye value of all the Lordshippes Manners 
Landes tenementes and heredytamentes Late of sir WiHiam Gresley 
knight deceased the xxiiij''' daye of maye Laste paste before the fyndinge 
of the office &c. And which bene discended and commen in possessyone 
and revercion to Thomas Gresley esquier sonne and heyer of the said 
sir William beinge of the age of twentye yeres sixe monethes and 
twentye Dayes at the deathe of the said sir Wylliam As by an office 
thereof founde at Derbj'e in the countye of Derbye the seconde daye of 
September Anno decimo quinto domine Elizabethe Regine &c. appeareth 
videlicet 

Comitatus Derbiensis. 

' The Manners of Drakelowe and^ 
Caldwall with thappurtenaunces in the 
countye of Derbye and dyverse Landes 
tenementes rentes and heredytamentes 
with thappurtenaunces in Drakelowe 
and Caldwall Staplehill and Walton 
vpon Trent parcell of the said m 
of Drakelowe and Caldwall are holden 
of the quenes Maiestie as of her honor 
of Tutberye by knightes seruice that is 
to saye by a whole knightes fee and 
are by yere aboue all charges 

Comitatus StafTordiensis. 

'The Manor of Colton with thappur-\ 
tenaunces and Dyverse Landes tene- 
mentes and heredytamentes in Colton 
Colwiche Newland and Blytheburye ) xxxvj" 
are holden of Edward Lord Stafibrd 
per seruicium ignoratum and are by I 
yere aboue all charges 

The Mannor of Kmgeston with thap- 
purtenaunces and all Landes tene- 
mentes and heredytamentes in Kinge- 
ston Leeshill and Loxley are holden 
of Henrye Erie of Arundell per que 
seruicia ignoratur and are by yere 
aboue all charges / 1 

' [ill niaygin] In the possessyone of the ladye katheryne Gresley widowe late 
wief of sir George Gresley knight decessed for terme of her lief in the name of her 
ioyntor. 

' [iH margin'] In possessyone of the Ladye Katheryne Grcilcy widowe Late wicf 
of sir William Gresley knighte for terrae of her lief. 



Vxlviij". 



Sir Thomas Gresley (xvii) 



75 



Comitatus Derbiensis. 



xiij". vj'. viij'*. 



with all and singuler thappurtenaunces 
ys holden of the quenes Maiestie in }• xv'' 
chief by knightes seruice and are by 
yere aboue all charges ■' 

' The Manner of Castle Gresley with \ 
thappurtenaunces in Castle Gresley I 
with thappurtenaunces and Duran- 
thorpe alias Donasthorpe ys holden of \ 
the quenes Maiestie as of her honor 
of Tutberye by the sixte parte of a 
knightes fee and are by yere aboue all 
charges 

The Manor of Lolington alias Lulling- , 
ton with the appurtenaunces in Lull- 
ington and Walton vpon trent is holden 
of the quenes Maiestie as of her honor 
of Tutberye by knightes seruice and are 
by yere aboue all charges 

The Mannor of Rostlaston with all \ 
and singuler the appurtenaunces in 
Lynton ys holden of Humfrey Ferrars I .,j 
esquier as of his Manor of Walton vpon 
trent by fealtye and rent of vj'^. and are 
by yere aboue all charges ' 

The moytie of the Manor of Overseale \ 
and Netherseale with thappurtenaunces 
are holden of the Quenes Maiestie in Vxiiij". 
chief by the xl"^ parte of a knightes fee 
and ys by yere aboue all charges '' 

Comitatus Staffbrdiensis. 
The Manors of Moreton and Huxton' 
with all and singuler thappurtenaunces 
and dyverse Landes tenementes and 
heredytamentes with thappurtenaunces 
in Moreton Huxton alias Hyxton and Vx". xvj°. viij'' 
Adinaston are holden of the Lord Pagctt 
as of his manor of haywood per serui- I 
cium ignoratum and are by yere aboue I 
all charges / 



iiijix". iij'. iiij''. 



' {in margin'] Whereof the Manor of Gresley in the countye of Derbye the 
manors of Sloreton and Hixton Landes and tenementes in Ncwiand Cohviche 
Admaston Leeshill Loxley Bromcshoulse Kingeston Calohill Grynley and Blithc- 
bury in tlie countye of Stafford arc assured to ihusc of the said Thomas Gresley and 



76 The Gresleys of Drakelowe 

' Dyverse Landes tenementes and \ 
heredytamentes with thappurtenaunces 
in Tutberye and Tutberye Woodhousen 
are holden of the quenes Maiestie as of \ 
her honor of Tutberye by knightes 
seruice and are by yere aboue 
charges 

SummaTotalis ciiij iij''. iij=. iiij*. whereof the heyer was ioynte purchaser 
of Landes to the value of xiiij". by the yere and so remayneth to 
the heire in possessyone and Revercion Landes to the value of 
clxix''. iij8. iiijJ. 



Letter from Walsingham Gresley describing Lord 
Wentworth's Arrival in Dublin, Jan. 1635. 

(See p. 73 : printed from a MS. which was recently in the possession 

of Mr. J. E. Cornish, bookseller, of Manchester : see also 

Hist. MSS. Comm. iii. p. 211.) 

Syr, wee are now vpon our returne to the North, and I hope this will 
bee the last tyme I shall write to you from hence, and therefore had 
I not bine surprised with the suddaine departure of this Messenger 
I would haue written more at large. My lords of Essex and Cromwell 
with theire good Company arrived here on Satterdaie last, and were 
mett 5 myles off and brought in with greate state by the lorde Justice, 
lord Primate, and all people of quallitie that were about this Towne, and 
the highwayes and streets especially soe thronged with people to see 
him, that hardly could the Coaches passe, I thinke his Father in all his 
glory here was not more ioyfuUy received, which wee thought was 
highly expressed in the phrase of the Countrie by an old Irish woeman, 

of theires males of his bod.ve laufully begotten and for defalte of suche issue to the 
right heires of the said sir Will. am Albo the Manners of loUings alias LuUington 
Roselaston and Cooton alias Coott-s and landes in lenton duranstrop alias Donas- 
trop and Stapenhill were forfeyted by the said sir William Gresley to James 
harvye cytizen and alderman of london and by the same James assured to Symon 
harecourte esquier and others to thuse of the said sir William for terme of his lief 
withowt ymptchement of waste and after his decease to thuse of the said Thomas 
Gresley and of theires males of his bodj'e of the bodye of Elizabeth harvye to 
be begotten and for defalte of suche issue to thuse of theires males of the said sir 
William &c. Lykewise the moytie of the Manors of Overseale and Netherseale 
alias Magna Seale were ioyntlie purchased of the right honorable Walter Erie of 
Essex by the said sir William Gr.-sley and Thomas his Sonne and to the heires 
of the said Thomas. 

' [in mnrgiii I Assured to Edward Gresley for terme of his lief by sir George 
Gresley knighte father of the said sir William and Edwarde. 



S/r Tliomas Grcsley (xvii) 77 

that cryed out aloud ' blest bee the tyme that I Hue to see a Sonne of thie 
Father here.' 

On the Tewsday followinge the longe expected Lord Deputie arrived 
here somewhat early in the morninge, the wynde blowinge stiffe, hee 
could not land at the Hoe, where that lord had provided dinner for him, 
but was brought by the Shipps Pinnace to Lowhy where hee landed ere 
the Justices had any notice of his arrivall, yet the lorde Corke hastned 
to meete him, and brought him in his Coach to the Castle, but soe priuatly 
that there was not soe much as one peece of ordinance shott off, yet by 
that tyme hee came thither, the presse of ordinarie people was such as 
theie were forced to pull vpp the drawebridge of the Castle, and his 
lordshipp would admitt of noe visitts all that day, but went ymediatly 
to bedd to his Lady, whoe vntill that instant had noe other title, nor place 
giuen her here but that of Mistris Rodes, although now wee heare shee 
was married to him six weekes before hee sent her hither. 

On Wednesdaie hee admitted all visitts which were decently performed 
by the Lorde Justices, Councel Judges, Nobillity, Captaines, and Magis- 
trates of the Towne, which his lordshipp repayed to most of them and to 
my Lord of Essex first of all, givinge him place in all places where 
theie mett. 

Vpon Thursday hee receiued the Sword (not in the Church as is usually 
the Custome), some say the reason hereof was because the lord Primate 
at the instance of the lords Justices havinge provided a Sermon for that 
Solempnity the Archbishopp of this Towne would not giue way to him, 
but the true reasone was that his lordshipp did it to avoyd publique 
fausto but the Common Voyce is not herewith satisfied, but seemes to 
murmer that theire ancyent Customes are by him slighted. Twoe of the 
Clock in the Afternoone was the hower appointed for this Ceremony, 
and the place was the Councell Chamber. The manner was thus. The 
Lords Justices with the body of the Councell came first into the Presence 
Chamber, and soe into the Gallery, the Lorde Deputie instantly came out 
to them and theie hauinge made a shorte speech vnto him in his eare 
whisperinge like ; the Deputie it seemes would haue had them gon 
through the Gallery into the Councell Chamber, but the lord Chancellor 
told him it was more proper at that tyme to goe more publiquely 
thither, wherevpon it was soe agreed, and hee followinge the Lords 
Justices, theie went through the presence greate Chamber and soe 
through the Courte vpp into the Councell Chamber, where the full 
Councell sittinge, the Deputie stood at a corner of the board, whilest 
Mr. Wanisford (whoe the day before was sworne Master of the Rolls) 
read his commission ; the Lord Mount Morris as Secretarie of State 
havinge it in revercion after Sir Dudley Norton whoe may well bee 
Invilaid \sic\ read the kings letter to the lords Justices for the deliueringe 
vp the sword, givinge reasons for his longe stay and requiringe them to 
admininister the oathe vnto him, which hee havinge taken the lord 
Chauncellor made a speech vnto him in what state theie now left the 
kingdome, noe libell out, or any kinde of Commotion but many things 



The Grcsleys of Drakclozve 



there were worthie of reformation ; which theie as faithful! Councellors 
would at fitt tymes acquainte his Lordshipp with, and soe deliueringe 
the Ensignes of his authoritie to the Deputie his Lordshipp held the 
sword in his hand [and] sittinge downe in the Chaire of State made a very 
good speech vnto the board tellinge them that hee would bee noe 
vpholder of Factions amongst them, but should esteeme of them most that 
most stroue to effect the kings service, that theie should finde him neuer to 
faile of his word. Hee said hee had heard there had bine some distast 
taken at the takinge from euery Company twoe for the raisinge of him- 
selfe a Troope of horse, and foote, he protested it was not his owne 
doeinge ; but when hee was declared Deputie there was neuer a troope 
for him, which was the cause hee came not ouer presently. That after 
the first Company that should fall hee would promise that the second of 
each Company hee had taken to make vpp this should bee restored 
back to them againe, and that hee did not meane to appropriate it to his 
owne persone, but annex the Company of foote and horse to his place, 
that theie might bee as a guard, alwayes to the succeedinge Deputies, and 
Lords Justices, for said hee as hee held it vnfitt for a Deputie to seeke 
a Company, soe hee thought very vnfitt that after a Deputie were remoued 
that hee should still retayne his Companie. Therein hee touched the 
lord of Faulkland, whoe retayned his. 

Havinge made an end of his Speech he deliuered the kings letter 
to bee read for the makinge of the Master of the Rolles one of the 
Councell, whoe havinge taken his oathe and his place the Deputie 
deliuered his Sword to the Earle of Castell Hauen (which had bine 
carried thither before the Justices by a knight) and soe the Justices 
followinge him theie returned him the same way theie came and cominge 
into the Presence Chamber hee caused them to make a stand, and 
cominge before the Cloath of State hee made twoe lowe, and humble 
courtesies to the Kings and Queenes pictures, which hang on each side 
the State, and fixinge his eye with much seriousness shewed a kinde 
of devotion. Then takinge the sword into his hand, hee missed there 
a yonge Gentleman his Cozen Danby (whoe is married to the Master oi 
the Rolles his daughter), the gentleman cominge out of the Crowd 
presented himselfe before him on his knee, and by him Master George 
Wentworth the Deputies brother whoe was first knighted, then Danby, 
and after him one Master Remington a very yonge Gentleman vnder 
yeares whoe hopes to haue his wardshipp thereby, for his father is very 
old, and sickly. 

Havinge done this hee went into the Privie Chamber, where his Lady 
stoode accompayned with the Countesse of Tirconnell, and diucrse 
other Ladyes. And here was the first place hee declared his lady to 
bee his wife, which was by presentinge her to bee saluted by the 
Justices with a kisse from each one. When hee came from the Councell 
Chamber all the ordenance of the Castell were shott oft". And this is all 
the part of the Ceremony I observed, which I thinke wortiiie of your 
knowledge. It is thought on Sonnday next hee will make more knights. 



Sir Thomas Gresley (xvii) 79 

There is come ouer with his lordshipp Master Phillipp Manwaringe, 
whoe theie say shall haue some place here, but I can learne none vacant, 
yet guesse it may bee the Secretaries place, for Sir Dudley Norton 
beinge a miserable spectacle of mortallitie it may bee will willingly 
resigne to him havinge bine formerly fellowe seruants to the late Earle 
of Salisbury. 

Syr I must desire you to make my excuse to my noble Lord, and 
Master, if I write not at this tyme to his lordshipp beinge in such hast. 
If there be any thinge herein worthy his lordshipps notion I know you 
will present it in a more proper phrase and togeather tender my humble 
duty to his lordshipp and service to all at Sherborne. And soe 
I conclude with my respects to your selfe, and friends at Loudon, 
and remayne 

Your affectionate servant 

Walsingham Gresley. 

{To the Earl of Bristol] 



CHAPTER V 

THE LINE OF BARONETS FROM 161I TO 1837 

XVlil Sir George Gresley, ist Baronet. 

{b. 1580 ? : d. 1651.) 

Sir George Gresley, the first of the line of Baronets, 

was born between Nov. 1579 and Nov. 1580, since he was 

aged 14 when he matriculated (on Nov. 22 ?, 1594) at Balliol 

College, Oxford. In 1597-8 he was admitted a member of 

the Inner Temple, and we hear no more of him until his 

father's death in 1610, except in connexion with certain sales 

and leases of land, in two of which he is described as 'of 

» Parker's Coltou Lodge ^' In 1610 his public career begins at once, 

g^J'g'lJ'J'i'go. for he took part in a violent electioneering dispute at Derby*" 

and 16081. -with Sir Philip Stanhope. 

staffordsh"^^ It was in 1611 that James i, anxious to replenish his ex- 
p. 218. chequer, issued a Commission to give patents of Baronetage 

to such of the country gentry as would provide thirty footmen 
for three years at Qd. a day for the settling of Ulster (equiva- 
lent to a single payment of ;i$Ji,095). On them the King 
conferred the style and privileges of Baronets of England, 
promising them hereditary succession, a limitation in number 
to 200, and a rank above all Knights, except K.G's and such 
as should be created by the King on the field of battle. 
Accordingly eighteen patents were issued on May 22, 161 1, 
fift3'-seven more on June 29, and seventeen on Nov. 25. In 
this list of ninety-two we find the name of ' George Gresley, 
of Drakelowe, Derbyshire, Esquire' twenty- eighth. But 



Sir George Gresley (xviii) 8i 

even before the end of the year a dispute arose about the Chap. v. 

relative precedency of Baronets and of younger sons of 

Viscounts and Barons, and among the seven or eight who 

were prominent on the side of the new Order Sir George is 

mentioned. He was present also at the personal interview 

of representatives of the Order with the King in February 

i6i|, but the question was at last in May following decided 

against them, a kind of compensation being given, to the 

effect that the badge of Ulster should appear on their arms 

and that all Baronets should take their Knighthood by simple 

application at the age of twenty-one— a privilege which lasted 

till at least 1874. It is but fitting that in the present year 

(1899) the descendant of Sir George should similarly find 

a place on the Committee of Baronets which is to define 

and defend the rights of the whole body at the present 

time. 

Sir George must have been in favour at Court, for he was 
selected as one of the ten who bore bannerols at Prince 
Henry's funeral "= on Dec. 7, 1612. After that he seems to " Nichols, 
have generally lived at Drakelowe, occurring as Knight and jamesT^^See 
J. P. in 1614'', a Commissioner of Musters for Derbyshire in p- ^s- 
1618^ and M.P. for Newcastle under Lyme in the Parliament 2. 341. 
of 162I — 162|. It may well be that the scenes he witnessed 1 Fniio ms., 
during these few sessions were sufficient to shake his con- h"ndat^ 
fidence in Charles I, and not only decided him to refuse to O''^'''^'""'^- 
pay ship-money in 1636^ but also, when the great struggle [ ifhebethe_ 
came, to choose the Parliamentarian side. The ' melior fides' in Cox'roer^. 
of his family motto was not touched, for he could con- Annaisu. 112. 
scientiously say with Hampden ' Against my King I do not 
fight. But for my King and Kingdom's right.' 

We have also twenty-one news-letters s on public affairs ' Twelve in 
written by him from London to Sir Thomas Puckering Ms''Add? 
between May 28, 1629, and Jan. 23, 163I. ^J'^- *°"- 

The outbreak of the Civil War in the autumn of 1642 nearly aii 
found Derbyshire, outwardly at least, on the Royalist side: Courfand' ^ 
and the raising of the famous regiment by Sir John Gell in Jh^rierl 
that county, with a view to counteract the movements of the ^ee p. 86. 



82 77?^ Grcsleys of Drakelowe 

Chap. V. Royalist troops, must have been at the outset a great risk. 

Of the history of its marches and countermarches from 

Oct. 1642 we have three accounts, one ^A True Account) 

fc Hist. Mss. extending to February 1643, the second '', also A True 

Comm. IX. 3. yi^i~gji„f^ to Sept. 1644, and the third (A True Relation) 

reaching to 1646 : the first and third are printed in Noble's 

'From Shaw's Glovcr's Derbyshire (1829) i. App. pp. 70', 62. In about 

r.'ss.""^ ^"'^'^ October 1642 the first Account relates that 'Sir George 

Gresley was now joined with us, the only gentleman of 

qualety in this County that cordyally appeared to be on 

our side.' The Vernons and Harpurs and most of his 

relations were against him, but Sir George held to his 

convictions and shared the expeditions of the Regiment as 

it passed to Bretby, Nottingham, Uttoxeter, Newark, 

Lichfield (during the siege), and Stafford. Its head-quarters 

were always Derby, and its practical effect was that on 

May I, 1643, nearly all Derbyshire and parts of South 

Yorkshire and East Cheshire were Parliamentarian, though 

almost surrounded by the King's adherents. In the varying 

fortunes of the rest of 1643 ground was lost in Derbyshire, 

but within a year more fortune had finally turned, and 

Lichfield, Tamworth, Ashby, Belvoir and Grantham were 

the only Royalist holdings in the neighbourhood. We have 

) Hist. MSS. letters of Sir George of Dec. 24, 1642 J, Nov. 16-' and 

Comm. xn.2. ^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ 164!, and May 26'," and 

!■ Shaw's Nov. 21 ", 164S. But perhaps the most graphic account 

Suffordsh. i. ^ , . . .-^ . . T^ ■ ■ ^ r , ■ T-> 1- 

18. of his position IS in a Petition'' from him to Parliament, 

' Sir Geo. of Sept. or Nov. 1644, in which he asks for compensation 
i'cTp^'&r ' for losses, his whole estate being four miles from Tutbury, 
"> Brit. Mus. five from Ashby and seven from Lichfield, all Royalist 
11331,101. garrisons which plundered and wasted his domains. In the 
p^88 ^^'^ February following he must have consulted John Lill}-, the 
- Ibid. 1133a, well-known astrologer, perhaps on the principle ' Flectere si 
^°'\"^" nequeo Superos, Acheronta movebo«'; for an astrological 

vii. sfa. ^"' figure set for him on 'Feb. 3, 1644' is in Bodl. MS. Ashm. 
436, fol. 104', in Lilly's own handwriting, but the precise 
cause of the visit is not stated. At any rate on Aug. 28, 



Commons. 



Sir George Greslcy (xviii) 83 

1645 p, Parliament voted him a sum of ^4 weekly, which Chap^v. 
continued till August 20 in the following year p. p journals of 

Sir George did not long survive the Civil War, for we find 
the record of his burial on Feb. 5, 165°, in the Temple Church 
at London, 'in the body of the Church on the Inner Temple 
side"*,' i.e. in the nave or central aisle. All traces of it 'Temple 
appear to be now lost, and even in the clerestory of the 
Church where most of the monuments are now preserved, 
there is none which bears his name. 

Besides the letters mentioned above we have two specimens 
of his powers of versification, one a sonnet ' Vpon the death 
of the Ladie Jane Burdett, who dyed March 21, 1637,' 
beginning 'He and his Muse' and dated March 23 in that 
year': the other a sportive poem beginning 'Jack and Tom >• At p. 18 
in heate of youth | Did loue the fayre Astrea'.' Funeral Ser- 

He may have had some antiquarian tastes, as he was a "'o"°"'^'^ 

•J ^ ' occasion 

friend of Sir William Dugdale ', and it is even stated that (York, 1650, 
the latter owed some of his advancement to Sir George's author was 
influential friends. ^stt'c's 

The large estates held by the family at the beginning of ms. 
the seventeenth century suffered serious diminution in the ' ^'^^'^.^- 
time of the first Baronet. Not only was the Manor of Colton Staffordshire 
sold in 1609 to Sir Walter Aston for ;£'i6,ooo, see p. 71 above, Wood's Fasti 
but the Manor of Rosliston" also, in 1629, was disposed of to 0''°"-;.*^'^- 
Sir Thomas Hutchinson for ;£'3,8oo, and a moiety of Gresley n papers at 
parish^" to WiUiam Harries in the preceding year. In 1622 Drakeiowe. 
his yearly income from Drakeiowe, Rosliston, Nether Seile, Staffordshire" 
Over Seile, Lullington, Gresley, Coton and Linton was over P-3o7«- 
.^2,500, but within two years the two Manors of Seile passed 
to Mr. Morewood for .£"2,560 (fortunately to be recovered 
within the century by a marriage with the Morewood heiress), 
and nearly thirty smaller properties to various purchasers. 
Part of these sales were no doubt due to a debt, partly his 
father's, which in 1624 was stated to be £'],o'2-2, but which 
was reduced to less than ;£'2,ooo in 1627. 

On Dec. 17, 1600, at Walton on Trent, Sir George Gresley 
married Susan daughter of Sir Humphrey Ferrers, he. being 

G 2 



84 



The Grcsleys of Drakeloive 



" Marriage 
settlements of 
Tho. Gresley 
and Jane 
Burdet. 



» Walton 
Reg. 



' Administra- 
tion of Sir 
Tho. Gresley's 



'' Information 
from Lord 
Hawkesbury. 



the great-great-grandson of the Sir Thomas Gresley who 
married Anne Ferrers. Susan's brother Sir John Ferrers 
had married a Puckering, no doubt a relation of the addressee 
of so many of Sir George's letters. The marriage was not 
a happy one, for there is a draft of a Private Act of Par- 
liament of about 1620, by which it is enacted that in con- 
sequence of Dame Susan having ' separated her selfe from 
him [her husband] and lyved from him by the space of eight 
yeares or thereaboutes,' her jointure should revert to her 
husband, and any children 'she has had or shall have' since 
the elopement are not to be accounted his. This however 
was never passed, and no more is heard of Dame Susan, 
except that she was alive in 1622 ". 

The Act states that Sir George had five children, but their 
relative order is not certainly known :— 

1. Thomas (born soon after 1600), see p. 89. 

2. Elizabeth, buried at Walton on April 6, 1607 ^. 

3. Dorothy, who married Robert Milward esq. of Broadlow, who was 
drowned in 1632 y. By him she had a daughter Mary who married 
Sir John Bowyer, see pedigree. Dorothy's second husband was Edward 
Wilmot, D.D., of Chaddesden : they occur as married in 1642^. 

4. A child who died in infancy and was buried at Burton on Trent on 
July 28, 1610". 

5. Elizabeth, a second daughter of that name, who seems to occur 
as the wife of Richard Walcot'', see pedigree: but she probably died 
before 1642, as Dorothy was the only surviving sister of the late Sir 
Thomas at that date ^. 



NOTE A (see p. 81). 



' The Magnificent ffunerall of the righte High Mightie ffarr Renowned 

& Most Relligious Prince Henrye Prince of Wales Duke of 

Cornewall ' &c. Lichfield Cathedral MSS. No. 21, pp. 99-123. 

'This Noble Prince Deceafed at S*. James, the (f°- daye of November 

Anno domini .1612- And was mofte Princelye Interred wi'hin the 

Abbey of Weftminfter the -f^ of December then nexte followeinge w"" 

greate State and Pompe, as by the Sequell hereof fliall appeare.' 



Sir George Gresley (xviii) 85 

' Mondaye the 7"' of December (the ffunerall daye) the Representacion Chap. V. 
was layde vppon the Corpes . And both togither putt Into an open 
Charyott : And fo pceeded as ffolloweth.' 

' The Arche Bifhoppe of Canterburye, Preacher. 

The Create Embroydred Banner of the Vnion . Borne by the Earles 
of Montgomerye & Argile. 

An Horfe Ledd, Called Cheualle de dieule, Covered w'^ blacke veluett, 
Ledd by a Chife Quyrrye, Mounfieur S'. Antoin. 
The Prince his Hatchements of Honor, Borne by Officers of Armes . viz, 
The Spurres, by Windl'or. 
The Gauntletts, by Somerfett. 
The Helme & Creft, by Richemonde. 
The Targe, by Yorke. 
The Sworde, by Norroye, kinge at Armes. 
The Coate, by Clarencieux, kinge at Armes. 
The Gentellmen vfhers to the Prince, beareinge theyr wandes. 
The Corpes of the Prince, Lyeinge In an open Chariott, w* the 
Princes Reprefentacion thereon : Invefted in his Roabes of Eftate 
of Purpell velluett, flurred w*'' Ermyne : His highnes Cappe and 
Crowne on his head, and his Rodd of Goulde In his hande. And at 
his ffeete w'l'in y« fayde Charriott, fate S' David Murraye, y^ Mafter of 
his warde Roabe. 

The Charriott was Couered w'i> blacke velluett, and garnifhed w* 
Plumes of blacke ffeathers : And drawen by Sixe Horl'es Couered, 
and Armed w"" Efchocheons haueinge theyr Chifferons and Plumes. 

A Cannopey of Blacke veluett, borne ouer the Reprefentacion by Sixe 
Barronetts. 
Ten BanneroUs, borne by -lo- Barronetts. 
viz. 
S'' Moyle ffynche S'' Anthony Coape. 

S'' Thomas Mownfon S'' George Grefley. 

S'' John Wentworth S'' Robert Cotton. 

S' Henrye Savyle S'' Lewis Trefham. 

S'' Thomas Brudnell S'' Phillippe Tyrwit. 

Power Affiftaunts to the Corpes . That bore upp the Corners of y^ 
Palle . viz. 

The Lo: Zowche. 
The Lo: Aburgauenye. 
The Lo: Burleigh. 
The Lo: Walden. 
William Seager, Principall Kinge of Armes, Betweene the Gent Vfher 
of Prince Charles, and the Gent Vfher of the Prince Pallatine. 

Prince Charles Chife Mourner, Supported by the Lo: Priuie Seale, 
and the Duke of Lennoxe.' 

'So that the whole Nomber Amounted to— 2000- Perfones, or there 
abouts.' 



The Crcsleys of Drakclozve 



NOTE B. 
Three Letters of Sir George Gresley. 

I. 

Sir George Gresley to Sir Thomas Puckering, Bart. 

Essex House, January 23, 163?. 
That which, at this present, I am able to inform you is the reformation 
of the prices of all small acates, the officers of the Green-Cloth having 
made complaint that the rates of such manner of provision was grown 
so high, that the compounders could not furnish the household with 
provision at the rates they then were bound to do. Whereupon, by 
the king's express command, the lord mayor hath set forth his pro- 
clamation and a rate upon the prices of small acates, which I have 
sent my brother Gibbs ; and the price of beef and mutton is to be 
taxed also very speedily. The wine customers, as it is said, will 
petition the king for a defalcation of their yearly ... or otherwise 
they are not able to hold them. But the vintners are so circumspect 
to observe the decree, that if you bring meat ready dressed with you 
into their houses, they will not furnish you with a trencher and napkin 
to eat it. Some of the little innkeepers, as I hear, went to the court, 
to petition the king, but were committed to prison for their pains. 

And one Mr. Humphrey, a son of Dr. Humphreys which was 
president of Magdalen College, in Oxford, is committed to prison for 
prophesying that doomsday should be upon Friday come month. The 
manner of Sir Francis Nethersole's offence and his comm.itment was, 
as it is most voiced, that pressing to have had some speech with the 
king, and being prevented therein, he wrote a letter to Secretary Coke, 
which trenched too much upon his majesty's person ; the effect being, 
as it is reported, that as King James was voiced to be the first loss 
of the Palatinate, so his majesty would be voiced the second loss 
thereof, if so be he did longer delay to declare himself what aid he 
would give towards the restoring the Queen of Bohemia and her 
children to their inheritanee : which being revealed by Secretary Coke, 
he was sent for and committed to Mr. Trumball, and upon farther ex- 
amination concerning his oflfence, and slipping away from Mr. Trumball, 
committed to the Tower. 

There is some muttering of the change of officers ; as that my Lord 
Chamberlain should be lord steward, and the Duke of Lennox 
lord chamberlain ; that Mr. Noy shall be master of the Wards, and 
the recorder, or Sir John Bankes, attorney-general. But it is most 
certain that none but civilians shall be hereafter either masters of 

' Laurence Humphif-y, D.D., who died February I, ijjo, at the age of sixty-three. 



Sir George Gresley (xviii) 87 

Request or Chancery; by which you may smell who looks and hopes 
to be lord chancellor. 

As for foreign news, I hear not any but a report that the King of 
France will set up the Duke of Savoy to make his claim to Milan. 



II. 

Coppie of S^ Ceo. Gresley e Ire. 

S' George Gresleyes Ire from Darby touching the King's motions, 

May 2&>, 1645. 

I have as yet rec* only too lr& from you y« one upon friday 
niorneing dated 20*" May, y" other upon Saturday morning dated 22<i May 
y" intelligence of my Lo. Fairefax his not keepeing y" appointed tynie 
for y9 Rendezvous at Nottingham caused our Horse to returne whome, 
as thej' were in their march thither: yo"^ newes of Coll. Vermuydcn 
attending y" r[eturn ?] of y« Kinges army is very true for he himselle 
w'li 4 colls more (viz.) Fines, Sydney, Pye and Oky ^N^^ about 3,000 
horse and dragoones, quartered in the Towne and in y" adjacent villiages 
upon Saterday night last L' Ger^ll Cromwell was at Coventry w"» 
them and went from thence w* 1,000 horse and 4,000 foote towarde 
Oxford to Joyne ■w^'^ S' Tho. Fairfax, major Gefall Browne, y^ London 
auxhill Reg'= and such other forces as y^* asotiated Countrye next 
Oxford have lately raised for y" beseiging of that Citty w'^^'' is allready 
or will be suddenly surrounded w"" 16,000 Horse and foote at least : 
upon Saturday in y^ afternoone wee had certaine intelligence of y" 
Kinges forces comeing to quarter Uttoxeter and betweene that and 
tutbury that night w'^'> fell out true, for y« King lay at M^ Kniversley 
house called Loxley, The two Princes at Uttoxeter and y» rest of 
yo Army betwixt that and our Garrison at Barton from whence about 
the time of our horse goeing out that afternoone to give us y^ best 
intelligence they could, had a skirmish w'l^ 100 ofy'^ enemyes horse 
in w'^'' through y® blessing of God wee killed and wounded about 
10 of y" enemye, whereof one was L' and wee had not any hurt but 
only one Horse rune throughe y^ necke w"" a tucke by one of y" 
enemye, and y^ rider killed y" enemy w* y« Tucke. That night late 
Coll. Vermuyden had intelligence from Stafford that y" Kinge intended 
to march through y" Peake y« next day to Pontefracte and Coll. 
Thornaugh came hither in y" midle of y» night w"' y" same newes 
and soe hastned him away towarde Sheflfeilde w<^h had he not done, 
but stayed here all Sunday (as wee would have had him done) to 
have bin certaine w='' way y" King had moved, we had by all probability 
cutt of many of y» Kinges horse, and of these stragling troopes w*^'' 
Plundered y» country, for upon Sunday morneing about 8 of y'^ Clocke 
yo King had his Rendevouz upon Fossen heath w'in two miles of 
Titbury where it is said he had about 4,000 foote 3,000 horse & 12 



77?^ Gresleys of Drakelozve 



Peeces of Ordinance he drew a Brigade of his Horse into Barton Parke 
w-'' was attended with a Party of foote, w'hout y" Pale a Party marched 
about y= Garrison to view it, in w"i> it is said both y' Princes were : 
a probable conjecture whereof we have from a faire Irish Grayhound, 
w<='' was taken by ten of our men w^*" ventured over y" workes, he 
had a Coller about y^ necke w'*" P. K. in brasse and y= Princes armes, 
and said by some Prisoners wee have taken to be y" Princes, some 
of y" Ordinance were once turned to be drawne ag' our Barten Garrison 
but a sudden comand came and diverted that course, y^ King and 
Princes were ernestly solicited to storme that Garrison and this Towne 
and had bin barkened unto but for retarding his march from Tudbury 
(as wee conceive) to Ashby, and soe to storme Coleourton Garrison 
and soe from thence to Newarke or else to Leicister and into y" 
assotiated Counties: after y" enemyes Brigade was drawne out of y« 
Parke wee sent out of y" Garrison severalle Parties successively w<^i» 
(blessed be God) had good success for wee tooke ii Prisoners whereof 
one was a Captaine ... a Coll. in S'' Marmaduke Langdales Brigade, as 
desperate and as valliant a man of war as any in y" Army by y" reporte 
of y* Prisoners, and would not yeld till he was desparately wounded 
and died of it since his being brought to y^ Garrison. Wee took alsoe 
divers horses and armes and Plundered stufle, Our Darby Horse faced 
y« enemy on Sunday in y^ afternoone, untill y'' eveninge that they 
marched over Dene to Tudbury and there quartered on y" other side 
of y» River but they never sent out any Party to charge us: wee had 
intelligence from Lecester on Sunday night that a private frend in 
Newarke sent them notice that y» enemy there & at Belvoire had 
order from his Ma''« not to stir out of their quarters, but to have 
provision brought them, and bee ready at an howers warneing : that 
they have made a worke in y« ground of Muskham Bridg to harber 
400 horse and men and an other within musket shot of Newarke 
towards Grantham, where they have a tent and men ready to march 
upon an howeres warneing. I have fetched in 300 horse to mount 
dragoones, wee have some intelligence came from Sheffield w** you 
shall have by y» next for y^ messenger will not stay till it bee writt 
and soe in hast reste. 

YC- Reall frend 

Geo. Greisley 
May 26. II. Clock in y® 
morneing. 



HI. 

Sir Geo. Greisley to Sir IV. B. \William Brere/oit]. 
Sir, 

Beeing desirous not Justly to merryt y« Epethyte of ungratefull 
I willingly take this oppurtunity to return yo» infynite thankes for yo' 



Thomas Gresley (xix) 89 

greate favour in beginning to renewe our intercourse of Intelligence 
and in a tyme when yo'' are straytned of tyme and full of business 
in which I pray God to prosper yo'', for y^^ supply of pvision which yo" 
expect from these ptes I must referr yo" to y^' answeare of yo'' Coinittees 
and for my owne pticular am sorry if wee are disabled to furnish yo-' 
as wee desire, by reason of y" pvission which wee are to send for 
yo mainteynance of our 500 foote 3 troopes of horse and our forces 
which were at Bolesover, which are (as you may pceive by y^ Inclosed) 
upon the disgarrisoning thereof Comanded to bee sent to Collonell 
Generall Poynts for to goe against Newarke, and wee have this day 
a messenger come from y" Lord of Leven : whoe brings as certayne 
word that y^ Scottish foote will bee this night about Weatherby and 
many of the horse are now about Chesterfield and wee are sent unto 
by Collonell Genrall Poynts to send two of our Coniittee to meete w*"" 
two of the Cofhittees of the next adjacent countye, how and in what 
manner wee may best pvide victualls for y" mayntenance of soe greate 
an armye, wee heare y* Genrall Goring hath layd downe his Comission 
and Greenvyle hath taken it, and this day our forces at Barton Garrison 
tooke Captaine Ashton and a Cornett as they were comeing from 
Litchfeild to Newarke w"" a Comission under the King's hand and 
Ire to my Lord Bellasy, an other y* y'' Regim* of horse and foote y* 
were under Willys and another Collonell whose name I have forgott 
with theire officers should repayre vv"" speede to Litchfeild and to bee 
under Collonell Cromwell, but left it to Ashton to tell them for what 
service they were designed, and soe have noe more to say, but y' yo' 
noble favours shall bee ever duly acknowledged by 

S-' 
21" Nov. 1645. Yo"' most faythfull frend 

and servant 
For Sir Will"» Geo. Gresley 

Brercton, 
theis. 



Thomas Gresley. 
(b. soon after 1600 : d. 1642.) 



Thomas Gresley must have been born soon after 1600, for 
on Nov. 19, 1619, he was admitted a reader in the Bodleian 
as a member of Trinity College, Oxford, although his name 
has entirely escaped the University Registers. He certainly 
took no degree, and quite possibly was never matriculated, 
but stayed some terms at College as a member of it but not, 
in strictness, a member of the University. After his marriage 



90 The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



Chap. V. in 1622 he scems to have resided at Lullington ", but little 

"^ MS. of Sir is recorded about him. In 1641 or 1642 he signed with 

Geo. Grcsiey. Qj-i^e^g ^ petition from the gentry of Derbyshire to the King, 

beseeching him to return to the Parliament : and this seems 

to indicate that he was not so stout a Parliamentarian as his 

father, who does not sign : Thomas was however appointed 

a Deputy Lieutenant of the county by the Parliament on 

Nov. 2, 1642. On Dec. 19 of this same year he died, in his 

father's lifetime, and was buried at Gresley. His Will seems 

not to be in existence, but only two administrations granted 

<< Index Libr. in 1642 and 1649, both at Lichfield'^. 

vii. 44'- j^jg .^j^g ^^g Bridget, daughter of Sir Thomas Burdet, 

Bart., of Bramcote and Foremark and of Jane, whose father 
and mother (William and Elizabeth) united the two ancient 
branches of the family of Francis of Derbyshire, those of 
Osmundeston and Ticknall, and (the younger branch) 
of Ingleby and Foremark. Eleven generations back both 
William and Ehzabeth had common ancestors in John 
Francis and his wife Margaret (Beaufoy), who occur in 
1310. It is this Mrs. Elizabeth Francis {nee Francis) who 
is commemorated by William Sampson in his Virtus post 
Fiinera vivit (Lond. 1636, pp. 41-2) in a poem on ' the 
Worshipful M" Mary Greasley, Mother of the Lady 
Bvrdeavt of Formarke,' Mary being an error for Elizabeth. 
Elizabeth after her husband's death had married Hastings 
Gresley of Repton, see p. 68. There was a curious arrange- 
ment at the time of the marriage in 1622, probably due to 
Sir George Gresley's financial difficulties, that for the first 
four years the newly married couple should reside with 
Sir Thomas Burdet at Foremark. She survived her 
husband for more than forty years, and was buried at 
• Lullington Gresley* on Nov. 25, 1685. Her Will is at Lichfield, and 
'^' ^^' mentions, of her sons or sons-in-law, Sir Thomas and 
George Gresley, John Harpur, and Thomas Brome; of her 
daughters and daughters-in-law Mary Harpur, Frances 
Whitehall, Bridget Brome, Lady Gresley and Jane Gresley: 
and thirty-one grandchildren of the families of Gresley, 



Thomas Gresley (xix) 



Brome, Whitehall, Harpur, Inge, Ward, Dyott and Chap^v. 
Skeffington. 
Their children were :— 

1. Jane, who died young. 

2. Henry, who died young. 

3. George, who died young. 

4. Thomas Gresley (born 1628 or 1629 : 2nd Baronet), see p. 92. 

5. Frances, who on June 20, 1666, at Lullington', married John ' Lullington 
Whitehall s of Pipe Ridware, as his second wife. He was born in the ^'^^' 
autumn of 1623 or spring of 1624, and had married Frances'' Aston of * Salt Soc. v. 
Tixall : he died on Aug. 9, 1684, in his wife's lifetime'', and his monu- ^ ,,,.J ,. 
ment is at Pipe Ridware. Their children were James who had issue, xixall 150. 
Bridget who died unmarried on July 29, 1716, aged 46, and Frances who 

died unmarried on Feb. 26, i74f , aged 73. 

6. Bridget, born in or before 1635', who married on Dec. 30, 1657, at ' "^'^^ °^ 
Lullington f, Thomas Brome of Fisherwick. They had nine children J, G^'e^jg!, 'jg,- 
Thomas, Richard, William, John, George, Charles, Mary (who married j c^^^ • 

Sir Robert Burdet of Bramcote as his third wife, and died in July 1742), Staffordshire 
Bridget, Catherine and Frances. He and his wife were alive in i68s ". '• 373 : 

^ ^ Nichols' Leic. 

7. George, who married on May 11, i66g, at Lullington', Jane daughter iii. 45°- 
of Thomas Nelson Esq. of Northampton and chief heiress of her uncle '' Will of 
the Rev. Samuel Wollaston, Rector of Thorp Constantine, who died in Bridget 
1667 or 1668. He had difficulties in acting as trustee for his cousin 

Robert Wilmot in 1678 ': and died in Oct. 1704, being buried on the ' Hist. MSS. 
14th of that month at Lullington ™, where his wife had been buried on ^°™™" '^- ^^ 
Jan. 23, 170^. 

8. Katherine, married on Feb. 7, i66i, at Lullington™, to Richard 
Dyott Esq. of Lichfield (b. 1623 or 1624), who had been Captain of 
horse of the Company of Loyal Volunteers at Lichfield, and after fighting 
on the King's side at Edgehill retired to the Continent until just before 
the Restoration. Katharine, who was a benefactor to the parish of 
Lullington™ (an anagram was made on her name Catherine Dyot 'a 
noted Charity '], died in 1667, and her husband in 1677, leaving a son 
Richard, born in about 1666, who at the age of nineteen married his 
cousin Frances Inge of Thorp Constantine. 

9. Elizabeth, married on Sept. 18, 1672, at Lullington, to Philip Trafford 
Esq. of Swithamley in Staffordshire, but husband and wife died within 
four years of the marriage (she in Oct. 1674 and he in May 1676, both 
buried at Macclesfield) and seem to have left no issue. 

10. Mary, who on Feb. 14, 1669", at Lullington, married the Rev. John " Ibid. 



Lullingt' 



Will of 



Harpur (see pedigree) of Little Over, Rector of Morley in Derbyshire, 
whose first wife had been Mary daughter of Paul Ballidon Esq. of Bndgu 
Derby. Mary the second wife was alive in 1685". Gresley, 1685. 



92 The Gresleys of Drakcloive 

Chap. V. 
I~ Sir Thomas Gresley, 2nd Bart. 

{b. 1628 or 1629 : d. 1699.) 
From Sir Thomas's monument we gather that he was born 
between June 6, 1628, and June 5, 1629: but httle is known 
of him before his marriage, which was in all probability in 
1648. He was too young to be prominent in the Civil War, 
during which his father died, and did not succeed to the 
Baronetcy till the death of his grandfather early in February 
165?. 

To all outward appearance Sir Thomas was a type of 

a country gentleman, now disputing with the Pagets of 

p In 1656 and Beaudesert about a weir at Burton p, now Sheriff of Derby- 

cfhfrters49t ^^ire «, now appointed Deputy of the Master of the Royal 

199- Leash for ten miles round Drakelowe "■. His portrait also 

r !" 'L!. bears this impression out, both in the picture at Drakelowe 

Brit. Mus. and on his great monument in Gresley church (of which 

66,i, p. 37. more will be said later). He married a well-to-do but grasping 

wife, and in his old age became eccentric, secreting gold and 

silver in different rooms and being even regarded as noit 

' Papers at compos mentis. This appears from a petition » in Chancery 

See p. 95. ' filed by his son Thomas soon after his father's death in 

which many curious details of the household are given, 

though allowance must be made for the son's obvious animus 

against his mother. It is at any rate clear that Lady Gresley 

dominated the household and could be safely trusted to look 

after her own interests, and this is amply borne out by the 

language of Sir Thomas's Will. He died on June 5, 1699, 

aged 70, according to the Monument, and was buried at 

Church Gresley on the 9th with considerable ceremony. 

For a description of the Monument, see Appendix A. 

His wife was Frances daughter and co-heir of Gilbert 
Morewood Esquire of Nether Seile, formerly a London 
merchant. Her letters show her to have been a religious- 
minded lady, careful of the welfare of her children, and of 
a forcible character, but not clever or well educated. In 
later life she excited the animosity of at least one of her 



Sir Thomas Gresley (xx) 93 

sons, and the house at Drakelowe must have been in an Chap. v. 

unfortunate condition for the last ten years of Sir Thomas's 

hfe. She had experienced a heavy blow in early life, having 

been engaged to her cousin Rowland Morewood ' of Alfreton, ' Hari. Soc. 

who died in 1647, whenFranceswas onlyseventeen, she having 

been baptized on March 16, 1630". However in the next ° Nichols. 

year, or not later than then, she married Sir Thomas Gresley. ii,. 1010. 

Some of her correspondence between 1678 and 1695 is still 

in existence, and now in the possession of Capt. Stewart of 

Alltyrodyn, Llandyssil, South Wales. They are letters from 

her, with some from Sir Thomas, to Sir John Moore who in 

1681-2 was Lord Mayor of London : it is clear that the two 

families were on intimate terms. The correspondence is 

chiefly about her sons' bringing up, as will be noticed later : 

in spite of her considerable fortune she says, on Oct. 6, 1679, 

' For my part I was neuer any of Fortunes darlinges, to haue 

uery much of the fading perishing treasures of this life : and 

it is my desire that I may not bee towmuch affected with 

them.' In 1691 she is somewhat aggrieved that Sir Thomas 

is by his Will leaving everything to the eldest son, and says 

that if she survives, she will have ' a house and nothing to 

put in it.' On February 13, 169J, she writes that Mr. Waite, 

a schoolmaster who lived within a mile of Drakelowe, had 

obtained recommendations to Sir John Moore to make him 

head-master of Appleby School : but she remarks that Sir 

John is wise not to appoint any one to that post for life but 

only during good behaviour, adding that Repton School is 

ruined by the opposite principle. Her son Thomas was in 

1707 a governor^ of the former school. Two letters from v Nichols, 

her are printed as specimens at pp. 98-99. h,!'44i'.^'^'''^"^ 

Her own Will is dated Oct. 30, 1707 (with a codicil, after- 
wards destroyed by her, dated Dec. 25, 1710), and was 
proved on Oct. i, 1711, she having died on or about June 30, 

I7II ^. " Papers at 

The children of Sir Thomas and Lady Gresley were : — ^^ "^ °*^' 

I. Frances, born at Drakelowe on April 13, 1649^, who married William n uf" / 
eldest son of William Inge of Thorp Constantine soon after June 6, 1666, Drakelowe. 



94 



The Gresleys of Dmkelowe 



^ Family 
Bible at 
Drakelowe. 



y Nichols. 
Leicestershire 



' Family 
Bible at 
Drakelowe. 



» Derb. Arch. 
Sjc. xiv. 103. 
•* Gresley 
pedigree MS. 



<^ Family 
Bible at 
Drakelowe. 



the date of a settlement with respect to the Thorp property, see 
pedigree. She died in 1712 and was buried on April 29 in that year at 
Thorp. 

2. Bridget, born at Drakelowe Sept. 15, 1651 ^ : buried at Gresley 
Oct. 21, 1652. 

3. Elizabeth, born at Drakelowe Jan. 4, 1655^: died unmarried at 
Drakelowe Aug. lo, 1693 : her nuncupative Will and inventories of her 
property (amounting to /641 15s. 2d.) are at Lichfield : a monument was 
placed to her memory in Gresley church y. 

4. Dorothy, born at Drakelowe July 14, 1655'^. She seems to have 
fallen in love with one of her father's servants named Thomas Ward, 
and when he was dismissed in consequence, she left Drakelowe suddenly, 
on June 18 (?), 1681, at i a.m., and was married to him by license at 
Tutbury eight hours later. Their children were at least Thomas (who 
died of a wound received at the battle of Hochstadt in 1703 while 
serving in General Wyndham's Regiment), Gresley, William, and Mary 
(who married John Swan ). Her mother's Will shows that she resented 
Dorothy's marriage till the day of her death. Dorothy was a widow in 
1713 : and was buried at Gresley April 9, 1715. 

5. Mary, born at Drakelowe April 14, 1657 ^, married at Stapenhill on 
May 22, 1693, Daniel Watson Esq. of Burton, a son of Henry and Anne 
Watson. Mary probably died before October 1707, as she is not 
mentioned in her mother's Will of that date. 

6. Grace, born at Drakelowe August 15, 1658', married at Stapenhill 
on May 15, 1683, Robert Roby Esq. of Castle Donington, where she was 
buried on Nov. 2, 1709*, and he on Nov. 13, 1714''. 

7. William (born Nov. 8, 1661 : 3rd Baronet), see p. 100. 

8. Anne, born at Drakelowe on Feb. 19, 1665 ^, died unmarried between 
March 27, 1709, the date of her Will, and 1716 the date of her sister 
Lettice's Will : at the former date she was 'of St. Ann's, Westminster.' 

9. Catharine, born at Drakelowe May 19, 1664'', died unmarried on 
Sept. 7, 1694. Her monument in Gresley Church is printed in Nichols's 
Leicestershire d. 

10. Lattice or Letitia, born at Drakelowe in 1665 or one of the two next 
years, died unmarried, and was buried at Nether Seile on Feb. 17, 1734. 
A letter from her is printed at p. 100. 

11. Thomas (born May 10, 1668), see p. 102. When the direct male 
line of the elder branch of Baronets failed at Sir Roger's death in 1837, 
it was to the direct male descent of this Thomas that the Baronetcy 
devolved. It has therefore been thought well from this point to deal 
alternately with the heads of the two collateral lines until 1837. 

12. Isabella, born at Drakelowe in 1669, died unmarried on Aug. 16, 
1694, and was buried at Gresley ^. 

13. Charles, born at Drakelowe on Feb. 21, i65g'', was 'a very in- 



dated 



Sir Tlionms Grcsley (xx) 95 

genious brisk boy"': in accordance with the custom of the time among Chap. V. 
the country gentry, he was 'an apprentice in London f in 1690, but ^ ^. " , 
settled at Dunstall near Barton in Staftbrdshire after his marriage on letter of May 
Oct. 23, 1695, with Ann third daughter of John Bott Esq. of that place. 1687 in Capt. 
Their children were three daughters : — Elizabeth, who married first -"^warts 
Thomas Bott her first cousin, and secondly Samuel Beardsley of Tam- , _, 
worth, and died in 1775; Frances who never married, and Ann wife of Gresley's 
Edward Mathews: see' pedigree xiv. Ann Gresley died on Sept. 20, Petition at 
17208, aged 44, and Charles on June 29, 17248: both were buried at i^r^-^eowe: 
Tatenhill, where they had been married, and where a monument to ^ „, 
them is still in existence. Their daughter Frances was also interred in stailordshire 
the same church. '. 108. 

14. Sarah, born at Drakelowe on March 20, 1675'', married, probably 
in 1715'', Paul Ballidon of Stapenhill, whose father and grandfather bore ^ The mar- 
the same names, but there was no issue. She died on June 15, 1736, '"'*?<= 
and was buried two days after in All Saints' Church, Derby: he died Oct. ag,!;! 
in 1729. (Brit. Mus. 

MS. Add. 
6671, p. 58). 

NOTE A 

Petition of Thomas Gresley, Esq., of Lullington, 
ABOUT A. D. 1700. 

' To the Right Honourable Sir Nathan Wright, Ivnight, Lord Keeper 
' of the Great Seal of England. Humbly complayneing sheweth vnto 
' your Lordshipp j-our Oratour Thomas Gresley of Lullmgton,' county 
Derby, ' gentleman. That Sir Thomas Gresley late of Drakelow,' 
county Derby, ' deceased and Dame Frances his wife being seised ' &c. 
'of and in the Mannour of Neather Seale' &c. 'Did as a provision for 
'your Oratour their second sonn by certain Indentures of Lease and Re- 
' lease,' dated 23 and 24 Sept. 1690, ' convey settle and assure the same 
' (except A wood called Potter's Wood) vpon your Oratour his heirs ' &c. 
' charged with the payment of 500 //,' lic. ' and reserving liberty only for 
'the said dame Frances' &c. 'to fall the wood on the said premisses,' 
&c. ' persueant to which said Settlement your Oratour entered on the 
' said premisses ' (ic. ' The said Sir Thomas Gresley and Dame Frances 
'or one of them did at the time of the making the said Settlement insist 
'vpon your Oratour giveing 200 /; towards the provision of Charles 
' Greslej' his younger Brother then an Apprentice in London when he 
' should come out of his time or have occasion for the same,' which 
he paid to Sir Thomas Gresley upon the marriage of the said Charles. 
Sir Thomas Gresley had a deed prepared whereby he provided for 
Dame Frances, settling upon her a messuage and lands at Gresley worth 
Z37 P^r annum ; but afterwards providing for her otherwise, he intended 
to have cancelled the Gresley settlement, but Dame Frances kept him 



96 The Cresleys of Drakelozve 

from doing so : but he, thinking it done, made a lease of the Gresley 
land in 1695 for 21 years to Richard Ward, of Fenny Drayton, county 
Leicester, and also included the same land in his settlement upon his 
eldest son, William Gresley, at the time of his marriage in his father's 
lifetime. ' And your Oratour further sheweth that the said Sir Thomas 
' Gresley being very infirme before he dyed and not able to looke after 
'his affayres himselfe, the said Dame Frances had heaped vpp great 
'riches which she kept to her owne vse, or otherwise concealed the 
'same from the said Sir Thomas. And the said Sir Thomas Gresley 
' liveing at an Out Seat very remote from company, he hid divers great 
' quantityes of Silver, Gold, and other valuable things, in divers private 
'places about the house where he lived, makeing very few except the 
' said Dame Frances acquainted therewith : or else the said Dame 
' Frances by watching and observeing him therein, came to the know- 
' ledge and custody thereof And your Oratour further sheweth that 
' the said Sir Thomas Gresley did in his life time, and whilst he was of 
' perfect mind and memorj', make and duly pubhsh his last Will and 
' Testament in writeing, and thereby gives and devises to your Oratour 
' and his heirs the said Wood called Potters Wood ; and after the devise 
'of divers Legacyes therein particularly mencioned, gives and devises 
'to your Oratour all the residue of his personall Estate, and thereof 
' constitutes and appoynts your Oratour his sole Executor ; and shortly 
' after dyed seized of the said Wood called Potter's Wood, and possessed 
' of A great personall estate consisting in ready moneys, some wherof 
'lay ready by him, other partes thereof were hid and concealed in 
' seuerall places in and about the said house wherein he lived ; and alsoe 
'possessed of divers securitj'es for money and great arrears of rent, and 
'had divers Summes of money due and oweing to him vpon simple 
' contract, many whereof were entred in his Almanacks and other 
'pockett bookes, wherein he had alsoe made memorandums of the 
' places where he had layed his money or other things of value, and 
' of other things relateing to his personall estate ; and alsoe possessed of 
'great quantityes of corne, hay, cattle, plate, Jewells, husbandry ware, 
' Leases, and other personaltyes to A great value. And alsoe haveing 
' in his custody all the deedes and writeings concerneing the said 
'Mannour of Seale' &.c. 'After whose decease your Oratour duely 
'proved the said will and tooke upon him the burthen of the said 
' Executorshipp,' &c. 'And the said Dame Frances liveing in the 
'house where the said Sir Thomas dyed, and haveing the comand of 
'the keys of all the Closetts about the house and the power over the 
'same in his sickness, did either in his life time or after his decease 
' possess herselfe of great quantitj'es of gold, silver, and other rich 
'things, which he, the said Sir Thomas, had hidd and laid vpp, and 
'particularly she the said Dame Frances either by herselfe, or some 
' other person or persons by her imployed, tooke upp A floor or some 
'boards in A floor, vnder which the said Sir Thomas Gresley had hid 
' great quantityes of gold, silver, and other rich things, all which shee 



Sir Tliojiias Gresley (xx) 97 

' tooke and carrj-ed the same forth of the said Roome in her apron, or 
'otherwise. And she, the said Dame Frances, did find severall parcells 
'of gold, silver, and other things, in severall places in and about the said 
' house where the said Sir Thomas Gresley dyed, both in his life time 
'and in the time of his sickness and afterwards. All which she alsoe 
' conceales. And she the said Dame Frances doth know of divers other 
'places in and about the said house where the said Testatour did in his 
' life time lay upp his treasure, which she conceals from your Oratour 
' intending to take the same at her pleasure : and the house where the 
' said Testatour dyed being in Joynture to the said Dame Frances for 
' her life, she refuseth to permitt your Oratour to make a full and 
' eflectual search in the same. And the said Dame Frances did alsoe 
'in the Testatours lifetime for many years before his death, save to her 
' selfe severall summes of money which she concealed from him, and 
' now pretends the same was not part of his estate, when, as she well 
' knows, she was capable of takeing noe money to her owne vse dureing 
' the Coverture, but that whatsoever was saved by her was for the 
'benefitt of her husband and ought to be accounted part of his personall 
' estate, and she the said Dame Frances ought to discover the same and 
' deliver the same to your Oratour. And she the said Dame Frances 
' vnder pretence that the household goods were given to her, possessed 
' her selfe of all the plate which was not in vse in the house, and of 
' divers other things as were not household goods, As all the Testatours 
' Books, and all the pictures that were in the house. And of A great 
'quantity of wool, cheese, netts for fishing and for taking of Rabitts, and 
' other things in and about the said house at the Testatours death, and of 
' divers parcells of cloth and other things that lay ready bought in the 
' house, and were not made vpp into household goods, and alsoe of 
' A great quantity of meanure that lay in and about the said house, and 
' alsoe of great quantityes of sawed boards which were alsoe about the 
'said house and noe ways mad vse of or fitted to any vse in the said 
' house. And the said Dame Frances haveing a further designe to 
' conceale the effects from your Oratour sent to him to see some of 
' the Testatour's Almanacks where entryes were made of the summes 
' and places where his money was layed, and of severall persons that 
' owed him money, and of other matters relateing to his personall 
' estate ; and haveing gott the said bookes into her custody hath cutt 
' or caused to be cutt out of the same divers Leaves where the entryes 
' aforesaid were made, and hath returned them soe cutt to your Oratour.' 
She also had taken possession of the Farm at Gresley, and turned 
Richard Ward out of it ; so that both he and Sir William Gresley 
demanded satisfaction. She also refused to give up the writings touching 
the Manor of Nether Seile, S:c. Pretence was also made that Sir 
Thomas Gresley was not compos mentis when he made his Will. Dame 
Frances had rejected offers of reconciliation with her son Thomas 
Gresley, and had threatened to ruin and undo him. 
Thomas Gresley praj-s for redress, and concludes: 'May it please 



gS The Gresleys of Drakeloivc 

' j'our Lordshipp. the premisses considered, to grant vnto your Oratour 
' his Majestyes most gratious writt of Subpoena to be directed to the 
' said Dame Frances and Sir William Gresley and the rest of the 
'confederates when discovered, thereby commanding them and every 
'of them at A certain day, and vnder a certain payne therein to be 
'limitted, to bee and personally appear before j'our Lordshipp in this 
'most honourable Court to answer all and singuler the said premisses, 
'and to stand to and abide such further ordering and Decree therein 
'as to your Lordshipp shall seem meet and agreable to equity and good 
'Conscience. And your Oratour shall ever pray iS:c.' 

Indorsed — ' Gresley Against Gresley &c. Bill in Chancery.' [From 
Evidences at Nether Seile, 1853. J. M. G.] 



NOTE B. 

[CopiFs OF Old Letters from Frances Lady Gresley 
IN THE Possession of Sir Robert Gresley, Bart. ; 
see pp. 93, 94.] 

L 
Deaire Son Dracklow the 9 [1689 or 1690] 

the letters from my Cossin Lee and Sir John speake that they 
would haue you continu with your master, which I beleue will be no 
greate matter of aduantage to you, thay are ferefuU of uentring againe 
of another hauing given fiue hundred pound alredy, I suppose you are 
acquainted with what thay rit to your father, For my part I do not licke 
of it, I am not uery willing you should go beyand see, for your father 
1 beleue will not be willing to furnish you with mony as you may expect, 
my Cossin hopgood and her brother, think that your going to mr broking 
will do you no good, I was at Formorck about a month agoo I desired 
Sir ffrances [Burdett] to let your father know, that I would giue you 
Scale, which is better then tow hundred a yere besides the wood, which 
I will reserue for my selfe in case I should suruiue your father, which 
I will haue in my owne power, to cut downe to help to stock Dracklow 
and that I would haue you to haue it when you was one and twenty ; 
hee semed mity unwillin to part with it, but at last hee said you should 
haue it but you should pay him back againe the fiue hundred pound 
which Mr brocking had of him, so Sir firances saide you should pay it 
and he and euery body thinketh it is a uery good bargaine, becase he 
can kepe it for his life so I would haue you to tacke aduice from 
sumbody that you may trust what is best to be don about this bisnis 
of mr broking turne ouer 



Sir Thomas Gresley (xx) 99 

whether it wil do you any greate good becase hee is so uery much 
under a cloude, but say nothing of this to Sir John nor my cossin Lee — 
for I hope when you think it may be conueniant and with safety to 
your self, you wil com into the contry which I desire before any thing 
be concluded with Mr brocking 

Your father and I send you our blessing 

Your brother and sisters remembr ther loues to you 

Your louing mother 

FFRANCES GrESLEY. 

ffor Mr. Thomas Gresley at Mr. John Nuberryis house in Blacke friers 
Londo post payde 6d 

[The Seile estate (excepting Potter's Wood) was settled by Sir 
Thomas and Lady Gresley upon their second son Thomas 24 Sept. 
A.D. 1690, who was to pay out of the rents of it /500 to his father in 
the course of four years. Power was reserved to Lady Gresley to cut 
down timber and other trees upon the estate during her life and seven 
years after her decease, which became a source of dispute and litigation. 
'Your brother' mentioned in the letter was Sir Thomas's third son 
Charles, afterwards of Dunstal, county Stafford.— J. M. G.] 



IL 
my harte 

though the nevves of your health is at all times uery acceptable 
to me ; yet it is a much greater contentment to me to haue it from your 
owne hand then from any other whatsoeuer, which I do not doute of 
j'our afifordinge me soe greate a delight: and if you stil taiex me of not 
ualluing your former leter to it merit, by Resson I did not answer it 
it must be becaise it is not possible to ualue enough : not becais I do 
not ualue them as much as I can : and then doe but consider this to be 
the only meains for absent frinds to conuers and that the want of 
thinges are best knowne in the waint of them when abssent ; althougli 
I did alvvais set a uery high esstcmat one the inioyment of your 
Company nether am I now able to expres to you how unhapy I essteme 
my self by your absence from me : I haue not anny thinge worthy to 
aqunt you with and shal here breake of though Rufly more then to tel 
you I am 

Your Most affectinate and truly louing wife 

FFRAN'CES GrESSLEY. 

may 28th. 



The Greslcys of Drakclowc 



xxi 



NOTE C. 
Letitia Gresley. 

[Indorsed ' Sister Lettice's Letter to her Sister Ballidon ; ' and directed 
by Lettice Gresley herself 'To Mrs Ballidon— present— ': about a.d. 1720.] 

Dearest Sis 

this is to giue you a grate many thanks for all your cindness to 
mee both when you was heare and at alle other tims i do sadele want 
your good compene and do allwase think of you whereuer i do go for 
i hafe a uery mallecon time of it now for ye windos are all oupen and 
so I do not go to them for if i do i gate cold for i am so nesh of my 
years my Sister is as shee was when you was heare my Brother's 
hand is better i am tacking my Barck and it mack mee but bade but i 
was uery bade fore i touck it and i hope that i shall better when i hafe 
don it prea sand me word how you do and all frauds do my Brother 
and Sister ioyne with mee in saruis to you and all frauds whear you do 
think fite i shall rite to mrs. Clarck and gife your saruis to her and all 
with hore and if you do pies to hafe any think eals to hor if you will let 
mee know i will rite it to hore or if you pies to rite to hore and i sand it 
to hore i am your lofeing Sister til dath 1 g 

[Letitia Gresley.] 



Sir William Gresley, 3rd Bart. 
{b. 1661: d. 1710.) 



On the label attached to Sir William's picture at Drake- 
lowe, he is stated to have been born in 1663, and this agrees 
with the statement in the Oxford Registers that when he 
matriculated at the University from Trinity College on June 
10, 1681, he was aged 17. But both these evidences must 
be wrong. The births of his two next younger sisters were 
on Feb. 19, i66i, and May 19, 1664, which of themselves 
preclude the date 1663, unless he had been a twin : but 
also the family Bible at Drakelowe records that he was 
born there on Nov. 8, 1661, between 9 and 10 in the 
morning — which is undoubtedly the true date. Of his early 
life we know nothing: and his portrait seems to suggest 
a quiet, if not a retiring character. He took no degree at 



Sir VVtlliajn Greslcv (xxi) 



Oxford, but his College still possesses two silver cups Chap, v. 
presented by him in 1682 (when he probably went down) 
and bearing a Latin inscription. After his father's death 
in 1699 he resided at Drakelowe, and in 1704 was High 
Sheriff of Derbyshire. On Oct. 17, 1710, he died, and is 
described in the Administration granted to his widow as 
' nuper de Oakeley in com. Salop.,' his actual residence for 
the last few years having been at Bishop's Castle near 
Oakeley, which came to him through his wife. 

There is an amusing account of the wooing of ' Squire » Hist. ms. 
Bill of Drakelowe,' among the Coke Papers % from which App. 2, ' 
it appears that he first proposed to a sister of his pp, 361,363, 
future wife, but was not accepted, and that finally Mistress 
Barbara Oakeley, nee Walcot, carried him off. Francis 
Hopegood writes to Thomas Coke on Aug. 14, 1696, 
' Esquire Bill [Gresley] of Drakelowe went a wooing into 
a far country, but his mistress was not much smitten with 
either his phiz or beau meene ; however he made shift to 
captivate the heart of a widow. I know not who this 
venturesome woman is, but they say she has £"2.^0 p. a. 
jointure, and ^'2,000 stock, and seven children, but all 
provided for. The knight and his lady are much against 
it. . . . Just now I receive a letter from Sir Nicholas with 
the following relation of the Squire's courtship, and that 
Uncle R. B. [Robert Burdet] is going with him to see his 
mistress ; vizt. the gentleman with the handwhip begad was 
motioned to a virgin lady in Shropshire ; he went and liked 
her, but she did not hke him ; so an elder sister of hers, 
a widow, told her if she would not have him, she would ; 
to which the Squire agreed. But not to the liking of his 
parents, which gave him much disturbance, and in his 
language said, " Kill mother begad, zuns shoot her"; which 
so terrified his mother that she was fain to get away to 
Burton with her daughters; but the knight errant is resolved 
and says — " Zuns will have her and that quickly too, for 
hunting is coming in and then cannot awhile."' 

And again, on Sept. 18, i6g6, ' Squire Bill of Drakelowe is 



The Greslcys of Drakelowc 



Chap. V. married to the Shropshire widow. Lord have mercy upon 
her! Sure men are very scarce, for they say she is a comely 
woman, has wherewith to keep her clean, and her children 
provided for.' 

Also, i6g8, April 6. Foremark. Elizabeth Coke to 
Thomas Coke at Mrs. Hopegood's in Lothbury in London. 
' Esquire Bill and his lady are in Derbyshire, and are daily 
expected here. He swears he has got " best best wife world. 
I took her down in her wedding shews (shoes?) and the 
best in the world." ' 

Barbara was the daughter of John Walcot and Elizabeth 

his wife, and born on Jan. 31, 166^, and seems to have 

'■ Administra- (jied in 1724 '': by her first husband William Oakeley (of 

tion of her t-. <-- 

Bishop's Castle in Shropshire) she had had seven children, 
one of whom was William Oakeley grandfather of Sir 
Charles Oakeley, whose granddaughter Georgina Ann 
Reid in 1831 married the Rev. Sir William Nigel Gresley, 
9th Baronet, and lives at Barton under Needwood. 

The marriage was on Sept. 2, 1696, at Bishop's Castle, 
and the issue as follows : — 



estate was 
granted on 

that year. 



' Bodl. MS. 
22087, fol. 

•• Information 
from Lord 
Havvkesbury. 



1. Bridget, baptized at Bishop's Castle on Oct. 10, 1697 ■=, married on 
April 5, 1716^, Adam Ottley of Pitchford, and had three children by him, 
see pedigree. She died on June 23. 1737'^, and was buried two days 
later"* at Pitchford. Portraits'' of her (by Sir G. Kneller) and of her 
husband (by Jervas) are at Pitchford. 

2. Thomas (born 1698 or '99), 4th Baronet : see p. 104. 

3. William, who died j-oung. 



XXI Thomas Gresley, Esq., of Nether Scile, brother of Sir William 

Gresley, 3rd Baronet. 
(b. 1668: d. 1743.) 

Thomas Gresle}', 2nd son of Sir Thomas Gresley and 
a direct ancestor of the present Baronet, was born at Drake- 
Family Bible lowe on Sunday Ma}' 10, 1668", at about 2 p.m. Like his 
t Drakelowc. yQ^j^ggj- brother Charles, he was sent to London and placed 
under the care of Sir John Moore (see p. 93I, who took 



Thomas Greslcy (xxi) 103 

great care of both during an attack of small-pox in 1687 ^ Chap. v. 

Thomas was in 1684 bound apprentice to John Broking, f Letters in 

a London merchant, who was to train him in business and of cI'iiT'^^'^" " 

settle him in Leghorn : but in i68g or 1690 Thomas was Stewart. 

still in London at ' Mr. John Nuberryis house in Blacke 

Friers 8'. In the latter year the manor of Nether Seile was « Letter from 

given him by his parents, and he probably settled there hSmrseep^^g^ 

soon after, or not later than his marriage in 1705: after 

which he resided perhaps chiefly at Ladyhole. In Sept. 

1 710 he took an active part in local politics, and seems to 

have been one of the three who started the opposition to 

the Coke interest ^ at that time, though his father was t Hist. Mss. 

on their side in 1685: and in 1712-3 he was High Sheriff 56 'q™,' ^" ^' 

of Leicestershire. On April 6, 1743, he died at Nether Seile. '^'- 5. 86. 

On Feb. 7, 170*, at Ashbourne in Derbyshire, he married 
Elizabeth daughter of John Lee of Ladyhole in that parish. 
She was considerably younger than her husband, as at her 
death on Feb. 14, 173!, she was only fifty-two, according to 
the monument at Nether Seile '. 1 Nichols, 

Their children were :— LTr'e'^hrggs. 

1. Lee, born on Nov. 14, 1705 J, at about 3 a.m., and baptized at J Nether Seile 
Ashbourne "^ (after private baptism) on Dec. 17. matriculated at Oxford Reg. 
from Trinity College on June i, 1724, being then aged 18 : and thence 
proceeded in 1726, without taking a degree, to the Inner Temple in 
London : but he appears to have had ill health from his earliest years, 

and died unmarried ; and was buried on March 2, 1745, at Nether Seile ' : ' Nether 
his will is dated Feb. 4, i74f. Seile Reg. 

2. Frances, born June 19, 1707, at about 5 p.m., died on Nov. 28, 1713'. 

3. Thomas, born July 26, 1708, died April 15, 1709'. 

4. William, born Jan. 23, 17^^, buried July 11, 1717'. 

5. John (born Jan. 15, 171?), see p. 107. 

6. Elizabeth, born March 9, 171 ^. married (probably in about 1750) 

a distant cousin Henry Greslej-, for whom see p. 141 : but there seems to ™ N. Seile 

have been no issue, and she died on Nov. 28, 1792. ^^5- 

7. James, baptized Aug. 13, 1715, at Nether Seile", was matriculated at gj Appleby in 
Cambridge from Emmanuel College (B.A. 1737), and took Holy Orders. Nichols' 

He was English Master at Appleby School from 1738 till his death, Leicestershire 
which took place on Oct. 23, 1745°, only two years after he had (on Topographer' 
Aug. 13, 1743) married Ann daughter of Richard Farmer of Witherly ii. (1790^ p. 73. 



^ Ashbourne 
Reg. 



I04 



The Gresleys of Drnkeloive 



" N. Seile 

Reg. 

I' Army Lists. 



and Rebecca his wife (ne'e Moore, of Appleby Parva). James had no 
children : his widow (born July 17, 1714) died on Nov. 15, 1766. 

8. Robert, baptized Oct. 6, 1717, at Nether Seile °, was a Captain in the 
86th Regiment of Foot p from 1756 till it was disbanded in 1763 : in 1760 
he was with his Regiment in Senegal. He seems to have married 
Jane Hurt of Cork, perhaps a member of the old Derbyshire family of 
Hurt of Casterne and Alderwasley. For his family see the pedigree of 
the Australian Gresleys (p. 142) : he was alive in 1775 p. 



Family 
Notebk. 



' Grcsley 
Mon' & Re 



» Ladv 
Dorothy's 
notes. 
" Greslcy 
Reg. 



Sir Thomas Gresley, 4th Baronet. 
{b. 1698 or 1699: d. 1746.) 

It is curious that there appears to be no record of the 
day of Sir Thomas's birth: but we know that when he 
matriculated at Oxford from Balliol College, on May 7, 1716, 
he was aged 17 : so that he must have been born between 
May 8, 1698, and May 7, 1699. Hardly anything is known 
of his life after leaving Oxford — where he took no degree— 
except in connexion with his two marriages, the first of 
which was of considerable importance. A few scattered facts 
we know, such as that from Nov. 4 to Dec. 4, 17271 he 
and Lady Gresley were at Kn3'persley, and there is an 
inventory 1 of the goods there which belonged to her on 
Dec. 2 in that year: but his seems to have been 2i fallcntis 
scmita vitae. He was buried at Gresley "■ on Oct. 11, 1746. 

On April 5, I7I9^ at Biddulph Sir Thomas married 
Dorothy daughter and co-heir of Sir William Bovi^er of 
Knypersley in Staffordshire, more than half of whose large 
estates came ultimately to the Gresley family through this 
and another marriage, see the pedigree of Bowyer. She 
died on July 31, 1736', and was buried in Gresley Church 
on the 3rd of August ' following, having had, it is believed, 
twelve children by Sir Thomas, of whom onl}^ two survived 
to middle age. The names of such as are recorded are :— 

1. William, born at Drakelowe on Jan. 11, 1715 ", died on Aug. 8, 
1724", and was buried on the next day^. 

2. A son, born at Drakelowe April 16, 1721 ", died the same day. 

3. Thomas (born July 12, 1722), the 5th Baronet, see p. 109. 



Sz> Thomas Gresley (xxii) 105 

4. Dorothy, born at Drakelowe March 4, 1725", died there on June 20, Chap. V. 
1729", and was buried at Gresley on the 22nd''. 

5. Nigel (born Jan. 11, 172^), the 6th Baronet, see p. 109. 

6. John, born at Drakelowe on April 22, 1727", was privately baptized 

there on May 11 and christened on June 6^^ following at Walton, but he " Walton 

died in 173!} and was buried at Gresley on Jan. 5^ in that year. ^^S- 

7. Charles, born May 26, 1728", at Drakelowe, died on Aug. 25, 1729, » Bible at 
and was buried on the 27th at Gresley y. Drakelowe. 

8. Selina, born at Drakelowe Aug. 17, 1729", was buried at Gresley ^^ res ey 
on May 16, I738y. . • Sl'eaneya' 

9. William, born at Drakelowe Nov. 27, 1730, was buried on July 3, Selina .) 
1731 J'- 

10. A daughter was born at Drakelowe on Oct. 12, 1733", but must 
have died young. 

I Apparently unrecorded by name : no doubt they died in infancy. 

On June 11, 1739, Sir Thomas married at Haddon Chapel'' ^ B.^keweii 
Gertrude, daughter and co-heir of John Grammer Esq. '^^' 
of Pledwick in Yorkshire. She survived her husband for 
forty-four years, hving chiefly at Lichfield, and was buried in 
Gresley Church on Jan. 5, 1791". In the gossip of the » Gresley 
time she was known as ' Lady Blackwig '' ' ! By her Sir 
Thomas had two children : — 

Mrs. Lee in 

13(1). Gertrude, born at Drakelowe on April 27, 1740 <", baptized at manuscript. 

Walton on May 14, 1740 1^, died young and was buried at Gresley on p^akelowe 

Dec. 17, 1749 ''• d Notes by 

14 (2). Geoffrey, born at Drakelowe on Nov. i, 1741", was baptized Wolferstan 

at Walton on Nov. 27 following'' : his fortunes must be closely followed, o" Gresley 

•' pedigree in 

Of the fourteen children of Sir Thomas Gresley, eleven Leicester- 
died unmarried or in infancy. Of the three sons who grew f'^t^it^n 
up to manhood, Thomas, Nigel and Geoffrey, the first died Reg. 
without issue, the male line of the second failed in 1837 
on the death of Sir Roger: and Geoffrey's only son died 
childless in 1758. 

GeofTrey was certainly at Nether Seile on Feb. 6, 1758'', ' Family 
and on April 6, 1763'', but went to Virginia soon after and comem-' 
married there. His wife's name was Jane Grant, according po^ry. 
to a statement s sent to the College of Arms by Sir Roger i Abstract ai 
Gresley on Dec. 31, 1835: he says that the name occurs '^'' "^ "^^'^• 



Reminis- 



io6 The Gresleys of Drakeloive 

ChapV. in an 'old pedigree' and that there was an erroneous idea 

that the Christian name was Mary. His children, born in 

"Elizabeth America, were Thomas, born Oct. lo, 1767 ^ and Jane 

wfu. see^^ Grammer, born April 4, 1769'': Geoffre}' himself died before 

below. jyjy 1774''. His widow came to England with the two 

children : and Richard Gresley (born 1766, died 1850, see 

p. 148) gave the following information to the Rev. J. M. 

Gresley:— that Geoffrey's widow 'returned to England with 

his two children, who lived with their grandmother [Gertrude 

Lady Gresley] at Lichfield in a house in Sandford St. about 

fifty yards from the George Inn, on the left-hand side as you 

go out of Lichfield.' On July 20, 1774, Elizabeth Beardsley 

of Tamworth (see p. 95) by a codicil to her Will ' left ^^200 

to 'the two children of her late godson Jeffery Gresley 

deceased,' namely to 'Thomas Gresley aged 11 on Oct. 

10, 1778, and to Jane Grammer Gresley aged 9 on April 

' Quoted in a 4, 1778'', both then 'resident with and maintained by their 

G°enrude grandmother J ', Lady Gresley. 

Lady Gresley Thomas Gresley, the son, who entered Rugby School 

Dec. 26, 1778, -' ' _ . 

at Drakeiowe. early in 1780, was on good terms with the family, and known 

onhebTnT familiarly as 'Thomas Gresley the sailor,' he being in the 

above. ' navy. He was dining for instance at Drakeiowe on Oct. 

" Family 7. 1 789'', and at Nether Seile on Jan. 9, 1790''. On Thursday 

Notebook. March 8, 1798", he died, and on March 12 was buried at 

Seile ■". The Rev. J. M. Gresley adds, no doubt from 

Richard Gresley's information, that Thomas 'shot himself 

at Tamworth, being, and having been, of unsound mind.' 

'Paper at Qn Jan. 4, 1836, Sir Roger Gresley testified' that the 

Rev. G. W. Lloyd, incumbent of Church Gresley, knew 

Thomas personally, had often met him at Drakeiowe, and 

Uv?i65, "c.^' could prove that he was the only son of Geoffrey and that 

" Nichols' he died unmarried. 

hit'pfr''''' Jane Grammer Gresley married on Jan. 21, 1795 -, Robert 
p. loii*. Willoughby Esq., first cousin of Lord Willoughby: she 
giJ.ei°br"°" died on Sept. 9, 1803°, leaving a son John" (born 1796; 
i^'*^''- Gresley jjgj j8ii, whcn a midshipman, on board ship, by falling" 
J. M. Gresley. from a oiast on to the deck) and a daughter Jane Charlotte ° 



John Gresley (xxii) T07 

(born 1797, died Sept. 15, 1803). Robert Willoughby" was Chap. v. 
of Kingsbury Cliff in Warwickshire (born Feb. 21, 1765 : p Burke's 
a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Militia), and had previously Gemnf(i846) 
married Cecile daughter of M. Pierre Gratian de Goudin ''• '6°3- 
of Sens : his third wife was Avarilla eldest daughter of 
Edward Croxall, and he had issue by all his wives. 



John Gresley, of Nether Seile, first cousin of Sir Thomas Gresley, XXii 

the 4th Baronet. 

(b. 171?: d. 1783.) 

John Gresley was born on Jan. 15, 171" ", at Nether Seile " Nether 
and baptized on the 25th of the same month ''. As a fourth ^' *" ''^' 
son he had no natural expectation of becoming his father's 
heir. However his elder brothers died, Lee making him 
his heir for his (John's) hfetime, and things went well with 
him. He lived at Wirksworth for most of his life, both his 
wives being from local families, and only in his later years, 
probably after his second wife's death in 1766, moved to 
Sandybrook near Ashbourne, where he died on Dec. 31, 
1783'', aged 73, and was buried at Ashbourne on Jan. 5, ■• Family 

o g Notebook. 

' "T ' " Ashbourne 

On Aug. 20, 1733', at Wirksworth he married his first R^^^g. 
wife Dorothy Wilcockson, who was baptized Dec. 12, 1708 \ ' wirksw. 
see pedigree lix. She must have died in 1746, probably '"^^" 
at or soon after the birth of her second daughter Elizabeth. 
Their issue was : — 

1. Thomas (born July 1734), see p. 113. 

2. John, born between Feb. 11, 173 j. and March 20 following", when " From age 
he was baptized at Ashbourne', went to Emmanuel College, Cambridge °" '"°""- 
(B.A. 1758, M.A. 1761, B.D. 1768), of which foundation he became a , Ashb Ree 
Fellow. At one time he was minister of Bakewell Chapel" in Derby- „ juon' 
shire: but at his death at Wensley on Feb. 10, 1795 (aged 58) he there: see 
was rector of Aller in Somerset": the burial was at Rovvtor Chapel in ?,°™'^'"f; ^"'^ 
Birchover parish, Derbyshire, where there is a monument to him. He q^^. 310." 
is described in a private letter of 1848 as ' popular,' and in personal 
appearance 'portly and commanding.' In 1781 he was residuary legatee 



io8 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



- Orig. \Vi 
1 Dated 

July 23i i: 



of John Wall" of Wensley (see p. 114), and his Willy shows that lie 
possessed considerable property, including lead mines and shares in lead 
mines. For his quarrels with his brother Thomas see p. 114. In his 
last years he suffered much from scorbutic ulcers. 
Ashb. Reg. 3. Elizabeth, baptized April 24, 1740 ', was buried at Ashbourne 
June 13, 1744 ^ 

4. Elizabeth, born, as may be deduced from her monument, between 
Nov. 14, 1745, and Nov. 13, 1746, married on May 22, 1764', at Ashbourne 
Family Samuel Ball of Tamworth, and died Nov. 13, 1802", aged 56, and was 

otebook. burled on the 19th ». For her children see pedigree xi. 



•> Marriage 
articles are 
dated July 6, 
1747- 
"^ Family 
Notebk. 
^ Ashb. Reg. 
» Hismother's 
Will. 

' Papers of 
the Rev.J. M. 
Gresley. 
6 Deed by 
him of 
Apr. 15, 
1777- 
■i From 
pedigree 
annotated 
by Rich. 
Gresley : 
and Family 
Notebooks : 
and Nichols' 
Leicester- 
shire. 

' Clifton Reg. 
J Gent. Mag. 
Ix. 1051. 
^ Family 
Notebk. 
1 Gent. Mag. 
Ixvii. 355. 
■>■ Deed of 
Will. I'heoph. 
Gresley of 
Apr. 15, 
1777. 

>■ Ashb. Reg. 
o Family 
Notebk. 
V Army Lists. 



John Gresley married secondly in July 1747*' Mary, widow 
of John Toplis of Wirksworth, nee Bradley, see pedigree 
lix : she died on Sept. 4, 1766°. Their issue was :— 

5 (i). Charles Lee, baptized at Ashbourne on Aug. 14, 1748 <1, died at 
Sandybrook on Feb. 10, 1768 , and was buried at Ashbourne two days 
later ". 

6 (2). James Henry, was alive on June 2, 1766", but is stated to have 
died unmarried under age, before April 15, 1777 ^ 

7 (3). William Theophilus, the year of whose birth appears not to be 
recorded, but who was over twenty-one in April 17778, was a surgeon, 
whom we find in 1797'' at Slough, and in 1803-26 at Liverpool, where he 
was house surgeon in the Infirmary. He died on May 19, 1826, with no 
surviving issue, though he married twice. His first wife was Anne only 
daughter of Richard Watkins rector of Clifton Camvill and Anne his 
wife. She died on Oct. 21, 1781, aged 29, of puerperal fever, and was 
buried on the 26th at Clifton *, leaving a son William who was buried 
on May 8, 1784'. On Nov. 29, 1790, 'William Gresley Esq. of the 
Hotwells, Bristol J' was married again to Mary Anningson of Clifton 
near Bristol, the daughter of a Twickenham gentleman : but she died on 
March 25'' or 27 ', 1797, without issue, and was buried at Twickenham on 
the 30th '. 

8 (4). Robert, who was over twenty-one in April 1777 °>, married, on 
Dec. 21, 1777, at Ashbourne", Mary Deane of that place, who died 
June 23, 1791, in child-bed. Robert occurs in April 1782°, and was 
buried at some subsequent date at Mosley near Ashton-under-Lyme, 
where his wife was also buried. His children are best given in 
a separate pedigree (see p. 146), as the name of Gresley still survives in 
this branch. 

9 (5). Walsingham, born in 1758 or 1759", was in 1784 a Lieutenant 
in the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of Foot i', and served in the 
West Indies, whence he returned with a liver complaint, and died 
unmarried at the Hotwells, Bristol, on March 16, 1786. 



Sir Thomas Grcslcy (xxiii) log 



Sir Thomas Gresley, 5th Baronet. — - 

{b. 1722 : d. 1753.) XX"! 

Sir Thomas was born at Drakelowe on July 12, 1722'', " Bible at 
at 4 a.m., and matriculated at Oxford from Balliol College 
on May 24, 1739, but took no degree. On succeeding to the 
Baronetcy in 1746 he took a larger share in pubhc affairs 
than his father, for in 1750-1 he was High Sheriff of Derby- 
shire, in connexion with which there is an account in the 
Reliquary^ of his coming into Derby in state for the Assizes. ■■ o.s..xi". 93: 
On Nov. 30, 1753, he was elected M.P. for Lichfield in the 
Tory interest, polling 348 against Henry Vernon's 261 ^ » Harwood's 
at a bye-contest— the omission of which in the official return (1806), 
of all Members of Parliament (Lend. 1878-91) is only one ^' ^^^" 
among many imperfections in that work — but within a month 
of his election died in London (on Dec. 23) of small-pox, at ' Gresley 
the early age of thirty-one, and was buried at Gresley' on ^f" , , , 

, r , J „ Nichols" 

the last day 01 the year. Leicester- 
Sir Thomas married, probably in 1749, Wilmot daughter ^io,7*!"' '"' '^' 
and heir of Mr. Hood of Leicester", of whom I cannot find ' Gent. Mag. 
any account. She long survived her husband and died in ixviii.'ags. 
Hertford Street, London, on June 11 '' or 12", 1797, and was ^^'[^1^1^'^ 
buried at Gresley on the 26th ^ Their only issue was ^Gresley 
a daughter:— '^''^• 

" •> Bible at 

Wilmot, born at Drakelowe on Aug. 17, 1750 y, and baptized at Walton Drakelowe. 
on Oct. 5^ of the same year, married her first cousin Sir Nigel Bowyer '■ Wolfcrstan 
Gresley, the 7th Baronet, see p. 119. notes to a 

pedigree. 

Sir Nigel Gresley, 6th Baronet, brother of the 5th Baronet. XXiU 

(b. 172J : d. 1787.) 

Sir Nigel was the most ingenious, energetic and public- 
spirited, but perhaps not the most prudent, of the Gresley 

' Rcliquaiy, O. S. xi. (1870-71^ 93. 

1751. Derby, March 2i. On Monday last Sir Thomas Gresley, of Drakelow, 
Bart., our High Sheriff, accompany'd by a great number of Gentlemen and 
Tradesmen of Burton-upon-Trent. and the neighbouring places, and attended by 
several Servants, in handsome Gold-Lac'd Liveries, came to the King's Head in 
this Town, where after refreshing themselves, and being joind by many other 
Gentlemen &c., and the proper Officers, they set out to meet Sir Sydney Stafford 
Smythe, the Judge appointed to hold the Assizes here, who arrived about Six the 
same evening. 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



* Bible at 
Drakelowe. 
t' Walton 
Reg. 

"= Navy Lists. 
■^ Information 
from Richard 
Gresley and 
Elizabeth 
Pycroft. 
The possible 
ships were 
the Furnace, 
Bridgewater, 
and perhaps 
Royal 
Sovereign. 

• Brit. Mus. 
MS. Add. 
15955, 

fol. 278. 



' Letter from 
Sir Roger 
Gresley 
Jan. 4, 1836. 
at Drakelowe. 
K E. Mete- 
yard's Life of 
Wedgwood 
i- 397- 

^ Bodl. MS. 
Ashm. 833, 
p. 227. 

•■ Ward's 
Stoke upon 
Trent, p. 163. 



Baronets of the eighteenth century. He was born at Drake- 
lowe on Jan. ii, 172^% and baptized at Walton on Jan. 27'' 
following. We find him early in life in the Royal Navy, 
his first commission as Lieutenant being in 1747 or 1748=. 
It appears to have been in his ship^ that Flora Macdonald 
was conveyed to London under guard at the close of 1746 : 
and to commemorate his kindness and courtesy on this 
occasion a picture of her (still at Drakelowe) was sub- 
sequently presented by Flora herself to Sir Nigel. He is 
even stated to have been a strong Jacobite in sentiment, 
but whether this chivalrous incident was the cause or effect 
of his political views, is not clear. He probably left the 
navy from ill-health, since in a letter* of March 18, 17!^, he 
dechnes the post of Lieutenant on the Mercury, which had 
been offered him by Lord Anson, on the ground of rheumatic 
complaints. In this letter, it may be added, he expresses 
views inconsistent with any love for the Stuart dynasty. 
He was still on the active list of Lieutenants at the close 
of 1750^ 

On succeeding unexpectedly to the Baronetcy, Sir Nigel 
found himself in possession of the Knypersley estate and 
since Drakelowe was assigned by will or arrangement to 
Dame Wilmot Gresley, he resided at Knypersley^ after 
his marriage, and kept hounds; until for the sake of his 
children's education, but partly also from debt^ he left 
Knypersley (in 1765) and moved to Worcester, and at last 
for health to Bath. It is interesting to remember that Kny- 
persley had been in possession of Alina'' wife of Engenulph 
de Gresley at least six centuries before. 

He was an early patron of James Brindley the engineer, 
who in 1752' erected for him a water engine for draining 
the Gresley coal mines near Manchester. In 1775 he ob- 
tained a private Act for constructing, in conjunction with 
his eldest son, the ' Newcastle Upper Canal ' to convey his 
coal and ironstone from the mines at Apedale into the 
Grand Trunk Canal at Newcastle-under-Lyme. It is about 
nine miles long and still known as Gresley's Canal, but 



Sir Nigel Gresley (xxiii) 



is derelict. His schemes, however, were not profitable, and Chap. v. 
in 1767 he obtained a private Act empowering him to sell the 
Knypersley estate. 

On April 17, 1787 J, he died at Bath (of dropsy?) and was J Mon'at 
buried in Bath Abbey'' four days later. ,!' ', . , 

-I ■' k Bath Abbey 

In the Gentleman s Magazine vol. Ivii (1787) p. 288 there Reg. 
is an eulogy of Sir Nigel signed ' Polyxena,' with some 
verses (by Major Barry) to his memory : and also a sym- 
pathetic but discriminating character of him stated to be 
by Governor Philip Thicknesse ' which may be here ' Nichols, 

•^ . , ^ ' ^ Leiccstei-- 

repnnted : — shire lii. pt. 2, 

'Sir Nigel Gresley possessed a character that ought not to be passed ' 

by with one eulogium, however just, and with one testimony of public 
regret, however sincere. The nature of this Baronet was good-nature. 
Me was a kind husband, a tender father, a zealous friend, an hospitable 
neighbour. He was brave without boasting, and was just such a man 
as Sterne describes his uncle Toby, to whose kindness the weak would 
fly for protection. His manners were simple and unaffected, not such 
as are formed by the dancing- master, or acquired in a foreign tour. 
They were far better, and had a nobler source, for they sprung from an 
excellent heart. He had a soul for sympathy, and a tear for pity. His 
form, indeed, was robust beyond common appearance; but his 
dispositions were mild, generous, and unsuspecting. It was rather 
a difficult matter to make him think ill, and it was very easy to persuade 
him to think well, of others. These, and their associate virtues, had in 
some part of his life, involved him in difficulty and inconvenience. 
Indeed, cold, inanimate prudence might say, that such qualities are not 
formed for what is called the prosperity of this world ; and it may be 
true ; but they will stand him in good stead in that world whither he is 
gone. While his family lament, and his friends regret, his loss, a distant 
and forgotten admirer oi his character lays an humble tribute of regard 
upon his grave.' 

In corroboration of this, Richard Gresley used to relate 
of Sir Nigel that ' nothing could put him out of humour, 
for he was certainly the most good-natured man I ever 
saw.' An old Nether Seile man™ who died about 1846, " v^iiiiam 
said that Sir Nigel 'was the biggest man he ever saw "^ ^" 
in his life, except it was a giant in a show,' and that when 
he went to church at Nether Seile, where he often visited, 
he was obliged to go sideways into the Hall pew. It is 
related of him also that one day when he was coming out 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



Chap^v. of the Pump Room at Bath, one of the chair-men standing 

by remarked upon his ' robust appearance ' and, in fact, 

was impertinent. Sir Nigel immediately said to him 'Take 

me up to Lansdowne Crescent,' and got into his chair. Before 

they had proceeded far up the hill, the man besought him 

not to require him to go any further, and humbly begged 

pardon, which Sir Nigel readily granted. 

" Astbiiry On May i8, 1752°, at Astbury in Cheshire he married 

^^' his cousin Elizabeth, third daughter and co-heir of the 

Rev. Ellis W3'nn of Congleton and Elizabeth his wife, nee 

Oldfield. After her husband's death she lived in the Close 

o iiiformntion at Lichfield in a house ° opposite the South Transept of the 

Gr™ify.'^'''"'^ Cathedral, where she died on May 13, 1793 p: she was 

p Nichols- buried in the Abbey Church at Bath « on the 22nd. She 

shi'rehTpt.2, ^^"^^ familiarly known as ' Lady Whitewig ' in contradistinc- 

lo"*- tion to Gertrude Lady Gresley, see p. 105. Among the 

Reg.' ^^ friends of her later life was Miss Anna Seward, from whose 

letters we learn that in 1789 they met after a separation 

r Letters ii. of nearly twenty years ', and that Lady Gresley entered her 

325- 'new house ^ in the Close' in Dec. 1790, after staying for 

' '"' ■* ■ some time in one of the Canons' houses ; with details of 

« Ibid. iii. 15. her lameness and final illness which a visit to Buxton ' in 

1792 failed to cure. At this time Lady Gresley had a ' feeble 

" Ibid. iii. 115, and delicate frame",' but was of an active and intellectual 

cf. 228, 331. disposition. Her two unmarried daughters were living 

with her till her death. The children of Sir Nigel and 

» Her Elizabeth were : — 



notebo 



Nigel Bowyer (born March 18, 1753), 7th Baronet, see p. 117. 



"^ Manuscript „ , , ,, ,.,... 

'Hist of Our 2. Dorothy, born May 12, 1754'', died in infancy. 

Ancestors by ^ Anne, born May 11, 1755, who was known as 'Graceful Gresley' 

from her fine minuet dancing, married Sir John Edensor Heathcote on 



mother's J^"- 3> 1780, at Walcot church near Bath : for their children see the 

notebk. Heathcote pedigree. She is stated to have died in Sept. 1797", in 

v Gent. Mag. child-bed. 



N.S. xi. 557. 
* Ibid. vii. 



4. Elizabeth, born Aug. 18, 1756'^, died unmarried at Leamington on 
April 10, 1839 y. 

ly 5. Frances, born Nov. 30, 1757 ", died unmarried on Sept. 30, 1836 '^, at 

;. Leaminglon, and was buried there on Oct. 7". 



Rev. Thomas Gresley (xxiii) 113 

6. Louisa Jane, born Oct. 5, 1759 ", lived at Drakelowe "" after her Chap. V. 

sister-in-law's death, and married on May 5, 1798, the Rev. William ^ 

Gresley of Nether Seile : and died on April 20, 1806, leaving issue : mother's 

see p. 122. Notebk. 

7. Harriet, born Feb. 9, 1761 ^, married John Jelly <= Esq., a solicitor of Letters iii. 
Bath, son of Thomas Jelly, and had six children <• :— John Gresley 381. 

(born July 13, 1790, married in 1824 Sarah Weeks, and had issue), " Information 

Edward Nigel (drowned at sea in 1812), Harriet, Selina, Frances, and j™J" -^^ " 

Louisa (born at Bath, died at Farley in Somerset June 30, 1810, aged 17). 1844. 
Harriet died at Norton St. Philip's May 25, 1832, and was buried at 
Farley. 

8. Mary Susanna, born April 23, 1762'', married (in Lichfield d Lichf. Cath. 
Cathedral, on July 19, 1791'') the Rev. Baptist John Proby", Vicar of Reg. 

St. Mary's, Lichfield, eldest son of the Very Rev. Baptist Proby, Dean » An account 

of Lichfield, and Mary his wife, tic'e Russell. There were five children 2. '"'"m^ '" 

of this marriage : — Capt. Will. Hen. Baptist (R.N., married in 1831 vol. c, pt. i, 

Mary Louisa How, and had issue, died Nov. 26, 1839), Rev. John Carys- p- 280: the 

fort (married at Calcutta Lydia Browne, and had issue), Joshua Brown- *p"°wing 

low (died in infancy), Maria Susanna (died 18621, and Louisa (died 1849). chiefly from 

Mary Susanna died on Nov. i, 1820, and was buried on the 9th in Maria 

Lichfield Cathedral : her husband died on Jan. 14, 1830. Prob""t8 o 



Rev. Thomas Gresley, D.D.. F.R.S.. of Nether Seile, 2nd cousin of XXIU 
the 5th and 6th Baronets. 

(6. 1734 : d. 1785.) 

Thomas was born shortly before July 21, 1734, the date 
of his baptism at Wirksworth ^. He matriculated at Oxford ' Wirksw. 
from Hertford College on April 17, 1751, and came under ^'^^' 
the rigid and peculiar statutes of its Founder, Dr. Richard 
Newton: he took his B.A. degree (after his marriage) on 
Feb. 14, 1758, M.A. May 11, 1758: B.D. and D.D. together 
as a Grand-Compounder on Nov. 11, 1768. He was or- 
dained priest on Sept. 24, 1758, by the Bishop of Lincoln, 
and on Oct. 31, 1759, was instituted Rector of Nether Seile 
(of which he was also patron)— a living he retained till his 
death. He was a man of considerable means, and in about account and 
1770 purchased the impropriate tithes of Church Gresley ^^"3^°*^^™ 
and of Measham. His favourite residence was Four Oaks*'* Warden, no. 
in the parish of Sutton Coldfield, which he bought from p.""^' ' ^ ' 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



at Drakelowe. 



Lord Irnham on April 5, 1778: and an account of his 
hospitality and courtesy to some visitors there in 1779 is 
given in Sir Rich. Joseph Sulivan's Observations during 
a Tour (Lond. 1780, pp. 141-2). At his death his Will 
shows that he was owner of property in Nether Seile, 
Donisthorpe, Clifton Camville, Sutton Coldfield, Shenstone, 
Tamworth and parts of Derbyshire. 

His life was that of a country rector in easy circumstances, 
but he was extremely touchy in matters which concerned his 
reputation, and peppery in temper. He was most indignant, 
for instance, with his son William for not obe3'ing his wishes 
in the matter of a profession '', and conducted his disagree- 
ment ^ with his brother John with much asperity. It appears 
that Mrs. Beardsley, Thomas's cousin, had by her Will dated 
Oct. 6, 1778, settled property on Thomas to the exclusion 
of his brothers and sisters, who were disappointed. John 
undoubtedly after this spoke of his brother as ' Dr. Delegate 
the Will-maker,' suggesting thereby that he had dictated 
his aunt's Will : and a pretty quarrel arose, which lasted 
till John's death in 1783. Their sister Mrs. Ball also shared 
John's feelings, but as she was partly dependent on Thomas 
after her husband's death, she endeavoured to keep on good 
terms with both sides. John however obtained some com- 
pensation, for Mr. Wall of Wensley, who had tried unsuc- 
cessfully to act the part of a peacemaker, made him his 
residuary legatee, as has been mentioned. But nothing 
would reconcile the two brothers, and their old father, John, 
was much exercised about it, and made frequent attempts 
to heal the wound. 

On April 17, 1785, Thomas had a fit of apoplexy at Bath 
and died the next day*", and was buried in St. James's 
Churchyard' there on April 23. 

He married first on Feb. 7, 1757 \ Elizabeth eldest 
daughter and sole heiress of the Rev. William Vincent of 
Sheepy Magna in Leicestershire : she died on May 19, 
1769'', in the thirty-seventh year of her age. Their children 
were : — 



Rev. Thomas Gresley (xxiii) 



I. Nigel, born and privately baptized at Nether Seile on Jan. 7, lysS', Chap. V. 



The details 



and cliristened on Feb. 7 following, died on Jan. 9, 1761, and was buried 
the same day at Nether Seile. 

2. Dorothy, born at Nether Seile on April 21, 1759, baptized the same |^°"b^oks^ 
day, christened on May 13, died on Feb. 11, 1767, at Derby and was when not ' 
buried at St. Michael's in that town. otherwise 

specified. 

3. William (born Aug. 27, 1760), see p. 121. 

4. Thomas, born Nov. 11, 1761, baptized the same day at Nether Seile, 
christened on Dec. 13, was matriculated at Oxford from Christ Church 
on May 2, 1780 (B.A. Jan. 27, 1784, M.A. May 21, 1801). He was 
ordained Deacon on Aug. 3, 1784, and Priest in June 1786, after which he 
went to Switzerland till November. At about this time or later he was 
Chaplain to Charlotte Sophia Baroness Howe : but for a few 3'ears after 
his return from abroad he appears to have led the life of a country 
gentleman, hunting and coursing with avidity : until on June 30. 1790, he 
was instituted to the living of Stretton-en-le-Field, which he resigned in 
the following year, while on a foreign tour with his two sisters for the 
health of the elder one. Thomas was always much interested in 
greyhounds, and it was on this tour in Spain that he obtained from the 
Royal Kennels at Lisbon the breed of Seile Pointers which became 
afterwards well known. He returned to England on Aug. i, 1792. In 
May 1794 he was made Chaplain of the new Volunteer Yeomen of 
Leicestershire, and a sermon preached before them on Aug. 29 was 
printed. After this he held several livings, Hinton on the Green in 
Gloucestershire (Jan. 1797-Oct. 1802), Polesworth (given him by the 
Lord Chancellor, Oct. 1802 till his death : the Vicarage was burnt down 
on Jan. 18-19, 1803), and Nether Whitacre (Oct. 1804-1817). But in 
Jan. 1807 he had a paralytic stroke, and was an invalid ever after, till 
his death at Polesworth on March 19, 1817, from inflammation of the 
lungs supervening on fits : the burial was on the 25th. He was never 
married. Tradition says that he was rather a character in his way, and 
well known for the excellence and antiquity of his port. 

5. Richard, born and baptized Aug. 9, 1766, at Nether Seile, christened 
on Sept. 12, went in 1776 to Mr. Wood's school at Loughborough and in 
the next year to a school at Lichfield conducted by Mr. Price, whom his 
pupil followed to Birmingham in 1779 on his appointment as master to 
the Free School there. Next he became private pupil of Mr. Birch of 
Thoresby in 1781, and in 1784 of Mr. Gunning at Sutton near Wood- 
bridge. On June 25, 1785, he matriculated at Oxford from Christ Church, 
and came into residence the next October, but took no degree, and 
removed his name from the books on Oct. 28, 1787, on which occasion 
he ' received advice from the Dean [Dr. Cyril Jackson] which I shall 
always remember with thankfulness.' The next year he entered 
Lincoln's Inn, which he exchanged for the Middle Temple in 1791 : was 
called to the Bar on May 30, 1794, and became a Bencher in 1830. But 
having some property and being fond of country life he determined to 



ii6 The Gresleys of Drakelowe 

leave London and practise as a provincial counsel, and we find him 
living at Slieepy in 1794 and Coventry in 1796. About this time he was 
engaged to be married to a Miss F. Wilson, only child of Capt. Wilson 
of Tamworth, but she died on Dec. 15, 1799, and on May 22 in the 
following year he took as his wife Caroline, youngest daughter of 
Andrew Grote, of Threadneedle St. and Gloucester Place, Portman 
Square, London, banker; an aunt of the Historian. His residence from 
1800 till 1817 was at Kenihvorth, but on Oct. i in the latter year his wife 
died in child-birth at the age of forty-five, and on Dec. 17 he moved 
to Stowe House near Lichfield, which he had recently purchased. There 
he lived for nearly eight years, having married on Dec. 5, 1820, his 
second wife Mary, widow of Robert Drummond of Megginch Castle in 
Perthshire, and eldest daughter of the Rev. Joseph Pliillimore, Vicar of 
Orton on the Hill. The marriage took place at St. Martin's in the Fields, 
London. On Oct. 12, 1829, he made another change, having bought 
Meriden Hall in Warwickshire. This he only left after his son Richard's 
death in Oct. 1837, 3^d seems to have resided for a time at 5 Waterloo 
Place, Leamington, but took his wife for a tour abroad in 1838-9. On 
Dec. 14, 1841, his wife had a paralytic stroke, not for the first time, died 
the next day, and was buried at Fulham. At this time Richard was 
living at II Oxford Square, London, where he died at the age of eighty- 
four on March 27, 1850. His body was taken to Nether Seile for burial 
(April 3), where there is a monument to his memory. He is well 
remembered as a genial, courteous gentleman, full of information and 
ready to impart it. One of his favourite pursuits was archery : he was 
a Woodman of the Forest of Arden as early as 1787, and a member of 
the Society of Kentish Bowmen in 1788, besides winning the ' Meriden 
Arrow ' in 1793 and 1797. He was also a Major in the Warwickshire 
Yeomanry. 

His family of eight children are dealt with separately (see p. 148) : the 
eldest was the well-known writer and divine, the Rev. William Gresley, 
of Boyne Hill, near Maidenhead. 

6. Elizabeth, born (and no doubt baptized) on March 4, 1763, christened 
on April 5 following, was of weak health throughout her life, and lived 
with her sister Mary at Nether Seile till Dec. 1789. At that time their 
brother, the Rector of Seile, was growing up, and though invited to 
remain they decided to leave and in Sept. 1790 took lodgings at 
Worcester. In 1791 Elizabeth was in a decline, which the Spanish tour 
with Thomas failed to arrest. She landed at Falmouth on Aug. i, 1792, 
and stayed at the Hotwells near Bristol in October, but gradually sank, 
and died on Nov. 28, 1792, at Nether Seile, where she was buried three 
days later. Many of her and her sister Mary's letters are preserved at 
Drakelowe, and show them both to have been lively and gay young 
ladies, with a keen enjoyment of the pleasures of social life. 

7. Mary, born and baptized Aug. i, 1764, christened on Oct. 10, lived 
with her elder sister during the latter's lifetime, and after that (from 1793) 
with her aunt at Tamworth until 1806, when they both moved to Seile. 



Notebook. 
■> Mon' at 
N. Seile. 



Sir Nigel Bowyer Gresley (xxiv) 117 

In 1815 she bought a house in St. John St., Lichfield, opposite the end Chap. V. 

of Frog Lane and the Robin Hood Inn, where she lived till her death 

there on Feb. 6, 1834 : she was buried at Nether Seile on the 13th. 

8. Frances, born and baptized Apr. 29, 1769, died at Nether Seile on 
July IS, 1770. 

Dr. Gresley married secondly on March i, 1777™, at " Express 
St. Clement's in the Strand, London, Elizabeth widow of j. w. Pycroft, 
William Pycroft, surgeon, of Burton-on-Trent, and daughter the^ch^rdi 
of Joseph Wilkes of Over Seile. She was baptized on Register. 
Aug. 18, 1735, at Nether Seile, and her first marriage was 
there solemnized on Sept. 23, 1757: she had issue by her 
first husband (who died in 1762 or 1763), and herself died 
on Aug. 26° or 27°, 1816, aged 81 : and was buried on the " Family 
31st. The children of Dr. Gresley by his second wife were : — 

9 (i). Charles, born June 20, 1777 p, and baptized on the 29th, died on 
Oct. 5, 1785, at Solihull and was buried three days later at Nether Seile. 

10 (2). John, baptized at Nether Seile March 23, 1779, christened on 
April 18 following, died at Four Oaks on Dec. 27, 1782, and was buried 
at Nether Seile on Jan. 3. 



Sir Nigel Bowyer Gresley, 7th Baronet. XXiv 

{b. 1753: d. 1808.) 
Nigel Bowyer was born on March 18, 1753'', and educated i Family 
at Manchester Grammar School ' : but we know httle of his ^°"=''''- 

iTir i-ri>ii ■ • -,,•' Admitted 

lile before his fathers death, except m connexion with his June 11,1763, 
marriage. In 1780 however he was High Sheriff of Derby- tl^^^^^; 
shire, and in 1783 obtained a private Act enabling him to iChctii. Soc.) 
lease part of his Staffordshire estates to persons interested 
in iron works. From this Act it appears that Nigel had 
already interested himself in iron works on his estates, 
following the example of his father. He also endeavoured to ^^ „ . 

» Chafiers 



afcd. (1876), 



improve the pottery made at Gresley, which had previously Pottery 

been a coarse brown ware made from a bluish-white super- p. 809 :^ and 

ficial clay known as ' Rough Tom.' In 1795, in conjunction f"o^™jJ'oid 

with Mr. Adderley, Sir Nigel established a porcelain factory = Gresley man 

named 

I'liomasGrcy, 
given to tlic Rev. J. M. Gresley. ' Cliurch Gresley, Derbyshire. Porcelain. There was a 
manulaclory ol china cstablialied at Gresley Hall, the scat of tlic Gresley family, in 1795. It was 



ii8 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



" Ibid. ' 
209, cf. 



' Nichols, 
Leicester- 
shire iii. pt. '. 
936. 



» Seward's 
Letters iii. 
343- 



at Church Gresley, emplojnng Staffordshire men, and suc- 
ceeded in producing the Gresley China, for which the Miss 
Gresleys used to paint the patterns. Several sets of this 
ware are still at Drakelowe, but the factory was unremu- 
nerative, and was sold in 1825. About i^8o,ooo are said to 
have been lost in this unfortunate venture. 

Miss Seward was staying at Drakelowe in July 1794, and 
testifies' that 'Sir Nigel knows well how to animate and 
diversify the longest summer day.' She mentions also" that 
he personally designed a monument in Lichfield Cathedral 
erected to the memory of a Mr. Saville, a Vicar Choral, who 
died in 1803. 

At a bye-election early in 1799 Sir Nigel unsuccessfully 
contested a Parliamentary seat at Lichfield in the Con- 
servative interest, his successful opponent being Sir J. 
Wrottesley. Among the public posts which he held were 
the Recordership of Lichfield from 1802, a Trusteeship of 
Raunston Hospital" in the same year, and a Governorship 
of Appleby School "". At Drakelowe he kept open house, 
and delighted the neighbourhood with masqued Balls. The 
following verses by Miss Anna Seward ^ politely declining 
an invitation to one of these Balls on Dec. 20, 1793, have been 
printed in La Belle Assemblc'e or Court . . . Magazine, no. 
57 (1829), but are here given from the autograph of the 
authoress. 

An Apology to Sir Nigel Gresley for not accepting his invitation to 
his Masqued Ball [Dec. 20, 1793, at Drakelowe]. 

Ah! Gresley, skill'd to deck the festal rite 
With Taste's coy art and Fancy's various light. 
Soon when those Powers sliall lead the frolic train 
Beneath the splendour of their chosen Fane, 



for about twenty years, and the property was sold in 1825, not being 
e. My informant, Mr. W. Brown, says, " Part of the buildings were 
standing as stables in the farmyard, and were repaired in 1848. My mother told 
me about the Miss Gresleys painting china for themselves when she went over the 
works. Gresley Hall was bought by my father from the Gresleys, and was 
occupied by my grandfather, and we retained it till 1851 ; we had many dozens of 
wastrels, plates of very fine transparent china, white with a deep blue tree with 
birds ; tliey were all said to be imperfect, or they would have received a second 
colour in gold." '— W. Chaffers' Potkiy andPoicdmn, 8th ed., by F. Litchfield, Lond., 
1897, 8", pp. 803-4. 



Sir Nigel Bozvyer Gresley (xxiv) 119 

Where Drakelow, white as o'er the Vale she gleams Chap. V. 

Eyes her fair form in Trent's pellucid streams, 

Cou'd I amid the jocund band convene 

Youth, Health or Spirit to the glittering scene, 

Then shou'd my pen thy flattering summons greet 

With gladdened heart and with acceptance meet. 

But long precarious health. Life's faded bloom. 

And recent ravage of the ruthless Tomb 

Closed o'er my friends, forbid the pageant bower 

To shine before me with magnetic power. 

When graver pleasures and domestic mirth 

Raise the soft Lares o'er thy glowing hearth, 

Thine may it be to share the joys benign 

More grateful to Existence's decline, 

To view expanding mind with effluence warm 

Illume thy loved Maria's youthful form, 

To mark, around that ever liberal board, 

Blessed by glad welcome from its graceful Lord, 

With sportive glee his lovely infants sit 

And bright Louisa lance [launch ?] the dart of Wit, 

While most his sence and spirit render gay 

The golden leisure of the social day. 

Anna Seward. 
Lichfield, Nov. 19, 1793. 

Sir Nigel himself had literary tastes, and contributed some 
papers about the Civil War as it affected Staffordshire to 
Shaw's History of the County. At the end of his life 
he resided at Bath, and died there of dropsy on March 26, 
1808 y, and on April 4 was buried in the Abbey, where there j Manch.sch. 
is a monument to his memory. aixfve.''^ 

Sir Nigel married first at Croxall on Jan. 26, 1776 ^ his « Bibic at 
first cousin Wilmot (see p. 109), only child and heir of i^''a'"='°""=- 
Sir Thomas Gresley the 5th Baronet. There are some 
graceful verses 'On the Marriage of Nigel Bowyer Gresley 
Esq. with Miss Gresley of Drakelow. By a Friend,' pro- • Mon'at 
bably by Miss Seward: they begin 'As Gresley stood on ^ p^_^^' 
Gallia's shore.' She died at Bristol on Dec. 3% 4'' or 5^^, Notebooks. 
1790, and was buried at Gresley on Dec. 13. Elizabeth l[^r"J)''\ 
Gresley was living at Worcester at the time, and records Nichols' 
that on Saturday Dec. 11 'the Funeral of Lady Gresley shir'c''tii! pt. 2, 
pass'd thro' on their way to Gresley — the hearse, two '°"'- 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



■> See her 

Moil' at 

» Bible at 
Drakelowe. 
' His Mon« £ 
Whittington. 



' Cath. Reg. 
Gent. Mag. 
xxviii. 850. 



i Gresley 

Reg. 

" Gent. Mag. 

Ixvi. 612, cf. 

Ixxviii. 554. 

' Family 

Notebk. 

" Gent. Mag. 

N.S. XV. 107. 

" Pedigree 

annotated by 

Rich. 

Gresley. 

° Gresley 

Reg. 

P Bible at 

Drakelowe. 

"1 Gent. Mag. 

xcii. I. 368, 

cf. Foster's 

Alumni Oxon. 

>■ Papers of 

Charles 

Gresley 

Esq. 

' Gent. Mag. 

Ixxxvi. 1.568, 

cl. 607 and 

2. 504. 



mourning coaches and six, their own chaise and pair, and 
her sadle horse led with sadle covered with black and three 
men on horseback. The family came to Worcester, and 
stay'd all night.' She left three daughters, but in order 
to keep the property and title together bequeathed the bulk 
of the estates to any son of Sir Nigel by a future wife ^. 
The issue of this marriage was as below : — 

1. Wilmot Maria, born at Drakelowe April 7, 1778'', baptized at 
Walton May 20, was married at Gresley Church on Sept. 21, 1802', to 
the Rev. Thomas Levett, second son of Thomas Levett Esq. of Pack- 
ington. He died without issue on Oct. 9, 1843, ^' Leamington in his 
seventy-fourth year, and was buried at Whittington where he had been 
for forty years curate. She died on Dec. 17, 1845?, at Packington, and 
was buried at Whittington. 

2. Emma Sophia, born at Lichfield April 17, 1785", and baptized in 
the Cathedral on July 18'', was married at Scarborough on Sept. 15, 
1808', to Richard Edensor Heathcote, M.P., her first cousin, and had 
three children (see Heathcote pedigree). She died in Sept. 18138. 

3. Elizabeth Augusta, born at Drakelowe Dec. 5, 1787 ^ christened at 
Walton on Feb. 20, 1788 «, died on or about Oct. 4, 1808 ?, unmarried, and 
was buried at Gresley on Oct. 10 J. 

Sir Nigel married secondly Maria Eliza, only daughter 
and heir of Caleb Garway Esq., of Worcester. The marriage 
was at St. James's'', Piccadilly, London, on June 25, 1796'. 
She died at Cheltenham on Nov. 9, 1840™, in her seventieth 
year, having had four children : — 

4 (i). Almeria Georgiana Eliza, born April 9, 1797°, christened at 
Gresley Sept. 22' in that year, died on Jan. 6, 1798', and was buried at 
Gresley on Jan. 10°. 

5 (2). Louisa Georgiana Maria, born at Drakelowe on July 18, 1798 p, 
married on March 2, 1822, at Leamington the Rev. Edward WoodyafJ M.A., 
and had eight children, of whom the eldest son was the Rev. George 
Woodyaf, who on July 4, 1865, married Ella (Pendrill), and the eldest 
daughter was Georgiana Louisa ■" who on Jan. 10, 1843, married the 
Rev. Dennis L. Cousins of Cheltenham. Edward was of Kempsey in 
Worcestershire, and son of George Woodyat of Ledbury. 

6 (3). Roger (born Dec. 27, 1799), 8th Baronet, see p. 124. 

7 (4). Nigel, born at Worcester on March 15, 1801° p, died of con- 
sumption at the Hotwells near Bristol on May 19, 1816 ^ and was buried 
at Church Gresley on the 29th ". 



Rev. IVilliam Gresley (xxiv) 



Rev. William Gresley, third cousin of the 7th Baronet, father XXIV 

of the gth Baronet. 
(6. 1760: d. 1829.) 

William, born on Aug. 27, 1760*, and christened on Sept. ' Pedigree 
26", went in February 1779 to be private pupil of Mr. Birch by"R^ch! 
of Thoresby, and thence went to London to study for the Gresley. 
Law under a Mr. Russell'', but in spite of his father's Notebk.^ 
strenuous insistence could not ' settle his mind to that pro- » Letter of 
fession",' and on June 29, 1781, matriculated at Oxford from Hanna"h 
University College, taking his degree of B.A. on July ^■,'^^''^^\^^^ 
9, 1785: he appears however to have been entered as atOrakeiowe. 
a barrister of the Middle Temple in 1783"'. When his father " Foster's 
died he finally decided to change his profession : and after """' *°"' 
being on Sept. 25, 1785, ordained Deacon and on the 
Oct. 2 following Priest", he was at once inducted into the 
Rectory of Seile, a position which he held till his death. 
At first his two sisters kept house for him, but they left at 
the close of 1789. 

In 1798 at Gresley he married his third cousin Louisa 
Jane daughter of Sir Nigel Gresley the 6th Baronet, and 
the dispositions of the two are vividly characterized by Miss 
Anna Seward in a private letter of March 13, 1798, ' Louisa 
Gresley, the elegant, the witty, the eccentric, the agreeable, 
is going to marry her clerical kinsman and namesake, of 
silence so inflexible and solemn*; and on July 3 when the 
wedding was over she writes that Mrs. Gresley never looked 
' so healthy or so handsome,' and that she ' has animated her 
once statue-like husband with the vital light of love and 
happiness.' 

When his brother-in-law Sir Nigel Bowyer Gresley died 
in 1808, William found himself guardian of Sir Roger, and 
had much trouble in connexion with his education, until 
at last in 1820 he broke with the trustees and Lady Gresley, 
and resigned the guardianship. His later life was probably 
uneventful and quiet, except for two accidents which pre- 
vented him from leading an active life. On Dec. 14, 1814, 



The Gresleys of Drakeloive 



'■ V. his thigh was broken by a kick from his horse, and again 
broken on April 26 of the following year by a fall on the 
gravel walk in front of his house — on which occasion it 
was so unskilfully set by two Ashby surgeons that he was 
a cripple for life. His death came on Oct. 3, 1829, at 
Nether Seile, where he was buried on Oct. 10 : the following 

a. 571- character of him in the Gentleman's Magazine'^ is perhaps 
particular enough to deserve reprinting: — 'Mr. Gresley was 
alike distinguished by firmness and independence, and by 
the milder virtues of benevolence, humility and piety : his 
life exemplified the character of a faithful parochial minister 
and an English country gentleman.' 

On May 5, 1798, as has been mentioned, he married his 

y cousin Louisa Jane Gresley. She died on April 20, 1806 ^, 
and was buried at Seile on the 26th 5". Their issue, besides 
a still-born son on Dec. 26, 1799 ^ was : — 

1. Louisa Elizabeth, bom Sept. 11, i8oiy, christened Nov. 15^, who 
married on Julj' 26, 18255', at Seile the Rev. Spencer Madan, and had 
ten children : see pedigree xl. She died in the Close at Lichiield on 
Dec. 22, 1861 y. 

2. William Nigel (born March 25, 1806"), 9th Baronet, see p. 129. 
William married secondly on Aug. 29, 181 1, Mary the 

only daughter of Thomas Thorp Esq. of Over Seile and 
Loughborough, banker. After her husband's death she left 
Nether Seile with her family and went to live at Over 
Seile with her father, who died on Jan. 15, 1840, and was 
buried at Nether Seile on the 23rd. Mrs. Gresley herself 
died at Over Seile on July 19, 1869. Their issue (see ped. 
vii.) was : — 

3 (i). Frances Mary, born June 20, 1812, lived at Nether Seile until 
her father's death, and for the rest of her life at Over Seile, where she 
died unmarried on Sept. 17, 1888. She was distinguished for beauty, 
grace and intelligence, and had considerable powers of painting and 
drawing. 

4 (2). Harriet, born Sept. 25, 1813 : married the Rev. George Madan : 
see pedigree xl. 

5 (3). Emma, born Dec. 20, 1814, died May 8, 1815. 

6 (4). John Morewood, born July 6, 1816, educated at .\pplcb3- School, 
entered at Harrow in October 1830, but after a term there was injured 



Rev. Wtlliam Gresley (xxiv) 123 

(on Jan. lo, 1831) by an explosion of fireworks in his pocket at Nether 
Seile, and did not return to school, but went as a private pupil to the 
Rev. Eccles J. Carter at Bathford. On June 18, 1835, he matriculated at 
Oxford from Exeter College (B.A. from St. Mary Hall, May 21, 1840, 
M.A. Jan. 23, 1845), and took Holy Orders (deacon in 1841, priest in 
1842). From 1841 to 1847 and again from i860 to 1863 he was Curate of 
Seile, and in the interval Rector: and from Nov. 1863 till his death 
on May 15, 1866, Master of Etwall Hospital near Repton. He was an 
active Secretary (and one of the founders) of the Leicestershire Archi- 
tectural and Archaeological Society (1855-60), and Secretary and main- 
stay of the Anastatic Drawing Society (1855-64), as well as a strong 
Conser\-ative and an energetic parish priest. Memoirs of him will be 
found in the Gentleman's Magasine, 3rd Series ii. 114, and (by O. Jevvitt) 
in the Reliquary for July 1866. Besides many archaeological papers he 
accumulated with the utmost industry most valuable collections for 
a projected ' Stemmata Gresleiana : Genealogies of the Family of Gresley 
and their Connections ; from the time of Rollo ist Duke of Normandy 
to the reign of Victoria of England' : see App. E. Without them the 
present work could not have been undertaken. 

On Jan. 23, 1849, at Ashby he married Penelope (born Aug. 12, 1827), 
eldest daughter of the Rev. Marmaduke Vavasour and his wife Mary 
Ann (St. John) : she was a great-granddaughter of the well-known 
antiquary Dr. William Stukeley, and died on Feb. 22, 1858, of pulmonary 
phthisis, at Bournemouth. Their sons are:— Nigel Walsingham (born 
Jan. 31, 1850, educated at Repton, matriculated at Oxford from 
Exeter College on April 10, 1869, B.A. 1872, after honours in the School 
of Law and Modern History, M.A. 1876 : at Cuddesdon College : deacon 
1873, priest 1874: Curate of Ashbourne 1873-6, of Boyne Hill 1877, of 
Newport Pagnell 1877, of Dursley 1878-9 : Vicar of Milbourne St. Andrew, 
1879-87: Rector of Dursley from 1887: Rural Dean of Dursley, 1896: 
on Oct. 29, 1878, he married at Cheltenham Jane Charlotte, youngest 
daughter of the Rev. Arthur Drummond, widow of Henry Scott 
Gresley Esq., see p. 152), Geoffrey Ferrers (born Aug. 17, 1851 : ordained 
deacon 1878, priest 1879 ; Curate of Newport Pagnell 1878-83, since then 
a clergyman in Cape Colony, and chaplain on Robben Island in that 
Colony, now Vicar of Observatory Road, Capetown), William Stukeley 
(born at Ashby Nov. 7, 1852: in 1889 he married Maria Elizabeth, 
daughter of James Archer, and has issue, Stukeley Marmaduke, born 
1890, Nigel Morewood, born 1892: he now resides in Erie, Pennsylvania, 
U. S. A.), Roger St. John (born June 19, 1854, educated at St. Edward's 
School, Oxford, at Repton and at the Salisbury Theological College ; 
ordained deacon 1877, priest 1879: Curate of Milbourne St. Andrew 
1877-79, aad of St. John's, Glastonbury, 1879-81, and of Rowbarton 
near Taunton from 1881 : Hon. Canon of Wells Cathedral), Lawrence 
Staflbrd (born Dec. 4, 1855, educated at Repton, matriculated at Oxford 
from Exeter College on April 9, 1875. B.A. IVlay 31, 1879, after honours 
in History, M.A. May 11, 1882: ordained deacon 1878, priest 1881 : 



124 The Gresleys of Drakelozve 

Chap. V. Curate of Ashover 1879-82, and of Christ Church, Battersea, London 
1882-5: Vicar of Birdsall in Yorkshire from 1885). 

7 (5). Charles, born and baptized at Nether Seile on Nov. 28, 1817, 
christened on March 25 following, was at school at the Rev. W. Hutchins', 
Winifred House, Sion Hill, Bath : and afterwards articled to Mr. Whately 
a well-known solicitor in Birmingham. Since 1847 he has been Registrar 
and Chapter Clerk of the Dean and Chapter of Lichfield. On Oct. 21, 
1852, he married, at Goostrey, Augusta Catherine (born Feb. 6, 1825) 
youngest daughter of Egerton Leigh Esq. of the West Hall, High Leigh, 
and Jodrell Hall in Cheshire and his wife Wilhelmina Sarah second 
daughter of George Stratton Esq. of Great Tew in Oxfordshire. After 
their marriage they lived at the Moat House in Lichfield, but in 1853 
moved to their present residence in the Close. Their children 
are :— Wilhelmina Mary (born Sept. 28, 1853), Isabel Beatrice (born 
Jan. 19, 1855), Charles Egerton (born Oct. 26, 1856, died April 25, 1857), 
Augusta Penelope (born Feb. 12, 1858), Herbert Leigh (born July 27, 
1859, died Aug. 26, 1859), Nigel Egerton (born Aug. 5, i860, educated at 
Radley College, matriculated at Oxford from University College on 
Oct. 13, 1879, B.A. 1883, after honours in the School of Law and Modern 
History : now farming a ranche in Wyoming, U. S. A.), Eleanor Louisa 
(born March 3, 1862), Rosamond Evelyn fborn June 23, 1863), Charles 
Vincent (born August 20, 1865 : educated at Radley College : matriculated 
at Cambridge from Jesus College, B.A. 1890, M. A. 1899: ordained 
deacon 1895, priest 1897 • Curate of Wincobank near Sheffield], 
Margaret Morewood (born August 21, 1867). 

8 (6). Maria, born Jan. 25, 1821, lived at Nether Seile and Over Seile 
with her sister Frances till the death of the latter : since 1890 she has 
resided at the Moat House, Lichfield. 

XXV Sir Roger Gresley, 8th Baronet. 

(b. 1799: (/. 1837.) 
Bible at Sir Roger was born on Dec. 27, 1799 ^ at Drakelowe, and 

■akeiowe. baptized at Grcsley on Jan. 3, 1800 ^ He was only eight 
:g. years old when he succeeded to the Baronetcy, on March 

26, 1808, and his education was the subject of much anxiety 
to his mother and the trustees, who were not in agreement 
on the subject. Roger was a Ward of Chancery, and the 
trustees appointed by the Court and his guardian (the 
Rev. Wilham Gresley, who was his uncle by marriage) 
strongly urged that the boy should be sent to Westminster : 
but Lady Gresley insisted with much tartness and eccen- 
tricity that he should be kept at home, and her firmness 
and asperity prevailed. However he was sent to Oxford, 



St'r Roger Gresley (xxv) 125 

where he matriculated from Christ Church as a gentleman 
commoner on Oct. 17, 1817, but left in 1819 without taking 
a degree. 

At Christ Church he became acquainted with the sons of 
the Earl of Coventry, and occasionally stayed with them at 
Croome the family seat at Severn-Stoke in Worcestershire. 
There he first met Lady Sophia whom he afterwards 
married, but when the match was proposed to Lady Gresley 
it met with her fierce opposition. She obtained an order 
of the Court of Chancery that Sir Roger should not quit 
the country without its consent, and that Lord Coventry 
should not allow him to marry his daughter without similar 
permission. By these and other means the wedding was 
postponed until the young Baronet was of age, and actually 
took place on June 2, 182 1, but Lady Gresley refused to 
be present or to see the bride. 

From about 1826 Sir Roger Gresley engaged in public 
life, and also produced several literary works. In that year 
he was High Sheriff of Derbyshire, and unsuccessfully 
contested Lichfield in the Conservative interest, obtaining 
356 votes against Sir G. Anson's 474 and the Hon. G. J. V. 
Vernon's 411. About this time he was also Captain of the 
Staffordshire Yeomanry, and Groom of the Bedchamber 
to the Duke of Sussex. In 1830, besides being elected an 
F.S.A., on Dec. 9, he was more successful in his political 
campaign, being returned on Aug. 5 as Conservative Member 
for the City of Durham (M. A. Taylor, Liberal, 546 votes: 
Sir R. Gresley, 486: W. R. C. Chaytor, Liberal, unsuc- 
cessful, 436) : but he was unseated in the following year, 
when he again obtained a seat at a bye-election for New 
Romney. In 1832 he was unsuccessful in South Derby- 
shire, his old opponent Mr. Vernon polling 3036 and Lord 
Waterpark 2839, against Sir Roger's 1952: but this result 
was reversed in Jan. 1835, when the same three contested 
the same constituency, and Sir Roger obtained 2,495, his 
Conservative colleague Sir George Crewe 2517, but Vernon 
1951 and Waterpark 1910. Onl}- once again did he contest 



126 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



" Battle 
Abbey Roll 



" Cox's 
Derbyshin 
Churches i 
371. 



"* J. Ashton's 

When Will. 
IV was King 
(1896, p. 179. 



' The 

paragraphs 
are derived 
from notes 
furnished by 
Sir Robert 
Gresley. 



a seat, at the close of his life, when South Derbyshire 
rejected him in July 1837. 

In the intervals of poHtical life Sir Roger lived a good 
deal in Italy and Paris. The Duchess of Cleveland is 
responsible for the statement '' that he ' parcelled out ' his re- 
maining property 'in such a manner that by annual sales it 
should last him his life ; but he died a comparatively young 
man.' This may be true : as early as 1828 he sold the site 
of the priory of Gresley" as well as the Castle Hill and 
the Hall, both at Gresley: and later he sold various rights 
of minerals to his own solicitor Mr. IVIousley, whose executors 
were made to refund the purchase money by legal decisions 
of July 10, 1858, and April 29, 1859. Sir Roger incurred 
very considerable debts, partly no doubt in connexion with 
his parliamentary contests. Incidentally we find"^ that he 
was one of the managing committee of Crockford's Club, 
where gambling went on, in 1834. In 1836 he sustained 
a severe injury by a fall from his horse, which brought on 
paralysis, from which he never entirely recovered : and on 
Oct. 12, 1837°, he died suddenly^ at Drakelowe, leaving 
no issue, and was buried on the 21st at Church Gresley. 
Accounts of his life will be found in the Gentleman' s 
Magazine for 1837, pt. ii, p. 649, and in the Dictionary of 
National Biography. Sir Roger adopted the spelling 
'Greisley' for his name. His Library was sold by auction 
in London on May 22-4, 1838. 

Sir Roger' was one of the Baronets who first called 
attention to the anomalies and encroachments on the original 
charter of their order which had been from time to time 
committed by the Crown. After his death his cousin and 
successor the Rev. Sir Nigel Gresley also interested him- 
self in the matter, and was one of Sir R. Brown's famous 
committee of Privileges. In the light of the present revival 
of the movement it is worthy of note that Sir George Gresley 
the 1st Baronet was the first to call King James's attention 
to the question a few months after the institution of the 
order, and that after the lapse of more than two centuries 



Sir Roger Gresley (xxv) 127 

his descendants Sir Roger, Sir Nigel and now Sir Robert 
should take up the question. 

There are a few people still alive who can remember 
Sir Roger, and they describe him as tall and extremely- 
good looking, with a most high-bred courteous manner. He 
had marked ability, though he never did himself justice in 
Parliament, an excellent linguist and a man of great taste. 
In politics a strong Tory, intensely and perhaps inordinately 
proud of the ancient family of which he was the head, 
hating with every instinct of his nature the democratic 
tendencies which even in his days were commencing to 
make themselves felt, he spent the greater part of his short 
life and the greater part of his fortune in contested elections 
where he vigorously and eloquently pleaded the cause of 
those principles, of the truth and wisdom of which he was 
so strongly convinced. Altogether his was a striking per- 
sonality, and one characteristic of his time. A politician, 
a dandy, a virtuoso, a sportsman, a country gentleman, at 
the same time devoted to sport and to literary pursuits, 
an antiquary, a Pope's biographer and yet a strong Pro- 
testant, and a man of fashion, he exhibited a combination 
of qualities not often met with, even in those days when 
the exigencies of political life did not engross so much of 
a man's time, and when society was so much more exclusive 
and cultivated. 

Sir Roger's printed works were:— i. A Letter to the 
Rt. Hon. Robert Peel on Catholic Emancipation (Lond., 
1827, 8') : 2. A Letter to John Earl of Shrewsbury, in reply 
to his Reasons for not taking the Test (Lond., 1828, 8°) : 
3. Sir Philip Gasteneys, a Minor (Lond., 1829, 8°: a tale 
directed against modern Roman Catholicism), and 4. The 
Life and Pontificate of Gregory vii (Lond., 1832, 8': an 
account of Hildebrand, reviewed in the Loudon Literary 
Gazette of May 26, 1832). 

On June 2, 1821, he married The Lady Sophia Catherine, 
youngest daughter of the 7th Earl of Coventry, born Nov. 
30, 1801 : the wedding ceremony took place by special 



128 The Gresleys of Drakelowe 

Chap. V. license, with the consent of the bride's father (she being 
a minor) 'in the dwelling house of the Earl of Coventry 

■ Hari. Soc, in Piccadilly 8,' in the parish of St. George's Hanover 
ix^f.^l^s! Square, London. She married secondly on July i6, 1839, 

Henry Des Voeux Esq., eldest son of Sir Charles Des 
Voeux, Bar'. : and died on March 29, 1875 having lived at 
Drakelowe till her death. The only child of Sir Roger and 

■ Family The Lady Sophia was :— 

Motebk. 

Gresley Sophia Editha, born Oct. 4, 1823 h, who died Nov. 2 in the same year 

Reg. and was buried at Gresley' on the 8th of the same month. 



CHAPTER VI 

THE LINE OF BARONETS FROM 1837 TO 
THE PRESENT TIME 

The Rev. Sir William Nigel Gresley, 9th Baronet, first 

cousin (by his mother) of the 8th Baronet. 

(b. 1806 : d. 1847.) 

The Squires and Rectors of Seile in the eighteenth 
century, succeeding each other in that quiet village, can 
hardly have imagined that their descendants would take the 
place of the elder branch and carry on the long and un- 
broken male line of Gresley descent. They and their 
families were always on good terms with the owner of 
Drakelowe for the time being, but the relationship of the 
heads of the two branches seemed to be drifting from second 
to third cousin and from third to fourth. It is singular that 
the intermarriage of a Rector of Seile with a daughter of 
the elder hne immediately preceded the transference of the 
Baronetcy, so that the subject of our present attention, 
Sir William Nigel Gresley, was a son of a sister of the 
7th Baronet, as if Nature wished to provide that the 
younger branch should nevertheless be in direct and close 
descent from the elder. 

William Nigel was born and baptized at Nether Seile 
on March 25, 1806, and was educated first at Mr. Ward's 
School at Ravenstone in Derbyshire (from 1813), and then 
at Westminster, where he was admitted on Jan. 15, 1817. 
On Sept. I, 1821, he had an accident by which he lost 



I30 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



" This pa 
graph is 
from note 
furnished 
Sir Robe 
Gresley. 



a thumb, his gun having burst. On May 4, 1824, he 
matriculated at Oxford from Christ Church, and took his 
degree, as his half-brother John did subsequently, from 
St. Mary Hall (on May 27, 1829). In 1830 he was ordained 
deacon and priest, and in September of that year he 
succeeded to his father's position in the Rectory of Seile, 
which he held until his death. 

On October 12, 1837, he succeeded to the Baronetcy, 
and ultimately by Sir Roger's Will, dated May 2, 1837, to 
all his estates, except that certain properties were to be 
sold to pay debts, and except also life-interest (in Drakelowe) 
of the Lady Sophia Gresley, who did not die till 1875. 
Accordingly the Lullington property was sold in 1838 for 
;fg8,ooo to C. R. Colville Esq., who also in 1840 bought 
the impropriate Rectory of the same place. Of Sir Nigel 
hardly anything is recorded of permanent interest, and he 
lived quietly at Seile until his death on Sept. 3, 1847 : he 
was buried there on Sept. 10. One sermon by him preached 
at Nether Seile on Dec. 27, 1840, in memory of Miss 
Elizabeth Pycroft, was printed in 1841. An account of him 
will be found in the Gentlcmans Magazine for 1848 (N.S., 
vol. xxix) p. 84. 

Those persons who remember Sir Nigel* say he was 
a man much beloved, of extremely high spirits and, before 
his health broke down, devoted to hunting ; but the expenses 
incident to a large family combined with ill health compelled 
him to give it up many years before his death. At one 
time it was his habit, whenever he went to Freeford to see 
his old friend and schoolfellow Col. Dyott, to go straight 
across country. 

He married on March 24, 1831'', in Lichfield Cathedral, 
Georgina Ann, second daughter of George Reid Esq. of 
Watlington Hall in Norfolk, see pedigree Ixiv. Lady 
Gresley now resides at Barton under Needwood, in Stafford- 
shire, about four miles from Drakelowe. The children of 
Sir William and Lady Gresley, who were all born at Nether 
Seile Hall, were: — 



Sir Thomas Gresley (xxvi) 131 

1. Thomas, born Jan. 17, 1832, the loth Baronet : see below. Chap. VI. 

2. Louisa Mary, born April 6, 1833'' : for many years an invalid. 

3. Nigel, born Aug. 18, 1834 •>, educated at Rossall School and Trinity 
College, Cambridge, where he took his degree in 1858. In the next 
year he was ordained, and for a short time Curate of Chewton Mendip 
in Somerset, and then from i860 till his death on Jan. 29, 1897, Rector of 
Seile, but for the last twenty years of his life an invalid, and for the 
last ten blind. On April 27, 1864, he married Joanna Beatrice, youngest 
daughter of John Wilson Esq. of Barton under Needwood, and had five 
children : — George Nigel (born Feb. 19, 1865, educated at Clifton College, 
and Selwyn College, Cambridge, B.A. 1886, Curate of St. George's 
Darlaston and of Glascote near Tamworth, Vicar of Horsley Woodhouse 
in Derbyshire from 1896), Arthur Spencer (born Sept. 23, 1867, in business 
in Liverpool), Beatrice Georgina (born Aug. 10, 1866), Nigel Bowyer 
(born Sept. 18, 1870, now in the Bank of British North America, New 
York), Herbert Nigel (born June 19, 1876, a Mechanical Engineer). 

4. William Lee, born Jan. 26, 1836'", educated at Rossall, a member of ' Bible at 
the Free Foresters' Cricket Club in 1856 and i859<i, Lieutenant in the Drakelowe. 
Staifordshire Militia and Honorary Major of the 4th BattaHon North tYf 'd'^' 
Staffordshire Regiment. He died from the effects of falling accidentally p^^^ 

into the fire, on Feb. i, 1888, unmarried. Foresters 

5. Sophia Amelia, born Nov. 29^ (not 18^), 1837, died April 6, 1853, '^-^^^i' p^[^q' 
at the Close, Lichfield. , Family 

6. Georgina Wilmot, born Aug. 13, 1839', was married on April 9, Notebook. 
1863, at Barton, to Henry Cunliffe Shawe Esq. of Weddington Hall near ' Bible at 
Nuneaton, born Aug. 20, 1833, only son of Samuel Pole Shawe Esq. of Drakelowe. 
Maple Hayes in Staffordshire. Their children are:— Edith Marjr (born 

July 28, 1864), Laura Georgina (born Dec. 9, 1865, died May 11, 1875), 
Caroline (born May 3, 1867, died in infancy), Eleanor Grace (born Jan. 
30, 1872), Henry Nigel Pole (born Jan. 30, 1874), Margaret Sophia (born 
April 13, 1875, died in infancj'), and Charles (born Nov. 15, 1878). 

7. Frances, born and died March 20, 1841 ". 

8. Agnes Elizabeth, born Aug. 17, 1842', resides at Barton. 

9. Arthur Francis, born Sept. 4, 1844', now Commander in the Royal 
Navy, resides at Barton. 



Sir Thomas Gresley, loth Baronet. XXVI 
(b. 1832 : d. 1868.) 

Sir Thomas was born on Jan. 17, 1832 s, at Nether Seile « Bible at 

Hall, and baptized on Feb. 24''. He was educated at first by ^ 5^;^^°^'^' 

several private tutors, at Asperton ' near Ledbury, at Newton 1 Family 

Longueville* by the Rev. — Hughes, and from October N°'«book. 
1840 at the Rev. Charles Fletcher's pri\'ate school at South- 



The Gresleys of Drakelozve 



i This 
paragraph is 
from notes 
furnished by 
Sir Robert 
Gresley. 



well*. In August 1845 he entered the 'School House' at 
Rugby, then under Dr. Tait, and after leaving in 1850, went 
into the Army and became Captain of the ist Dragoon 
Guards, and Aide-de-camp to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
He had succeeded to the Baronetcy on Sept. 3, 1847. Much 
of the family property was sold by him, including Coton Park 
in 1853, land in Derby and Church Gresley in 1854 and 1857, 
and land in Linton in the latter year. 

For a brief period at the close of his short life he repre- 
sented South Derbj^shire in Parliament, being elected on 
Nov. 21, 1868, but he died on Dec. 18 in the same year at 
Shipley' in Derbyshire, and was buried at Cauldwell, where 
he had resided during his married life. 

Sir Thomas Gresley's memory-* is still held in affectionate 
regard by all who knew him, and his sad and premature 
death within a month of his election made a great sensation 
at the time, not only from the sad circumstances of the 
case, but also from the respect and admiration he had per- 
sonally inspired. This election was a great victory for the 
Conservatives, as both the sitting members were Liberals 
and both lost their seats. Like his father he was devoted 
to hunting, and like Sir Roger to Art, and he was one of 
the committee of gentlemen who acted as judges of the 
works of Art exhibited at South Kensington in 1862. After 
leaving the army he lived entirely in the country at Cauld- 
well, which is about 2\ miles from Drakelowe and was lent 
to him by Sir H. Des Vceux; there he devoted himself to 
the useful but unostentatious pursuits of a country gentle- 
man, especially county business, until his death in 1868. 

On Feb. 28, 1854, he married by special license at the 
Chapel Roj'al, Dublin Castle, Laura Anne, eldest daughter 
of Captain Robert Griffith Williams (2nd son of Sir Robert 
Williams, 9th Baronet, and Comptroller of the Household 
to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland), whose elder brother 
assumed the additional name of Bulkeley on inheriting the 
estates of Lord Bulkeley. She now resides at 55 Great 
Cumberland Place, London. 



Sir Robert Gresley (xxvii) 133 

Their children were : — 

1. Laura, born Aug. i, 1856, at Laputa Lodge, Ballyshannon : she died 
there on Aug. 6 of the same year, and was buried on the 8th. 

2. Walter, born and died Oct. 15, 1864. 

3. Robert (born Feb. i, 1866), nth Baronet, see below. 



Sir Robert Gresley, nth Baronet. 
{b. 1866.) 

Sir Robert was born on Feb. i, 1866, at 28 Upper * BiW 
Grosvenor St., London'', and succeeded to the Baronetcy 
when two years old. He was educated at Eton, and was 
a Lieutenant in the Derbyshire Militia. He is a Deputy 
Lieutenant for Derb3^shire. 

On June 6, 1893, he married at St. Margaret's, Westminster, 
The Lady Frances Louisa, eldest child of the 8th Duke 
of Marlborough, born Sept. 15, 1870. 

Their children are : — 

1. Nigel, born April 22, 1894, at 55 Great Cumberland Place, London. 

2. Laurence, born March 3, 1896, at the same place. 



Drakelowe. 



CHAPTER VII 

THE COLLATERAL BRANCHES FROM THE SEVENTEENTH 
CENTURY 

In most families which can show an antiquity and stability 
comparable to those of the Greslej's, there are a large 
number of collateral or cadet branches, which consist of 
descendants of the younger sons of the main line of the 
family. In the present case we find fewer than might be 
expected, and only four which need a separate and detailed 
account in the present chapter : of which one arises in the 
seventeenth century, two in the eighteenth and one in the 
nineteenth. These are (A) the IVoixcstershire and Bristol 
Gresleys, who spring from John, third son of Sir Thomas 
Gresley Kt. (Sir Thomas d. 1610, see p. 69) : (B) the 
Australian Gresleys, who are probably descended from 
Robert, sixth son of Thomas Gresley of Nether Seile 
(Thomas d. 1743, see p. 104) : (C) the North Wales and 
Liverpool Gresleys, from Robert, sixth son of John Gresley 
of Nether Seile (John d. 1783): (D) the family of Richard 
Gresley, fourth son of Dr. Thomas Gresley of Nether Seile 
(Thomas d. 1785). These will now be dealt with in turn, 
and it is remarkable that so far as the records are known, 
and they are considerable in extent, one of these lines is 
extinct in the male line, and one is represented by one 
gentleman without children. 

After these have been treated, a list will be given (E) 



A. Worcestershire and Bristol Gresleys 135 

of the Gresley families who are not known to be connected 
with the Drakelowe line, while the families which spell their 
name Greasley and probably came from the Nottingham- 
shire village of that name will be briefly touched on in 
Appendix D. It has been recently calculated from the 
Somerset House Registers of Gresleys or Greasleys that 
there are probably at this time about one hundred Gresleys 
alive and five hundred Greasleys, but a very small proportion 
are in any way connected with the family with which this 
book is concerned. It must be remembered that until 
surnames became fossilized and descended regularly from 
father to son, that is to say till the fifteenth century, Thomas 
the son of John might be Thomas Johnson, and his son might 
be Thompson. So too any man, whatever his station of life, 
who lived in Gresley might, as soon as he left the village and 
settled elsewhere, bear a name of the form John of Gresley, 
and thus bear no relation whatever to the Gresley family 
who were Lords of the Manor of Gresley. There must be 
hundreds of Gresleys or Greasleys now in England who 
have no right at all to claim kinship with the Gresleys of 
Drakelowe, and one of the four collateral branches which 
follow cannot fully prove its connexion. In any case, all 
four branches parted company from the main stem not less 
than three generations ago. 



A. TIic IVoxcstersIiirc and Bristol Gresleys. 

John Gresley, fourth son of Sir Thomas Gresley, Kt., of 
Drakelowe, and brother of the first Baronet, was probably 
born in 1581 (see p. 72), and after marrying, on April 20, 
1611, at Withington, Joan daughter and heir of Jasper More 
of Larden in Shropshire, resided chiefly at Shrewsbury. He 
had four sons, i. Ferrers, a lawyer, who lived at Welsford in 
the parish of Langford Bondville in Somerset : he married 
Elizabeth (Brooke)", but died without issue in Nov. 1691. • Somerset 
2. Henry, see below : 3. John, of whom 1 know nothing : 
4. Reginald, who died young. 



Wills 4th Ser. 



136 The Gresleys of Drakeloive 

Chap. VII. Hcnry Greslcy, a translator and writer of some repute, 
xix ^"^^ horn on Nov. 9, 1613, and educated at Westminster and 
Christ Church, Oxford, (matr. Sept. i, 1634: B.A.April 11, 
1638: M.A. July 8, 1641: incorporated at Cambridge in 
1651). When the Parliamentary Visitors came to Oxford 
in 1647, he seems to have been in residence and to have 
refused to submit, in consequence of which he was 
expelled, in March 165?. He then travelled in France as 
tutor to the sons of the Earl of Clare. At the Restoration 
he was given the Rectory of Severn Stoke in Worcester- 
shire, and held it and (from 1672) a prebend in Worcester 
Cathedral, until his death on June 8, 1678. His writings 
were i. an English translation of Balzac's Prince (Lond., 
1648, 8°), 2. an English translation of J. F. Senault's Christian 
Man (Lond., 1650, 4°). He also contributed poems to the 
Oxford Verses on the death of Viscount Bayning in 1638, 
and to the Horti Carolini Rosa Altera in 1640. An 
" Brit. Mus. English '' and a Latin '' poem by him are also preserved in 
13 A. xifi'. foi. manuscript. 

7^: ibid, iviii, j^g ^y^g j^yj(,g married, first (June 5, 1655) to Mary daughter 

of Edward Allye of Hatfield in Worcestershire, who died in 

April 1664, secondly (April 16, 1667) to Eleanor (daughter 

of Gervase Buck and Mary his wife) who died on Jan. 17, 

170^, aged 64. By his first wife he had five children, 

I. a daughter born in March 165I, who died the same day, 

probably twin with 2. Mary who died in 1657: 3. Henry, 

born in 1658, died unmarried: 4. Charles, born in 1660, see 

below: 5. Edward, born Feb. 24, i66i, who died young. 

By his second wife he had four children, 6. Anne, born 

Jan. 19, 166J-, who died young: ^. John, born Dec. 22, 1669, 

who died unmarried at Strensham on April 15, 1718: 

8. IValsingham, born Aug. 26, 1672, died in India in about 

1713 : 9. Francis, whose family requires a separate paragraph. 

XX Francis Gresley, the ninth child of Henry Gresley, was 

^Sev. Stoke ^^^.^ ^^ Stoke on Feb. 26, 167^ ", and is usually described 

<! Nash's Wor- as a Centenarian, but as he certainly died on Nov. 11, 1773 ^ 

cestershire ii. ^^ ^^.^^ ^^^^ ^^^\^, ^Q jjg matriculated at Oxford from 



A. Worcestershire and Bristol Gresleys 137 

Magdalen Hall on March 23, 169'^, aged 16 (B.A. 1694, Chap. vii. 

M.A. 1697). In 170^ he was at Naunton Beauchamp", but « Admin", of 

from April 3, 1706 till his death, rector of Strensham in Gresil-yVcb." 

Worcestershire*. He married Elizabeth daughter of Philip ■!' ^oi- 

Barton Esq. and sister of Dr. Philip Barton, Canon of 

Christ Church, Oxford; and had four sons and four 

daughters: — i. Francis, born April 24, 1712, successively 

Vicar of Charlton in Wiltshire and of Grendon Underwood 

in Buckinghamshire, where he died without issue on Dec. 28, 

1778, having married Mary Lipscomb: -2,. Philip, born June 

26, 1713, an attorney at Pershore, who married on Dec. 23, 

1745', Elizabeth Surman and died in Feb. 1763, leaving only ' Pershore 

two children : — Elizabeth, born Sept. 5, 1747, buried on '^^' 

July 29, 1758, at Pershore, and Philip, born Nov. 29, 1751, 

who married Ann and lived at High Park near Droitwich, 

but died without issue on Sept. 6, 1825. Thus ended the 

male line descended from Francis Gresley, but the Philip 

who died in 1825 by his will left his property to Robert 

Archibald Douglas Esq., son of General Archibald Douglas 

of Witham in Essex, on condition that he assumed the name 

of Gresley. Mr. Douglas who was Lord of the Manor of 

Sal warp, lived thenceforward at High Park, bearing the 

name of R. A. Douglas Gresley, but died without issue on 

Feb. 13, 1885 », having married in 1833 Rebecca Maria b j. j. 

daughter of Thomas Harvey Esq. of Portland Place, visiTaTionof 

London : she died on March 3, 1876. Robert's sister was ^^''"'5' """"^ 

the Helen Douglas who married Dr. Gaisford Dean of U893), p. 8. 

Christ Church, Oxford. Francis Gresley's third son was 

3. Henry, born May 22, 1714 (of Wadham College, Oxford, 

matr. March 16, 173.^, B.A. 1735, M.A. 1738, Fellow of 

Wadham 1741-50, Rector of St. Peter-le-Bailey, Oxford, 

1743, and of Tarent Hinton in Dorset from July 18, 1749, 

till his death in Nov. 1773): 4. Anne, born June 2, 1716: 

5. Elizabeth, born Apr. 21, 1717 : 6. Eleanor, born May 28, 

1721, died April 1785: 7. Sarah, born July 12, 1722: Q.John, 

born March 16, 1723, who died young. We now revert to 

Charles third son of Henry Gresley. 






to Chart. 
Jan. 19, i68| 



March ; 



138 The Gresleys of Drakelozve 

Charles Gresley, baptized Aug. 26, 1660, lived at Bristol, 
and his monument in St. Thomas's Church there states 
that he died on July 20, 1735. He married twice, i. Jane, 

" Admin", of ju'e Cannou, of Fitzhead in Somerset who died in 1688 (T)"", 
2. Joan""*, widow of John Blinman, of St. Decuman 's, 
Somerset. By his two wives Charles had twelve children, as 
^ She died below, of whom the first two only appear to have been by the 
first wife. The twelve were:— i. Thomas, born before 1695, 
married on Nov. 8, 1709, at St. Thomas's Church, Bristol, 
Joan (Blinman), daughter of his step-mother by a former 
husband: Thomas died in September 1727, and Joan in 
1748, having had five children, Robert (buried Aug. 26, 
1713), the Rev. Blinman Gresley (who matriculated at 
Oxford from Trinity College on March 23, 173', aged 16, 

"** Until his B.A. 1735, M.A. 1738: Vicar of Banwell "^ ** in Somerset: 

Nov. 23, 1772. married his first cousin Mary Gresley, and had issue 
Anna Maria, who died unmarried on July 30, 1845, aged 

N*s^"'v"v^'' ^'' Joanna, who married — Lyne, Thomas who died 

324. 



unmarried, and Sophia who died at St. Michael's Hi 



666, 



Ibid, xxxii. Bristol, on Oct. 28, 1849, aged 85 J, having been born deaf 
and dumb and become ultimately blind), Jane (buried 
Oct. 14, 1 715, aged two months), Ferris (buried on Aug. 16, 
1717, aged two weeks), and John (baptized at Redcliffe 
Church, Bristol, Oct. 30, 1723, who married Ann Lader, 
and died in Sept. 1781): 2. Henry, buried Dec. 11, 1697: 

3. Charles, born July 1695, died July 16, 1761, see below: 

4. Robert, born Aug. 1696, died March 1760, see below: 5. 
Margaret, baptized Nov. 4, 1698, buried March 18, 171 J : 
6. John, born 1701, died 1780, see below: 7. Francis, baptized 
Nov. 10, 1702, buried April 20, 1703 : 8. Mary, born 1703, 
died 1787, see below: 9. Elizabeth, baptized May 18, 1705, 
probably the Elizabeth who was buried on March 27, 1739: 
10. Aiuic, born 1707, see below: 11. Francis, baptized June 9, 
1708, buried May 10, 1791, having married Cecilia Leeson ; 
but all his children (John, Cecilia, Anne, Fanny, Mary) 
died young, except the youngest, who in 1774 married 
the Rev. William Milton, and whose daughter Frances was 



A. Worcestershire and Bristol Gresleys 139 

the mother of Anthony Trollope the novehst : 12. Henry, 
the date of whose birth is uncertain but who appears to have 
been aHve in 1791, sec below. 

Of this large family no less than six require separate 
mention, Charles, Robert, John, Mary, Anne and Henry: 
who will now be taken in order. 

Charles Gresley, son of Charles, was baptized on July 23, 

1695, and matriculated at Oxford from All Souls College 
on June 27, 1711 (B.A. 1715, M.A. Trinity College 1718): 
Rector of Blagdon in Somerset from 1720 till his death on 
July 16, 1761. He married i. — Andrews, by whom he had 
a daughter Anne who married Dennis Lemon of Worle : and 
2. Joan widow of Beadon Devon, by whom he had a daughter 
Elizabeth who married P. Tudball. 

Robert Gresley, son of Charles, was baptized on Aug. 27, 

1696, and matriculated at Oxford from Trinity College on 
March 9, 1712 (B.A. 1717, M.A. 1720, M.B. 1723): he was 
buried at St. Thomas's Church, Bristol, on March 7, 1760, 
having married Elizabeth Crosse (died Dec. 1776?: daughter 
of Richard Crosse of Broomlield in Somerset), by whom he 
had five children: — i. Anne, who married the Rev. Samuel 
Webb, rector of Winford in Somerset, and died without 
issue in 1799: 2. Elizabeth, who died unmarried and was 
buried on Aug. 22, 1800, aged 57 : 3. Mary, who also died 
unmarried and was buried on April 4, 1804, aged 69 : 
4. Robert, buried on Feb. 4, 173J, aged 2 : 5. Richard, who 
died in infancy and was buried on April 10, 1739. 

John Gresley, son of Charles, was baptized on May 23, 
1 701, became a merchant at Bristol, where he died, and 
was buried on April 4, 1780. He married Mary Marsh 
of New Sarum, and by her had three children, of the 
family of one of whom the fortunes have to be further 
traced. The order of the three is uncertain : their names 
were : — Catherine, who died j'oung and was buried on April 
13, 1745 : Amelia, who married i. John Marsh, 2. . . . Hallett : 
and John, see next below. 

John Gresley, son of John, married Mary (daughter 



140 The Cresleys of Drakelozue 

of Joseph Jones, of Bristol), who was buried on Oct. 16, 
1804, aged 66, and by her had six children :— i. Maria, 
who married George Webb Hall (died 1822), and had 
ten children, of whom seven were daughters : 2. Charlotte, 
who died unmarried at Clifton (Bristol) on March 4, 1850, 
aged 81 : 3. Catherine, who married as his second wife, 
on Feb. g, 1804, Thomas Hellicar Esq., a Bristol 
merchant, and had by him four children (Charlotte, 
Valentine, John Hellicar and Amelia Gresley, which 
last married Robert Ball Esq. and was the mother of 
Sir Robert Stawell Ball, now Lowndean Professor 
of Astronomy at Cambridge) : 4. Henrietta, who married 
Joseph Hellicar a brother of Thomas and had six 
children, one of whom (Marianne) married John Loudon 
McAdam, fourth son of the great road-maker, and another 
(Millicent) married the Rev. E. Caulfeild : 5. John, who 
died at the age of seven : 6. Charles, see below : 
7. Amelia who on Jan. 25, 1800, married as his first 
wife Paul Tatlock of London and had one son, 
Gresley. John died on June 4, 1796. 

Charles, sixth child of John, was born in 1776, lived 
all his life in Bristol or Clifton and died at the latter 
place on May 18, 1862, aged 85. He married Jane 
Whitchurch, his second cousin (who died in 1842) : and 
by her had five children : — i. John, buried Sept. 30, 1818, 
aged 13 : 2. Henry, buried May 26, 1810, aged 3 : 
3. Charles, who died young : 4. Francis Reginald, who 
was buried on April i, 1812 : 5. Nigel, born in 1813, 
died at Halifax in Yorkshire, Sept. 14, 1884, who 
married i. Anne daughter of Robert Pease of New- 
castle, CO. Limerick (by whom he had a son Charles 
born at Cork Feb. 1844, died March 23, 1864), and 
2. on April i, 1865, Jane Frances, second daughter of 
William Jesson of Beverley in Yorkshire (by whom 
he had a daughter Amelia Mary Whitchurch who died 
young) : 6. Amelia Charlotte, born in 1814, who now 
resides, unmarried, at Pinehurst, Clevedon, Somerset, 



A. Worcestershire and Bristol Gresleys 141 

and is perhaps the sole representative of the Gresleys 
of Bristol who still bears their name. 
Mary, daughter of Charles (p. 138), was baptized on 
Oct. 28, 1703, and buried on Dec. 29, 1787. She married, 
on Feb. 12, 172?, Michael White of Bristol, and by him had 
four daughters: — 1. Anne, see below: 2. Sara/i, who died 
unmarried : 3. Mary, who died in 1810, having in 1761 
married as his second wife Henry Hobhouse Esq. (born 
1714, died 1773), whose grandson by his first wife was the 
Rt. Hon. Henry Hobhouse, Home Secretary 1817-27, father 
of Edmund Hobhouse, now retired Bishop of Nelson, and 
of the present Lord Hobhouse : 4. Catlwrine, who died 
unmarried. 

Anne, eldest daughter of Mary, died on June 21, 

1778, having married in 1756 Daniel Smith, a Bristol 

merchant, by whom she had two daughters, the eldest 

of whom, Sophia, was the grandmother of Miss Catherine 

Frances Govett, now residing at Plymouth, who possesses 

some Gresley relics. 

Anne, daughter of Charles, was baptized on April 27, 

1707, and married in 1746 James son of Joseph Whitchurch, 

a Bristol merchant : by whom she had among other children 

three sons, James, born 1746, who died unmarried, JosepJi 

born 1747 who married and had issue, and Samuel (born 

1748, died 1815) who married Mary Evans, and by her had, 

among other children, two daughters, Jane who married 

her second cousin Charles Gresley (see p. 140), and Sarah 

born in 1785, who married John Elton and was the mother 

of the Rev. Edward Elton, late Vicar of Sherrington, near 

Newport Pagnell (died i8g8). 

Henry, son of Charles, lived in Bristol, and married twice, 
his second wife being his distant cousin Elizabeth Gresley 
daughter of Thomas Gresley of Nether Seile by Elizabeth, 
ne'e Lee, see p. 103. Henry seems to have had no children 
by his second wife, but by his first wife, Sarah (daughter 
of Alexander Oborne, of Bristol) who died in May 1746, 
aged 43, he had a family of at least eleven children : — 



142 The Gresleys of Drakeloive 

vn. I. Mary, baptized Feb. 23, 172J, died 1753, having married 
her first cousin, the Rev. Blinman Gresley, see p. 138: 
2. Sarah, baptized Feb. 12, 172I, married the Rev. George 
Attwood of Milverton, in Somerset: 3. Henry, baptized 
April 10, 1726, died unmarried and was buried on Aug. 12, 
1786 : 4. Charles, baptized Nov. 30, 1727, also died unmarried : 
5. Anne, baptized Nov. 14, 1729, was buried on March 25, 
1808: 6. Elizabeth, baptized Jan. 7, 173?, died on Nov. 26 
(not 19), 1825, at her sister Martha's house at Banwell, see 
below: 7. Walter, baptized Dec. 27, 1733, was buried on 
Feb. 6, 173I : 8. Harriet, baptized June i, 1735, married 
on April 7, 1768, at St. Mary RedcUffe Church, Bristol, 
George Watson of that city : 9. Clementina, baptized Jan. 2, 
173J, perhaps buried at St. Thomas's, Bristol, on Jan. 16, 
173J : 10. Martha, born between May 18, 1744, and May 17, 
1745, married in 1772 John Emery of Banwell in Somerset, 
and by him had three sons, Henry Gresley (M.D., M.R.C.S., 
died 1826), Thomas (a captain in the army), and George : 
II. Charlotte: 12. A Clementina (^.), who perhaps married 
William Vincent, see no. 9 above. 

We have now followed this large Gresley branch so far 
as the family name survived through the male line, and it 
appears that the only known representative of it who still 
bears the name is the lady mentioned on p. 140. 



B. The Australian Gresleys. 

We have seen (p. 104) that Thomas Gresley of Nether 
Seile, the eleventh child of Sir Thomas Gresley, second Bart., 
by Frances his wife, Jiee Morewood, had an eighth child 
Robert, a Captain in the 86th Regiment, born in 1717. 
Several pedigrees, but no conclusive evidence, assert that 
he married Jane Hurt of Cork, and this agrees with 
information received in 1896 from M. G. Lavers Esq. of 
6 Stanley Gardens, Kensington Park, London, and may be 
regarded as very probable. 



B. Tlie Australian Gresleys 143 

The Australian branch, on its side, mounts up to one Chap. vii. 
William Gresley, a successful schoolmaster at Marlborough 
in Wiltshire : and one pedigree of some weight in the 
Salt Library at Stafford states as a fact— what is otherwise 
difficult to establish— that William was the son of the 
Robert Gresley who married Jane Hurt. There is certainly 
a firm behef among William's descendants that they are 
a branch of the Gresleys of Drakelowe through the Thomas 
Gresley who married a Morewood. 

The family of Robert is fairly well established by informa- xxii 
tion afforded me by M. G. Lavers Esq., of 6 Stanley Gardens, 
Kensington Park, London, whose papers are corroborated 
by the undoubted fact "^ that one of Robert's daughters ^ Known 
married a Lavers. His family then was: — i. James, who G°^iey° 

"igrees, 



d in fori 



died young: 2. Thomas, who died young: 3. Elinor, who p* 
married William Bunbury, but died without issue : 4. M^illiam, 'ion from 
see below : 5. Elizabeth, who on June 28, 1780, at St. Martin's Gresrey, Esq. 
in the Fields, London, married James Lavers, stationer and 
bookseller, of 10 the Strand, London, and also of Stokenham 
in South Devon : their family was i. Robert Garrett, 
2. Eliza Cheney, 3. James Gresley (these three died young) : 

4. William Bunbury Gresley, who was present as a midship- 
man at the battle of Copenhagen, and died in Canada in 
about 1855: he married Emily, nee Kuhne, and had ten 
children of whom my correspondent, see above, is one : 

5. Henry James, 6. Robert Gresley, who was in the 91st 
Regiment, 7. Ann Coulton, 8. Jane Elinor Gresley, who 
married John Eales and whose children live in New South 
Wales, 9, Eliza Cheney, who died young, 10. Orlando 
Nigel) : 6. Robert, who died young : 7. Jane. 

William. From this William downwards we are on xxiii 
secure ground, but the tradition among his descendants is 
that William's father was either Robert or Peter who 
lived at Melton Mowbray, where it is believed that he 
died in about 1780. Extended research has hitherto failed 
to make William's parentage clear and indubitable. He was 
probably born in about 1760 at or near Melton Mowbra}', 



144 



Tlie Grcsleys of Drakelozve 



' Wilts 
Archeeol. 
Mag. xiv. 
27. 



™ These dates 
of birth are 
from Dr. 
Williams's 
Registers at 
Somerset 
House, 
London. 



m DL-rb. 
Soc. iii. I 



but he first became prominent as the master of a large and 
flourishing school at Marlborough in Wiltshire, in a house 
on the south side of the High Street. The White Horse on 
the side of Granham Hill overlooking Marlborough was 
the work of his boys^ In about 1816 he moved to Datchet 
where he again opened a school ; and died at New Shoreham 
in Sussex on Sept. 23, 1843. He married twice, i. on April 
18, 1786, at St. Peter's Church, Marlborough, Mary daughter 
of the Rev. John Davis, a Nonconformist minister, who was 
associated with him in the management of the school : she 
died on Dec. 23, 1818, at Datchet : 2. on Jan. 4, 1823, Elizabeth 
nee Black, of Islington, who died at Hurstpierpoint in 1849. 
By his second wife he had no children, but by his first 
wife he had no less than twenty-eight, of whom the names 
of nineteen are preserved as follows ; but the majority of 
them died young: — 

\. John, see below: 2. Catherine, born Jan. 2, 1790", who 
married J. L. Penn Esq., an official at Somerset House, and 
died at Brighton in 1844: 3. Mary, born Nov. 9, 1791, who 
married a Mons. Alberet of Geneva and died at Peckham : 
4. Charles Francis, born March 3, 1798, who married 
a Miss Phillips of Greenwich, but had no issue, and was 
buried at Lambeth in 1834 : 5. William, born June 7, 1799, 
who died unmarried : 6. Edward, born July 26, 1800, who 
married a Miss Penn, but had no children : 7. James Thorley, 
born July 23, 1802, who died unmarried (his second name 
was derived from his mother whose mother was Esther ne'e 
Thorle}') : 8. Esther, born Aug. 20, 1803, who died in Dublin 
in 1871 : 9. Sarah Ann Lowe, the twenty-eighth child, born 
Feb. 23, 1808, who married Thomas Sinclair McDougal Esq., 
and died May 24, 1884, leaving issue (it may be noted that 
the Lowes of Alderwasley intermarried with the Hurts'", 
see p. 142). Besides these there were a Clara, who died 
unmarried, a IValsingham, eight Nigels, and nine more 
whose names are not recorded. 

John, the eldest son of William Gresley, born according 
to Dr. Williams's Registers on June 4, 1788, was something 



B. The Ausiniliaii Greslcys 145 

of an astronomer in his early da3's, and became thereby 
acquainted with the Herschells. Dr. Ross, the proprietor 
of a newspaper in Tasmania, who had married a half-sister 
of John's wife, persuaded John to emigrate with his family 
to that island in 1833. A farm was bought on Bruni Island 
near Hobart, and John settled there and at Datchet Lodge, 
Sandy Bay, Hobart, until his death at the latter place on 
Aug. 22, 1868, being then, according to his monument in 
St. George's Church, aged 81, but really in his eighty-first 
year. On July 9, 1812, at Odiham, he married Mary daughter 
of Captain Eccles Smith, of the 77th Regiment: she died 
at Hobart on April 13, 1861, aged 70, having had eight 
children : — i. William, born at Marlborough in 1815, married 
a Miss Hill, but there was no issue of the marriage, and he 
was murdered by natives in Victoria in 1852 : 2. Susan, born 
at Marlborough April 4, 1816, married at Hobart Capt. 
George Jackson, R.N., and died at Valparaiso on April 28, 
1844, leaving issue : 3. Nigel John Davis, see below : 4. 
Edward, born in Nov. 1818, was in the Armj^, and died 
without issue in 1855: 5. Charles Adolphus, born in April 
1822, married Jane daughter of Col. Sharpe, and had four 
sons and four daughters, all now dead : 6. Mary Anne Penn, 
born in April 1829, married H. Denne Esq., and is living 
in Tasmania, having issue : 7. Sarah, born at Uxbridge on 
Feb. 8, 1830, married R. Pybus Esq. of Manila, and has issue : 
8. Henry Lee, born at Datchet in 1832, died at sea in the 
following year. 

Nigel John Davis, second son of John Gresley, was born 
at Datchet on Sept. 2, 1817, and emigrated with his father 
to Hobart. There on April 25, 1850, he married Marianne 
Harriet, elder daughter of Charles Abbott Esq., Sheriff of 
Hobart. Nigel was at first in the Treasury Department 
of the Tasmanian Government, and eventually Manager of 
the Union Bank of Australia, until his death on Aug. 19, 
1879, at Auckland, New Zealand, whither he had gone for 
his health. His widow is at present living in London. 
Their family was:— i. Henrietta Setina, born Jan. 19, 1851, 



146 The Gresleys of Drakeloivc 

married on July 14, 1875, at Hobart, Anthony Harley, son 
of Gen. and Lady Charlotte Bacon, and has issue : 2. Louisa 
Florence, born June 24, 1852, was at one time engaged to her 
distant relation Francis Edward Gresley (see p. 153), but he 
died in 1878 and she, on Aug. 4, 1881, married (at Bombay) 
Arthur WiUiam Forde Esq., M.I.C.E. who died on Oct. 25, 
1886 : on July 4, 1892, she married Capt. Ion Turner, late i6th 
Queen's Lancers, and now lives in England : 3. Nigel, born 
Sept. 24, 1854, was educated at the High School at Hobart, 
and at the time of his father's death had charge of the 
Oatlands branch of the Union Bank of Australia, but soon 
after came to the London office of the same Bank, from 
which he has recently retired: on July 5, 1894, he married 
Isabel Herbert, only daughter of William Henry Mabb 
of Patrington in Yorkshire : 4. Laura, born Nov. 3, 1855, 
married on Aug. 29, 1875, David Lewis Esq. of Cilwen, 
Tasmania (who died in 1890), and has issue: 5. Herbert, 
born Oct. 8, 1857, died on Dec. 18 of the same year: 
6. Madeline, born Jan. 4, 1859, married on Nov. 6, 1878, at 
St. George's, Hanover Square, London, Major Charles 
H. Strutt, and has issue: 7. Augusta Blanche, born Nov. 9, 
1861, married on Feb. 16, 1881, at Broach near Bombay, 
Henry James Benett Hargrave Esq., B.A., and died at 
Dublin on Dec. 18, 1888, leaving issue : 8. Josephine Lem- 
priere, born Dec. 17, 1864, died on June 4 in the following 
year: 9. Alicia Frcderica, born Feb. 15, 1866, married on 
Nov. 4, 1893, Col. George Flemyng Gyll, R.A., and has 
issue: 10. Ethel Beatrice Lcmpriere, born Oct. 19, 187 1, 
married on Sept. 3, 1894, the Rev. Thomas H. Watson, 
D.D., of Norwood Lodge, South Norwood : 11. Jsobcl Clare 
Milliccnt, born Nov. 2, 1872, died on June 23, 1878. 



C. The North Wales and Liverpool Gresleys. 

This branch of the Gresley family is descended from 
Robert (xxiii) eighth son of John Gresley, which John was 
first cousin of Sir Thomas Gresley the fourth Baronet. He 



C. North Wales and Liverpool Grcsleys 147 

has been briefly noticed on p. 108, where his marriage 
with Mary Deane in 1777 is mentioned. Their children 
were:— I. John Walsey, who was buried on Oct. 28, 1779: 
2. Charles Lee, see below : 3. Mary Ann, born on Sept. 16, 
1780, resided with her uncle Dr. William Gresley in Liver- 
pool, and there married, on April 10, i8og, Robert Jones, 
who had been a pupil under William Gresley at the 
Liverpool Old Infirmary: Mr. Jones resided for the latter 
part of his life at Holywell in Flintshire, and had an only 
son William Gresley, born on May 16, 1810, who had a family 
of at least eight children. 

Charles Lee, second son of Robert, lived at Nottingham 
and Leicester, and married in 1803 Cassandra Pearson of 
Basford, Nottingham (born 1787, died 1817). Charles died 
in 1847, having had four children :— i. Mary Ann, born 
Oct. 2, 1804, lived for some time at Barton under Needwood, 
and died of consumption at Matlock on March 16, 1827 : 

2. Ann, baptized Aug. 16, 1806, buried on Nov. 19 of the 
same year: 3. William Toplis, born Dec. 6, 1807, was 
educated at Christ's Hospital, and died on Sept. 30, 1836, 
at Nantwich, having married i. on Aug. 3, 1830, Eliza Ellen 
Smith of Belper, who died soon after her marriage at 
Duffield, without issue ; and 2. Anne Hardley, by whom he 
had two children, Mary Anne, born in about 1832 at Burslem, 
who died at the age of eighteen months, and William 
Nigel, born probably in 1834, who died on Oct. 26, 1837 : 
4. Charles Lee Andrew Robert, born May 6, 1813, lived in 
Liverpool and in about 1832 married Ann Macnamara of 
Burriscucane, county Clare, Ireland, who died Nov. 26, 1857. 
Charles died on June 26, 1848, leaving five children : — 
I. Ellen, born June 12, 1833: 2. Catherine, born June 7, 1834: 

3. Mary Ann, born March 24, 1839, married W. Simpson, 
and died in Feb. 1878 : 4. Ann, born Feb. 26, 1842 : 5. Charles 
William, born May 24, 1844: possibly there was another 
daughter Cassandra. 






[48 The Gresleys of Drakeloive 



D. The family of Richard Greslcy. 

XXiv Richard Gresley (born 1766, died 1850) was the fourth son 

of the Rev. Thomas Gresley, D.D., second cousin of the 
fifth Baronet of the same names, and his hfe and two marriages 
have been given on pp. 113-17. By his second wife Mary 
Drummond, nee PhiUimore, he had no children, but by his 
first wife, Caroline Grote, he had six sons and two daughters, 
of whom two require an extended notice : — 

1. The eldest son was the well-known writer William 
Gresley (born March 16, 1801), prebendary of Lichfield and 
incumbent of Boyne Hill, for whom see next page. 

2. Richard Newcombe, born June 30, 1804, was educated at 
Westminster ™ (admitted May 26, 1815, King's Scholar 1818) 
and Christ Church, Oxford (matriculated May 18, 1822, Student 
of the House 1822-35, 2nd class in Liters Humaniores, B.A. 
1826, M.A. 1828), and studied at the Middle Temple, being 
called to the Bar on July 23, 1829. He practised as an 
Equity Draftsman, and published in 1836 a Treatise on the 
Laio of Evidence (which reached a second edition in 1847), 
but signs of consumption showed themselves, under which 
disease he gradually sank, until the end came on June 10, 
1837, at Meriden Hall, his father's place in Warwickshire. 

3. Thomas Morgan, born Oct. 31, 1805, died at Kenilworth 
on Nov. 4, 1807. 

4. Francis, born May 5, 1807 : see p. 152. 

5. Caroline Mary, born at midnight between Dec. 12 and 
13, 1809, married on Nov. 17, 1840, at St. James's, Piccadilly, 
and at the Chapel of the Sardinian Ambassador, London, the 
Count Riccardo Felice Langosco di Langosco, a Lieut.-Col. 
in the Itahan army, who died on April 11, 1886, at Genoa, 
aged 71. The Langoscos of Langosco are the elder branch 
of an old family, whose pedigree goes back to Tadeo 
Langosco in the thirteenth century. The Countess lives 
at Via Cernaja 11, Milan, and has had three children:— 



,by 



printed at 
P- 157- 



D. The Family of Richard Gresley 149 

I. Count Luigi Riccardo Felice, born Oct. 7, 1841, died Oct. Chap. vii. 
19, 1875, unmarried : 2. Count Giiglielmo Giacinto Giuseppe, of 
Casale, Monferrato, Piedmont, born Oct. 5, 1843, married on 
April 24, 1873, Signora Giuditta, daughter of Antonio Mascaz- 
zini, and has three sons and a daughter : 3. Count Federico 
Francesco Teofdo, born on May 2, 1847, married on Oct. 
17, 1885, the Baroness Esilda daughter of Admiral Baron 
Tholosano, but she died on June 10, 1886: 4. Count Lucca 
Francesco, born Oct. 3, 1849, married on Nov. 30, 1882, the 
Countess Cesarina Delia Croce, of Vigevano in Piedmont, 
and has had four sons. 

6. George, born Jan. 26, 1812 (one of twin sons, of whom 
the other never lived), died on May 18 in the same year. 

7. Andreiv Robert, born Jan. 22, 1814, was educated at 
Westminster (admitted Sept. 18, 1826, King's Scholar 1828) 
and at Trinity College, Cambridge (elected from Westminster 
on May 30, 1832). But when at school he overstrained 
himself with boating and g3annastic exercises, and after 
being an invalid at home during almost all 1832 he died at 
Meriden of consumption on March 10, 1833. 

8. Elizabeth, born July 9, 1815, married on Oct. 7, 1839, at 
the British Embassy at Paris, Lieutenant Alexander Clot- 
worthy Dawson, R.N., who died on Aug. 16, 1841, on board 
H.M.S. Alert, near Havana, where he was buried. The 
issue of the marriage was one child who died in infancy. 
Elizabeth married secondly on May 15, 1856, Captain (after- 
wards Admiral) Thomas George Forbes. 

9. A daughter who died in infancy on Oct. i, 1817. 

The Rev. William Gresley, of Boyne Hill, eldest 
son of Richard Gresley. 
William was born at Kenilworth on March 16, 1801, and XXV 
educated at Mr. Waters's, Edial Hall near Lichfield (entered 
Aug. 1807), Westminster School (admitted Jan. 14, 181 1, 
King's Scholar 1815) and at Christ Church, Oxford (matr. 
May 21, 1819, Student 1819-28, 2nd class in Literse 
Humaniores, B.A. 1823, M.A. 1825). Like many of his 



150 The Gresleys of Drakdoive 

Chap. VII. family he was fond of archery, and was in 1820 one of the 
original Bowmen of the Isis, an Oxford Club. An injury to 
his eye prevented his studying for the Bar, and he took Holy 
Orders in 1825 (priest 1826). He was successively curate 
of Drayton Bassett near Tamworth (till 1829), curate of 
St. Chad's at Stowe and Lecturer of St. Mary's, Lichfield 
(1830-37), Prebendary of Lichfield (1840-76), curate of 
St. Paul's, Brighton, and lastly from 1857 till his death 
Vicar of All Saints, Boyne Hill, near Maidenhead, a newly 
formed parish. On Nov. 20, 1876, he died at Boyne Hill, 
having survived all his nine children. 

He was by far the most prolific writer who has borne the 
name of Gresley, and exercised a very considerable influence 
in maintaining sound and moderate Church principles at 
times when many minds were unsettled by ultra-Tractarianism 
and (later) by Rationalism. His works were : — 

Ecchsiastes AngUcantis, 1835. 

Sermons oil the Duties of a Christian, 1836. 

Tlie Poilrait of an English Churchman, 1838 and often afterwards. 

The Necessity of Zeal, Oxford University Sermons, 1839. 

Some Thoughts on Diocesan Education, 1859. 

In 1839 he in conjunction with Edward Churton started the Englishman's Library, 

which eventually consisted of thirty-one volumes, issued between 1839 ^"d 

1846. William Gresley contributed The Siege of Lichfield (1840'), Charles 

Lever, The Forest of Arden, Clement Walton ^all 1841), Bernard Leslie 1,1842), 

Church Clavering (1843), Collision Hall (1846). 
Remarks on a Restoration of the National Church, 1841. 
Holyday Tales, 1842. 
Parochial Sermons, 1842. 
The Offciiory, a sermon, 1843. 
The Spiiitiial Condition of the Young, 1843. 

The Church the HenUr of the Nation's IVounds, a sermon, 1843. 
A Sermon, in aid of the Add. Curates' Society, 1844. 
Anglo-Catholicism, 1844. 
In 1844 the Juvenile Englishman's Library was started by F. E. Paget and 

J. E. Russell ^twenty-one vols., 1844-49), ^"'^ William Grciley contributed 

Henri dc Clermont (^1844) and Cotton Green (1846). 
St. Stephen; Death for Truth, 1845. 
Frank's First Trip to the Continent, 18^5. 
Suggestions on the New Statute at O.xfoid, about the proposed degradation of 

Mr. Ward, 1845. 
A Short Treatise OH the English Church, 1845. 
God's House a House of Prayer, a sermon, 1845. 
Self- Examination, a sermon, 1845. 
Evangilual Irnlh and Aposiohcal Order, a dialogue, 1846. 



D. The Family of Richard Gresley 151 

The Real Danger of the Church of England, 1846, which reached a sixth edition Chap VII. 

in the following year. 

A Second Statement of the Real Danger (as above), 1846. 

A Third Statement {a.s above), 1847. 

Pi actual Sermons, 1848. 

The Use of Confirmation, 1848. 

A Help to Prayer, 1849. 

A IVord of Remonstrance with the Evangelicals, 1850, which reached a third 

edition in 1851. 
Standfast and hope, a pamphlet on the Gorham Case, 1850. 
Distinctive Tenets of the Church of England, 1851. 
A Second IVord of Remonstrance {see above), 1851. 
A Letter on Tractarianism, 1851. 
The Ordinance of Confession. 1851. 

A Letter on Confession, in reply to the Rev. R.J. M'Ghee, 185a. 
A Seimon on Church Music, 1852. 
Some Account of the Church, a sermon, 1854. 
The Unity of the Church, a sermon, 1854. 
The Piesent State of the Controveisy with Rome, 1855. 
An Answer to the Rev. E. B. Elliott, about Tractarianism, 1856. 
In 1856 he edited Brevint's Christinn Sacrament. 
The Position of the Church, on the Denison Case (1856). 
Sermons preached at Brighton, 1858. 
Boyne Hill Tracts, by W. G., 1858. 
The Church the Pillar of the Truth, 1859. 
Conversion, 1859. 
Bernard Leslie, part 2, 1859. 

Idealism considered, on Essays and Reviavs, i86o. 
Sophron and Neologus ; or, Common Sense and Philosophy, 1861. 
The Prayer-book as it is, 1865. 
Thoughts on the Bible, 1871. 
Priests and Philosopheis, 1873. 
Thoughts on Religion and Philosophy, 1875. 
The Scepticism of the Nineteenth Century, selections, edited with a Memoir of the 

Author by S. C. Austen, 1879. 

On Oct. 28, 1828, he married Anne Wright, daughter and 
heiress of John Barker Scott Esq., of Lichfield, banker, 
and had nine children, as follows (his wife died on May 28, 
1864, aged 59) : — i. Caroline Anne, born Feb. 7, 1830, died 
Aug. 21, 1844: 2. IVilliain, born June 13, 1831, died July 13, 
1844: 3. John Scott, born Sept. i, 1832, died Dec. 17, 1844 

4. Mary Elizabeth, born Aug. 2, 1834, died Oct. 27, 1868 

5. Adelaide Frances, born in 1836, died May 19, 1844 

6. Richard Scott, born Sept. 13, 1837, died Jan. 30, 1853 

7. Louisa, died on March 8, 1840, aged one year: 8. Henry 
Scott, born Nov. 20, 1840, matriculated at Oxford from Christ 
Church on Oct. 21, 1858 (B.A. 1861), became a Barrister-at- 



Tlie Gresleys of Drakelowe 



Chap. VII. Jaw of the Inner Temple, London, in 1866: on Nov. 26, 
1867, he married Jane Charlotte Drummond (see p. 123), but 
died on Jan. 28 of the following year : 9. Nigel Scott, born 
Nov. 9, 1842, matriculated like his brother from Christ 
Church on Oct. 16, 1861, but died on Dec. 6, 1863. 

A memorial window, erected in Lichfield Cathedral in 
memory of the Rev. William Gresley, and called the Gresley 
Memorial Window, was dedicated on July 31, 1895, and 
the list of subscribers includes twenty who bear the name 
of Gresley. 

XXV Major Francis Gresley, fourth son of Richard Gresley. 

Francis Gresley was born on May 5, 1807, at Kenihvorth, 
and educated at Westminster (Jan. 14, 1818 — Whitsuntide 
1822). In 1823 he entered the East India Company's 
service, and sailed for India on June 16 on board the 
Thomas Grcnville. In 1844 he returned to England, and 
lived successively at Gifford's Hall in Suffolk, where his 
wife's father-in-law had lived and most of his children were 
born, at Winterdyne in Worcestershire, and at Meriden 
Hall near Leamington, once his father's place, where he 
died on Dec. 10, 1880. On Sept. 19, 1848, at Ilfracombe, 
he married Mary, daughter of the Rev. Thomas Thorp, 
of Burton Over}', and niece of the lady of the same names 
who in i8ii married Francis's uncle the Rev. William 
Gresley, see p. 122. Miss Thorp had previously on Aug. 31, 
1840, married Francis Russell Kendal Esq. of Walthamstow 
(who died at Venice in 1847) and had had three children 
b}- him :— I. Clarence Peter Trevel3'an, an officer in the Life 
Guards, who married Catherine daughter of Lord Brabazon, 

2. Gwenllian Elizabeth Fanny Isabel, who married, in West- 
minster Abbey, Arthur son of the Rev. Lord John Thj'nne, 

3. Ethel Mary Jemima, who married Col. Villiers Forbes, 
R.A. Mary was only twenty-nine at the time of her second 
marriage, and died on Aug. 10, 1894, at Flax Bourton, leaving 
eight children of her second family: — i. Richard Nigel, born 
March 15, 1850, a Captain in the Royal Navy, and latterly 



E. Unidentified Gresleys 153 

Commander of the Royal Yacht Victoria and Albert, who Chap. vii. 

on May 5, 1892, married Ruth SHngsby daughter of 

G. P. T. Duncombe Esq., and has issue Dorothy born 1893 

and Roger born 1895: 2. Francis Edivard, born July 31, 

1851, who was at one time engaged to a distant relation also 

bearing the name of Gresley, see p. 146, but died of typhoid 

fever, unmarried, at Urana, New South Wales, on May 22, 

1878 : 3. Caroline Frances (' Queenie '), born Nov. 26, 1852, 

married on March 27, 1875, James Edwards"* Esq., of Wood- "■* See p. 263. 

horn Grange near Morpeth, now of Flax Bourton : 4, 5. 

Rose Elizabeth and Mary Lilian, twins, born May 12, 1854 : 

Rose married on April 11, 1885, George McGowan Esq., 

of Preston, and has issue : the latter died unmarried at 

Weymouth on Sept. 6, 1885: 6. Mary Louisa, born Dec. 17, 

1855, married on Oct. 17, 1882, Capt. Edward Ambrose 

Holbech, a retired officer of the Royal Navy: 7. Susan 

Isabel Garstin ('Daisy'), born July 29, 1859, married on 

Jan. 3, 1889, Capt. Edwin John Payne Gallwey, late of the 

Royal Navy: 8. William Nigel, born March 3, 1861. 

E. Unidentified Gresleys, 

who cannot at present be connected with the pedigree of 
the Gresle^'S of Drakelowe, in rough chronological order. 

Many of the following were no doubt simply persons who, 
having lived at one time at Church or Castle Gresley, 
acquired when they left their native place the local surname 
of Gresley, before surnames had become fixed family 
names. 



Salt Soc. 
Salt Soc. i 



1 199. Stephen de Gresley. Stephanus de Gresley in Sept. 1199 killed" 

Osbert de Hegwin and fled from justice. 
1201. Ingerannus de Gresley occurs" as a 'sponsalis' of Eustachia de 

Camvile. who was engaged in a lawsuit with Nicholas de Verdun Dugdale's 

about land. ^'rr™i''''--1 

1203. Hervey (' Herveus ') de Gresley occurs in a Staffordshire Assize „_ j^^. ^^ 

Roll I' of Sept. 1203. Hervey was a Stafford family name. p ^^^^ q^^^_ 

1210. Roger de Gresley. According to the Red Book of the Ex- iii. i. 86. 

chequeri a ' Rogerus Gresle' in 1210-12 held twelve knights' fees in a Rolls Slt. 

Lancashire. <^J- "• 3&8. 



154 TJie Greslcys of Drakelozve 

Chap. VII. 1215. Robert de Greslej'. On Dec. 11, 1215, the King gave' to Ralph 

, ,, ~j7^]o ^^ Gernon land in Pirinton co. Oxon. 'que fuit Roberti de Gresley.' 

Dodsw. ' Tliis may be the Robertus de Greslei ' who was among the barons 

'03. P- 39- who assembled at Stamford at Easter 1215 and eventually obtained 

°RoMs SerT Magna Charta from King John. If so, the name should rather 

Chron. Maj. be Grelly, see App. D. 

11. 585 : name 1240. William de Gresley (' Gresleghe ') occurs in a deed of Dec. 25, 

gk'-en'as'^^ 1240', about Whitchurch in Dorset. 

Rngerin 13th cent. Walter de Greslej', and John his son. Walter de Gresele 

s['ff^h^"^ of Dorandesthorp (Donisthorpe) was witness to a deed" of Ralph 

2,3. ' ' Wychard : and his son John ' filius Walteri de Gresley de Durandes- 

' Salisb. thorp ' held land ^ in Donisthorpe. 

iKolls^Scr 1271-2. Elias de Gresley (perhaps only = 'from Greslej''). He killed" 

97 p. 264. one Roger at the bridge outside the vill of Roucester with a stone, 

" Gresl. in 56 Hen. 3 : he fled from justice and was outlawed. One of the 

, slu^Soc^' same names granted land » in Osgathorpe to Sir William de Waste- 

xvi. 302 " neys, in 4 Edw. 2 (1310-1). 

f*^"^."?"^*^ 1279. Simon de Gresley was on Sept. 23, 1279 y, appointed Vicar of God- 

« Salt Soc. mersham by the Archbishop of Canterbury, 

iv. I. 210. late 13th cent. Enge de Gresley was a witness to a deed ' of John Oky 

;,,^7!"--y of Linton. 
Chartiil. p. 

38 = Parker's 1300. Robert de Gresley was ordained acolyte* at Burton on Trent on 

Colton 2nd Dec. 17, 1300. 

> Reg. Epistt. 1302. William de Greslej'. There must have been at least two William 

.Toh. Peckham de Greslevs to whom the following notices refer: — ordained sub- 

y oils ber.^ deacon at Derby, presented by the Prior of Gresley on Sept. 22, 

^ Gresley " 1302'': ordained sub-deacon at Colwich upon his patrimonial title 

Charter 158. on Dec. 18, 1305 ; ordained deacon at Lichfield, presented by the 

M^.ichf. Episc. same Prior, Sept. 21, 1303 '', and priest at Lilleshull. March 28, 1304 >> : 

1' Ibid. a monk of Roucester, ordained priest at Gnosall Dec. 20, 1320'': 

BodI MS. instituted to the chapel of Hordley on Nov. 7, 1322'', and to the 

Rectory of Mongewell in June 1336'^ : rector of Hildresham at least 

•''Ely Episc. 1338-43'!. 

M^^' iv" ^"'' '3°3- R^lph de Gresley was ordained sub-deacon ^ at Lichfield upon his 

Add] 5824, patrimonial title, on Sept. 21, 1303. 

foil. 5, 23. 1305. John de Gresley was on Dec. 18, 1305, ordained sub-deacon at 

^^Liclii. Episc. Colwich f, on the presentation of the Prior of Gresley. Another of 

f Ibid. the same names was ordained deacon s at Derby on April 3, 1305, 

t Ibid. and priest •> at the same place on the following Dec. 23, on both 

*" Ibid. occasions presented by the Prior and Convent of Gresley. 

' Gresl. 1307-8. William de Aula de Gresley was a witness' in 1307-8, but 

lar u . p. ^.gg probably William de Awl or Aula, living at Gresley : see 

Jeayes's index to his Descriptive Catalogue of Gresley Charters, 

s. V. Aula. 

I pise RcE i ^3^7- Thomas de Gresley, a monk of Merevale Abbey, was on April 2, 

i_'9'. 1317, ordained priest at Lichfield ''. 



Blake 



E. Unidentified Gresleys 155 

1318. Richard de Gresley. Occurs in a Leicestershire taxation of a Chap. VII. 
twentieth 1327-8, as holding land in Normanton super !e Hethe : and, 

as ' Graselej-e,' in a Staflbrdshire subsidy roll of the same date as l,^?'^'" ^^" 

holding land in ' Schareschulfe.' He may be the ' Richardus del p_ ,30.'^ ' 

Greisley' who was witness' to a deed of Richard de la Lee in „ Liclif. 

1318-g. Of this latter a brother William also occurs in the deed, Episc. Reg. i. 

who may be the William de Gresley who held land in Herdeby ^iV- 

in 1323-4, according to a Leicestershire taxation of a fifteenth. ° ""'^- Mo. 

1320. Hugh de Gresley was in 1320 ordained sub-deacon™ at Lichfield ° "'"'• '-f'- 
on March 29, deacon" at Darley on Sept. 20 and priest" at Gnosall "" Salt Soc. 
on Dec. 20, being in each case presented by the Prior and Canons 

c r- 1 ■■ Salt Soc. 

of Gresley. j,. , gj 

1321. Vincent de Gresley and Geoffrey his brother were accused of ^ q^csI 
trespass? in 1321, and Vincent also of damage at Alrewas in 1323 'i. Chartul. p. 
The latter was also a witness ■■ to a deed of John Brom in 23 Edw. 3 4i- 
(1349-50). Perhaps he was a son of Sir Peter : see p. 46. * N. and Q. 

1339-40. Robert de Gresley and Katrine his wife were witnesses to ^'^|^ Soc' -xi^ ' 

a deed' about land in Clifton Camvilc, dated 13 Edw. 3. 185. 

1354. Henry de Gresley, merchant, was in this year sued' by Henry t sait Soc. 

Puys of Rugeley for a debt. -"'i'- 129. 

1374. William de Gresley. In 1374" he succeeds Robert Crull as Dean ■> Dugd. Mon. 

or Master in the College of secular Canons in Hastings Castle; Angl. vi. 

and one of the same names on July 13, 1375 ", exchanged the Rectory ^ ' 

of Bishop's Hampton in Worcestershire for that of St. Bennet, Repert.i.302: 

Paul's Wharf London, but was no longer there in 1379. Dugd. Warw. 

1379 80. Thomas Gresley and Katrina his wife occur in a poll-tax" 2nd ed u. 

record of this date in Offlow Hundred, Staffordshire. nessy's 

early 15th cent. John Gresley ('Gresele'), rector of Grindon or Grinton Repert. 

in Yorkshire, was sued" at about this time for a rent charge due ' ^ \.. . 

pp. cxlii, ^40. 

to the Abbot of St. Alban's. The Abbot of Ramsey had pre- J ^^^^ g^^ 

sented him to the living. xvii. 170. 

1429. Thomas de Gresley 'clericus in minoribus ordinibus constitutus' i Walsing- 

in this year resigned y the church of Rolleston in Staffordshire, to liam. Gesta 

which he had been presented by Prince John. Alb!',,?' Rolls 

15th cent. ? Oliver Gresley. In a Rutland 'Visitation, 1618-9, an Oliver Ser. 28; iii. 

Gresley marries Jane daughter of Thomas Busby and his wife 518-22. 

daughter of Sir Richard Egerton. " Lichf. 

1466. William Gresley, B.C.L., was in 1466 made Rector^ of Colton in Ep.sc. Reg. 

Staffordshire. criton""^^ 

1481. William and Richard Gresley. The former was 'rector ecclesie igg. 

de Stoke ' when on June 5, 1481, he and Richard leased ^ the manor » Gresl. 

of Colton in Staffordshire to Sir John Gresley and Anne his wife. Charter 449. 

from whom they had received the manor by feoffment. This must b jbid. 455. 

refer to some technical transfer and re-transfer. Richard also c a. P. 

occurs as a witness on Feb. 15. 149^, to a deed ^ of Lewis Bagot. 



1500. Christian daughter of John Gresley is stated to have married ' 



FHmil 



George son of Mark Robinson (occurs 1464) and his wife Anne nife p. ^q^_ 



War 

if. 1619 : 



156 The Gresleys of Drakclozve 

Pembridge. Thomas Robinson a son of this Gresley marriage 

married an AIsop, and occurs in 1514. 
early i6th cent. A Gresley is stated to have married Alice '^* daughter of 
S.ilt Soc. vli. John Beaufo of Edmondscote (who died in 1516) and of Elizabeth 

2. 106: see his wife (nee Toke or Take). 

P" ^''" 1532. Ellen Gresley. Her Will was proved <' at Lichfield in this year, 

in^li'd'ex Libr^ 1536. A Mr. Gresley's Will was proved at Lichfield = in this year, 
vii. 35. 1538. Agnes Gresley seems to have been a nun, for in 1538-40 she was 

"» ibid. vii. 43. in receipt of a pension (?}, according to the Augmentation Office 

' App. to the Records <. 

49th Kept, of 1548. Edward Gresley in 1548-9 received a pension (?), according to the 
tlie Dep Augmentation Office Records f, and so was presumably a monk. 

Records, p. ^551- Thomas Gresley ('Gresseley') of Stapleford in Nottinghamshire. 
269. His Will ^ made on Oct. 25, 1551, and proved on Oct. 12, 1558, is in 

e Ibid. p. 266. the York Registry (vol. xv, pt. 3, fol. 228). 

>> Yorksh. 1567-89. St. Mary's Registers at Lichfield mention several Gresleys. 

Archaeol.Soc , Edward G. (d. 1589) married Joanne (d. 1587J, and their children 

xiv'Tsgar' ^'^^^ Frances (d. 1574), Margaret (bapt. 1567), John (d. 1570), 

p. 67. ' William (bapt. 1572, d. 15817), and Joan (bapt. and d. 1576). Also 

' App. to the a Thomas G. had a son Robert who died in 1585 : and a Margaret 

49th Kept, of Greslej' married the Rev. George Bromley on May 27, 1574. 

K-e eTof the ■"■59+' Rof^firt and John Gresley seem to have received pensions (?) in 
Records, pp. 1594-6. according to the Augmentation Office Records'. 

268-9. 1600. John Gresley married Frances Wakefield on May 27, 1600 J, and 

i Gresl. Reg. on Nov. 18, 1623 J, was buried at Gresley. 

^ Signet 1623. A Mr. Gresley received a pension ^ in July of this year. 

Libr 'iv '"3 "^^ 16^6. A Mr. Gresley was in this year deputed by the Royalist Com- 
' ' position Commissioners' to receive £^ a week from Sir Lewis 

Papers, ist ' Dj've's Bedfordshire Estate in trust to hand it over to Sir Lewis, 

ber. X. 596. 1655. John Gresley of the parish of St. Dionis Backchurch, London, 

made a will on Nov. 2, 1655 (proved on Nov. 13, 1656), which appoints 

his mother ' mistris Sarah Gresley' as sole executrix. John's 

desire was to be buried in St. Mary Magdalen Church, Bermondsey. 
1667. Mary Gresley on June 27, 1667, married"" Hugh Sharrat at St. 

Michael's Church, Lichfield. 
1673 The Will of Mary Gresley of St. Paul's, Shadwell, dated Nov. 21, 

1673, and proved on Jan. 5, 167* and Sept. 23, 1679, mentions a 

daugliter Sarah, widow of Roger Appsand perhaps wife of Joseph 

Hammond. 
= Walton 1704. William son of Robert Gresley, of Watton on the Wolds, was 

Cliurch Reg. baptized " Dec. 3, 1704. 

» Somersetsh. 1716. Christopher Gresley occurs as the son-in-law of Margaret Leigh 
sf^r'^n^'^ ^'"''' ''°"''""'^) of Barton in St. Decuraan's, m her Will" dated Oct. 24, 

1716, proved April 2, 1718. 
716. Thomas Gresley. 'My cousin Thomas Gresley' occurs in the 

Will I' of Gustavus Venner of Fitzhead in Somerset, dated Dec. 24, 

1716, proved April 2, 1718. 



■" St. Mich 
Reg. 



iier., p. 53. 



The Coronation of George IV 157 

1726-40. The Registers of Abbot's Bromley, in Staffordshire, give details Chap. VII 
of a family there. John Gresley (who died in 1742) married on 
Feb. 23, I72f, Martha Bunn (?), and their family was :— William 
(bapt. 172S), John (bapt. 1729), Thomas (bapt. 1735), Benjamin 
(bapt. I73f, died 17^!;'' Martha (bapt. 1740). 

l8th cent. ? Gresleys of Congerston in Leicestershire. A paper among 
the Rev. J. M. Gresley's collections with no dates and no mention of 
the authorit}'. gives John as having two sons John (who had a son 
John) and Philip, and a daughter who married — IVIellis. 

1792. W. B. Gresley signed a petition « in 1792 against the African Slave- q Hist. MS! 
trade. Comm. v. 

1798. Gresleys of Basford, near Nottingham. Gervas G. married Sarah PP- ^97- 
Lighten ■' on Oct. 29, 1798. r Basf. Ch. 

1854. Philip Gresley was a witness' in a case of assault in London in Reg. 

June 1854. = Morning 

1867. Isaac M. Gresley was injured in a railway accident at Methley Post, June; 

near Leeds in April 1867, and died on April 4 in the following year ^' 

aged 62'. ' Times, Aj 

1896. Messrs. Gresley and Utermarck occur in Gore's Liverpool Directory ^' ''^^^• 

as merchants at 13 Drury Lane. 

NOTE A. 

Account of the Coronation of George IV 

(in three letters from Richard Newcombe Gresley : see p. 148). 

(I) 
My dear William, J"'y ^^^^' ^^^i. 

You will expect to hear something of the Coronation, as we shall 
bear rather a conspicuous part in it ; most of it you will read in the 
papers, but if anything of consequence takes place which you will 
perhaps not see there, I will write you word at the end of this letter 
on Friday. Goodenough has exerted himself very much in our favour, 
and has got places for the whole of the Town Boys in the Nunneries ; 
he tried, but we are afraid without success, to get us the K. S. places 
in the Hall. Goodenough made an excellent speech in school this 
morning, informing us in a fluent manner, and at some length, that 
as it had been his Majesty's most gracious favor to give us places in 
the approaching Ceremony, we are to meet in school tomorrow morning 
at 5 o'clock, in dress as if we were going to a dinner party; he gave 
long directions and paid us compliments about conduct ; he said that 
with regard to conduct, to People who in the mass so universally conduct 
themselves well he should say nothing &c. The Town Boys will march 
in four divisions headed by the Ushers, and we shall stand with 
Goodenough in the two front rows of the Organ loft looking toward 
the Chancel, so that we shall have one of the best places in the Church. 
We rehearsed our part in Lockhours justnow ; Goodenough told us 



158 The Grcsleys of Drakclovoe 

that it has been an ancient custom for the King's Scholars of Westminster 
to shout as the King passes us, but that this time, as the anthem will 
probably not be over when he comes in, immediately that it is we 
are to cry out as loud as we can— Vivat Georgius Rex-- raising our 
voice at the end in a curious way ; we rehearsed, as I said, a short 
time ago ; he set us off, and we hallowed away most harmoniously. 

July 2oth. 

I will now conclude my letter which I broke off rather abruptly 
on Wednesday— We were all very much hurried then with providing 
food for the Evening and the next day, for the Gates of Deans yard 
were closed at five o'clock for the night. We all went to bed early 
and were up at four the next morning. We breakfasted immediately, 
and met Goodenough in School at a little before six. He distributed 
tickets (which by the bye are specimens of Sir W. Congreave's new 
printing;) we were then joined by Mrs. Goodenough, and proceeded 
to the Abbey where we waited till i before 12, when the procession 
appeared at the door. We had most of us taken the precaution to bring 
some provisions ; some brought cake and wine, however I brouglit 
sandwiches and a bottle of cold tea, and a little brandy in case I should 
faint: but unfortunately the corks came out of both the bottles, and 
the greatest comfort I experienced was from a volume of the Percy 
Anecdotes which I luckily had put into my pocket. We sat in the 
Organ loft, almost the best place in the Abbey, for we saw the procession 
come in and we saw the whole of the Ceremony. The worst was that 
the King's back was turned towards us in all the chairs he sat. As we 
had a ceremony to perform we took the front rows in the Organ loft, 
but when the Herb-woman and her maids came there, the Herb-woman 
herself, a bold masculine looking woman, said that she could not think 
of going behind, and that if we were Gentlemen we should give up our 
places : however those who were next to her thought that if she had 
been a lady she would not have asked, and considered it sufficient to 
allow her to go behind ; they were explaining very civilly to her, but 
she began to push and being a strong woman, forced herself into a front 
seat and sat there fanning herself. When the anthem was over 
Goodenough cleared his voice with a hem, and sung out melodiously; 
we then shouted—Vivat Georgius Rex— six times, and we were cheered 
very much— We shouted away and clapped gloriously at the Recognition 
and at other times during the ceremony— The grandest part of the whole 
was when the crown was placed on the King's head ; immediately the 
trumpets and drums sounded, an immense shout was raised, and the 
Peers put on their coronets— I will write again tomorrow. 

Yours very truly, R. N. G. 

W. Gresley Esq., 

Stowe Ilouse, Lichfield. 



Tlic Coronation of George IV 159 



(2) 

,, , „ , S'. Peters, July 2ist, 1821. 

My dear Brother, ■' ^ 

The shouting at the moment that the Crown was placed on the 

King's Head was so great that it was attended by one unpleasant and 

melancholy circumstance ; a gentleman was taken ill shortly before, 

and the sudden voice brought on Fits of which yesterday it is said he 

died — After the Crown was put on, Lord William Bentick (I believe) the 

Almoner, threw about a quantity of silver medals. It was curious to see 

the Peers in their coronets, and the Knights Commanders in their 

plumes, the Heralds, Marshalmen, &c. S;c. all eagerly scrambling for 

a medal, and crowding round the person who was throwing them 

begging him to give them one. Lord Amherst in a squeeze put his 

foot upon one, and sat quietlj' till the rush was over, and then snapped 

it up when nobod}' was looking. The King was quite overcome by the 

Recognition, to find himself so well received ; but afterwards at the Hall 

he was so tired that he was obliged to stand on one leg, and was sinking 

down, but they gave him something that looked like barley water, which 

quite recovered him. The King did us great honor when he came out ; 

there was an immense shouting, and he had walked along without 

bowing, but when he came by us he tapped the Duke of Devonshire 

with his sceptre and pointed to us ; he then gave us a gracious nod 

and smile, and touched his Crown with his sceptre. The royal Dukes 

were much applauded ; the Duke of York appeared very much affected 

when he kissed his brother : by the bye all the Peers one after another 

kissed the King's left cheek, and it is said he used nineteen pocket 

handkerchiefs in mopping his face. — When he came in he looked too 

large for effect, indeed he was more like an elephant than a Man, 

and there were ten or twelve persons continually with him to bear up 

his train. It was said, but I believe it was not true, that a pistol was 

wrested out of a Man's hand as he was taking aim at his Majesty. If it 

had been a fact we should have heard more of it. The Princess 

Esterhazy lost a branch of Diamonds, and the elder Prince Esterhazy 

wore a dress which was valued at ;^'ioo,ooo. The Queen, I suppose you 

have heard, tried to obtain entrance at the doors, but the door-keepers 

were ordered not to admit any improper persons, therefore of course 

she was refused. She came through Ducklane and other blackguard 

places to beat up recruits, and as she went back the few persons that 

accompanied her broke as many windows as they could, and plastered 

servants and carriages with mud if they did not salute the Queen. 

I was really glad to hear that she had feeling enough to burst into tears 

when she was hissed and execrated by the Mob, who had collected 

round the Platform over which the procession was to pass. Lord Hood 

made himself quite as great a fool as usual ; and when Alderman Wood 

appeared, he was greeted with cries of ' turn out that Wood, drive him 

away, off with him, off, off.'— At the Banquet the Champion was not 

aujait in his horsemanship, and as the Marquis of Anglesea was leaning 



i6o The Gresleys of Drakelowe 

down, his cork leg failed him, and he was very nearly off his horse. 
However it went off very well on the whole.— At the conclusion of the 
Banquet there was a scramble for the Ornaments, and it was said some 
spoons and plate were purloined. Morgan, who was there, stumbled 
upon Dr. Goodenough : he was shifting a quantity of pyecrust and a pine 
apple into his mouth, and he said to him, ' For heaven's sake, Morgan, 
get me something to drink, — a little hock if possible.' Morgan brought 
him a bowl of punch, and he appeared to receive much gratification 
from washing down his mouthful. We went in the evening to see 
the illuminations. I. Phillamore went in a curious figure, in a pair 
of Corderoy Breeches, Wellington Boots, and an old blue coat of mine; 
Partington and I went together; we heard a Man say that there was 
free egress into the Park, so we went there ; There were excellent 
fireworks and curious things on the Serpentine, such as Elephants, 
Dragons, and Alligators ; we got in without any difficulty early in the 
Evening, but we were about twenty minutes getting out again through 
one of the gates : however we managed to get before three Butchers 
and an Irishman, and they pushed us on very pleasantly without any 
exertion of our own. 

We were in the Abbey from six o'clock till four : we then got our 
dinners, and most of us lay down and slept for some hours : at nine 
we went out to see the fireworks, and got to bed by about one ; but 
the next day, being a holiday, we had a long sleep, and got up in the 
Morning scarcely feeling the least fatiguing effects from our exertions. 

Yours affectly, R. N. G. 

W. Greslcy Esqre, 

Stowe, Lichfield, Staffordshire. 



(3) 

,, J „,.„. St. Peters Coll. July 26th. 

My dear William, 

... I heard that at the Coronation, when the Archbishop 

preached about the burthens of Royalty, the King was observed to 

wink at the Duke of York and point to his immense train which 10 or 

12 persons were bearing. . . . 

Believe me, Yours truly, R. N. Gresley. 

W. Gresley Esqre, 

Stowe House, Lichfield. 



CHAPTER VIII 

DRAKELOWE 

(Written by Sir Robert Gresley, Bart.) 

Drakelowe, to which so many references have been made 
in the previous pages of this book, is situated on a bend 
of the river Trent, on the borders of Derbyshire and 
Staffordshire, the river forming a natural boundary between 
the two counties. In only one sense can it be called 
historical. It has been the home of twenty-eight generations 
of one family, from the reign of Henry II to the present 
day, being mentioned in the Pipe Rolls of 1170-71, 1171-72, 
1188-89, ^nd 1201-2, as being held by Nigel de Gresley*; " See how- 
and the manor has been held ever since by his descendants, 
though their other properties, many of which marched with 
it, have nearly all passed into other hands. In the reign 
of King John, William de Gresley holds the manor of the 
king, by the annual payment of a bow, quiver, and twelve 
arrows, but how long this ancient tenure was kept up is 
not known. In the year 1323 a robbery occurs, Johanna 
Gresley's ' strong box ' being broken into, though what was 
taken is not stated. Except the statement, now in the British 
Museum, that in the year 1548 Drakelowe is a manor 
(6 messuages, 1000 acres of pasture, 100 acres of land, 
50 acres of meadow, 50 acres of wood, and a watermill), 
held as in 1522, and others of a similar nature which occur 
from time to time, there are scarcely any facts from an 
historical point of view worth chronicling, and one may 



ever p. 33. 



i62 The Gresleys of Drakelowe 

Chap. VIII. be permitted to regret that the ancient privilege of gallows, 
and all that it imphed, which was granted to Sir Geoffrey 
Gresley in 1330, has passed into desuetude, and is now, like 
many other good old customs, ' more honoured in the breach 
than in the observance.' If this had not been the case 
there would in all probability have been a few incidents 
worth relating! 

Leland in 1540 records that ' Sir George Gresley dwelleth 
at the Manor Place of Colton, and hath a great park there 
upon Trent a mile lower than Haywood, he hath upon Trent 
a mile lower than Burton town a very large manor place and 
park at Draekelo.' This park (including the pleasure grounds 
and that part now called 'The Warren,' and in old times 
'The Hare Park') is nearly 580 acres in extent, of which 
the Deer Park contains 207 acres ; it is fairly well wooded, 
and in spite of the gales which in recent years have done 
much damage, there are still a good many fine old trees 
dotted about it, especially beeches and oaks, while some 
of the limes near the house are really very fine trees. But 
it is the pleasure grounds and gardens which are the chief 
beauty of the place, many of the hollies and yews lining 
the walks being well over 30 feet in height. Most of the 
latter are 'faced' in the old-fashioned way. When these 
were laid out is not known, but the rose garden and round 
garden have an eighteenth-century air about them, and 
probably date from that period, if not before. 

With regard to the present house, it is not known when 
it was built, nor is it easy, even to the architect's eye, to 
determine the point, the fact being that it has been much 
altered and added to at different times. It is probable, 
however, that the greater part as it stands is of no very 
great antiquity, much of it being built in 1723, a date which 
appears on the head of an old leaden water-pipe ; but it is 
on exactly the same site as the ancient building, portions 
of which are incorporated in the present structure, and 
when some restorations were being done in Sir Roger's 
time, some work was come upon said to be Norman. It was 



Drakelowe 163 



he who built the present billiard-room, and the bed-room 
and dressing-room over it, and he also partially refaced the 
west front of the house, and in fact altered it considerably. 
Probably the most interesting room in the house is that 
known as the large dining-room; it is, roughly, 42 feet 
in length, by 25 in width, and 20 feet high. The walls 
and ceiling are entirely painted over, and represent the 
scenery near the Peak in Derbyshire. A wooden palisade, 
painted green and fixed against the wall, does duty for the 
modern dado, and makes the entire circuit of the room, 
with gates for the doors, and the mantelpiece is composed 
of Derbyshire spar, with a masque in the centre. The 
design, which is a bold, not to say an ambitious one, 
including as it does trees almost life-size, a river meandering 
between rocks and under wooded banks, is carried out 
in a masterly manner, and while the proportions of the 
room are not interfered with, an impression of size is 
produced in harmony with such a scene. It was executed 
in about 1790, it is believed, by Paul Sandby, a well-known 
artist; and a kind of distemper, not oils, is the medium 
employed. The other rooms are not particularly remarkable 
in any way ; most of them are panelled, and they contain 
a good deal of antique furniture, china, and tapestry, also 
a small collection of bronzes and ivories. Some of the 
old beds are very handsome, and the carving elaborate, 
yet with a certain rudeness about it. Five of them are oak 
and two of ebony ; of these one of the former undoubtedly 
dates from the time of Queen Elizabeth, the other four are 
only a few years later, one bearing the date 1620 let into 
the head. The two ebony beds are quite different in 
character, being Portuguese or Spanish work of the 
seventeenth century. Apparently there is no record as 
to where they came from, or when they were first put in 
the house ; possibly they may have been procured by 
Walsingham Gresley when he went to Spain in Charles the 
First's reign. Amongst the objects of interest in the house 
is a beautiful contemporary model of a 74-gun ship of 

M I 



164 The Greslcys of Drakclozve 

the earlier part of the eighteenth century ; it has no name, 
but it has always been said to be a model of one of the 
ships in which Sir Nigel Gresley served before he succeeded 
his brother and retired. There are also some few pieces 
of armour and some sixteenth and seventeenth century 
swords. But probably the most interesting relic of the past 
in the possession of the family is the jewel, said to have 
been given by Queen Elizabeth to Catherine Sutton 
(daughter of Lord Dudley, K.G., and wife of Sir George 
Gresley, K.B.). It is a beautiful specimen of sixteenth-century 
work, and forms a pendant which when open shows two 
miniatures, of which one is a portrait of herself, and one 
of her husband. There is no picture of this Lady Gresley 
at Drakelowe, but there is one of her grand-daughter-in-law, 
Katherine Walsingham, the wife of Sir Thomas Gresley, 
who is portrayed wearing this identical jewel, which has 
remained an heirloom ever since, and happily escaped being 
stolen with the rest of Lady Sophia Gresley's jewels in the 
great robbery which occurred in 1829. Besides pictures of 
members of the family, many of which have been reproduced 
in collotype in the special edition of this book, there are 
pictures of various historical personages, such as James the 
First, Prince Maurice, Lady Rich, and others, amongst which 
the one of Flora Macdonald is especially interesting, as she 
gave it herself to Sir Nigel Gresley '. The one of Sir John 
Norris is also worthy of remark, chiefly from its quaint 
inscription in Latin, stating as it does that in every way 
he was the equal of Cyrus, Scipio, Hector, Hannibal, and 
Achilles— a very modest statement indeed, but one which 
history hardly corroborates ! And now little more remains 
to be said. Drakelowe does not pretend in any way to 
be a show place, but few who know it will deny a certain 
stateliness and air of ancient comfort which seems par- 
ticularly its own, and when on a hot summer's day one 

' The inscription on the back says : ' This portrait of Flora Macdonald was given 
by herself to Sir Nigel Gresley, captain in the koyal Navy, who captured her in 
her flight from Scotland to France, from whom she experienced every civility, and 
as a mark of her gratitude presented him with tliis picture, 1747.* 



Drakelozve 165 



strolls about its ancient grounds, imagination peoples them Chap. viil. 

with its old owners, long since dead and buried, whose lives 

have been briefly described in this book. Knights of the 

Middle Ages, cavaliers, roundheads, gentlemen and ladies 

of Queen Anne's time in wigs and patches, fox-hunting, 

port-loving squires, like those depicted by Addison, and 

dandies of the beginning of the century pass before us, 

and one feels that they too have all in their turn owned 

it as their home, and have spent here a portion at least 

of their brief span of life, many of which lives were begun 

and ended in the old house hard by; and it is these old 

associations which, linked to personal memories and future 

hopes, form that charm which makes these old country houses 

so dear to Englishmen, and which coupled with their love 

of sport and a country life, has helped in no small degree, 

to form that patriotic spirit in which, in times of stress 

and danger, the gentlemen of England have never been 

found wanting. 



NOTE A. 

[Letters of Anna Seward, i 784-1807, vol. hi. 181 i, p. 380.] 

Letter XCVL To the Rev. T. S. Whalley. 

Lichfield, July 25, 1794. 

A fortnight since, I passed a few days very pleasantly beneath the 
spacious and elegant mansion of Sir Nigel Gresley, and amidst its 
surrounding groves and lawns, which the taste of their owner has 
rendered Arcadian. Sir Nigel has adorned one of his rooms with 
singular happiness. It is large, one side painted with forest scenery, 
whose majestic trees arch over the coved ceiling. Through them we 
see glades, tufted banks, and ascending walks, in perspective. The 
opposite side of the room exhibits a Peak valley; the front shows 
a prospect of more distant country, vieing with the beauties of the real 
one, admitted, opposite, through a crystal wall of window, the whole 
breadth of the apartment. Its chimney-piece, formed of spars, and ores, 
and shells, represents a grotto. Real pales, painted green, and breast- 



i66 The Grcsleys of Drakelozve 

high, are placed a few inches from the walls, and increase the power of 
the deception. In these are little wicket gates, that, half open, invite us 
to ascend the seeming forest banks. The perspective is so well pre- 
served as to produce a landscape deception little inferior to the watery 
delusion of the celebrated panorama. 

Sir Nigel knows well how to animate and diversify the longest 
summer-day. His sister Louisa, who lives with him, has all the comic 
graces ; and his eldest daughter, an amiable girl of fifteen, wins every 
person's love and esteem, by the sweetest attentions of innate politeness. 
One evening, we had a large party on the Trent, which, in its best and 
clearest expansion, rolls at the foot of the lawn. . . . 



NOTE B. 
Portraits at Drakelowe. 

(i) Gresley Portraits 
(in chronological order of date of death). 

1. Sir George GrcsIey (xv), K.B., d. 1548. By Zucchero. 

2. Catherine, Lady Gresley, ne'e Aston, d. 1585. 

3. Katherine, Lady Grcsley, ne'e Walsmgham, d. 1585. 

4. Walsingham Gresley, d. 1633. By Cornelius Jansen. 

5. Thomas Gresley (xix), d. 1642. 

6. Sir George Gresley, ist Bt. (xviii), d. 1651. 

7. Ditto (with motto ' Quod desit, dolet '). 

8. Bridget Gresley, nee Burdet, d. 1685. 

9. Sir Thomas Gresley, 2nd Bt. (xx), d. 1699. 

10. Sir William Gresley, 3rd Bt. (xxi), d. 1710. 

11. Anne Gresley, sister of the last, d. about 1710-15. 

12. Sir Thomas Gresley, 4th Bt. (xxii), d. 1746, with Dorothy Lady 

Gresley (ne'e Bowyer), and their family. 

13. Ditto, several miniatures of his children. 

14. Sir Thomas Gresley, 5th Bt. (xxiii), d. 1753. 

15. Ditto, by Kettle. 

16. Sir Nigel Gresley, 6th Bt. (xxiv), d. 1787. 

17. Ditto, in naval uniform. 

18. Elizabeth, Lady Gresley {ne'e Wynne), d. 1793. 

19. Wilmot, Lady Gresley (ne'e Gresley), d. 1790. By Sir Joshua Reynolds. 

20. Sir Nigel Bowyer Gresley, 7th Bt. (xxiv), d. 1808. 

21. Ditto, miniature in snuff-box. 

22. Rev. William Gresley, of Seile, d. 1829, a miniature. 

23. Sir Roger Gresley, 8th Bt. (xxv), d. 1837. | length. 

24. Ditto, full length. 

25. Ditto, \ length. 



Drakeloive 167 



a6. Sir Roger Gresley, 8th Bt. (xxv), d. 1837, a miniature. Chap. VIII. 

37. Ditto, miniature. 
a8. Ditto, miniature. 

29. Sir William Nigel Gresley, 9th Bt. (xxv), d. 1847. 

30. Ditto. 

31. Lady Sophia Gresley {ne'e Coventry), d. 1875. 
33. Ditto, miniature. 

33. Ditto, miniature. 

34. Ditto, miniature. 



(2) Miscellaneous Portraits 
(in alphabetical order of names). 

35. Sir John Bowyer, d. 1666? 

36. 5th Earl of Coventry, d. 1751. 

37. Countess of Coventry, nee Gunning, d. 1760. 

38. Lord Dudley, K.G., d. 1532. 

39. Duchess of Hamilton, nee Gunning, d. 1790. 

40. King James i, d. 1625. 

41. Marchioness of Londonderry, me Vane-Tempest, d. 1865 (miniature), 

42. Flora Macdonald, d. 1790. 

43. Prince Maurice of Nassau, d. 1625. By Mirevcldt. 

44. Ditto? By F. Bol. 

45. Duchess of Montmorency. 

46. Sir John Norreys, d. 1597. 

47. Duchess of Portsmouth, d. 1734. 

48. Bishop Edward Reynolds, d. 1676. 

49. Mrs. Reynolds, his wife. 

50. 51. Lady Rich. By William Honthorst. 

52. Countess of Salisbury, ne'e Bcnnot, d. 1713. 

53. Lady E. Spencer. 



54. Two miniatures of girls. 

55. Miniature of three children. 

56. Picture painted by Lucas Cranach, from the Prince of Monaco's 

collection. 

57. Picture of a Lady, bought in Italy by Sir Thomas Gresley, loth 

Bt. 

58. Picture of a widow- lady, with the arms (apparently) argent, three 

chevrons gules : of the time of Elizabeth or James i ; with three 
rings on the left hand, which is holding a gold chain. 

59. Picture of a Lady dressed in bright pink, holding a basket of 

flowers : in French style, in an oval frame. 



i68 The Grcslcys of Dmkelozve 

60. Picture of a gentleman in blue, with wig: perhaps Sir William 

Bowyer. 

61. Picture of a gentleman in brown coat with silver buttons, carrying 

a dog in his hand: in a black frame: probably Sir Thomas 
Gresley, 4th Bart. 

62. Picture of a Lady, in blue dress, with flowers in her left hand : in 

a black frame : probably Gertrude, Lady Gresley, ne'e Grammer, 
2nd wife of the preceding. 

63. Portrait of a Lady, said to be Queen Henrietta Maria. 

64. Portrait of a child with dog. 

Portraits at 55 Great Cumberland Place, London ; 
all from Nether Seile. 

65. Sir Thomas Gresley, 2nd Bt., d. 1699. 

66. Thomas Greslej', Esq., 2nd son of the 2nd Bt. (?), d. 1743. 

67. Mrs. Gresley, me Vincent, d. 1769 : by Sir Joshua Reynolds. 

68. Sir Nigel Gresley, 6th Bt., d. 1787 : in naval uniform : a miniature. 

69. Mrs. Gresley, ne'e Gresley, d. 1806, with her two nieces Mrs. Levett 

(d. 1845) and Mrs. Heathcote, lue Gresley (d. 1813): a slightly 
coloured drawing by J. R. Smith. 

70. Miss Hannah Vincent, d. 1808: by Sir Joshua Reynolds. 

7 1. Miss Gresley. 

72. Miss Gresley. 

Portraits at Barton under Needwood. 

73. Rev. Sir William Nigel Gresley, 9th Bt., d. 1847 • ''y Buehner. 

74. Ditto, a miniature. 

75. Georgina Ann, Lady Gresley, me Reid, a miniature. 

(Note.— The pictures of scenery, the tapestry, the china, the stained 
glass windows and other treasures of the house cannot be here described.) 



APPENDIXES 



LIST OF APPENDIXES 



A. Notes relating to the Castle, Priory and Church 

OF Gresley 171 

B. Notes on the Manors and Possessions of the Family 183 

C. The Gresley Arms, Seals, Crest, and Motto . . 205 

D. The Grellys, Barons of Manchester, and other 

families of similar name but unconnected with 
the Gresleys 208 

E. Account of the MSS. and Authorities of which use 

HAS been made 213 



APPENDIX A 

NOTES RELATING TO THE CASTLE, PRIORY 
AND CHURCH OF GRESLEY 



A. GRESLEY CASTLE. 

The traveller from Burton to Leicester, just before he ap- 
proaches Gresley station, about four miles from Burton, may 
notice high above him on a hill to the left, one of those green 
knolls which are so attractive to the antiquary. The first glance 
will show him that it is no natural eminence, but a mound raised 
either for sepulture or for defence. In the present case, the name 
of the village, the traditions of the place, and the disturbed surface 
of the field to the north and east of the mound suffice to prove that 
these are the visible remains of Gresley Castle. 

The mound is circular, and even at the present time over 
twenty feet high, and perhaps loo yards in circuit at the base, but 
must have been more imposing before the levelling forces of 
Nature had worn it down. Its shape and position, however, serve 
to recall the old Norman earth-mounds on which the donjon keep 
was erected, and which was the earliest, as it seems likely to be 
the latest, form of defensive fortification. It is quite possible that 
surface excavations in the surrounding field would reveal the 
outline of the courtyards and gateway of the Castle, but till this 
is done it is unsafe to venture on anything more than a conjecture 
that these lay chiefly to the north of the keep in the direction of 
the high-road. There is still a deep fosse round the mound. 

No record whatever has come down to us of the building of 
the place. All that can be said is that when Drakelowe was 
depopulated at the close of the eleventh century » the vill of Gresley • Sec p. 23. 
profited by its neighbour's fall, and became the abode of the first 



P-25- 



172 TJie Gresleys of Drakeloive 

Gresley. In about 1150 we find a deed of the Earl of Chester b 
dated ' apud Greselegam,' and it is natural to assume that William 
Fitz-Nigel de Gresley had before then planned or begun the forti- 

See at foot, fications, probably adapting them to suit a pre-existing mound <= : 
but whether the outer works were military or domestic, cannot be 
determined, nor does the name of Castle Gresley occur before 

See p. 26. 1268 d. The building must have been abandoned by about that 
date, or we should have found some mention of it in existing 
documents. 



B. GRESLEY PRIORY. 

On a ridge of high ground, about a mile east of the Castle, but 
separated from it by a wide valley, stood the Priory of Gresley, 
built by William Fitz-Nigel de Gresley, who probably died in 
Seep. 27. ii66e. It was dedicated to St. George, and contained Canons 
Regular of the order of St. Augustine. The following account by 
the Rev. J. M. Gresley gives a description of the excavations 
undertaken by him in 1861, the results of which are shown in the 
plan of the priory : — 

The Priory of St. George of Gresley, Derbyshire. 
(Ashby-de-Ia-Zouch, 1861, 8".) 

In the reign of King Henry the First, a.d. 1100-1135, William 
de Gresley, son of Nigel de Staflbrd (mentioned in Doomsday-Book), 
founded near his Castle of Gresley, Derbyshire, a small Priory of 
Canons Regular of the Order of St. Augustine, dedicated to St. George. 
It subsequently received other grants of land ; and shortly before the 
first dissolution of Monasteries in 1536 by Henry the Eighth, it was 
found possessed of property in Gresley, Linton, Swadlingcote, Harth- 
Heathcote. cote«*, Newton, Boothorpe, Seile, Donisthorpe, Oakthorpe, Chilcote,and 
Foremark, and of the rectory of Lullington, of the clear value of 
/31 6s. od. per annum. In 1543 the King sold the site of the Priory 
and the bulk of its estates to Henry Criche, probably one of the many 
speculators in Monastic propertj' at that period. Thirteen years after- 
wards it passed to Sir Christopher Allcyne, of the Mote, in Kent, the 
first of that family who settled at Gresley, son of Sir John Alleyne, 
twice Lord Mayor of London in the reign of Henry the Eighth, who 
by his will gave a rich gold collar and jewel to be worn by the Lord 
Mayor and his successors. From the Alleynes it passed in the last 
century to the Meynells, and afterwards to the Gresleys of Drakelow. 

' In the eleventh and twelfth centuries the natural form of keep would be 
square, unlcsi an existing mound made a circular or nearly circular shape more 
convenient. 



Grcslcy Priory 173 



The late Sir Roger Gresley, Bart., sold it in 1827. The site of the Priory 
had been previously detached from the Gresley Hall estate. 

The Canons Regular of the Order of St. Augustine, or Black Canons, 
as they were called from the colour of their habit or dress, combined 
the duties of parish priests and monks. Consequently the same Church 
was frequently a divided property; the Nave belonging to the parish- 
ioners, the Chancel or Choir to the Canons. Such probably being the 
case at Gresley, the Choir of the Church was sold by the King, as well 
as the domestic buildings of the Monastery and its estates. These 
edifices were most likely very soon demolished ; partly from fear of 
their being again demanded for Divine Service, and partly, we may 
suppose, to build a residence, Gresley Hall, for Sir Christopher Alleyne. 
The parishioners still retained their Nave, and the land north of the 
Church as their burial-ground ; but the rest, which had belonged to 
the Canons, was desecrated. In the year 1840 the site of the Choir 
was purchased as an addition to the parish burial-ground : human 
remains being found there, the Bishop of Lichfield considered that 
consecration of it was not required. The rapid increase of population 
in the place since that time now demands a further enlargement, and 
the Earl Howe, as trustee to the Marquis of Hastings, to whom the land 
immediately south of the Church belongs, has consented to a grant of 
a piece of ground for that purpose. It was therefore necessary to 
ascertain whether this had been consecrated, and an opportunity was 
also thus given for the investigation of any remains which might exist of 
the Monastic Edifice. 

Thirty-two feet south of the south-east angle of the Tower of the 
Church, (which stands at the east end of the north aisle of the Nave,) 
the foundation of a thick wall was discovered running southward. 
Fragments of windows of the fourteenth century, of painted glass, 
and of encaustic tiles with coats of arms and various devices, were found 
above it. On the west side of it a Stone Coffin, cut out of a single block, 
with a circular cavity for the head and tapering to the feet, was dis- 
covered ; and on the left side of this another Coffin formed of upright 
slabs of stone. These contained human remains carefully placed. Four 
other interments were found side-by-side of these : one of them had 
been buried in a wooden Coffin : another seemed to have had stones 
placed around him after he had been laid in the earth: the other two 
appeared to have been buried without any protection. No rings or 
other valuables were found with them ; only a copper buckle or two, 
which probably fastened the girdle of their habit in which they were 
buried. The arms or hands of all had been religiously crossed in front 
of the body. Lying thus undisturbed in a row they presented a striking 
appearance. Further westward of these was another interment, and 
four more on the east side of the wall. Of the latter, one was in a Stone 
Coffin similar to that first found. The stone lid was upon it, but broken, 
ornamented with a Cross, the ends terminating with Fleurs-de-lis, but 
without date or inscription. Upon removing this, the remains were 
found to have been previously disturbed. Coffins of this description 
were in use chiefly during the twelfth, thirteenth, and fourteenth 
centuries, to which period these may be assigned, containing in all 



174 The Gresleys of Drakeloive 

probability the bodies of Priors and other inmates of the house. The 
absence of anything valuable in them may be accounted for by the 
limited income of the establishment : the Canons could not afford to 
bury such things. 

Another foundation of a thick wall, eastward of the one first found, 
and parallel with it, was discovered. A bevel on the east side of it 
showed that to have been the outside. On the west side of it were the 
remains of a fire-place with a stone fender. By the side of this a large 
drain was found, running south and south-west with the fall of the 
ground. Many other foundations of walls running north and south, 
east and west, were discovered, but at present not so connectedly as 
to allow any plan of the buildings to be ascertained. There are, how- 
ever, indications that the Priory was built on the usual plan, with 
a Cloister-court, surrounded by the Chapter-house, Refectory, Dormitory, 
&c. There can be no doubt that this was the burial-place of the Canons, 
some of them probably in the Cloister-court, others in the Chapter-house. 
The greatest care has been taken to prevent the remains being treated 
with disrespect, and, considering the thousands of persons who have 
visited the spot, successfully so. It is intended that they shall be re- 
interred, and a commemorative stone set over them. 

Contributions towards the expenses, however small, will be gladly 
received by 

J. M. Gresley, 

Over Seile, 
Ashby-de-la-Zouch. 

May i8, a.d. i86i. 



Further excavations have brought to light the foundations of ranges 
of buildings, forming three sides of a quadrangular Court, the Church 
on the north side forming the fourth. On the east, south, and west 
sides there are evidences of Cloisters, contiguous to which on the east 
side were the Chapter-house, and three or four other apartments, one 
of which had evidently been used for melting the lead at the time of the 
dissolution, many strips and fragments of which lay about, and also 
coal, dross, and the pipe of the bellows. In the Chapter-house lay 
several of the Canons, who had been buried in wooden Coffins, the 
nails of which remained. Here also were many fragments of painted 
glass of the fourteenth centurj', portions of a base and columns of 
Furbeck marble, some copper plates, probably from the bindings of books, 
two silver pennies of Kings Edward the First and Second, the floriated 
termination of an iron door-hinge, and a large key. Outside the south- 
eastern angle of the quadrangle was an apartment with a fire-place: 
this is the usual position of the Prior's Lodging. On the south side 
of the Court was the Refectorj', with two small apartments at the east 
end. The range of buildings extending along the west of the Quad- 
rangle probably comprised the kitchen and domestic offices, if we may 
so conjecture from the drains found there. The junction of the domestic 
buildings with the Church has not been satisfactorilj* made out. North 





l^ 



THE Pridry of ST George at 



Gycs!eys of Dyctkelowc 



GRESLEY PRIORV 

(ground-plan) 



Gresley Priory 175 



of the Chapter-house was found part of a passage with a pavement of 
yellow and black tiles, with a row of others along it with shields 
of arms and knots, arranged lozenge-wise. In the east Cloister was 
discovered another Stone Coffin, with a ponderous lid of sandstone 
without ornament or inscription. This Coffin was of harder stone and 
of better workmanship than the other two. The bones contained in it 
had not been previously disturbed. Further northward in the same 
Cloister was another Coffin formed of several stones : this had been 
previously opened. Several other interments were found in this and 
in the south Cloister. Near the Prior's Lodging some circular pieces 
of black and yellow pottery were found, probably for the game of tables 
or backgammon ; also broken drinking-cups with two handles, and 
(particularly may be noticed) the iron shoeing of a mediaeval spade. 
October, a. d. i86i. 

A careful diary of the excavations was kept by the writer of 
the above Account, and from it and other notes Mr. Herbert Hurst 
has skilfully compiled the ground-plan which is here reproduced. 



Annals of the Priory. 

No connected history of the Priory is possible, from the scant 
ness of the materials which have come down to us, and from the ' No. 5448! 
small size of the foundation, which was no doubt destitute of any 
of the appendages of larger houses, such as a Register or Chartu- log'u'e of 
lary*'. All that can be done is to put down in chronological fJgColiri'" 
order the succession of abbots and a few records of individual of Arms, is 
canons and deeds of gift. The chief references for the House, ^°i"h'!h "^"^ 
other than papers at Drakelowe, are, Dugdale's Monasticon (ed. Abbey of 
Ellis, vi. 410 : a meagre account), remarks by Pegge in Archceologia CreaJi^'^ co 
V. 24, and Cox's Derbyshire Churches (iii. 367-376). No 

Br 

MS. Add. 

occurs in an abstract of a lost charter of 1268 e, in which the 6060. 

words run, ' Conventus Beatae Mari^ de Gresele,' but this is ^ Gresl. 

probably due to carelessness of the scribe for the fuller expression ^ '/"^'" ' ''' °°' 

which is found in Gresley Charter 34 ^ 'Deo et Sanctas Mariae , „ •' \^ 

. ^ 1 Brit. Mus. 

et Sancto Georgio de Gresele,' in which the mention of St. Mary MS. Harl. 
the Virgin has nothing to do with the dedication of the house. ^^^o, loll. i3 

About A.D. 1150. Foundation of the Priory by William fitz- prhuid i'rf ^ " 
Nigel de Gresley, see p. 26. Shirley's 

1151-7. The first prior was no doubt Reginald, who is Shirieiana, 
only once mentioned, as a witness to a deed of Henry fitz-Saward p. 6, 2nd ed. 
which cannot be later than 1157 or earlier than 1151'. The P- 346. 



rd's 
1697 Cata- 



176 The Grcsleys of Drakelowe 

App. a. ' Reginaldus canonicus ' and ' frater Gilbertus ' who were witnesses 

to an undated deed of Robert dc Grcsley (occ. 1166-circa 1183J) 

'[f^l' - niay have been of this house, 
artul. p. 15. -I 

J* Red Bk. of 1186-7. Mention of the Priory of Gresley as in the Honour of 

incasterJ*. 

Walter was prior in the first half of the thirteenth century '^. 



leOi.^68"^ Lancaster 

» Brit. Mui 
MS. Add. 

6671, foi. 33. Richard, whose counter-seal occurs on a deed of the time of 

'Gresley Henrv iii ', was prior not later than about 1240 1', and died 

Charters 76, . -^ ' *^ 

152; cf. Gresl. in 1281. 

„ Gresl ' ^^^^- ^" ^^y ^^ ^^ Priory petitioned ° their patron, through 

Chartul. p. 29; W. dc Seile and J. de Bromley, to allow them to elect their own 

MS^Add^"^' P'"'°''' Richard having lately died. No doubt this William de 

8157, fol. 52. Seile then succeeded, as he occurs as Prior in 1291 <>. 

MS."Add."^' I28f, Feb. 16. Robert de Gresley, presumably a canon of this 

6671, p. 40. house, was on that day elected Abbot of Roucester, but as another 

" Salt Soc. abbot on March 20, 128^, received the temporalities, he either 

Ridw.' ^ ^^ died before that date or possibly even came back to Gresley as 

Chartul. Prior on William's death, for a Robert prior occurs in 1308? and 

p Lichf. Reg. j^ ^^ undated deed n. 

1. 70'. 

q Brit. Mus. 131 1. Roger de Aston was elected "• Prior, and occurs in 1328' 

^t.r.o. -dx34i'. 

^ Lichf. Reg. 1316, June 17. A decree" was issued by the Bishop of Lich- 

'■ '^^' field for a reformation of the priory in the matter of pensions and 

• Brit. Mus. f J 

MS. Add. the like. 

^'^Bodr MS ^3+"^' J"'y ^' R''"^"-'lp'i'JS de Bentele is made Vicar ^ of Lulling- 

Ashm.833,' ton, but soon died and was succeeded on Oct. 11, 1344, by Simon 

p. 430: with ^^ Longdon, who was followed on his demise by Radulphus de 

the Prior's Fenny Drayton on Nov. 10, 1349. All three were Canons of 

private seal. Gresley. 
° Lichf. Reg. 

i. 53«. i349i Aug. 26. John Walrant, formerly Canon, was appointed 

' Ibid. ii. Prior w. 

78% 81, 88'. 

« Ibid. ii. 87. 1360-1. John Gresley occurs as Prior ^: and in 1365 an 

« Gresl. inquisition of 37 Edw. 3, Jan. 28 shows that Sir John de Gresley 

Chartul. p. 42. g jg^^jg j^ Heathcote, Swadlincote and Church Gresley. 

1 Cox's Derb. " 

Chh. iii. 389. J389. John Ray, Canon of Gresley, is made Vicar of Lul- 

' Lichf. Reg. lingtony. 

VI. 145. ^ 

• Bodl. MS. 1400. In this year John de Tutbury, who was in 1389 a Canon '^ 
Dndsw. 22, ^^^ sub-deacon, was appointed Prior. He occurs in 1409", and 



Grcslcy Priory 177 



is accused in 1413 of abducting ^' a nun of Brcwood, hut obtains App. A. 



Salt Soc, 



acquittal. He died in 1420''. 

1420. Simon Balsham is 'vice Superioris fungens'",' presum- xyii. 17, 53, 

ably in the interregnum. ^ '^^' 

1420, Sept. 13. William de Sancto Ivone was elected Prior'', Chartul. p.53. 

he and John de Bredon having been the two chosen by the ^^'''^-'''• 

Priory, between whom their patron Sir Thomas de Gresley should ^q^a^ ^qsb^ 

make choice. He was undoubtedly Prior at his death in Dec. 402'^. 

1438 or Jan. 143!, so that Cox's mention of William Sayborne p5j°''- ^ ^<^h. 

as Prior in 1438 must be an error: probably 'Saiburne' is a mis- , ^^^^^ j^ 

reading of de ' Sco Yuone.' ix. 89". 

1429. John de Burton, Canon of Gresley, was made Vicar « of ^j^/^.'^gr 16 

Lullington. h MS^ „f S p_ 

T43I, Jan. 26. Richard of Coventry was installed f Prior, Wolfcrstan. 

having been recommended ^ for the office to Sir Thomas de Gresley wickfhire ledl 

on the 2ist by the Priory through their Sub- Prior John de Bredon, 173°) p- 

on the death of William de Sancto Ivone. Richard occurs as '"^ ' 

J Derb. Chh. 

a witness m 144^- b. iii. 3,0, from 

1439. William Catton', Canon of Gresley, was made Prior of Episc'.Veg^ 

Erdbury in Warwickshire. t Harwood's 

1450. Of Thomas, stated by CoxJ to be Prior in this year, (i8o67p-404. 

I have not found other record before 1467, when he was elected ^ 1 coxs Derb. 

a member of the Gild of St. Mary at Lichfield. Chh. iii. 380. 

1453. Ralph Lyng, Canon of Gresley, was made Rector' of supra, iii. 

Harshorn in Derbyshire. 370; from the 

\ _ _ Lichf. Episc. 

1476. John Smith is stated by Cox "> to have been appointed Registers;. 
in this year and to have died in 1493. In 1487 he was a brother" " Harwood's 
of the Gild of St. Mary at Lichfield. pp^sio, 320, 

1493. Robert Mogge is stated by Cox ■" to have been in this ^j^; 3^^' ■*°^' 
year appointed Prior: he occurs as such in 1503° and i5ioi\ o sir Tho. 

1526. John Okely was prior in this year a and in 1528'", and wm.^'^^ 
until the storm of the Reformation burst upon the house. On p Gresley 
May I, 1537, Letters Patent granted to him a pension « of £6 Charter 463. 
a year for life. " "'•'^- 476- 

■■ Harwood's 

1529. John Cowopp, Canon of Gresley, was made Vicar of Lichfield, 
Lullington'. P- 4i3- 

' Bodl. MS. 

In Dec. 1535 the Royal Commissioners (probably Layton and Rawl. C. 134, 
Leigh) visited the Priory, and in 1536 it was surrendered into the [°'" ^^5' 
hands of the King. After this the whole fabric of the Priory fell zu^^ix. 389.' 



The Gresleys of Drake lozve 



into decay, with the exception of the Priory Church which became 
the parish Church of Gresley. 

The successive owners or (in italics) tenants of the site have 
been Henry Criche or Cruche (1540), Richard Appleton (?), John 
Seymour (1550), Sir Christopher Allen (1558), Richard Dale (1616), 
the IVIeynells (eighteenth centur}'), and the Gresleys of Drakelowe 
(from about 1775 to 1828). 



SEALS AND ARMS OF THE PRIORY. 

The seal of the Priory is known in at least three forms: — 

1. As sketched in the Gresley Chartulary at p. 19 (no. 3 : 
cf. Jeayes, no. 52), in connexion with a deed of about a. d. 1220-30. 
In this St. George, the patron saint, is depicted on horseback, 
bearing a long lance and a kite-shaped shield, the whole of which 
is visible, with the legend sigillvm : prioratvs : sti : georgii : 
de:greseley. This appears to be the seal drawn in Brit. Mus. 
MS. Add. 8157, fol. 21, from a Portsea MS. 

2. The second seal, and the only one known to be still in 
existence, is on a deed at Drakelowe of the time of Prior Richard 
(about A. D. 1250), no. 76 in Mr. Jeayes's Catalogue, and described 
with a facsimile in that work (p. x and plate i). It represents 
St. George in armour on horseback, bearing a long lance with 
a gonfanon, and a kite-shaped shield, half of which is visible, 
apparently charged with an escarbuncle of eight rays. The legend 
is SIGILLVM : SANCTi : GEORGII : DE : GRESELE. On the reverse is 
the counter-seal or secretum of the Prior. 

3. The third seal is known from sketches of it in three places 
in the Gresley Chartulary (pp. 31 and 53), attached to deeds of the 
dates 1281, 1300-1 and 1420. In this also St. George is repre- 
sented on horseback, but the lance has given place to an uplifted 
sword, a dragon is depicted beneath, and the horse bears on two 
places a cross pattee, which is also on the shield. Behind the 
rider is a small shield with the Gresley arms, and the legend is 
SIGILLVM : c5vENTvs : stI : GEORGII : DE : GRESLEYA. A drawing of 
this is in Bodl. MS. Ashm. 833, fol. 430, as from a deed owned 
in 1658 by a Mr. Turnepenny, sub-chanter of Lichfield Cathedral, 
and dated 1341, which bore at the back of the seal a secretum 
Prioris. 

Leland (Collectanea, vol. i. p. 49) depicts the arms of the Priory 



Greslcy Church 179 



'ex sigillo' as a cross pattee impaling the Greslcy arms, but he 
probably took this from the third seal above. 

C. GRESLEY CHURCH. 

(From W. Wyrley's copy, in 1592, of the Visitation of Derbyshire 
of 1569, in Brit. Mus. MS. Harl. 6592.) 

The Church of Gresley hath in it thes Armes followinge | it is 
seated 2 miles from the Trent, amongest the woodes, whear 
William the sonn of Nigell de Gresley founded a priorie in the 
honore of St. George, the Ruines wherof remayne | of which 
priorie the Gresleys wear patrons and had a necessarie voyce in 
the election of the pryore | it doth appear to me by manie circum- 
stances yt the Gresleys had the full complement of our Auncient 
Barrens ; As fyrst, the hundred of Gresley, being one of the 
divisiones of this Countie of Darbie, to be held by the Gresleys in 
Barinagio | then a pryorie of their foundation, then their Castle of 
their own Surnam, seted within a mile of the pryorie, toward the 
Trent | then | their parke | at Draklow, the Ancient seat of their 
house I And last that in old records roles and Cronicles of Antiquitie 
the name of Gresley is euer numbered amongest the Barones : 
This William the founder | had yssue Robert de Gresley knight 
whom Mathew Paris remembereth, in k. John and Henrie the 
third: lyffe whoe had yssue William, whoe had yssue Geofferey, 
whoe had yssue William, whoe had yssue Geftbrey, who had yssue 
Peter, whoe had yssue Gefforey, whoe had yssue John, who had 
yssue Nicholas who had yssue Thomas, whoe had yssue John, whoe 
had yssue John whoe had yssue Thomas, whoe had yssue George, 
whoe had yssue William Gresley (as the rest from the begining | 
had been knight) whoe had yssue Thomas Gresley esquier | my 
very good friend of whom I may rightly with the poet say : ille 
nobis hsec otia fecit : The pleasant sytuation of Draklow, (vpon the 
banke of Trent on the South, northwest one mile from the Chastell 
of Gresley) I will passe over, as not able to discribe the exelencie 
therofxat the subuersion of the priorie of Gresley many their 
moniments perished, in the parish Church thes under tricked 
remayning [then follow eleven shields in trick, of France, England, 
Vere, Beauchamp, Clare, Burgh, Stafford, Appleby (?), Gresley, 
Gasteneys : the eleventh is, argent two wolves or hounds sable, 
and the next sentence refers to this coat : — ] ther is one verie old 
moniment of thes 2 woolfes in a syde vestment of whyt upon his 
mayle, kneling [ of the time of H: the third at the least : {then 



lowe, 



180 The Greslcys of Drakelozve 

folloivs, separate : — ] Hear lyeth the Bodie of S"^ George Gresley 
knight and ladie katheren his wyff | Hetherto Gresley Churche 
in Darbyshier. 

(For the church, its monuments, and its vicissitudes Cox's 
Derbyshire Churches, iii. 367-376, is the fullest and best authority : 
see also the Topographer for 1789.) 



The Monument of Sir Thomas Gresley in 
Gresley Church. 

The finest monument in the church is undoubtedly that of 
Sir Thomas Gresley, the second Baronet, who died in 1699. After 
his death William Inge, whose mother was Sir Thomas's eldest 
daughter, seems to have had the chief direction of this memorial, 
and soon after 1699 was in correspondence with Gregory King, 
Lancaster herald, about the armorial details. Not only has an 
At Drake- elaborate paper" by King come down to us, slightly injured, but 
also a minute description " of the whole monument, dated October, 
1777. The following paragraphs are from the latter document : — 

' In the Abbey Church of Gresley, com. Derb., on the left hand 
of the altar up to the wall is a large Monument of about 12 foot 
high and 9 foot over ; under an Arch of Alabaster the figure of 
Sir Tho: Gresley kneeling. Above the arch two urns, on each 
side one, from each Urn a Mantle hanging down reaches to two 
mourning boys, the one with his arms across, the other covering 
his face with a mantle ; under the pedestal of one boy the arms of 
Gasteneys, under the other the arms of Morewood (as being the 
only heiresses with whom the family match'd) : within the Arch 
a black Marble-table flat to the wall with this inscription 

Sir Thomas Gresley 

of Drakelow 

in the County of Derby Baronet 

Died the 5 of June 1699 

Aged 70 

At the Top of the Monument the sheild of Sir Tho: Gresley Bart., 
namely, Quarterly Gresley and Gasteneys with an inescocheon 
of Morewood — a Canton for Baronet. 

Round the Arch are 23 Escocheons placed as they are in 
this paper, and below the Stone on which Sir Thomas kneels are 
fourteen Escocheons without names placed as in this paper for the 
fourteen children of Sir Tho: and Dame Frances his wife. The 



Gresley Church 



i8i 



whole Monument is of Alablaster adorned with gold except the App A. 
black inscription-table 

The work of Sir W™ Wilson ' 

The arrangement of the arms is as follows, 1-23 being the chief 
Escutcheons and i-xiv the smaller ones of the children of Sir 
Thomas. The names of families are here added in brackets, but 
are represented by coats of arms only, in the original. 



(Gresley) 



(Gresley— 
blank) 



3 

(Gresley- 
blank) 



(Gresley— blank) 

6 

(Gresley— Bakepuiz) 

8 

(Gresley— Stafford) 

10 

(Gresley— Swinnerton) 

12 

(Gresley— Walsh) 

14 
(Gresley— Stanley) 

16 

(Gresley— Mulsho) 

18 
(Gresley— Walsingham) 

20 
(Gresley — Burdct) 

22 
(Gresley — Walcot) 



Figure of 
Sir Thomas Gresley 



(Gresley — Somerville) 

7 

(Gresley— blank) 

9 
(Gresley— Gernon) 

(Gresley— Gasteneys) 

13 

(Gresley— Clarell) 

15 
(Gresley— Ferrers) 

(Gresley— Aston) 

19 
(Gresley— Ferrers) 

21 
(Gresley— M orewood) 

23 
(blank) 



(Inge— Gresley) (Gresley) (Gresley) (blank— Gresley) (Watson — 

Gresley) 
vi vii viii 

(Roby— Gresley) (Walcot— Gresley) \: then in ■znd line ■.—\ (Gresley) 

ix X xi xii xiii xiv 

(Gresley) (Gresley) (Gresley) (Gresley) (Gresley— Bott) (Gresley) 



Among the other Gresley monuments at present in the Church 
are memorials (i) to Elizabeth, Isabel and Katharine Gresley, 
see p. 94 ; (2) to Dorothy Lady Gresley, see p. 104 ; (3) Wilmot 
Lady Gresley, see p. 119; (4) Nigel, son of Sir N. B. Gresley, 

see p. I2D. 



APPENDIX B 

NOTES ON THE MANORS AND POSSESSIONS 
OF THE FAMILY 

To trace the acquisition and devolution of the Gresley property 
in detail would require a volume for itself, the materials being 
copious and well-preserved. All that can be attempted in the 
present Appendix is to provide a frame-work which some future 
antiquary can use, by quoting the earliest authorities on the Gresley 
possessions, and subjoining an alphabetical list of the various 
places in which successive generations of the family have held 
property, with a few notes. 

The Domesday Survey of 1086 naturally supplies the starting- 
point, to be succeeded by the early Pipe Rolls, the evidences of the 
Black and Red Books of the Exchequer, the Testa de Nevill, and 
the Hundred Rolls. The entries in these, as being of primary 
importance, will be given in full. 

I. 

Entries relating to Nigel de Stafford or the Gresleys 
IN THE Domesday Survey, the early Pipe Rolls, the 
Red and Black Books of the Exchequer, the Testa 
de Nevill, the Rotuli Hundredorum, and Placita de 
Quo Warranto. 

A. Domesday (a. d. 1086). 

Derbyshire. 

vi. Terra Henrici de Ferieres. 



Mancrium. In Chetvn habuit Siuuard iij carucatas terr(j ad 
geldam. Terra iij carucarum. Ibi nunc in dominio iij caruc? 
& xiiij uillani & ij bordarij habcnt iiij carucas & xxiiij acras 



Manors and Possessions of the Family 183 

prati. Silua minor i quarentcna longitudine & i quarentciia App 
latitudinc. T. R. E. & modo iialet Ix solidos. Nicellus tenet. 



X. Terra Radvlfi film Hvberti. 



Berewica. In Vffentune iiij bouatQ terr§ ad geldam. Terra Ufton in 
dimidi? carucQ. Berewica in Pentric. Wasta est. Ibi ij ?",j"' ^^'" 
acr§ prati. Silua pasturabilis dimidia leuua longitudine & iiij 
quarenten? latitudine. Nigellus tenet. 

xijij. Terra Nigelli de Statford. 

Maneriuni. In Drachelavve& Hedcote. habuit EIric iiij carucatas Drakelnwe 
terr(j ad geldam. Terra iiij carucarum. Jbi modo Nigellus ^ot'e^^'^^"' 
de Stadford habet in dominio iiij carucas & vj uillanos habentes 
iij carucas. Ibi est sedes j molini & xij acr^ prati. Silua 
pasturabilis ij leuu^ & dimidium longitudine & ij leuu§ latitudine. 
T. R. E. ualebat Ix solidos. modo xl. 

Manerium. In Stapenhille. habuit Godric vi bouatas terr? ad Stapenhill. 
geldam. Terra i caruc(j. Jbi nunc in dominio i caruca & iiij 
uillani & iij bordarij habent i carucam. Ibi iij acr^ prati. 
Silua minor i quarentena longitudine & i latitudine. T. R. E. 
& modo ualet x solidos. 

Manerium. In Sivardingescotes. habuit Godric i carucatam Swadlincote. 
terr§ ad geldam. Terra i caruc§. Jbi nunc in dominio i caruca 
& iiij uillani & ij bordarij habent i carucam. & i censarius habet 
i carucam. Ibi i acra prati. Silua pasturabilis iiij quarenteng 
longitudine & iiij latitudine. T. R. E. ualebat xx solidos 
modo XXX. 

Manerium. In Fornevverche. habuit Vlchel ij carucatas terr? ad Foremark. 
geldam. Terra ij carucarum. Jbi nunc in dominio i caruca 
& V uillani & iij bordarij habent i carucam. Ibi i molinus ij 
solidorum & xx. iiij acr^ prati. Silua pasturabilis dimidia 
leuua longitudine & tantundem latitudinc. T. R. E. ualebat 
xl solidos modo xv solidos. 

Soca. In Englebi iij bouat^ terr^ ad geldam. Terra iiij bourn. Ingleby. 
Soca eiusdem Manerij. Ibiiuillanus & ii bordarij cum dimidia 
caruca & iiij acrij prati. 

Soca. In Tichenhalle i carucata terr? ad geldam. Terra i carucQ. Ticknall. 
Soca pertinet ad Rapendun Manerium regis. Ibi habet (Repton.) 



i84 



The Greslcys of Drakcloive 



Ravenston 
(in Leictster- 
sliire). 

Donisthorp. 



Oakthorp. 



Trangsby 
(unknown). 



Nigellus i carucam in dominio & i uillanum & i bordarium cum 

i caruca. Ibi x acr(j prati. Valet iij solidos. Quarta pars 

silu§ pasturabilis eiusdem uill^. cuius longitudo est i leuua 

& latitude dimidia leuua. pertinet ad Nigellum. 
Manerium. In Smidesbi. habuit Eduinus ij carucatas terr§ ad 

geldam. Terra ij carucarum. Ibi nunc in dominio i caruca 

& V uillani cum i caruca. Silua pasturabilis dimidia leuua 

longitudine & vi quarentenQ latitudine. T. R. E. ualebat 

xl solidos. modo xx solidos. 
Manerium. In Ravenestvn. habet Godric i carucatam terr§ ad 

geldam. Terra i caruc^. Wasta est. Ibi viij acr§ prati. 

T. R. E. ualebat xv solidos. modo xij denarios. 
Manerium. In Dvrandestorp. habet Carle i carucatam terr§ ad 

geldam. Terra dimidi§ caruc(j. Wasta est. T. R. E. ualebat 

V solidos. modo iiij denarios. 
Manerium. In Achetorp. habet Ernuin vi bouatas terre ad geldam. 

Terra dimidie caruc§. Wasta est. T. R. E. ualebat v solidos. 

modo iiij denarios. 
Manerium. In Trangesby. habet Elnod dimidiam carucatam 

terr? ad geldam. Wasta est. T. R. E. ualebat v solidos. modo 

ij denarios. 



Leicestershire. 
Terra Henrici de Ferieres. 



Twycross. Nigellus tenet de Henrico vi carucatas terr(j in Tvicros. T. R. E. 
erant ibi vi carucQ. In dominio est i caruca cum i seruo. & 
xi uillani cum vi bordarijs habent vi carucas. Valuit iij solidos. 
Modo xl solidos. 



Swepstone. 



Nigellus tenet de H[enrico] x carucatas terr? in Scopestone. 
T. R. E. erant ibi x carucQ. In dominio sunt ij caruc§. & xv 
uillani cum presbitero & iij bordarij habent vi carucas. Ibi xij 
acrf prati. Valuit xij denarios. Modo xl solidos. De hac 
terra T. R. E. tenuit Sbern ij carucatas terr§. & quo uoluit ire 
potuit. Reliquam terram tenuit Leuric. cuius terram tenet 
Osmundus episcopus. 



Winshill (!) in Nigellus tenet de H[enrico] in Windesers iij carucatas terr§ uastas. 
crbys lire. rj. ^ ^ ^^^^^ jj^j jj (.^j-uce. Aluric libere tenuit. 



Derbyshi 



Nigellus tenet de H[enrico] in Lintone i carucatam terrg uastam. 



Manors and Possessions of the Family 185 

App. B. 
Staffordshire, 
ii. Terra episcopi de Cestre. 



Ipse episcopus tenet Hvstedone. & Picot de eo. & Nigellus de Hixon. 

Picot. Ibi " Ibi sunt v uillani cum ij carucis & iij acr? prati. ° In marg. 

Valuit & ualet x solidos & ix denarios. qua'n'ta'tcrn 

Ipse episcopus tenet Vlselei. & Nigellus de eo. Ibi dimidiahida wolseley. 

pertinet ad Haiuuode. Ibi sunt iiij uillani & ij bordarij cum 

i caruca & iij acr§ prati. Valuit & ualet xl denarios. 



Ipse episcopus tenet Scoteslei. & Nigellus de eo. Ibi ij carucat^ Scotsley 

terr(;. In dominio est una caruca. & viij uillani & ij bordarij i""''"°^™)- 

cum i caruca. Ibi i acra prati. Valet x solidos. 
Ipse episcopus tenet MoRTONE. & Nigellus de eo. Ibi ij carucat? Morton, in 

terr§. In dominio est una caruca. & ij uillani & iiij bordarij C'^'w'^h. 

cum dimidia caruca. Ibi ij acr§ prati. Valet v solidos. 
Ipse episcopus tenet Dregetone. & Nigellus de eo. Ibi est unus Drointon. 

uillanus cum dimidia caruca. Valuit & ualet xxx denarios. 



Ipse episcopus tenet Licefelle ... Ad ipsum Manerium pertinent Tamhorn. 
hec membra . . . Tamahore terra iiij carucarum. Nigellus 
tenet . . . 

xiii. Terra Ricardi Forestarii. 
RiCARDVs Forestarius tenet de rege Tvrvoldesfeld. & Nigel de Thursfield. 

eo. Bernulfus tenuit & liber homo fuit. Ibi est i uirgata terr§. 

Terra est ij carucarum. Ibi est una [caruca?] cum ij uillanis 

& i bordario. Silua i leuua longitudine & tantundem latitudine. 

Valet x solidos. 
Isdem R. tenet Witemore. & Nigel de eo. Vlfac tenuit & liber Whitmore. 

homo fuit. Ibi est dimidia hida. Terra est iij carucarum. In 

dominio est una [caruca] & iij uillani & ij bordarij cum i caruca. 

Ibi i acra prati. Silua i leuua longitudine & dimidium 

latitudine. Valet x solidos. 



Isdem R. tenet Heneford. & Nigellus de eo. Ibi est una uirgata Handford. 
terr§. Terra est i carucf. Vasta est. Toulf tenuit. Silua 
modica xx pertic? in longitudine & latitudine. Valet ij solidos. 



Isdem R. tenet Claitone. & Nigel de eo. Clayton. 



1 86 The Gresleys of Drakcloive 



XV. Terra Radvlfi filii Hvberti. 



Kingsley. Isdem Robertus de Buci [qui tenet ii hidas in Bretlei de Radulfo] 
tenet in Chingeslei i hidam de Radulfo. & Nigel de eo. 
Leuuric tenuit & liber homo fuit. Terra est i caruc§. Jpsa 
est in dominio. & ii acr§ prati. Silua ibi i leuua longitudine & 
iilj quarenten§ latitudine. Valuit vi solidos. modo x solidos. 

xvi. Terra Nigelli. 
Thorp Con- NiGELLVs tenet ToRP. Jbi Sunt iii hid§. Terra est vi carucarum. 
stantine. jj^ dominio est una &. vij uillani & vi bordarii habentiiij carucas. 

Ibi viij acr? prati. Valuit xx solidos. modo xl solidos. 

Vluuinus tenuit. Hanc terram calumniatur Nicolaus ad 

firmam regis in Cliftone. 

In Chingesleia. 
Kingsley. Idem Nigellus tenet de rege iij hidas. Terra est iij carucarum. 
Leuric libere tenuit T. R. E. Ibi sunt iiij uillani & vij bordarij 
cum i caruca & dimidio. & una acra prati. De ipsa terra tenet 
Liolfus ij hidas de Nigello. Totum ualet xvij solidos. 
Morton in Idem N[igellus] tenet i hidam in Mortone. Terra ij carucarum & 
*^"°^^"- ij uillani & ij bordarij cum i caruca. Valet x solidos. 



Note on Nigel de Stafford's Domesday tenures, and their 
probable devolution till about 1200 (partly based on 
information from Gen. Wrottesley). 



Of their Domesday manors in 
Derbyshire the Gresleys lost : — 
Foremark 
Ingleby 
Smisby 
Stapenhill 
Ticknall 
Trangsby 
Twycross 



And they gained in their 
place : — 

Bilstone 

Coton 

Gresley (two manors) 

Heather 

Linton (a second fee) 

Lullington 

Norton 

Swannington (a small estate) 
P.erhaps all acquired by ex- 
change in the first quarter of the 
twelfth century. 



Manors and Possessions of the Family 187 

Donisthorp, Drakelowe, Heathcote, Oakthorp, Ravenston and 
Swadlincote were retained. 

To 'promote' (that is, set up) Ralph de Gresley (p. 28) some 
manors were alienated, for he obtained a fee in Gresley, Heather 
and Ravenstone and perhaps all the fees held by the Gresleys of 
Ralph fitz-Hubert (Ufton and Kingsley). 

The Gresleys lost all the fees held of Richard the Forester 
(Thursfield, Whitmore, Hanford and Claj'ton) and retained all but 
one of those held of the Bishop of Chester (Hixon, Wolseley, 
Scotsley, Morton in Colwich and Tamhorn, but not Drointon). 
And they acquired from the Abbot of Burton Darlaston and 
Caldwell : but Darlaston was subinfeuded to promote Engenulph, 
a younger son (p. 27). 

When Drointon was lost, they seem to have acquired by exchange 
the fee of Longford, and this was subinfeuded to promote another 
cadet of the family, Nicholas de Gresley, who married Margaret 
the heiress of Longford. 

It must be understood that most of the above statements are 
inferences and not ascertained facts. 



B. Early Pipe Rolls, printed. 
31 Hen. i (1130)? 

Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire. 
Willelmus de Griseleia reddit compotum de x marcis argenti pro p. 
conuentione de terra inter eum & Radulphum Barret \_sic]. In the- 
sauro xl solidi. Et debet vij marcas argenti. 



Serlo de Burg debet Ix libras & vij solidos & vj denarios de p. 31. 
bianco de veteri firma de Notingehamscire & Derbiescire . . . Et 
xiij marcas argenti pro placito quod fuit inter eum [sc. Radulphum 
Basset] & Robertum Greslet. 



17 Hen. ii (11 70). 

Lancastra. 
Et [Rogerus de Herleberga] debet xiii libras & xvi solidos p. 29. 
numero qui remanserunt super terras quas Willelmus filius Walke- 
lini & Nigellus de Greseleia tenent. 

Similar entries in 18 Heij. ii (1171), 21 Hen. ii (1174). 
21 Hen. ii (1174). 

Lancastra de tribus annis. 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



App. B. Rogerus de Herleberga reddit computum . . . de terrls datis 



p. 7, cf. pp. 



. . . Nigello de Greseleia, xlviii solidos de dimidio anno in 
Drakelawa [similarly in i Rich, i (1189), 3 John (1201)]. 



Staffordescira. 
p. 68. Idem Vicecomes reddit compotum . . . de v marcis de Roberto 

de Greselega, quia adduxit quern [?j plegiauit [?] coram lusticiario 
aliter quam eum plegiauerat. 



C. Testa de Nevill. 



(Lend. 1807, folio : compiled in the first half of the thirteenth 
century.) 

COMITATUS NOTINGHAMSHIRE ET DERBYSHIRE. 

Feoda militum . . . qui non habent brevia de habendo scutagio. 



De Willelmo filio Galfridi de Gresleg xl solidos pro uno feodo 
militis in Linton de eodem feodo [scil. comitis de Ferrariis]. 



De Willelmo de Greseleg & Gilberto de Setgrave xxx solidos pro 
tribus partibus feodi in Linton de eodem feodo. 



Veredicta juratorum de singulis wapentakis . . . de escaetis, 

dominabus, vadletis & puellis, &c. 



Willelmus de Gresele tenet Drakelawe in capite & reddit unum 
arcum sine corda & i (pharctram) de Tutisbiry & xij sagittas & 
unum buszonem 



Feoda militum in Comitatibus Salopia & Stafford. Baronia (vel, 
Feoda) J. filij Alani. 



Willelmus de Gresele dimidium feodi in Kingeston, 



Manors and Possessions of the Family 189 

Nomina eorum qui tenent feoda militaria in comitatibus Warrwick- 

shire & Leycestersliire & de quibus ipsi tenent. 

Feoda Comitis de Ferrarijs. 



In Parva Esseby dimidium feodi quod Willelmus de Leyre tenet 
de Willelmo de Gresele & ipse de Comite de Ferrarijs. P- 54- 

In BiLDisTON tertia pars unius feodi quam Radulphus Grym tenet 
de Willelmo de Gresle & ipse de eodem comite. 

In Norton due partes unius feodi quas idem Willelmus de Gresle 
tenet de eodem Comite. 



In SwANiNTON Willelmus le Bretun dat xxxiij denarios ad scutum 
xls & tenet de Willelmo de Gresel & ipse de eodem Comite. P- 95- 



D. Red Book of the Exchequer [and Black Book). 
(Rolls Series edition : compiled in the thirteenth century.) 

A. D. I20I-I2. Scutagia incipientia anno ii° Regis Johannis et 

completa in xiii". P- i^ 

Derbyshire. De honore Peverelli. 



Radulfus de Greselega iij milites. 



A. D. 1166. Staffordshire. Witness of Richard bp. of Coventry. 

Milites qui fuerunt feodati tempore Henrici regis [primij. p. 263. 
Robertas de Gresleia [debet] j militem. 



A. D.I 166. Staffordshire. 

Robertus de Stafford habet Ix feoda . . ., scilicet Ij de servitio p. 265. 
militum . . . De supradictis Ij . . . Robertus filius Radulfi tenet 
feoda vij militum, scilicet . . . Engenulfus de Gresleia ij partes 
[unius militisj. 



A. D. 1166. Derbyshire. Witness of William Earl of Ferrers. 
Tempore Henrici regis [primi]. 



I go The Grcsleys of Drakelowe 

App. B. Willelmus filius Nigelli [tenuit] feoda iiij militum ; et Robertus, 



P- 336. 



filius suus, modo tenet eosdem milites. 



Radulfus Parvus, feoda ij militum ; modo tenet Rcginaldus de 
Griseleia. 



A. D. 1210-12. Lancashire. Serjanteriae. 



Willelmus de Greslega [tenet] Drakelowe per unum arcum sine 
corda et pharetram de Lancastre et xij sagittas et j bozonem. 



A. D. 1211-12. 

p. 587- Nota quod Simon de Farar[iis] habet totum servitium Willelmi de 

Greslega per j arcum perquirendum et xij sagittas, sicut con- 
tinetur in ij Regis Johannis, in Rotulo Cancellariae. 



E. Rotuli Htindirdoruin, a. d. 1274-5. 
Derbyshire. 
Qui alii a Rege clamant, &c. 

Galfridus de Gresel Almaricus de Sancto Amando Ricardus de 
Corsum apud Crosal habent furcas nesciunt quo warranto. 



F. Placita de Quo Warranto. 

(Excerpts from ' Placita De Quo Warranto temporibus Edw. I. II. 

& III.' Lond., 1818, folio.) 

CoMITATUS DeRBIENSIS. 

Placita De Quo Waranto coram W. de Herle et Sociis suis 
Justiciariis itinerantibus in comitatu Nostro Derbiensi die Lune 
proximo post festum apostolorum Petri et Pauli Anno Regni Regis 
Edwardi tertii a conquestu Quarto [July 2, 1330.] 



p. 141. (1) 

summonita. Johanna que fuit uxor Petri de Gresleye summonita fuit ad 

riX^n^ °"' respondendum domino Reg! de placito quo waranto clamat habere 
Drakelowe in manerio suo de Drakelowe liberam warennam visum franci- 
lington. Pl^&'i infangethef furcas wayf et extrauras et eciam in manerio suo 

de Lullyngton' liberam warennam infangethef et furcas etc. 



Manors and Possessions of the Family 191 

Et Johanna per Johannem Child attornatum suum venit Et quo- App. B. 
ad omnes libertates superius nominatas exccpta libera warenna in 
Drakelowe et Lulyngton' etc. dicit quod ipsa et omnes qui pre- 
dicta maneria tenuerunt a tempore quo non extat memoria habuerunt 
omnes libertates illas tanquam eisdem maneriis pertinentes in 
forma predicta Et eo waranto clamat libertates illas etc. Et quo- 
ad liberam vvarennam habendam in maneriis predictis etc. dicit 
quod dominus Edwardus nuper Rex Anglie pater domini Regis 
nunc per cartam suam concessit et confirmavit cuidam Petro de 
Greseley quod ipse et heredes sui imperpetuum habeant liberam 
warennam in omnibus dominicis terris suis in Drakelowe et 
Lullyngton' dum tamen terre ille non sint infra metas foreste 
Regis Ita quod nullus intret terras illas ad fugandum in eis vel ad 
aliquid capiendum quod ad warennam pertineat sine licencia et 
voluntate ipsius Petri et heredum suorum super forisfacturam Regi 
decem librarum Et profert predictam cartam predicti Edwardi Regis 
etc. que premissa testatur in forma predicta etc. cujus data est 
quinto die Augusti anno regni sui tercio Et dicit quod ipsa tenet 1309 
predicta maneria de Drakelowe et Lullyngton que predictus 
Petrus tunc tenuit etc. scilicet manerium de Drakelowe de dono 
Walteri de Bynkelurn qui illud dedit predicto Petro et ipsi Johanna 
tenendum sibi et heredibus suis etc. Et similiter manerium de 
Lullyngton' in dotem etc. de hereditate Galfridi de Greslej'e etc. 

Et Willelmus de Denum qui sequitur pro domino Rege dicit 
quod predicta Johanna non habet in manerio suo de Drakelowe 
judicialia que ad visum franciplegii pertinent nee eciam furcas 
ibidem nee eciam furcas in predicto manerio suo de Lullyngton' 
Dicit similiter quod predicta Johanna semper usa est amerciare illos 
qui deliquerunt in articulis visus franciplegii quocienscunque deli- 
quissent et nunquam ponere illos ad judicium pillorii neque tumbrelli 
Et hoc petit quod inquiratur pro Rege Petit eciam quod inquiratur 
etc. qualiter predicta Johanna usa est predictis warennis etc. et si ha- 
buerit predictas libertates superius clamatas titulo prescripcionis etc. 
et si sic tunc qualiter illis usa est etc. Ideo inquiratur etc. 

[Decision of the Jury: — ] xii juratores dicunt super sacramentum Rights estab- 
suum quod predicta Johanna et illi qui predicta maneria tenu- -vvarrenTn 
erunt a tempore concessionis warenne predicte bene usi sunt both manors, 
warennis illis in omnibus prout requiritur Et quoad predictum 
visum habendum dicunt quod predicta Johanna et omnes illi qui 
predictum manerium de Drakelowe tenuerunt a tempore quo frankpledge 
non extat memoria sine interrupcione habuerunt visum franci- at Drakelowe, 
plegii in eodem manerio set dicunt quod non habent pillorium nee 



192 



The Gresleys of Drakclowe 



frankplerfge 
at Lullington, 
and infange- 
thef in both. 



tumbrellum Et dicunt quod predicta Johanna semper usa est 
amerciare illos qui deliquerunt in articulis visus predict! et nun- 
quam ponere eos ad penam corporalem adeo bene tercia vice et 
pluribus sicut prima vice vel secunda Et dicunt quod habuit furcas 
in predictis maneriis ante sumptionem itineris propter sui exilitatem 
Et dicunt quod ipsa et omnes qui predictum manerium de Drake- 
LOWE et Lullyngton' tenuerunt a tempore quo non extat memoria 
habuerunt infangethef in eisdem maneriis sine interrupcione etc. 
Set dicunt quod nunquam habuerunt wayf nee extrauras in predicto 
manerlo de Drakelowe Ideo predicte libertates visus franciplegii 
et infangethef capiantur in manum domini Regis etc. Postca 
Nicholaus de Greselye et Thomas de Lullynton' fecerunt finem 
cum domino Rege de viginti solidis pro predictis libertatibus visus 
franciplegii et infangethef predicte Johanne rehabende Ideo eadem 
Johanna rehabeat Hbertates illas utendas modis quibus decet etc. 
Et erigat furcas si etc. Et quoad Hbertates illas et libertatem 
warenne habendas inmanerio suode Lullynton' predicta Johanna 
ad presens sine die salvo jure Regis etc. Et quo ad wayf et 
extrauras in manerio suo de Drakelowe habendas eadem Johanna 
in misericordia pro falso clameo etc. Et quo ad warennam 
habendam in manerio suo de Drakelowe ad judicium etc. Et 
sciendum quod predictus finis admittitur virtute cujusdam brevis 
domini Regis justiciariis hie missi de finibus in huiusmodi casu 
recipiendis etc. Et quo ad warennam predictam habendam in 
manerio suo de Drakelowe ad presens sine die salvo jure 
Regis etc. 



p. 156. 

summonitus. 



Inquiry about 
riKbts in 
Gresley. 



(2) 

Galfridus de Greseleye summonitus fuit ad respondendum domino 
Regi de placito quo waranto clamat habere in manerio suo de 
Greseleye liberam warennam in terris suis dominicis infangenthef 
et furcas etc. 

Et Galfridus per Thomam de Lull' attornatum suum venit et quo- 
ad hoc quod ipse summonitus est etc. quo waranto clamat habere 
liberam warennam in manerio suo predicto Dicit quod dominus 
Edwardus quondam Rex Anglie pater domini Regis nunc ad 
instanciam dilecti et fidelis sui Hugonis Le Despenser junioris 
concessit et carta sua confirmavit dilecto et fideli suo Petro de 
Greseleye patri predicti Galfridi cujus heres ipse est quod ipse et 
hcredes sui imperpetuum habeant liberam warennam in omnibus 
dominicis terris suis in Greseleye in comitatu Derbiensi dum 



Manors and Possessions of the Family 193 

tamen terre ille non sint infra metas foreste Regis Ita quod nullus App. B. 
intret terras illas ad fugandum in eis vel ad aliquid capiendum 
quod ad warennam pertineat sine licencia et voluntate ipsius Petri 
vel heredum suorum super forisfacturam Regi decern librarum Et 
profert cartam ipsius Edvvardi Regis etc. que libertatem predictam 
testator in forma predicta Cujus data est apud Stamford quinto 
die Augusti anno regni sui tercio Et eo waranto clamat ipse liber- 1309 
tatem predictam etc. 

Et Willelmus de Denum qui sequitur pro Rege dicit quod ipse 
non habet furcas que ad hujusmodi libertatem de infangenthef 
requiruntur et hoc petit quod inquiratur pro Rege etc. Ideo 
inquiratur. 

Et juratores dicunt super sacramentum suum quod predictus Rights cstab- 
Galfridus habet warennam predictam in predicto manerio de -vvarren" 
Greseleye Et dicunt quod magna pars dominicarum terrarum 
dicti manerii est in manibus diversorum tenentium ad terminum 
vite etc. ex dimissione predicti Galfridi et tamen idem Galfridus 
usus est warenna ilia tam in terris illis quam in terris dominicis 
suis propriis hucusque Et dicunt quod ipse et omnes antecessores 
sui a tempore predicto hucusque habuerunt sine interrupcione pre- 
dictam libertatem de infangenthef et furcas tanquam dicto manerio 
pertinentes et libertate ilia bene usi sunt hucusque excepto tantum 
quod non furcas ad presens set quod furce quas habuit ante 
sumptionem itineris deciderunt etc. et nondum eriguntur etc. Ideo 
predicta libertas de infangenthef capiatur in manum domini Regis 
etc. eo quod non habet judicialia scilicet furcas etc. Postea Nicholaus 
de Greseleye et Thomas de Lullynton' de eodem comitatu fecerunt 
finem cum domino Rege de dimidia marca pro predicta libertate 
predicto Galfrido rehabendo Ideo predictus Galfridus rehabeat 
libertatem illam et erigat furcas utendas ea modo quo decet Ideo infangethef 
predictus Galfridus quoad libertatem istam et omnes alias liber- ^^'^ gaJlows. 
tates superius clamatas ad presens inde sine die salvo jure Regis 
etc. Et sciendum quod iste finis admittitur virtute cujusdam brevis 
domini Regis Justiciariis missi de finibus in hujusmodi casu 
recipiendis etc. 

(3) 

Galfridus de Greseleye summonitus fuit ad respondendum domino p. 156. 
Regi de placito quo waranto clamat habere liberam warennam in Inquiry about 

LyNTOn' etc. w!rren°[n 

Et Galfridus per attornatum suum venit et dicit quod ipse clamat Linton, 
warennam predictam in omnibus dominicis terris suis in Lynton' 
Dicit quod dominus Edwardus quondam Rex Anglie pater domini 
o 



194 



TJic Gresleys of Drakelowe 



Regis nunc ad instanciam dilecti et fidelis sui Hugonis le Despenser 
junioris concessit et carta sua confirmavit dilecto et fideli suo Petro 
de Greseley patri predict! Galfridi cujus heres ipse est quod ipse 
et heredes sui imperpetuum habeant liberam warennam in omnibus 
dominicis terris suis in Lynton' in comitatu isto dum tamen terra 
ille sunt infra metas foreste Regis Ita quod nulius intret terras 
illas ad fugandum in eis vel ad aliquid capiendum quod ad warennam 
pertineat sine licencia et voluntate ipsius Petri vel heredum suorum 
super forisfacturam Regi decern librarum Et profert cartam ipsius 
Edwardi patris etc. que libertatem predictam testatur in forma 
predicta Cujus data est apud Stamford quinto die Augusti anno 
regni sui tercio Et eo vvaranto clamat ipse predictam waren- 
nam etc. 

Et Willelmus de Denum qui sequitur pro Rege dicit quod abusus 
est warenna ilia Et hoc petit quod inquiratur pro Rege Ideo 
inquiratur etc. 

Et xii juratores dicunt super sacramentum suum quod predictus 
Galfridus non est usus aliqua warenna in dominicis terris suis 
in Lynton' sicut superius clamat Ideo predictus Galfridus in 
misericordia pro falso clameo etc. 



(4) 

p. 707. Placita Domini Regis coram J. de Berewyk' et Sociis suis 

134? Justiciariis itinerantibus in comitatu Staffordiensi in termino 

Sancti Hillarii anno regni Regis Edwardi vicesimo primo. 



Nicholaus de Aldithele summonitus fuit ad respondendum domino 
Regi de placito quo waranto clamat tenere placita corone et habere 
liberam warennam furcas feriam mercatum et wayf in Evedon, 
TuNSTALL, Aldythele, Horton, Chesterton, Bottelegh', et 
Alstanfeld etc. 



Rights in 

Tunstal 
establishe 



Et Nicholaus quoad predictum manerium de Tonstall dicit 
quod ipse clamat in eodem visum franci plegii et ea que ad hujus- 
modi visum pertinent emendas assise panis et cervisie fracte et 
wayf Et dicit quod ipse et antecessores sui a tempore quo quidam 
Eugenulphus de Greseley et Edelina uxor eius cujus jus manerium 
illud fuit antea manerium illud dederunt cuidam Ade de Aldythele 
antecessor! ipsius Nicholai et predict! Eugerwlphus et Edelina et 
antecessores ipsius Edeline ante tempus predicte donacionis a 
tempore quo non extat memoria habuerunt predictas iibertates in 



Manors and Possessions of the Family 195 

predicto manerio et eis usi sunt Et de hoc ponit se super patriam 
Et Hugo de Louther preterquam de wayf similiter Ideo fiat inde 
jurata. 

Juratores dicunt super sacramentum suum quod predictus 
Nicholaus et antecessores sui tenentes manerium predictum semper 
post tempus predicte donacionis et predicti Egnulphus et Edelina 
ante temporibus suis et antecessorum ipsius Edeline semper a tem- 
pore quo non extat memoria habuerunt predictas libertates in 
predicto manerio sicut predictum est Ideo predictus Nicholaus inde 
sine die salvo jure Regis. (Rot. 32.) 



An Alphabetical List of Gresley Properties, with their 
occurrence in successive generations of the family, up 

TO THE TIME OF THE FIRST BaRONET (aboUt A. D. 1600). 



i, ii, iii, &c. refer to the generations of the head of the family and correspond 
with the similar numbers at the top of the right-hand pages of the text of this 
book. XV is distinguished as xvo if referring to Sir William, and xvA if to 
Sir George. See also the general Index for other mentions. 

Abbot's Bromley. 

(Staff. : 10 m. WN W. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in xi and xvi. 



(Staff.: 12 m. W. by N. of Drakelowe.) The Gresleys held property 
there in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries (xvi and xvii). 

Appleby. 

(Leic. : 8 m. SE. by S. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in ix. 

Arnesby (Erendesby). 

(Lcic. : 8 m. SSE. of Leicester.) The holding of Nigel de Stafford 
in this parish has been noticed at p. 19. There is no trace of it in the 
hands of the Gresleys. 

Ashby Parva (Parva Essebi). 

(Leic.?: 10 m. S. by W. of Leicester.) In the Testa de Nevill 
William de Leyre is recorded as holding half a knight's fee in this place 
from William de Gresley (v), and he from the Earl of Ferrers. It seems 
to recur in xi, xw a, and xvii. 



[96 The Gresleys of Drakelowe 

Barton under Needwood. 
(Staff. : 3J m. WSW. of Drakelowe.) This occurs in xiv and xvi 

Baston. 

(Lincolnshire.) Occurs in xv«, xv6. 



(Leic: 12 m. SE. of Drakelowe.) This was probably in 1086 part of 
Twycross. It occurs in v, vi, xi, xvrz, xvii. 

Blithbury. 
(Staff. : 10 m. W. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in xvi and xvii. 

Blithford. 
(Staff. : ID m. W. by N. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in xvi. 

Bloxwich. 

(Staff.: 2 m. N. of Walsall.) Occurs in xvi. 

Braceborough. 

(Lincolnshire.) Occurs in ix, xi, xvrt-xvi. 

Bradley in the Moors (Bretlcy). 

(Staff : near Cheadle.) In 1086 'Nigel' held Bretlei of Ralph fitz- 
Hubert : it occurs also in iii. 

Bramshall (Bromshulf ). 
(Staff. : 12 m. NW. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in xvi. 

Branstone. 

(Staff.: i| m. NW. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in xvi. 

Bretley. See Bradley in the Moors. 
Bromley, Abbot's. Sec Abbot's Bromley. 

Bromley Bagot. 

(Staff. : III ni. WNW. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in vi. 

Bromshulf. See Bramshall. 

Burton on Trent. 

(Staff. : 2 m. N. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in xi, xiii, xvff, xvi. 



Manors and Possessions of the Family 197 

Caldway, 

(Staffordshire ?) Occurs in xvi. 

Calowhill. 

(Staff. : 12I m. WNW. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in xvi. 

Carlby. 

(Lincolnshire.) Occurs in xva, xvA. 

Catton in Croxall. (Chetun.) 
(Derb. : 3! m. SSW. of Drakelowe.) This is probably the place 
represented by ' Chetun ' in the Domesday Survey : and if so it was 
a manor held by ' Nigel' in 1086 under Henry de Ferrers. The lordship 
passed with Ainicia de Ferrers to Nigel de Albini : and the Gresleys 
lost all hold of it. 

Cauldwell, 
(Derb. : 2| m. SSE. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in vii, ix, xi, xv A-xviii. 

Clayton. 

(Staff.: 29 m. WNW. of Drakelowe.) 'Nigel' held this manor in 
1086 under Ricardus Forestarius, but the Gresleys soon lost it. 

Clifton. 

Occurs in vii, but has not been certainly identified. 

Colton. 

(Staff. : 12 m. W. of Drakelowe.) Large estates in Colton came to the 
Gresleys from the De Wasteneys, see p. 49 : it occurs in ix, xi-xviii, 
Newland being a part of it. 

Colveley. 

Occurs in vi, but has not been certainly iilentified. 

Colwich. 

(Staff. : 14 m. W. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in xvi-xvii. See Haywood, 
and Morton in Colwich. 

Ccssingtcn. 

(Lcic. : near Mount Sorrel.) Occurs in iv. 

Coton. 

There are five Colons in Staffordshire and at least one in each of 
Leicestershire and Derbyshire. The one in which tlie Gresleys held 
land in vii, xiii, xvi-xviii is perhaps Coton in the Elms, three miles 
S. of Drakelowe. 



igS The Gresleys of Drakeloive 

App_B. Coventry. 

(Warwickshire.) Occurs in xi. 

Croxall. 
(Derb. : 4^ m. SW. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in vi and xvii. 

Darlaston. 
(Staff. : 24 m. NW. by W. of Drakelowe.) This manor, held at the 
time of the Domesday Survey by the Abbey of St. Mary at Burton, 
soon came into the hands of Orm le Gulden, and with his grand- 
daughter Alina to Engenulph de Gresley : but some land there was 
granted by the Abbot of Burton to Robert de Gresley (ii), which however 
is not mentioned in deeds after his time. 

Dcnisthorp (Durandesthorp). 
(Derby, and Leic. : 6 m. SE. of Drakelowe, chiefly in a detached piece 
of Derbyshire.) A manor held by Nigel de Stafford in 1086, and 
retained by the Gresleys. It occurs in vi, vii, xv-xvii. 

Drakelowe. 

(Derb. : 2 m. S. of Burton on Trent.) This is mentioned first among 
the manors held by Nigel de Stafford at the time of the Domesday 
Survey (1086), and is still the seat of his lineal descendant in an unbroken 
male line, Sir Robert Gresley. In about 1093 it was depopulated by an 

* See p. 23. epidemic disease '* and the village of Gresley received what was left of 

its inhabitants. For a century after this catastrophe there is no mention 
of Drakelowe, except a note of the ford there over the Trent in an early 

* Salt Soc. V. Burton charter'' and mentions in Pipe Rolls of 1170-89. In 1185 
*• 47- annexed to the town and church of Stapenhill granted to Burton 
' ^^^:. ^^'■''- abbey were the chapels and tithes of Drakelowe ", Heathcote, &c. Then 
"^f *'sh"' '''^' '" ^^°^ ^'^ ^"^ '' ^^ ^^'^ ^^ William de Gresley under the Earl of 
Staffordshire Ferrers and Derby, and it has been in the tenure of the family ever 
i. 3. since. The statement on p. 191 that Johanna de Gresley received the 

manor of Drakelowe from Walter de Brinkburn (' Bynkeburn ') must 
seemingly refer to some formal transfer, as from a trustee, since her 
husband and father-in-law had held it. It occurs in deeds of iii, iv, 
vi-ix, xi, xiv-xviii. See chapter viii. 

There are other Drakelowes :— (i) in Cheshire, a manor in the Lord- 
ship of Rudheath, anciently in the possession of the Pages of Eardshaw, 
later held by the Delves, Prescots and Shakerleys : (2) in Nottingham- 
shire, three miles SE. of Bawtry on a Roman road, near which occurs 
also the name of Drakeholes. 

Drointon (Dregetone). 
(Staff. : 14 m. WNW. of Drakelowe.) This manor was held by Nigel 
in 1086 from the Bishop of Chester : but does not appear in the hands 
of the Gresleys. 

Edingale. 

(Staff. : 5 m. S. by W. of Drakelowe.) This manor came into the 

possession of Sir Robert Gresley, Knight, of Edingale, son of Sir Peter 



Manors and Possessions of the Family igg 

(vii), in about the middle of the fourteenth century : but the main line of 
the Greslej's held land there in xv6-xvii. 

Eggintcn. 

(Derb. : 5} m. NNE. of Drakelovve.) Occurs in vii. 

Ercall Magna. 

(Shropshire.) Occurs in vi. 

Erendesby. S« Arnesby. 

Essebi. See Ashby Parva. 

Foremark. 

(Derb.: 7 m. NE. of Drakelowe.) A manor of Nigel de Stafford 
in 1086. This was soon lost by the Gresleys, and was granted by the 
Ferrers to the Vcrduns. The Burdets however by intermarriage (see 
p. o) renewed the Gresley interest in the village. 

Gresley (Church and Castle). 

(Derb.: 3-4 m. WSW. and SW. of Drakelowe.) See Appendix A. 

From the Domesday Survey and a deed of the first Gresley we know 

that Nigel de Stafford held land here (in Heathcote): it occurs also in 

i, iv, vi-ix, xi, xii, xiv-xviii. 

Handford (Hcncford). 
(Staff. : 22 m. WWW. of Drakelowe.) Held in 1086 by ' Nigel' from 
Ricardus Forcstarius, but lost by the Gresleys. 

Haywood, Little. 
(Staff. : 14^ m. W. of Drakelowe.) This is close to Colwich, and 
occurs in xvi. 

Heathcote. 
(Derb. : 3 m. ESE. of Drakelowe, in the parish of Church Gresley.) 
This place, wliich formed part of the manor of Drakelowe in 1086, 
cannot be identified with any place except the one now represented 
by a farm-house called Heathcote House, which exhibits traces of 
old building and lies on the high-road between Castle Gresley and 
Swadlincote about a mile from the former. This was probably the 
piece of land in Gresley which Nigel de Stafford held, see above. It 
occurs in deeds of vi, vii, ix. 

Heather. 
(Leic. : 11 m. SE. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in ii. 

Hixon (Hustedone, Huxedon). 
(Staff.: 15 m. W. by N. of Drakelowe.) ' Nigel' held tiiis manor of 
Picot in 1086, and Picot of the Bishop of Chester. This was retained 
by the Gresleys and appears in iii, iv, vi-viii, xvrt, xvi-xvii. 



The Gresleys of Drakeloim 



Hurst. 

Occurs in vii, but has not been certainly identified. 

Ingleby. 

(Derb. : 8 in. NE. of Drakelowe, on tlie Trent.) A soke of Nigel de 
Stafford in 1086. This was very early lost by the Gresleys, and does 
not recur in connexion with them. 

Kingsley (Chingesleia). 

(Staff. : 23 m. N W. of Drakelowe.) ' Nigel ' held four hides there, three 
of Robert de Buci, who held them of Ralph fitz-Hubert, and one in capite. 
The Gresleys appear to have lost these, but Robert de Gresley (ii) 
certainly had two bovates there, which he parted with by exchange to 
his brother Engenulph. See p. 25. 

Kingston. 

(Staff. : 12J m. NW. of Drakelowe.) This occurs in iii, v-ix, xiii, -xv-xvii. 

Knighton. 
(Staff. : probably near Eccleshall.) Occurs in viii. 

Knypersley. 

(Staff. : near Biddulph, about 32 m. NW. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in 
xi and perliaps xv6; property there came to the Gresleys in the 
eighteenth century. 

Lambtcn (Lamberton). 

Occurs in xi, xv a, xvii, but has not been certainly identified. 

Leeshill. 

(Staff. : 13! m. NW. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in xvi-xvii : the same as 
Loxhill ? 

Linton. 

(Derb. : 3 m. SE. of Drakelowe.) ' Nigel ' held one carucate of Henry 
de Ferrers in Linton, in 1086: and this appears, though recorded under 
Leicestershire, to be the Derbyshire Linton, and to have long continued, 
with augmentation, in the Gresley family, for it occurs in i, hi, v-ix, xi, 
XV a-xviii. 

Loxhill. See Leeshill. 

Loxley. 

(Staff. : 14 m. N W. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in xvi and xvii. 

LuUington. 
(Derb. : 4^ m. S. by E. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in ii-ix, xi, xii, 



Manors and Possessions of the Family 201 

Mavesyn Ridware. 
(Staff. : 10 m. WSW. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in xi and xvi. 

Morton in Colwich. 

(Staff. : 14 m. W. by N. of Drakelowe.) A manor held in 1086 by 

'Nigel' from the Bishop of Chester. It is doubtful whether this was 

ever out of the possession of the Gresleys till it was sold in the 

seventeenth century. It occurs in ii, iv, vi-ix, xi, xiv-xviii. 

Morten in Gnosall. 
(Staff. : 27 m. W. of Drakelowe.) ' Nigel ' held one hide there, but this 
was lost by the Gresleys. 

Newington. 
(Kent.) Occurs in xvii. 

Newland. Sec Colton. 

North wich. 

(Cheshire.) Occurs in xii. 

Norton near Twycross. 

(Leic. : 9 m. SE. of Drakelowe.) This appears to be the church which 
Nigel de Stafford granted to St. Alban's, see p. 19. In 1086 it was 
probably included in Twycross. It occurs in iv, v, vii, ix-xi, xvd-xvii. 

Oakthorp. 

(Derb. : 7 m. SE. of Drakelowe, in a detached piece of the county.) 
A manor held by Nigel de Stafford in 1086 : retained by the Gresleys. 
It occurs in vi, xi, xva, xvA, xvi. 

Osgathorp. 

(Leic. : 12 m. E. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in ix, x, xv a, xv b. 

Ravenston. 

(Leic. : 11 m. ESE. of Drakelowe.) A manor held by Nigel de Stafford 
in 1086 : retained by the Gresleys at first, but given to Ralph son of 
William fitz-Nigel de Gresley, who gave part of it to the Hospital of 
St. John of Jerusalem at Clerkenwell. 

Repton. 
(Derb. : 5J m. NE. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in xiii and xvii. 

Ridware, Mavesyn. Sec Mavesyn Ridware. 

Rosliston. 

(Derb. : 2} m. S. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in vii, xiii, xvi-xviii. 



Afp. B. 



The Gresleys of Drakelozve 



Rugeley, 
(Staff. : 12 m. W. by S. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in ix. 

Scopston. See Svvepstone. 

Scotsley. 

(Staff. : unidentified.) Held by ' Nigel ' in 1086 from the Bishop of 
Chester: but Eyton thinlcs that the name has disappeared and cannot be 
identified, though it was probably near Colwich. It is conceivably an 
error for Loxley. 

Seatcn. 

(Yorksh. : near Hornsea.) Occurs in i.x, xi, xiv-xv b. 

Seile (Over Seile and Nether Seilc). 

(Leic. : 4^ m. SE. and 5 m. SSE. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in vi, xi, xvi- 
xviii. 

Smisby. 

(Derb. : 7 m. E. by S. of Drakelowe.) A manor held by Nigel de 
Stafford in 1086, but soon after parted with by the Gresleys. 

Snareston. 
(Leic. : 9 m. SE. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in xiii and xva. 

Spaldirgmore. 
(Yorksh.: near Howden.) Occurs in ix, xi, xiv-xv 6. 

Stapenhill. 

(Derb. : 1?; m. NE. of Drakelowe.) This was a double manor, partly 
held by Nigel de Stafford in 1086, and partly by the Abbot of Burton. 
The Gresleys appear to have lost their interest in it soon after tliat 
date : but there are evidences that xi, xiv, xv b, xvi, and xvii had land 
there. 

Swadlincote. 

(Derb. : 4 m. E. of Drakelowe.) A manor belonging to Nigel de 
Stafford in 1086, retained and held in demesne by the Gresleys 
throughout. Part was granted in exchange by Robert de Gresley to 
his brother Engcnulph. It occurs in deeds of ii, iii, vi, vii, ix, xi, xv a, 
xvii. It is now a village of coal miners. 

Swannington. 

(Leic. : iii m. E. by S. of Drakelowe.) In the Testa de Nevill it is 

recorded that William le Bretun held land there from William de Gresley 

(v), and he of the Earl of Derby. This small property does not seem to 

be elsewhere mentioned. 



Manors and Possessions of the Family 203 



Swepstcne (Scopston). 
(Leic. : lo m. SE. by E. of Drakelowe.) In 1086 'Nigel' held ten 
carucates here : but no part of the land appears to have descended to 
the Gresleys. 

Tamhorn. 

(Staff. : 9^ m. SSW. of Drakelowe.) This was a member belonging to 
the manor of Lichfield, and held in 1086 by ' Nigel ' from the Bishop of 
Chester. It occurs in ii and vi. 

Thirlby. 
(Lincolnshire.) Occurs in xv 6. 

Thorp Constantine (Torp). 
(Staff.: 3^ m. SSW. of Drakelowe.) A manor held in capite by 
'Nigel' in 1086. The Gresleys lost this manor, and it passed to the 
family of Constantine. 

Thursfield (Turvoldesfeld). 
(Staff. : 32 m. NW. of Drakelowe.) This manor was held of Ricardus 
Forestarius by ' Nigel,' and perhaps came to Engenulph de Grcslcy, for 
Henry iii confirmed it to Henry de Verdun son-in-law of Engenulph, 
and it passed away from the Gresleys. 

Ticknall. 
(Dcrb. : 7^ m. ENE. of Drakelowe.) A soke held by Nigel de Stafford 
in 1086, but soon parted with by the Gresleys, and shared between the 
Earls of Ferrers and the Abbot of Burton. 

Toft. 

(Norf. : either Toft Trees or West Toft.) Occurs in vii. 

Trangesby. 
(Derb. : unidentified.) A manor held by Nigel de Stafford in 1086, but 
the name seems to have wholly died out, and the place cannot now be 
identified. 

Tutbury. 
(Staff. : 5^ m. NNW. of Drakelowe.) This was the chief seat of the 
Ferrers in early times. The Gresleys held property there in iii, xi, 
xvrt-xvii, and if Tutbury Woodhouse be the same land, in v also. 

Twy cross. 

(Leic: 11 m. SE. of Drakelowe.) 'Nigel' held six carucates in 
Twycross in 1086, from Henry de Ferrers. Probably these are 
represented in alter times by Norton juxta Twycross, and Bilstonc, 
which see. 



204 The Gresleys of Drakclozvc 

Uftcn in South Winfield (Uffenton), 
(Derb. : 22 m. NNE. of Drakelowe.) This manor was held by ' Nigel ' 
of Ralph fitz-Hubert: but the elder line at least of the Gresleys retained 
none of the lands so held. 

Ulselei. See Wolseley. 
Walton on Trent. 
(Staff. : 2 m. SW. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in xi, xvA-xvii. 

Wetley. 

(Staff. : near Cheadle.) Occurs in iii. 

Whitmore (Witemore). 

(Staff. : 32 m. WNW. of Drakelowe.) In 1086 'Nigel ' held Whitmore 
under Ricardus Forestarius (Richard Chenvin, chief Forester of 

Cannock), but the Gresleys soon lost this. 

Windesers. Sec Winshill. 
Winshill (Windesers ?). 
(Derb. : 3 m. NNE. of Drakelowe.) Nigel in 1086 held six carucates 
from Henry de Ferrers in Windesers, which is recorded under Leicester- 
shire, but is probably Winshill in Derbyshire : see Linton. Winshill is 
recorded as part of the Gresley property in the time of the first Gresley 
(William, i), but not afterwards. 

Wolseley (Ulselei), 
(Staff. : i3i m. W. of Drakelowe.) This manor was held in 1086 by 
' Nigel ' from the Bishop of Chester : and was retained by the Gresleys, 
occurring in ii, vi, ix, xvii. 

Wclverhampton. 

(Staffordshire.) Occurs in viii. 

Woodhouse. See Tutbury. 

Ws^veley. 

Occurs in vii, but has not been certainly identified. 

Yoxall. 

(Staff. : 6 m. W. by S. of Drakelowe.) Occurs in xi and xiv. 



APPENDIX C 

THE GRESLEY ARMS, SEALS, CREST, AND MOTTO. 

Arms and Seals. 

The Gresley arms are Fm'rc criuiiie and gules, and there can be 
little doubt that they are derived from the arms of the Ferrers 
family, which were Vaire or and gules. It was not uncommon 
in the thirteenth century for tenants to adopt on some fitting 
occasion the arms of their feudal lords, but with a slight difference 
for distinction's sake, such as a change of tincture or an added 
bordure. A curious example of arms passing with differences 
through the families of Luttrell, Furnival, Eccleshall and Clarell 
may be seen in Hunter's South Yorkshire (1831) ii. 52. 

Armorial bearings may be said to have come into ordinary use 
in the last quarter of the twelfth century, and we may surmise 
that, some years after the Ferrers exempted William de Gresley 
from all but a nominal service in respect of Drakelowe in about 
A. D. 1200, the latter assumed by permission the Ferrers arms 
with a change of tincture. 

The actual evidence about the arms is as follows : — the earliest 
Gresley seal, as has been noticed at p. 28, is one of Ralph de 
Gresley, uncle of the William just mentioned, of which a facsimile 
is given by Jeayes on the plate opposite p. 25 of the Gresley 
Charters, bearing the number 4. On this there is no trace of 
armorial bearings. The second seal is one of William himself, stated 
to be ' early thirteenth century,' also without arms (see p. 32). But 
on the seal of his son Geoffrey, of about 1240 at latest, occur 
the arms Vaire ermine and gules, which is their first occurrence : pianche : 
and this date is also that of the first recorded instance of the Joum. of 
Ferrers arms ■''. A facsimile of a poor impression of the seal Assn. viJ 
is given by Jeayes (plate opposite p. 83, no. 40 A). So too the (1852). 22c 



2o6 The Gresleys of Drakelozve 

App. C. seal of Geoffrey's son William, about 1240-50, is almost identical 
with his father's (Brit. Mus. Add. Ch. 21491; Birch, Brit. Mus. 
Seals 10243), although during his father's lifetime he only bore 
a fleur-de-lys on his seal (Jeayes, as above, no. 40 B). These 
evidences sufficiently establish the coat in the first half of the 
thirteenth century. 

The testimony may be carried on by means of seals and written 
records. Sir Geoffrey de Gresley, who died in 1305 or 1306, 
bore the same arms on his seal (Jeayes, as above, no. 103): and 
the two Rolls of Arms of about 1295, printed in the Archaologia 
xxxix. 412, 433, testify that Sir Geoffrey bore ' Vairy ermine and 
gules 'or 'gules and ermine.' And in 1315 the Parliament Roll, 
printed from Brit. Mus. MS. Cotton Calig. A. 18 in Parliamentary 
Writs (Record Office Publication) i. 411, states that 'Sire Peres de 
Gresle' bore 'verree de goules e de ermyne.' After this the 
witness of rolls of arms becomes so frequent and uniform that 
it need not be quoted. 

After the De Wasteneys connexion in the second half of the 

fourteenth century, the arms of the head of the family became : — 

" Staff. Visitn. Quarterly'' ist and 4th Vaire ermine and gules, for Gresley: 

'^ ^' 2nd and 3rd sable a lion rampant argent collared gules, for 

IVastcueys. Shortly after the baronetcy was conferred, when 

Colton had been sold in about 1609, the Wasteneys arms dropped 

out, so that the original Gresley arms are still the authorized ones, 

with the addition in the case of the head of the family of the badge 

cLincVisitn. of Ulster. 

of 1592, ad- 
ditions, as pr. The variations have been slight and unimportant. Occasionally 
the coat has been blazoned gules and ermine instead of ermine 
and gules. The Lincolnshire Gresleys blazoned the ermine as 
" Erit. Mus. ' argent guttee de poix <= ' which means the same. 

MS. Cotton 

Calig. C. 5, 

lol. 59 : 

printed In L-REST. 

Glover's 

DerbysJiiie \. The family crest is a Lion passant ermine, armed langed and 

p! 6i. '^^^' collared gules. The earliest occurrence that I have noted is in 

e S.-ilt Soc. iii. 1513) vvhere in a list of Captains'' engaging in the foreign 

2. 85 ^with campaign of that year occurs ' Sir Will. Gresley bayreth assure 

plate) :see ti . j j ij>i i. 

also Brit. a Lyon sylver passant and gowrdes gold. In some later cases 

Mus. MS. however the lion is statant and ermine, as in the Staffordshire 

foL 14. ' Visitation of 1583'', where some MSS. even exhibit a lion's head 

' In a paper couped argent, collared gules. In about a.d. 1700, Gregory 

tuwe"'"^" ^'"2*^1 Lancaster Herald, criticizing the proposed monument of 



the Genea- 
logist, OS. 



The Gresley Arms, Seals, Crest, and Motto 207 

Sir William Gresley who died in 1699, writes 'As to the Crest 
of Gresley, I find it in one book onely to be a lion passant argent, 
the tail extended. But all the other books are' a lion statant 
ermine collared gules: but the testimony of the military list of 
1513 inclines the balance in favour of the lion passant, while 
the tincture may be pronounced to be ermine. 

Motto. 

The motto is 'Meliore fide quam fortuna* ('With better fealty 
than fortune'), but I have not noticed any occurrence of it earlier 
than the eighteenth century. 



APPENDIX D 

THE GRELLYS, BARONS OF MANCHESTER, AND 
OTHER FAMILIES OF SIMILAR NAME BUT UN- 
CONNECTED WITH THE GRESLEYS 

i. The Grellys, Barons of Manchester. 

This family is commonly in some way interwoven with the early 
Gresleys, with whom it has in reality no kind of connexion. In 
general the original records keep the forms Grelly, Grailli, Greilli 
or occasionally Gresle or Greslet for this branch, and only on 
a very few occasions spell it as Gresley. A short account of the 
Grell^'s is however necessary, to enable readers to distinguish 
clearly between the two families. 

The chief authorities for the Grellys are : — W. R. Whatton 
in the Manchester Literary Society's Transactions, N. S., iv. (1824), 
p. 473 sqq., Dugdale's Baronage, i. 608, Baine's Lancashire, ed 
Croston, ii (1889) 27-9, Blore's Rutland 99, Harland's Man- 
f/«'5A';- (Chetham Soc. liii, Ivi). Collectanea Topographica, vii. 17-18, 
S. Hibbert's History of the Foundations in Manchester, vol.2 (1834) 
p. 217 : to which the reader is referred for a fuller account. 
The arms of the family were, Gules three bendlets enhanced or. 
The first of the name who occurs in records is Albert de Grelly 
who is found in the Domesday Survey of 1086 as owning land 

»Cheth.Soc. in Lancashire, and occurs also in 1094. Two sons of him are 

X. 50, cf. 40. recorded, Robert and Alan \ 

fafwhethe'?'' Robert (first Baron Grelle and Lord of Manchester'?) is not 

Robert or his infrequently confused with the Robert de Gresley of p. 29. He 

fi°stBaronl3 ^^^ '''^^ founder of Swineshead Abbey in Lincolnshire in a.d. 

Tenure and II34, and appears to have had, by his wife Beatrix, a younger 

Lord of Man- ^^ Bernard « as well as Albert. 

Chester. . . 

c Yt_o\\s, ser Robert's son Albert, second Baron Grelly, generally distm- 

Ixxix. 258. guished from his son as 'senex,' married Agnes daughter of 



The Grellys, &c. 209 



William Fitz-Nigel, Baron of Halton in Cheshire. In the Life of App^d. 

St. IVaiiam of Norwich by Thomas of Monmouth (published in 

1896) there is a chapter ' De Niso Albert! Gressle mire curato,' 

in which Albert is described ^ as having cured the sickness of * p. 258. 

his favourite falcon in a.d. 1154 by praying to St. William, and 

as having gone with his father, to fulfil his vow of an annual 

offering, to Norwich, where the author of the Life spoke with them 

both. Albert must have died before 11 74, when his heir Albert 

was in the King's custody and 11 years old. Of his three 

daughters, Emma married Orme the son of Ailward, and Amabel 

was the wife of Geoffrey Trezgoz. It is possible that the third 

daughter was the Barbara who occurs in an inexplicable pedigree 

of the Quadrings, to be found in E. Oldfield's Wainflcet (Lond. 

1829), p. 217, and in Visitations of Lincolnshire in the Genealogist, 

Old Series, iv. 269, vi. 277. This Barbara or Berseba is the 

daughter of 'Sir Robert Grisley Knight,' and seems to be of 

about the date 1230-50 : she is recorded to have married Hamon 

son of Geoffrey Quadring, and had a son James. If this Barbara 

be a Gresley and not a Grelly, I cannot place her in any known 

pedigree. On the other hand some authorities give the name 

of Albert's third daughter as Edith, and state that she married 

Gilbert de Nocton. 

Albert the third Baron (' Juvenis ') was born about 1 162 or 11 63, 
and married Isabel Basset, but died before 1183, leaving a son, 

Robert, fourth Baron, born about 1180, who married Margery 
(or Alicia) de Longchamp, and was a prominent member of the 
Barons' party in 1214-5 at Stamford «, occurring also as a witness ° Matth. Paris 
to the confirmation of Magna Charta by Henry III, on Feb. 11, (r.'^s? ivii?ii. 
1224. He died in about 1230, and was succeeded by his son, 585 \ Roger 

Thomas (fifth Baron), who was also a person of mark, and in (r_ s_ xxxiv) 
1258-9 was made Warden of the King's Forests south of the Trent. "-114. cf. 170- 
His wife was Christiana Ledet, and he seems to have died in 
1261, leaving three sons, Peter a Clerk in Holy Orders, Herbert 
who died without issue, and (the eldest) Robert, which last died 
in his father's lifetime, leaving a son, Cecily wL^ 

Robert (sixth Baron), grandson and heir of Thomas. He s'^ter of joim 
was born in about 1252 and in 1279-80 married Hawyse daughter of^Scotland^ 
of John de Burgh ^*, but at his death in 1283 left only a son and 1292-1314. 
daughter. The former was Thomas, seventh Baron, born about of joh^n Balbi 
1278, who died unmarried in 1347. He was summoned by writ andDervorgu- 
as a Baron to the Parliaments of 1308 and 131 1, and it was he ^D^,rham\v^^ 
who granted to the (then) little town of Manchester its great 60). 
t P 



The Gresleys of Drakelotve 



App. D. charter of 1301, under which the town was governed for several 
centuries. When he died the male line and name of Grelly died 
out, and the estates went to his sister and heir Joan, who married 
John Delawarr, Lord Delawarr. There seems, however, to have 
' Eodl. MS. been another sister, Isabella*, who married John Gise. 
Dodsw. .XX. Among other Grellys of whom there are records are :— an 

"'*' Albertus de Grele, who was summoned to Parliament in 1324 as 

e Pari. Writs armigers in Leicestershire: a Pierre de Greilly, Vicomte de 
ii. I. 640. Benauges in 1344'^: 2i Johannes de Greilli who was 'capitalis 
MeisaTR-''!. Boiorum' (Captal de Buch) in 13651: Jehan de Grailly, Captal 
xliii) iii. 53.' de Buch, one of the original Knights of the Garter: Archibaldus de 
" Gall. Christ. Grelly 'capitanus de la Douche' (Captal de Buch) in 1377-8 J : and 
Bltre'f Rut- Others, who chiefly bore the name of John, and were of a French 
land 101. family in the thirteenth century. There is a printed ' Honourable 

r "^h"' r' q ^'^'^ • • • of Sir John de Gralhy, Capitall de Buz,' by William Wyrley 
ii.°r. 48a (Lond. 1592, 40), cf. Bodl. MS. Ashm. 1106, fol. 461. 

ii. The Greasleys of Greasley, co. Notts. 

The village of Greasley in Nottinghamshire, about 23 miles 
NE. by N. of the Derbyshire Gresley, contained not only a Castle 
but also a Priory called Beauvale : and references to a supposed 
'Chartulary of Gresley' are in reality either to a British Museum 
MS. acquired in 1814, or to a few excerpts in the College of 
Arms MS. Vincent 31, pp. 173-6: and both refer to Beauvale 
Priory, sometimes called Greasley. 

Of the family which took its name from Greasley the following 
is a short account, the chief authorities being Thoroton's Notting- 
hamshire (1790) ii. 239-41, Dugdale's Monasticon (ed. Ellis) vi. 13, 
and Lipscomb's Buckinghamshire i. 175-6: — 

Ralph, in the time of William the Conqueror, had a son 
Richard : and he had a son Hugh Fitz-Richard, whose son William 
(occ. 1 140) first bore the name of Greasley. His wife's name is not 
recorded, but his son was Ralph de Greasley who married Isabella 
(or Agnes) an heiress of the family of Muscamp, and was lord 
of Greasley and Selston as well as, in right of his wife, lord of 
Muscamp in Nottinghamshire. He probably died in 1228. Their 
daughter was undoubtedly Agnes, who married Hugh Fitz-Ralph 
in about a.d. 1215, and from whom the husband assumed the 
name of Greasley. There is some evidence that she had first 
in about 1210 married Robertus Lupus. The children of Hugh 
(who seems to have died in 1260) and Agnes were certainly Ralph 



The Grellys, &c. 



and perhaps Hugh. With Ralph's daughter Eustachia the male App- D. 
line of de Greasley failed for the second time and final!}'. 
Eustachia may have had a sister Idonea, but if so, the latter 
died without issue, and Eustachia became sole heiress. She 
married firstly William de Cantelupe and had a son William 
born in about 1292. William's son Nicholas, Eustachia's grand- 
son, succeeded to Greasley Castle in or before 1334, founded 
Beauvale Priory in 1343, and died in 1355. Eustachia's second 
husband (before 1290) was William de Ross of Ingmanthorp, and 
she had issue by him also. 

The following persons or families which have come to my notice 
in searching records are probably not Gresleys but Greasleys : — 

1396. William de Gressely ^ of Nottingham. ' Stevenson's 

1605-13. There is a William ' Gresley ' of Oldcote in Nottinghamshire '. Records of 
17th cent. We find Greislej's, Greseleys or Greasleys in Warwick ^882"^^ ^^12 
(Thomas, Cicely, Edward), Rownall (Richard, Ralph), and London , ' 

(William, Mary, Kathcrine, Abigail, Sarah, Ann, Elizabeth, John, Ms^Add" " 
Henry, Ellen, Joseph, Susannah, Hannah). At Codsall in Staffordshire 6668, foil. 90- 
there was a William Greasley who in 1668 married Elizabeth (Knight), 92. 
and was a benefactor to the poor of Codsall. He died in 1705 and left 
a son and daughter William and Dorothy who died young, and another 
daughter Elizabeth, who married Richard AUsop and had issue. 

i8th cent. There was a family of Greasley " at Barrow on Soar and " Nichols, 
Mount Sorrel in Leicestershire. A Thomas Greasley, who married Le.'<^ 
Elizabeth and died in 1717, had a son Thomas (who married Elizabeth 
ttee Mason, and died in 1738, leaving an only daughter Lucretia [?] who 
died in 1795) and two daughters, Mary who married Thomas Hall and 
died in 1722, and Phcebe, who married George English and died in 1766, 
leaving nine children. A Humphrey Greasley™ of Barrow on Soar 
in 1630 was probably of this family; and a Thomas Greasley'", who 
married Anne and died in 1765, leaving a daughter Sophia. 

There was also a considerable family in the parish of All Saints" at « Parish 
Derby, in which the following names occur : — John, Dorothy, Anne, Registers. 
Henry, Mary, William, Ralph, Elizabeth, Esther, Catharine, Patience, 
Thomas, Joseph, Arabella, Lydia, Charles, Francis, James, Hannah. „ Ashbourne 
Also a John Greasley " of Broughton married Hannah Dordin at Ash- Register, 
bourne in Derbyshire in 1736. In Lichfield a Mary Greasley p married p Cathedral 
James Finch in the Cathedral on March 7, 1769. In 1794 a Gabriel Register. 
Greasley 'I occurs at Leicester. q Weston's 

1826-56. The Whitwick Registers show a family of Greasleys at Leicester 
Thringstone in Leicestershire. The names are Thomas, Mary, Laurence, Directory, 
James, John, Elizabeth, Sarah, Ann and William. A George Greasley 
just escaped from the fatal fire at Whitwick Colliery on April 19, 1898. Register 



76, 
91,92,99. 



A William Greasley was married on Oct. 18, at Duffield"" in , 



Leicester 



Derbyshire. Journal, Dec. 

1856. A Francis Greasley" occurs at Kegworth in Leicestershire. la, 1856. 



APPENDIX E 

ACCOUNT OF THE AUTHORITIES OF WHICH USE 
HAS BEEN MADE— THE GRESLEY CHARTULARY, 
THE MUNIMENTS AT DRAKELOWE, THE PAPERS 
OF THE REV. JOHN MOREWOOD GRESLEY, ETC. 

A. 
The Gresley Chartulary. 

A FAMILY Chartulary is not a common thing. In the case of 
Monasteries, almost every house which possessed any considerable 
amount of property found it convenient to have a copy of its 
charters enrolled in a single large volume, both for facility of 
reference, and for safety : at the same time the original charters 
were preserved with care as providing the testimony which would 
be accepted in a court of law. However the chances of fire and 
other accidents tended to destroy the originals, so that in very 
many cases the Chartulary alone survives to form the primary 
authority for the history of the property of the House. But it 
was different with private families : the natural devolution of the 
mansion and its contents from father to son, the private nature 
of the proceedings, and even the methods by which property 
was acquired and transmitted excited less jealousy in others, and 
fewer questionings of right and claim, than when a religious house 
accepted property from some benefactor who strove to e.xpiate 
former sins by a testamentary bequest. There was therefore less 
obvious need for a formal register and transcript of family 



The Gresley Chartulary 213 

charters, and hardly more than a score of them are known to exist App. E. 
in England. 

The Gresley Chartulary is contained in a small folio volume 
lettered 'Visitation of Lancashire. Smith,' and numbered 6719, 
on Shelf L. c. 2. 16, in the Chetham Library at Manchester. The 
volume really includes (i) a copy by William Smith (Rouge 
Dragon), made in about a.d. 1600, of Flower's Visitation of Lanca- 
shire in 1567, (2) the Gresley Chartulary, (3) Trickings of Cheshire 
Arms by William Smith. The Chartulary is quite distinct from 
the rest, and is in a hand which has been identified by the Rev. 
J. M. Gresley with that of British Museum MS. Harleian 6592, 
which was written by William Wyrley, a friend of the Sir Thomas 
Gresley who died in 1610. The handwriting is apparently of the 
last quarter of the sixteenth century, and the whole chartulary 
occupies 34 leaves or, as the references will be to pages, 68 pages, 
of a poor kind of paper. About 331 deeds were copied or (more 
usually) abstracted, ranging from the eleventh to the sixteenth 
century, with some pedigrees and 128 sketches of seals and coats 
of arms. The pedigree on p. 5 ends with the marriage of Thomas 
Gresley and Katherine (Walsingham) which must have been in 
about 1576, but entries on p. 3, apparently in W'yrley's hand, 
cannot have been before a.d. 1600. 

The Chartulary was not noticed, it would seem, from the time 
of its composition until Dr. Samuel Pegge^ (who died in 1796) » shaw's 
copied it. After him a Colonel Chadwicki- had it copied, and Staffordshire 
the Chadwick copy was collated with the original by Samuel Pipe ^ Nichols' 
Wolferstan, Esq. in i8or. Nichols also freely used the informa- Leicester- 
tion contained in it in his great History of Leicestershire, 1795- p'gg,"'" ^' 
1815. After that the book again dropped out of sight, so much 
so that when the Rev. J. M. Gresley applied to see it in 1848 
the Chetham Librarian could not find it. The visitor, however, 
was able himself to afford a clue, and the right volume was 
unearthed. In the following year it was very carefully copied 
for him by Mr. Richard Sims of the British Museum. A detailed 
account of the MS. with extracts was contributed by Mr. John 
Harland to the Manchester Guardian of July 28, 1849, and the 
same gentleman printed three articles on it, including pedigrees 
and abstracts in English of a selection of the deeds, in the 
Reliquary^ of 1865-6. In this the selected deeds are numbered 
from I to 87, and the pedigrees from i to iv. Many of the deeds 
do not directly concern the Gresleys, but relate to the history of 
property acquired by them. 



Vol. vi. pp 
29, 79< 139- 



214 TJie Greslcys of Drakelozve 

App. E. The following is a table of the contents of the book, especially 

of the charters which are either noticed in Harland's Selection (H.) 
or can be identified with existing Drakelowe Muniments as cata- 
logued by Jeayes (J.). Such as are only represented by numbers 
(i), (2), Sic, are undated deeds or abstracts of deeds. 
Chartulary. 

PAGE 

1. Scribbling. 

2. Blank. 

3. Notes. 

4. Notes of arms. 

5. Pedigrees (H. ped. i). 

6. Pedigrees (H. ped. ii). 

7. (I) H. p. 37, (2) H. ped. iii, (3) H. p. 36;/. 
S. Pedigree (H. ped. iv). 

9. (I), (2), (3) J. 37. (4) 1277, (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), (10). 

10. Blank. 

11. (I). 

12. (I). 

13. Pedigree. 

14. Extract from Matthew Paris. 

1.5. (i) H. I, (2) H. 2, (3) H. 3, J. 4, (4) H. 4=28. 

16. (I) H. 5, J. 6, (2) H. 6, J. 7, (3) H. 7, J. 3 ?, (4). 

17. (I) H. 8, (2) 1198, J. 29, (3) J. 64, (4) J- 18. (5) J- 57, (6), (7). 

18. (I), (2), (3). (4) J. 62?, (5), (6), (7) H. 9, (8) H. 10=29, J. 103 ?. 

19. (I) H. II, J. 147, (2) H. 12, J. 76, (3) cf. J. 52, (4) H. 13, J. 152?, (5), 

(6) cf. J. 105. 

20. (i),(2) H. 14, (3) 1265-6, H. 37- (4), (5) H. 16, (6) H. 17, (7) H. 17, (8), 

(9) 1268, H. 38. 

21. (I) H. 18, (2), (3) J. 49, (4), (5), (6) J. 10, (7). 

22. (I), (2), (3), (4), (5) H. 19, (6) H. 20, J. 2, (7). 

23. (I) J. 34, (2), (3), (4I, (5)- 

24. (I) c. 1221, J. 43, (2) 1261, (3) 1307-8, (4) 1340, (5), (6), (7), (8), (9). 

25. (I), (2), (3) 1345, J. 268. (4). (5), (6), (7), (8), (9j. 

26. (I), (2) 1273 ?, J. 123, (3), (4), (5)- (6), (7). (8). 

27. (I), (2), (3), (4) H. 21,(5) H. 22, (6). 

28. (I), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9) H. 23, (10) H. 24. 

29. (I) H. 25, (2) H. 26, J. 40, (3) H. 27, (4) H. 28=4. 

80. (I) H. 29=10, (2) H. 30, (3) H. 31, (4) H. 32, (5) H. 33, (6) H. 34 
=J- 36. 

31. (I) 1297, H. 47, (2) 1291, H. 41, (3), (4) 1281, H. 40, (5) 1328, H. 55, 

(6) 1324-5?, H. 54?. 

32. (I), (2), (3), (4), (5) 1292-3, J. 141, (6) 1272, H. 39. J- loi, (7) H. 46, 

(8) 1298, H. 48, (9) H. 42, (10), (II). 

33. (I) 1292, H. 43. (2), (3), (4), (5) 1294. H. 45> (6), (7). (8), (9)- 

34. (1) 1298, H. 49, (2) 1279, J. 126, (3) 1292, H. 44, (4), (5), (6j, (7), (8), (9). 

35. (I), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7). 

36. (I), (2), (3), (4) 1324-5, H. 54. f5), (6). 

37. (I), (2) H. 53, J. 185, (3), (4) 1309-10, H. 51, (6), (7), (8). 



TJie Grcsley Chartidary 215 



38. (I), (2) 1310-11, H. 52, (3), (4) 1262, H.36, (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), (lo), (ii). 

39. (I), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), (10), (II). 

40. (I), (2), (3), (4). (5), (6), (7), (8), (9). 

41. (I) 1372, H. 61, J. 319, (2), (3) 1353, H. 59, {4), (5) 1340, H. 58, (6), 

(7) 1357. H. 60. 

42. (I), (2), (3), (4), (5) 1337, H. 57, J. 240, (6) 1352, J. 284, (7). 

43. (I), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8) 1374, J. 327, (9), (10). 

44. (I), (2), (3) 1382, H. 62, J. 344, (4) 1382, J. 345, (5), (6), (7), (8), (9). 

45. (I), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6) 1330, H. 56. 

46. (I), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8). 

47. (I) 1394-5, H. 64, J. 358, (2), (3), (4) 1386-7, H. 63, (5), (6) 1394-5, 

H. 65, (7). 

48. (I), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7). 

49. Blank. 

60. Blank. 

61. (i) 1406-7, H. 67, (2) 1410, J. 388, (3) 1409-10, H. 68, J. 387, (4), (5) 

1406, H. 66, (6). 

52. (i), (2), (3), (4), (5) and pedigree of Oky. 

53. (I) 1420, H. 71, J. 402^ (2) H. 69, J. 376, (3) 1418, J. 401, (4). (5), 

(6) 1415-6, H. 70. 
64. (i) 1436-7, H. 74, (2), (3) 1439, J. 417, (4), (5) 1455-6, H. 75, J. 437, 
(6) 1438, H. 73. 

55. Pedigree of Montgomery. 

56. Blank. 

67. (I) 1481, J. 449, (2), (3), (4) 1481, H. 78, (5) 1462, H. 76, (6) 1478, 

H.77- 
58. (I), (2), (3). 
69. Blank. 

60. (i), and pedigree. 

61. (I) 1496-7, H. 80, (2) 1420, H. 72, J. 402", (3) 1496-7, H. 79. 

62. (1) 1533-4, Ii- 85, (2) 1518-9, H. 83, (3) 1518-9, H. 84, (4) 1534-5, 

H. 86, (5) 1510, H. 81, J. 463, (6) 1517-8, H. 82. 

63. (I) 1555-6, H. 87, J. 481. 

64. Blank. 

65. (I), (2), (3) J. 72, (4) J. 48, (5) cf J. 67, (6), (7) J. 159, (8) J. 53, (9). 

66. (1) J. 51, (2) 1316, J. 177?, (3), (4) J. 30-1, (5) 1305, H. 50, J. 165.', 

(6)J. i59,(7),(8),(9Ji305,J-i65. 

67. Blank. 

68. (I) c. 1232, J. 46. 

It appears, then, that of the 331 deeds abstracted or copied in 
the Chartulary, 59 can be directly compared with the originals 
still existing, a proportion large enough to establish the general 
authenticity of those which cannot be so compared. The authen- 
ticity of the Chartulary may in fact be regarded as above suspicion, 
but it is clear that many early and important deeds still existing 
entirely escaped the notice of the compiler of the volume. 



2i6 The Grcsleys of Drakelowe 



The Muniments at Drakelowe. 

An admirable Descriptive Catalogue of the Charters and Muni- 
ments of the Gresley Family in the possession of Sir Robert Greslcy, 
Bart., at Drakelowe, has been lately compiled by Mr. Isaac Herbert 
Jeayes, of the Department of MSS. at the British Museum, and 
published in 1895. It is a Calendar of 502 deeds ranging from 
about 1 150 to 1676, with a preface, facsimiles, and index, and 
also a description of another family Chartulary at Drakelowe, 
known as the Ridware Chartulary, which was written chiefly in 
the first quarter of the fourteenth century, and bears curious 
pen and ink drawings, one of which is reproduced by Mr. Jeayes 
opposite p. 119. A complete abstract of this valuable MS. has 
"I Stafford- been recently published by the William Salt Society'. About 
shire Loi- thirty of the Gresley deeds belong to the twelfth century, and not 
xli u 896' ° ' less than 100 to the thirteenth century. There are, however, at 
ed. by the Drakelowe a large number of additional papers relating to family 
Wrottesley. affairs of the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries, 
which were outside Mr. Jeayes' scope, and which include old 
maps of properties, rent-books, leases and the like, with a con- 
siderable number of private letters chiefly of the second half 
of the eighteenth century or later. 

With respect to Mr. Jeayes's book, the references in the text 
of the present work show of what service it has been in the 
investigation of the earlier records of the family. The following 
notes will, it is hoped, add something to the usefulness of the 
volume, and are not presented in any spirit of criticism :— 

The facsimiles have no letterpress, so that it is worth while 
to point out that the frontispiece is Charter no. i, and the facsimile 
opposite p. 3 is no. 5. On plate 2, 370 is an error for 376. 

It should be noticed that when a charter is dated by reference 
to a feast (as, on the Monday after the feast of St. Luke) the date 
supplied in square brackets by Mr. Jeayes is that of the feast, 
not of the charter. 

P. I. The Charters which are also to be found in the Gresley 
Chartulary, which sometimes preserves sketches of the seals when 
they were less injured than they are now, are 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 10, 18, 
29- 30. 3^ 34. 36, 37. 40. 43. 46. 48, 49. 51. 52?, 53- 57. 62?, 64, 
67?, 72, 76, 99, loi, 103, 105?, 123, 126, 141, 147, 152?, 159, 165, 
177?, 185, 240, ::68, 284, 319, 327, 344, 345, 358, 376, 387, 388, 



Collections of Rev. John Morezvood Grcsley 217 

401, 402*, 402°, 417, 437, 449, 463, 481. The Charters of which 
the seals are facsimiled by Mr. Jeayes are nos. 2 (two), 3, 4, 24, 
40, 50, 52 (two), 64, 74, 76 (two), 81, 83, 103, 129, 159, 174, 185, 
304, 315, 319, 345, 376. 

P. 14, no. 40. The ' Ecclesia beate Trinitatis de L[eicestre] ' 
should probably be, as Mr. Jeayes has suggested to me, 'Ecclesia 
. . . de L[a Grace Dieu] ' near Belton. The deed would then be, 
not, 'Temp. John,' but circa 1240. 

P. 41, no. 165, '1304' should be 1305. 

P. 80, no. 363. The charges were made by the Abbot against 
Sir Thomas. 

The index is not quite complete: e.g. William Burded (in 
charter 40), Nicholas de Drenketh (ch. 3), Ralph fitz Ralph de 
Montgomeri (ch. 3), Ralph fitz Ernald [ibid.), Robert fitz Ralph 
(ibid.), Humphrey de Tolca (ibid), and perhaps a few more have 
escaped it: 'p.' should precede 113 under Cardona, and 114 
under Ingwardeby: and 482' may be added under Gresley 
Priory. 



The Collections of the Rev. John Morewood Gresley. 

Mr. Gresley, who was a trained antiquary (see p. 122), seems 
to have first turned his attention to the history of the Gresley 
family in about 1845, and from at least 1847 till his death, in 1866, 
was incessantly employed in amassing copies of Gresley deeds 
of all kinds, usually making use of the skilled assistance of 
Mr. Richard Sims. At the time of his death the mass of papers 
he had accumulated was enormous, and represented a large 
expenditure of his own time and money. He had even advanced 
so far as to have almost finished a systematic series of genealogies 
with notes, to which he prefixed the title 'Stemmata Gresleiana: 
Genealogies of the Family of Gresley and their Connexions ; 
From the time of Rollo first Duke of Normandy to the Reign 
of Victoria of England,' and which still remain as a monument 
of his perseverance and acumen. It is curious, however, that no 
one of his family or friends seems to have had direct information 
from Mr. Gresley of the great work he was so long and deeply 
engaged on. No mention of it is made in the elaborate memoirs 
of his life by Mr. Jewitt and others who knew him intimately, 



App. E. 



2i8 The Grcsleys of Drakelozve 

and after his death the papers were stored at Lichfield in 
Mr. Charles Gresley's house without exciting any inquiry or 
investigation. About five years ago they were handed over to 
the Rev. N. W. Gresley as the eldest son of their deceased 
owner, and in his house at Dursley in Gloucestershire I first 
saw them in Oct. 1894. The sight of them inspired me with 
a desire to do what I could to ensure that my uncle's collections 
should not have been amassed in vain, and that some memorial 
should be raised both to his labours and also to the ancient 
family to which he devoted so many years of his life. 

The Gresley collections were in no order whatever when they 
were temporarily deposited in my hands, but now that they 
have been to some extent arranged under general classes they may 
be very briefly characterized with reference to them. The 
divisions are : — 

A. 'Stemmata Gresleiana,' pedigrees with notes in a semi- 
final form, a bound folio volume. 

B. Various notes about (ij persons, (2) deeds, (3) manors and 
possessions. A bound folio volume, unfinished. 

C. Miscellaneous notes, especially consisting of or relating to 
illustrations and facsimiles, such as were issued in the volumes 
of the Anastatic Society: a bound folio volume. 

All the divisions which follow, except u, are unbound papers. 

d. Gresley pedigrees and general accounts of the family, 
manuscript and printed. 

e. A large collection of copies of (i) Wills, (2) Monumental 
inscriptions, (3) Parish registers. 

f. De Toeni papers. 

g. A large collection of copies of papers relating to the Gresley 
family before a.d. 1500, chiefly copies of MSS. (i) in the British 
Museum, (2) in the Bodleian and College Libraries at Oxford, 
(3) in the Public Record Office, (4) Lichfield Episcopal Registers. 

h. Papers of the sixteenth century. 

i. „ „ seventeenth century. 

j. „ „ ,, „ (Sir George Gresley). 

k. „ „ eighteenth century. 

1. „ „ „ „ (Sir Nigel Gresley). 

m. ,, „ ,, „ (Sir Nigel Bowyer Gresley). 

n. „ „ nineteenth century. 

o. ,, ,, „ „ (main line). 

p. „ ,, „ „ (Nether Scile line). 

q. „ „ „ „ (Sir Roger Gresley). 



Manuscripts 219 



r. Large collections, chiefly genealogical, relating to families 
which intermarried with the Gresleys. 

s. Papers relating to Gresley Priory, Castle, and Church, in- 
cluding a minute diary of the excavations in 1861. 

t. Papers relating to Religious Houses other than Gresley 
Priory. 

u. The Gresley Chartulary, including a careful verbatim copy 
of it : a bound volume and unbound papers. 

V. Papers relating to the Grellys and Greasleys. 

D. 
Manuscripts. 

The MSS. of the British Museum, Bodleian and Oxford College 
Libraries have been searched ; and the contents of the Public 
Record Office as far as possible. 

A 'History of our Ancestors' in folio, written by Mrs. Turner 
of Broad Chalke, now owned by Miss Agnes Gresley of Barton. 
Also a similar volume in quarto. 

A small quarto book written by Francis Gresley in the early 
part of the eighteenth century, now owned by Miss Amelia 
Gresley, of Clevedon. 

A Bible printed in 1638, preserved at Drakelowe, containing 
contemporary family memoranda from 1649 to 1896. 

Seven Gresley MSS. in the William Salt Library at Stafford. 

Pedigrees and papers lent me by the late Rev. E. Elton, of 
Sherington, Newport Pagnell. 

A vellum roll of Gresley descents from Charlemagne and Alfred 
the Great (!) through Edward I (by female lines), lent me by 
R. Gresley Hall, Esq., of 60 Avenue Road, Regent's Park, 
London. 

Pegge's Derbyshire MSS. at the College of Arms, London. 



An extended search has been made in the chief printed literature 
relating to Derbyshire, Staffordshire and Leicestershire, as well 
as in general works, including periodicals, relating to British 
genealogy, heraldry and antiquities. The Record publications, 
Rolls Series, Harleian Society, Historical MSS. Commission, 
and such series have been ransacked, and a multitude of smaller 
historical and topographical books. 



PEDIGREES 



Note : — The following Pedigrees, after those of Toeni and 
Gresley, are intended primarily to exhibit those members of 
families which intermarried with the Gresleys, with whom the 
Gresleys may naturally have come in contact. For this purpose 
five generations in all, as a minimum, have been where possible 
recorded, with the Gresley connexion in the third. Extensions of 
this principle have been admitted where the families were of 
eminence or where the records are exceptionally trustworthy and 
interesting. But they are not put forward as the results of original 
research or as fully established. 



Pcdigr^ 



223 



TOENI 

(Arms : — Argent a manche gules.) 



Fed. I. 
Toeni. 



Ralph i de Toeni, =p . 
flor. abt. 1000 I 

I. Roger i de T., : 
Hispanicus : occ. 
abt. 1020, d. abt. 
1040 



Godehildis, ^2. Richard, Count of Evreux 
dau. of Raymund, 
Count of Barcelona | 



I I I 

Helbert, Ralph ii de T., 

d. abt. Senex, de Conchis : 

1040 b. abt. 1037, d. 

Helinantius, 1102 
d. abt. 
1040 



: Elizabeth, 

dau. of Simon 

de Montfort 

I'Amauri 



I 

Robert ^ Avice, 

de Stafford, I dau. of 

d. abt. 1088-9 the Earl 

I of Clare 



Adelina 
=WiIliam 
Fitz-Os- 
berne 



Nigel de Stafford, =p... 
occ. 1087" I 



» Probably 

son, possibly 

brother of 



William Fitz- Nicholas (seeped. LII) daughter, Robert de 
Nigel de nun at Stafford. 

Gresley (i) =p Elena ? Elstow 

Gresley family 
(ped. II) 



I I 

Roger ii de T., Ralph iii de T., ^pjudith, dau. 
d. unm. 1093 Juvenis, de Conchis: I ofWaltheof 
d. abt. 1 125 



Roge 



I 
Godehildis 
= I. Robert de Neu- 
burgh 
2. Baldwin, son of 
~| Eustace, Count 

bella of Boulogne 



Ida, dau. of 

Baldwin, Count 

of Hainault 



Ralph iv de T.,=p Margaret de Beaumont 

\ 

I 



Roger iv de T., =p Petronilla de Lacy 
d. 1239 I 

Roger V de T.,^ i. Alice de Bohun 
d. 1277 2. Isabella 

Clarissa 



Richard, 
d. 1252 



). abt. 1255 
1294 or 



.5 I 



Robert Baron de T., = Ma 
d. without issue 1310 



: I. Thomas de Leybourne, d. before 
1310 

2. Guy, Earl of Warwick, d. 1315 : 

see pedigree VIII 

3. (after 1315) William La Zouche 

of Mortimer. 



224 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



Ped. II. 

Gresley. 



GRESLEY 

rms: — Vaire ermine and gules.) 

WilUam fitz Nigel =j= Elena? 
de Gresley, occ. I 
1 129 : prob. dead 
in I 166 



Robert =f= Basilia 
de Gresley, 
occ. 1166- 
abt. 1183 



Engenulph^Alina, dau. 



I I 
Nigel de 

Gresley, occ. 

1171-1202? 
Henry de 

Gresley or de 

Wetmore, occ. 

abt. 1 1 77-8 



I I 

William 
de Gresley, 
deadinii63 

Ralph de 

Gresley or 
de Hethre 



daughters 



I. Robert = (?) Hawisia, ^ 2. Henry 

de Gresley, 

d. without 
issue be- 
fore 1208 



dau. of 
Hawisius 
or Hugh 

de Bur- 
stal : sur- 
vived her 
husband 



Dionysia 

= Stephen 

de Wivers- 

ton 

1 



I. Adam = Petronilla, = 2. Robert 
de Aud- 
ley? 



married 
R. de S. 
in or be- 
fore 1208, 


de Sug- 
genhall: 
prob. d. 
without 


OCC.1230-1 


issue 



[Gen. Wrottesley regards it as certain that the Hawisia who 
married Henry de Verdun was a daughter of Engenulph, 
not wife of Robert. Adam de Audley was a son-in-law of 
Ralph fitz Orm and brother-in-law of Robert fitz Orm.] 



Ui| 

WiUiam 

de Gresley, 

occ. 1184- 

1220 



Henry = 
de Gresley 



iv. Nicholas 

de Norton, 

occ. abt. iigo 



Ralph = Cecil 
de Roucester 



Roger 
de Norton 



Henry ^ Alice? 
de Gresley, 
occ. abt. 1225 



Geoffrey = Agatha 
deBec 



Geoffrey 
de LuUington 



Geoffrey ^ i. Margaret =: 
de Gresle}', 1 (de Somervile) 
occ. 1210- 
1240 ! 



Richard = Alice, 
fitz Gilbert, alive ir 
d. in or bef. 1250 
1250 



2. Juliana? 
as de Gresley 
1244-47 



v| 

WUliam 

de Gresley, 

occ. abt. 1240- 

1247: d. 

bef. June 

1254 



.abt. 1244 ?■) Elizabeth 
(de Bakepuiz) 



Agnes, 

prioress of 

Gracedieu, occ. 

1243-1281 



Geoffrey 



Sir Geoffrey de=f Agnes 
Gresley, kt. | 

(iff next page) 



Pedigrees 



225 



Sir Geoffrey =F (before 1270?) 
de Gresley, kt. , Agnes 

b. abt. 1245, d. 
abt. 1305 



Fed. II. 

Gresley. 

conld. 



vii| 








1 


Sir Peter =p Johanna 


Robert =p Isolda, 


Willi.im 


e Gresley, l<t.. 


(de Stafford), 


de Gresley, 


living in 


de Gresley, 


occ. 1290; d. 


who married 


occ. 1292-3, 


1298 


occ. 1290-5? 


abt. 1310 


2ndly Sir Walter 
de Montgomery 


d. bef. 1298 








and d. abt. 1342 


John, 
under age in 1297-8 





de Gresley, 
kt., occ. 1309 : 
d. abt. 1331-2 



largaret 


Thomas, occ. 1320 


6s' 


Sir Robert =p Elena 


Jernon), 


Peter, occ. 1323, d. 


1328 


? de Gresley. kt,. 


^Revell) 


icc. abt. 


Edmund, ^... 




of Edingale, 




330-52 


occ 1310 1 

-58 1 

Geoffrey, 
occ. 1353-4 




occ. 1320-61 : 

perh. =2. 

Katherine de 

Camvile 





I. Rich. Botele 



Ralph Belle 



: Elizabeth, 
occ. 1426 



Sir John c=p I. Alice (de Swynnerton), ( 



Roger 



Thomas, =f Katrine, 
d. bef. occ. 1406 
1406 

Thomas, 
occ. 1406 



de Gresley, kt., 

occ. 1328: I 

abt. 1395 



1350 
2. Joan (Toly\ widow of Sir Tho. 
de Wasteneys, and mother of 
Thomasine de W. : d. 1393 



Sir Nicholas =p Thomasine (de Wasteneys) ; see 
de Gresley, kt., 
b. abt. 1345-50 : 
d. abt. 1374-89 



Sir Thomas =p Margaret 

de Gresley, kt., (Walsh), 

b. abt. 1365: d. occ. 1392- 

abt. 1445 



I 
Roger ^ Isabel (de 
de Gresley, I Timhorn) 
of Church 
Gresley | 



■John -I 



Elizabeth Geoffrey 

Gresley, kt., | (Clarell) de Gresh-y, 

d. Jan. 17, 2. Margaret occ. 1433-9 
1445 I (Norwood) 

[see tiexl page) 



d. 



Joan 

= Thor 

Astley ; 

to Hen, 
,/*52-3 
Margaret 

= Sir Thomas 

Blount 
Innocentia, or Senecha 

^John Curzon : lie 

d. 1450: married in 

1422-3; predeceased 

his wife 



Will. Babthorpe, =p Margaret 
Attorney Gen. I 
1420 9 



226 



TJic Gresleys of Drakelotve 



Ped. II. 
Gresley. 

coiitd. 



Sir John Greslev -p i 
kt., d. Jan. 17, 144; I : 



(abt. 1410) Elizabeth (Clarell) 
(^abt. 1440) Margaret (Nor- 
wood), d. without issue by 
Sir John 



Sir JohnG.,=pi. Anne 
kt., b. 1418 
d. Jan. 31, 
I48f 



Nicholas, 
occ. 1450-55 



ne=rSirWillia 
I Peto: h 
I 1464-5 
John, 



ibt. 



d. 1487- 



'434, 



I 

Thomasine' = Hugh 

Wrottesley : he was 

b. 1400, d. 1464, 

She d. 1480 

I 



xiv I 
Sir Thomas G., ^ Anne 
kt., b. 1455, I (Ferrers) 
d. 1503 



I I 

Elizabeth^ Thomas Alice ^ (1478 ?- John 

I Wontford j Egerton 



"I II 

Sir William G., = Benedicta John G., b. Sir George G., ^ i. Margaret 

kt., d. Mar. 10, (Vernon) 1481 or '82, kt., b. 1494, d. , (Blulsho) 

152^, without a clerk in Apr. 21, 1548 

legitimate issue Holy Orders 



■ 2. (1537?) Katha- 



xvi I 

Edward G. 

= Anne 

(Corbet) : 

he d. 1594, 

and left 
issue : see 
ped. IV. 



Elizabeth = (1557) 
Charles Somer- 
set, and had issue 

Thomas ^= Jane 
(Beaufo) ?, or 
Dorotliy (De- 
thick) ?, or 
Elena?, or Mar- 
garet : see ped. V 



Anne, 

J- 1555? 
Elinor, 

d. 1531? 



John 
Lord 
shed 



Sutton, 

Dudley: 
1574(0 



Sir William G.,=f=(i548? Catherine Katliaiin- 

kt., b. 1524 or I .^Aston) occ. 1537- 

'25, d. May 23, 
1573 



; Edward Winter 



Thomasine=rJohn 
Darell : they had 



Mill 

Robert G., who had 
a son George 

James G. = Katha- 
rine and had 
issue : he d. 1536 

Elizabeth = i. Sir 
John de Mont- 
gomerj', := 2. Sir 
John Giffard. She 
had issue by both 

Ellen = Sir Nich. 
StreUey 

Mary =^ Thomas 
Forster ? 



xvii 

SirThon'asG., = i. (abt. 1573) Elizabeth 

kt.. b. Nov. 3, (Harvey!) 

1552, d. Sept. =p2. Katherine (Walsing- 

1610 ham), b. 1559, d. 

, I Uec. 1585 

:=3. Mary (Southwell', d. 
1622 



Simon G., =: i. Anne (Wood^ 
b. 1560 or =p2. Anne (Dixweil) 
'61, d. 1637 i 

see ped. VI 



Katha 



=: I. Francis Dethick 
d. 1635 =2. Sir Earth. Hales 
= 3. Edward Gibbs 
Katharine ^ Sir Rich. Harpur 



Henry G., 
b. 1575, 



Sir George G.j-p Susan 
ist Bart. I (Ferrers) 



I M I I 

Hastings G., b. 1565 
or'66 = EIizabelii 
(Francis) 

Jane 

Mary, occ. 1586 

Elizabeth 

Grace = Sir The. 
Wolseley 

1 1 I I 

John G.,^ Joan (More) 

b. 1581, I 

d. 1623 ? -4^ 

William, b. 1583 

Dorothy, b. Aug. 28, 

1584, = Sir Alu.x. 

Barlow 
Walsingham, b. 1585, d. 

1^33 



Pedigrees 



227 



xviii 

Sir George Gresley, 

3t Bar'., b. 1579 or "81 

a Parliamentarian : 

d. Feb. 165^ 



busan (Ferrers"), 

Qarr. Dec. 17, 1600: 

d. after 1621 



Ped. II. 

Gresley. 

contd. 



xix I 

Thomas G., 

d. Dec. 19, 

164a 



(1622) Elizabeth, d. 1607 ... . d. 1610 

Bridget (Burdet), Dorothy, Elizabeth — Rich, 

d. Nov. 25, 1685 =1. Robert Milward Walcot? 

r= 2. Edw. Wiimot 



H 





) 


Sir Thomas G.,=F Frances 


Frances = John 


rvG. 


Id. young 


2nd Bar'., b. 


(Morewood\ 


Whitehall 


rgeG. 


I 


1628 or '29 : 
d. June 5, 1699 


d.Junei7ii 


Bridget = Thomas 

GeTrgrG. = Jane 
Nelson 



Rich. 



:Will. 



^i I i I 1 I I 
Frances = 

Bridget 
Elizabeth 
Dorothy =: The. 

Ward 
Mary ^Daniel 

Watson 
Graces Robt. 

Roby 



xxii I 
Adam Ottley ^ Bridget, 
I b. 1697, 
I d- 1737 



Sir WilUam G., = 


p Barbara 


Anne Thomas 


3rd Bar'.,b. 


(Oakeley, 


Catherine 


Nov. 8, 1661, 


nic Walcot), 


Lattice 


d. Oct. 17, 1710 


b. Jan. 31, 


(Thomas G. 6S-) 




166',, d. 1724 


Isabella ( 
Charies G., of 

Dunstall = 

Ann Bott 
Sarahs I 'aul 

Ballidon 



t II 

Katherine : 

Dyott 
Elizabeth = Philip 

Trafford 
Mary = Rev. John 

Harpur 



-p Elizabeth 
(Lee) 

(see ped. Ill) 



Sir Tho 
4th B: 



d. 1746 



i G.,-p I. Dorothy (Bowyer), 
d. 1736 
2. Gertrude (Gramnier) 



William G., 
died young 



t74o, d. 1749 Geoffrey G., =p Ja 



xxui I I I I 
William G., 

b. 1719, d. 1724 
A son, b. and d. 

1721 
Sir Thomas G., 

5th Bar'., b. July 

12, 1722, d. Dec. 

23. 1753 
Dorothy, b. 1725, 

d. 1729 



Sir Nigel G., 

6th Bar'., b. 

Jan. II, I72|J, 

d. Apr. 17, 1787 



(,Hood) 



: Elizabeth 
(Wynne), 
d. 1793 



'758, d. 
or bef. 1774 



I 

John G., b. 
Charles G., b 
Selina, b. 17: 
William, b i 
a dau. b. 173; 
Two children 



(Grant) 



lmot,=p Sir Nigel Bowyer G., 
1750 I 7th Bar'., b. March 
I i8, 1753, d. Mar. 26, i8 



7 childr 



xxiv 1 I 

Thomas G., Robt. Willoughby -j- Jane, 

b. 1767, d. b. 1769, 

1798 I d. 1803 



228 



The Gresleys of Drakelozvc 



Ped. II. 

Gresley. 



xxiii 

Sir Kigel G., =p Elizabeth ' Wyn 
6tli Bar'., cl. 1793 

d. 1787 



Sir Nigel Bowyer G., 
7tli Bar'., b. March 
18, 1753, d. March 



I. Wilmot (Gresley) 
his 1st cousin ; 
she d. 1790 



'754, 



MM 

Dorothy, b. 
d. young 

Anne, b. 1755.= 
Sir John Eden- 
sor Heathcote : 



shed. 



p2. Maria Eliza 


fOar- 


Elizabeth, 


way); d. 


1840 


d. 
Fran 


llf 






d. 


1836 



1797 
■ b. 1756, 



XXV I I 

Wilmot Maria, b. 1778, 
= Rev. T. Levett: 
she d. 1845 

Emma Sophia, b. 1785, 
= Rich. E. Heath- 
cote, her ist cousin : 
she d. 1813 

Elizabeth Augusta, b. 
1787: d. 1808 



Almeria Georgiana 
Eliza, b. 1797: 



Louif 



Georgiana 
b. 1798,= 
E. Wood- 



Rev. 

yat 
'Roger fs-) 
Nigel, b. 1801, 

1816 



I 

Sir Roger G., 

8th Bar'., b. 

Dee. 27, 1799: 

d. Oct. 12, 

1837 



I I I 

Louisa Jane, b. 
1 759, = Rev. 
Will. Gresley, 
her 3rd 

cousin, see 
next page : 
she d. 1806 

Harriet, b.1761, 
r=JohnJelly: 
she d. 1810 

Mary Susanna, 
b. 1762, = 
Rev. B. J. 
Proby : she 



Sophia Catherine 

(Coventry), dau. 

of the 7th Earl 

of Coventry 



Pedigrees 



"2.2!^ 



GRESLEY, of Nether Seile 



Fed. III. 
Gresley. 



xxi. Thomas Grcsic}', =p Elizabeth (Lee) 

brother of Sir William Greslev, 
3rd Bar'. : of Nether Seile : "b. 
May 10, 1668 : d. April 6, 1743 



1749 
Frances, 

d. 171C 
Thomas 




Dorothy (Wil- 
cockson;, d. 
1746 



2. Mary (Bradley\ 
widowofjohn 
Toplis : she d. 
1766 



! i I 

Elizabeth, b. 1712, 
^ Henry Gresley, 
a distant cousin, 
see p. 141 ; she 
d. 1792 

James G., b. 1715, 
= Ann (Farmer): 
he d. 1745 

Robert, b. 1717, = 
Jane (Hurt?) : see 
p. 104 



xxiil I 
Thomas G., =p i. Elizabeth (Vin- 
" " " ■" cent), d. 1769 



D.D., Rector of 
Seile: b. July 
d. April 
1785 



1734: 



^2. Elizabeth 
I (Wilkes), widow 
of Will. Py croft: 
she d. 1816 



I I 
JohnCb. 1736: 

Fellow of 

Emman. Coll. 

Camb. : d. 1795 
Elizabeth, b. 1740, 

d. 1744 
Elizabeth, b. 1745 

or '46, = Sam. 

Ball : she d. 



Charles Lee G., b. and 

d. 1748 
James Henry G. 
William TheophilusG., 

= 1. Anne(,Watk;ins', 

^2. Mary (Anning- 
son) 
Robert G., = Mary 

(Deane"), see p. 108 
WalsinghamG., b. 1758 



I 
Charles G.. 
■ 1777, d. 17 



JohnG. 
1779, d. I 



xxiv 1 1 
Nigel G., 


1 
William G.,= 


= I 


Louisa Jane 


Thomas G., b. 


Elizabeth, 


b. 


b. 1758, d. 1761 Rector of 




(Gresley), 


1761, d. 1817 


1763, d. 


1703 


Dorothy, Scale: b. 




his 3rd 


Richard, b. 1766, 


Mary, b. 


764. 


b. 1759, <]. 1767 Aug. 27, 




cousin 


= I. Caroline 


d. 1834 




1760, d. 






(Grote), = 2. 


Frances, 


b. 


Oct. 3, 






Mary (Drum- 


1769, d. 


1770 








mond): lie d. 
1850. See p. 












148 








n 


r=^ 


Mary (Thorp) 









5 children, 
see ped. VI 



XXV I 

Louisa Elizabeth, 

b. i8or, = Rev. 

Spencer Madan: 

she d. 1861. 

See ped. XL 



I 
Sir William Nigel G., -pGeorgina Ar 
9th Bar'., b. March j (,Reid) 
25, 1806, d. Sept. 3, 
1847. I 

{see next l^^e) 



230 



The Gresleys of Drakelozve 



Ped. III. 
Gresley. 



XXV. Sir William Nigel G.,=p Georgina Ann (Reid) 
qth Bar'., 4th cousin of 
the 8th Bar'. : Rector of 
Seile : b March 25, 1806 
succ. as Bar'. Oct 12, 
1837 : d. Sept. 3, 1847 



xxvil 




MM 


MM 


Sir Thomas G.,= 


p Laura Anne 


Louisa Mary, b. 1833 Georgina Wilmot, b. 


loth Bar'., b. 


(WilUams) 


Nigel G., b. 1834, 1830, = Henry 


Jan. 17, 1832, 




Rector of Seile, .. 


Cunliffe Shawe. and 


d. Dec. 18, 




Joanna Beatric 


e has had 7 children 


1868 




(VVilson\ and had Frances, b. and d. 






six children : he d 


1841 






1897 


Agnes Elizabeth, b. 






William Lee G., b 


1842 






1836, d 1888 


Arthur Francis, b. 






Sophia Amelia, b 


1844 






1837, d- 1853 




xxvii 1 


1 


1 




Laura, 


Walter 


Sir Robert Gresley, = 


F Lady Frances Louisa 


.andd. 1856 


b. andd. 


nth Bart., b. Feb. 


(Spencer-Churchiir, 




Oct. 15, 1864 


I, 1866 


dau. of the 8th Duke 

of Marlborough, b. 

Sept. 15, 1870 




xxviii] 


1 






Nigel Gresley, 


Laurence Gresley, 




heir 


to the Baronetcy, 


b. March 3, 1896 




b 


April 22, 1894 





Pedigrees 



231 



Ped. IV. 
Gresley. 



EDWARD GRESLEY 



second son of Sir George Greslej' 
(see p. 66^ 



Edward Gresley, =p Anne (Corbet), 
bur. at Alrewas, I buried at 
Apr. 4, 1594" Alrewas^ 



xviil 

Charles G., 

matr. Dec. 20, 1577, 

at Broadg. Hall, 

Oxford, aged 16: 

d. July II '', bur. 

July 13. 1592" 



I M 

Arthur G., occ. 1598 

(Parker's Colton, 

p. 209 ; Gresley 

Charter 494) 
William G., d. Mar. 

II, 158^, bur. at 

Alrewas ^ 
John G., d. Sept. 14, 

1559, bur. at 

Alrewas '^ 



Thomas G., =p Elizabeth (Wakelin) 
married Sept. I 

29, isgo'' 



Ann, bapt. July 31, I596' 

Simon, ,, Aug. 17, 1597" 

Edward, „ Sept. 9, 1598" 

Elizabeth, „ May 25, 1600 » 



" Alrewas Register. 

i" Bodl. MS. Dodsw. 82, fol. 58'. 

Gresley Chartulary, p. 3. 

Nichols' Leicestershire i^Gresley Ped 



gree). 



232 



The Grcslcys of Drakdoiuc 



Fed. v. 
Gresley. 



THOMAS GRESLEY 



third son of Sir George GrcsIey 
(sec p. 67) 



Thomas Gresley, ^' Jane, dau. of Elizabeth Beaufo 
d. bef. Apr. = ? Dorothy, dau. of William Dethick 
1572 ^1 Elena 

^ ' Margaret his supposed wife : ' alive 
in Apr. 1572 



xvii 1 


1 


1 


1 






Edward G. 


Charles G., ^ 


F... SuLan 


Arthur, 


^ Isabc 


George G. 


prob. took B.A. 




bur. at Lull 


ng- , bur. at L 


Katherine 


degree from 




ton, March 


13. 


ton, Feb 




Merton College, 




1641- 




i64§ 




Oxford, Feb. 18, 












158I 










xviii 1 


1 


xviU III 




1 


Charles G. 


Grace G. 


Sarah 
Judith 




Thomas G. ^ 






Catherines Rev. 








Rich 


Kerke ", 








Apr. 


16, 1630 : 








she, 


a widow, 








was 


bur. at 








Lulli 


igton.Dec. 








12, i67i« 





Mary 



xix I I 

Frances, bapt. at Penk- 

ridge in StafTordshire, 

Jan, I, 163} 
Anne, bapt. Feb. 11, 

1633 



I 
Thomas G., bapt. at 

LuUington, July 

20, 1635" 
Mary, bapt. at Lul- 

lington, Dec. 18, 

1637- 



I I 

George G., bapt. at 

LuUington, July 

29, 1639" 
William G., bapt. 

at LuUington, 

Apr. 7, 1644 •» 



^ LuUington Register. 

Gresley Chartulary, p. 3. 

Nichols' Leicestershire (Gresley Pedigree). 



Pedigrees 233 



Fed. VI. 

Gresley. 



SIMON GRESLEY 



second son of Sir William Gresley 
(see p. 68) 



Simon Gresley, = I. Anne (Wood), d. 1591, 
b. 1560 or '61, without issue 

d. 1637 =p2. Anne (^Dixwell) 

xviu I""" \ j TM i 

George G., William G., Katherine, Elizabeth = Sir Lettice 

alive in dead in whose Will is Rich. Harpur, ^ i. ...Crawley 

1637 1637 dated July 5 as his 2nd wife =2.... Atkins, 

and proved Maria alive in 

Dec. 2, 1689 : Mary Anne 1689 

of St. Giles's ;=... Leventhorp 
in the Fields, 
London 



.Simon's Will, 1637. 
K.itherine's Will, 1689. 
Gresley Pedigrees. 



234 



The Gresleys of Drakelozve 



Fed. VII. 
Gresley. 



WILLIAM GRESLEY 



father of the gth Baronet, by his 2nd wife 
(see p. 122) 





R 


ev. Willi 


amG.,=; 


P2. (1811) Mary (Thorp 


) 




Rector of Seile ; 








b 


Aug. 27, 1760: 
d. Oct. 3, 1829 






XXV 1 1 1 




1 


1 


1 


Frances Mary, 


John More-=p Pene 


lope Charles G., ^ 


= Augusta Maria, 


b. 1812, d. 


wood G., 


(Vavasour\ b. 1817 : 


Catharine b. 1821 


1888 


b. 


1816: 


d. I 


858 Chapter Clerk 


(Leigh) 


Harriet, b. 


Rector of 




of Lichfield 




1813, = 


Seile: d. 




Cathedral 




Rev. George 




1866 








Madan, see 












ped. XL 












Emma,b. 1814, 












d. 1815 












xxvi 1 1 




1 1 




xxvl Mill 


i hi 


Nigel Walsingh 


am 


William StuUele 


y Wilhelmina Mary, 


Nigel Egerton G., 


G., b. 1850: 


G., b. 1852,= 


b. 1853 


b. i860 ; in 


Rector of Diirs- 


Maria E.Arche 


r: Isabel Beatrice, b. 


America 


ley : = Char- 




1855 


Eleanor Louisa, b. 


lotte (Drum- 


Roger St. Joh 


n Charles Egerton 


1862 


mond), widow 


of 


G., b. 1854 


; G., b. 1856, d. 


Rosamond Evelyn, 


H. S. Gresley 




Vicar of Row 


1857 


b 1863 


Geoffrey Ferrers 


barton 


Augusta Penelope, 


Charies Vincent G., 


G., b. 1851: 


in 


Laurence Staffer 


d b. 1858 


b. 1865 : Curate 


Holy Orders, 


in 


G., b. 1855 


: Herbert Leigh G., 


ofWincobank 


Africa 




Vicar of Bird 


b. and d. 1859 


Margaret More- 






sail 






wood, b. 1867 



* Married 1889: their issue is, Stukeley Marmadukc G., b. 
wood G., b. 1892; William Francis G., b. 1898. 



>; Nigel Mc 



Pedh 



235 



PEDIGREES OF FAMILIES WHICH 
HAVE INTERMARRIED WITH THE GRESLEYS 



ARDERNE 

See STANLEY 



Arderne. 



ASTLEY 

-azure a cinquefoil pierced ermine.) 



Fed. VIII. 

Astley. 



Thomas de Astley =p Elizabeth, daughter of Guv de Beauchamp, 
the last Lord Astley : I Earl of Warwick, and "of Alice, the last 
d. abt. 1359 Do Toeni: he d. 1315, aged 40 



I 
Sir William de A. =p Katherine 
I (Willoughby) 

Joan 



Sir Thomas de A., =p Elizabeth, dau. of Sir 
Rich. Harcourt 



I ==" I I II 

Thomas A., ^ Joan (Gresley) Sir John do A. William A. Richard A. 

occ. 1429-30 I K.G. Henr 



Thomas A. = Margaret 


Hugh A. =p 


of PatishuU, (Butler) 


1 


d. 1483-4 


4- 



A.=F. 
I 



Staffordshire Visitation, 1583. 
CoUins's Baronetage (1741), iv. 372. 
Burton's Leicestershire (1777), p. 53. 



236 



The Gresleys of Drakelozvc 



ASTON, of Tixall 

(Arms : — argent a fcss and three lozenges in chief sable.) 
Sir Roger Aston ~ Joyce (Freville) 



I 
Sir Robert A. =p Isabella (Brercton) 

, I 



John A. =F Elizabeth (Delves) 
d. .483-4 I 



Sir John A. =F Joan (Littleton) 



Sir Edward A. =^ i. Mary, dau. of Sir Henry 
of Tixall, d. Vernon, d. without issue 

1567-8 1525 

^2. Jane i^BowIes), d. 1563 



xvi 



Sir Walter A. =p Elizabeth Elizabeth Sir Will. Gresley = Catheri 

d. 1589 (Leveson) =...Lawley 

Leonard A. 
I = Elizabeth 

(Barton) 
John A. 
Antony A. 
= Elizabeth 
(Lawley) 



SirEdw. A. =p i. Mary 
d- 1597 I (Spencer) 



Sir Simon Harcourt 
of Stanton Har- 



Robt. Needham: 



= Mary 



: Frances 
Anne 
Dorothy 
Amy 



ones! '- 
who d. 
without 


F 2. Anne 
(Lucy) 




issue 




SirW 

first Lord As 

who bought 

the Greslej 

hed. I 


liter A. = 
on of Forfar, 
Colton from 
s in 1609 : 
&39- 


- Gertrude (Sadler) 



SirTho. Clifford's Tixall, p. 147 sqq. 
Brit. Mus. MSS. Harl. 6128, fol. i ; 

1077, fol. 64". 
Cokayne's Peerage. 



Pedigrees 237 



Fed. X. 
Bakepuiz. 



BAKEPUIZ 

(Arms :— gules three bars argent as many fers dc cheval in chief or.) 



Ralph ^ ... 
de Bakepuiz, 
occ. 1067 



Henry deB., Robert de B. =j= .. . 

d. without 



issue 



John de B.j^pRoesia Aelez 

of Barton (a daughter) 

Bakepuiz 



Williarri de B., =p ... William de Gresley,^: Elizabeth John de 

occ. 1219-20 



=p... William ae Ltresiey, -r c-iizaDeui jonn ue o.,-r-... 

occ. 1244-47 I occ. 1235 

Iphde B.,=p... Nicholas 

kt., T 

1251-2 



Sir Ralph de B.,=p. 
occ. I 



Sir John de B.,=p... 

.. I 

John de B.,^,.. 



Thomas de B.,=p... 
I 
— de Longford = Helen, 

dau. and heir : a 
widow in 1384-5 

No satisfactory pedigree of this family has yet been drawn out. The above 
is from Nichols' Leicestershire iii. 5-6. with the Grcslcy coiincvion conjccturally 
fitted in, the conjectural parts being represented by dotted lines. 



TJie Grcsleys of Drakelozvc 



BALL 



Edward Ball =p Mary, dau. of Samuel 
of Tamworth I Crosland and Ann 
(Harding) his wife 



Edw. B. =pSarah Thomas B :^ Ann . 
of Tamworth, of Rochdale I 



I _ xxlii 

Samuel B. =p Elizabeth Gresley 



d. before Jan. 
13, 1781: of 
Tamworth 



(ped. Ill; 



John B. of 


Samuel B. :p i^iSoi^ Elizabeth 


Dorothy 


Frances 


Elizabeth 


Wapling- 


b. March 16, 


(Vickerman\ 


= Thomas 


b. 1779, d. 


= ... Baxter, 


ton in 


1775, d. 1828, 


who d. 1856 


Whately 


1840 : = Will. 


d. 1789 


Yorkshire 


farmer at 
Skipsea 






Terrell of 
Bristol, brewer 


Ann 



Manuscript pedigrees and notes. 



Pedigrees 239 



Fed. XII. 
Baxlow, 



BARLOW, of Barlow Moor 

-sable an eagle displayed with two necks argent armed or [?].) 



Alexander Barlow, M.P.,=p Elizabeth (Leigh), 
d. 1584, a recusant d. 1583 

Roman Catholic 

Alexander B., = i. Elizabeth (Belfieldl when 

b. 1556 or 1557, he was 4 years old : he 

d. 1620 obtained a divorce in 

1574 

=p2. Mary iBrereton), survived 

I her husband 

I nrm — nmni 

Sir Alexander B.,=p I. Elizabeth, dau. of George B. Elizabeth 

d. 1642 Edw, Parker, William B. Margaret = John Talbot 
I Lord Morley Edward B. Frances 



John B. Mary 

xviu Robert B. Jane 

^ 2. Dorothy ^Gresley) Edward B. Katherine 

L 



Alexander B., ^ Frances *Dorothy^ James Gorsuch 
died without (Brcreton) *Katharine=^ Henry Norris 
issue abt. Thomas, 

1654 Anne, bapt. 1620, a Poor Clare, occ. 

Mary 
Elizabeth 
Henry B. 
William B., d. young 



perhaps children of the first wife. 



Lancashire Visitations. 
Chetham Soc. xlii, pp. 264-8. 



240 



TJie Gresleys of Drakelozvc 



Ped. XIII. 
Blount. 



BLOUNT 



(Arms : — barry ncbuly of six or and sable.) 



I. Isolda = Sir John Blount -p 
(Mountjoy) of Sodington 



l^Beauchamp) 



Diego Gomez -pines Alfon 
de Toledo, • ■ •■ 

alcalde of 
Toledo 



Sir Walter Blount =F Sanchia (de Ayala) 



irjohn 



Sir Thomas Blount, = 
Treasurer of Nor- 
mandy : d. 1456. 



1. Margaret Gresley 

2. Elizabeth, occ. 1459-60 



Sir Walter B., : 
first Lord 
Mountjoy: K.G. : 
1st marriage, abt. 
1440: 2nd, 1467: 
d. 1474 



1. Helen Thomas B. Elizabeth 

(Byron) = i. Agnes z= Ralph 

2. Anne, dovv. (Hawley) Shirley 

Duchess of 2. Catherine 

Buckingham (Clifton) 



Sanchia 

=:Ed\\ 

ford 
Agnes 

= ...Wolsley 



, Lang- 



Sir Alex. Croke's History of the Croke 
Family (1823) ii. 174, ped. 11 : ii. 252, 
ped. 12. 

Shropshire Visitation, 1623. 

Gresley Chartulary, p. 6. 

Nash's Worcestershire ii. opp. p. 162. 

F. M. Nichols, Lawford Hall, pp. 184 sqq. 



Pedigrees 



Fed. XIV. 
Bott. 



BOTT 

(Arms :— or a chevron ermine between three mullets sable.) 



^ I I 

Frances 

Elizabeth 



Frances, 
and dau. 



1 Bott, =p 
■ 25, i68j I 



=F Elizabeth 
(Wolferstanl, 
d. Feb. 25, 171I 



Septimius Bott,: 
d. Oct. 3, 1702 



iGresley-p Anne, 
I 3rd dau. 



Ann, 3rd 


Elizabeth, =i 


pi. Thomas Bott, 


dau., d. Jan. 


eldest dau. 


2nd son, 


18, 17^: 


she marr. 


marr. 1725 (?) 


her infant 


2. Samuel 




sonbyEdw. 


Beardsley : 




Mathews, 


shed. 1775 




William, 






d. 1731 







Edward B, 

eldest son 

d. 1706 



a. 1709 
lizabeth, 
d. 1726 



I I I I 

Elizabeth Thomas B. John B. Henry. 

(all died young) 



Monuments at Trinity Church, Coventry, 
and at Tatenhill. 



242 



The Greslcys 0/ Drakclozvc 



Ted. XV. 
Bowyer. 



BOWYER 



(Arms :— argent a lion rampant between three crosses crosslet fitchy gules.) 



Sir John Bowyer, -^Catharine (Yclverton) 
kt., of Knyperslc3-, 
b. 1557, d. 160^ 



Sir William B., =p Hester (Skeffington) 
kt., b. 1588, d. 164I 



Sir John B., =rMary, dau. of Robt. Milward 

Bart., b. 1623, I by Dorothy, dau. of .Sir 

d. 1666 GeorgeGresley(^seepcd.II) 



Sir John B., =p Jane i Murray), 


Sir William 


B 


,T=Anne,dau.of 


b. 1653, d. 1691 1 d. 1727 


b. 1654, d. I 


70 


J George Dale 


Sir John B. Elizabeth Mar\', who 


Jane, who 




n 

Anne, who 


b. i68?,d. 1701, = Charles 


= Leftwich 




= I. Sir Tho. 


without issue Adderley 


Oldfield in 




Bellot, 


in 1703, 


1702 : her 




2. Rowland 


and had 


grand-dau. 




Port, Esq. 


issue 


= Sir Nigel 




Dorothy, who 




Gresley (xxiii), 




= Sir Tho. 




see ped. 11 




Gresley (xxii) 




Jane d. Oct. 18 








1749 







The Bowyer estates were divided equally by lot among the four daughters of Sir 
William Bowyer. The Norton estate fell to Mary: the Sidway, Maer Aston, 
Dedington and Bucknal estates to Jane, through whose grand-daughter part came 
to Sir Nigel Gresley : the Apedale estate to Anne, who left it to Sir Nigel, her 
nephew and great-nephew : and the Knypersley estate to Dorothy, mother of 
Sir Nigel. 



MSS. of S. P. Wolferstan. 
Buwj-er family Notebook. 



Pedigrees 



243 



Ped. XVI. 
Brome. 



BROME 



(Arms : — azure a sinister hand erect in pale couped at the wrist argent [?].) 
Thomas Skeffington=p Isabel .Byron) 



I I Ml 

Sir William S. son three 

:= Catherine daughters 
(Chetwode) 



r. William Brome^p Katherine=2. Robert 
of Woodlow, d. I Barford 

abt. 1620 



1 


1 


XX 


1 






1 1 1 


bertB.y... 


Thomas 


B.^ Bridget 


John 


B.::p... 




Lettice 






(Gresley), 








Ursula 


H^ 






marr. Dec. 






Anna 








30, 1657: 


Skeffington B 


r 










bur. March 
3, 171* 









Thomas Skeffington =p Elizabeth 
alias Brome, ; (Dugdale) 

d. Dec. 25, 1709 marr. Dee. 

I I, 1693 



ilill 

Richard B., b. 1664 

William B. 

Charles B.=p... (Pole) 

John B. 

Rev. George B. 



I'll 

Bridget 

Catherine, b. 1661 

Frances 

Mary = Sir Robt. 
Burdet of Fore- 
mark : she was 
bur. July 14, 
174a 



Shaw's Staffordshire i. 373. 
Nichols' Leicestershire iii. 450. 



244 



The Grcsleys of Drakelozve 



Ped. XVII. 
Burdet. 



BURDET 



(Arms :— azure on two bars or six martlets gules.) 



Thomas Burdet =p Bridget (Curzon) 
of Bramcote 



1 






1 1 


II 


I. Robert B.,=F Ma 


rgaret (Wilson), 


2 sons 


2 daughters 


d. i6or 1 who mar. a Sir 








Chn 


slopher Lowther 






nl. 


1 
Anne 


1 
Sir Thomas B.,=F 


1602) Jane 


1 1 
Elizabeth 


= Rich. 


= Sir John 


b. 1585: 




(Francisi, 


— Anthony 


Trumpton 


Bowes of 


of Foremark 




d. i63f 


Hatton 


Elford, who 








Bridget 




d. 1645: 












their son 












George =: 












his first 










cousin Mary 












Burdet 










1 




II 1 II 


xix 


1 III 


Sir Francis B.,^ 


F Eliza- 


Robert B., Mary, 


Thomas ::,= Bridget, Lettice 
Gresley | 4thdau. Isabel 


b. i6o8, d. 


beth 


2nd son eldest 


1696 


(Walter), 
d. 1701 


Leicester B., dau., 

3rd son = Geo. 

Bowes 

Dorothy, 

2nd dau 

ard'dau. 


'S 


Katherine 



Sir Robert B.= i 



I I 

. sons 4 daughters 



Nichols' Leicestershire iii. 351. 
Wotton's Baronetage i. (1741), 335-6. 
Betham's Baronetage i. (1801), 163-6. 



Chicheley. 



CHICHELEY 

See DARELL 



Churchill. 



CHURCHILL 

Sec SPENCER.CHURCHILL 



Pedigrees 



245 



CLARELL, 

of Tickhill and Aldwark, in Yorkshire 

(Arms : gules six martlets three two and one argent.) 



Ped. XVIII. 

Clarell. 



Sir William Clarell, ^ Agnes, lady of Aldwark 
occ. 1316 : d. 1332 I 



Sir Thomas C.,=p Isabel (Philibert) 
occ. 1341 I 

William C, =p Elizabeth (Reygate) Agnes 

occ. 1371-83 



Sir Thomas C, =p Matilda, dau. of Sir Nicholas 

d. 1442 Montgomery by Margaret 

(Foljambej 



William C. Agr 



I M xii 111 

Thomas C, ^Elizabeth John C. Sir John =f Elizabeth 
b. abt. 1394 : 1 (Scropc) Robert C. Gresley j ' I I 

d. 1430 A Catherine 

I Matilda 

Margaret 

^i. John Fitzwillii 



3. Sir William Gas- 
coyne (a clan- 
destine marriage 
in abt. 1425) 



J. Hunter's South Yorkshire or Doncaster 

ii. (1831), p. 53. 
J. Foster's Yorkshire Pedigrees i. 
Brit. Mus. MSS. Harl. 4630, p. 94 ; Add. 

5530, pp. xxvii, cii. 
Gresley Chartulary, p. 55. 



246 



The Creslcys of Dmkclozve 



Coventry, 
Earls of 
Coventry. 



COVENTRY 



-sable a fcsse ermine between three crescents or.) 



William Coventry, t: Elizabeth (Allen), 
5th Earl of Coventry, I d. Nov. 23, 1738 
d. March 18, 175J 



Thomas Henry C, 

b. March 27, 1721 : 

d. unm. May 20, 

1744 



William C, =j= i. (1752) Maria (Gunning), the 



6th Earl of Coventry, 
b. April 26, 1722 : 
d. Sept. 3, 1809 



ell-known beauty, who 
Sept. 30, 1760 



=^2. (1764) Barbara (St. John), 
dau. of Lord St. John : she 
d. Nov. 25, 1804 



May Alicia, 

b. 1754 
Anne Margaret, 

t>. 1757 



George William, 

7th Earl of Coventry, 

b. April 25, 1758: 

d. March 26, 1831 



:i. (1777) Lady Catherine (Hen- 
ley), dau. of the Earl of 
Northington : she d. with- 
out issue March g, 1779 

■ 2. (1783) Peggy, dau. of Sir 
Abraham Pitches: she d. 
Jan. 15, 1840 



INI 

George William, 8th 
Earl of Coventry, b. 
Oct. 16, 1784, = !. 
(1S08) Lady Emma 
Susanna Lygon), 

dau. of Earl Beau- 
champ : = 2. (1811) 
Lady Mary (Beau- 
clerk", dau. of the 
Duke of St. Albans. 
He d. May 15, 1843 

Augusta Margaret, b. 
1785, = Gen. Wil- 
loughby Cotton 

Georgiana Catherine, 
b. 1786, = M. W. 
Barnes, Esq. 

Emily Elizabeth, d. in 
infancy 



I I I M I 

John C, b. 1789 
Thomas Henry C, 

d. in infancy 
Thomas Henry C, 

b. 1792 
Jane Emily, b. 

1794 
William James C, 

b. 1797 
Barbara, b. 1799, 

= Lieut.-Col. 

Crawfurd 



I 
Sir Roger =p Sophia Catherine 
Gresley b. Nov. 30, 1801 
d. March 29, 
1875 

Sophia Editha, 
b. and d. 1823 



Pedigrees 



247 



Fed. XX. 
Curzon. 



CURZON 

(Arms : — azure on a bend between two lions rampant argent three popinjays vert.) 



WiUiam de Curzon, =p Elizabeth (Gifford) 
occ. 1378-14H I 





1 
JohnC. =fCiceley 
ofCroxall, occ. 
1421-41 




1 xU 
John C, =pSenecha (or Innocentia) 
d. Apr. 4, 1450 1 Gresley 


1 

Thomas C.,=i 

d. Aug. 8, 

1485 


III III 
p Margaret Wilham C. Elizabeth 
(Hartington) Ralph C. Alice 

John C. Margaret 
Richard C. 


John C, 
d. young 


1 1 
John C., = Anne ,Ashby) Mary, 
d. 1500 d. young 



Rich. Usshcr's Parish of Croxall Ci£ 
pp. 5-6, ped. opp. p. 10. 



248 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



Ped. XXI. 
Darell. 



DARELL 



: a lion rampant or armed langed and crowned gules.) 



Thomas Chichele, =p Agnes (Pyncheon) 



William Darell =F Emma Henry C, Sir Robert C. William C. =FBeatrice 






archbp. of Ld. Mayor of 


l^Barret) 






Canterbury, London, d. 








d. 1443 1440 




1 1 
Marmaduke D. 


1 1 III 
John Darell, ^ Florence, who had William C 


, archdn. 


William D. 


of 


Steward to Archbp. 


mar. ist Nicholas of Canterbury 


Littlecot 




Chichele : occ. 1404. 


Peachey, and 2nd John C. 






His 1st wife was 


John Burton Agnes or Ehzabeth 






Joane Barret, and 
their issue were 
the Darells of 


= Thomas Dee 












Colehill : 


xiv 






Thomas Darell =pThomasine, dau. of 






of Scotney Sir John Gresley 






(only child) 


on 


Henry D.= 


1 1 
I Elizabeth Sir Simony Agnes Florences!. ...Hop 




(Cheney) Harcourt, | = 2. Nicholas Petyt 






d. 154I 1 =3. John Fallowfield 






-f 







Stemmata Chicheleana (1765) tables i, 2 
108, 219 : suppl. (177s), pp. viii, xi. 
Hasted's Kent ii. 380, iii. 224-5. 
Nottinghamshire Visitations, 1569, 1614. 
Archaeologia Cantiana xvii. 46. 



Derby. 



DERBY 

See FERRERS 



Pedigrees 



249 



DETHICK of Newhall 



(Arms :— argent a fess vaire or and gules between three water-bougets sable.) 



Fed. XXII. 
Dethick. 



William Dethick^ Anne (Bradbourne) 

I 



(Rolleston) 



William D. 

= ... Alsop 
Edward D. 



Humphrey D.,=p Elizabeth (Longford) 
occ. 1569 I 



I II II I 
Margery 



I L 



Robt. Milward (see pedi- 
gree xli) 
Dorothy ^ Thomas Gresley (xvi) 

^Dyonise Cramphorne 
Margarets I. Tho. Finderne 

= 2. Philip Okeover 
Anne =:Rich. Rollesley 
Emma ^ James Sacheverell 
Elizabeth = Ralph Leigh \ 
Anne ^Thomas Leigh 



brothers 



I I I 

Robert D. 

Helen 

Agnes ^ ... Barbor 

Elizabeth = Ralph Leeson 



Francis D. ^ Katharine Gresley 



Alexander Redish -7- Katharine 
Clement Coke =^ Sarah 



Note. The Dorothy Dethick who married John Harpur (see ped. XXXIII) was 
the daughter and heiress of John Dethick of Breadsall, a distant connexion of the 
Newhall Dethicks. Her name came from her grandmother, Mrs. Dorothy Powtrell : 
she was born in 1589, and died on Jan. 12, 161 1. 



Genealogist, N.S., vii. 79-80. 
Derbyshire Visitations, 1569 and 161 1 
Derbyshire Archaeol, Soc. vi, opp. p. 



25° 



The Grcslcys of Drakelovoe 



Ped. XXIII. 
Dixwell. 



DIXWELL 

(Arms : — argent a chevron gules between three fleurs-de-Iys sable.) 



William Dixwell, ^ Elizabeth (Knight) 
occ. 1593 I 



I 
lumphrey D.-pAnn or Elinor (Low) 



ilirey U.=F^ 



Robt. Price ==: Mary Sampson Erdeswick = Elizabeth Ann=:i. Edw. Broughton 

a. Simon Gresley 



Warwickshire Visitation, 1619. 



Dudley. DUDLEY 

See SUTTON 



Pedigrees 



251 



Ped. XXIV. 
Dyctt. 



DYOTT 

(Arms : — or a tiger passant sable.) 



Anthony Dyott, ^ Catherine (Harcourt), 
of Lichfield, | d. 1603 

barrister 



Sir Richard D.,=p Dorothy, dau. and 



royalist, M.P., 
d. March 8, 
l6fj, aged 69 



heir of Rich. 
Dorrington, Esq., 
of StatTord : she 
d. Aug. 17, 163a 



I 1 
Robert D., in 

Holy Orders 
John b. 



Anthony D.,:= Barbara, 
d. without dau. of 

viving, June Ingrain 



Richaid D., 
royalist : d. 
Nov. 5. 1677: 
bur. at Lich- 
field 



I I I I 

. (Feb. 7, i66|) Matthew = Mary 

Katharine Gresley (Babington) 

(xx): d. June 29, John 

1667 : bur. atLich- Simon = Jane 

field (Bainbriggel 

I. (Apr. 28, 1670) Michael, d. Mar. 

Anne (Green) 16, i66|- 



.icf 
b. 

d. 


ard D., ^ 

1667: 
1719 


= Frances flnge), his 

cousin : bapt. Aug. 

2, 1667 : marr. 

Sept. 20, 1685 : 

bur. Dec. 12, 1702 



I I 

Richard D., = Mary (Lane) Frances 

bapt. June = Christopher 

3, 1687 Sanders, of 

Shareshill, co. 
Stair. 



Shaw's Staffordshire i. 363. 



252 The Gresleys of Drakelozve 



Ped. XXV. 
Egerton. 



EGERTON 

-gules a fess between three pheons argent.) 



Hugh Egerton, =r Margaret, dau. of 
d. 1479 I John Dutton : 

she d. 1499 

I I 

John E., =1. ... Cotes Will. Chet\vynd,= Alice, 

of Wrinhill,^2. Alice, dau. of Sir John murdered 1494 d. 1534 

d. 1494 I Gresley(xivi 

3. Elenor, dau. of Sir R. 
Brereton 



I I 

Sir Henry -y- Ellen Henry Marmion ^ Isabel 

Willoughby | 

Hugh 



Cheshire Visitation, 1580. 
Gresley Chartulary, p. 60. 
H. E. C. Stapylton's Chetwynds JiSgs), 
p. 125. 



Pedis^recs 



253 



FERRERS P-^"- ^xvi. 

Ferrers, 

(Arms : — gules seven fusils three three and one voided of the field, in Earls of 

chief a label of three points azure. Ferrers of Chartley and ancient Ferrers 

Ferrers bore, vaire or and gules : see p. 205) and Derby. 

Walkeline de Ferrers,^... 



Henry de F., =j= Bertha 
d. 1088 or 1089 



Engenulph de F., 
d. without issue 

William de F., 
d. without issue 



ist Earl of 
Derby, d. 1139 



Vitre) 



William de F., 
d. without issue 



I 

Robert de F., 

Earl of Ferrers, 

2nd Earl of Derby, 

d. 1 162 



Amice := Nigel 

d'Albii 
Gundred 
Emmelme 



:SibilIa(deBraose)? 



William de F., := i. Margaret (Peverell) 1 
Earl of Ferrers, =p2. Sibilla 
3rd Earl of Derby, 
d. 1191 I 



Walkeline 

Isolda 

Matilda 



4th Earl of Derby, 
d. 1247 



' I I I 

Robert 

Henry 

Isabella 

Petronilla =^ Harvey 

de Stafford 



William de F., =pi. Sibilla, dan. of the Earl 

Earl of Ferrers, I of Pembroke (Marshall) 

5th Earl of Derby, ^2. Margaret, dau. of the 

d. 1254 I Earl of Winchester (de 

Quincy) 



7 daughters 



Robert de F., : 
Earl of Ferrers, 
6th Earl of Derby, : 
d. 1268 



Mary (Le Brun), niece 
of King Hen. iii 
Eleanor (Basset) 



I 
William de F.,=p I. Joan (Le Ji 



of Groby, 



The Earls 
Ferrers of Chartley 



Despencer) 
Eleanor (de 
Lovaine) 



m ^ Lord 
Berkeley 



William de F., ^Margaret, dau. of 
ist Lord Ferrers I Lord Segrave (?) 
of Groby, d. 1325 

Henry de F., =p Isabel (Verdon), great-grand- 
2nd Ld. F. of G., daughter of King Edw. i 

d. 1343 

William de F., =p i. Margaret, dau. of the Earl 
3rd Ld. F. of G., of Suffolk (Ufford) 

d. 1372 I 2. Margaret, dau. of Lord Percy. 

(sec next t>«se) 



254 



TJie Gi'cshys of Dmkelozvc 



Ped. XXVI. 

Ferrers. 

contd. 



F. -p Margaret 



Henry de F., =pJoan, dau. of 



4th Ld. F. of 
G.,d. 



Lord St. John 
(Poynings) 



Sir WilHam de F., :p i. Philippa dau. of Lord De Clifford, 



5th Ld. F. of 
G., d. 1445 



Hcnrj 


deF. 


=r 


sabel dau. of 


Si 


rTh 




sdeF.,^ 


died 


n his 


1 


the Duke 




d. 


142 


)-9 


father's 


litetim 


e 1 


of Norfolk 
(Mowbray) 











or Margaret dau. of the Earl of 

Salisbury 
■2. Elizabeth (Wrottesley, ne'e Standish) 



Elizabeth 
Freville : 
Lady of 
Tamworth") 



Sir Tliomas d( 

of Tamwort 

d. 1498 



Anne '^Hastings) 



ir Henry de F. ^ Margaret 

I (Heckstall) 

Ferrers of Baddesley Clinton 



John F., T= Maud (Stanley) 
d. abt. 1485 I 



Sir Thomas Gresley ^ Anne 



Sir John F., 
d. 1512 or 



Margaret Leonard F. Sir Ralph F. Willi; 
=p Dorothy (Harpur) 



515 

Sir Humphrey F., =p Margaret Pigot) 
d- 1554 I 

Sir John F., ^ Barbara (Cockayne) 
d. 1576 I 

Sir Humphrey F., ^ Jane (Bradbourne) 



Sir John F., =p Dorothy (Puckering) 
d. 1633 I 



Sir George Gresley -r- Susan 



Sir Humphrey F. ^ An 



Dugdale's Baronage i. 257. 

Cokayne's Peerage. 

Planche in Journ. of the Archaeol. Assn. 

vii (1852), p. 220. 
Jewitt, Derbyshire Domesday (1871), p. vii. 
Cox in Derb. Archaeol. Soc. i.\ (1887), 

p. 118. 
Shirley's Stemmata Shirleana, p. 103. 
Shaw's Staffordshire i. 418. 
SirTho. de Ferrers' Will, dated Feb. 149 . 
H. NoiTis, Baddesley Clinton (1897). 
Sic. 



Pedigrees 



255 



Ped. XXVII. 
Forster. 



FORSTER, of Evelith 



(Arms ; — quarterly per fcss indented argent and sable : fir 
hurn uf the last strung or, second and third a phec 



ind fourth a bug 
irgent ,_?].) 



John Forster ^ Isabella (Kuffin) 

Richard F. ^ Margaret, dau. of Will 
Selman of Morton in 
Staffordshire 



Ml I 

Anthony F. Thomas F., ^ Mary Gresley 

Michael F. 3rd son 
William F. 



I 

George F. ^ Elizabeth 
I (Moreton) 

Thomas F., 
living in 1613 



Huntingdonshire Visitation, 1613. 

The Shropshire Visitation of 1623 seems 

to be wrong, where it differs from 

the above pedigree. 
Bodl. MS. Blakeway 5, fol. 252". 



256 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



Ped. XXVIII. 
Franc is. 



FRANCIS 

(Arms : — argent a chevron between three eagles displayed gules [?].) 

Ralph Francis ^Elizabeth, dau. of John 
I Babington 

John Francis ^ Barbara, dau. of Sir John 
I Port, Justice of the 
Common Bench 



Sir Edw. F. Willi 

of Ticknall 
Richard F. 



F. = I. Havise (Verney) 
=p 2. Elizabeth, dau. of 
Will. Francis of 
Ticknall : she 
married 2. 

Hastings Gres- 



leyi 



Sir Thomas Burdet =p Jane, heiress in 1635 both 
I of her father William 
and her uncle John 



Bridget = Thomas Gresley 



: I. Thomas 
Bradshaw, 
2. John Hill 



John = 
Francis 

mark, 
living in 
1569: d. 



: Jane 
(Sacheverell) 



g more children 



Derbyshire Visitation, 1569 and 161 1 
(.Genealogist, N.S., vii. 135"). 

Helsby's Ormerod's Cheshire iii. 297. 

Harleian Soc. xxxix. 571. 

See also Essex Visitation 1612 (Harl 
Soc. xiii. 200). 



Gaste- 
neys. 



GASTENEYS 

See WASTENEYS 



Pedigrees 



257 



GERNON 

(Arms : — paly wavy of seven pieces gules and argent.) 



Ped. XXIX. 

Gernon. 



William Gernon =p . . . 
d. 1258 j 

I. Eleanor =p Ralph G., =7^2. Hawisia (Tregoz) 
dau. of Robert d. 1273-4 
de Vere, Earl 

of Oxford 



1 


1 1 1 


1 


1 


l?illiamG.,=F... 


Richard G. 


John G. 


Robert G 


d. 1327 




Alice = Robt. Baynard 
Margaret = Robt. de 
Verley 


of Theydon 
Gernon, 

b. abt. 1270, 
d. 1323 





Sir John G.,= I. Isabella (Bagof) 
b. abt. 1297, =p2. Alice (Coleville), whose 
1334 mother was Margaret 

3. Margaret (de Wigton), 
d. 1349 



Sir John G., Sir Geoffrey de Gresley = Margaret (?) 



(Dotted lines indicate unproved but probable connexion.) 



R. E. Chester Waters' Chester of 

Chicheley (1878) i. 199. 
Morant's Essex ii. 181. 



The Greslcys of Drakclowc 



Ped. XXX. 
Giffard. 



GIFFARD, of Chillin^rton 



(Arms : 



-quarterly first and fourth azure three stirrups with leathers i 
ind one, second and third gules three lions passant argent.) 



Edmund Giffard,^... (Venables) 
occ. 1378 



John G., ^ ... 
occ. 1394 I 

Thomas G.=p Joyce, dau. of Sir 
I Robert P'rancis 

Robert G. ^ i. Isabella .Blount), d. without 

issue 
=7=2. Cassandra, dau. of Thomas 
Humphreston : she = 2. 
John Brodoke, and d. 153I 



Sir John G.: 



Sir Thomas G. =p i. Dorothy 



= 2. Ursula 

(Throgmorton) 



: I. Joan, dau. of The. Hoord 
of Bridgnorth : she d. 



: 2. Elizabeth Gresley (xv) 



I I I 

Cassandra = Hen. Frances =^ Sir John 
Swinnerton I Talbot 

Dorothys I. John I 

Congreve, and =1 | | 

2. Francis Shirley John T. Jane := Sir 
George 
Bowes 



Reliquary xv. 7. 

J. H. Smith's Brewood Chancel (1870), 
p. 5 ; Brtwood, 2nd ed. (1874;, 



Pedigrees 



259 



GRAMMER 



Ped. XXXI. 
Grammer. 



(Arms :— gules billetty 



lion rampant argent [?].) 



Thomas Grammer, =p ? Mary, 



of Bakewell, 




d. 1685 












d. 


693 




John Bagshaw, ^ t. 


Grace (Bright") 








of Hucklow, CO. Derb., 


2. 


Elizabeth (Coates 








brother of the' Apostle 












of the Peak ' 






Thomas G., = (1684 


■) Jane 


JohnG., ^ Jane, 


George Beau--]- Gertrude, 


of Bakewell (Barker) 


of Bakewell, 


younger 


mont 


elder 






d. 1709, 


daughter 






daughter 






aged 61 
















William B., 












eldes 


t chile 








1 1 1 1 1 












Ann 




JohnG., T=Mary 




Mary, b. 1686 




ofPledwick 1 




Jane, b. 1687 




in Yorkshire 
xxii 








Sarah, b. 1692, 




1 1 1 


r.^- '^9\ . 


Sir Thomas Gresley ^ (1739") Gertrude 


Jane 


Thomas, b. and 




xK 


Elizabeth 


d. 1693 














Sarah 



(Dotted lines indicate unproved but probable connexion.) 



Reliquary, O. S., iv. 98. 

Harl. Soc. .xx.xvii. 246, 

J. Foster's Yorkshire Pedi- 
grees, vol. i. (Beaumont). 

W. H. G. Bagshawe's Bag- 
shawcs of Ford (1886;, 
p. 96. 



GRESLEY 

See Pedigrees II-VII. 



Gresley. 



26o The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



Ped. xxxii. 
Hales. 



HALES, of Snitterfield 

(Arms : — gules three broad arrows oi 



'T' 



III I 

Christopher H., Bartholomew H.,t= Mary (Morrison Stephen 

^... of Chesterford I or Harper) 

John H., d. 1572 and Snitterfield 



Sir Bartholomew H.,=p Katharine Gresley 
of Chesterford and 
Snitterfield : b. abt 
1567 : occ. 1619 

Elizabeth 



Bridget 
Marie 
Thomas 
Henry 



Warwickshire Visitation, 1619. 
CoUins's Baronetage (1741), iii. 165. 



Pedigrees 



261 



HARPUR, of Swarkston 



Ped.XXXIII. 
Harpur. 



-per bend sinister argent and sable a lion rampant counterchanged 
within a bordure gobonatod or and gules.) 



Sir Richard Harpur, ^Jane (Findern) 

Justice of the Common 

Pleas : benefactor to 

Brasenose College, 

Oxford : d. 157J 



Sir John H.,-ri. Isabel (Pierpoint) 

d. 1627 I 2. Elizabeth (Novell, 

d. without issue 



I _ 

Sir Richard H., t Mary 
of Littleover (Reresby) 



1 


xviii 1 


1 








1 




1 i 1 II 


SirRich.H.,=pi 


.Katharine Others Sir He 


nryH.,= Barbara Rich. H.= 


p Elizabeth 


George H. 


d. 1619 


(Gres'.ey : (see d. 


1638 (Faunt,!, 




^ Hacker) 


Francis H. 


1 


see ped. II) below) 


d. 1649: 






Jane 








widow of 






Elizabeth 






xviii 


Sir Henry 






Mary 




= 2. Elizabeth 1 Gresley : 


Beaumont, 












see ped. VI) 


mother of 
Barbara who 
= Sir John 
Harpur, and 
of Dorothy 
who = Sir 
Nicholas Wilmot 








.S.J 


5hn H., 


1 II 1 1 
= Barbara Dorothy 


Rich. H., Rev. John H. 


-T- I. Mary 


1 1 
Henry H. 


d. 1627, ■ 


(Beaumont), = Hen. 


d. unm. Rector of 


(Ballidon) 


Joseph H. 


without issue 


who married Gilbert 


Morley 








2. SirWoI- Catharine 
Stan Dixie = Sir 






























John (or 












=P2. Mary (Gresley, 




Roger) 












1 XX : see ped. II) 




Cooper 












1 






Isabel 












nH.,=r Mary 


1 




Jane 


Richard H. Joh 


Dorothy 




Henry H. 


Elizabeth of Little- | (Walker) 






Mary over | 












Jo 


y 


-e 






■\- 





Note.— ^w Richard Harpur's other brothers and sisters were :— John = Dorothy Dethick : 
George, William, Francis, and Thomas, who all died without issue : Winifred = John Browne : 
Dorothy ^ John White : Jane =; Patrick Lowe : Isabella =z Sir Philip Sherard ; and Winifred, 
who died without issue. 



Cox's Derbyshire Churches ii. 4-5, iii. 5 

Collins's Baronetage, 1741. 

Noble's Glover's Derbyshire (1829), 

pp. 184-6, c&C. 
Nichols' Leicestershire iii. a, 885. 



262 



The Greskys of Drakcloiue 



Fed. XXXIV. 
Hastings. 



HASTINGS 



-argent a maunch sable [?].) 



Sir Ralph de Hastings, =p 
d. 1398 ^1 =i 

I I 

Margaret 



1. Isabel (Sadyngton) 

2. Maud (Sutton) 



Sir Ralph de H., _ . 

d. 1405 ^Elizabeth: 

d. 1437 without 
issue 



Sir Rich, de H. Sir Leonard de H.,^ Alice, dau. 

— Fi;,!,hpth- d. 1456 I of Lord 

Camoys 



Sir William de H., =p Catherine, 


Richard H., 


= Joan, dau. 


1 
Sir Thomas =p Anne 


Lord Hastings, 


widow of Ld. 


Lord Welles, 


of Lord 


Ferrers of 


d. 1483 


Harington, dau. 

of the Earl of 

Salisbury 


d. 1503 


Welles, 
d. 1505 

Sir Ralph 


Tamworth 

.iv — 1 
Sir Thomas = Anne 
Gresley 

de H. ::pAnneiTat- 








1 tershall; 


i 1 

Florence 


1 1 
Isabel 


xiu 1 III 
Sir John Gresley = Emma Anne 


= Edw. Lord 


= Sir John 




= Sir Hum- 


Grey of Wil- 


Dive 




phrey Elton 


ton 


Elizabeth (Anne, 




Cecilia 


Catherine 


Maud ; = Sir 




= Sir John 


= Sir John 


John Longue- 




Harcourt 


Norwich 


ville 






Alice ? 



H. N. Bell's Huntingdon Peerage 

(182OJ, p. 12. 

Nichols' Leicestershire, iii. 608, 

n. 7. 
Collins' Peerage (1812), vi. 648. 
Stcmmata Chicheleana (1765% 

no. 24: Suppl. (1775), nos. 318, 

351, 35=- 354- 



Pedigrees 



263 



Fed. XXXV. 

Heathcote. 



HEATHCOTE 



-ermine three pomeis each charged with a cross or.) 



Michael Heathcote^ (1750) Rachel, dan. of Rich, 
of Buxton, son of I Edensor : b. 1715, d. at 
George: b. 1710, Balcewcll 



1 xxi 
Sir. lohn Edensor H.,=F Anne Gr 


esley 1 James Justin Be 


nt, M.D.=p Elizabeth 


Kt.,of Langt 


an Hall, 


b. May 1 1 


1755, 




-K 




Staffordshire 


Sheriff 


d. Sept. 


1797 








of that county, 1784; 












d. Oct. 25, 


1822 






















1 1 n 








1 




(order 




XXV 








doubtful) 


Rich. Edensor H.,=j 


pi. (1808) Emma 


John, b. Jan. 


Anne, b. 


NigelWilL, 


Selina 


b. Oct. 25, 1780: 


Sophia .Gres- 


29, 1782 : 


War. 20, 


b. Dec. 16, 


= John 


M.P. for Coventry 


ley i, d. 1813 


deaf and 


1783, d. 


1786,= 


Fenton 


1826, and Stoke 


2. (1815 Lady 


dumb : = 


May 7, 


... (Mat- 


Caroline 


upon Trent 1835 : 


Elizabeth 


Emma 


1786 


thews i,d. 


= Col. 


d. at Geneva, 


Keith (Lind- 


Tudor and 


Louisa 


without 


Stisted 


May 28, 1850 


say), d. 1825 : 


liad8 


Wilmot, 


issue 


Frances 




she had 2 


children, of 


b. June 


Henry, b. 


=Dr.Rich. 




daughters, 


whom the 


12, 1784, 


Dec. 31, 


Bent, her 




Elizabeth 


7th, Caroline 


= Alex. 


1787: 


1st cousin 




Keitli.d. 1819, 


Lechmere = 


Carroll 


Major in 


Charles, 




and Eliz. Anne 


the late 


Maria, b. 


the Army: 


deaf and 




who = Rev. 


Henry 


Aug. 3i> 


d. 1829 


dumb, b. 




E. J. Edwards 


Cohen.Esq., 


1785 


without 


Sept. 1797 




and had issue* 


and has 




issue 






3. Susanna 


issue 










tCooper, : she 












had 3 chil- 












dren, George. 












William, and 












Michaul Eden- 












sor 










1 
John Edcns 


or H - Marianna 


.Anna'Mat 


ia, Nigel Thomas Edensor, 


d. without 


issue 


Sandford) 


d. 1824 


in 


R. Navy: d. 


unm. 



Family Notebooks. 
Information from E. D. Heathcote, 
Esq., 1898. 



One son was the James Edwards mentioned on p. 153. 



264 



The Gresleys of Drakeloive 



Ped. XXXVI. 

Inge. 



INGE, of Thorpe Constantine 

(Arms : — or on a chevron vert three leopards' faces of the first.) 



Elizabeth 

Jane 

Millicent 



Richard Inge,^ i. Jane, or Susannah (Ives), who 

of Leicester I brought Thorpe Constantine 

2. Mary (, Watts) 

William I.,^ i. Elizabeth (Ashby\ who had a : 
d. 1662 William, who d. young 

=p 2. Elizabeth (Tunsted^, d. 1655 
I 3. Martha (Ruding) 



William I., -- 
Sheriff of Staffs., 
d. l6go 



: Frances (Gresley), Thomas I. Rev. Nathaniel | 

d. 1712 Richard I. Selleck =Susan 



I., =p Elizabeth 



b 1669, 

d. 1731 : 

M.P. for 

Tamworth, 


(Ph 
d. 


Hips) 
1728 


antiquary 







John I. 



I 

Richard I., -7- Elizabeth 

Rector of (Mugeston) 

Nether 

Seile, d. 

1748 



Dyott 
Susanna 
Bridget 
Elizabeth 
Martha 
Mary 



Frances, d. Theodore Will. I., =j= Henrietta 



Willi; 



without issue 
Elizabeth 
= J.Fal- 



l,Wrottesley), 
1790 



I I I 

Frances William I.,^ Ann Henrietta 

d. 1785 (Hall), 



Ml I 

Frances Will. Phillips I.. 
Henrietta b. 1773, d. 1838 



Lady Elizabeth 

Stewart, dau. 

of the Earl of 

Galloway 



Lt.-Col. Will, 
d. 1870 



I 

Rev. George I., 
Fell, of All 
Souls Coll., 

Oxford: d. 1881 



I ' I I 

Charles I., 

Lt.-Col., 

d. 1874 

Harriet 

Susan 



Rector of 

Thorpe : b. 

1722, d. 

1807 



I 
: Elizabeth Others 
(Fowler) 



Elizabeth 
— Rev. John 
Oldershaw 

William I. 

Rev. Charles I. 



Richard L, 
d. 1841 



■ Mary 
(Fowler) 



1 1 1 


1 


~ 






Mary = R 


ev. Rev. Charles I., =F Mary 


H. Older- d. 1858 


Anne 


Shaw 




(Older- 


Elizabeth 




shaw) 


Harriet 






Anne 








1 1 1 
Sophia Eliza- 


1 
Rev. Will. L,=p Susanna 




beth 


Provost of 


Mary 




Mary Louisa 


Wore Coll., 


(Churton) 




=T.M.How 


Oxford 






Harriet = A. 


, 


, 




Hinckley 







1 1 1 1 

Charles Henry I. = H. (Gifford) 

Rev. Tho. Lester I. 

John Walter I. 

Rev. F. G. I. = Cath. (Spooner) 



Shaw's Staffordshire i. 409. 
Burke's Landed Gentry (1846) i. 633. 
Manuscript pedigree in the hands of the Provost 
of Worcester College, 0.\ford. 



Pedik 



265 



LEE, or LEES, of Ladyhole 

(Arms : — azure three ducal coronets or a border argent.) 
Alkmond Lee ^ Anne (Mellor) 



John L., =p Bennet (Ashton), 
purchased Lady- d. 1664 

hole, 1618 



John L. =p Elizabeth, dau. of William L. Mary 

Geo. Gregson Humphrey L. Frances 

Henry L. Bennet =. George 

Allsopp 



William L. 
John L. 
Walter L. 
George L. 



Thomas Gresley =p Elizabeth 

I 



Papers at Drakelovve, 
Brit. Mus. MS. Harl. 6104. 



Fed. 
XXXVIL 



266 



The Greslcys of Drakeloivc 



Ped. 
XXXVIII. 

Leigh. 



LEIGH, of West-Hall 

(Arms : — or a lion rampant gules.) 



Egerton Lcigli =p Ann (Yates) 
1 



Pete 


rL. 


"T 


Mary fDo 


ghty , 


1 
Egerton L. 


1 1 
An 


1 


d. 


Via 




of Broad 


veil, 


Thomas L. 


Mn 


rv 








CO. Glo 


uc. 


Hamlet L. 


Eli 


zabcth 



I I III I M 

Peter L., Egerton L., =F(i778 Elizabeth The. Hodges L. Mary 

d. young, of West-Hall Uodrell), d. Peter Neve L. Anne 

in 1750 and Twemlow, 1807 Timothy L. Elizabeth 



I III h : I 

Egerton L., ^(1809) Wilhclmina. dau. of Peter L. Emma 

b. Aug. 23, 1779, I George Stratton, Esq , Jodrell L. Augusta 

d. Oct. 5, 1865 ofTew, CO, Oxon. : she Mary Anne Caroline 

d. Nov. 24, 1849 Charlotte Harriet 



Egerton L.,^ (1842) Lydia 
b. March 7, I Rachel .Wright) 
1815 I 



I I i I '^'^v I 

Eleanor Agnes, Charles Gresley ^ Augusta 

b. Apr. 17, (see ped. VII; 

181 1, d. unm. 

Nov. 20, 1837 
Anna Elizabeth, 

b. Apr. 26, 

Beatrice Julia 

Caroline 

Emma 



Helsby's Ormerod's Cheshi 
i- 436-7- 



Pedigrees 



267 



LEVETT 



(Arms : — argent a lion rampant between three crosses crosslet fitchy 
sable, a bordure engrailed azure charged with four crosses crosslet 
fitchy and four fleurs-de-lys alternately or.) 



Theophilus Levett =p Mary (Babington) 



Pen. 
XXXIX. 

Levett. 



Thomas L.,=j 

of Wichnor 

Park 


= (1762:) Catherine, 
dau. of Charles 
Floyer and 
Susanna ^Willington) 


Richard L. 


An'ne 



Rev. Thorn; 

d. without 

1843 



Vilmot Maria 
(Gresley) 



Burke's Landed Gentry (1816; i. 725. 



LONGFORD 

See STAFFORD II 



Longford. 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



Ped. XL. 
Madan. 



MADAN 



(Arms : — sable a falcon or preying on a duck argent, on a chief of 
the second a cross botonny gules) 



Spencer IVIadan, D.D., Chaplain =pi. Lady Charlotte (Corn- 



in Ordinary to the King, 

Bp. of Bristol and of 

Peterborough, b. 1727 or '28 : 

son of Col. Martin Madan, 

M.P., and Judith (Cowper) 

aunt of the poet : Spencer 

d. 1813 



wallis), dau. of the 
first Earl Cornwallis : 
she d. 1794 
= 2. Mary(Vyse), who 
d. without issue 1827 



I 
Spencer M., D.D., ^(1791) Henrietta 



Vicarof St. Philip' 
Birmingham, Rector 
of Ibstock Canon of 
Lichfield: b. Aug. 25, 
1758, d. Oct. 9, 1836 



(Ingel, see ped. 

XXXVI: b. 1745, 

d. 1816 



I 

William Charles M. 

— Frances (Falconer) 

he d. 1830, without 

issue 



Major-Gen. ^Charlotte 
George Warde, I d. 1832 
d. 1830 I 



Spencer M., 
Vicar of Bath 
Easton, 
Canon of 
Lichfield : 
b. Oct. 6, 
1791. d. 
Aug. 27, 
1851 



XXV 

Elizabeth 

(Gresley), 



WilliLi'iT.,b. 


M Mi 

Charlotte, b. 1794, 


1793, d. 1824 
Frederick M., b. 


d. 1825 
Henrietta Anne, 


1797: Elder 
Bro. of the 


b. 1795, d. 1829 : 
=Hon. James H. 


Trinity House: 


Keith Stewart, 


d. 1863: ^1. 


and had issue 


( 1832) Harriet 


Penelope Frances, 


(Graham), and 


b. 1802. d. 1868, 


had issue : = 


= P.St. L.Gren- 


2. 1852) Cath- 


fell, and died 


erine^Stewart) 
Charles M., b. 


without issue 
Maria, b 1804, d. 


1798, d. 1818 
Henry M., b. 


1858 
(George M. «^) 



George M.,: 
b. 1807 : 
Vicar of 
Cam, & St. 
Mary Red- 
cUffe at 
Bristol, 
Rector of 
Dursley, 

Hon. 
Canon of 
Gloucester 
and Bristol 
Cathedrals: 



Mary Judith, b. 
I8i3,d. 1872,= 
Arthur Stewart, 
and had issue 



; (1837 , Harriet 

(Gresley), 

b. 1813 

(see ped. VII) 



I ! I I II 
Spencer M., 

1827, d. 1829 
Louisa Mary, 

1828, d. 1857 
HenriettaFrances, 

b. 1830, d. 1857 

Charlotte, b. 1831 

Spencer M., b 

1832, Rector o 

Standon.d. 1869 

= Fanny vSalt) 

and had issue 

William M., b 

i834,Capt. intht 

Army. d. 1871,= 

Georgina (Cros 

by), and had issue 



II II 

Charles M., b. 1836, 
R. N. ^Midship- 
man), d. 1854. 

Martin M., b. 1838. 

Nigel M., b. 1840, 
Hon. Canon of 
Southwell Cathe- 
dral, = (1883) 
Elizabeth Hen- 
rietta, dau. of the 
Hon. H. E. J. 
Howard, Dean of 
Lichfield. Nigel 
is K' ector of West 
Hallam, Derby- 
shire 

Penelope Maria, b. 
1844 



I I I I 

Henry George M., 
b. 1838 : .Senior 
Fellow of Oueen's 
Coll., Oxford 

James Russell M., 
b. 1841 : Priest in 
the Roman Catho- 
lic Church 

Mary, b. 1844 

Arthur Cornwallis 
M., b. 1846 : Stu- 
dent of Ch. Ch., 
Oxford : at Zanzi- 
bar 



M I 

William Nigel M., 
b. 1848: retired 
Commander.R.N.: 
now at Elswick : 
= (1887) Theresa 
Marie Euphemia 
(Robeson), and 
has issue 

Falconer M., b. 
185 1 : Fellow of 
Brasen. Coll., Ox- 
ford : = (1885) 
Frances J. (Hay- 
ter), and has issue 

Edith Harriet, b. 
1855 



Pedigrees 



269 



MARLBOROUGH 

See SPENCER-CHURCHILL 



Marl, 
borough. 



MILWARD 

(Arms : — ermine on a fess gules three plates.) 



Ped. XLI. 

Milward. 



William Milward, ^ Ann (Kniveton) 
of Eaton, co. I 
Derby | 

Robert M. =^ Alicia (Savage) 
I 



Robert M. =^ Margery (Dethick), Henry M. ^ ... 

I see ped. XXII 

William M. cp Katharine (Fleetwood) John M. =j= , 

Sir Thomas M., =p ... (Beresford) John M. 

Puisne Justice of 

the County 

Palatine of 

Chester, 1638-47 



I ^^^ I 

Robert M., =p Dorothy (Gresley), John M., = ... Sir Hen. = Fc 

d. 1632 who = 2. Dr. (Whitehalgh) Agard 

Edw. Wilmot 



Sir John Bowyer, ;= Mary 
see ped. XV 



Derbyshire Visitation, 1662-3. 
Derbyshire Pedigrees, a MS. owned by 

S. P. Wolferstan, Esq. 
Harl. Soc. xxxviii. 577. 



270 TJic Grcslcys of Drakelowe 



Ped. xlii. 
Mcntford. 



MONTFORD 

(Arms : — bendj' of six or and azure.) 



Sir Baldwin Mcntford, ^ Joan, sister of Sir 
of Coleshill I Richard Vernon 

Sir Simon M., =r Anne. dau. of Robert M. Richard M. 3 daughters 

executed 1494 Sir Rich. Verney, Thomas M. William M. 
of Compton 



I I I xiv I I I 

John M. := Anne, dau. of Anne Thomas M., =f= Elizabeth, Mary = Rich. 

Sir Rich. Har- =: Thomas occ. 1491- 

court (widow Strange 
of Henry 
Lord Saye) 



of Burdet 

Sir John William M. 
Gresley Henry M. 



Anna (Longford) 
Jocosa (Ruggeley) 



Visitations of Warwickshire and Essex. 
Dugdale's Warwickshire, and ed. 1.1765), 
P- 715- 



Pedigrees 



271 



MONTGOMERY 

(Arms : — or an eagle displayed gules.) 



Ped. XLIII. 

Mont- 
gomery. 



William de Montgomery, 
occ. 1249 



Sir Will, dc M.,=p. 



Will. deM.,= Alice, Sir Walter de M. ?=p i. ... Anna? = 


d. without occ. 1332 d. 1323 vii Sir John 


issue, 1324 2. Johanna 'Gresley, Swynner- 


ncc Stafford) ton. who 


S 


1 occ. 1310 


1 1 

r Walter de M., =F Matilda Will, de M., =: Philippa 


'consanguineLiset 


killed 1323 


heres Willelmi ' 




de M. : occ. 




1339-68 




Sir Nicholas de M., =F Eleanor Sir John Fitzherbert= Margaret 


occ. 1386-7 
Sir I 


: d. 1435 1 (Chevesey) 


Nicholas M., =F Johanna, dau. of Roger M., 


d. 1494 j Sir Nich. Longford occ. 1394-5 


1 ^^ III II 


I. Sir John M.=F Elizabeth = 2. Sir John Ralph, Isabel = Hen. Ann 


^Gresley) Giffard d. without Sacheverell = Lewis 




issue before Margaret or Bagot 




his brother Joan = John Katherine 




Kniveton, of = Will. 






Mercaston Bowden 
rothv^FSir Tho. Giffard, who 


Ellen = Sir John Vernon Do 


Ann = John Browne, = 2. Ursula Throg- 


ofSnelston morton 


Sir John Port, ^ Elizabeth, 


of Etwall, 


who prede- 


founder of 


ceased her 


Repton School 


husband 


and Hospital 




in 1556, by his 






Will 





1 1 

Walter 
Thomas 



I I I 
., J Elizabeth ) 

"'<^>'™"f D„„thy alive in 1556 

Margaret J 

Reliquary xv. 7. 

Cox's Derb. Churches iii. 91. 

R. Bigsby's Repton (1854), Hist. p. 103. 



272 The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



Ped. xliv. 
More. 



MORE, of Larden 

(Arms : — sable a swan close argent within a bordure engrailed or.) 
Edward More t= Elizabeth (Cludd) 

John M. Thomas M. =j= Margaret William M. 

(Cressett) Richard or Robert M. 

I I m m 

Jasper M. -p Eliza, dau. of Richard M. Jane 

b. 1547, I Nicholas Smalley Edward M. Mary 

d. 1613 Charles M. Elinor 

m i ^^i TTTTi 

Richard M. Joan =p John Gresley Elinor 

John M. 1 Elizabeth 

Walter IH. 4, Bridget 

Worcestershire Katherine 

and Bristol Mary 
Gresleys 
(see p. 135) 



Shropshire Visitation, 1623. 



Pedig}-ees 



273 



MOREWOOD 



(Arms : — vert a tree argent fruited or.) 



Fed. XLV. 
More- 
wood. 



Rowland Morewood =p Catherine (Stafford) 

! 

John M., =p Grace Anthony M.^ Frances 4 sons Gilbert M., =p Frances 
d. 1647 (Hurst), I (Redhill) 8 daugh- bapt. Dec. (Salmon) 

d. 1647 ters 21.1586: 

Will dated 
I May ir, 

I I I '^30 

Rowland M., :p ... Rowland M., Anthony M., =p ... 
b. 1613, bapt. July twin with I 

d. 1658 I 16, 1615 : Rowland 

^ d. 1647 I 

4 daughters 



Sir Thomas Rich = Barbara Sin 



I ^^ 1 

Bennet = Grace Sir Thomas =: Frances 
Gresley 



Harleian Sec. x.Kxix. 1062-4. 
Hunter's Hallamshire (1819), 274. 



The Gresleys of Drakeloive 



Fed. XLVI. 
Mulsho. 



MULSHO, of Findern 



(Arms :— ermine on a bend sable three g:oat3' heads erased of the first 
horned and bearded or.) 



John Moulshoe ^ . 
or Mulsho, of I 
Goldington 



John M., : 
d. 1399-1400 



John M. ^ Alice 

John M., ::p ... 
of Findern I 



John M.,=pElizabeth ;Stukcley) 
d. 1535-6 I 



Robert M. ^ Eleanor (Cotton) Sir Geo. Gresley cp Margaret 

Thomas M. ^ Margery (Digby) \. 



Bridges' Northamptonshire. 



Oakeley. 



OAKELEY 

See WALCOT 



Ottley. 



OTTLEY 

5.V WAI.COT 



Pedigrees 



275 



REID 

5ft' WALCOT 



Reid. 



SOMERSET 



(Arms :— argent on a fess France and England quarterly within 
compony argent and azure. j 



Ped, XLVII. 
Somerset, 



Charles Somerset, : 

Earl of Worcester, 

d. 1526 



Henry S., =pi. Margaret, 
~ • "" oftheEa 



Earl of W. 
d. 1548 



Devonshire 
(Courtenay) 
Elizabeth 



Sir Char 
Kt. 



1. (1492') Elizabeth, dau. of the Earl 

of Huntingdon (Herbert' 

2. Elizabeth, dau. of Lord Delawarr 

(West) 

3. Eleanor, dau. of Lord Dudley: 

she d. without issue 



Sir George S.,-p Mary 



)f Lord Grey 
Sir Tho. of Wilton 
Bowles 



: Elizabeth 
(,Gresley) 



Edw. Barret ;= An 



George 



Doyle's Baronage. 
Collins' Peerage 1^1 



276 



The Grcsleys of Drakelozve 



Ped. xi.viii. 
Somervile. 



SOMERVILE 



(Arms : — azure three spread-eagles between nine crosses crosslet or : 
probably at first the field was crusily.) 



Cicely (de Lemesi), 
Stockton 



vvaiLcr -T-v^iLei^ 

de Somerville, of 

occ. 1 1 65 

oger -p 
i., 00c. 
190 



Roger ^ Edelina, dau. of Robt. 
de S., 00c. I Boteler, of Ingleby 
1190 



Roger de S 

of Stockton, CO. 

Warwick : d. 

or bef. 1 201 



= Mau 
1. Coss 
n Leic, 

I '■ 



Maud, Lady of 

ossington, co. 

probably 



Ralph Griin = Idonea 



Geoffrey =: Margaret 
de Gresley 



Roger de S. : 
under age in 
East. T. 1220 



dc Berkeston =; Elizabeth 



John de S., =p. 
d. i279-8( 



Sir Robert 

deS 

d. 1296-7 



[obert =p 
, Kt, 
36-7 



Isabel (de Merlay) 



Joan 



SIX sons : 

all died without 

male issue 



Salt Soc. iv. I. 14. 
Bodl. MS. Dodsw. cxxii. p. 40. 
Shaw's Staffordsh. i. 126. 
Dugd. Warw. and ed. ii. 341. 



Pedigrees 



277 



Ped. XLIX. 

Southwell. 



SOUTHWELL 



(Arms : — argent three cinquefoils gules each charged with six annulets or [!].) 



Francis Southwell =^ Dorothy (Tendring) 

Sir Richard S. =p i. Thomasine, dau. of Sir thr 

^1 Robt. Darcy, of Dan- 

I bury, CO. Essex 

I ^ 2. Mary, dau. of Thomas 

Elizabeth \ Darcy, of Danbury : 

= George ? but all her children 

Heneage 5 were born before 

\ marriage 



Richard S. 

^ Bridget 
\. (Copley) 
Thomas S., d. 
1609, unm., 
aged 60 



Katherine 

-Thomas 

Audley : 

shed. 

1611, 

aged 79 



Mary, = 
d. without 
issue, 



: r. Henry, son of Sir 
Thomas Paston 

2. (15731 Will. Drury, 

LL.D., d. 1589 

3. (1592) Robt. Forde, 

D.C.L.,d. 1595 
xvii 

4. Sir Thomas Gresley 



Dorothy 



Norfolk Visitation, 1563. 
Brit. Mus. MS Harl. 1552, fol. .)8. 
Jos. Edmondson's Baronagium 
Gencalogicum, vi, fol. 33. 



278 



The Gresleys of Dmkelozue 



Ped. l. 
Spencer- 
Churchill, 
Dukes of 

Marl- 
borough. 



SPENCER-CHURCHILL 

(Arms :— quarterly ist and 4th sable a lion rampant argent on the canton 
of the last a cross gules : 2nd and 3rd quarterly argent and gules, in 
the 2nd and 3rd a fret or : over all on a bend sable three escallops of 
the first {/or Spencer : in chief an escutcheon of pretence argent 
charged with the cross of St. George gules, on an inescutcheon azure 
three fleurs-de-lys or.) 

George Spencer-Churchill, ^ (1791^ Susan (Stewart), dau. of 
5th Duke of Marlborough, John, 7th Earl of Galloway: 

b. 1766, d. 1840 she d. 1841 



1 
George S.-C, 
6th Duke of Marl- 
borough, b. 1793, 
d. 1857 



I. (1819' J.ine Stewart"), 
dau. of George, 8th 
Earl of Galloway : 
she d. 1844 

=p 2. (1846I Charlotte 

Augusta (Flower'i, 

I dau. of Viscount 

,(^ Ashbrook : she d. 
1850 

=P3. I'lSji") Jane Frances 
Clinton Stew'art), 
first cousin of Jane 
Stewart above 



John Winston S.-C, =p [1843^ Frances A. E. Vane- 
7th Duke of Marl- 1 Stewart . dau. of the 

borough, b. 1822, Marquess of Londonderry : 

d. 1883 she d. 1899 



daughter 



George Charles S.-C, - 


r I. (1869) Albertha F. A. 


Lord 


3 sons 


8th Duke of Marl- 


{Hamilton , dau. of 


Randolph 


6 daughters 


borough, b. May 13, 


the Duke of Aber- 


Churchill, 




1844, d. Nov. 9, 1B92 


corn 


b. 1849, 






2. (1888 1 Jane Lilian 


d. 1895 






Warren Price\ 








widow of Lewis 








Hamersley : she = 








2. Lord William 








Beresford, V.C. 






xxvU 1 


1 




1 1 


Sir Robert =p Frances 


Charles Richard: 


p (1895) Consuelo, 


Lilian Maud, b. 


Gresley Louisa, 


John S.-C. 9th 


dau. 


ofW. K. 


July 9, 1873: 


b. Sept. I 


5, Duke of Marl- 


Vanderbilt. Esq., 


marr. (1898) 


1870 


borough, b. Nov. 


ofN 


ew York 


C. A. Gren- 


^ 


13, 1871 

John Albe 






fell, Esq. 
Norah Beatrice 
Harriette, b. 
Sept. I, 1875 




rt Edward 


Ivor Charles 




William S -C, 




S.-C. 




Marquis of Blandford, 


b. 1898 




b. 1 


897 







Pedigrees 



279 



Ralph ii de To 



STAFFORD, I, II 

chevron gules between three martlets sable.) 
Godehildis 



Roger i de Toe 
(see ped. I) 



:Avice, dau. of Richard 

Fitz-Gilbert, Lord 

of Clare 



Ped LI. 

Stafford 



Robert dc S., =p Av 
d. abt. 1 176 



Nigel de Stafford ^ ... 
(see below) | 

A- 

Gresley family 
(ped. II) 



I I 

Robert, Nicholas, 

both d. without issue 



I 

Hervey Bagot, ^ Millicent 
afterw. Lord Stafford I 



Hervey de Stafford, ^ Petronilla, sister of 
d. 1237 I William de Ferrers, 

I Earl of Derby 

Barons and Earls 
of Stafford 



William ^Alditha (Vernon) 
de Stafford 1 

Staffords of Sandon, 

Gralton and Southwick 

(see next pedigree but one) 



(Longford arms : — paly of six or and gules, over all a bend argent.) 



Nigel de Stafford : 
(see above) 



Fed. LII. 

Stafford 

(Longford) 



William fitz Nigel ^. 

de Gresley ,i), 
occ. 1 129 : prob. 



Gresley 
family 
(ped. II) 



Nicholas fitz Nigel : 

de Longford, dead 

in 1 166 



sd hi: 



Simon Nigel de ^ Cecilia Rogerus := Felicia 

William, Bubinton, I (Hathersedge) Duredent 
occ. 1 166 or Longford, 



170 

Nigel de ^ ... 
Longford 



Ohver fitz Nigel ^ Avicia, or Agnes 
de Longford, I .Horbury ?) who 
occ. 1 193. dead | survived him 
in I2Q7 -^ 



28o 



The Greslcys of Drakelozve 



Fed. LIII. 
Stafford 



STAFFORD, III 



Hervey Bagot =F Millicent (de Stafford) 



Hervey de Stafford, =pPetronilIa (de 
Lord Stafford, Ferrers) 

d. 1237 



Sir Will, de Stafrord,=pAIditha (Vernon) 
Kt., of Broomshull, 
occ. 1251-3 



HervevdeS., Robert de S.,=f Alice Sir Will. de^^Ermentrude Sir Robert ^Gundreda, 
Lord S., d. Lord S., d. 1 Corbet) S., Kt. , (Fitz- de S., Kt. d. abt. 

1241 128a Walkelin) 



Nicholas de S., =F Alianora, Sir Will, de S. ; 
Lord S., d. dau. of Lord Kt. 

abt. 1293 Clinton 

Edmund de S., ^ Margaret, dau. 
Lords., I of Lord Basset 



I I I 

Ralph deS.,T= Margaret, Rich, de S., Mary 

Earl of dau. of Lord S., = Sir 

>., d. 137a Lord d. 1381 ' James 

Audley de S. 



Isabella, Sir Peter =p Joanna 
occ. de Gresley, I 
1309 Kt. 1 



^11 III 

Ermentrude 
= Robt. 
Towke 

Elizabeth 
= WiIl. de 

Reyna 
= Tho. de 
KoUeston 

Ida 

= James de 
Eccleshall 

Agnes 

- Tho. de 
Walsing- 
ham 



Hugh de .S., Margaret =pSir John de S. 

Earl of S., 4. 



Sir James de S.=pMary, dau, of 
I Edmund Lord 
Stafford 



Thomas Erdeswick = Margaret 



[The above is a working pedigree, but not all proved. The following authorities are some 
which may be compared, but will be found to differ considerably :— Dugdale's Baronage i. 172: 
Staffordshire Visitations in Salt Soc. v. 2. 251 : John Campbell's Stafford Peerage (1818) : 
Lysons' Derbyshire, p. 156 : Erdeswick's Staffordshire, ed. Harwood, pp. 45-6 : cf. Salt Soc. ii. 
I. 273, V. I. 62, ix. I. 20 : Cox's Derbyshire Churches iii. 211 sqq. For Longford, see Metcalfe's 
Derbyshire pedigrees (Genealogist N.S. viii. 17) : Chetham Soc. xlii. 113 : Thoroton's Nurthants 
(1790) iii. 145,61. 



Pedigrees 



281 



STANLEY and ARDERNE 

(Stanley arms :— quarterly ist and 4th argent on a bend vert three bucks' 
heads caboshed or, 2nd and 3rd azure on a chief indented argent three 
plates. 

Arderne arms : — argent a fess chequy or and azure [?].) 



Sir John de = 
Arderne of 

Elford, d. 

abt. 1316 



: Margaret 
(Griffin) 



I others | 

Sir William Stanley =p. I oan rde SirJohn=p Alice Will, de ^Cecilia 

Bamvilej de A. I (Venables) Wasteneys 



Ped. LIV. 
Stanley 

and 
Arderne. 



Sir John S. 



Mabel 
(Hausket) 



■(1375") Alice 
(? : IVIassey) 



John dc A., =^ i. Joan (de Stokeport) 
J- '349 T^2- Elena (de Wastene3'S 
) his cousin, who sur 

\ vived him) 

Sir Thomas =p Matilda 
(Stafford) 



ir i nomas -p 
deA., ( 

d. 1391 



Sir John S. =7= Isabel 
(Lathom) 



Sir John de A., -j- Margaret 



b. abt. 1370, d. 
July 16, 1408 



Sir John S. 



I I 

: Isabel Alice = i. Sir Sir Thomas =pj 

(Harington) Tho. Dutton, Stanley, 



(Pilkington), 

who survived 

him 



2. Sir John 
Wotton 



d. May 13, 
1463 



Matilda(deArderne), 
sole heiress : b. 
July 2, 1396 

...(.by whom he had 
a son George, who 
married Eleanor 
Dudley) 



Sir John S.,=;i. Cecilia (de Arderne) 



b. abt. 1423 : 
d. 1474? 



2. Matilda, dau. of Sii 

Rich. Vernon : see 
pedigree LXII 

3. Anne (Hansacrel, 

widow of Sir Will. 
Norrcys 



xiii I 

Sir John = Anne 
Gresley 



John S., 



: Elizabeth 
(Vernon) 
(seeped. LXII) 



II II 

John, Margery John Ferrers, =: Maude Anne 

1. young :::; Will. Staunton of Tam worth =:Christoplu 

(see ped. XXVI) Savage 



Edw. Richardson's Elford Church (Lond., 
1852, fol.). 

John Seacombe's House of Stanley (Liver- 
pool, abt. 1740, 4'). 



282 



The Gresleys of Drakelowc 



Ped. lv. 
Strelley. 



STRELLEY 



(Arms : — paly of six argent and 



[?]■) 



Sir Robert Strelley =f= Isabel, sister of 
of Strelley : d. Jan. Card. Kempe 

7, 148I 



Sir Nicholas S.,=FKatherine (West) 


John S.,T=Sanche, dau. of Sir 


d. 1491 


dau. of Rich. 


d. Jan. 


Rich. WiUoughby 




Lord Delaware : 


22, 150I 






he d. 147S 






Sir Nicholas = I. Gr, 


ce, dau. of Simon 


John S., Isabel = i. Clement Lowe 


S., d. 1560-1 Digby, Lieut, of the 


d. without 2. — Paynell 


Tower: shed. with- 


issue Margaret = John Powtrell 


out issue 


Elizabeth = Will. Ascough 


2. Ellen (Gresley : xv), 


Anne = i. Rich. Stan- 


d. without issue 


hope 


3. Elizabeth, dau. of Sir 


2. Sir John Mark- 


Jo 


hn Spence 




ham 



Manuscript Pedigree of Strelley, owned in 1852 by 

James Thomas Edge, Esq., of Strelley. 
Thoroton's Northants (1677;, p. 330, 



Stukeley. 



STUKELEY 

See VAVASOUR 



Pedigrees 



283 



Suttcn, 

Lcrd 
Dudley. 



SUTTON 



(Arms : — or a lion rampant vert.) 



John de Sutton, ^Constance, dau. of 
Lord Dudley, I Sir Walter Blount 
d. 1406 

John S, =p Elizabeth, dau. of Sir 
Lord D., I John Berkeley 
d. 1487 





Sir Edmund S., ^ 


= I. Joyce, dau. of John 




d. shortly before 


Lord Tiptoft 




1487 


=i=2. Maud, dau. of Thomas 
1 Lord Clifford 








-f 




Edwards.. =r Cicely, dau. of Sir other 




Lord D., K.G., William Willoughby children 




d. Jan. 31, 




153} 




! M 1 1 M 1 1 1 1 "v 1 


1 1 1 


John S. , =F Cicely, dau. of Edward S. Sir George ^ Katherinc 


Elizabeth 


Lord D., 


Thomas Grey, William S. Gresley 


Joyce 


d. 1553 


Marquis of Constance .f 
Dorset Thomas S. 
k Arthur S. 


Dorothy 


George (?) S. 




Geofl'rey S. 




Eleanor 




Margaret 






Jane 







284 



The Gresleys of Drakelozve 



Ped. lvii. 

Swynner- 

ton. 



SWYNNERTON 



(Arms : — argent a cross fleury sable.) 



John de S.,: 
occ. 1283-4 



Stephen de Svvynnerton, ^ ... 
of Usellwall, occ. 1276 I 



Sir Roge 



e S.,T= Joan (de 
c. 1278 : d. Harstang?) 
abt. 1298 



I I I I 

John de S., Sir Koger=p Matilda Sir John de S., = Anna de Richa 



occ. 1323 


de 


S. 




who abducted 


Mont- Nicholas 








Johanna de 


gomcry) Stephen 








Gresley in 










abt. 1310 




Sir Roger = Mat 


Ida 


Sir Thomas = Matilda (de 


Robert de S. 


de S , d. 




deS.,d. 


Holand; 


Richard de S. 


without 




1361 




Humphrey de S. 


issue bef. 










his father 




Ix 










Sir John =pAlice 








de Gresley | 










-f 







(The precise place of Alice in this pedigree is not yet certain.) 



2. 24, cf. 41, 91. 



Pedigrees 



285 



Fed. LVIII. 
Thorp. 



THORP 



Rev. Thomas Thorp, = 

incumbent of 
Gaddesby abt. 1626 



Thomas T., b. Feb. 3,; 
1754: of Thringston, 
Sheepshead, of Bur- 
leigh House near 
Loughborough, and 
of Over Seile : he es- 
tablished the Bank at 

Loughborough : d. 

Jan. 15, 1840 : buried 

at Nether Seile 



. Mary (Bentley), of 
Sheepshead 

. IVIary (Flavel), widow 
of Thomas Willces, 
of Over Seile : she 


Josiah T. 
Robert T. 


d. without issue 





Rev. Thomas T., =^ Frances Topp 
of Burton Overy (Lee) 



xxiv I 

Rev. William Gresley=^Mary 



I I I 

Thomas T., in 
the Navy, d. 
young 

William T. 

Robert T., in 
Holy Orders 



I I i 

John T., in 
the Army 

Charles T., 
in New 
Zealand 

Henry T. 



Frederick T. 
Frances Topp 
Mary ^ Russell 

Kendal, see 

p. 152 



Manuscript pedigree, dated Jan. 21, 1843. 



TOENI 

Sec Pedigree L 



Ped. LIX. 

Tcplis and 

Wilcock- 

son. 



The Greslcys of Drakelowe 



TOPLIS and WILCOCKSON 



Robert Toplis, ^ iieas) Dorothy, widow 



of Coldbrook 

in Ashleyhey, 

tanner 



of T. Wingfield 



John T., 
of Wirksworth, 



: Mary (Mellor) 



I I 

Robert T., ^ Sarah Dorothy W. Wilst 
of Wirksw., I (Frauncis) 
tanner: d. 
abt. 1738 (S' 



I I 

i:==Mary John ^Elizabeth 

I Wilcockson I 

Ruth 
e below) 



I >"=« I 

John T.,=p (1739) Mary, ^2. John John W., whose Rich. =pFrances, 
dau. Ruth= Wright, 
James Older- d. 1770 

shaw 
John = I. his 
first cousin Ruth 
Wilson, 2. a dis- 
tant relative Ann 
Toplis, who d. 
without issue 



d. April 12, 


dau. of Hen. 


Gresley, 


1745: of 


Bradley, of 


as his 


Wirksw., 


Woodhead. 


second 


tanner 


She d. Sept. 
4, 1766, aged 


wife 




50 


f 


Mary, d. 


1 
Sarah Ellen, 




mm. Apr. 


d. unm. May 




23, i8i3. 


12, 1826, 




aged 72 


aged 81 





I 

Richard W. (d. 
Oct. 14, 1786), 
an eminent 
physician. Fellow 
of Emman. Coll. 
Camb., F.R.S., &c 



John ^ Dorothy 
Gresley | 



Manuscript pedigrees and notes. 



Pedigrees 



Ped. lx. 
Tra£ford. 



TRAFFORD 

(Arms : — argent a griffin segreant gules.) 

William Trafford, ^ Sarah vHomcrslcy) 
d. i62f I 

William T., T^Mary (Bagnald), 
of Svvythamley, d. Feb. 169J 

d. 1697, aged 



William T., Philip T., = Elizabeth (Gresley), 2 sons 7 daughters 

d. young bapt. April bur. Oct. 8. 1674, 

23) 1645, at Macclesfield 

at Leek : 
bur. May 
16, 1676, 
at Mac- 
clesfield 



Information from W. H. B. Bird, Esq., 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



Ped. lxi. 
Vavasour 

and 
Stukeley. 



VAVASOUR and STUKELEY 



(Vavasour arms : — or a fess dancetty sable.) 

(Stukeley arms :— sable on a fess argent three mullets of the field.) 



Dr. William Stukeley, 

the antiquary, b. Nov. 

7, 1687, d. March 

3. 1765 



Thomas 
Hippon 
Vavasour^... 



Richard Fleming 



(Willian 
son) 



Frances, 
b. July 
14, 1729 



John Francis Seymour St. John, ^ Frances 
preb. of Worcester 



Walter v., =pi 
d. 1846 I i 



... (Dawson) 
Charlotte 
(Herbert) 



1 1 1 

Thomas V. 


MarmadukeV.,= 


p Mary Ann 


John V. 


b. March 14, 


Nov. 6, 17 


Mary, the 


1798; M.A., 


married 


youngest 


Curate of 


Severn-St 


child, = 


Severn-Stoke, 


Oct. 19, I 


John H. 


and of Broad- 




Ashworth 


well, Vicar of 

Ashby de la 

Zouch 





John Morewood Gresley.-r- Penelope, b. 
see ped. VU | Aug. 12, 

4^ 1827 



nil 


III 


John St. John v., 


MarmadukeWalter 


b. Dec. 27, 1828, 


V, b. Sept. 30, 


d. in mfancy 


1833 


Frances Barbara, 


Augusta Sophia, b. 


b. Feb. 8, 1830 


Aug. 28, 1835 


MaryAnne Eliza- 


John Francis Stuke- 


beth, b. May II, 


ley v., b. Dec. 2, 


1831 


1837 


Louisa Jane, b. 




June 26. 1832 





Papers of the Rev. J. M. Grcsley. 



Pedigrees 



VERNON, of Haddon Hall 

(Arms :— argent a fret sable.) 



Fed. LXII. 
Verncn. 



William de Vernon,^ r. Margaret (de Stokeport) 
b. abt. 1312, I =2. Matilda i^Curzon) 

occ. 1330 

Sir Rich, de V., = i. Joan (Griffith), 
d. 1377 d. 1368 

-p 2. Juliana (Pembrugge) 



Sir Rich, de V., =pJoan 
b. 1368, I 

d. 1401 



Sir Baldwin Montfort ;= Joan ?, who was 
perhaps dau. of the 
and Sir Richard 



Sir Rich, de V., =j 


= Benedicta 


Sir John Stanley, 


= Matilda? 


b. 1390, 


(Ludlow) 


d. 1474 CO 




Treas. of Calais, 








Speaker of the 








House of Commons, 








d. 1450 









I I I 

Sir Will, v., ^ Margaret Roger V. FulkV., Sir John Stanley, = Elizabeth. 
d. 1467 (Swinfen) occ. 1446 d. 1508 occ. 1451-8 



■ Will, v., 



Sir Henry v., ^ Anne 



Knt. of the 

Bath, b. 14 

d-i5i5 



(Talbot), 
d. 1494 



Richard V. 
Joan 



: Henry Foljambe 



. -p margarec 1 nomas v. sir 
I (Dymock) Humphrey V. 



I III M 

Sir Rich. V. =p Margaret Thomas V. Sir John V. =r Ellen (Mont- Benedicta, 

gomery, who =: Sir 

whose mother William 

was a Gresley 
Gresley) (xv) 

^ Mary, who 
present = Sir 

Lords Vernon Edward 

Aston 



S. Rayner's Haddon Hall, 1836. 

Reliquary, xxi, pi. xv. 

Essex Visitation, 1612. 

Information from the Hon. G. Wrottesley. 



290 



The Greslcys of Drakelowe 



Prd. LXIII. 

Vincent. 



VINCENT, of Sheepy 



-azure three quatrefoils argent.) 



George Vincent, = 
of Sheepy, d. 
1707, aged 82 



: Elizabeth (Tovey) 



George V., 
Rector of 
Sheepy, 



Elizabeth (Haly), 
d. 1721 



1. v., =p Anne 
174J I (Gregory), 
d. 1739 



other children 



Silvester V., : 
Rector of 
Sheepy, 
d. 1758 



: (see below) other children 



iVilliam v., T 


p 


I. (1729) Hannah 


Nathaniel Whaley, = Elizabeth 


b. 1686, 


(Thompson) 


D.D. chi 


Rector of 


^2. (I73t) Hannah, 




Sheepy, 




dau. of Edw. 




d. 1740 




Reynolds:she 
= 2. Silvester 




1 


Vincent her 




Richard v., 


first cousin. 




b. 1730 


and d. 1772 





1 


xxui 1 


1 


1 


Villiam v., 


Thomas Gresley = Elizabeth, 


Hannah, 


a dau., d. in 


b. '735, 


b. 173=, 


b- 1734, 


infancy 


d. 1737 


d. 1769 


d. unra. 1808 





Nichols' Leicestershire iv, pt. 2, pp. 933-4. 
Information from R. S. Boddington, Esq. 



Pedigri 



29 1 



WALCOT and OTTLEY and OAKELEY and REID p^d. lxiv. 

Walcot 

(Walcot arms : — argent a bend [or, a chevron] between three chess 

rooks ermine. 

Ottley arms :— argent on a bend azure three oat-sheaves or. 

Oakeley arms : — argent on a fesse between three crescents gules as 

many tleurs-de lys or. 

Reid arms :— argent an eagle displayed with two heads sable charged 

on the breast with an escutcheon gules.) 

Humphrey Walcot =p Alice, dau. of Rich. Halsey 



and 

Ottley 

and 

Oakeley 

and 

Reid. 



Humphrey W. ^ Anne (Docwra) 



Richard W. =p ? EUzatjeth (,Gresley) 



Sir Tho. W. ^ ... John W. 

i I 

Humphrey W. Humphrey W., 
William W. b. 1633, M.P. 



= I. Elizabeth 

(Lucy) 
=^2. Elizabeth 
(Clarke) 



Sir Samuel 
Baldvvyn 



Ann who had fir 

Charles W. = Mary 

(Barbara fis-) (Waring) 

John W. 
George W. 
Thomas W. 
Alice 
Beatrice 



Oakeley =^ Barbara, who 



; 2. Sir Willi, 
Gresley (xxi 



Thomas Ottley, 

of Pitchford, 
b. 1650, d. 1695 



Ml 1 


i 1 1 1 




1 


xxii 


Richard 0. William ^Catherine four 


Mary =z Rev 


Adam O., = Bridget (Gresley 


John 0. 0. 1 ^Mostly) chil- 


John Davies 


b. 1685, 




1 dren 


Richard 0. 
Thomas O. 
LEetitia = .Sir 


d. 1753 




1 




Rev. Will. 0.=p(i749) Christian 


1 


1 1 


(Strachan), d. 




Tho. 0.^ Catherine 


Rev. Adam O. 


1790 


son 




(Jenkin- 
son) 


d. 1798 
Bridget, d. 


.Sir Charles 0., = (i777) Helena 










Bart., Governor (Beatson) 










of Madras 




Adam Ottley, b. 1745, 
d. 1807, in whom the 




GeorgeReid,*= Louisa, 4th dau.. 




male line of Ottleys of 




Esq., of 5th child, out of 




Pitchford, after 13 




Jamaica : b. 13 




generatio 


13, ended 





1777 : d. Ja 
25, 1827 



Georgina Ann, who 
= the Rev. Sir Will. 
Nigel Greeley (xxv) 



* George Reid was descended from the Re 
the richest commoners in England, from his 
His mother was a Miss Myers, said to have beei 



irCharics Reid, K.C.B., 
;inguished Indian officer. 

Bodl. MS. 22,087 (Blakeway\foll. 210% 440-5. 
Information from Lord Hawkesbury, who is 
descended from an uncle of Catherine 
Jenkinson, and whose grandfather was 
adopted by the last Ottley as his heir. 
Information from Lady Gresley. 
ids of Collistown, Aberdeenshire. His father was one of 
, Jamaica estates, and rented Watlington Hall in Norfolk, 
n connected with the Portuguese Roj'al Family of Braganza. 

U 2 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



Ped. LXV. 

Walsh. 



WALSH, ofWanlip, co. Leicester 

(Arms : — gules two bars argent over all a bend of the second.) 



Roger le Walsh =p Maud, dau. and coheir of Henry 
de Anlep (Wanlip) 



Sir Will. leW.,T=. 



Will. le W., 
clerk 



Sirjohnle W.,=p. 
occ. 1320-46 I 



Sir Tliomas le W.,=p Katharine (Will 
occ. 1392: dated 1421) 

d. bef. 1421 



Sir Will, le W., John le W., = 
occ. 1421 : Isabella (Grey): 
d. without issue d. without 
issue 



Thomas, 

occ. 1 42 1, 

and insane, 

1439 



Sir Thomas^ Margaret Elizabeth, Richard^ Elinor 

deGresley =SirJohn le W., (Waldeife) 

I Boyvill bef. occ. 

4v 1422 1431-50 



Katherine 
occ. 1421 



Nichols' Leic. iii. iioo, corrected by the Will 
of Lady Margaret Walsh, dated 1421. 



Pedigrees 



293 



WALSINGHAM 

(Arms : — paly of six pieces argent and sable a fess gules.) 



Ped. LXVI. 
Walsing- 



James Walsingham, ^^f: Elinor (Writtle) 
d. 1540 I 



Sir Edmund W.,=T=Katherine, dau. of 
d. I5j^ I John Gunter 



und W.,=T=Katherin 
53T) John 



■T -" 
(D, 



Joyce 3 daughters 

'enny) 



Sir Thomas =f^ Dorothy, dau. of Sir Francis r 



W.,of 
Beadhay, 
Kent : d. 



Sir John Guilford W., Seer, 
(d. I584\ and of of State sue 

his wile Barbara, to Qu. ::p 2. Ursula (St, 



Anne (Barnes), 5 daughters 
d. without is- 



1536. d. 
1590 



Barbe) 



xvii I I I 

Sir Thomas -T- Katharine Frances = 1. Sir Philip Sid- Mary 

Gresley | ney 

4s 2. Robt., 2nd Earl 

3 sons of Essex 

5 daughters 3. Richard, Earl 
of Clanricard 



Brit. Mus. MS. Harl. 807, fol. 5 : &c. 



294 



The Grcslcys of Drakelowe 



Fed. LXVII. 
Waste- 
neys. 



WASTENEYS 

(Arms : — sable a lion rampant argent armed langed and collared gules.) 

Geoffrey de Wastene3's or Gastincys, =p ... 
occ. 1086 I 



1 

Sir Will, de W.=F Alice (do Acton ?) 


Sir Geoffrey de W., 






Lord of Tixall, occ. 






abL ii2o-abt. 1166 


Sir Will. deW.^Matthan 


a Robert de W 


=pAgatlia 


1 (dc Colton) occ. 1 165-91 




Sir Philip de W.,=pAmphelis, dau. and 


JosceusdeW.,zp... 


occ. 1198-1266 


coheiress of Robt. 
Fitz- Walter and 


occ. 


1202-13 1 




Dina 




Josceus de W. 


Sir Wil 


. de W., =p Margaret 






Sir 


occ. 1224 


-abt. 1260 1 






Will, de \ 


v., =p Constance 


S»p.J 


dc W., 


occ. 1260-9 


' I 


occ. 1242-76 


Sir John deW.,^ Isabella 


Reginald de W., 


^... 


Sir Edmund de W. 


occ. 1282-1309 


^Hay) 


occ. 1308-26 

Willia 


m de W., 
■ 1332 


founder of the 
Notts, line 


1 

Sir Will. deW.=p Joanna 


Philip deW.,=^ 


Willelma 


Wi'nlaln'deW 




(^BretJ 


occ. 1324 1 




John dc W. 
Elizabeth 






Thomas 


de W., 


= Sir John 






occ. 


342 


Cornwall 
Constance 



I. SirTho.deW. 



ix 111 I 

Joan =2. Sir John John dc W. Stephen de W.,:= Joanna 
(Toly) de Gresley Isabella = occ. 1335 

Sir Robert 
de Jortz 
7 daughters 



I I I 

William de W. 

John de W. 

Thomas de W., 
all died with- 
out issue 



Sir Nicholas de Gresley, ^ 

son of Sir John Gresley 
(above) by his first wife 
Alice ^de Swynnerton) 



I 

:Thomasine (de 

Wasteneys) 



Some Account of Colton by the Rector 
(F. Parker) (Second Edition), Birm. 
1897, p. 78. 



Pedigrees 295 



WILCOCKSON Wilcock- 

son. 

See TOPLIS 



WILLIAMS Ped. Lxviii. 

Williams. 



(Arms : — quarterly ist and 4th sable a chevron between three bulls' heads 
caboshed argent, for Bulkdey : 2nd and 3rd gules a chevron ermine 
between three Saracens' heads couped at the shoulders proper, for 
Williams.) 



Sir Robert Williams, gth Bart., =p Anne (Hughes), 
b. 1764, d. 1830 d. 1830 

Sir Rich. Bulkeley Capt. Robert Griffith W.,=p Mary Anne, dau. of 8 children 



Williams- Bulkeley, b. July 26, 1809, d. Apr. 
b. 1801, d. 1875 13, 1865 

-4^ 



Piers Geale, Esq., 

of Dublin : she 

d. 1894 



xxvl I I I 1 I 

Sir Thomas Gresley=j= Laura Anne Charlotte Maria =p(i86i) Capt. W. R. G. 

I I Farmer 

-K 4- 

Frances Elizabeth 

Louisa Gwyn^ (1878) Hon. Marcus P. F. 
I Caulfield, nephew of 
4, Mary Anne Geale 
above, bro. of Viscount 
Charlemont : he d. 
1895 
Kathleen Emily B. =:( 1 872) Lord Arthur 
Charles Welles- 
ley, b. 1842, 
grandson of the 
Great Duke. 



Burke's Peerage. 



The Gresleys of Drakelowe 



Fed. LXIX. 

Wilmot. 



WILMOT 



(Arms : — sable on a fess or between three eagles' heads couped argent as many 
escallops gules, a canton vairy ermine and of the fourth.) 



not -I- Dorothy 

en T Laurence 

of Chac 



Dorothy, dau. of 
Shrigley 
Chadesden 



Robert W., 


2. Edward W.,^ 


p Dorothy 


1 
Sir Nicholas W., 


barrister, d. 


b. 160S or 1606, 


(Gresley), 


of Osmaston, 


unm. 1651 


of Magd. Hall. 


who had 


sergeant at 


or 1657 


O.xford, D.D. : 


married 


law, d. 1682 




Minister of 


I. Robert 






All Hallows, 


Milward 






Derby 







: Dorothy 
(Harpur) 



Edw. \V., ^Susanna ... Roby, = Dorothy 

ofSpondon | (Coke) of Donington 



Derbyshire Pedigrees, a MS. owned by 

S. P. Wolferstan, Esq. 
Foster's Alumni Oxonienses. 
Noble s Glover's Derbyshire (1829), ii. 



Pedigrees 



297 



WINTER 



Fed. LXX. 
Winter. 



(Arms : — sable on a chevron between three tuns argent a chess rook azure.) 
Henry Winter, 



lenry vvinier, -p... 
Worthington, 
Leicestershire 



RobartW.T=... (English) 

George W.=pAnne (Hardwick) 







1 




1 xvi 


1 


1 


1 1 


Edward W.,^ Kalherine 


Cicely 


Eliza 


Ann Joy 


OCC. 1372 vGresley , 








occ. 1572 









Edw, Baskerville = I\Iary ... Winter = Am 



George W., 
d. without 



Leicestershire Visitation, 1619. 



The Grcsleys of Drakelozve 



Fed. LXXI. 
Wolseley. 



WOLSELEY 

(Arms : — argent a talbot passant gules.) 

The earlier generations are as follows, but they have not yet been fully proved, 
so far as I know : — 

Siwardus, dominus de Wolseley — William de W.— Richard de W. — Stephen 
de W.— Robert de W.— Robert de W.— Richard de W.— John de W.— Ralph 
do W. 

Ralph de Wolseley, =; i. ... dau. of Lord Montjoy 
Baron of the ^ 2. Margaret, dau. of Sir 
Exchequer, 1468 I Robert Aston 

John de W. =pAnne, dau. of George 
I Stanley 



Anthony W. =p Margaret, dau. of 2 sons 
Will. Blith 

I i Tl 

Erasmus W.^ Cassandra, dau. of Francis Maud 

Sir Tho. Giffard Anne 



Sir Thomas W. = i. Grace (,GresIey\ d. without issue bef. 1598 
^2. Anne, dau. of Humphrey Moseley 



1 


1 


1 


1 1 1 


III 


John W., 


Humphrey W., 


Edward W., 


Margaret 


Richard W., b. 


b. Feb. 4, 


b. Apr. 25, 1599 


b. Aug. 9, 1600 


Mary 


Dec. 22. 1608 


i59g- 






Joan 


Walter W., b. 

Sept. 25. 1612 
DavernyeW.,b. 

Nov. 24, 1617 



Collins's Baronetage (1741), ii. 134. 
Staifurdshire Visitations, 1614, 1663-4. 
Genealogist, O.S., ii. 333- 
Burke's Peerage and Baronetage. 



Worcester. WORCESTER 

see SOMERSET 



Pedigrees 



299 



WROTTESLEY 



(Arms : — or three piles sable a canton ( 



Ped. LXXII. 

Wrottes. 
ley. 



William de Verdon, ^ Ingrith (Fitz-Adam) 
assumed the name 
of Wrottesley : d. 
abt. 1242 



Sir Hugh , 



Wrottesley, ^ Idonia (de Perton) 
. 1276 



Petronilla (Audley) 
Katherine (de Glaseley, 
nee L'Estrange) 



Sir William de W.,= 
Kt., d. 1320 



:Joan (Basset) 



I I 

Sir Hugh de W., = i. Elizabeth (de Hampton) Roger de W. 

K.G., b. 1314, ^ 2. (before 1366) Mabel (ap Rees) 
d. 1381 ^3. (before 1371) Isabella i,Arderne) 

I 1 

I I I 

Hugh de W., Hugh de W., John de W. ^ Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Robert 

b. 1369, dead b. 1371 : d. d. 1403 I do Standish, Kt. : she 

in 1370 unm. under age aftervv. married William, 

I Lord Ferrers of Groby 





HughW.,=pThTm 
b. 1400, 
d. 1464 


isine, ? dau. of Sir John Gresley, 
occ. 1421, d. 1480 


Sir Walter W.,^ 
Kt., d. 1473 


pjoan, dau. of 
Will. Baron, 
of Reading: 
she = 2. Sir 
Rich. Darell 


1 1 1 1 

Henry W., Elizabeth = Sir Will. Stafford 

Sheriff of Isabella = Sir Will. Airmyn 

Worcestersh. Joan = Rich. Jenetts, ace. to 

1460 the Wore. Visit", of 1569 



Richard W.,r^ 


= Dorothy, dau. 


w'alLr 


b. 1457, d. 


ofSirEdmund 


William, whose grand 


1524 


Sutton of 


daughter was Anne 




Dudley 


Askew, the martyr 
d. 1546 


Walter VV.,= Isabel 




d. 1563 


(Harcourt) 





Mill 

Thomasine = Will. Lord 

Stourton 
Anne ^= Lord St. Amand 
Joan =: Rich. Cresset 
Margaret =Sir John Scrope 
Parnell, a nun 



From Walter there is an unbroken male descent, thus : — 

Walter, d. 1563— John, d. 1578— Walter, d. 1630— Sir Hugh, Kt., d. 1633— Sir 
Walter, Kt. and Bart., d. 1659— Sir Walter, d. 1686— Sir Walter, d. 1712— 
Sir John, d. 1726— Rev. Sir Richard, whose two elder brothers predeceased him, 
d. 1769— Sir John, d. 1787— Sir John, first Lord Wrottesley, d. 1841— John, 
Loid W., d. 1867 -Arthur, the present Lord Wrottesley, brother of Major-Gen. 
the Hon. George Wrottesley, to whom this volume is much indebted. 

Burke's Peerage 1S96, and private information 
from the Hon. George Wrottesley. 



300 



The Gresleys of Drakeloive 



Ped. LXXIII, 
Wynne. 



WYNNE 

(Arms : — gules a saltire argent between twelve 



or [!].) 



Robert Wynne =p Jane (Evans), 
d. 1712 



1 
William W.=T= I. Margaret, dau. of Ellis 
Brynker and Jane 
(Wynnel 
2. Margaret CLIoi'd), whose 
son William was a 
Welsh poet, who d. 
in 1760 



Leftwich 01dfield,=p Jane 



d. 172J 
(see Bowyer 
pedigree) 



(Bowyer), 
d. 1749 



I I I 

Robert W. ^ Lovvry (Nanney) Rev. Ellis W. ^ Elizabeth 



Leftwich Bowyer W. 



Sir Nigel Gresley ^ Elizabeth 
I 



Burke's Landed Gentry (1846), ii. 914. 



INDEX 



INDEX 



Abbot's Bromley i57> i95 

Abbott, Maiianne Harriet, see Gres- 

ley, Marianne Harriet. 
Abington, near Northampton ... 48 
Abraham, Robert, Jire Fitz- Abraham, 

Robert. 
Achetorp, see Oakthorp. 
Adderley, — 117 

— Charles 243 

Adgaresley 45 

Admaston 75. '95 

Agard, Sir Henry 269 

Agincourt, battle 52 

Airmyn, Sir William 299 

Alberet, Mary, iide Gresley . . . 144 
Albini, family 15 

— Nigel de 197 

Alderwasley 144 

Aldithele, family, see Audley, family. 

Aldwark, in Yorkshire 55 

Alert, H.M.S 149 

Alfreton 93 

Algiers 73 

AUer, in Somerset 107 

AUeyne, Sir Christopher . 172-3,178 
Allsop, — 249 

— George 265 

— Richard and Elizabeth, «/e Greas- 

ley 211 

Allye, Mary, see Gresley, Mary. 

Alrewas 46, 67, 155, 231 

Alton, in Worcestershire ....11 

Aluric 184 

America, see Virginia. 

Anastatic Drawing Society . . . .123 

Andrews, — 139 

Annesley, Sir Francis, Vise. Valentia, 

Lord Mountnorris, d. 1660 . . 77 
Anningson, Mary, see Gresley, Mary. 

Ansgotus, a Norman 7 

Anson, Sir G 125 

— George, Lord Anson, d. 1762 . .110 

Apedale 110 

Appleby ... 93, 103, 118, 122, 195 

— family 179 

Applctou, see Budworth, Great. 



Appleton, Richard 178 

Apps, Roger and Sarah, nt'e Gresley . : 56 
Archer, Maria Elizabeth, j^e Gresley, 

Maria Elizabeth. 
Arderne, family, Pedigree . . . .281 

— Isabella 299 

Arnesby (Erendesby) .... 19, 195 
Artois, Robert ii, Count of, 13th cent. 9 
Arundel, Earls of, see Fitz-AIan, 

family. 

Ascough, William 282 

Ashbourne . . 45,103,107,123,211 
Ashby, Little .... 64, 189, 195 

— de la Zouch 123 

— Elizabeth 264 

Ashover 124 

Askew, Anne 299 

Asperton 131 

Astbury, in Cheshire 112 

Astley, family, Pedigree .... 235 

— Sir Thomas and Dame Jane de, 

?«<.'£ Gresley S3 

Aston, family, of Tixall, Pedi- 
gree 236 

— Bridget, Frances and James . . 91 

— Sir Edward 289 

— Katherine, dau. of Sir Edward, see 

Gresley, Katherine. 

— Margaret 29S 

— Roger de, Prior of Gresley . . .176 

— Sir Walter 71, 83 

Atkins, Lettice, Jt^e Gresley . . . 233 
Attwood, Rev. George and Sarah, 

nt'e Gresley 142 

-William 45 

Auckland, New Zealand 145 

Audley, Lord, of Heleigh, see Tuchet, 

James, d. 1684. 

— (Aldithele), Adam de . . 27,194 

Henry de 27 

Nicholas de 194 

Petronilla de 27 

Thomas 277 

Augustus Frederick, Prince, son of 

George III 125 

Austen, S. C 151 



304 



Index 



Avranchcs, Richard of, Earl of 
Chester, d. 1120 : Charter from 

him 19 

Awl , or Aula, William de, of Gresley 1 54 
Ayala, Sanchia de 240 

Eabington, Mary 251 

Balington's conspiracy 70 

Eabthorpe, William and Margaret, 

Kfe Gresley / • 5' 

Bacon, Anthony Harley and Henrietta 

Selina, n^e Gresley 146 

Bagot, Hervey, Lord Stafford . . 17 

— Isabella 257 

— Lewis 155, 271 

— Sir William, Lord Bagot, letter 

in his possession mentioned . . 67 

Bagnald, Mary 2S7 

Bagshaw.Jane 259 

Bainbrigge, Jane 251 

Eakepuiz, in Normandy 3S 

— family, Pedigree 237 

— Elizabeth de, sa Gresley, Eliza- 

beth de. 

— John and Roesia de 3S 

Bakewell, in Derbyshire .... 107 
Baldwyn, Sir Samuel and Elizabeth . 291 
BalioI,Cecilyde,Jfi:Grelly, Cecily de. 
Ball, family. Pedigree 238 

— Elizabeth, >:4'i; Gresley . . 108,114 

— Robert and Amelia Gresley, ii<!e 

Hellicar 140 

— Prof. Sir Robert Stawell . . .140 

— Samuel loS 

Ballidon, Mary 91, 261 

— Paul 91. 95 

— Sarah, «e'^ Gresley . . . .95,100 

Eallyshannon 133 

Balsham, Simon, Canon of Gresley . 177 

Balzac, Jean de 136 

Banester, Alice 63 

Banwell, in Somersetshire . . 138, 142 

Barbor, Agnes 249 

Barcelona, Ermensenda Countess of . 6 
. — Raymond Count of, d. loi 7 . . 6 

Barford, Robert 243 

Barlow, family. Pedigree .... 239 

— Sir Alexander and Dorothy 72, cf. 71 

Barlow Moor 72 

Barnes, M. W 246 

Baron, Joan 299 

Baronets, account of their institution 

in 1611 80 

Barret, Edward 275 

— Joan 24S 

— Ralph, see Basset, Ralph. 

Barrow-on-Soar 211 

Barry, Major — 1 1 1 

Barton in St. Decuman's . . . .156 

— under Needwood, 130, 131,147, 168,196 

— Elizabeth (A), see Gresley, Eliza- 

beth. 



Barton, Elizabeth (B) 236 

Barton Blount, affair there during the 

Civil War, May 1645 . . . 87-8 
Basford, near Nottingham . 147, 157 

Baskerville, Edward 297 

Basset, Isobel, see Grelly, Isabel de. 

— (Barret), Ralph .... 25, 187 

Baston 196 

Bath 110-14,119,124 

Bathford 123 

Baxter, Elizabeth 238 

Baynard, Sir Robert 44 

Bayning, Paul, Viscount Bayning, 

d. 1638 136 

Beadhay, in Kent 71 

Beardsley, Mrs. Elizabeth, nie Gres- 
ley 95. 106, 114 

— Samuel 95, 241 

Beauchamp. family .... 14,179 

— Guy and Alice de, Earl and 

Coimtess of Warwick . . 14, 235 

— Hugh de 19 

— Richard de. Earl of Warwick, 

d- 1439 53 

Beanchief abbey 34, 57 

Beauclerk, Lady Mary 246 

Beaudesert 70 

Beaufo, Alice, see Gresley, Alice. 

— Jane,dau. of Elizabeth,jec Gresley, 

Beaufoy, Margaret 90 

Beaumont, Const.ince de, see Toeni, 
Constance de. 

— Sir Henry and Barbara . . . .261 

— Margaret de, see Toeni, Mar- 

garet de. 

— Mary 259 

— Roger de, nth cent 6 

Beanvale abbey, in Greasley .17?, 210-11 
Bee, Geoifrey and Agatha or Agnes 

de, }i^e de Gresley 34 

Belesme, Robert de 33 

Belfield, EUzabeth 239 

Bellers, Ralph and Elizabeth, «<fe 

Butler 46 

Bello Monte, de, see Beaumont. 

Bellot, Sir Thomas 242 

Belper 147 

Belton, see Grace Dieu. 
Belvoir, see Todeni family. 
Benange, le Vicomte de .... 210 
Bennet, Frances, Countess of Salis- 
bury, d. 1713 167 

— Simon 273 

Bent, Dr. James Justin 263 

— Dr. Richard 263 

Bentele, Ralph de. Canon of Gres- 
ley 176 

Bentley, Mary 285 

Beresford, Lord William .... 278 
Berkeley, Henry, Lord Berkeley, 

d. 1613 68 



Index 



305 



Berkeston, Simon de 276 

BerniJres, village 4 

Bemulf iSj; 

Berwick-on-Tweed bfci 

Beverley, in Yorkshire 140 

Biddulph 104 

Bilstone (BilsdonV 40, 64, 1S6, iSg, 196 
Birch, — , of Thoresby . . . 115,121 
Birchover, in Derbyshire, Rowtor 

mentioned 107 

Birdsall 124 

Birmingham 115,124 

Bishop's Castle, sec Oakeley. 

— Hampton, in Worcestershire . .155 
Black, Elizabeth, sec Gresley, Eliza- 
beth. 

Blackpool, near Burton-on-Trent . 22 
Blagdon, in Somersetshire .... 139 
Elinman, Joan, see Gresley, Joan. 
Blithbury .... 63,71,74-5,196 

Blithford 196 

Blore Heath, the battle there, 1459 . 59 
Blount, family, Pedigree .... 240 

— Thomas 63 

— Sir Thomas and Dame Slargaret, 

nie Gresley 54 

— Sir Walter, Lord Mountjoy . . 54 

Bloxwich 196 

Bohun, Alice de, see Toeni, Alice de. 
Bokesworth, Reginald de .... 37 

Bol, F 167 

Boleyn, Anne, her coronation, 1533 . fi6 

Bolsover 35. S9 

Bombay 146 

Boothorpe 172 

Bordesley abbey 17 

Boston, in Lincolnshire 64 

Boleler, Richard, j«^ Butler, Richard. 
BotiUer, Alice, see Butler, Alice. 

Bott, family, Pedigree 241 

— Anne, see Gresley, Anne. 

— Thomas and Elizabeth, nie Ores- 

ley 95 

Boulogne, Counts of 14 

— Baldwin of. King of Jerusalem . 1 2 

Bournemouth 123 

Bowden, William 271 

Bowes, George 244 

— Sir George 25S 

— Sir John 244 

Bowles, Jane 236 

— Sir Thomas 275 

Bowmen of the Isis I50 

Bowyer, family, Pedigree . . . .242 

— Dorothy, dau. of Sir William, 

see Gresley, Dorothy, Lady. 

— Jane, afterw. Mrs. Wynu . 112, 300 

— Sir John 166, 269 

— Mary, Lady, n^c Milwaid ... 84 

— Sir William 16S 

Boyle, Richard, Lord Cork, d. 1643 77 
Boyleston, family (i 2th cent.) . . 29 



Boyne Hill, near Maidenhead 123, 150 

Boyvill, Sir John 292 

Brabazon, Catherine dau. of Lord . 152 

Braceborough, in Lincolnshire . 50,51, 

64, 71, 196 

Bradbourne, Anne 249 

— Jane 254 

Bradbura, Roger de 44 

Bradley in the Moors (Bretlei) 1S6, 196 

— Mary, d. 1766, see Gresley, Mary. 

Bradshaw, Thomas 256 

Braganza, family 291 

Bramcote go 

Bramshall (Bromshulf) . . . 75, 196 

Branstone 196 

Brassingborough, see Braceborough. 
Bredon, John de. Canon of Gresley . 177 
Brereton, Elenor 252 

— Mary and Frances 239 

— Sir William, letter to him from 

Sir G. Gresley, Nov. 21, 1645 . 88 

Bret, Joanna 294 

Bretby 82 

Breteuil, Count of, see Fitz-Osberne, 

William. 

— Guillermus de 12 

Bretlei, see Bradley in the Moors. 

Breton, William le 189 

Brevint, Bishop 151 

Brevvood nunnery 177 

Bridgenorth 39 

Brighton 144, 150 

Brindley, James 1 10 

Brinkburn, Walter de (' Bynkelurn ') 191, 

198 
Bristol 119, 13S-40, 142 

— the Hotwells . . . 108,116, 120 

— Earl of, d. 1653, see Digby, 

Sir John. 

Broach, near Bombay 146 

Broadlow 84 

Brodoke, John 25S 

Broking, John, a London merchant 9S-9, 
103 

Brom, John 155 

Brome, family 90-1 

Pedigree 243 

— Mary 244 

Bromley, Abbot's, see Abbot's Brom- 

ley. 

— Bagot 40, 196 

— Rev. George and Margaret, tiie 

Gresley 156 

— J. de 176 

Bromshulf, see Bramshall. 

Brooke, Elizabeth, see Gresley, Eliza- 
beth. 
Broomfield, in Somersetshire . . . I.i9 
Broughton 211 

— Anne, wife of Edward, nie Dix- 

well, see Gresley, Anne. 

— Edward 250 



3o6 



Index 



Brown, Sir R i 2G 

— W iiS« 

Browne, John 261 

— Jolnn and Anne, in'e Fitton . . 53 

— Sir John and Lady Anne, ne'e 

Gresley 63 

— John and Joan, itt'C Gresley . . 53 

— Lydia 113 

Brownsover 46 

Bruni island 145 

Bubendon (Bubington\part of Long- 
ford 38 

— Margaret de, sec Gresley, Mar- 

garet de. 

— Nigel de 27Q 

Buch, Captal de 210 

Buci, Robert de 186 

Buck. Eleanor, see Gresley, Eleanor. 
Buckingham, Dukes of, see Staf- 
ford, family. 

— Anne, Duchess of 240 

Budworlh, Great ; Appleton in Great 

Budwoith 6S 

Buehner, — 168 

Bunbury, William and Elinor, ne'e 

Gresley 143 

Bunn, Martha, see Gresley, Martha. 
Burdet, family, Pedigree .... 244 

— Bridget, dau. of Sir Thomas, see 

Gresley, Bridget, Lady. 
-Frances 91 

— Sir Francis 9S 

— Jane, Lady, d. 163S. Poem on 

her by Sir George Gresley . . 83 

— Richard 270 

— Sir Robert 91, 101, 243 

— Sir Thomas 256 

Burg, Serlo de 1S7 

Burgh, family 179 

— Hawyse de, see Grelly, Ilawyse 

de. 
Burriscucane, in Ireland . . . .147 

Burslem 147 

Burstal, Hawisia and Hugh de . 27, 30 

Burton-on-Trent, 21, 53, 58, 60, 70, S4, 

1.54. 177. 1S7, 196, 19S 

Burton, John 24S 

— John de, Canon of Gresley . .177 

Burton Overy 152 

Busby, Jane, sec Gresley, Jane. 

Butler (Botiller), Dame Alice, Henry 

VI's governess 53 

— Elizabeth, see Bellers, Elizabeth. 

— Margaret (A) i;6 

(B) 235 

— (Boteler), Richard and Joan, iije 

Gresley 46 

Buxton 112 

Bvldeston, see Bilstone. 

Bynkelurn, Walter de, sec Brinkbum, 

Walter de. 
Byron, Helen 240 



Cacrlaverock, siege of, A. D. 1300 . 14 

Calais 58 

Calcutta 113 

Caldecote, in Norfolk 11 

Caldway 197 

Caldwell, village . 31, 74, 132, 187, 197 
• — Ralph de 31 

— William de 38 

Callowhill 71.7.1.197 

Calvacamp, Hugh de 3-4 

Cambridge 37 

— Henry Gresley at the University 

in 1651 136 

— Emmanuel College, James Gres- 

ley there in 1737 103 

John Gresley there in 1758 . 107 

— Jesus College, C. V. Gresley tliere 

in 1S90 124 

— Selwyn College, G. N. Gresley 

there, 18S6 131 

— Trinity College, Andrew R. Gres- 

ley there in 1832 149 

Rev. Nigel Gresley there, 

1S58 131 

Camvile, Eustachia de 153 

— Katherine de, dan. of Lord Cam- 

vile of Clifton, sec Gresley, 

Catherine de. 

Canada 143 

Cannock forest 40 

Cannon, Jane, sec Gresley, Jane. 
Cantelupe, Nicholas de, founder of 

Beauvale priory 211 

— William and Eustachia de, fu'e 

Greasley 211 

Capetown 123 

Carew, family 54 

Carhampton, Earl of, d. 1787, see 

Luttrell, Simon. 

Carlby 51.64. "97 

Carle 184 

Carroll, Alexander 263 

Carter, Rev. Eccles J 123 

Gary, Sir Francis, Lord F"alkland, 

d. 163.1 78 

Casale, in Piedmont 149 

Castellio vChatillon), see Conches. 

Castle Donington 94 

Castlehaven, Earl of, see Tuchet, 

James, d. 16S4. 
Catton in Croxall (Chetun) . 69, 1S2, 197 

— William, Canon of Gresley . . 177 
Cauldwell, see Caldwell. 

Canlfeild, Rev. E. and Millicent, Ki'fi 

Hellicar 140 

Caulfield, Hon. Marcus P. F. . . . 295 
Cavendish, Henry Manners, Lord 

Waterpark, d. 1863 . . . .125 
Cawarden, John and Katherine . . .^6 

Chaddesden 84 

Chadwick, Colonel 213 

Charles, Sir Edward 44 



Index 



307 



Charlton, in Wiltshire 137 

Chartley 39j 7° 

Chartres, Odo de 5 

Chaterlege 27 

Chatillon (Castellio), sec Conches. 

Chaytor, W. R. C 125 

Chelle 27 

Cheltenham 120, 123 

Cheney, Elizabeth 24S 

Chenvin, Richard, see Richard the 

Forester. 
Chester 26 

— Bishopric 20, 185, 1S7 

— Earl of, see Avranches, Richard of. 

see Gemon, Ralph de. 

Chetun, see Catton. 

Chetwynd, William 252 

Chevalier au Cygne, see Knight of the 
Swan. 

Chewton Mendip 131 

Chicheley, family, Tedigree . . . 24S 

-r Florence 61 

Chilcote 172 

Chillington 63 

Chingeslei, see Kingsley. 

Chiselhurst, in Kent 71 

Church Over, in Warwickshire . . 6S 
Churchill, family, see Spencer- 
Churchill, family. 

Churton, Edward 150 

Cilwen, in Tasmania 146 

Civil War, 1642-5 81, 90 

Clare, family 179 

— Earl of, see Fitz-Gilbert, Richard. 

see Holies, John, d. 1665. 

Clarell, family. Pedigree . . . .245 

— Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Thomas, see 

Gresley, Elizabeth. 

— Margaret 55 

Clark, Mrs. — 100 

Clarke, Elizabeth 291 

Clayton 185, 197 

Clevedon, in Somersetshire .... 140 
Cleveland, Duchess of, her edition of 

the Batik Abbey Roll quoted . 126 
Clifford, family 13 

— Maud 283 

Clifton iS(5, 197 

— Hendenhouse Heath mentioned . 42 

— near Bristol . . . . loS, 131,140 

— Catherine 240 

Clifton Camvile . . . 108,114,155 

Clinton, Geoffrey de 21 

Codsall, in Staffordshire . . . .211 
Cohen, Caroline Lechmere .... 263 

Coke papers quoted loi 

Coke, Clement 249 

— Susanna 296 

Coleville, Alice 257 

CoUard, Margaret 156 

Collistown, Aberdeenshire . . . . 291 
Cologne ; A sword of Cologne . . 44 



Colton, in Staffordshire . . 49,51,54, 
62,64, 66, 71,74,80,83, 
155. 197 

Colvcley 40, 197 

ColviUe, C. R 130 

Colwich, in St.-iffordshire {see Hay- 
wood a«a' Morton) 31, 74, 75, 154, 
197 

Compostella 8 

Conches 6-7, I4-15, 17 

— Chatillon mentioned 5-6 

— accoimt of it and of Chatillon . 8-9 
Conchis, de, family. Some of the 

Toenis bore this name. 

Concubranus 32 

Congcrston, in Leicestershire . . . 157 

Congleton 112 

Congreve, John 258 

— Sir William 158 

Conques 8 

Cooper, Sir John or Roger . . , 261 

— Susanna 263 

Copeland, William, printer. ... 4 

Copenhagen, Battle of 143 

Copley, Bridget 277 

Corbet, Anne, sec Gresley, Anne. 

— Peter 39 

— Sir Robert and Joan 56 

— Thomas 39 

Cork 104, 140 

— Lord, see Boyle, Richard, d. 

1643. 

Cormeilles Abbey 7 

Cornish, J. E., bookseller, in Man- 
chester 76 

Cornwall, Sir John 294 

Corsum, Richard de 190 

Cossington (Cressington ?) . . 35-7, 197 

— Maud, Lady of 276 

Cotes, — 252 

Colon, in Derbyshire. . 6S, 75-6, 132, 

i86, 197 
Cotton, Eleanor 274 

— General Willonghby 246 

Courtenay, Robert de, 13th cent.. . 9 

Cousins, Rev. Dennis L 120 

Coutances, Nigel de 5 

Coventry 55, 116, 19S 

— family. Earls of Coventry, Pedi- 

gi-t-e 245 

— George William, Earlof Coventry, 

d. 1S31 125 

— Maria, Countess of, nie Gunning, 

d. 1760 167 

— Richard of, Prior of Gresley . .177 

— Lady Sophia Catherine, see 

Gresley, Lady Sophia. 

— William, Earl of Coventry, d. 

1751 167 

Cowopp, John. Canon of Gresley . 1 77 

Cramphorne, Dyonise 249 

Cranach, Lucas 167 



3o8 



Index 



Crawfnrd, Lieut. Col. — . . . . 


246 


Des Vceux, Sir Henry William and 


PAGE 


Crawley, Lettice, nh Gresley . . . 


2.^,^ 


Lady Sophia, H^»^ Gresley . 128 


na 


Cressmgton, see Cossmgton. 




Despencer, Hugh le 


46 


Crewe, Sir Ceorge 


ir-S 


Deihick. family, Pedigree .... 


249 


Criche 


^7 


— Dorothy 


261 


-Henry 172, 


i7>» 


— Dorothy, dau. of William, see 




Crockford's Club, in London . . . 


126 


Gresley, Dorothy. 




Cromwell. Thomas, Lord Cromwell, 


76 

2,S 


— Francis 6; 


> 7' 


d. 16-;^ 


— Katharine 




Crosland, Mary 


— Margaret 


269 


Crosse, Elizabeth, sec Gresley, Eliza- 




Devereux, Robert, Earl of Essex, d. 




beth. 


iqS 


1646 


76 


Croxall . . . 40-1, 54, 119, 190, 


- Walter, Earl ofEssex,d. 1576 . 


76 


-Avarilla. . ! . . . . . 


107 


Devil of Drakelowe 


21 


Crull, Robert 




Devon, Joan, see Gresley, Joan. 
Digby, — (1584) 




Cubley 


6s 


70 


Cuddesdon College 


123 


— Grace 


28z 


Curzon, family, Pedieree . . . . 


247 


— Sir John, Earl of Bristol, d. 1653 


71 


— Rev. Alfred N. H., Lord Scars- 




— Margery 


274 


dale 


^4 


Dispensarius, Robertns, see Spencer, 




— Bridget 


244 


Robert le. 




— John, d. 14:10 


i-A 


Dive, Sir John ■ 


263 


— Senecha, lUe Gresley .... 


h', 


Dixie, Sir Wolstan 


261 






Dixwell, family, Pedigree .... 


2,0 


Dale, Ami 


242 


— Anne, dau. of Humphrey, see 




— Richard 


17R 


Gresley, Anne. 

Docwra, Anne 

Dodefreseford, near Burton-on- 










-Thomasine. '.'.'.'.'.'.'. 






Darell, family. Pedigree 


24S 


Trent 


23 


— Agnes, Florence, Henry, John, 




Domesday Book,- Extracts from it . 


182 


Thom«, and Thomasine . . . 


61 


Donisthorp (Durandestorpl 36, 40 


41. 


— Sir Richard 




63-4, 7.S-6. "4, 154. 172,184, 


I<,8 


Earlaston (Derlaveston) . 27, 29, 


IV. 


Dordin, Hannah 




IS; 


,g8 


Dorrington, Richard 


251 


Darley 




Donglas, Helen 

— Robert Archibald, see Gresley, 
Robert A. D. 


137 


Datchet .... I 


H-5 


Davies, Rev. John 




Davis, Mary, see Gresley, Mary. 




Drakeholes 


108 


Dawson, — 


288 


Drakelowe, in Cheshire 


loS 


— Lient. Alexander Clotworthy and 




Drakelowe, the seat of the Gresleys 




Elizabeth, nie Gresley . . . 


140 


m Derbyshire 39-4°. 43-4. 45 


-.=5°. 


Deane, Mary, see Gresley, Mary. 
Dee Thomas 


'r 


64, 6ft, Si, 94-6, I0I-2, 


Delawarr, John, Lord Delawarr . . 


210 


120, 124, 126, 179, 


iSs, 


Delia Croce, Countess Cesariiia . . 


149 


1 88, 190 




Delves, Margaret de, see Gresley, 




— the Devil of Drakelowe . . . 


31 


Margaret, nie Norwood. 




— its devolution in early times. 32-4 


iqS 


Denne, H.and Mary A. P.,«c'£ Gres- 




— right of gallows there .... 




ley 


145 


— inquisition about rights there, 1330 


iqo 


Derby . 67,70,80,82,95,115, 


IV. 


— Leland's account of it . . . . 


66 


154 




— value of the manor m 1573 . . 




— letter from Sir George Gresley 




— condition of the house, in about 




about the Civil War in the neigh- 




1690-9 96-7 


bourhood. May, 164s . . . . 


«7 


— account of the park, house. 




— the High Sheriff's entry into the 




pictures, &c., by Sir Robert 




town, 1 75 1 I 


oq« 


Gresley 


161 


— Earl of, see Ferrers, Robert de. 




— account of the muniments there . 


216 


and William de 




Drakelowe, in Nottinghamshire . . 


iqS 


Derbyshire, contested elections for 




Draycote under Needwood .... 


29 


South Derbyshire, 1832, 1S37 




Drayton Bassett 


150 


I 


S-f. 


Dregetone, see Drointon. 




Derlaveston, sec Darlaston. 




Drogo, bailiff of Roger the Poitevin . 


n 



Index 



309 



Drointon (Dregetone) . . . iS;, 19S 
Drummond, Jane Charlotte, ice Gres- 
ley, Jane Charlotte. 

— Mary, nde Phillimore, see Gresley, 

Mary. 
Drury, Alary, see Gresley, Mary, 
Lady, >ii!e Southwell. 

— Dr. William 71.277 

Dublin 132, 144, 146 

— account of the arrival there of 

Lord Strafford, &c., Jan. i63§ . 76 
Dudley, Lords, see Sutton, family. 

— Eleanor 281 

Dufficld 147, 211 

Dut;dale, Elizabeth 243 

— Sir William S3 

Duncombe, Ruth Slingsby, see Gres- 
ley, Ruth Slingsby. 

Dunstall 95 

Dnrandestorp, see Donisthorp. 
Duredent, Felicia, ?it'i; Gresley . . 21 

— Roger 21, 279 

— Walter, Bishop of Coventry and 

Lichfield, d. 1159 ^7 

Dnrsley, in Gloucestershire . 123,21a 
Duston, in Northamptonshire ... 33 
Dutton, Margaret 252 

— Sir Thomas 2S1 

Dymock, Margaret 2S9 

Dyott, family 91 

Pedigree 251 

— Col. — 130 

— Frances 91 

— Richard 91, 264 

— Richard and Katherine, 7i^e Gres- 

ley 91 

Dyve, Sir Lewis 156 

Eales, John and Jane E. G., nie 

Lavers 143 

East India Company 1.^2 

Eccleshall 1^9, :So 

Edensor, Rachel 263 

Edgehill 91 

Edial Hall 149 

Edingale 45. 19S 

— Sir Robert de Gresley of, see 

Gresley, Sir Robert de. 
Ednmnd, Prince, son of Edward iii . 50 

Edward ii, King 14.42 

Edward the Black Prince, son of 

Edward iii 50 

Edwards, Caroline F., nie Gresley . i-;3 

— Rev. E. J 263 

— James 153, 263 

Edwin 184 

Egerton, family, Pedigree .... 2S2 

— Alice, Ellen, Hugh and John . . 6i 

— Sir Richard 155 

Eggington 43, 199 

Eliord 60 

Eluod 1S4 



EIric ,83 

Elston, in Leicestershire . . . . ji 
Elstow, connexion of Nigel de Staf- 
ford with the nunnery .... 19 
Elton, Rev. Edward . . . . 141,219 

— Sir Humphrey 202 

Emery, John and Martha, nee Gresley, 

and their family 142 

Engenulph, note on the name . . 29 

Englebi, see Ingleby. 

English, George and Phrebe, n^e 

Greasley 211 

Enisanus and Ernaldus 25 

Ercall Magna 40, 199 

Erdbury priory 177 

Erdeswick, Sampson 2,^0 

— Thomas 280 

Erendesby,.iefi Arnesby. 

Erie, Pa.,U. S. A 123 

Einuin 1S4 

Espagne, Roger d' 6 

Esseby Parva, see Ashby, Little. 
Essex, Earl of, see Devereux, Robert, 

d. 1646. 

see Devereux, Walter, d. 1576. 

see Fitz-Piers, Geoffrey, d. 

1212. 
Esterhazy, Prince and Princess . . 159 

Eton 133 

Etwall, near Repton 123 

Ev.-ins, Mary 141 

Evelith 64 

Everley, Geoffrey de 34 

Evesham 17 

— battle of, A. u. 1265 39 

Kvington, John de 27, 30 

Evreux, town 7 

— Adela or Helena, Countess of . 7 

— Agnes d* 11 

— Hclvisa, Countess of ....11 

— Jolande d' 11 

— Richard, Count of (d. 1067), and 

iiis family 7 

Exchequer, Red and Black Books of 

the, extracts from them . . . 1S9 

Eystein, Glumra 2 

Eyton 45 

Falconer, Frances 2 63 

Falkland, Lord, see Cary, Sir Henry, 
d. 1633. 

Fallowfield, John 248 

Farley, in Somerset I13 

Farmer, Anne, see Gresley, Anne. 

— Capt. W. R. G 295 

Faunt, Barbara 261 

Fenny Drayton, Ralph de, Canon of 

Gresley 176 

Fenton, John 263 

Ferrers, lamily, Earls of Ferrers and 

Derby, Pedigiee 253 

-Mr. (15S4) 70 



3IO 



Index 



Ferrers, Agnes de, in'c Kevillioc . 33, 35 


Foljambe, Cecil G. S., Lord Hawkes- 


P.CB 


— Amicia de 


197 


bury 


291 


— Anne, dau. of Sir Thomas, see 




Forbes, Admiral Thomas George and 




Gresley, Anne. 




Elizabeth, wA- Gresley . . . 


149 


— Goda de, ttc'e Toeni 


17 


— Colonel ViUiers 


1^2 


— Henry de (i ith cent.) . 20, 1S2, 


i.S^ 


Forde, Arthur William and Louisa 




— Humfrey, mentioned in 11; 73 . . 


■;$ 


Florence, n^c Gresley .... 


146 


— Sir John 


84 


— Mary, see Gre-ley, Mary, Lady, 




- Tohn 


281 


,iJe Southwell. 




— Petronilla de 


2H0 


— Dr. Robert 72, 


277 


— Robert de, Earl of Ferrers and of 




Foremark (Fornewerche) . 68, 90, 




Derby, d. 1162 26-27 


183, 


109 


— Robert de, Earl of Derby, d. 




Forestarias, Richard . . .20,185, 


1S7 


1268 . 


'.9 


Fornewerche, see Foremark. 




- Simon de 


190 


Fornjot, King of Finland .... 


2 


— Susan, dau. of Sir Humphrey, see 




Forstcr, family, Pedigree .... 


2=^=1 


Gresley, Susan, Lady. 




— Thomas and Mary, n.'e Grebley . 


64 


— Sir Thomas, d. 1498 


262 


Fotheringay 




— Walkeline de i 


. 33 


Four Oaks, see Sutton Coldfield. 




— William de. Earl of Derby, d. 




France {see also Calais) . 45, 50, 52, 


■^4. 


1 190. Deed by him .... 


.^° 




,04 


d. 1247 33 {Ins 


. y-, 


Francis, family 


90 


— \\'illiam. Lord Ferrers of Groby . 


299 


Pedigree 


2S6 


fief 188-0 


— Elizabeth, dau. of William and 




Finch, James and Mary, nie Greas- 




widow of another William, see 




ley 


211 


Gresley, Elizabeth. 




Finden. in Northamptonshire, see 
Thingdon. 






24 J 

2sS 




— Sir Robert 


Findern,Jane 


2O1 




'sr, 


Findeme, Thomas 


Frtclord 


MO 


Fitton, Anne, see Browne, Anne. 








Fitz-Abraham, Robert 




G., W., 1S58, i.e. Rev. William 




Fitz-Alan, family, Earls of Arundel . 


74 


Gresley 


I=il 


— Hawisia 


36 


Gaisford, Dr. Thomas, Dean of 
Chiist Church, Oxford, and 
Helen, ??</<.• Dou.^las . . . . 




— fief 


iSS 




Fitz-Gilbert, Avice, dau. of the Earl 


137 


of Clare 16 


279 


Gallwey, Capt. Edwin J. Payne and 




— Richard and Alice, nje de Gresley 


34 


Susan L G., n^e Gresley . . . 


IS3 


Fitzhead, in Somerset . . . 13S 


i^ri 


Gardin, Alexandre. His Conches 




Fitz-Hubert, Ralph 


20 


mentioned 


8 


Fitz-Nigel, Agnes, sec Grelly, Agnes de. 


Garway, Maria Eliza, see Gresley, 




Fitz-Orm, Robert 




Maria Eliza. 




Fitz-Osbeme, WiUi.im, count of lire- 




Gascoyne, Sir William 


24t 


teuil, Earl of Hereford, d. 1070. 




Gasteneys, family, see Wastenevs. 




Mention of him and his family . 


7 


- Sir Philip . 


127 


Fitz-Piers, Geoffrev, Earl of Essex. 




Gaufridus, abbot of Burton, d. 1151. 




His daughter Maud .... 


14 


His Vita S. Modwennae cunt 




Fitz-Pons, Richard 




tractatu de Mivaculis quoted . 


22 


Fitz-Ralph, Agnes 


210 


Ge.ale, Mary Ann 


2()S 


— Hugh, d. 1260 


210 


Gell, Sir John. His regiment in the 




Fitz-Kichard, Hugh 




Civil War 


8r 


Fiiz-Walkelin, Ermentrude . . . 


2 So 


Geneva 




— William 


33 
42 


Genoa 


148 

3=; 


Fitz-Walter, Robert 


Geoffrey, note on the name . . . 


FitzwiUiam, John 


24s 


George, St., dedication of Gresley 




— Sir Richard 




Priory to him 


172 


Flamsteed, in Hertfordshire . . . 




George IV, King, account of his 




Flanders 


6,, 


coronation in 1821, by R. N. 




riavel, Mary 


28s 


Gresley 


i.-i? 


Flax Bourton 1^ 


2-3 


Gemon, family 


47 


Fletcher, Rev. Charles 


131 


Pedigree 


2=i7 


Floyer, Catherine 


267 


— Hugh, parson of Ilkky .... 


47 



Index 



Gernon, Margaret, dau. of Sir John, 
see Gresley, Margaret de. 

— Ralph de 154 

Earl of Chester, d. 1 1 53 25-6,33 

Gibbs, Edward and Katharine . . 72 

Giffard, family, Pedigree .... 258 

— Cassandra 29S 

— Sir John and Lady Elizabeth, nve 

Gresley 63, 271 

— Sir Thomas and Lady Dorothy . 63, 

271 
GifTord'sHall, in Suffolk .... 152 
Gilbert, a monk 176 

— Henry 261 

Gise, John 210 

Glascote, near Tamworlh . . . .131 

Glastonbury 123 

Gloucester, Earl of, see Monthermer, 

Ralph de. 
Gnosall (see also Morton) . . . 154-5 

Godmersham 154 

Godric 1S3-4 

G ongu-Hrolf, see Rollo. 

Gorsuch, James 239 

Govett, Catherine Frances . . . .141 
Grace Dieu priory, near Belton . 36, 217 
' Graceful Gresley,' see Gresley, Anne. 

Graham, Harriet 26S 

Grammer, family, Pedigree . . . 259 

— Gertrude, see Gresley, Gertrude, 

Lady. 

Grange le Conches 4 

Grant, Jane (not Mary), see Gresley, 

Jane. 
Gmsley, John (= Gresley) ... 62 
Gratian de Goudin, Cecile .... 107 
Greasley village, in Noltinghamshiie 

(je£ also Beauvale abbey) .25,210 

— priory, see lieauvale priury. 

— family, probable number at present 

alive 135 

of All Saints, Derby (Anne, 

Arabella, Catharine, Charles, 
Dorothy, Elizabeth, Esther, 
Francis, Hannah, Henry, James, 
John, Joseph, Lydia, Mary, 
Ralph, William : iSth cent.) . 211 

— — of Barrow on Soar and 

Mount Sorrel (Anne, Elizabeth, 
Humphrey, Lucretia, Mary, 
Phcebe, Sophia, Thomas : 17th- 
iSth centt.) 211 

of Broughton (Hannah, John : 

iSth cent.) 211 

• of Codsall (Dorothy, Eliza- 
beth, William: I7th-i8thcentt.) 211 

of London (Abigail, Ann, 

Elizabeth,Ellen,H nnnah, I leriry, 
John, Joseph, Kathernie, Mary, 
Sarah, Susannah, William: 17th 
cent.) 211 



Greasley, family, of Rownall (Ralph, 
Richard: 17th cent.) . . . 

ofThringstone and Whitwick 

(Ann, Elizabeth, George, James, 
John, Laurence, Mary, Sarah, 
William : 19th cent.) .... 

of Warwick (Cicely, Edward, 

Thomas: 17th cent.) .... 

— Agnes de (13th cent.) . . . . 

— Agnesde, nie Muscamp ( 1 2th-i 3th 

centt.) 

— Eustachia de (13th cent.) . . . 

— Fr.ancis (19th cent.) 

— Gabriel (iSth cent.) 

— Hugh de, d. 1260 

— Hugh de (13th cent.) . . . . 

— Isabella de, nie Muscamp (12th- 

13th centt.) 

— Idonea de (13th cent.) .... 

— Mary (i 8th cent.) 

— Ralph de (I2th-I3th centt.) . . 

— Ralph de (13th cent.) . . . . 

— William de (i2th cent.) . . . 

— William de (' Gresselv ') (14th 

cent.) 

— William de, d. 1433 

— William, of Oldcote ti7th cent.). 

— Willi.am (19th cent.) 

Greasley Chartulary 

Green, Anne 

Greenock . • 

Greenwich 

Gregson, Elizabeth 

•Greisley' 

Grelly, family, confused with Gres- 

ley 

— family. Barons of Manchester, 

account of it 

— Agnes de, nic Fitz-Nigel . . . 

— Aian de 

— Albert de (nth cent.) . . . . 
2nd Baron Grelly of Manches- 
ter (' Senex') 

3rd Baron Grelly of Manches- 
ter (■ Juvenis ') 

— Albertus de (14th cent.) . . . 

— Alicia de, nie Longchamp . . . 

— Amabel de 

— Archibald de, Captal de Buch . 

— Barbara de 

— Beatri.x de 

— Bernard de 

— Cecily de. nie Baliol 

— Christiana de, nie Ledet . . . 

— Edith de 

— Emma de 

— Hawyse de, nie Burgh .... 

— Herbert de 

— Isabel de, nie Basset 

— Isabella de 

— Jehan de, Captal de Buch . . . 
Capt.il de Buch, K. G. . . . 



312 



hide 



Grelly, Joan de 210 

— Margery de, nie Longchamp . . 209 

— Peter de 209 

— Pierre de, Vicomte de Benauge . 210 

— Robert de (nth ceiu.) . . . . 20S 

— Robert de, son of Thomas . . . 209 
1st Baron Grelly of Manches- 
ter (i2th cent.) 208 

— • — 4thBaronGiellyof Manchester 209 

6th Baron Grelly of Manchester 209 

— • Thomas, 5th Baron Grelly of Man- 
chester 209 

— — 7th Baron Gielly of Manches- 

ter 209 

Grenrion Underwood 137 

Gienfell, Cecil 278 

— Pascoe St. Leger 2(jS 

Gresley, see also Grasley, Greasley, 

Greisley, Grelli, Gressely. 

GRESLEY. (i) Places and Things- 
Hall 117-8 

VillageCChurch Gresley and Castle 
Giesley). Value of the manor 
in 1573 75 

— inquisition about rights there, 
1330 '92 

— . . . . 23-6, 39-40, 43,46-7, 

■;i, 64, 66, 71-2, S3, yo, 
92,94, 104- .s, 109,' lUJ- 
20, 124, 126, 132, 156, 
172, 176, 199 

Canal no 

Castle, account of it 171 

Chartulary .... 213,217,219 
Church 113 

— account of it, paitly by \V. 
Wyrley 179 

Jewel 164 

Motto 81 

Pottery 117 

Priory. . .37-8,41,47-50,62,126 

— account of it 172 

— seals and arms of it . . . . 17S 

GRESLEY (ii) Persons- 
family, Pedigrees (II-VII) . 224-34 

— probable number at present 
alive 13s 

— an ancient right of gallows . . 41 

— the arms, seals, crest, motto . 201;, 

cf. 3*6 

— arms in Gresley Church . . 179 

— account of papers and collec- 
tions relating to the family . 21 2-19 

(unknown Christian name) d. 1535 

or 1536 156 

— A. u. 1623 156 

— A. D. 1646 156 

— dau. of John, of Congerston 
(iSthcent. ?; 157 



Gresley: 

Gresley, of Liverpool, A. D. 1896 157 

— nie Hill (Austr., 19th cent.) . 145 

— nie Peiin (Austr., 19th cent.) . 144 

— nie Phillips (Austr., 19th 
cent.) 144 

Adelaide Frances.dau. of William, 
d. 1844 151 

Agatha de (13th cent.), see Bee, 
Agatha de. 

— ;i3th-i4th centt.), see Grime, 
Agatha. 

Agues de (13th cent.), see Bee, Agnec 

Agatha de. 

— prioress of Gresley priory (13th 
cent.), account of her . . 36, cf. 35 

— wife of Sir Geoffrey (1 3th cent.) 41 
Agnes, a nun, A. D. i-;3S-40 , . 156 

— Elizabeth, dau. of Sir \V. N. 
Gresley (19th cent.) . . 131,219 

Alice de (13th cent.), see Fitz- Alice 

Gilbert, Alice de. 

— wife of Henry (13th cent.) . 34 
Alice (,15th cent.), see Egerton, 

Alice. 

— nie Beaufo, abt. A. D. 1500 . 156 

— nie Beaiijo (16th cent.) . . . O7 
Dame Alice de, nie Siuinnerton 

(14th cent.) 49 

Alicia Frederica, dau. of Nigel 

J. D. (Austr., 19th cent.) . . 146 
Alcna or Kdclina or Elena de, 

wife of Engenuiph \,l2th cent.) . 27, 
111,194 
Almeria Georgiana Eliza, dau. of 

Sir N. B., d. 179S 120 

Ambrose 65 

Amelia, dau. of John (Wore, iSth Amelia 

cent.) 139 

— dau. of John (Wore, iSth-igth 
centt.) 140 

— Charlotte, dau. of Charles 
(Wore, 19th cent.) . . 140,219 

— Mary Whitchurch (Wore, 19th 
cent.) 140 

Andrew Robert, son of Richard, 
d. 1833 •...■•.. 149 

Anna Maria (Worc.\ d. 1845 . 13S 

Anne de (dubious : 15th cent.) . 54 Anne 

Anne, dan. of Sir John (15th 
cent.), error for Elizabeth Gresley 60 

— (16th cent.) ...... 65 

— dau. of Sir George (16th cent.) 67 

— dau. of Thomas, (,i6th-i7th 
centt.) 231 

— dau. of Henry (Wore, 17th 
cent.) 136 

— dau. of Thomas (17th cent.) . 23* 

— dau. of Sir Thomas ( 1 7th-i Sth 
centt.) 94 

Portrait 100 

— dau. of Charles (iSth cent.) . 95 



Index 



313 



Gresley : 

Anne, dau. of Charles (Wore, I Sth 
cent.) 139 

— dau. of Charles (Wore, iSth 
cent.) 141 

— dau. of Francis (Wore, iSth 
cent.) (A) 137 

(Wore, I Sth cent.) (B) . 138 

— dau.of Henry (Wore), d. 1808 142 

— dau. of Sir Nigel, ' Graceful 
Gresley,' d. 1797 112 

— dau. of Robert(Worc.), d. 1799 139 

— dau. of Chailes L. (N. Wales), 

d. 1S06 147 

— wife of Philip (Wore., iSth- 
19th centt.) 137 

— dau. of Charles L. A. R. (N. 
Wales, iQth cent.) 147 

~nie Bolt, A. IT 20 95 

— nde Corbet {idth. cent.) ... 67 

— wife of Simon, nie Dixwell 
(i6th-i 7th centt.) 68 

— n^e Farmer, A. i-]()6 . . .103 
Dame Anne, n:!e Ferrers (i6th- 

ifith centt.) 62 

Anne, wefe HardUy (N. Wales, 
19th cent.) 147 

— nie Betherington (i6th cent.) 6S 

— H<fe Laden (Wore, 18th cent.) 13S 

— nie Macnainara (N. Wales), 

d. 1S57 147 

— nie Fease (Wore, igth cent.) . 140 
Dame Anne, n^e Stanley (i5lh 

cent.) 60 

Anne, «tfe Watkins.A. 17S1 . . 108 

— wife of Simon, nde IVood (iQih 
cent.) 68 

Anne Wright, fi/e Scott, d. 1S64. 151 
Antony, son of Sir William (16th 

cent.) 65 

Arthur, son of Edward ^iCth-i 7th 

centt.) 231 

— son of Thomas, d. 1645 . . 232 

— Francis, son of Sir W. N., R.N. 
(19th cent.) 131 

— Spencer, son of Nigel (19th 
cent.) 131 

Augusta Blanche, dau. of Nigel 
J. D. (Austr.i, d. 1S88 . . .146 

— Catherine, «t'e Leigh (19th 
cent.) 124 

— Penelope (19th cent.) . . . 124 
Baibara, Lady, 7iie IVakot, d. 

1724, account of her .... 101 
Basilia de, wife of Robert (12th 
cent.) 31 

— wife of William (i2th-i3th 
centt.) 34 

Beatrice Georgina, dau. of Nigel 
(19th cent.) 131 

Bcnedicta, Lady, nie Vernon 
(,i5th-i6th ceutt.). . . . 62,65 



Gresley: 

Benjamin, son of John, d. 1740 . 157 
Rev. Blinman, son of Thomas 

(Wore), d. 1772 13S 

Bridget, dau. of Sir Thomas, d. Bridget 

1652 94 

— dau. of Sir George (17th cent.) 91 

— dau. of Sir William, d. 1737 . 102 

— n^e Burdet, d. 1685, account 

of her 90 

Portrait i6r> 

Caroline, wt's Cra/g, d. iS 1 7 . .116 Caroline 

— Anne, dau. of William, d. 
1844 >5i 

— i ranees (' Queenie '), dau. of 
Francis (tgth cent.) .... 153 

— Mary, Countess Langosco 
(19th cent.) 148 

Cassandra (?), dau. of Charles 
L. A. R. (N. Wales, 19th cent.) . 147 

— 7i^e Fearson (H. Wales), d. 
1817 147 

Catherine, see also Gresley, Kat- Catherine 

— dau. of Sir John (15th cent.), 
see Peto, Katherine. 

— (1 6th cent.), see Winter, Kathe- 
rine. 

— ( 1 6th cent.) 65 

— wife of James (i6th cent.) . . 63 

— dau. of Sir Thomas (i6ih-i7th 
centt.) 72 

— dau. of Thomas (i6th-i7th 
centt.) 232 

— dau. of Sir Thomas, d. 1635 • 7^ 

— dau. of Thomas, d. 1667 . . 91 

— dau. of Arthur, d. 1671 . . . 232 

— dau. of Simon, d. 1689. . . 233 

— dau, of Sir Thomas, d. 
if-94 94. iSi 

— dau. of John (Wore),d. 1745 . 139 
(.Wore, I Sth-igth centt.) . 140 

— dau. of William (Austr.), d. 
1S44 . . . • 144 

— dau. of Charles L. A. R. ^N. 
Wales, 19th cent.) 147 

— nJe Aston, d. 1585 .... 68 
Portrait 1G6 

— de, Ui'e Camvile (i3th-i4th 
centt.) 46 

Dame Catherine, nie Sutton, d. 

1 574 63, 164, iSo 

^ account of her 66 

Catherme, Lady, }it!c IValsing- 

hain, d. 1585 71 

— Portrait 166 

Ceciha, dau. of Francis (Wore, 

iSth cent.) 138 

— KcV Leeson (Wore, iSth cent.) . 13S 
Charles, son of Edward, d. 1592 . 231 Charles 

— sou of Thomas (i6th-l'7th 
centt.) 232 



314 



Index 



Gresley : 

Charles Charles, son ofCharlesCiJth cent.) 232 

— sonof Sir Thomas, d. 1724 . 94, gj 

— son of Sir Thomas, d. 1729 . 105 

— son of Henry (Wore), d. 1 735, 
account of him 138 

— sonof Henry, (Wore, 1 8th cent.)i42 

— son of Charles (Wore), d. 
1761 139 

— son of Thomas, d. 1 7S5 . .117 

— son of Charles (Wore, iijth 
cent.) 140 

— son of John (Wore), d. 1S62 . 140 

— son of Nigel (Worc.),d. 1864 . 140 

— son of William (19th cent.) . 124. 

21S 
Charles Adolphus, son of John 
(Austr., 19th cent.) .... 145 

— Egerton, d. 1S57 124 

■ — Francis, son of William 

(Austr.), d. 1834 144 

— Lee, son of John, d. 176S . . loS 
son of Robert (N. Wales), 

d.i847 147 

Andrew Robert, son of 

Charles L. (N. Wales), d. 1848 . 147 
Rev. Charles Vincent (19th cent.) 124 
Charles Willi.im, son of Charles 

L. A. R. (N. Wales, 19th cent.) 147 
Charlotte, dau. of Henry (Wore, 

iSth cent.) 142 

— dau. of John (Wore), d. 1850 I40 
Christian, abt. A.D. 1500 . . . \y^ 
Christopher (i7th-i 8th centt.) . ijO 
Clara, dau. of William (Austr., 

i8th-i9th centt.) 144 

Clementina,dau.of Henry (Wore), 
d. 1739 142 

— dau. of Henry (Wore, iSth 
cent.) 142 

Dionysia de(i 2th-i 3th centt.), sec 
Wiverston, Dionysia de. 
Dorothy Dorothy, dau. of Sir Thomas 
(i6th-i7th centt.), see Barlow, 
Dorothy, Lady. 

— dau. of Sir Thomas, d. 1 715 . 94 

— dau. of Sir Thomas, d. 1729 . 105 

— dau. of Sir Nigel (iSth cent.) .112 

— dau. of Thomas, d. 1 767 . .115 

— dau. of Francis (19th cent.) . 153 

— Lady, nie Bowycr (i7th-i8th 
centt.) 104, l8l 

Portrait 166 

— n^e Dethick {i6\.\i cent.) . 67,72 

— n^e Wilcockson, A. 1746 . . 107 
Edelina de _ (12th cent.), see 

Gresley, Alina de. 
Edmund de, son of Sir Peter 
(14th cent.), account of him . 45,cf.44 
Edward Edward, a monk, A.D. 1548-9 .156 

— son of SirWilliam (iGthcent.) 65 

— of Lichfield, d. 1 5S9. . . .15O 



Gresley : 

Edward,sonofSirGeorge,d.i594 66,76 Edward 

— son of Thomas (A), (i6th-i7th 
centt.) 231 

— — (B), (i6th-i7th centt.) . . 233 

— son of Henry (Wore, 1 7th 
cent.) 136 

— son of William (Austr., 19th 
cent.) 144 

— son of John (Austr.), d. 1855 . 145 
Eleanor, dau. of Francis (Wore), Eleanor 

d. I7«.i 137 

— 7!,<e Buck (Wore), d . 1 703 . . 1 36 
Eleanor Louisa (19th cent.) . .124 
Ekna de, see also Gresley, Alina Elena 

de. 

— (I2th cent.) 27 

— (i6th cent.) 67 

— «tfe Revell (14th cent.) . . . 4G 

Klias de, 1272-1310 154 

Elinor, dau. of Sir George (lOth 

cent.) 67 

— dau. of Robert (Austr., iSth 
cent.^ 143 

Eliza Ellen, jjA' Smith (N. Wales, 

19th cent.) 1^7 

Elizabeth O5 Elirabeth 

— (15th cent.), see Montford, 
Elizabeth. 

— dau. ofSirThomas (i6thcent.), 
see Moutgomer)', Elizabeth. 

— (i6th cent.), see Somerset, 
Charles. 

— dau. of Sir William (i6th-l7th 
centt.) 69 

— dau. of Thomas (i6th-i7th 
centt.) 231 

— dau. of Sir George, d. 1607 . 84 
(17th cent.) 84 

— dau. of Simon (17th cent.) . 233 

— dau. of Thomas, d. 1674 • • 91 

— dau. of Sir Thomas, d. 1693 . 94, 

iSi 
-dau. of Charles (Wore), d. 
1739 13S 

— dau. of John, d. 1744 . . .108 

— dau. of Robert (Austr., iSth 

— cent.) 143 

dau. of Francis CWore, iSth 
cent.) 137 

— dau. of Charles (Wore, iSth 
cent.) 139 

— dau. of Philip (Wore), d. 
1758 137 

— dau. of Charles, d. 1775 . . 95 

— dau. of Thomas, d. 1792 . . 103, 

116,141 

— dan. of Robert ( Wore), d. 1800 139 

— dau. of John, d. 1802 . . .108 

— dau. of Henry (Wore), d. 1825 143 

— dau. of Sir Nigel, d. 1839 . .112 

— dau. of Richard (19th cent.) . 149 



Index 



315 



Gresley : 

Elizabeth, n^e Bahepuiz, wife of 
William (13th cent.) .... 38 

— nie Barton (Wore, l7th-iSth 
centt.) 137 

— nle Black (Austr.), d. 1849 . 144 

— nie Brooke (Wore, lylh 
cent.) 135 

Dame Elizabeth, ?;^« C/ar^//(i4th- 
1 6th centt.) 55 

Elizabeth, nie Crosse (Wore), 
d. 1776 139 

— nie /VaK^i (i6th-i7th centt.) 08, 

90 

— wife of Sir Thomas, nie Harvey 
(iCth cent.) 7', 76 

— nie Lee, d. 1733 103 

— nie Surinan (Wore, iSth 
cent.) 137 

— nie Vincent, d. I'jdc) , . . 114 
Portrait 16S 

— nie Wakelin (i6th-i7th centt.) 231 

— nie Wilkes (iSth-igth centt.) .117 

— Lady, tiie IVyttn, d. 1793, 
account of her 112 

Portrait lOO 

Elizabeth Augusta, dau. of Sir 

N. B.,d. 1S08 120 

Ellen, dau. of Sir Thomas (15th- 

i6th centt.), see Strelley, Ellen. 

— d. 1531 or ipsa 156 

— dan. of Charles L. A. R. 
(N. Wales, 19th cent.) . . . 147 

Emma, dau. of William, d. 1S15 . 122 
Dame Emma, nie JIaitini;s (15th 

cent.) 61 

Emma Sophia, dau. of Sir N. B., 

d. 1813 120 

Portrait 16S 

Enge de (late 13th cent.) . . .154 
Engenulph de, son of William 

(Ingold) (i2th cent.), account of 

him. .27,0^30,187,189,194,198 

— (I3th-i4th centt.) .... 28 
Esther, dau. of William (Austr.), 

d. 1871 144 

Ethel Beatrice Lempriere, dau. of 

Nigel J. D. (Austr., Jpth cent.) . 14(5 
E-anny, dau. of Francis (Wore, 

i8th cent.) 138 

Felicia de (12th cent.), see Dure- 

dent, Felicia. 
Ferrers (Wore), d. 1691 . . .135 
Ferris, son of Thomas (Wore), 

d. 1717 i.^S 

Frances, dau. of Edward, d. 1574 . i jij 

— dau. of Thomas (17th cent.) . 232 

— dau. ofSirGeorge (17th cent.) . 91 
^ Lady, d. 1711, petition of 

Tliomas Gresley about her, abt. 

A. D. 1700 95 

— dau. of Sir Thomas, d. 1713 . 93 



PAGE 

Gresley : 

Frances, dan. of Thomas, d. 1713 103 Frances 

— dau. of Charles (1 8th cent.) . 95 

— dau. of Thomas, d. 1770 . . 117 

— dau. of Sir Nigel, d. 1S36 . .112 

— dau. of Sir W. N. Gresley, 

d. 1S41 131 

— Lady, nie Morewood, d. 1711, 
account of her 93 

two letters from her . . 98, 99 

— nie Wakefield^ 1 6th- 1 7th centt. ) 1 56 
Lady Frances Louisa, nie Spencer- 

Chnrchill {i^ih COXA.) . . .133 
Frances Mary, dau. of William, 

d. 18SS 122 

Francis, son of Charles (Wore), Francis 

d. 1703 13S 

— son of Henry (Wore), d. 1773, 
account of him . . . 136, cf. 219 

— son of Francis (Wore), d. 

ir7« 137 

— son of Charles (Worc.\ d. 
1791 13S 

Major Francis, son of Richard, 
d. 1880, account of him . . .152 

Francis Edward, son of Francis, 
d. 1S78 146, 153 

— Reginald, son of Charles 
(Wore), d. 1812 140 

Geoffrey de (iv), son of William Geoffrey 
(13th cent.), account of him . . 35, 
cf. 20, 205 
his seal 36 

— son of Geoffrey (13th cent.) . 36 
Sir Geoffrey de (vi), son of 

William (I3th-I4th centt.), ac- 
count of him . . 38, cf. 190, 206 

— his seal 41 

Geoffrey de, A.D. 1321 . . .46, 155 
Sir Geoffrey de(viii), d. abt. 1331, 

account of him . 46, cf. 26, 192-3 

— his seal 47 

Geoffrey de (14th cent.) ... 46 

— son of Edmund (^I4th cent.) . 45 

— son ofSir Thomas (15th cent.) . 53 

— son of Sir Thomas (iSth cent.), 
account of him 105 

Rev. Geoffrey Ferrers (19th cent.) 123 

Sir George (xv 6), d. 1 548, account George 

of him. . . 65, cf. 164, 166, iSo 

George, son of Robert (i6th cent.) 63 

— son of James (16th cent.) . . 63 

— son of Thomas (i(5th-i7th 
centt.) 232 

(17th cent.) 232 

— son of Simon (17th cent.) . . 233 
Sir George (.wiii), 1st Bart., d. 

1 65 1, account of him . . 8o,cf. 126 

— his place at the funeral of 
I'rince Henry, 1612 .... 85 

— three letters from him, 1644-5 86 

— Portrait 166 



3i6 



Index 



Gresley : 
George George, son of Sir George (17th 

cent.) 91 

— son of Sir George, d. 1704 . . 91 
George, son of Richard, d. 1812 . I49 
George Nigel, son of Nigel (19th 

cent.) 131 

Georgi.ia Georgina Ann, Lady, nie Reid 

rigth cent.) 102, 130 

— Portrait 16S 

— Wilmot, dau. of Sir W. N. 
(19th cent.) 131 

Gertrude, Lady, n^e Crammer, 
d. 1791 105, 16S 

— dau. of Sir Thomas, d. 1 749 . 105 
Gervas, of Basford (iSth-igth 

centt.) 157 

Gdes (i6th cent.) 65 

Grace Grace, dau. of Sir William (l6th 
ca\l.),see Wolseley, Grace Lady. 

— dau. of Charles (17th cent.) . 232 

— dan. of Sir Thomas, d. 1 709 . 94 
Harriet Harriet, dau. of Henry (Wore, 

I8th cent.) 142 

— dau. of Sir Nigel, d. 1S32 . .113 

— dau. of William (,19th cent.) . 122 
Hastings, son of Sir William 

(i6th-i 7th centt.) . . . .68,90 
Hawisia Hawisia de, njc de Boykston 

(1 2th cent.) 29 

— (I2th-I3th centt.) .... 27 

— dau. of John (Wore, 18th- 
19th centt.) I40 

Henrietta Selina, dau. of Nigel 
J. D. (Austr., 19th cent.) . . 145 
Henry Henry de (or de Wetmore), son 

of William (1 2th cent.) ... 28 

— son ofRobert(i2th-i3th centt.), 
account of him 31 

— son of William (13th cent.) . 34 

— A.D. 1354 155 

— son of Sir Thomas, d. 159S . 72 

— son of Sir George (17th cent.) yi 

— son of Henry (Wore, 17th 
cent.) 136 

— son of John (Wore), d. 16 78, 
account of him 136 

— son of Charles (Wore), d. 
1697 13S 

— son of Francis (Wore, iSth 
cent.) 103, 141 

— son of Francis (Wore), d. 
1773 137 

— sou of Henry (Wore), d. 1786 142 
• — son of Charles (Wore', d. 

1810 140 

Henry Lee, son of John (Austr.), 
d- 1S32 145 

— Scott, son of William, d. 
1S68 151 

Herbert Herbert, son of Nigel J. D. 

(Austr.), d. 1857 I4O 



Gresley : 

Herbert Leigh, d. 1859. . . .124 Herbert 

— Nigel, son of Nigel(i9thcent.) 131 
Hervey de, A. D. 1203 . . . .153 

Hugh de, A. D. 1320 155 

Humphrey, son of Sir William 

(i6th cent.) 65 

Ingenulphus de, se& Gresley, En- 

genulph de. 
Ingerannus, A. D. 1 201 . . . .153 
lugold de, see Gresley, Engenulph 

de. 
Innocentia de (15th cent.), see 

Curzon, Senecha. 

Isaac W., d. 1868 157 

Isabel de, nJe Tamhorn (14th- Isabel 

15th centt.) 51 

— dau. of Sir Thomas, d. 1694 . iSi 
Isabel Beatiice (19th cent.) . .124 

— Herbert, dau. of Nigel J. D. 
(Austr., 19th cent.) . . . .146 

Isabella, d. 1646 232 

— dau. of Sir Thomas, d. 1694 . 94 
Isobel Clare Milliceiit, dau. of 

Nigel J. D. (Austr.), d. 1S78 . 146 
Isolda de, wife of Robert (13th 

"nt.) 41 

James, son of Sir Thomas (i6th James 

cent.) 62, 63 

Rev. James, son of Thomas, d. 

1745 103 

James.son of Robert (Austr., iSth 

cent.) 143 

James Henry, son of John (iSth 

cent.) loS 

— Thorley, son of William 

(."Vustr., 19th cent.) . . . .144 
Jane or Joan de (15th cent.), see Jane 

Astley, Dame Jane de. 
Jane, dau. of Sir William (l6th- 

17th centt.) 69 

— dau. of Sir George (17th 
cent.) 91 

— dau. of Thomas (Wore), d. 
i7>5 '3S 

— dau. of Robert (Austr., i8th 
cent.) 143 

— nie Bemifo {ydth. <itVL\.>j . . . 67 

— >!^e Bus/y {I c,th cent.) . . . 155 

— ru'e Cannon (Wore), d. 16S8 . 138 

— Ht'f CraH/ (iSth cent.) . . .105 

— >u'e Hurt (l8th cent.) . 104, 14a 

— nic Nelson, d. 1702 .... 91 

— Htt Sharpe (Austr., 19th cent.) 145 

— He'd Whitchurch (Wore), d. 
1S42 140,141 

Jane Charlotte, nie Drummond 
(19th cent.) 123, 153 

— Frances, nie Jesson (Wore, 
19th cent.) 140 

— Giammer, dau. of Geoffrey, d. 
1S03 lofl 



Index 



317 



Gresley : 

Juan Ae,scc also Gresley, Jnne de. 

— (14th cent.), see Butler, Joan 
de ; Wale, Jo.in de. 

— dan. of Sir Thomas (istli 
cent.), see Browne, Joan de. 

— dau. of Edward, d. 11^76 . . 1:^6 

— of Lichfield, d. 1 5S7' . . .1J6 

— n^e Blinman (Wore.'), d. 1726 158 
(Worc.),d. 174S . . . .138 

— nie Devon (Wore., iSih cent.) 139 

— K«'<;i)/or^(i6th-i7thcentt.),72, 135 
Dame Joan de (Wasteneys), Ktfe 

Toly (14th cent. 1, account ot her 49 
Joanna (Wore, iSth-igtli centt.) 138 

— Beatrice, nJc Wilson (19th 
cent.) 131 

Dame Johanna de, nk Stafford 
(I3th-I4th centt), account of her 43, 
190, 1 98 

John 65 

John de, son of Walter (13th 
cent.) 154 

— son of Robert and Isolda (13th- 
14th centt.) 41,45 

— A. D. 1305 IJ4 

— (14th cent.) 48 

— prior ol Gresley (14th cent.) . 48, 

176 
Sir John de (ix), d. abt. 1395 . . 176 

— account of him 48 

— his seal 49 

John de (early 15th cent.) . . .155 
Kir John de (xii), d. 1449, account 

of him 54, cf. 52 

John (15th cent.) 155 

Sir John, Kt. (xjii), d. 1487 . . 155 

— account of him 57 

John, son of Sir Thomas (15th- 

i6th centt.), account of him . . 62 

— (i6th cent.) 63 

— son of Edward, d. 1559. . .231 

— son of Edward, d. 1570 . . . ii;6 

— A.D. i=,94-6 156 

— son of Sir Thomas, d. 1623 . 72, 

— son of John (Wore, 17th cent.) 13s 

— d. 1656 156 

— son ot Henry (Wore), d. 1718 136 

— son of Sir Thomas, d. 1 733 . 105 

— of Abbot's Bromley, d. 1742 . 157 

— of Congerston (iSth cent.?). 
Three generations of Gresleys of 
these names occur 157 

— son of John (I Sth cent.) . .157 

— sonof Erancis(A), (Wore, iSth 
cent.) 137 

(B), (Wore, 1 8th cent.) .138 

— son of John (Wore, i8th cent.) 140 

— sonof Charles(Worc.),d. 1780 139 

— son of Thomas (Wore), d. 
1781 13S 



Gresley: 

Jolm, son of Thomas, d. 17R2. . I17 John 

— (x.\ii), son of Thomas, d. 
'7S3 107 

Rev. John, son of John, d. 1795, 
account of him 107 

John, son of John (Wore), d. 
1796 139 

— son -of Charles (Wore), d. 
1S18 140 

— son of William (Austr.), d. 
186S 144 

Rev. John Morewood, d. 1866, 
account of him 122 

— his account of Gresley 
Priory 172 

— his Gresley collections . . .217 
John Scott, son of William, d. 

1S44 151 

— Walsey, son of Robert (N. 
Wales), d. 1779 147 

Josephine Lempriere, dau. of 

Nigel J. D. (Austr.), d. 1865 . 146 
Judith, dau. of Arthur (17111 

cent.) 232 

Juliana de (i3th-i4th centt.), see 

Spencer, Juliana le. 
. — perh. wife of Geoffrey (13th 

cent.) 37 

Katherine, see Gresley, Catherme. 
Ratline de, A. D. 1340 .... 155 

— A.D. 1380 155 

Laura, dau. of Nigel J. D. (Austr., Laura 

19th cent.) 146 

— dau. of Sir Thomas, d. 1S56 . 133 

— Anne, Lady, ttje IFilliams 
(19th cent.) 132 

Laurence, son of Sir Robert (19th 

cent.) 133 

Rev. Laurence Stafford (19th 

cent.) 123 

Lee, d. 1749 103 

Letitia de Ci3th-I4th centt.) . . 2S 
Lettice, dau. of Simon (17th Lettice 

cent.) 233 

— dau. of Sir Thomas, d. 1735 . 94 
letter from her to Mrs. Balli- 

don, abt. 1720 100 

Louisa, dau. of William, d. 1840 . 151 Louisa 

— Elizabeth, dau. of William, 

d. 1S61 122 

— Florence, dau. of Nigel J. D. 
(Austr., 19th cent.) .... 146 

— Georgiana Maria, dau. of Sir 

N. B. (i8th-i9th centt.) . . .120 

— Jane, dau. of Sir Nigel, d. 
1S06 . . . 113,119,121-2,16') 

Portrait 168 

— Mary, dau. of Sir W. N. Gres- 
ley (19th cent.) 131 

Madeline, dau. of Nigel J. D. 
(Austr., 19th cent.) .... 146 



3i8 



Index 



Gresley : 

Margaret Margaret de (i 2th cent.) . . . 2S 

— (Babendon), (I2th cent.) . . 21 

— (15th cent.), ses Babthorpe, 
Margaret de. 

— dau. of Sir Thomas (15th 
cent.), see Blount, Dame Mar- 
garet. 

Margaret (i6th cent.) .... 67 

— (i6th cent.) 156 

— dau. of Edward (16th cent.) . 156 

— dau. of Charles (Wore), d. 
I?" 13S 

Dame Margaret de, n(e Gernon 
(14th cent.), account of her . . 47 

— her seal 47-S 

Margaret, Lady, nie Mulsho (i6th 

cent.) 66 

Dame Margaret, nie A'orwooJ 
(15th cent.) 55 

— de, nie Walsh (I4th-i5th 
centt.) 53 

Margaret Morewood (19th cent.) . 124 
Margery de, lu'e Somcrvile (:3th 

cent.) 36 

Maria Maria, dan. of Simon (17th cent.) 233 

— dau. of John (Wore, iSth- 
19th centt.) 140 

— dau. of William (19th cent.) . 124 
Maria EUza, Lady, nie Garway, d. 

1840 120, 121, 124 

— Elizabeth, nie Archer (19th 
cent.) 123, 234 

Marianne Harriet, nie Abbott 
(Austr., 19th cent.) .... 145 
Martha Martha, dau. of Henry (Wore, 

iSth cent.) 142 

— dau. of John (iSth cent.) . . 157 

— «i'f jS'a;;// (i Sth cent.) . . .157 
Mary Mary, dau. of Sir Thomas (15th- 

i6th centt.), see Forster, Mary. 

— dau. of Sir William (i6th- 
17th centt.) 69 

— (i6th-i7th centt.). Error for 
Elizabeth Gresley, nee Francis . 90 

— dau. of Sir George (17th cent.) 91 

— (17th cent.) 232 

— dau. of Thomas (17th cent.) . 232 

— dau. of Henry (Wore), d. 
1657 136 

— A. D. 1667 ij6 

— d. 1674 156 

— dau. of Sir Thomas (i7th-iSth 
centt.) 94 

— dau. of Francis (Wore, iSth 
cent.) 13S 

— dan. of Charles (Wore), d. 
J7S7 141 

— dan. of William (Austr., l8th- 
19th centt.) 144 

— dau. of Robert (Wore), d. 
1S04 '39 



Gresley : 

Mary, dau. of Thomas, d. 1834 . 116 Mary 

— nie Aliye (Wore), d. 1664 . 136 

— ttie Amiingson, d. 1797 . . 108 

— nee Bradley, d. 1766 . 108, 286 

— nie Davis (Austr.), d. 1818 . 144 

— nie Deane, d. 1791 .... 108 

— (error for Jane), nie Grant 
(iSth cent.) 106 

— nie Gresley (Wore), d. 1753 . 138, 

142 

— nie /ones (Wore), d. 1804 . 139 

— nie Lipcomb (Wore, i Sth cent.) 1 37 

— nie Marsh (Wore, i8th cent.) 139 

— nie Phillimore 116 

— nie Smith (Austr.), d. 1861 . 145 

— Lady, nie Southwell, d. 
1622 71 

— }iie Thorp, &.\%(>^ . . . .122 
• — nie Thorp, A. 1S94 .... 152 
Mary Anne, dan. of Simon (17th 

cent.) 233 

dau. of Robert (N. Wales, 

iSth-i9th centt.) 147 

■ daughter of Charles L. (N. 

Wales), d. 1827 147 

dau. of William T. (N. 

W'ales, d. 1S33) 147 

dau. of Charles L. A. R. 

(N. Wales), d. 1878 .... 147 
Penn, dau. of John (Austr., 

19th cent.) 145 

— Elizabeth, dau. of William, 

d. 1868 151 

— Lilian, dau. of Francis (19th 
(cent.) 153 

— Louisa, dau. of Francis (19th 
cent.) 153 

— Susanna, dau. of Sir Nigel, d. 
1S20 113 

Nicholas fitz-Nigelde(i 2th cent.), Nicholas 

account of him, the founder of 
the Longford line ... 21, 1S7 

Nicholas de, son of Robert (12th- 
13th centt., dubious) .... 31 

— A.D. 1330 192-3 

— (14th cent.) 46 

Sir Nicholas de, Kt. (x), d. abt. 

1 3S0, account of him .... 50 
Nicholas, son of Sir John (15th 

cent.) 55. 57 

Nigel de,d. abt. 1115, see Stafford, Nigel 

Nigel de. 

— son of William (i 2th cent.) . 28, 

1 8 7-8 
Nigel, son of Thomas, d. 1 761 . 115 
Sir Nigel, 6th Bart. (xxiii},d. 1 787, 
account of him . . . 109, cf. 164 

— Portraits 166, 168 

Nigel, eight sons of William 

(Austr., iSth-iQth centt.) . . 144 

— sonofSirN. B.,d. 1816 . 120,181 



Index 



319 



Gresley : 

Nigel Nigel,sonof.SirRobcrt(i9thcent.) 133 

— son of Nigel J. D. (Austr., 
19th cent.) 146 

— son of Charles (Wore), d. 
1884 140 

Rev. Nigel, son of Sir W. N. 
Gresley, d. 1897, account of 
him 131 

Sir Nigel Bowyer (xxiv) , 7 th Bart. , 
d. 180S, account of him, 117, cf. 165 

— Portraits 166 

Nigel Bowyer, son of Nigel (19th 

cent.) 131 

— Egerton (19th cent.) . . .124 

— John Davis, son of John 
(Austr.), d. 1S79 145 

— Morewood (19th cent.) . 123, 234 

— Scott, son of William, d. 1S63 152 
Rev. Nigel Walsingham . 123, 218 

Oliver (15th cent. ?) 155 

Paganus de (13th cent.) ... 28 
Penelope, Kt'^ Vavasour,&.\%^'& . 123 
Sir Peter de, Kt. (vii), account of 

him 42, cf. 206 

Peter de, son of Sir Peter (14th 

cent.), account of him 45, cf. 43-4 

Peter (iSthcent.) 143 

Petronilla de, see Audley, Petro- 

niUa de. 
Phihp Philip,ofCorgerston(iSthcent.?) 157 

— son of Francis (Wore), d. 
1763 137 

— son of Philip (Wore), d. 1825 137 

— A. D. 1854 157 

Ralph Ralph de, or de Hethre (12th- 

I3thcentt.) . 28,30,187,189,205 

— seals of his 28,32 

Ralph de, A. D. 1303 .... 154 
Rebecca Maria, nie Harvey, d. 

1S76 137 

Reginald de (i2lh cent.), ac- 
count of him and his son 

Reginald 29, cf. 190 

Reginald (Wore; 17th cent.) . . 133 
Richard Richard de (13th cent.) . . . . 2S 

— (I3th-I4th ccntt.) .... 28 

— (14th cent.) 155 

— A.D. 1481-91 135 

— son of Robert (Worc.),d. 1739 139 

— Newcombe, son of Richard, d. 
1S37 116,148 

four letters from him, 1821 157 

— son of Thomas, d. 1850, ac- 
count of him . . 115, cf. 106, 148 

Capt. Richard Nigel, son of 

Francis (19th cent.) .... 152 
Richard Scott, son of William, d. 

Robert Robert de, son of William "(ii) 

(I2th cent.), account of him . 29, cf. 
187-90 



PAGE 

Gresley : 

Robert, d. abt. 1203, confused Robert 

with his uncle Robert . . 27, 30 

— A.D. 1215 154 

— son of Geoffrey (13th cent.) . 36 

— son of Sir Geoffrey (13th 
cent), account of him .... 41 

— (I3th-I4thcentt.) .... 28 

— Canon of Gresley (i3th-i4th 
centt.) 176 

— A.D. 1300 154 

— A.D. 1340 155 

— (14th cent.). Married Kathe- 
rine de Camvile : perhaps the 
same as Sir Robert de Gresley 

of Edingale 46 

Sir Robert de (of Edingale), son 
of Sir Peter (14th cent.), account 
of him 45. cf. 43-4 

— his seal 46 

Robert de, son of Sir Robert 

(14th cent.) 46 

— (I4th-I5th centt.). Probably 
an error for Roger de Gresley, 
son of Sir Nicholas .... 51 

— son of Sir Thomas (i6th 
cent.) 62, 63 

— son of Thomas, d. 1585 . . 156 

— A.D. 1594-6 156 

— of Watton fi7th-iSth centt.) . 156 

— son of Thomas (Wore), d. 
1713 13S 

— son of Robert (Wore), d. 
17.79 139 

Capt. Robert, son of Sir Thomas 

(iSthcent.) 104,142 

Robert, son of John (iSth cent.). 108, 
146 

— son of Robert (Austr., iSth 
cent.) 143 

— son of Charles (Wore), d. 
1760 139 

Sir Robert (xxvii), nth Bart. 1 26 k, 
127, 130 « 

— account of him 133 

— account of Drakelowe by him 161 
Robert Archibald Douglas, who 

assumed the name of Gresley . 137 
Roger de, A. D. 1 210-12 . . .153 Roger 

— son of Sir Peter (14th cent.), 
account of him .... 46, cf. 45 

— son of Sir Nicholas (i4th-i5th 
centt.), account of him ... 51 

Sir Roger (xxv), 8th Bart., d. 
1837, account of him, I24,cf.i2i, 173 

— Portraits 166-7 

Roger, son of Francis (19th cent.) 153 
Rev. Roger St. John (19th cent.) 123 
Rosamond Evelyn (19th cent.) . 124 
Rose 65 

— Elizabeth, dau. of Francis 
(19th cent.) 153 



320 



Index 



Gresley : 

l<-a\\\ SWngihy , nt'e Dtincor>ibe . i,^j, 

Sarah Sarah (17th cent.) 151) 

— A. D. 1655-6 156 

— dau. of Arthnr (17th cent.) . 232 

— dau. of Sir Thomas, d. 1736 . 9 s 

— dan. of Francis (Wore, iSth 
cent.) 137 

— dan. of Henry (Wore, iSth 
cent.) 142 

— dan. of John (Anstr., :9th 
cent.) 145 

— nde Lighton (iSth-igth centt.) 157 

— nee Oborne (Wore), d. 1746 . 141 
Sarah Ann Lowe, dau. of William 

(Austr.), d. 18S4 144 

Selina, dau. of Sir Thomas, d. 

1738 105 

Senecha de, see Curzon, Senecha. 

Simon de (Longford), (12th cent.) 21 

— A.D. 1279 154 

Simon, son of Thomas (i6th-i7th 
centt.) 231 

— d. 1637, account of him . . 6S 

' Sleaneya ' 1 05 « 

Sophia (Wore. "I, d. 1849 . . . 138 

— Amelia, dau. of Sir W. N. 
Gresley, d. 1853 131 

Lady Sophia Catherine, nie 
Coventry, A. 1875 . 125, 127, 130, 
164 

— Portraits 167 

Sophia Editha, dan. of Sir Roger, 

d. 1823 128 

Stephen de, A.D. 1 199 . . . .153 
Stephen, d. 1637. Error for 

Simon Gresley 68 

Stukeley Marmaduke 1,19th cent.) 123, 
234 
Susan Susan,dan. of Thomas (i6th-i 7th 

centt.) 232 

— dau. of John (Austr.), d. 1844 . 145 

— Lady, nie Ferrers . . . . 83 

— Isabel Garstin (' Daisy '), dau. 

of Francis (19th cent.) . . .153 
Thomas Thomas de, A. D. 1317 . . . .154 

— son of Sir Peter (14th cent.), 
account of him 44 

— A.D. 13S0 155 

— A.D. 1429 155 

Thomas 65 

Sir Thomas de (xi), d. abt. 1445, 

account of him 52 

— his seal 53 

Sir Thomas (xiv), d. 1503, account 

of him 61 

Thomas, son of Sir George (i6th 

cent.) 67 

— son of Sir William (i6th 
cent.) 65 

— (i6th cent.) 156 

— of Stopleford, d. I5:;S . . .156 



Gresley : 

Thomas, son of Edward (i6th- Thomas 

17th centt.) 231 

Sir Thomas (xvii), son of Sir 
William, d. 1610, account of him 69, 
cf. 68, 213 

— list and value of his manors 

in 1573 74 

Thomas (xix), son of Sir George, 

d. 1642, account of him ... 89 
Portrait 166 

— son of Arthur (17th cent.) . . 232 

— son of Thomas (17th cent.) . 232 
Sir Thomas (xx), 2nd Bart., d. 

1699, account of him .... 93 

— petition of Thomas Gresley 
about him, abt. A. D. 1700 . . 95 

— account of his monument in 
Gresley Church iRo 

— -Portraits 166, 16S 

Thomas, son of Thomas, d. 1709 . 103 

— son of Charles (\Vorc.\ d. 
1727 ' . . 138 

— son of Sir Thomas, of Nether 
Seile, d. 1743, account of him . 102 

• petition from him about his 

settlements, about A. D. 1700 . 95 

Portrait 16S 

letter to him from his mother 

(1689 or 1690) 98 

Sir Thomas (xxii), 4th Bart., d. 
1746, account of him . 104, cf. 168 

— Portraits of him and his 
family 166 

Thomas, son of Robert (Austr., 
i8th cent.) 143 

— (iSth cent.) 156 

— son of John (iSth cent.) . . 157 
Sir Thomas (xxiii), 5th Bart., d. 

1753, account of him .... 109 

— Portrait 1 66 

Rev. Thomas, D.D., of Nether 

Seile, d. 1785, account of him . 113 
Thomas, son of Geoffrey, d. 1 798 . : 06 

— son of Blinman (Wore, i8th- 
19th centt.) 138 

— son of Thomas, d.1817, account 

of him 115 

Sir Thomas (xxvi), loth Bart., 

d. 1868, account of him 131, cf. 167 
Thomas Morgan, son of Richard, 

d. 1807 148 

Thomasine, dau. of Sir John, d. 

I481, see Darell, Thomasine. 

— perh. dau. of Sir John (15th 
cent.), see Wrottesley, Thoma- 
sine. 

Dame Thomasine de, tt^e Wasle- 
neys, account of her . . 5 1 , cf. 50 

Ursula, dau. of Sir William (t6th 
cent.) 65 

— 65 



Index 



321 



Gresley : 

Vincent de, A. D. 1321-49 . .46,155 

W. B., A. D. 1792 15'; 

Walslnghara Walsingham, son of Sir Thomas, 

d. 1633, account of him . 72, cf. iff^ 

letter from him abt. Lord 

Wentworth's arrival in Dublin, 
Jan. i63f 76-9 

Portrait 166 

— son of Henry (Wore), d. abt. 
■713 i3<> 

— son of John, d. 17S6 . . . loS 

— son of William (Austr., iSth- 
19th centt.) 144 

Walter Walter de, of Donisthorp (13th 

cent.) 154 

. — son of Henry (Wore), d. 1737 142 

— son of Sir Thomas, d. 1S64 . 133 
Wilhelmina Mary (19th cent.) . 124 

William William 65 

William i^tz-Nigel de (i), d. 
1 1 66 ?, account of him . 24,cf.32, 
172. 175. i79> 187. 190 
William de (Longford), (i 2th cent.) 21 

— son of William (i 2th cent.) . 28 

— (iii), son of Robert (I2th-i3th 
centt.), account of him 32, cf 18S- 

90, 205 

— A.D. 1240 154 

— (v),son of Geoffrey (13th cent.\ 
account of him . . . 37, cf. 28, 

36, 1S8, 206 
his seal 37 

— son of Robert (13th cent.) . . 41 

— (I3th-I4th centt.). Two of this 
name were ordained early in the 
14th cent 154 

— A.D. 1319 155 

— (14th cent.) 50 

— A.D. 1374-5 If.') 

— abbot of Beauchief, d. 1433 . 56 
William, B.C.L., A.D. 1466 . .155 

— A. D. I48I 155 

Sir William (xv a), d. 1521, ac- 
count of him 64, cf. 206 

his seal 65 

— (xvi), d. 1573, account of him 67, 

cf. 66 

list and value of his manors 

in 1573 74 

— son of Edward, d. 1586. . . 231 

— sonof Edward, d. 1589 . . .156 

— son of Sir Thomas (i6th-i7th 
centt.) 72 

— son of Thomas (17th cent.) . 232 

— son of Simon (17th cent.) . . 233 

— son of Sir William (early iSth 
cent.) 102 

Sir William, 3rd Bart, (xxil, d. 
1710, account of him . .100, cf. 96 

— Portrait 166 

William, son of Thomas, d. 1717 103 



Gresley : 

William, son of Sir Thomas, d. Willian 

1724 104 

— son of Sir Thomas, d. '1731 . 105 

— son of Robert, of Watton (iSth 
cent.) 156 

— son of John (i8th cent.) . . 157 

— son of William Theophilus, d. 
1784 loS 

— son of William (Austr., i8th- 
19th centt.) 144 

Rev. William, son of Thomas, d. 
1829, account of him, I2i,cf. 114, 124 

— Portrait 166 

William, schoolmaster at Marl- 
borough, d. 1843 143 

— son of William, d. 1844 . .151 

— son of John (Austr.), d. 1852 . 145 
Rev. William, of Boyne Hill, d. 

1876, account of him .... 140 
William de Aula de, A. D. 1308 . 154 
William Francis (19th cent.) . . 23^ 

— Lee, son of Sir W. N. Gresley, 



i. i« 



t3i 



— Nigel, son of William T. iN 
Wales), d. 1837 . . . .' . 147 

Rev. Sir William Nigel (xxv), 
9th Bart., d. 1S47, account of 
him 129, cf. 126 

— Portraits 16 7-8 

William Nigel, son of Francis 

(19th cent.) 153 

— Stukeley (19th cent.) . . . 123 

— Theophilus, son of John, d. 
1826, account of him . 108, cf. 147 

— Toplis, son of Charles L. 
(N. Wales), d. 1836 . . . .147 

Wilmot, Lady, nie Gresley, d. 

1 790, account of her, ii9,cf.I09, 181 
Portrait 166 



Gresseley, William de, see Greasley, 

William de. 
Grey, Ciceley 283 

— Edward, Lord Grey of Wilton . 262 

— Isabella 29:: 

— Thomas, of Gresley . . . . 117 « 

— William, Lord Grey of Wilton . 27,^ 
Grim, John 4,5 

— Ralph 189, 276 

and Agatha 28 

and Margaret and John . . 28 

Grindon or Grinton, in Yorkshire . i.^.; 
Grisling or Gresley, family ... 65 
Grote, Caroline, d. 1817, see Gresley, 

Caroline. 



322 



Index 



Growtey 


Vs 


Harvey, Rebecca Maria, see Gresley, 


P.C. 










• Guerre des Belles Dames ' . . . 


jj 


Hastings, the College of Secular 




Guilford, Sir John 


29s 


Canons in the Castle .... 


ISS 


Gunning, —, of Sutton 


'15 


— or Senlac, battle of 


10 


— Elizabeth, Duchess of Hamilton, 




Hastings, family, Pedigree .... 


262 


d. 1790 


167 


— Anne 


2.S4 


— Maria, Countess of Coventry, d. 




— Emma, dau. of Sir Ralph, see 






246 


Greslev, Emma. 




Gyll, Col. George F. and Alicia 




— William, Lord Hastings, d. 1483, 




Frederica, «,f^ Gresley . . . 


146 


covenant to defend him in 1474- 








p and 14S1 55 


,60 


Hacker, Elizabeth ...... 


261 


Hatfield, in Worcestershire . . . 


1,6 


Haddon Hall .... 57, 63, 65, 


10^ 


Hathersedge, Cecilia 


279 


Hainault, Baldwin Count of . . . 


i^ 


Hatton, Anthony 


244 


Hales, family, Pedigree 


260 


Haute Bruyere 


12 


.Sir Bartholomew Elizabeth and 






149 


Katharine 


72 


Hawkesbnry, Lord, see Foljambe, 


Halifax, in Yorkshire 


140 


Cecil G. S. 




Hall, George Webb and Maria, n^e 




Hawley, Agnes 


240 


Gresley 

— R. Gresley 


140 


Haytcr, Prances Jane 


26S 


21q 


Haywood, Great and Little . . 66 


7,=;. 


— Thomas and Mary, «/« Greasley . 


211 


185 


199 


Hallett, Amelia, n^e Gresley . . . 


HP 


Heathcote (Hedcote) . . 28, 40 


4.1. 


Halsey, Alice 


201 


172, 176, 1S3, 198-y 


Hambury, John de 


44 


— family, Pedigree 


263 


Hamersley, Jane L. W 


27S 


— Emma Sophia, H<fe Gresley . . 


120 


Hamilton, Lady Albertha F. A. . . 


27S 


Portrait 


1 68 


— Duchess of, j<re Gunning, Elizabeth, 




— Sir John Edensor and Anne, «cV 




d. 1790. 




Gresley 


112 


Hammond, Joseph and Sarah, nie 
Gresley 








li^e 


Heather (Hethdra) ... 30, 1S6, 


199 


Hanbury 


63 


Hebertus, Bp 


.s 


Handford (Heneford) ... 185 


iqq 


Heckstall, Margaret 


2.S4 


Hansacre, Anne 


281 


Hedcote, see Heathcote. 




Harcourt, Anne 


270 


Heg\vin, Osbert de 


l.S,^ 


— Elizabeth 


2^S 


Hellicar, Joseph and Henrietta, n^e 




— Sir Tohn 


262 


Gresley 


140 


— Sir Simon 67, 76, 


2S6 


— Thomas and Catherine, «<<« Gresley 


140 


Hardlev, Anne, see Gresley, Anne. 




Hendenhouse Heath, see Clifton. 




Hardwick, Anne 


297 


Heneage, George 


277 


Hargrave, Henry J. B. and Augusta 




Heneford, see Handford. 




Blanche, n^e Gresley . . . . 


146 


Henley, Lady Catherine .... 


246 


Harington,Lady,if«NevilI,Cathenne. 




Henrietta Maria, Queen .... 


168 




2S1 
21.^ 


Henry vi. King, Dame Jane de 
Astley, n^e Gresley, his nurse . 




Harland, John 


f'h 


Harper, Mary 


260 


Henry vii, King 


60 


Harpur, family 


[)0-I 


Henry, Prince, d. 1612, account of 




Pedigree 


261 


his funeral 84, cf 


8i 


— Dorothy (15th cent.) . . . . 


2.H 


Herbert, Chariotte 


28S 


— — (17th cent.) 


296 


Herdeby 


i?i 


— Rev. John and Mary, «/e Gresley . 


91 


Hereford, Earl of, see Fitz-Osberne, 




— Sir Richard and Elizabeth, nie 




William. 




Gresley 


m 


Herleberg, Roger de .... 187-8 


and Katharine 




Herschell, Sir John and William, 




Harries, William 


>fi 


astronomers 


MS 


Harrow School 




Herte, John and Annes 


fS 


Hartington, Margaret 


247 


Heteleia, see Wetley. 




Hartley, near Coventry 


40 


Hethdra, see Heather. 




Harvey, Elizabeth, dau. of James, 




Hetherington,Anne,i«t'Gresley,Anne. 




see Gresley, Elizabeth. 




Hethre, Ralph de, see Greslev, 




— James 7 


.76 


Ralph de. 





Index 



323 



Hewett (Huwet), Sir Walter ... 50 
High Leigh, in Cheshire . . . .124 
High Parle, near Droitwich . . .137 
Hilda, daughter of Hrolf Nefja . . 2 

Hildresham 154 

Hill, — , sec Gresley, — , n^e Hill. 

— John 256 

Hinton on the Green 115 

Hispania, Rogerus de 6 

Hixon (Huitedone, Hnxon, &c.) . 40-1, 

43. 47. 64, 75. 1S5, 199 
Hobart, in Tasmania . . . . 145-6 

Hobhouse, family 141 

Hochstadt, battle of, A. D. 1703 . . 94 

Holand, Matilda de 2S4 

Holbech, Capt. Edward A. and Mary 

Louisa, nie Gresley .... 153 
Holies, John, Earl of Clare, d. 

1665 136 

Holne priory 20 

Holywell, in Flintshire 147 

Honthorst, William 167 

Hood, Wilmot,K« Gresley, Wilmot, 

Lady. 

Hoord,Jane 63, 25S 

Hopegood, Mrs. — .... 9S, 102 

— Francis loi 

Hopton, Florence 248 

Hordley 154 

Horsley Woodhouse 131 

Horli Carolini Rosa Altera . . .136 

Horton, William 69 

How, Mary Louisa 113 

Howe, Ch.-irlotte Sophia, Baroness . 115 
Hrolf, see Rollo. 

Hugh, archbp. of Rouen, d. 9S9 . . 3 
Huglies, Rev. — , of Newton Longue- 

viUe 131 

Hulcius, fictitious name (?) ... 3 
Humphreston, Cassandra .... 258 
Humphrey, — , son of Dr. Lawrence 

Humphrey 86 

Huncdeus 3 

Hunt, William le 45 

Huntingdon, Earl of, see Waltheof. 

— Judith or Adeliza, dau. of 

Waltheof, Earl of . . . . 13. '9 

— Matilda, dau. of the Earl of . 15, 19 
Hurst 200 

— Grace 273 

— Herbert, his ground plan of Gres- 

ley priory 1 7.5 

Hurstpierpoint 144 

Hurt, Jane, see Gresley, Jane. 
Hustedone, see Hixon. 
Hutchins, Rev. W., of Bath . . .124 
Hutchinson, Sir Thomas .... S3 
Huwet, Sir Walter, see Hewett, Sir 

Walter. 
Huxon, see Hixon. 



Ilfiacombe 



Ilkley (Ylkesleye) 47 

India 136 

Indies, West loS 

Ingp, family 91 

— fimily. Pedigree 264 

— • Frances 91, 93, 251 

— Henrietta 26! 

— William, d. 1690 93 

— William, d. 1731 180 

Ingleby (Englebi) . . . . 1S3, 200 

Ingram, Barbara 251 

Ipswich 45 

Iruham, Lord, d. 1787, see Luttrell, 

Simon. 

Italy 5. 126 

Ivar, Jarl of the Uplanders ... 2 

Jackson, Dr. Cyril, Dean of Christ 

Church, Oxford 115 

— Capt. George and Susan, /a'e 

Gresley 145 

— Sir Philip 291 

Jamaica 291 

James i, King 167 

Jansen, Cornelius 166 

Jeayes, Isaac Herbert 2x6 

Jelly, John and Harriet, ne'e Gresley, 

and their family 113 

Jenetts, Richard 299 

Jenkinson, Catherine 291 

Jervas, Charles, d. 1739 .... 102 
Jesson, Jane Frances, see Gresley, 

Jane Frances. 

Jewitt, Orlando 123 

Jodrell Hall, in Cheshire . . . .124 
John, son of Alma 28 

— Prince, Duke of Bedford, son of 

Edward iv, d. 1435 .... 55 
Jones, Mary, see Gresley, Mary. 

— Robert and Mary Ann, fu<e 

Gresley 147 

Jortz, Sir Robert de 394 

' Katharine of Kent' 72 

' Katharine of York 72 

Kegworth 211 

Keith, Lady Elizabeth 263 

Kempsey, in Worcestershire . . .120 
Kendal, Francis Russell, and Mary, 

«ife Thorp, and their family, 152, 285 
Kenilworth . 21, 25, 39, 116, 14S-9, 152 
Kerke, Rev. Richard and Catherine, 

tiiie Gresley 232 

Keroualle, Louise Renee de, Duchess 

of Portsmouth 167 

Kettle, Tilly 166 

Kevillioc, Agnes de, see Ferrers, 

Agnes de. 

King, Gregory, Lancaster Herald . iSo, 

206 

Kingsbury Cliffe, in Warwickshire . 107 

Kingshurst 60 



324 



Index 



Kingsley (Chingeslei) . . 25, 18G, 200 

Kingston . 36, 38-41, 43, 64, 71, 74-s, 

1S8, 200 

— dispute abt. the advowson of the 

church 32. 37 

— dispute about rights in the manor, 

1588 (' Gresley's Case ') ... 73 

Kirkby, William iiik 

KncUer, Sir Gorlfrev 102 

Knight, Elizabeth . ' 211 

Knight of the Swan, account of the 
romance, and the Toeni and 
other families connected with it 14 

Knighton 200 

Kniveton, John 271 

— St. Loe 54 

Knypersley . 66, 104, no, in, 300, 242 

Kuhue, Emily 143 

Kynefare forest 40 

L, near Belton, probably L(a Grace 
Dieu) nunnery, st:e Grace Dieu. 
La Belle Assemble or Court Maga- 
zine 1 1 S 

Laceby 65 

Lacy, Petronilla de, see Toeni, Petro- 

niUa de. 
Lader, Ann, see Gresley, Ann. 

' Lady Blackwig ' 105 

' Lady Whitewig ' 112 

Ladyhole, in Derbyshire . . . .103 
Lambton (Lamberton) .... 64, 200 
Lancaster, a quiver of Lancaster 

make 34 

— Duke of, d. 1361, see Plantagenet, 

Henry. 

— Honour of 32-3 

— and York . . . 52-5, 57-9, 61-2 

Lnngford, Edward 240 

Langford Eondville 135 

Langosco di Langosco, Count Ric- 

cardo F. and Caroline M. («c'« 

Gresley), and their family . . 148 
Lanington (Lamington, Langton, 

Lavington), near Oxford ... 47 

Larden, in Shropshire 72 

Launton, in Oxlord>hire .... 47 
Lavendon. in Buckinghamshire . . 47 
Lavers, James and Elizabeth, nie 

Gresley, and their family . . . 143 

— M. G 142, I43 

Lawley, Elizabeth 236 

Leamington . . . . 112,116,120 
Le Blanc, Turstin fitz-RolIo ...11 
Ledet, Christiana, see Grelly, Chris- 
tiana de. 

Lee or Lees, family. Pedigree . . 265 
Lee, Mrs. — 105 « 

— Elizabeth, see Gresley, Elizabeth. 

— Frances Topp 2S5 

— Richard de la Ij.i 

Leeshill 74, 75, 200 



Leeson, Cecilia, see Gresley, Cecilia. 

— Ralph 249 

Leicester 109,147,211 

Leicestershire Archaeological Society 123 

Leigh, family. Pedigree .... 266 

— Augusta Catherine, see Gresley, 

Augusta Catherine. 

— Margaret I.'i6 

— Ralph 249 

— Thomas 249 

Leland, John, his account of Drake- 

lowe and Colton 66 

Lemon, Dennis and Anne, nee Gres- 
ley 139 

Le Strange, Hamon 39 

Leuric 184, 186 

Leventhorp, Mary Anne, nee Gres- 
ley 233 

Leveriz, Walter 37 

Leveson, Elizabeth 236 

Levett, family, Pedigree .... 267 

— Thomas and Wilmot Maria, n^e 

Gresley 120 

— Wilmot Maria, nje Gresley, d. 

1845, Portrait 168 

Lewis, David and Laura, nie Gres- 
ley 146 

Leyboume, Thomas and Alice de . 14 

Leyre, William de 189 

Lichfield . . 45, 82, icj-6, 112-3, 115, 
117-8, 120, 122, 124-1;, 
130-1, 150-2, 154-6, 
i«5, 211. 

— Gresleys in the Gild of St. Mary . 59, 

61, 177 
Lighten, Sarah, see Gresley, Sarah. 

LilleshuU 154 

Lilly, John, the astrologer . . . . S2 

Limesay (Lindsay), Hugh de . . . 5 
Lindsay, see Limesay. 

— Elizabeth 263 

Linton . 25, 37. 40, 43, 64, 75-6, 132, 

172, 184, 186, 188, 200 

— Inquisition about rights there, 

A.D. 1330 192 

Liolf 1S6 

Lipscomb, Mary, see Gresley, Mary. 

Lire abbey 7 

Lisbon, pointers from the Royal 

kennels 115 

Liverpool .... 108, 131, 147, 157 

Lloyd, Rev. G. W 106 

Lockesley, Little 45 

London, Gresley family there in the 

17th cent 211 

— Blackfriars 103 

— Christ Church, Battersea . . .124 

— Christ's Hospital, William Toplis 

Gresley there in about 1820 . 147 

— Fulham 116 

— Gray's Inn, Edward Gresley ad- 

mitted there in 1550 .... 66 



Index 



325 



London, Great Cumberland Place, 13^, iftS 

— Hertford St 109 

— Inner Temple, Sir Will. Gresley 

therein 1505-17 64 

Sir Geo. Gresley there in 1598 80 

Lee Gresley there in 1726 . . 103 

Henry Scott Gresley there in 

1S66 152 

— Lambeth 144 

— Lime St 71 

— Lincoln's Inn, Richard Gresley 

there in 17S8 115 

— Middle Temple, William Gres- 

ley there in 17S3 121 

Richard Gresley there in 1791 115 

Rich. Newcombe Gresley there, 

1829 14S 

— Portland Place 137 

— St. Bennet's, Paul's Wharf. . .155 

— St. Clement's in the Strand . .117 

— St. Dionis iiackchurch . . . .156 

— St. Dunstan's 68 

— St. George's, Hanover Square, 128, 146 

— St. Giles's in the Fields. . . . 233 

— St. James's, Piccadilly . . 120,148 

— St. Margaret's, Westminster . . 133 

— St. Martin's in the Fields . . .116 

— St. Mary Magdalen, Bermondsey 156 
in Old Fish St 72 

— St. Paul's, Shadwell 156 

— Sardinian Chapel 14S 

— Somerset House 144 n 

— Strand 143 

— Temple, Sir George Gresley buried 

in the church, lOf ^ .... 83 

— Trinity church 13 

— Westminster, St. Anne's parish 

mentioned 94 

— Westminster School, Henry Gres- 

ley there (17th cent.) .... 136 

Will. Gresley there in 1811 . 149 

Rich. Newcombe Gresley there, 

1S15 148 

William Nigel Gresley there in 

1S17 129 

Francis Gresley there in 181S 152 

Account of the Coronation of 

George IV by a Westminster boy 

(R. N. Gresley), 182 1 . . . 157 
Andrew R. Gresley there in 

1826 149 

Londonderry, Marchioness of, n^e 

Vane-Tempest, d. 1865 . . .167 
Longchamp, Margery or Alicia de, 

see Gielly, Margaret and Alicia. 
Longdon 68 

— Simon de, Canon of Gresley . . 1 76 
Longford, see Bubendon. 

Longford 187 

— family ... 2 1 

Pedigree 279 

— Anue Gi, 270 



Longford, Elizabeth 249 

— Helen de 237 

-Joanna 271 

Longueville, Sir John 262 

Loughborough 115,122 

Low, Ann or Llinor 250 

Lowe, family, of Alderwasley . . . 144 

— Clement 2S2 

— Patrick 261 

LoxhiU 200 

Loxley 71. 74. "5> 200 

Loynton 17 

Lucy, Anne 236 

— Elizabeth 291 

Lulhngton . .28, 32, 34, 37, 39, 40-3, 

47-8,64, 67, 90-1, 130, 
172, 176-7, 186, 200, 232 

— value of the manor in 1573 . 75,cf. 76 

— Inquisition about rights there, 

A.D. 1330 190 

Lupus, Robertus 210 

Luttreil, Simon, Lord Imham, afterw. 

Earl of Carhampton, d. 1787 . 114 

Lygon, Lady Emma Susanna . . . 246 

Lyne, Joanna, uie Giesley .... 13S 
Lyng, Ralph, Canon of Gresley . .177 

Mabb, Isabel Herbert, see Gresley, 

Isabel Herbert. 
McAdam, John Loudon and Mari- 
anne, KtV Hellicar 140 

Macclesfield 91 

Macdonald, Flora . . 110,164,167 
McDougal, Thomas Sinclair and 

Sarah A. L., tiie Gresley . . .144 

McGhee. Rev. R. J 151 

McGowan, George and Rose E., tic'e 

Gresley I53 

Macnamara, Ann, see Gresley, Ann. 

Madan, family, Pedigree .... 268 

— Rev. Spencer and Louisa Eliza- 

beth, «^£ Gresley 122 

Madrid, see Spain. 

Malahulcius, uncle of Duke Rollo . 2-3 

Mala Terra, Galfridus de, abbot of 

Burton 22 

Manchester 209 

— Sir N. B. Gresley at the Grammar 

School, about 1770 .... 117 

— Chetham's Library 213 

— Barons of, see Grelly family. 

Manila "... 145 

Mantfeld, Eleanor 56 

Manwaring, Philip 79 

M.aple Hayes 131 

Marchington 45 

Markham, Sir John 2S2 

Markland, Arms in the church . . 14 

Marlborough 144-5 

— Dukes of, see Spencer-Churchill. 

Marmion, Henry 252 

Marsh, Mary, sec Gresley, Mary. 



326 



Index 



Marsh, John and Amelia, tu'e Gresley 1 39 

Marston 45 

Mary Queen of Scots .... 69-70 

Mascazzini, Giuditta 149 

Mason, Elizabeth 211 

Masscy, Margaret, &c., see Gresley, 

Margaret, ni!e Norwood. 
Mathews, Edward and Anne, tm'e 

Gresley 95, 241 

Matlock 14" 

Matthews, — 263 

Maurice of Nassau, Prince, d. 1625 . 167 

Mavesyn Ridware 56, 201 

Measham ii.s 

Mcgginch Castle n6 

' Meliore fide quam fortuna,' the 

Gresley motto iv, 207 

Mellis, — , «A' Gresley 1.^7 

Melton Mowbray 14.^ 

Merevale Abbey 26,154 

Meriden Hall . . . 116,148-9,152 
Merston, Sir John and Rose ... 60 

Messer, Ralph le 40 

Methley, near Leeds 157 

Meynell, family 172,178 

Milan 148 

Milboume St. Andrew 123 

Milton, Rev. William and Mary, wt't; 

Gresley 13S 

Milverton 67 

Milward, family. Pedigree . . . 2O9 

— Mary, see Bowyer, Mary Lady. 

— Robert 249 

and Dorothy, Kt'e Gresley, 242, 296 

and Elizabeth, m'e Gresley . 84 

Miners, Henry, son of John le . . 45 

— John de 44 

Mireveldt, Michel J 167 

Modwenna, patron saint of Burton 

Abbey 22 

Mogge, Robert, Prior of Gresley . 177 

Monaco, Prince of 167 

Mongewell 154 

Monmouth, Thomas of 209 

Montford, family. Pedigree . . . 270 

— Simon, Joyce and Anne ... 61 

— Thomas and Elizabeth, tu'e 

Gresley 60 

Montfort, Simon de 39 

— Sir Simon and Anne de .... 60 
Montfort I'Amauri, Simon de . . . 11 
Montgomery, family, Pedigree . . 271 

— Anna de 2S4 

— Dorothy 258 

— Ellen 2S9 

— Sir John and Lady Elizabeth, «t'f 

Gresley, &c 63 

— Matilda 245 

— Sir Nicholas and Matilda ... 65 

— Sir Walter and Dame Johanna de, 

nie Stafford 43 

— Sir William and Dame Philippade 43-5 



Monthermer, Ralph de. Earl of 

Gloucester 42 

Montmorency, Duchess of ... . 1O7 

Moolte, Maud, see Stafford, Maud de. 

Moore, Sir John, Lord Mayor of 

London in 1681-2 . . . .93,102 

— Rebecca 104 

More, family, Pedigree 272 

— Joan, see Gresley, Joan. 

Moieton, Elizabeth 255 

Morewood, family. Pedigree . . . 273 

— Frances, dan. of Gilbert, see 

Gresley, Frances, Lady. 

— Gilbert 83 

— Rowland 93 

Morrison, Mary 260 

Mortemer, battle of 9 

Morton in Colwich, Staffordshire . 29, 

39-40, 43, 47, 64, 185, 201 

— value of the manor in 1573 . . 75 

— in Gnosall 186, 201 

— in Leicestershire 64 

Moseley, Anne . • 298 

Mosely, Catherine 291 

Mosley, near Ashton-under-Lyme . 108 
Mountjoy, Lord, see Blount, Sir 

Walter. 
Monntnorris, Lord, see Annesley, Sir 

Francis, d. i66o. 
Mount Sorrel, in Leicestershire . .211 

Mousley, — , solicitor 1 26 

Mugeston, Elizabeth 264 

Mulsho, family. Pedigree .... 274 

— Margaret, dan. of John, see Gres- 

ley, Margaret. 

Murray, Jane 242 

Muscamp, Isabella or Agnes . . .210 
Myers, Miss — 291 

Nanney, Lowry 300 

Nantwich 147 

Naunton Beauchamp 137 

Needham, Robert 236 

Nelson, Jane, dan. of Thomas, see 

Gresley, Jane. 
Nether Seile, see Seile. 

Nethersole, Sir Francis 86 

Nettebreyder, Thomas, butler at 

Drakelowe 49 

Neuburgh, Robert de 12 

Ncveis, William, Count of . . . n 
Nevill, Catherine, Lady Haiington . 262 

Newark 82 

Newbery, John, of London . . . 103 

Newbold Revell 46 

Newby Abbey, in Lincolnshire . . =,f) 
Newcastle, CO. Limerick, Ireland . . 140 

— Upper Canal 1 10 

New Hall 5°. 67, 7^ 

Newington 201 

Newland, in Staffordshire . 74, 75, 197 
Newport P.ignel 123 



hidcx 



327 



New South Wales 

Newton 

— Dr. Richard, Principal of Hert- 

ford College, Oxford .... 

— Longuevillc 

— Tony, in Wilts 

New York 

Nicholas, St 

— Sheriff of Staffordshire, A. D. 

10S7 27, 

Nocton, Gilbert de 

Nogent, ElizabethdeBroyes,Dame de 

Norfolk, William de 

Normandy, early settlements of the 

Northmen 

— Dukes of, their succession to 

William the Conqueror . . . 

— Richard III, Duke of, d. 1028, 

charter by him 

Normanton super le Hethe . . . 
Norreys, Anne 

— Sir John, d. 1597 . . . . 164, 

Norris, Heniy 

Northbury 

Northmancote 

Northvvich 

Norton in Hales, Shropshire . . . 

— St. Philip's 

— by Twycross . 19, 39-40, 43-4, 

1S6, 1S9, 
Norton, Cecilia de, see Roucester, 
Cecilia de. 

— Sir Dudley 77 

— Nicholas de 

— Roger de 31, 

Norwich 

— Sir John 

Norwood, South 

— Margaret, dau. of John, see Gres- 

ley, Margaret. 

Nottingham 82, 147, 

Novel, Elizabeth 



Oakeley, in Shropshire, Bishop's 

Castle near Oakeley . . . 101-2 

— family 102 

Pedigree 291 

— Williarn and Barbara, nic Walcot 102 
Oakthorp (.Achetorp) . . 40, 64, 172, 

184, 2or 
Oborne, Sarah, see Gresley, Sarah. 

Odiliam 145 

O'Donnell, Anna, Countess of Tyr- 

connell 7^ 

Okely, John, last Prior of Gresley . 177 

Okeover, Philip 249 

Okethorp, see Oakthorp. 

Oky, John, of Linton 154 

Oldcote, in Nottinghamshire . . .211 

Oldershaw, James 286 

Oldfield, Leftwich .... 242, 300 
Orkney, Sigurd first Earl of . . . 2 



Orm le Gulden, or Guidon . . 27,198 

Orme, son of Ailward 209 

Orton-on-the-Hill 116 

Osgathorp .... 51, 63-4, 154, 201 

Osmund, Bishop 184 

Ottley. family. Pedigree . . . .291 

— Adam and Bridget, nie Gresley . 102 
Ouche ;Uticum), Abbey of St. tvroul 

there 10, 12 

Over, Little 91 

Over Seile, see Seile. 

Oxford, John Gresley, Principal of 

White and Pery Halls, 1506-9 . 62 

— All Souls College, Charles Gres- 

ley there in 1711 139 

— Balliol College, Henry Gresley 

there in 1594 72 

Sir Geo. Gresley there in 1594 80 

— — Sir Thomas Gresley there, 

1716 104 

• Sir Thomas Gresley there in 

17.^9 '09 

— Bodleian Library, ref. to a Gresley 

signature in a Digby MS. . . 72 

— Broadgates Hall, Charles Gresley 

therein 1577 231 

— Christ Church, Henry Gresley 

there (T7th cent.) 136 

Thomas Gresley there in 17S0 . 1 1., 

RichardGresley therein 1785 . 115 

— — Sir Roger Gresley there, 1817 . 124 
— ■ — Will. Gresley there in 1S19 .149 
Rich. Newcombe Gresley 

there, 1822 148 

Sir VV. N. Gresley there, 1824. . 130 

Henry Scott Gresley there in 

1858 151 

Nigel Scott Gresley there in 

1S61 153 

— Exeter College, J. M. Gresley 

there in 1835 123 

N. W. Gresley there in 1869 . 123 

• L. S. Gresley there in 1875 . 123 

— Gloucester Hall, William Gresley 

there in 1603 73 

— Hertford College, Thomas Gres- 

ley there in 175 1 113 

— Magdalen Hall, Francis Gresley 

there in 1691 136 

— Merton College, Hastings Gres- 

ley there in I5S1 68 

Charles Gresley there in 1585 . 232 

— St. Edward's School 123 

— St. Mary Hall, Sir R. Gresley 

there, 1S29 130 

J. M. Gresley there in 1840 . 123 

— St. Peter-le-Bailey, Henry Giesley, 

Rector, 1743 137 

— Trinity College, Thomas Gresley 

there in 1619 89 

Sir Will. Gresley enters there 

in 1681 100 



328 



Index 



Oxford, Trinity College, Sir Will. 
Gresley presents two silver cups, 

1682 100 

Robt. Gresley there in 17 14 .139 

Charles Gresley there in 1718 . 139 

Lee Gresley there in 1724-6 . 103 

Rev. Elinman Gresley there in 

17.^2 138 

— University College, William Gres- 

ley there in 1 781 121 

N. E. Gresley there, 1879 . .124 

— Wadham College, Henry Greeley 

there, 1732 137 

Packington 120 

Packington, Anne 254 

Paget family, Lords P.iget . . . 75, 92 

— Rev. F. E 1 50 

— Thomas, Lord Paget. The hang- 

ings of his house used for Mary 
Queen of Scots in 1583 ... 70 

Paris 126, 149 

Paris,Matthew,thechronicler, 154,1 79, 209 
Parker, Hon. Elizabeth ...'.. 239 
Parliament, Members of: — 

— Derbyshire, Sir Geoffrey de Gres- 

ley, 1300-1 40 

Sir Robert de Gresley of 

Edingale, 1340 45 

Sir Thomas de Gresley, I400, 

1405, I4I4, 1417 52 

Sir John Gresley, 1422 . . . 54 

1460 59 

South, Sir R. Gresley, 1 83.S . 125 

Sir Thomas Gresley, 1868 . 132 

— Durham, Sir R. Gresley, 1830 . 125 

— Lichfield, Sir The. Gresley, 17.S3 . 109 

— Newcastle under Lyme, Sir 

George Gresley, 1628 .... 81 

— New Romney,SirR. Gresley, 1831 125 

— Nottingham, William de Gresley, 

i.^^3, 1397 5° 

— Staffordshire, Sir Geoffrey de 

Gresley, 1324 47 

Sir John de Gresley, 1372 . . 48 

Sir Thomas de Gresley, 1413, 

1419 53 

Sir John Gresley, 1450, 1453 . 57 

Sir Thomas Gresley, 1477 • • ^i 

Paston, Henry, son of Sir Thomas . 71 

— Mary, see Gresley, Mary, Lady, 

«tfe Southwell. 

— Sir Thomas 277 

Patrington, in Yorkshire . . . .146 

PatshnU j3 

Payne-Gallwey, Capt. Edwin J., see 

Gallwey, Capt. Edwin J. Payne. 

Paynell, — 282 

Peachey, Nicholas 248 

Peak of Derbyshire, Geoffrey de 
Gresley, Governor of the Peak 
or Peak Castle 35 



Peak of Derbyshire, hunting in the 

Forest 45 

Sir Thomas de Gresley, Master 

F'oresterof High Peak, abt. 1400 52 
Pearson, Cassandra, see Gresley, 

Cassandra. 
Pease, Anne, see Gresley, Anne. 
Pecche, Ralph, Hawisia and Nicholas 29 

Peckham, near London 144 

Pegge, Dr. Samuel . . . . 213,219 

Pelham, Sir Thomas 73 

Pembridge, Anne ij6 

Pendrill,' Ella lio 

Penkridge, in Staffordshire .... 232 
Penn, — , see Gresley, — . 

— J. L. and Catherine, n^e Gresley . 144 

Pentric 1S3 

Perpunt, Mabilia de 27 

Pershore 137 

Peshall, Adam, Joan, Nicholas, and 

Sir Richard jo 

— Sir Hamon and Dame Thomasine 

de 51 

Peto, Eleanor, Joan, John, Katherine 

and William 56 

Petyt, Nicholas 248 

Peuvre or Peover, family .... 48 
Peverel, William 19 

— Honour of 189 

Phillimore, Mary, see Gresley, Mary. 
Phillips, — , see Gresley, — . 

— Elizabeth 264 

Picot 1S5 

Pictaviensis, Rogerus, see Poitevin, 

Roger the. 

Pierpoint, Isabel 261 

Pipe Ridware 91 

Pirinton, in Oxfordshire ij;4 

Pitches, Peggy 246 

Pitchford (Pyeheford) 102 

— John de 45 {bis) 

Plantagenet, George, brother of 

Edward iv, Duke of Clarence, 

d. 1477 Co 

— Henry, Duke of Lancaster, d. 

iS'ii 45. 48. 49 

Pledwick, in Yorkshire 105 

Plymouth 141 

Poitevin, Roger the . . . .21,32,33 

Pole, — 243 

Polesworth 36, 115 

' Polyxena ' 1 1 1 

Port, Barbara 256 

— Sir John, founder of Repton 

School 271 

— Rowland 242 

Portsea 17S 

Portsmouth, Duchess of, d. 1734 . . 167 

Powtrell, John 2S2 

Preston, in Lancashire 153 

Price, — , schoolmaster at Lichfield 

and Birmingham 115 



Index 



329 



Price, Jane L. W 278 

— Robert 250 

Prinsep, Frances 267 

Proby, Rev. Baptist John and Mary 
Susanna, nie Gresley, and their 

family I13 

Puckering, — 84 

— Dorothy 254 

— Sir George, letter to him from Sir 

G. Gresley, Jan. 23, 164I . . 86 

— Sir Thomas, news letters to him 

from Sir G. Gresley, 1629-34 . 81 
Puys, Henry, of Rugeley . . . .155 
Pybus, R. and Sarah, nie Gresley . 145 
Pycheford, John de, see Pitchford, 

John de. 
Pycroft, Elizabeth 130 

— Elizabeth, n^e W\\\ies,see Gresley, 

Elizabeth. 

Quadring family 209 

' Quod desit, dolet ' 166 

Radley School 124 

Ragnhilda, see Hilda. 

Ralph fitz-Hubert 186-7 

— the Little (Parvus) 190 

Rapendun, see Repton. 

Ravenstone (Raunston) . . 30, iiS, 129, 

1S4, 201 

Ray, John, Canon of Gresley . . .176 

Redhill, Frances 273 

Redish, Alexander 249 

Reginald, the Canon 176 

— tirst Prior of Gresley . . . 25,175 
Reid, family. Pedigree 291 

— Georgina Ann, see Gresley, Geor- 

gina Ann, Lady. 

Remington, — 78 

Repton (Rapendun) . 93, 123, 183, 201 

— deanery. The seal mentioned, 

1394 49 

Reresby, Mary 261 

Revell, family 46 

— Elena, dau. of John, see Gresley, 

Elena de. 
Reynolds, Mrs., vifife of the Bishop . 167 

— Bp. Edward, d. 1676 .... 167 

— Hannah 290 

— Sir Joshua 166, 16S 

Rich, Lady, Portraits 167 

— Sir Thomas 273 

Richard iii, King, his coronation, 

1483 60 

— theForester(RichardChenvin~) . . 20, 
'1S5, 1S7 

— Prior of Gresley .... 176, 178 
Ridware, Mavesyn, see Mavesyn Ridware. 
— , Pipe, sec Pipe Ridware .... 

— Chartnlary 216 

Robben Island 123 

Robert, Prior of Gresley . . . .176 



Robert, son of William theConqueror 11 

— fitz-Ralph 1S9 

Robeson, Theresa M. E 268 

Robinson, George and Christian, fu'e 

Gresley 155 

Roby, — 296 

— Robert and Grace, wA" Gresley . 94 
Rodes, Elizabeth, dau. of SirGodfrey, 

see Wentworth, Elizabeth. 
Roger, killed A. D. 1271-2 . . . 154 

Rognvald, Jarl 2 

RoUesley, Richard 249 

Rolleston 155 

— Anne 249 

— Thomas de 2S0 

RoUo, Duke of Normnndy (Rou, 

Hrolf, Gongu-Hrolf) .... 2-3 

Roman de Roit, quoted 10 

Rosliston 68, 83, 201 

— in Derbyshire, value of the manor 

in 1573 75. cf- 76 

Ross, Dr. — 145 

— William and Eustachia de, nie 

Greasley 211 

Rossall School 131 

Rou, see RoUo. 

Roucester 37,40,154,176 

— Ralph and Cecilia de, nie de 

Norton 31 

Rouloir, stream S 

Rownall 211 

Rowtor, see Birchover. 

Rnding, Martha 264 

Rugby 132 

— Tlaomas Gresley at School there, 

17S0 io5 

Rugeley 49, 202 

Rnggeley, Joyce 61,270 

Russell,— 121 

-J-E 150 

— Mary 113 

Ruthin 63 

.Sacheverell, Henry 271 

— James 249 

— fane 256 

Sad'ler, Gertrnde 236 

— .Sir Ralph 70 

Sahara Tony, in Norfolk .... 15 
St. Alban's 19 

— the battle of, 1455 58 

St. Amand, Almeric de lyo 

St. Decnman's («<; ato Barton) . . 13S 
St. John, John de 14 

— Mary Anne 288 

St. Liz, Maud de, dau. of the Earl 

of Huntingdon '5; '9 

St. Omer, William and Petronilla de 13 

St. Sauveur, Nigel de 5, 6 

Salisbury (New Sarum) . . . 123,139 

— Countess of, d. 171 3 167 

Salmon, Frances 273 



33° 



Index 



Saltash 6,^ 

Salwarp 137 

Sampson, William, his Virtus post 

fiinera (1636) quoted .... 90 
Sanchia, Spanisti Christian name. 

Note on it 54 

Sancto Ivone, William de, Prior of 

Gresley 177 

Sandby, Paul 163 

Sandlord, Marianna 263 

Sandy Bay, near Hobart, Tasmania . I45 
Sandybrook, near Ashbourne . 107, loS 

Sardinia 73 

Saram, New, see Salisbury. 

Savage, Christopher 2S1 

— Sir John and Lady Alice ... 65 
Saville, — , Vicar Choral of Lichfield 

Cathedral, d. 1803 118 

Saward, Henry Fitz- 175 

Saybome (?), William, Prior of 

Gresley I77 

Sbem 1S4 

Scadbury, in Staffordshire .... 71 

Scarborough 120 

Scarsdale, Lord, see Curzon, Rev. 

A. N. H. 

Schareschulfe 155 

Scopestone, see Swepstone. 

Scotland 40,45,59 

Scotney 61 

Scotsley 185,202 

Scott, Anne Wright, see Gresley, 

Anne Wright. 

Scrope, Elizabeth 245 

.Seals, Gresley seals in general . . 205 

— Geoffrey de Gresley's seal (13th 

cent.) 36 

— Sir Geoffrey de Gresley's seal 

(13th cent.) 41 

— Ralph de Gresley's seal (13th 

cent.) 32 

— William de Gresley's seal (A) 

(I3th cent.) 32 

(B) 37 

— Sir Geoffrey de Gresley's seal 

(14th cent.) 47 

— Sir John de Gresley's seal (14th 

cent.) 49 

— Dame Margaret de Gresley's seal 

(14th cent.) 47 

— Sir Robert de Gresley of Edin- 

gale's seal (14th cent.) ... 45 

— Sir Thomas de Gresley's seal 

(i^thcent.) 53 

— Sir William Gresley's seal, 1510. 65 
Seaton Ross, in Yorkshire . . 64, 202 

Segrave, Gilbert de i^-S 

Scile, Nether and Over . 40, 44 (Whete- 

londes heath), 45, 57, S3, 
92, <j4-5, 98-9, 103-6, 
111,1 13-7. 121-4, '^9" 
31, 172, 202 



Seile, Nether and Over, value of the 
manor in 1573 75, cf. 76 

— Pointers 115 

Seile, Ralph de, deed by him, abt. 

1166 25 

— William de. Prior of Gresley . .176 

Selleck, Rev. Nathaniel 264 

Selman, Margaret, dau. of William . 64, 

255 

Selston 210 

Senault, J. F 136 

Senegal 104 

Senlac, Battle of 10 

Severn Stoke 136,288 

• — Croome Court 125 

Seveme, Florence, poem by her on 

the Gresley Motto iv 

Seward, Anna .... 112,118,121 

— letter from her, 1 794 .... 165 
Seymour, John 178 

— Sir Robert 73 

Sh., W., verses by him (Shakes- 
peare?) 73 

Sharpe, Jane, see Gresley, Jane. 
Sharrat, Hugh and Mary, nie 

Gresley 156 

Shaw, Stebbing. Sir N. B. Gresley's 
contributions to Shaw's Stafford- 
shire 119 

Shawe, Henry Cunliffe and Georgina 
Wilmot, tiie Gresley, and their 

family 131 

Shayle 41 

Sheepy Magna 114,116 

Sheffield 69 

Shcnstone 114 

Sherard, Sir Philip 261 

Sherborne, in Dorset 73 

Sheriffs of the Gresley family :— 

— Derbyshire (and Nottingham- 

shire), Sir John de Gresley, 

i.?.=;8, 1372 48 

Sir Thomas de Gresley, 1426 52 

• Sir John Gresley, 1453 . . . 57 

— ■ Derbyshire, Sir Thomas Gresley, 

1591, 1603 71 

Sir William Gresley, 1704. . loi 

— — Sir Thomas Gresley, 1750 . . 109 

.Sir N. B. Gresley, 17S0 . .117 

Sir Roger Gresley, 1826 . . 125 

— Leicestershire, Thomas Gresley, 

1712 l°3 

— Staffordshire, Sir Thomas de Gres- 

ley, I399> H22> 1439 • • ■ ■ 52 
.Sir Thomas Gresley, 14S9, 

1497 6r, 62 

Sir George Gresley, 1537, 

I.M4 66 

Sir William Gresley. 1561 . . 68 

Sir Thomas Gresley, 15S3 . . 69 

.Sherrington, near Newport Pagnell . 141 
Shipley, in Derbyshire 132 



Index 



331 



Shirley, Francis 

— Ralph 

Shoreham, New 

Shrewsbury 

Shrigley, Dorothy 

Sidney, Sir Philip 

Simpson, \V. and Mary Ann, ne'e 

Gresley 

Sims, Richard 213, 

Sivardingescotes, see Swadlincote. 

Siward 1S2 

SIcefiington, family gi 

Pedigree 243 

— Hester 242 

Slough loS 

Smalley, Eliza 272 

Smidesbi, see Smisby. 

Smisby (Smidesbi) .... 184, 202 
Smith, Daniel and Anne, kA- White . 141 

— Eliza Ellen, see Gresley, Eliza 

Ellen. 

— J. R 168 

— John, Prior of Gresley . . . .177 

— Mary, see Gresley, Mary. 

Snareston 202 

Snelston 63 

Siiitterfield 72 

Solihull 117 

Somerset, family, Pedigree . . . 275 

— Charles and Elizabeth, iit'e Gresley 67 
Somervile, family. Pedigree . . .276 

— Margery de, see Gresley, Mar- 

gery de. 

— Roger and Maud de 36 

Southwell 131 

— family. Pedigree 277 

— Mary, dau. of Sir Richard, see 

Gresley, Mary, Lady. 

Spain 6, 10, 73, 115 

Spaldingmore 202 

Spence, Elizabeth 2S2 

Spencer, Lady E 167 

— Mary 236 

— Robert and Juliana le (Dis- 

pensarius : t3th-i4th centt.) 2S-9 
Spencer-Churchill, family, Dukes of 

Marlborough, Pedigree . . .278 

— the Lady Frances Louisa, see 

Gresley, Lady Frances Louisa. 

Spurs, IJattle of, 1513 64 

Stafford, town 17,6^,82 

— family, Dukes of Buckingham, 

their badge of the White Swan . 14 

Earls of Stafford . . 17,74,179 

Pedigrees 279-80 

— Alice de, nde Fitz-Gilbert ... 16 

— Avice de 17 

— Humphrey, Duke of Buckingham, 

award by him, 1455 .... 57 

— Johanna de, see Gresley, Johanna 

de. 

— Matilda de 2S1 



Stafford, Maud de, tu'e Moolte . 17, 279 

— Millicent de 17 

— Neel de (12th cent.), witness to 

a deed 20 

— Nicholas de (A) 17 

(B) 17 

— Nigel de, d. abt. 1115? . .17,25,28, 

33, 183-6, 279 

account of him (once called 

Nigel de Gresley, once Nigel de 
Thorp) 1S-21 

— Robert de (R. de Toeni), d. abt. 

10S8-9, account of him . . i6-t8 

d. abt. 1 176 . . . 17,27,189 

d. abt. 1193 17 

— Sir William 299 

Stamford 209 

Standish, Elizabeth de 299 

Stane 25 

Stanhope, Sir Philip 80 

— Richard 282 

Stanley, family. Pedigree .... 281 

— Anne, see Gresley, Anne. 

— Anne 29S 

— Sir John £9, 2S9 

• — Maud 254 

Stapenhill . 21-2, 63, 76, 94, 183, 19S, 

202 
Stapleford, in Nottinghamshire . .156 
Staunton, in Worcestershire ... 68 
' Stemmata Gresleiana ' . . . . 217-1S 
Stewart, Arthur 268 

— Catherine 26S 

— Capt. J., of Alltyrodyn. Gres- 

ley papers in his possession . . 93 

— Hon. James H. Keith .... 26S 

Stisted, Colonel — 263 

Stoke (see also Severn Stoke) . . . 15.5 
.Stokenham, in Devonshire .... 143 
Stone priory, in Staffordshire ...17 
Stowe, near Lichfield . . . 116, ijo 
Strafford, Earl of, d. 1641, see Went- 

worth, Sir Thomas. 
Stratford Tony, in Wilts .... 15 
Stratheam, Malice, Earl of, his 

daughter Matilda 13 

Stratton, Wilhelniina Sarah . 124,266 
Strelley, family, Pedigree . . . . 2S2 

— Sir Nicholas and Lady Ellen, tide 

Gresley 62, 63 

Strensham I.s6, I37 

Stretton, Mary de, prioress of Grace 

Dieu 36 

— en le Field 115 

Strutt, Major Charles and Madeline, 

vJe Gresley 146 

Stukelev, family. Pedigree .... 288 

— Elizabeth 274 

— Dr. William, the antiquary . .123 
Suggenhall, Robert and I'etronilla 



de 



Suli 



1, .Sir Richard Joseph 



332 



Index 



Surman, Elizabeth, see Gresley, 

Elizabeth. 
Sussex, Duke of, see Augustus 

Frederick, Prince. 
Sutton, near Woodbridge . . . .115 

— family, Lords Dudley, Pedigree . 283 

— Dorothy, dau. of Lord Dudley . 299 

— John, Lord Dudley 167 

— Katherine, dau. of John Sutton, 

Lord Dudley, see Gresley, Lady 
Katherine. 

Sutton Coldfield 60 

Four Oaks, in that parish, 113, 114, 

117 
Swadlincote (Sivardingescotes) . 40, 43, 
64, 173, 176, 183, 202 
Swan, mention of the Swan badge 

(i^e o/jo Knight of the Swan) . 14 

— John and Mary 94 

Swannington .... 186, iSg, 202 
Swepstone (Scopestone) . . . 184,203 

Swineshead abbey 208 

Svvinnerton, fanaily, see Swynnerton, 

family. 

Swithamley 91 

Switzerland 115 

Swynnerton 43 

— family, Pedigree 2 84 

— Alice de, see Gresley, Alice de. 

— Henry 258 

— Sir John de 43; 271 

— Roger de 48-9 

Take, Elizabeth, see Toke, Eliza- 
beth. 
Talbot, Anne 289 

— John 239 

— Sir John and Lady Frances . . 63 
Tamahore, see Tamhom. 

Tamhom (Tamahore) . . 29, 1S5, 203 

— or Timhom, Isabel de,Ji'i5 Gresley, 

Isabel de. 
Tamworth . 41, 62, 106, loS, 114, 116 
Tarent Hinton, in Dorset .... 137 

Tasmania 145 

Tatenhill, in Staffordshire .... 95 
Tatlock, Paul and Amelia, n^e 

Gresley 140 

Tattershall, Anne 262 

Tatton, in Cheshire 55 

Taunton 123 

Tawke, Alice 65 

Taylor, M. A 125 

— Silas 251 

Tegulense, Castrum, see Tillieres. 

Terrell, William 23S 

Testa de Neville, extracts from it . iSS 

Tew, Great 124 

Thicknesse, Governor Philip . . .111 
Thingdon, or Finden, in North- 
amptonshire 66 

Thirlby 203 



Thohins, see Toeni. 

Tholosano, Baroness Esilda . . .149 
Thomas, Prior of Gresley . . . .177 
Thomas Crenville, E. I. C. ship . 152 

Thompson, Hannah 290 

Thoneio, Berengarius de, see Todeni, 
Berengar de. 

Thoresby 115, :2i 

Thorley, Esther 144 

Thorabury, Sir Johii and Joan . . 56 
Thorp, family. Pedigree 285 

— Mary, i^« Gresley, Mary. 

— (Torp), Nigel de, see Stafford, 

Nigel de. 
Thorp Constantine (Torp) . . . 91,94, 
1 86, 203 

Thringstone 211 

Throgmorton, Ursula . . . 258, 271 
Thnrmaston, near Leicester ... 27 
Thursfield (Turvoldesfeld) . . 185, 203 
Thynne, Arthur, son of Lord John 

ThjTine 152 

Ticknall 68, 183, 203 

Tillieres (Castrum Tegulense) . . 5-6 
Timhora, Isabel de, see Tamhorn, 

Isabel de. 

Tinmor, William de 280 

Tixall 60, 68, 91 

Todeni, family, of Belvoir, account 

ol it 15 

— Adela, Agnes, Berengar, Geoffrey, 

Robert de -15 

Toeni, eponymous village of the 
Toenis, see Tosny. 

— family, see also Todeni family. 
(Thohins, Thoeini, &c.),' the 

family and its settlement in 

England 1-15. 218 

Pedigree 223 

their arms 14 

— Adelina (Adeliza) de . . . . 7 

— Alice de, b. abt. 1 283, afterw. 

Dame de Leyboume, Countess 
of Warwick, and i)ame La 

Zouche 13. 14, 235 

«c'e de Bohun 1 3, 1 4 

— Baldwin de, son of Roger iii de 

Toeni 13 

— Clarissa de 13 

— Constance de, ?;tV Beaumont . . 13 

— Elinantius (Helmant, Alinanz) de, 

d. abt. 1040 6-7 

— Elizabeth (Isabella) de, wife of 

Ralph ii de Toeni 1 1 

— Geoffrey de, son of Roger iii de 

Toeni 13 

— Gertrude (Ida) de 13 

— Goda, dau. of Robert de, see 

Ferrers, Goda de. 

— Godehildis de, daughter of Ray- 

mund, Count of Barcelona . . 6-7 
dau. of Ralph ii. de Toeni . 12,14 



Index 



333 



Toeni, Helbertus (Hebert, Herberz) 

de, d. abt. 1040 6-7 

— Hugh de 13 

— Isabella de (A) 13 

(B) 13 

— Judith (Adeliza, Alicia) de . . 13 

— Margaret de, dau. of Ralph iii de 

Toeni 13 

n^e Beaumont 13 

— Matilda de, dau. of the Earl of 

Stratheam 13 

— Petronilla de, He't; de Lacy . . . 13 

— Ralph i de, fl. 1000 . . . . 3, 5, S 

— Ralph fitz Ralph de (occ. 102S) . 5 

■ ii de, senex, d. 1105 .... 9 

iii de, juvenis, d. 1125 ? . . 12 

de, son of Ralph iii de Toeni . 13 

iv de 13 

vde, d. l294ori295 ... 13 

— Richard de, son of Ralph iv de 

Toeni 13 

— Robert de, d. abt. 1088-9, ^<:^ 

Stafford, Robert de. 

Baron de Tony, d. 1310, 

account of him 13 

— Roger i de, d. abt. 1040 . 2-3,5-6, 

11 de, d. 1093 12 

iiide, d. 1165 13 

son of Roger iii de Toeni . . 13 

— — ivde, d. 1239 9i "3 

vde, d. 1277 13 

— Simon de 13 

Toft, in Norfolk 43, 203 

Toke or Take, Elizabeth . . . .155 
Toly, Joan, dau. of John, see Gresley, 

Joan de. 
Tony, Baron de, see Toeni, Robert de. 

Took, Sir Robert 44 

Toplis, family. Pedigree .... 286 

— Mary, nie Bradfey, see Gresley, 

Mary. 
Torp, see Thorp Constantine. 
Tosny, village (Thony, Todiniacum, 

Toeni, Toni, Totteneium) . 3, 15 

account of it 4 

Totnes (Toteneium, Totenesium) . 15 

Toulf 185 

Towke, Robert 2S0 

Towton, the battle there, 1461 . . 59 

Trafford, family, Pedigree .... 287 

— Philip and Elizabeth, ni!e Gresley . 91 

Trangsby 184, 203 

Trentham abbey 25 

Trezgoz, Geoffrey 209 

Trollope, Anthony, the novelist . . 13S 

Trumpton, Richard 244 

Tuchet, James, Earl of Castlehaven, 

Lord Audley, d. 16S4. ... 78 
Tudball, P. and Elizabeth, m'e Gres- 
ley " 139 

Tudor, Emma 263 



Tunstal 27 

— plea about rights there, A. D. 

1347 194 

Tunsted, Elizabeth 264 

Turner, Capt. Ion and Louisa 

Florence, tu'e Gresley . . 146, 219 
Turnpenny, — , sub-chanter of Lich- 
field Cathedral 17S 

Turvoldesfeld, see Thursfield. 

Tutbury 69-70, 76, 94, 203 

— a quiver of Tutbury make . 34, iSS 

— John de. Prior of Gresley . . .176 

— Honour of 74, 75, 76 

— Woodhouses .... 64, 76, 203 

Twickenham loS 

Twycross {see also Bilstone, and 

Norton) 184, 203 

Tyrconnell, Countess of, see O'Don- 
nell, Anna. 

Ufton, in South Winfield . . 183,203 

Ulchel 1S3 

Ulfac 1S5 

Ulselei, see Wolseley. 

Ulster, badge of 81 

Ulwin 1S6 

Urana in New South Wales . . . I,S3 

Utermarck, — 157 

Uticum, see Ouche. 

Uttoxeter 82 

U.\bridge 145 

Valentia, Viscount, see Annesley, Sir 
Francis, d. 1060. 

Valparaiso 145 

Vanderbilt, Consuelo 27S 

Vane-Tempest, Frances A. E., Mar- 
chioness of Londonderry . . . 167 
Vavasonr, family. Pedigree . . . 288 

— Penelope, d. 185S, see Greslej', 

Penelope. 

Venice 1.^2 

Venner, Gustavus 156 

Verdun, Henry and Hawisia de . . 27 

— Philip de 38 

— Nicholas de 153 

— Roesia, foundress of Grace Dieu 

nunnery 36 

Vere, family 1 79 

Vemey, Anne 60, 270 

— Havise 2j6 

Vernon family, of Haddon Hall, 

Pedigree 289 

— Alditha 2S0 

— Benedicta, dau. of Sir Henry, see 

Gresley, Benedicta. 

— Elizabeth 281 

— Hon. G.J. V 12.:; 

— Henry 109 

— Joan 270 

— Sir John and Lady Ellen ... 63 

— Mary 236 



334 



Index 



Vernon, Matilda 28 1 

— Sir William and Roger . . . 57,5s 

Vetulis, Humfridus de 6 

Vickerman, Elizabeth 238 

Victoria, in Australia 145 

Victoria and Albert, Koya\ Yacht . 153 

Vigevano, in Piedmont 149 

Vincent, family, of Sheepy .... 290 

— Elizabeth, see Gresley, Elizabeth. 

— Hannah, d. 1808 168 

— William 142 

Virginia, U.S.A., Geoffrey Gresley 

there in about 1763-70 . . . 105 

Waite, — 93 

Wakefield, Frances, see Gresley, 

Frances. 
Wakelin, Elizabeth, see Gresley, 

Elizabeth. 
Walcot 112 

— family. Pedigree 291 

— Barbara, see Gresley, Barbara, 

Lady. 

— Richard and Elizabeth, ni>e 

Gresley 84 

Waldeife, Elinor 292 

Wale, William and Joan, tu'e 

Gresley 46 

Walkelin, note on the name ... 33 

Walker, Mary 261 

Wall, John, of Wensley . . . 108,114 
Walrant, John, Prior of Gresley . .176 
W.al5h, family. Pedigree .... 292 

— Margaret, see Gresley, Dame Mar- 

garet de. 

— Thomas and Katherine . . . 53, 56 
Walsingh.am, family, Pedigree . . 293 

— Sir Francis, d. 1590 . . . . 70, 73 

— Katherine, dau. of Sir Thomas, 

see Gresley, Katherine, Lady. 

— Thomas de 2R0 

Walter, Prior of Gresley . . . .176 

— Elizabeth 244 

Walthamstow 152 

Waltheof, Earl of Huntingdon . . 13 
Walton on Trent . . 45, 75, 83-4, 105, 

109-10, 120, 204 

Wanlip i;3 

Wanstord, Christopher 77 

Ward, family yi 

Ward, — , of Ravenstone . . . .129 

— Gresley, Mary, Thomas and 

William 94 

— Richard 96-7 

— Thomas and Dorothy, nie Gresley 94 
Warde, Major-Gen. George . . . 26S 

— Robert de la 42 

Waring, Mary 291 

Warmewell, Gunfredus de .... 20 
Warwick 211 

— Earl and Countess of, see Beau- 

champ, Guy and Alice de. 



Warwick, Earl of, see Beauchamp, 

Richard de. 
Wasteneys, family, of Colton and 

Tixall . . . . 49, 60, 179, 206 
Pedigree 294 

— Elena de 2S1 

— Joan de, n^e Toly, see Gresley, 

Joan de. 

— Rose 60 

— Thomasine Ae,see Gresley, Dame 

Thomasine de. 

— Sir William de 154 

— William de 281 

and John de (13th cent.) . . 41 

Waterpark, Lord, see Cavendish, 

Henry Manners, d. 1863. 
Waters, —, of Edial Hall . . . . 149 

Waterton, Sir Robert 245 

Watkins, Anne,d. 1781, j-fe Gresley, 

Anne. 

Watlington, in Norfolk 130 

Watson, Daniel and Mary, nie 

Gresley 94 

— George and Harriet, ni!e Gresley 142 

— Rev. Thomas H. and Ethel B. L., 

Kt% Gresley I4'5 

Watton in the Wolds 156 

Webb, Rev. Samuel and Anne, tih 

Gresley 139 

Weddington Hall 131 

Welles, Joan, dau. of Lord . . . 262 
Wellesley, Lord Arthur Charles . . 295 

Wells 123 

Weliford i?5 

Wensley 107 

Wentworth, Elizabeth, Countess of 

Strafford, Kje Rodes .... 77 

— George 78 

— Sir Thomas, Vise. Wentworth, 

Earl of Strafford, d. 1641, 
account of his entry into Dublin 

in 163$ 76, cf. 7.^ 

West, Katherine 282 

Westacre, in Norfolk, abbey there . 13 
West Indies, see Indies, West. 
Westminster, see London. 

Wetley (Heteleia) 32,204 

Wetmore, Henry de, see Gresley, 
Henry de. 

Weymouth 153 

Whaley, Dr. Nathaniel 290 

Whalley, Rev. T. S 165 

Whately, — , solicitor, of Birmingham 124 

— Thomas 23S 

Whitacre, Nether 115 

Whitchurch, in Dorset 1 54 

— James and Anne, >Ue G resley , 

and their family 141 

— Jane, see Gresley, Jane. 

White, John 261 

— Michael and Mary, iic'e Gresley, 

and their family 141 



Index 



335 



Whitehalgh, — 269 

Whitehall, family 90-1 

— John and Frances, n^e Gresley . 9 1 

Whitmore (Witemore) 1S5 

Whittington 120 

Whitwick 211 

Wich, Sir Geoffrey 44 

Widesers, see Winshill. 

Wigton, Margaret de 257 

Wilcockson, family. Pedigree . . 2b6 

— Dorothy, see Gresley, Dorothy. 
Wilkes, Elizabeth, see Gresley, Eliza- 
beth. 

— Mary 2S5 

Willesley 40 

William the Conqueror . . 2,9, 10 

— St., of Norwich 209 

— fitz Walkelin 187 

Williams, family, Pedigree . . .295 

— Dr. Daniel, his registers (now at 

Somerset House, Loudon) men- 
tioned 144 

— Laura Anne, see Gresley, Laura 

Anne, Lady. 

Willingham 65 

Willoughby, Avarilla, ?;/« Croxall . 107 

— Cecile, we'f Gratian de Goudin . 107 

— Cicely 283 

— Ellen, Henry and Hugh ... 61 

— Sir Henry 252 

— Katherine 235 

— Robert and Jane Gramnier, ni'e 

Gresley, and their family . .106 

— Sanche 282 

Wilmot, family, Pedigree .... 296 

— Dr. Edward and Elizabeth, nje 

Gresley 84 

— Sir Nicholas 261 

— Robert 91 

Wilson, Miss F., of Tamworth . . 116 

— Joanna Beatrice, see Gresley, 

Joanna Beatrice. 

— W 286 

— Sir William iSi 

Wincobank, near Sheffield . . . .124 
Wmdesers (Widesers), see Winshill. 
Winfield, South, see Ufton. 

Winford, in Somersetshire . . . .139 

Wingfield 69 

Winshill (Windesers?) . . 25,184,204 
Winter, family. Pedigree .... 297 

— Edward and Katherine, nje Gres- 

ley 66 

Winterdyne, in Worcestershire . .1.^2 
Winterton, Wakelin de . . . . 31, 4.S 

Wirksworth 107, 113 

\\ itemore, see Whitmore. 

Witham, in Essex 137 



Witherly 103 

Withmere 31 

Wiverston, Stephen, Dionysia and 

Henry de 27 

Wolferstan, Elizabeth 24I 

— Samuel Pipe 213 

WoUaston, Rev. Samuel .... 91 
Wolseley (Ulselei) 29, 40, 69, 1S5, 204 

— family. Pedigree 298 

— Agnes 240 

— Grace, Lady, w/t? Gresley ... 69 

Wolsey, card. Thomas 65 

Wolverhampton 47, 204 

Wood, — , Schoolmaster at Lough- 
borough U5 

— Anne, dan. of Thomas, see Gres- 

ley, Anne. 
Woodhorn Grange, near Morpeth . 153 
Woodhouses, see Tutbury Woodhouses. 

Woodrising, in Norfolk 71 

Woodyat, Rev. Edward and Louisa 
G. M., n^e Gresley, and tlieir 

family 120 

Worcester . . . . no, 116, 120, 136 

— the funeral of Lady Gresley passing 

through, 1790 119 

— Earls of, see Somerset, family. 

Worksop 71 

Worle, in Somersetshire . . . .139 

Worselay, Alice .s.s 

Worthington, in Leicestershire . . 66 

Wotton, Sir John 281 

Wright, LyJia 266 

— Richard 286 

Wrinbill 61 

Wrottesley, in Staffordshire ... 17 

— family. Pedigree 299 

— Major-Gen. the Hon. George . 56, 299 

— Hugh ^6 

— Sir J 118 

— Thomasine de, in'e Gresley (i6th 

cent.) ' 6o> 56 

— Sir Walter 59 

Wychard, Ralph 1^4 

— Richard, of Shayle 41 

Wynne, family. Pedigree .... 300 

— Elizabeth, see Gresley, Eliza- 

beth. 

Wyoming, U. S. A 124 

Wyrley, William 210, 213 

account of Gresley church by 

him 179 

Wyveley 204 

Ylkesleye, see Ilkley. 

Yoxall 204 

Zucchero, Taddeo 166 



THE END. 



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